CN105178629A - Jointed wood structure house - Google Patents

Jointed wood structure house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105178629A
CN105178629A CN201510593567.9A CN201510593567A CN105178629A CN 105178629 A CN105178629 A CN 105178629A CN 201510593567 A CN201510593567 A CN 201510593567A CN 105178629 A CN105178629 A CN 105178629A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
bottom girder
crossbeam
house
frame structure
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Pending
Application number
CN201510593567.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆步云
周光志
赵和琳
李芳�
张贝贝
缪冬冬
石邦华
田正余
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Nanjing Buyunxuan Dectoration Engineering Co Ltd
Guizhou Kaixin Industrial Investment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Nanjing Buyunxuan Dectoration Engineering Co Ltd
Guizhou Kaixin Industrial Investment Co Ltd
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Application filed by Nanjing Buyunxuan Dectoration Engineering Co Ltd, Guizhou Kaixin Industrial Investment Co Ltd filed Critical Nanjing Buyunxuan Dectoration Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510593567.9A priority Critical patent/CN105178629A/en
Publication of CN105178629A publication Critical patent/CN105178629A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a jointed wood structure house and belongs to the technical field of house building. The jointed wood structure house comprises stand columns, bottom beams, cross beams and a plurality of parallel purlines. The bottom beams and the cross beams are connected to form a bearing wood ring beam structure, and the bearing wood ring beam structure is supported by the stand columns and distanced from the ground where the house is located. The house is divided into multiple layers through the bearing wood ring beam structure in the longitudinal direction. The bottom beams and the stand columns form a wall wood ring beam structure in an enclosure mode. Composite floors are installed in the bearing wood ring beam structure. Composite walls are installed in the wall wood ring beam structure. The parallel purlines are arranged at the top ends of the stand columns, and composite roof slabs are installed on the purlines. According to the technical scheme, the system separation concept is adopted, components are prefabricated and produced in factories to form standard components, the standard components are directly assembled to form the wood structure house on site, and therefore the construction procedures of on-site construction are simplified, the construction cycle is shortened, less auxiliary equipment is needed in on-site construction, and the pollution of waste, noise, dust and the like in construction sites is lowered to the maximum degree.

Description

A kind of spliced wooden frame structure
Technical field
The invention belongs to building construction technology field, relate to a kind of wooden frame structure, especially relate to a kind of spliced wooden frame structure.
Background technology
The house of the Some Minority Races such as seedling, the Dong nationality adopts traditional timber buildings form, has become local a line of scenery line.But local Traditional Wood structural building substantially all belongs to peasant's self-built housing, owing to lacking comprehensive and systematic professional knowledge and technological guidance, there is many defects such as such as fire, structural instability, poor durability in house.Under the overall background of building a New Socialist Countryside, how while the habitat condition improving local resident, the dwelling habits of local people can be respected fully again, History of conservancy cultural heritage, become must faced by problem.So, integrated planning, scientific design, reasonable reformation are carried out to the construction of wooden frame structure, seem extremely important.
Modern wooden frame structure is because of its scientific and reasonable layout, and have comfortable for living, good looking appearance, the advantage such as cool in summer and warm in winter, especially Some Minority Races compact community obtains good maintenance and development at home.But wooden frame structure, as a kind of traditional building types, realize industrialized development, and just need the better quality making its construction, efficiency is higher.And existing wooden frame structure construction method mostly is traditional construction method, namely raw material are adopted to carry out site operation, the larger equipment such as many liftings, cutting, splicing are needed to give coordinative construction at the scene, require higher to the execution conditions at scene on the one hand, cost, on the other hand, the clout, airborne dust, noise etc. that raw material are carried out processing to process generation cause pollution to the environment of job site, and, such form of construction work often efficiency is lower, duration is longer, also very limited to the room for promotion of quality.
Syndeton the most general in wooden construction is joggle, this connected mode requires high to the accurate to dimension between the tenon of each junction of timber and falcon nest, although processing can ensure quality of fit during in-site installation, but this needs equipment to assist, and can efficiency of construction be reduced, for industrialization, the modular enforcement of wooden frame structure, also restriction can be caused.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem, the invention provides a kind of spliced wooden frame structure, thus achieving modularized production, overall splicing, improves installation effectiveness, for the industrialized development of wooden frame structure provides technical foundation.
The present invention is achieved by following technical solution.
A kind of spliced wooden frame structure, comprise column, bottom girder, crossbeam and purlin, described bottom girder and crossbeam connect and compose and carry girt structure, and described carrying girt structure by upright supports, and exists spacing between ground, place, house; House is divided into several layers by described carrying girt structure in the vertical, surrounds again wall girt structure between bottom girder and column, installs composite floor plate in described carrying girt structure, installs combined wall in described wall girt structure; Be provided with some purlins arranged in parallel on described column top, between two columns, the bottom girder of the top is provided with upper pillar stand, and between described relative two upper pillar stands, mounting purlines is as transition, described purlin is installed compound roof slab.
The place that described column is connected with ground is connected by suspension column part, socle part comprises base plate, two risers, reinforcing rib, two risers are vertically welded on base plate and also keep the spacing identical with column width, corresponding bolt hole is equipped with on column and on riser, column stands between two risers, and be bolted, be provided with reinforcing rib outside riser.
Described composite floor plate comprises the frame construction that two edge sealing keel and some rough ground a are formed, and rough ground a is evenly distributed between two edge sealing keel; Said frame structure one side is fixed with oriented wood chipboard a, makes the compartment forming some openings in this frame construction, fills heat preservation rock a and closed by double-deck fire-resistant gypsum panel a in each compartment.
Described combined wall comprises rough ground b, raising-plate and bottom girder plate, some rough ground b are supported between raising-plate and bottom girder plate, form frame construction, heat preservation rock is filled in frame construction, inner side is closed by fire-resistant gypsum panel, and outside is closed by oriented wood chipboard, and oriented wood chipboard external surface pastes ventilation paper, to be pressed on ventilation paper with counter batten and to be connected and fixed with oriented wood chipboard, wooden link plate is arranged on counter batten.
Secondary column is provided with between described bilevel bottom girder, secondary column two ends and position corresponding to bottom girder are provided with centre bore, and install steel pipe in the centre bore of two correspondences, centre bore side is provided with pin-and-hole, the position that steel pipe is corresponding is also provided with pin-and-hole, is fastened after secondary column is connected with bottom girder by pinlock.
Also be provided with secondary column between described bilevel crossbeam, its syndeton is identical with the syndeton between bottom girder and secondary column.
Described bottom girder and being connected by U-shaped suspension member between crossbeam with column, U-shaped suspension member is bolted on column, bottom girder and crossbeam link are provided with the U-lag corresponding with U-shaped suspension member, U-lag cell wall and U-shaped suspension member are equipped with corresponding pin-and-hole, and the U-lag on bottom girder and crossbeam is connected with U-shaped suspension member and passes through pin b positioning and locking afterwards.
When described column is positioned at two sides, house, column external side parallel is provided with hanging beam, hanging beam lower end is connected by a crossbeam, and is connected with column by one section of bottom girder, and hanging beam top is by upper pillar stand mounting purlines.
The described carrying girt structure inside wall connected and composed by bottom girder and crossbeam is provided with chock, and chock is connected with bottom girder or crossbeam by bolt.
The described wall girt structure inside wall by surrounding between bottom girder and column is provided with waterproof adhesive tape, and outside waterproof adhesive tape, establish headblock bar, and combined wall end face presses waterproof adhesive tape, and outer surface edge is located by headblock bar.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The spliced wooden frame structure of one of the present invention, by the concept adopting system to be separated, be prefabricated in the factory each parts production, form standard component, then direct-assembling becomes wooden frame structure at the scene, simplifies the construction sequence of site operation, shortens construction period, and auxiliary equipment needed for site operation reduces, and reduces the pollutions such as the discarded object of job site, noise, dust to greatest extent; Timber buildings comparatively reinforced concrete building of conducting oneself with dignity is light, and require low to foundation etc., only need carry out simple basement process can install, and is applicable to diversified geological type; The agent structure of post and beam comparatively other types wooden construction has better anti-seismic performance, and have employed the connected mode being different from conventional art in this configuration, employ standard component to be connected with metalwork is auxiliary, employ built-in design simultaneously, make assembling more flexible, connect also more reliable, and good looking appearance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the syndeton schematic diagram between center pillar heel piece of the present invention and column;
Fig. 3 is composite floor plate keel frame structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of composite floor plate in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the keel frame structural representation of combined wall in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of combined wall in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is secondary column and structural representation when being connected at the bottom of crossbeam or beam in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the partial enlarged drawing at A place in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 be at the bottom of middle cross beam of the present invention and beam with structural representation when being connected between column;
Figure 10 is structural representation when composite floor plate is installed in carrying girt structure in the present invention;
Figure 11 is structural representation when combined wall is installed in wall girt structure in the present invention;
Figure 12 is the integral structural system in the present invention in wooden construction local-style dwelling houses show house.
In figure: 1-combined wall, 101-rough ground b, 102-raising-plate, 103-bottom girder plate, 104-wood link plate, 105-counter batten, 106-ventilation paper, 107-oriented wood chipboard b, 108-heat preservation rock b, 109-fire-resistant gypsum panel b, 110-waterproof adhesive tape, 111-headblock bar, 2-column, 201-steel pipe, 202-pin a, 203-centre bore, 204-pin-and-hole, 3-bottom girder, 4-composite floor plate, 41-edge sealing keel, 42-rough ground a, 43-oriented wood chipboard a, 44-heat preservation rock a, 45-fire-resistant gypsum panel a, 401-chock, 5-crossbeam, 6-cant beam, 7-hanging beam, 8-upper pillar stand, 9-purlin, 10-compound roof slab, 11-suspension column part, 1101-base plate, 1102-riser, 1103-reinforcing rib, 1104-bolt, the secondary column of 12-, 13-U shape suspension member, 1301-U shape groove, 1302-pin b.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme of the present invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but described in claimed scope is not limited to.
As shown in Figure 1, the spliced wooden frame structure of one of the present invention, comprises column 2, bottom girder 3, crossbeam 5 and purlin 9, and described bottom girder 3 connects and composes with crossbeam 5 and carries girt structure, and described carrying girt structure is supported by column 2; House adopts dry bar, one deck floor distance ground has certain height, the natural ventilation of underfloor space of planes, add the special construction of next level plate, make to build and there is performance that is anticorrosion, moistureproof, insect protected, so need not ensure that wooden construction is from infringement that is rotten, worm ant by the process of groundsill and foundation.
House is divided into several layers by described carrying girt structure in the vertical, surrounds again wall girt structure between bottom girder 3 and column 2, installs composite floor plate 4 in described carrying girt structure, installs combined wall 1 in described wall girt structure; The bottom girder 3 being provided with the top between some purlin 9, two columns 2 arranged in parallel on described column 2 top is provided with upper pillar stand 8, and between described relative two upper pillar stands 8, mounting purlines 9 is as transition, and compound roof slab 10 installed by described purlin 9.House also comprises some short columns, between upper strata, house and roof, with meet upper strata support with loft, roof choose high structure.
As shown in Figure 2, house deadweight and imposed load are born by column 2 and are delivered to ground, and column 2 is the important feature of house support system.The place that described column 2 is connected with ground is connected by suspension column part 11, suspension column part 11 comprises base plate 1101, two riser 1102, reinforcing rib 1103, two risers 1102 are vertically welded on base plate 1101 and also keep the spacing identical with column 2 width, corresponding bolt hole is equipped with on column 2 and on riser 1102, column 2 stands between two risers 1102, and fixed by bolt 1104, be provided with reinforcing rib 1103 outside riser 1102, each welding position weld seam must not be less than hardware thickness of slab.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, described composite floor plate 4 comprises the frame construction that two edge sealing keel 41 are formed with some rough ground a42, and rough ground a42 is evenly distributed between two edge sealing keel 41; Said frame structure one side is fixed with oriented wood chipboard a43, makes the compartment forming some openings in this frame construction, fills heat preservation rock a44 and closed by double-deck fire-resistant gypsum panel a45 in each compartment.Floor adopts the SPF material of 38 × 140, and rough ground a42 spacing 406mm is arranged in order, and as support, fills the thick heat preservation rock of 120mm between keel, heat-preservation cotton outer cladding diaphragm; Floor plate adopts the thick oriented wood chipboard a43 of 15mm to lay.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, described combined wall 1 comprises rough ground b101, raising-plate 102 and bottom girder plate 103, some rough ground b101 are supported between raising-plate 102 and bottom girder plate 103, form frame construction, heat preservation rock b108 is filled in frame construction, inner side is closed by fire-resistant gypsum panel 109, outside is closed by oriented wood chipboard b107, oriented wood chipboard b107 external surface pastes ventilation paper 106, to be pressed on ventilation paper 106 with counter batten 105 and to be connected and fixed with oriented wood chipboard b107, wooden link plate 104 is arranged on counter batten 105.Combined wall 1 adopts the SPF material of 38 × 40, and rough ground b101 spacing 406mm is arranged in order, and as support, fills the heat preservation rock b108 that 38mm is thick between rough ground b101, and shingle nail adopts the thick oriented wood chipboard b107 of 9.5mm to lay.
As shown in Figure 7, Figure 8, secondary column 12 is provided with between described bilevel bottom girder 3, the position of secondary column 12 two ends and bottom girder 3 correspondence is provided with centre bore 203, in the centre bore 203 of two correspondences, steel pipe 201 is installed, centre bore 203 side is provided with pin-and-hole 204, the position of steel pipe 201 correspondence is also provided with pin-and-hole 204, is locked after secondary column 12 is connected with bottom girder 3 by pin 202.
Also be provided with secondary column 12 between described bilevel crossbeam 5, its syndeton is identical with the syndeton between bottom girder 3 and secondary column 12.
As shown in Figure 9, described bottom girder 3 and being connected by U-shaped suspension member 13 between crossbeam 5 with column 2, U-shaped suspension member 13 is bolted on the relevant position on column 2, and ensures that U-shaped suspension member 13 remains on sustained height; Bottom girder 3 and crossbeam 5 link are provided with the U-lag 1301 corresponding with U-shaped suspension member 13, U-lag 1301 cell wall and U-shaped suspension member 13 are equipped with corresponding pin-and-hole, after U-lag 1301 on bottom girder 3 and crossbeam 5 is connected with U-shaped suspension member 13, pin b1302 is squeezed in the respective pin hole of beam, by pin b1302 positioning and locking.U-shaped suspension member 13 is concealed, is non-rigid connection, has certain movable space, this connected mode is both large than traditional mortise-tenon joint intensity, the active node inheriting again mortise-tenon joint absorbs the advantage of seismic energy, makes this building aseismicity performance more remarkable, so to ground without particular/special requirement.。
Described bottom girder 3 is connected corner with crossbeam 5 and is provided with cant beam 6, for reinforcing the connection of bottom girder 3 and crossbeam 5.
When described column 2 is positioned at two sides, house, column 2 external side parallel is provided with hanging beam 7, hanging beam 7 lower end is connected by a crossbeam 5, and is connected with column 2 by one section of bottom girder, and hanging beam 7 top is by upper pillar stand 8 mounting purlines 9.
The described carrying girt structure inside wall connected and composed by bottom girder 3 and crossbeam 5 is provided with chock 401, and chock 401 is connected with bottom girder 3 or crossbeam 5 by bolt, forming station terrace.Then be directly layered on by monoblock composite floor plate 4 on the chock 401 in carrying girt structure, composite floor plate 4 has certain movable space equally, can avoid the problems such as the floor face cracking tilting caused because of building location face portion depression like this.
The described wall girt structure inside wall by surrounding between bottom girder 3 and column 2 is provided with waterproof adhesive tape 110, and establishes headblock bar 111 outside waterproof adhesive tape 110, and combined wall 1 end face presses waterproof adhesive tape 110, and outer surface edge is located by headblock bar 111.
Really will realize housing industrialization, not only need to adopt industrialized building method, the component of house and component also must realize standardization, seriation, and this relates to the integration of the upper and lower industrial chain related resource of industry.The disassembled one-tenth of wooden frame structure in the technical program can the component parts of standardized designs and production, comprise column, connector, wallboard, floor, door and window, stair, beauty by, Roof system, kitchen guarding's system, hydroelectric system, built in system etc., each parts are by standard production, transport to scene after production completes to construct, the construction cycle is about 15 days.
As shown in figure 12, be the integral structural system in wooden construction local-style dwelling houses show house.Built-in hardware by customizing between each beam with column 2 is connected, and can't see connector after installation.
In show house, all columns 2 are laminated wood, and carry out perforating boring according to design and construction drawing, reserve installation site, Fast Installation of marching into the arena afterwards, laminated wood quality need meet national standard.
In timber buildings, the effect of connector is linked together at each structural element and facing material, and bear and disperse load, helps structure opposing special load, as seismic load and wind load.Connector has nail, bolt, screw, customization hardware fastening etc.
This wooden frame structure will arrange 1 whole kitchen and 2 integral vacuum toilets, whole kitchen and washroom are prefabricate finished product, by professional installer's installation, on-the-spot without cement mortar, only the water power interface that water power and scene are reserved need be docked.2 workmans can complete the installation of a kitchen, 2 washrooms for 2 days.
Each component indicates corresponding numbering after being prefabricated in the factory and producing, and each component is assembled according to numbering according to drawing requirement by scene.The number of assembling steps of this structural building each several part is as follows:
1, basis smoothing unwrapping wire
Foundation construction is generally directly contracted to the foundation construction unit of specialty, carries out foundation excavation and other foundation construction by contractor unit.Ensure that the geological process of certain earthquake magnitude can be born in basis, and basis should passing in time and produce remarkable or uneven sedimentation, should by the impact freezed and melt of soil yet.Before show house assembling, basis should provide the operating surface of a level, and unwrapping wire smoothing work is carried out on construction party reply basis.Find out the minimum point of each single footing, with this position for object of reference, utilize level gauge unwrapping wire, find out vertical height on line, then basis is carried out padded smooth.
2, pylon assembling
As shown in Figure 2, suspension column part 11 pre-embedded bolt is fixed on basis, and column 2 is stuck between two risers 1102 of suspension column part 11, then in pin-and-hole, squeezes into pin and fixes, or adopts bolt 1104 to fix, and column 2 is firmly fixed on basis.Adopt wooden stull temporary support pylon 2, keep its stability, so that subsequent job proceeds.
As shown in Figure 9, bottom girder 3, U-shaped suspension member 13 between crossbeam 5 with column 2, is adopted to be connected, column 2 is installed to suspension column part 11 and goes forward, first U-shaped suspension member 13 is fixed on the relevant position of column 2, and ensureing that each column 2 is installed to after on suspension column part 11, the U-shaped suspension member 13 on it is maintained at the same horizontal plane; U-lag 1301 correspondence of bottom girder 3, crossbeam 5 termination is snapped in U-shaped suspension member 13, pin b1302 is squeezed in corresponding pin-and-hole.
As shown in Figure 7, man-hour is reserved centre bore 203 adding in secondary column 12 two ends, and centre bore 203 is blind hole, steel pipe 201 is inserted respectively the centre bore of secondary column 12, then by the centre bore 203 of connected bottom girder 3 or crossbeam 5 just to steel pipe 201 other end, insert it into; Pin a202 is squeezed in corresponding pin-and-hole 204 thereupon, each parts are locked.
3, the assembling of beam
The installation of bottom girder 3, crossbeam 5 is carried out from lower to upper, first by beam horizontal positioned, the groove of its U-lag 1301 is made to be in vertical direction, pin is squeezed in the pin-and-hole of the top, then slip into from U-shaped suspension member 13 upper end, make the pin squeezed into just in time hang over round mouth place, U-shaped suspension member 13 top, complete location and mounting, and then continue to squeeze into two pins on the lower.Bottom girder 3, crossbeam 5 install post-tensioning chi diagonal Uprightness adjusting level with column 2, fix this position angle vertical at the key position installation cant beam 6 of corner.
4, composite floor plate is installed
The live loads such as form bracing deadweight and the inhabitation mankind, equipment and furniture, the imposed load from other floors and roof usually also reaches column again to basis by floor system.Floor to be prefabricated in the factory processing according to construction broken away view, and scene is directly carried out assembled according to drawing number.
As shown in Figure 10, the SPF fixing 2 × 4 around the carrying girt inner structural wall needing the beam filling floor to surround forms chock 401, and guarantee that the spacing on chock 401 between plane to beam upper surface equals the thickness of composite floor plate 4, to guarantee that composite floor plate 4 and top surface of the beam are in same level.Chock blunt bolt is fixed, and spacing is not more than 600mm, hammers into blunt bolt and should notice that distance chock 4 termination at least reserves the distance of 200mm, in case cause chock 4 termination to rupture.
When one deck floor is installed, should take sequence construction from inside outwards, convenient construction operation completes smoothly; Due to space based on below one deck floor, moisture enters in building easily via floor, so add protective cloth below one deck floor, plays certain protection against the tide, fire prevention and antisepsis.
When two floor plates and loft floor are installed, also need the sequence of construction taked from inside outwards, convenient construction operation completes smoothly, and notes the position of reserved corridor mouth, and the floor of the position of reserved corridor mouth is finally installed.
5, combined wall board is installed
Although body of wall not as load-carrying members, has important maintenance and the effect of spatial division in post and beam structure building.Exterior wall controls the flowing inside and outside building of heat, moisture and air; The interior space separated by interior wall, and holds electrical equipment and conduit component.
Connection between composite exterior wall body and pillar as shown in figure 11.Headblock bar 111 is fixed along column 2 inwall, after fixing headblock bar, prefabricated combined wall board 1 is stuck in inside headblock bar 111, then from inside to outside combined wall board 1 is fastened on headblock bar with steel nail; Finally outside combined wall board, add painting one along column 2 encloses fluid sealant, forms waterproof adhesive tape, not only plays sealing function but also beautify alien invasion.
Because show house adopts Integral kitchen-bathroom, therefore the body of wall of kitchen and toilet does not need fire-resistant gypsum panel, and Integral kitchen-bathroom is installed by providing the producer technician of equipment, and arranges water power pipeline.
Attic floor wallboard is separated into thinner trivial part, notes numbering and position during installation.
6, roof system is installed
Roof be building in a part and parcel, architecture protection from the infringement of wind and rain, for human living provides good living environment.Show house adopts prefabricated composite roof board to be prefabricated in the factory on-site consolidation, can realize the efficient of house and complete fast, meet building roof to insulation, fireproof requirement simultaneously.
Purlin 9 along house cross direction profiles, for compound roof slab 10 provides fixed support.Purlin 9 forms by three sections, during installation, purlin is snapped into column 2 or mortise place, upper pillar stand 8 top, eyelet is alignd, and then aims at eyelet and squeezes into pin to carry out locking fastening.
The oriented wood chipboard (OSB) that compound roof slab 10 adopts 15mm thick makes, when laying compound roof slab 10, first compound roof slab 10 framework is fixed on purlin, compound roof slab 10 framework is made by the gauge material of certain specification size, and the size of shaving board must not be less than 1.2 × 2.4m; Compound roof slab 10 is divided into some parts by prefabricated compound roof slab 10 framework, is convenient to batch production processing, simultaneously also constructability; Be be convenient to adjustment in addition, the roof with radian can be met, and the maintenance being convenient to the later stage is repaired.Seam between prefabricated compound roof slab 10 lower edges should be parallel with purlin 9, and have 50mm to overlap, securing member adopts wood screw, the position of nail is apart from panel edges at least 150mm, and should notice that nail is not less than 10mm from face plate edge, nail should hammer into framing component securely, but ailhead should exceedingly not hammer in prefabricated compound roof slab 10.
After compound roof slab 10 installs, at the surperficial laying water-proof coiled material of whole compound roof slab 10, finally lay roof tile.
7, door and window and stair are installed
No matter door and window is from outward appearance, function or security standpoint, all very part and parcel in timber buildings.They provide light, the visual field, ventilation and to outer vent, also for building with the addition of unique style and features for occupants.
Body of wall should reserve the sufficient space installing timber window, as the adjustment space of 10 to 15mm, joint filling thin plate can be used to carry out smooth and support, also can fill insulant material.For damaging glass when preventing from installing, take first window frame to be installed, then mounting glass, and then do edge sealing process.Timber window fastened by screw is in body of wall, and window frame should level, vertical and upright.
Door part should embed reserved opening from outside, and is in open center, to ensure to be fated door frame is embedded, and around side and top, leaves the gap of 10 to 15mm.Door frame should be within the scope of width of wall body, suitably can use ornament materials.Sill should be treaded, and guarantees that it lies in a horizontal plane on floor with silica gel bed course below.
Doorjamb should be vertical, to ensure that door part can not be crooked; Gap is measured, to ensure the sealant of sufficient size.Below the threshold near exterior wall, should there be two-layer silica gel joint filling at floor place, and this will prevent air leakage and seepage.The effective extension of the minimum 25mm of dead bolt of door, tighten hinge and other hardwares, HINGE SCREWS is screwed into wall frame at least 30mm.
Stair are produce in appointment prefabrication, and scene is installed.The instruction for mounting that concrete mounting process provides with producer is as the criterion.
8, interior decoration
In wooden frame structure finishing, the main finishing kind of body of wall and ceiling is gypsum plank.Floor finiss wood flooring, kitchen guarding adopts monolithic.Interior decoration also should contribute to lowering the transmission sound between room, and external noise.Suitable space must be reserved, in order to producing the change of wooden construction part dimension because indoor moisture content changes when finishing is installed.

Claims (10)

1. a spliced wooden frame structure, comprise column (2), bottom girder (3), crossbeam (5) and purlin (9), it is characterized in that: described bottom girder (3) and crossbeam (5) connect and compose and carry girt structure, described carrying girt structure is supported by column (2), and there is spacing between ground, place, house; House is divided into several layers by described carrying girt structure in the vertical, wall girt structure is surrounded again between bottom girder (3) and column (2), in described carrying girt structure, composite floor plate (4) is installed, in described wall girt structure, combined wall (1) is installed; Some purlins arranged in parallel (9) are provided with on described column (2) top, between two columns (2), the bottom girder (3) of the top is provided with upper pillar stand (8), between described relative two upper pillar stands (8), mounting purlines (9) is as transition, and described purlin (9) is upper installs compound roof slab (10).
2. the spliced wooden frame structure of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the place that described column (2) is connected with ground is connected by suspension column part (11), socle part (11) comprises base plate (1101), two risers (1102), reinforcing rib (1103), two risers (1102) are vertically welded in base plate (1101) and go up and keep the spacing identical with column (2) width, column (2) above and on riser (1102) is equipped with corresponding bolt hole, column (2) stands between two risers (1102), and fixed by bolt (1104), riser (1102) outside is provided with reinforcing rib (1103).
3. the spliced wooden frame structure of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described composite floor plate (4) comprises the frame construction that two edge sealing keel (41) are formed with some rough ground a (42), and rough ground a (42) is evenly distributed between two edge sealing keel (41); Said frame structure one side is fixed with oriented wood chipboard a (43), makes the compartment forming some openings in this frame construction, fills heat preservation rock a (44) and closed by double-deck fire-resistant gypsum panel a (45) in each compartment.
4. the spliced wooden frame structure of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described combined wall (1) comprises rough ground b (101), raising-plate (102) and bottom girder plate (103), some rough ground b (101) are supported between raising-plate (102) and bottom girder plate (103), form frame construction, heat preservation rock (108) is filled in frame construction, inner side is closed by fire-resistant gypsum panel (109), outside is closed by oriented wood chipboard (107), oriented wood chipboard (107) external surface pastes ventilation paper (106), be pressed in ventilation paper (106) with counter batten (105) go up and be connected and fixed with oriented wood chipboard (107), wooden link plate (104) is arranged on counter batten (105).
5. the spliced wooden frame structure of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: between described bilevel bottom girder (3), be provided with secondary column (12), the position of secondary column (12) two ends and bottom girder (3) correspondence is provided with centre bore (203), in the centre bore (203) of two correspondences, steel pipe (201) is installed, centre bore (203) side is provided with pin-and-hole (204), the position that steel pipe (201) is corresponding is also provided with pin-and-hole (204), be locked by pin (202) after secondary column (12) is connected with bottom girder (3).
6. the spliced wooden frame structure of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be also provided with secondary column (12) between described bilevel crossbeam (5), its syndeton is identical with the syndeton between bottom girder (3) and secondary column (12).
7. the spliced wooden frame structure of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bottom girder (3) and being connected by U-shaped suspension member (13) between crossbeam (5) with column (2), U-shaped suspension member (13) is bolted on column (2), bottom girder (3) and crossbeam (5) link are provided with the U-lag (1301) corresponding with U-shaped suspension member (13), U-lag (1301) cell wall and U-shaped suspension member (13) are equipped with corresponding pin-and-hole, by pin b (1302) positioning and locking after U-lag (1301) on bottom girder (3) and crossbeam (5) is connected with U-shaped suspension member (13).
8. the spliced wooden frame structure of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: when described column (2) is positioned at two sides, house, column (2) external side parallel is provided with hanging beam (7), hanging beam (7) lower end is connected by a crossbeam (5), and be connected with column (2) by one section of bottom girder, hanging beam (7) top is by upper pillar stand (8) mounting purlines (9).
9. the spliced wooden frame structure of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described carrying girt structure inside wall connected and composed by bottom girder (3) and crossbeam (5) is provided with chock (401), and chock (401) is connected with bottom girder (3) or crossbeam (5) by bolt.
10. the spliced wooden frame structure of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described wall girt structure inside wall by surrounding between bottom girder (3) and column (2) is provided with waterproof adhesive tape (110), and establish headblock bar (111) in waterproof adhesive tape (110) outside, combined wall (1) end face presses waterproof adhesive tape (110), and outer surface edge is by headblock bar (111) location.
CN201510593567.9A 2015-09-17 2015-09-17 Jointed wood structure house Pending CN105178629A (en)

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CN107143186A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-09-08 吴峰 The Chinese style local-style dwelling houses of optional energy shock insulation is hinged with prefabricated components quick-assembling flexible rigid
WO2018214145A1 (en) * 2017-05-26 2018-11-29 南通八建集团有限公司 Fabricated light log building installation method
CN110725225A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-01-24 徐州彭源信息科技有限公司 Road sign for intelligent traffic
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CN111524443A (en) * 2020-04-17 2020-08-11 上海交通大学 Modular structure mechanics experiment platform wall device

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