CN105178427A - Method for integrally forming and building houses - Google Patents

Method for integrally forming and building houses Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105178427A
CN105178427A CN201510492417.9A CN201510492417A CN105178427A CN 105178427 A CN105178427 A CN 105178427A CN 201510492417 A CN201510492417 A CN 201510492417A CN 105178427 A CN105178427 A CN 105178427A
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non
column
steel plate
described
construction method
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CN201510492417.9A
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CN105178427B (en
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危瑞菊
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危瑞菊
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Abstract

The invention provides a method for integrally forming and building houses. The method is capable of pouring foundations (101) after excavating according to the conventional method, wherein each foundation (101) comprises a base (1), a stand column (2), L-shaped screw rods (3) and a steel plate (4), wherein the L-shaped screw rods (3) are prefabricated in the base (1) and the stand column (2) with equal intervals along the periphery of the stand column (2); the free ends of the tops of the L-shaped screw rods (3) penetrate through the (4), the steel plate is arranged on the upper surface of the stand column (2); non-removal templates (102) are arranged between the adjacent foundations (101) in a spot welding manner; steel bars are paved among the non-removal templates (102); the concrete is poured to manufacture ring beams; after the floor is neatened, the columns, beams and floor slabs are mounted and paved through steel structures; the non-removal templates (102) are mounted on the steel structure exterior walls; the concrete is continuously poured from bottom to top till the top is sealed in situ. According to the houses built by the method, the overall structure formed by horizontal structures and lateral structures is relatively high in strength, relatively high in seismic performance and relatively high in cracking resistance.

Description

The one-body molded construction method in house

Technical field

The present invention relates to building construction technology field, be specifically related to a kind of one-body molded construction method of house.

Background technology

Since human civilization is born, house is exactly one of requisite instrument of human survival.And building construction is after experienced by cave, cogongrass, brick and tile, brick and be mixed, be exactly current steel concrete.But there is the loaded down with trivial details problems such as construction is complicated, the duration is longer, Environment protection and safety guarantee in steel concrete.

Notification number is the building method that the Chinese invention patent of CN101235657 discloses a kind of integrated molding house, and use steel expanded mesh is non-dismantling formwork, the exterior wall that is skeleton fixed buildings with little U-shaped steel, controls proportioning and the degree of collapsing of concrete material.From Stall wall column, two floors, second floor wall column, three floors until roof, staircase, parapet during construction, whole solitary building structure has once been cast.The method will be the breakthrough for building construction divergence and vertical construction Technology Integration, full-scale construction is one-body molded, the concrete continuous construction utilizing watertightness high, do not have the interface of unlike material, not free discontinuous interface, the seepage shortcoming overcoming traditional construction maximum reaches perfect boundary.

The method at present builds pilot on the ground such as Jiangxi, China, Sichuan, along with the continuous application of the method, find the method overall construction intensity, antidetonation, cracking resistance, heat insulation etc. in need to improve.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the deficiency overcoming above prior art problem, provides a kind of one-body molded construction method of improved house.

The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:

The one-body molded construction method in house, the method comprises the following steps:

S1: pour into a mould footing by after conventional construction method excavation, described footing comprises base, column, L shape screw rod, steel plate, wherein base and column are integrally poured into a mould by concrete and are formed, L shape screw rod is equidistantly formed in base and column in advance along column periphery, and top stretches out in column, bottom towards being outwards distributed in base, described steel plate is through the upper surface being arranged at column after the top free ends of L shape screw rod;

S2: the both sides spot welding non-dismantling formwork of column between adjacent footing, lays reinforcing bar between the two row's non-dismantling formworks formed, then fluid concrete, completes collar tie beam;

S3: after terrace arranges, lays post, beam and floor with Steel Structure Installation, installs non-dismantling formwork at the both sides metope of steel work exterior wall;

S4: by collar tie beam, terrace, Stall wall, two floors, second floor wall ..., from lower to upper, continuous cast-in-place concrete is until bind.

The present invention with the bottom of building for starting point, footing and collar tie beam technique are improved, footing is laid at the node of each wall frame, the matrix of footing is integrally poured into a mould by concrete and is formed, and the bottom of prefabricated L shape screw rod, L shape is towards being outwards uniformly distributed in matrix, such footing makes the node of house frame stronger, and foundation structure rigidity (comprising transverse direction, side direction) and lateral resisting strengthen greatly, and under greatly reducing geological process, torsional effect is to the structural damage in house; Collar tie beam is laid between each footing with reinforcing bar and concrete, whole foundation framework is linked as an entirety, greatly strengthen continuity and the uniformity of ground, makes foundation structure very firm, and effective reinforcement walls body, minimizing wall crazing, promote anti-seismic performance; Steel work transmits loading to footing with steel plate, effectively increases the weight capacity in house.The house built in the process of the present invention, it laterally and the overall construction intensity of side direction composition is higher, anti-seismic performance is stronger, cracking resistance is stronger.

As preferably, in described step S2, S3, non-dismantling formwork is formed through integrated punching by steel plate, described non-dismantling formwork is spaced by costal groove band and relief hole band and forms, the intermediate lateral of described costal groove band is provided with a costal groove rearwardly caved in (for fixing with steel work), described pressure release pore area is provided with the pressure relief vent of matrix arrangement, after described relief hole goes out a ∏ shape otch by mould punching, the middle part of ∏ shape slitting is rearwardly recessed to form.The thickness of described steel plate is 0.1-0.3 millimeter.Above non-dismantling formwork improves through practice on the basis of existing technology, formed through integrated punching by galvanized steel plain sheet, three punching presses, one side are ined succession galvanized steel plain sheet body, the slitting that three punching presses are formed caves inward formation relief hole, the making of this non-dismantling formwork does not have the waste material such as slag, steel cuttings to produce, save the follow-up loaded down with trivial details treatment process such as to remove slag, the non-dismantling formwork obtained and prior art exist compared with the steel expanded mesh that stretches, without residual stress, the mechanical integrated performances such as anti-impact, tension, cracking resistance, resistance to deformation are better.In addition, the back side of pressure relief vent is stopped by ∏ shape slitting, effectively prevent concrete in walls concrete casting process and overflows from relief hole, not only avoid the waste of constructional materials, what is more important, enormously simplify follow-up loaded down with trivial details cleaning and overflows concrete operation; ∏ shape slitting be connected with galvanized steel plain sheet body and the structure rearwardly caved in also to the concrete space cushioned in casting process, more be conducive to concrete being uniformly distributed, too increase the adhesion of concrete and non-dismantling formwork, be conducive to the lifting of cracking resistance.

As preferably, the non-dismantling formwork being arranged on metope outside exterior wall in described step S3 is that surface heat is soaked with insulating moulding coating or is sprayed with the steel plate of insulating moulding coating.This measure effectively compensate for the dissatisfactory defect of the general effect of heat insulation of reinforced concrete structure.

As preferably, while post, beam and floor are laid, also carry out the laying of stair in described step S3, in described step S4, continuous cast-in-place concrete also comprises the cast to stair.Stair also carry out laying and pouring into a mould simultaneously, realize the one-body molded construction in house to a greater degree.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Shown in Fig. 1 be the one-body molded construction method in house of the present invention footing arrange schematic diagram;

Shown in Fig. 2 is the collar tie beam schematic diagram of the one-body molded construction method in house of the present invention;

Shown in Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the footing of the one-body molded construction method in house of the present invention;

Shown in Fig. 4 is A-A generalized section in Fig. 3;

Shown in Fig. 5 is the elevation of the non-dismantling formwork of the one-body molded construction method in house of the present invention;

Shown in Fig. 6 is the left view of the non-dismantling formwork of the one-body molded construction method in house of the present invention;

Shown in Fig. 7 is the lateral view of the non-dismantling formwork of the one-body molded construction method in house of the present invention.

Wherein: 1, base; 2, column; 3, L shape screw rod; 4, steel plate; 11, costal groove band; 12, pressure release pore area; 13, costal groove; 14, pressure relief vent; 15, ∏ shape slitting; 101, footing; 102, non-dismantling formwork; 103, body of wall.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described in detail.Iting is noted that following illustrating is all exemplary, being intended to the invention provides further instruction.Except as otherwise noted, all Science and Technology terms that the present invention uses have the identical meanings usually understood with the technical field of the invention personnel.

The one-body molded construction method in a kind of house of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:

S1: by cast footing 101 after conventional construction method excavation, the layout of footing 101 as shown in Figure 1, mainly be arranged at each metope and (comprise exterior wall, interior wall) node and the centre of load bearing wall, described footing 101 comprises base 1, column 2, L shape screw rod 3, steel plate 4, wherein base 1 and column 2 are integrally poured into a mould by concrete and are formed, L shape screw rod 3 is equidistantly formed on base 1 with in column 2 in advance along column 2 periphery, and top stretches out in column 2, bottom is towards being outwards distributed in base 1, described steel plate 4 is through the upper surface being arranged at column 2 after the top free ends of L shape screw rod 3, as Fig. 3, shown in 4,

S2: the both sides spot welding non-dismantling formwork 102 of column 2 between adjacent footing 101, lays schematic diagram as indicated with 2, lays reinforcing bar, then arranges fluid concrete between non-dismantling formworks 102 two, complete collar tie beam between the two row's non-dismantling formworks 102 formed;

S3: after terrace arranges, lays post (shaped steel), beam (shaped steel) and floor (fold-line-shaped steel plate) with Steel Structure Installation, installs non-dismantling formwork 102 at the both sides metope of exterior wall steel work;

S4: by collar tie beam, terrace, Stall wall, two floors, second floor wall ..., from lower to upper, continuous cast-in-place concrete is until bind.

In described step S2, S3, non-dismantling formwork 102 is formed through integrated punching by steel plate, described non-dismantling formwork 102 is spaced by costal groove band 11 and pressure release pore area 12 and forms, the intermediate lateral of described costal groove band 11 is provided with a costal groove rearwardly caved in 13 (for fixing with steel work), described pressure release pore area 12 is provided with the pressure relief vent 14 of matrix arrangement, after described relief hole 14 goes out a ∏ shape otch by mould punching, the middle part of ∏ shape slitting 15 is rearwardly recessed to form.The thickness of described steel plate is 0.1-0.3 millimeter.The concrete structure of non-dismantling formwork 102 as illustrated in figs. 5-7.

The non-dismantling formwork 102 being arranged on metope outside exterior wall in described step S3 is soaked with insulating moulding coating for surface heat or is sprayed with the steel plate of insulating moulding coating.

While post, beam and floor are laid, also carry out the laying of stair in described step S3, in described step S4, continuous cast-in-place concrete also comprises the cast to stair.

The above, be only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from core technology of the present invention, can also make improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should belong to scope of patent protection of the present invention.Any change in the implication suitable with claims of the present invention and scope, all should think to be included in the scope of claims.

Claims (5)

1. the one-body molded construction method in house, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
S1: pour into a mould footing (101) by after conventional construction method excavation, described footing (101) comprises base (1), column (2), L shape screw rod (3), steel plate (4), wherein base (1) and column (2) are integrally poured into a mould by concrete and are formed, L shape screw rod (3) is equidistantly formed on base (1) with in column (2) in advance along column (2) periphery, and top stretches out in column (2), bottom is towards being outwards distributed in base (1), the upper surface of column (2) is arranged at after the top free ends of described steel plate (4) through L shape screw rod (3),
S2: the both sides spot welding non-dismantling formwork (102) of column (2) between adjacent footing (101), lays reinforcing bar between two rows' non-dismantling formwork (102) formed, then fluid concrete, completes collar tie beam;
S3: after terrace arranges, lays post, beam and floor with Steel Structure Installation, installs non-dismantling formwork (102) at the both sides metope of steel work exterior wall;
S4: by collar tie beam, terrace, Stall wall, two floors, second floor wall ..., from lower to upper, continuous cast-in-place concrete is until bind.
2. the one-body molded construction method in house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described step S2, in S3, non-dismantling formwork (102) is formed through integrated punching by steel plate, described non-dismantling formwork (102) is spaced by costal groove band (11) and pressure release pore area (12) and forms, the intermediate lateral of described costal groove band (11) is provided with a costal groove rearwardly caved in (13), described pressure release pore area (12) is provided with the pressure relief vent (14) of matrix arrangement, after described relief hole goes out a ∏ shape otch by mould punching, the middle part of ∏ shape slitting (15) is rearwardly recessed to form.
3. the one-body molded construction method in house according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the thickness of described steel plate is 0.1-0.3 millimeter.
4. the one-body molded construction method in house according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the non-dismantling formwork (102) being arranged on metope outside exterior wall in described step S3 is soaked with insulating moulding coating for surface heat or is sprayed with the steel plate of insulating moulding coating.
5. the one-body molded construction method in house according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the laying also carrying out stair in described step S3 while post, beam and floor are laid, in described step S4, continuous cast-in-place concrete also comprises the cast to stair.
CN201510492417.9A 2015-08-12 2015-08-12 Method for integrally forming and building houses CN105178427B (en)

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CN105178427B CN105178427B (en) 2017-05-10

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105822123A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-03 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Damage resisting device capable of protecting indoor space in collapse of house
CN105839972A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-10 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Internal reinforcing structure for preventing earthquake from damaging indoor space
CN105863356A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-17 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Indoor anti-seismic building device
CN105888349A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-24 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Indoor reinforcing structure capable of resisting collapsed building ruin burying
CN105909030A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-31 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Anti-collapse device for internal space of induced-collapse building

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09189132A (en) * 1996-01-10 1997-07-22 Tokyu Constr Co Ltd Fixing method of column base for steel frame column
CN102195119A (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-21 上海轩惠通讯科技有限公司 Base apparatus of satellite television receiving antenna
CN102505846A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-06-20 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Steel pipe column bearing table girder connection construction method
CN203403681U (en) * 2013-08-08 2014-01-22 中铁建设集团有限公司 Temporary supporting frame of string beam
CN103590486A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-19 北京中瑞成信生态科技股份有限公司 Anti-seismic energy saving three-dimensional mortise and tenon joint net fixing one-piece cast building structure and construction method
CN103850433A (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-06-11 深圳市特辰科技股份有限公司 Aluminium alloy building formwork

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09189132A (en) * 1996-01-10 1997-07-22 Tokyu Constr Co Ltd Fixing method of column base for steel frame column
CN102195119A (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-21 上海轩惠通讯科技有限公司 Base apparatus of satellite television receiving antenna
CN102505846A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-06-20 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Steel pipe column bearing table girder connection construction method
CN103850433A (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-06-11 深圳市特辰科技股份有限公司 Aluminium alloy building formwork
CN203403681U (en) * 2013-08-08 2014-01-22 中铁建设集团有限公司 Temporary supporting frame of string beam
CN103590486A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-19 北京中瑞成信生态科技股份有限公司 Anti-seismic energy saving three-dimensional mortise and tenon joint net fixing one-piece cast building structure and construction method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105822123A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-03 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Damage resisting device capable of protecting indoor space in collapse of house
CN105839972A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-10 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Internal reinforcing structure for preventing earthquake from damaging indoor space
CN105863356A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-17 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Indoor anti-seismic building device
CN105888349A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-24 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Indoor reinforcing structure capable of resisting collapsed building ruin burying
CN105909030A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-31 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Anti-collapse device for internal space of induced-collapse building
CN105839972B (en) * 2016-06-01 2018-03-16 广东弘信建设有限公司 A kind of earthquake-proof destroys the internal reinforcing structure of the interior space

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