CN105171765A - Translational clamping arm based on PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) control - Google Patents

Translational clamping arm based on PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) control Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105171765A
CN105171765A CN201510678844.6A CN201510678844A CN105171765A CN 105171765 A CN105171765 A CN 105171765A CN 201510678844 A CN201510678844 A CN 201510678844A CN 105171765 A CN105171765 A CN 105171765A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plc
slide blocks
clamping limb
slide block
clamping arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510678844.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐靖岚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuxi Qingyang Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wuxi Qingyang Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuxi Qingyang Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Wuxi Qingyang Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510678844.6A priority Critical patent/CN105171765A/en
Publication of CN105171765A publication Critical patent/CN105171765A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a translational clamping arm based on PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) control. A PLC is used for controlling the amplitude of a swinging angle and the swinging frequency of a swing motor; an output shaft of the swing motor is connected with a plate-shaped crankshaft, wherein the plate-shaped crankshaft can rotate as the output shaft of the swing motor rotates; two ends, in the diameter direction, of the plate-shaped crankshaft, are connected with side links through hinges; the side links rotate relative to the plate-shaped crankshaft; two ends of the two side links are correspondingly connected with slide blocks through the hinges, and the slide blocks rotate relative to the side links; two track rods are correspondingly welded on a rack housing to be fixed; two through holes are formed in the slide blocks and pass through the two track rods, so that the slide blocks can stably slide on a track. The clamping arm is welded to the slide blocks, and the two slide blocks can relatively move to drive the clamping arm to relatively move so as to clamp a clamping object; when the two slide blocks are separated, the object is released by the clamping arm, and thus the action of clamping the object is finished.

Description

A kind of translation clamping limb controlled based on PLC
Technical field
The present invention relates to automation of machinery manufacture field, particularly a kind of translation clamping limb controlled based on PLC.
Background technology
In recent years along with the development manipulator of industrial automation becomes an emerging subject gradually, and obtain and develop faster.The industry-by-industries such as manipulator is widely used in forging and stamping, punching press, casting, welding, assembling, machine add, spray paint, heat treatment.Particularly in heaviness, high temperature, the work situation that poisonous, dangerous, radioactivity, many dust etc. are severe, manipulator is subject to special attention due to its significant advantage.In a word, manipulator is raised labour productivity, and improves working conditions, and alleviates labor strength and the important means realizing industrial production automation, all take much count of its application and development both at home and abroad.
Industry mechanical arm is generally used for the loading and unloading of heating furnace, forging machine tool or press machine and the transmission of workpiece, comprising the intermediate transport of multi-station punch.In weapons manufacture, manipulator also plays its effect day by day.Finish forge gun tube: the handling equipment that the GFM rotary swaging machine of processing gun tube adopts is exactly the industrial tip of a twig, tool hand, and it fetches gun tube blank from conveyer belt, sends in chuck, cartridge device is walked blank to be placed between tup in orbit and is carried out swaging.After having forged, then with industry mechanical arm, gun tube is shed from chuck, be put on conveyer belt.These actions can automatically be carried out, and cartridge device also can Artificial Control.
Heat rushes heavy caliber body: the heavy caliber body automatic heating of French Sai Musi company rushes on production line, is furnished with five industry mechanical arms, and punching press, pulling and lubrication are all automatically carried out.First feeding manipulator can capture the weight of 100kg, and grabbing workpiece from the bin that forcing press is other, rotates 135 °, delivered to by blank in the first station impression.Second position rotating mechanical hand, delivers to the second station from the first station feeding, a fire punching twice.3rd position rotating mechanical hand, takes out workpiece after punching and outwells oxide skin, deliver to drawing machine from the impression of the second station.Two other lubricating machinery hand, facing to the lubricant that heat punching two station graphite spraying mix with machine oil.
Due to the manufacturing develop rapidly of IT, the price of hardware is more and more lower.The design of hardware, integrated be connected with network also more and more simpler and convenient.Shared by industrial automation system hardware components, cost ratio constantly declines, along with the dcs based on PC and Fieldbus Products become the main product of control device, configuration trend standard and the unification more gradually of various industrial automation system.And the application software of industrial automation system, because control accuracy requires more and more higher, the industrial process of many complexity requires to realize automatically controlling, and the value of software can be more and more higher.The application software of industrial automation system is closely related with the technique of controlled device, has the feature of industry.Development will become the technological core of whole system, be who has grasped software in the focus of this field market competition.Some companies produce the common hardware being suitable for industrial automation system in a large number, and more company commercially purchases these hardware products oneself system integrated, contracts automation engineering with own development.Some large-scale and oversized company is the hardware supplier on market, is again the contractor of big-and-middle-sized automation engineering.
In system arrangement, electrical equipment is arranged on each switchgear house and motor control center respectively, and number of fitting parts is many, and the information handling task that perform is huge, and maintenance work also relative complex.It is compared with hot systems, and the frequency of electrical equipment operation is low, and some system equipments are when maintenance normally runs, and time that can be even longer through several months operates once again; Protective device required for electrical equipment requires high, and quick action, a protection act will complete usually within 40ms.The constructive mechanism of electrical equipment itself has the feature that interlock logic is comparatively simple, operating mechanism is complicated, and control mode also mainly station service electrical system, the monitoring of its capital equipment needs to access DCS system, if two systems are run together, the maintenance of a system must not affect the operation of another system, therefore, need the pattern of consideration two unit DCS electrical control, ensure the stability controlled.According to the main feature of electrical equipment, we know, when building ECS, its system architecture, are the keys guaranteeing system high reliability with the networking mode of DCS.Except ensureing the normal operation of system, when also will guarantee to run, the accuracy of various data processing and information, proposes corresponding emergency measure simultaneously, guarantees that electrical system can be run under best state.
Along with the progress in epoch, the world starts to enter the new technology revolution epoch.In the process utilizing information, what first will solve will obtain information accurately and reliably exactly, in modern industry production process, carrys out the whole production process of monitoring and controlling by various automation equipment, enable each equipment present optimum state in the course of the work, produce best product.Therefore, do not have the development of electric automatization, modern production also just loses foundation.Along with the industrialized arrival of China, the information age arrives one step ahead, if we do not realize industrialization, that informationization just more can not complete, because information and industrialization have inseparable relation.Certainly, also can not go Information of Development more very well first industrialization development again, do our development speed only can be made to become slower like this.So informationization develops by industrial automation exactly together with industrialization.Greatly develop fourth industry Electric automation technology, both can it have worked as help to conventional industries, informationalized development can be accelerated again, to realize the electric comprehensive industrialization of China.Therefore, electrical industry automation realizes industrialization and informationalized fundamental policy as China, must become the most important thing of China's industry.At present, China has achieved the mechanization of industry substantially, what industrial electrification should realize emphatically is automation, the conventional industries of China should lean on industrial automation technology to equip with arms, technological process automation means control appliance can be utilized, thus the industrialization Automation Construction of China is achieved.Certainly, because basis that is information-based and management automation is all computer, software, network and information technology, so their core technology is identical, so developing industry automatic technology can promote the realization of electrical industry, also informationalized development can be driven.
Under normal conditions, high-tech mainly computer, software and the information technology that relate to of industrial automation.Along with the develop rapidly of Internet technology and information technology, this new high-tech technology will the reform of promoting enterprise management further, more promotes the development of China's electric automatization.In China, how industrial electric automation was developed and be more preferably the matter of utmost importance will done from now on.
A successful automated system be unable to do without general network structure.The network structure of any enterprise must be ensured for the data communication between equipment control, monitor system, enterprise management system is unblocked.After data are added and housekeeping terminates, network communication configuration to be carried out to centre management machine and other communication managers, so that system can co-ordination, transmission correct data.The application of virtual reality technology and video processing technique, produces directly impact by the automated production in future.
The industrialization of China does not also realize completely, the tide of world information just arrives, we can not cross over industrialization and go to realize informationization, industrial automation is exactly information-based and industrialized binding site, we will pay close attention to the development trend of domestic and international electric automatization advanced technology, Innovation and development is continued, for the great-leap-forward development of the electric automatization cause of China is made contributions under the prerequisite of advanced technology, economical rationality in conjunction with domestic actual conditions.Therefore, developing industry automatic technology can promote industrialized realization thus progressively shorten the gap between developed country.
Countries in the world all take much count of the application and development of industry mechanical arm.The investigation and application of manipulator still belongs to the starting stage in China, just demonstrates many special advantages, presents wide application prospect.For industry mechanical arm from now at the application and development of China, following work is carried out in suggestion:
1, strengthen experiment and the fundamental research of manipulator basic property, overcome and solve manufacturing technology and other Problems existing.
2, change current manipulator and be used for cold worked situation, for heaviness, high temperature, poisonous, high dust, the severe work situation such as inflammable and explosive, dull, planned, apply and develop multiple manipulator step by step, in work such as casting, forge, weld and spray paint.
3, robot movement speed is improved.Especially the manipulator in punching press industry is applied to, to adapt to the needs boosting productivity and meet productive temp.Research and solve movement velocity and buffering, the location technology of manipulator.
4, Importing Foreign Advanced Technology, the training know-how talent, universal manipulator relevant knowledge.
5, the production and supply problem of the modular in design of manipulator, fixed point, quantitatively production and auxiliary equipment is solved as soon as possible, modernization (CAD/CAM) during propelling machinery hand manufactures and designs, standardization, seriation work, to meet the demand of domestic and international market.
Summary of the invention
Industrial production automation technology high speed development in recent years, improve the industrial labor productivity of modernization, while China's industrial production and mechanical manufacturing field fast development, also very many-sided deficiency is had, as not high in captured precision, mechanism's redundancy, efficiency is not high, easily breaks down, and maintenance is inconvenient etc., therefore, the object of the invention is to propose a kind of translation clamping limb controlled based on PLC, it is high that this clamping limb captures precision, and mechanism is simple, the mechanical device that efficiency is more traditional has a distinct increment, simultaneously easy to maintenance.
For reaching this object, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
Based on the translation clamping limb that PLC controls, comprising: 1, frame shell, 2, track, 3, oscillating motor, 4, dish type bent axle, 5, track, 6, side link, 7, slide block.
The present invention is achieved in that as shown in Figure 1.
Oscillating motor controls its pivot angle amplitude and frequency by PLC, the output shaft of oscillating motor is connected with dish type bent axle, dish type bent axle rotates along with the output shaft rotation of oscillating motor, at the diametric(al) two ends of dish type bent axle, as shown in Figure 1, be connected with side link by hinge, the relative dish type bent axle of side link rotates, equally, the two ends of two side links are also connected with slide block respectively by hinge, and the relative side link of slide block also rotates.Two track rods is welded on frame shell fixing respectively.Slide block has two through holes, and through hole passes two track rods, the slip in orbit that such slide block can be stable.As shown in the figure, clamping limb welds with slide block, and the relative motion of such two slide blocks makes clamping limb relative motion, and to clamp clipped object part, when two slide blocks are separated, clamping limb unclamps object.Thus the gripping action completed object.The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, structure is simple, and efficiency is high, captures precision high, is convenient to detachable maintaining.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the translation clamping limb that the specific embodiment of the invention provides.
Wherein number in the figure is as follows:
1, frame shell, 2, track, 3, oscillating motor, 4, dish type bent axle, 5, track, 6, side link, 7, slide block.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme of the present invention is further illustrated by detailed description of the invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, oscillating motor controls its pivot angle amplitude and frequency by PLC, the output shaft of oscillating motor is connected with dish type bent axle, and dish type bent axle rotates along with the output shaft rotation of oscillating motor, at the diametric(al) two ends of dish type bent axle, as shown in Figure 1, be connected with side link by hinge, the relative dish type bent axle of side link rotates, equally, the two ends of two side links are also connected with slide block respectively by hinge, and the relative side link of slide block also rotates.Two track rods is welded on frame shell fixing respectively.Slide block has two through holes, and through hole passes two track rods, the slip in orbit that such slide block can be stable.As shown in the figure, clamping limb welds with slide block, and the relative motion of such two slide blocks makes clamping limb relative motion, and to clamp clipped object part, when two slide blocks are separated, clamping limb unclamps object.Thus the gripping action completed object.The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, structure is simple, and efficiency is high, captures precision high, is convenient to detachable maintaining.

Claims (3)

1., based on the translation clamping limb that PLC controls, comprise frame shell, track, oscillating motor, dish type bent axle, track, side link, slide block, is characterized in that, oscillating motor is connected with dish type bent axle, and bent axle is moved along with the motion of oscillating motor.
2. a kind of translation clamping limb controlled based on PLC according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, dish type bent axle and side link are hinged, the rotational movement side link of dish type bent axle, side link and slide block are connected through the hinge, and side link makes slide block along guide rail moving linearly.
3. a kind of translation clamping limb controlled based on PLC according to claim 1, clamping limb is separately fixed on two slide blocks, moves along with the motion of slide block, and the relative motion of slide block makes clamping limb clamping article, otherwise clamping limb unclamps object.
CN201510678844.6A 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 Translational clamping arm based on PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) control Pending CN105171765A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510678844.6A CN105171765A (en) 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 Translational clamping arm based on PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) control

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510678844.6A CN105171765A (en) 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 Translational clamping arm based on PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) control

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105171765A true CN105171765A (en) 2015-12-23

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03178794A (en) * 1989-12-04 1991-08-02 Fanuc Ltd Robot hand for holding circular body
CN202367609U (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-08-08 常州好迪机械有限公司 Manipulator claw
CN103192378A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-07-10 李月芹 Stacking robot
CN203063008U (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-07-17 福建华橡自控技术股份有限公司 Tire shaper vulcanizer mechanical gripper
CN203843843U (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-09-24 上海瓦科自动化设备有限公司 Automatic loading manipulator for long boards

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03178794A (en) * 1989-12-04 1991-08-02 Fanuc Ltd Robot hand for holding circular body
CN202367609U (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-08-08 常州好迪机械有限公司 Manipulator claw
CN203063008U (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-07-17 福建华橡自控技术股份有限公司 Tire shaper vulcanizer mechanical gripper
CN103192378A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-07-10 李月芹 Stacking robot
CN203843843U (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-09-24 上海瓦科自动化设备有限公司 Automatic loading manipulator for long boards

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