CN105178500A - Environmental-protection energy-saving wall plate of modular grass plate grass bundle wood structure - Google Patents

Environmental-protection energy-saving wall plate of modular grass plate grass bundle wood structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105178500A
CN105178500A CN201510621305.9A CN201510621305A CN105178500A CN 105178500 A CN105178500 A CN 105178500A CN 201510621305 A CN201510621305 A CN 201510621305A CN 105178500 A CN105178500 A CN 105178500A
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China
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plate
building
green
bearing
highly dense
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Pending
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CN201510621305.9A
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张延年
汪青杰
郑怡
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Priority to CN201510621305.9A priority Critical patent/CN105178500A/en
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Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

An environmental-protection energy-saving wall plate of modular grass plate grass bundle wood structure comprises a non-bearing protection decoration fire-proof hanging plate, a water-proof damp-proof breathable roll material layer, a green high-density straw plate for outer buildings, straw bundles, a green high-density straw plate for inner buildings and a fire-proof decoration panel, wherein straw bundles, a wood partition plate, a wood pole and a cross beam form a bearing wood frame wall part; the green high-density straw plate for outer buildings and the water-proof damp-proof breathable roll material layer are nailed on the outer side of the bearing wood frame wall part, the outermost layer is the non-bearing protection decoration fire-proof hanging plate; the green high-density straw plate for inner buildings and the fire-proof decoration panel are nailed on the inner side of the bearing wood frame wall part. The environmental-protection energy-saving wall plate has the following beneficial effects and advantages that the connection piece integration is high, the thermal insulation effect is good, the waste is turned into treasure, the durability is good, the bearing capacity is high, the construction is convenient, the economic effect is good, complicated operation during the construction process is avoided, and the construction cost is greatly reduced.

Description

Modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of buildings, particularly relate to a kind of modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard.
Background technology
According to statistics, builing industry consume on the earth about 50% the energy, the water resource of 42%, the material of 50% and 48% arable land.Cause disruption of ecological balance, create the whole world 24% air pollution, the greenhouse effect of 50%, the pollution of waterhead of 40% and 50% CFC etc.
Green building is curbed environmental pollution in China, energy-saving and emission-reduction, play vital effect in industry restructuring.Past, China was in Development of Green Building, an emphasis steel work and concrete structure and have ignored wooden construction green building.The non-renewable unsustainable property of steel, cement, plastics clearly.The building materials that present developed country has generally acknowledged Wood construction and utilized agricultural wastes to process are correct directions of building industry sustainable development, but the extensive use that department of the Chinese government and various circles of society build for Novel wooden also also exist a lot of mistaken ideas.
For this reason, be necessary to carry out systematic research and development for wooden construction green building and industrialization thereof, make China's building industry really realize the green, capable of circulation, sustainable of overall process.
Ancient and modern timber buildings, start the arena stage getting back to builing industry gradually, mainly timber buildings has the advantages such as huge sustainable development: 1. green: forest often grows one cubic metre of timber, the carbon dioxide in Absorbable rod air about 850 kilograms.And produce one cubic metre of steel discharge carbon dioxide 12 tons, a cubic meter of concrete discharge carbon dioxide 3 tons.In addition, contain a large amount of polyphenol powdes in timber buildings room air and be called as the vitaminic anion of air, the useful people are physically and mentally healthy.2. energy-conservation: the properties of heat preservation and energy saving of wooden frame structure is better than other any other form of structure.The insulation value of timber is higher than concrete 16 times, higher than steel 400 times, higher than aluminium 1600 times.3. environmental protection: timber be natural can growth material, large 120 times of the damage ratio timber of steel to water.4. anti-seismic performance: wooden construction has superior pliability, good ductility and energy dissipation capacity.Even if strong earthquake makes whole building depart from its basis, its structure is also often intact.Wooden construction toughness is large, and destroying for moment impact load and Cyclic fatigue has very strong resistivity, and in all structures, have best shock resistance, this point obtains sufficient proof in many large earthquake centres.5. durability: timber is a kind of stable, the life-span is long, durability is strong material.China's Wood construction in numerous ancient times experienced by the hardships precipitation of more than one thousand years, still stands erect.External a large amount of wooden house, employs the centuries, still plays using function preferably.6. fire resistance: the wooden construction of flame treatment has charing effect, its low conductivity can effectively stop flame inwardly to spread, thus ensures that whole wooden construction is not damaged in for a long time.7. flexible design, utilization rate are high: compare with masonry structure with steel work, concrete structure, the type of attachment of wooden construction is the most various, and space layout is the most flexible, and utilization rate is the highest.8. construct: the construction period of wooden construction is the shortest, and weatherproof, can construct any time.
Timber buildings not only has huge sustainable development advantage, and has enormous industrial advantage: 1. assembling rate is high: concrete structure is difficult to more than 80%, and wooden construction can reach 100%.2. standardization, general rate are high: Structural Laminated Wood material list one, and standardization, generalization degree are higher than concrete structure.3. job-shop automation level is high: wooden construction workability is strong, and the percent of automatization that workshop component is produced is far above concrete structure.4. processing cost is low: wood structures without the need to mould, pouring & maintenance, processing save time, saving of labor, save money.5. machining accuracy is high: wooden construction process all adopts lathe program control operation, and machining accuracy is high.6. cost of transportation is low: wooden construction not only quality is light, and profile is more regular, without a large amount of exposed steel bars.7. assembling speed is fast: assembling concrete structure still needs a large amount of wet trades, and by comparison, the wooden construction construction period can shorten several times.8. workman requires low: concrete structure assembling needs large quantities of high-quality professional contingent, a large amount of precisely operation, grouting and cast-in-place.Especially a large amount of bar connecting, operation easier is large.And the fitting operation of wooden construction significantly simplifies.9. large component general assembly: because wooden construction quality is light, more regular, therefore can adopt large component general assembly, industrialization degree is higher.
China is in the period of history of industrialization, urbanization and new countryside construction fast development, deeply advances building energy conservation, accelerates development green building and be faced with rare historic opportunities.Realize the great demand that the industrialization of modern wood structure green building has become national sustainable development.
Natural straw, wheat straw are inexhaustible renewable resources, it does not produce environmentally harmful material in manufacturing process, and when it completes application target and is removed, still can " green " go back to nature, due to its structure and shaping characteristic, determine its ecological dominance, it is good green ecological building materials.Adopt natural straw and wheat straw to be processed into careless plate and have good intensity, anti-impact force is strong, thermal insulation, and sound insulation value is good, and has flame resistant ability, belongs to difficult combustion building materials.
Summary of the invention
In order to reduce the construction sequence in wooden construction assembling process, wooden construction and heat-preserving wall thereof are carried out modularization integrated, mainly for developing, a kind of good integrity, power transmission are clear and definite, simple structure, safe and reliable, the modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard of saving material and easy construction, effectively can solve the problems such as stressed, the cost of wooden construction node and construction.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard comprises non-bearing protective decorative fireproof link plate, waterproof damp proof insulation breathes freely coiled material layer, the highly dense stalk board of outer green for building, straw bundle, timber partition, pin, the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building and fire proof veneer, and modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard two ends are pin; Between two pins, straw bundle and timber partition interlock successively and are uniformly distributed; Timber partition and pin and lower and upper cross-member all adopt mortise-tenon joint; Straw bundle, timber partition, pin and crossbeam form load-bearing wooden frame wall part; The outside nail of load-bearing wooden frame wall part establishes the highly dense stalk board of outer green for building and waterproof damp proof insulation to breathe freely coiled material layer, and outermost layer is non-bearing protective decorative fireproof link plate; The inner side nail of load-bearing wooden frame wall part establishes the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building and fire proof veneer.
The production process of the outer highly dense stalk board of green for building and the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building is: and cleaning → dedusting → combing → material loading → first is molded → and thermocompression forming → single side surface adds unidirectional moisture vapor transmission film → scale cutting → end-blocking; First pressing sizing pressure is 1.0Mpa-2.0Mpa, and thermocompression forming pressure is 3.0Mpa-4.0Mpa, hot pressing temperature 200 DEG C-300 DEG C, and hot pressing time is 1-1.5min; The highly dense stalk board of outer green for building adds unidirectional moisture vapor transmission film outside it, and the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building adds unidirectional moisture vapor transmission film in inner side.The production process of straw bundle is: cleaning → dedusting → combing → material loading → first is molded → and the sizing of volume bundle; First pressing sizing pressure is 0.1Mpa-0.3Mpa.
Above-mentioned all technique detailed processes are prior art, do not do tired stating at this.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Effect of the present invention and advantage are the integrated height of connector, high insulating effect, turn waste into wealth, excellent in durability, bearing capacity are high, easy construction, good economical benefit, avoid the complex operations in work progress, significantly reduce cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is modularization of the present invention grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard horizontal profile schematic diagram;
In figure, 1 is non-bearing protective decorative fireproof link plate; 2 to breathe freely coiled material layer for waterproof damp proof insulation; 3 is the highly dense stalk board of outer green for building; 4 is straw bundle; 5 is timber partition; 6 is pin; 7 is the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building; 8 is fire proof veneer.
Detailed description of the invention
Describe the present invention below in conjunction with drawings and Examples:
Embodiment: as shown in Figure 1, modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard comprises non-bearing protective decorative fireproof link plate 1, waterproof damp proof insulation breathes freely coiled material layer 2, the highly dense stalk board of outer green for building 3, straw bundle 4, timber partition 5, pin 6, the highly dense stalk board 7 of internal layer green for building and fire proof veneer 8 form.
Modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard two ends are pin 6; Between two pins 6, straw bundle 4 and timber partition 5 interlock successively and are uniformly distributed; Timber partition 5 and pin 6 all adopt mortise-tenon joint with lower and upper cross-member; Straw bundle 4, timber partition 5, pin 6 and crossbeam form load-bearing wooden frame wall part; The outside nail of load-bearing wooden frame wall part establishes the highly dense stalk board 3 of outer green for building and waterproof damp proof insulation to breathe freely coiled material layer 2, and outermost layer is non-bearing protective decorative fireproof link plate 1; The inner side nail of load-bearing wooden frame wall part establishes the highly dense stalk board 7 of internal layer green for building and fire proof veneer 8.The production process of the highly dense stalk board of outer green for building 3 and the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building 7 is: and cleaning → dedusting → combing → material loading → first is molded → and thermocompression forming → single side surface adds unidirectional moisture vapor transmission film → scale cutting → end-blocking; First pressing sizing pressure is 1.0Mpa-2.0Mpa, and thermocompression forming pressure is 3.0Mpa-4.0Mpa, hot pressing temperature 200 DEG C-300 DEG C, and hot pressing time is 1-1.5min; The highly dense stalk board of outer green for building 3 adds unidirectional moisture vapor transmission film outside it, and the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building 7 adds unidirectional moisture vapor transmission film in inner side.The production process of straw bundle 4 is: cleaning → dedusting → combing → material loading → first is molded → and the sizing of volume bundle; First pressing sizing pressure is 0.1Mpa-0.3Mpa.
Above-mentioned all technique detailed processes are prior art, do not do tired stating at this.

Claims (3)

1. a modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard, comprise non-bearing protective decorative fireproof link plate (1), waterproof damp proof insulation is breathed freely coiled material layer (2), the outer highly dense stalk board of green for building (3), straw bundle (4), timber partition (5), pin (6), the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building (7) and fire proof veneer (8), it is characterized in that: modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard two ends are pin (6), between two pins (6), straw bundle (4) and timber partition (5) interlock successively and are uniformly distributed, timber partition (5) and pin (6) all adopt mortise-tenon joint with lower and upper cross-member, straw bundle (4), timber partition (5), pin (6) and crossbeam form load-bearing wooden frame wall part, the outside nail of load-bearing wooden frame wall part establishes the highly dense stalk board of outer green for building (3) and waterproof damp proof insulation to breathe freely coiled material layer (2), outermost layer is non-bearing protective decorative fireproof link plate (1), the inner side nail of load-bearing wooden frame wall part establishes the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building (7) and fire proof veneer (8).
2. modularization grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the highly dense stalk board of described skin green for building (3) and the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building (7), its production process is: and cleaning → dedusting → combing → material loading → first is molded → and thermocompression forming → single side surface adds unidirectional moisture vapor transmission film → scale cutting → end-blocking; First pressing sizing pressure is 1.0Mpa-2.0Mpa, and thermocompression forming pressure is 3.0Mpa-4.0Mpa, hot pressing temperature 200 DEG C-300 DEG C, and hot pressing time is 1-1.5min; The outer highly dense stalk board of green for building (3) adds unidirectional moisture vapor transmission film outside it, and the highly dense stalk board of internal layer green for building (7) adds unidirectional moisture vapor transmission film in inner side.
3. modularization according to claim 1 grass plate bale wooden construction environmental protection and energy saving wallboard, it is characterized in that: described straw bundle (4), its production process is: and cleaning → dedusting → combing → material loading → first is molded → and volume bundle shapes; First pressing sizing pressure is 0.1Mpa-0.3Mpa.
CN201510621305.9A 2015-09-28 2015-09-28 Environmental-protection energy-saving wall plate of modular grass plate grass bundle wood structure Pending CN105178500A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105544791A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 沈阳建筑大学 Orthogonal laminated timber integrated insulation wallboard
CN105544846A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 沈阳建筑大学 Cross-ply building block integrated wallboard with embedded insulating layer
CN105569241A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-11 沈阳建筑大学 Orthogonal laminated timber sound insulation floor
CN105926825A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-09-07 沈阳建筑大学 Wood-structure arc joint and processing method thereof
CN105926776A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-09-07 沈阳建筑大学 Wood-structure mobile house and construction method thereof
CN110847481A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-02-28 湖南麓上住宅工业科技有限公司 Passive wallboard of modularization timber structure

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RU146125U1 (en) * 2013-02-18 2014-09-27 Сергей Леонидович МАРЗАЛЮК WALL PANEL PLATE
CN104790585A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-22 沈阳建筑大学 Thermal insulation wallboard of wooden structure building and preparation method of thermal insulation wallboard
CN205024945U (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-02-10 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization grass board bale wood structural ring protects energy - saving wall panels

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CN1092838A (en) * 1993-03-24 1994-09-28 建筑方法有限公司 Building board and use the building of this kind sheet material
CN200999400Y (en) * 2006-12-21 2008-01-02 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 Wooden wall bone structural composite wall
CN201180325Y (en) * 2008-02-19 2009-01-14 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 Bidirectional framework structure wall
CN201206289Y (en) * 2008-05-21 2009-03-11 黄锦防 Crops stalk anti-shock wall
CN101858122A (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-10-13 常熟科盈复合材料有限公司 Composite wall board
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CN102912894A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-02-06 沈阳建筑大学 Sandwich wall with straw insulation boards
RU146125U1 (en) * 2013-02-18 2014-09-27 Сергей Леонидович МАРЗАЛЮК WALL PANEL PLATE
CN104790585A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-22 沈阳建筑大学 Thermal insulation wallboard of wooden structure building and preparation method of thermal insulation wallboard
CN205024945U (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-02-10 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization grass board bale wood structural ring protects energy - saving wall panels

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105544791A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 沈阳建筑大学 Orthogonal laminated timber integrated insulation wallboard
CN105544846A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 沈阳建筑大学 Cross-ply building block integrated wallboard with embedded insulating layer
CN105569241A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-11 沈阳建筑大学 Orthogonal laminated timber sound insulation floor
CN105544791B (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-10-13 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of integrated heat-insulation wall plate of orthogonal layers building blocks
CN105569241B (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-12-05 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of orthogonal layers building blocks sound insulating floor slab
CN105926825A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-09-07 沈阳建筑大学 Wood-structure arc joint and processing method thereof
CN105926776A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-09-07 沈阳建筑大学 Wood-structure mobile house and construction method thereof
CN105926776B (en) * 2016-06-03 2018-10-23 沈阳建筑大学 Movable wood room and its method of construction
CN105926825B (en) * 2016-06-03 2018-11-09 沈阳建筑大学 Timber structure arc node and its processing method
CN110847481A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-02-28 湖南麓上住宅工业科技有限公司 Passive wallboard of modularization timber structure

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