CN105159797A - Oracle database based backup and recovery method - Google Patents

Oracle database based backup and recovery method Download PDF

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CN105159797A
CN105159797A CN 201510537941 CN201510537941A CN105159797A CN 105159797 A CN105159797 A CN 105159797A CN 201510537941 CN201510537941 CN 201510537941 CN 201510537941 A CN201510537941 A CN 201510537941A CN 105159797 A CN105159797 A CN 105159797A
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backup
file
application
server
client
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CN 201510537941
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CN105159797B (en )
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郎松涛
黄存胜
秦操
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浪潮通用软件有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses an oracle database based backup and recovery method. The specific implementation process comprises: performing initialization and starting an execution step; exporting a backup file and a checking file of the backup file; importing and checking the backup file and the checking file of the backup file; and importing the backup file. Compared with the prior art, the oracle database based backup and recovery method provided by the invention effectively ensures security, integrity, liability, and confidentiality during data circulation between networks, and is widely applicable and easy for spreading.

Description

一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法 One way oracle database backup and recovery based on

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及数据备份与恢复技术领域,具体地说是一种实用性强、基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a technical field of data backup and recovery, particularly strong, practical availability, oracle database based backup and recovery methods.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 当前大型生产系统大多部署在基于客户端、应用服务器、数据库服务器三层企业应用架构中。 [0002] The current large-scale production systems are mostly deployed on the client, application server, database server, three-tier enterprise application architecture. 传统的oracle数据库备份与恢复,是由数据库管理员在数据库服务器上,设定计划任务或者手动操作的方式,来实现备份与恢复。 Traditional oracle database backup and recovery, is the way by the database administrator on the database server, set a scheduled task or manually operated, for backup and recovery.

[0003] 在一些对特殊的行业中,对密级要求很高,要求把数据库的导入与导出由数据库服务器延伸到桌面。 [0003] In some special industries, for dense demanding, and requires the introduction of the database exported by the database server to the desktop extension. 这些单位中存在多种密级不同的网络,各个网络间彼此物理隔离,各网络中的应用系统采用三层架构独立部署。 There are many different units of these dense networks, each network between the physically separated from each other, each network application architecture uses three independent deployment. 各个网络环境中对生产用客户端机器能够安装的软件严格控制,在预制的操作系统中,不能安装生产系统以外的软件。 Software environment for each network client machine production strict control can be installed in the pre-operating system, the software can not be installed outside the production system. 应用服务器中基于.net框架的IIS的权限不能做任何更改,以确保应用服务器的安全。 Application server based on the permissions of the IIS .net framework can not make any changes to ensure the security of the application server. 数据库服务器中对数据库用户权限严格把控,仅提供一个非DBA权限的镜像库用户。 Strictly control the database server to the database user privileges, only the image library user a non-DBA authority.

[0004] 基于此,现提供一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,进而有效确保备份文件的安全性、完整性、可靠性、保密性。 [0004] Based on this, it is to provide an oracle database backup and recovery method based on so as to effectively ensure the security, integrity, reliability, security and backup files.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的技术任务是针对以上不足之处,提供一种实用性强、基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法。 [0005] The technical task of the present invention is to solve the above deficiencies, to provide a strong practicability, based oracle database backup and restore.

[0006] —种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,其具体实现过程为: [0006] - methods oracle database based backup and recovery, a specific implementation process:

510:初始化并启动执行步骤; 510: initializes and starts executing step;

511:导出备份文件以及备份文件的校验文件; 511: Export backup file and check the backup file;

512:导入及校验备份文件以及备份文件的校验文件; 512: introduction and verification of the backup file and the backup file checksum;

513:对备份文件进行导入。 513: The backup file for import.

[0007] 所述初始化步骤为: [0007] The initialization steps of:

1)在连接数据导出数据库服务器的应用服务器上,即源端服务器上安装与oracle服务端相匹配的oracle客户端; 1) on an application server connected to the database server to export the data, i.e., the source end of the service installation and matching oracle oracle server client side;

2)在连接数据导入数据库服务器的应用服务器上,即目标端服务器上安装与oracle服务器端相匹配的oracle客户端; 2) in the connection data into the database server, an application server, installing the oracle oracle server end and client end matching the target-end server;

3)在源端对应的应用服务器中部署计划任务:该计划任务作用为备份源数据库,并加密压缩; 3) deployed in the application server corresponding to the source program tasks: the task program function as the source database backup, compression and encryption;

4)在目标端对应的应用服务器中部署计划任务:该计划任务作用调度应用服务器上独立部署的应用程序。 4) deployment plan in the application server tasks corresponding to the target-side: The application program on the role of task scheduling application server for standalone deployment.

[0008] 所述初始化步骤中,源端的应用服务器上的计划任务方式包括:对源数据库定期备份、加密压缩到指定目录、删除7天之前的备份文件压缩包;目标端应用服务器上的计划任务方式包括:调度指定应用程序轮询导库指令。 [0008] In the initialization step, scheduled tasks embodiment the source application server comprising: a source database regular backups, encrypted and compressed to the specified directory, delete the backup file 7 days prior to the compressed packet; scheduled tasks on the target end of the application server include: polling schedule specifies the application library instruction guide.

[0009] 在步骤Sll中,通过源端的应用程序客户端,下载数据库备份文件,并生成备份文件校验文件。 [0009] In step Sll, the client application by the source terminal, download the database backup file, backup file is generated and the verification document.

[0010] 所述步骤Sll中,客户端备份文件的导出,采用下载方式完成,该下载方式具体为:文件保存目录指定权限任何人不能访问,然后通过应用程序读取文件的方式,形成流,在客户端写文件;文件下载到客户端以后,生成该文件的校验文件。 [0010] In the step Sll, the client backup file export, is accomplished using the download, the download method specifically: file directory permissions specify any person can not access, and how the file read by the application, the stream formed, client write files; later file downloaded to the client, to generate the file checksum file.

[0011] 在步骤S12中,通过目标端的应用程序客户端,上传数据库备份文件,并依据源端导出备份文件校验文件,对上传的备份文件进行校验。 [0011] In the step S12, by application clients on the target side, the database backup files to upload, and export a backup file checksum files based on the source of backup files uploaded for verification.

[0012] 步骤S13中,通过目标端的应用程序客户端操作,对上传到应用服务器端的备份文件进行解压,清空镜像库数据对象,导入。 [0012] step S13, the application files uploaded to the backup server through the client application decompression operation target side, clear image library data objects, import.

[0013] 在步骤S13中,在目标端的应用服务器中,实现备份文件的解压,备份文件恢复成镜像库;同时客户端机器控制应用服务器中的应用软件,采用客户端生成加密后的操作命令,应用服务端以计划任务方式调度一个独立的应用程序解密指令,根据指令类型,调度相应的exe,从而实现备份文件加密压缩包的解密,以及镜像库恢复。 [0013] In step S13, the target side of the application server, to achieve decompression of the backup file, backup file is restored to the image library; and the client machine control application server application software, using the operation command after the client generates an encrypted, program tasks application server in a manner independent of the scheduling application decryption instruction, according to the instruction type, exe appropriate scheduling, thereby realizing encrypted compressed backup file decryption, the image library and recovery.

[0014] 本发明的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,具有以下优点: [0014] A method of the present invention oracle database backup and recovery based on, has the following advantages:

该发明的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,有效解决基于客户端、应用服务器、数据库服务器三层企业应用架构中,无法在客户端进行oracle数据库的日常备份与恢复的问题;有效保证网络间数据流转时,备份文件的安全性、完整性、可靠性、保密性,实用性强,适用范围广泛,易于推广。 One such invention oracle database backup and recovery method based on an effective solution based on the client, application server, database server, three-tier enterprise application architecture, oracle database can not be backed up daily with the problem of recovery of the client; effectively ensure network time data transfer, security, backup files, completeness, reliability, confidentiality, practical, wide range of application, easy to spread.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 附图1为本发明的实现流程图。 [0015] Figure 1 is flow chart for implementing the present invention.

[0016] 附图2为实施例中数据流向示意图。 [0016] Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of a data flow embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 下面结合具体实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 [0017] The following embodiments in conjunction with specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

[0018] 本发明的提供一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,特别是.net技术框架体系下,通过应用程序客户端操作应用服务器实现数据库服务器中oracle库的备份与还原的方法。 [0018] The present invention provides a method of oracle database backup and recovery based on particular technical framework .net, Backup and Restore methods oracle database server library by the client application operating application server. 如附图1所示,其具体实现过程为: As shown in Figure 1, the specific implementation process is as follows:

510:初始化并启动执行步骤; 510: initializes and starts executing step;

511:备份文件以及备份文件的校验文件的导出; 511: backup files and verify export documents backup files;

512:备份文件以及备份文件的校验文件的导入及校验; 512: import the backup file and the backup file and the checksum of the file;

513:对备份文件的导入。 513: Import of backup files.

[0019] 在步骤SlO中,初始化以下步骤: [0019] In step SlO, the initialization steps of:

1)在连接数据导出数据库服务器的应用服务器上安装与oracle服务端相匹配的oracle客户端; 1) Installation and service end matching oracle oracle client application on the server is connected to export data in the database server;

2)在连接数据导入数据库服务器的应用服务器上安装与oracle服务器端相匹配的oracle客户端; 2) Installation oracle oracle server end and client end in the matching data into the database server connected to the application server;

3)源端对应的应用服务器中部署计划任务。 3) application server source corresponding deployment plan task. 该计划任务作用,备份源数据库,并加密压缩; The action plan task, the source database backup, encryption and compression;

4)目标端对应的应用服务器中部署计划任务。 4) target application server-side tasks corresponding to the deployment plan. 该计划任务作用,调度应用服务器上独立部署的应用程序。 The role of scheduled tasks, scheduling applications on the application server for standalone deployment.

[0020] 所述初始化步骤中,源端的应用服务器上的计划任务方式包括:对源数据库定期备份、加密压缩到指定目录、删除7天之前的备份文件压缩包;目标端应用服务器上的计划任务方式包括:调度指定应用程序轮询导库指令。 [0020] The initialization step, scheduled tasks embodiment the source application server comprising: a source database regular backups, encrypted and compressed to the specified directory, delete the backup file 7 days prior to the compressed packet; scheduled tasks on the target end of the application server include: polling schedule specifies the application library instruction guide.

[0021] 在步骤Sll中,通过源端的应用程序客户端,下载数据库备份文件,并生成备份文件校验文件。 [0021] In step Sll, the client application by the source terminal, download the database backup file, backup file is generated and the verification document.

[0022] 备份文件以及备份文件的校验文件的导出。 [0022] Export backup files and check files backup files. 进一步说明,客户端备份文件的导出,是采用“下载”的方式。 Further instructions to export the client backup file is to use the "Download" approach. 这里的下载不同于.net技术体系下一般的下载。 .Net downloaded here is different from the general technical system downloads. 考虑到备份文件的文件访问权限控制,该文件保存目录没有配置成为虚拟目录,发布URL地址的方式,提供下载。 Taking into account the backup file access control, save the file directory mode is not configured to be a virtual directory, publishing URL addresses, available for download. 而是采用,文件保存目录指定权限任何人不能访问,然后通过应用程序读取文件的方式,形成流,在客户端写文件。 Instead of using, specify the directory to save the file permissions anyone can access, how the file is then read by the application form stream, writing in the client file. 考虑到备份文件的规模以及可用性,5G以下文件提供下载,并且支持断点续传。 Given the size and the availability of backup files, 5G following file available for download, and support for HTTP. 文件下载到客户端以后,生成该文件的校验文件。 After the file is downloaded to the client, to generate the file checksum file.

[0023] 在步骤S12中,通过目标端的应用程序客户端,上传数据库备份文件,并依据源端导出备份文件校验文件,对上传的备份文件进行校验。 [0023] In the step S12, by application clients on the target side, the database backup files to upload, and export a backup file checksum files based on the source of backup files uploaded for verification. 防止在文件导出,导入的中间环节,文件被篡改。 Prevent file export, import of intermediate links, files were tampered with.

[0024] 进一步说明。 [0024] further explanation. 技术角度,防止备份文件的导入与导出环节被篡改,是通过校验文件来实现的。 Technically, to prevent the backup file import and export part has been tampered with, by checking the file is achieved. 导出环节,下载备份文件到客户端,并生成该文件的校验文件。 Export links, download a backup file to the client, and generate file checksum of the file. 导入环节,是通过特定规则校验该备份文件以及校验文件是否匹配。 Import link is checking whether the backup file and check the file by matching specific rules. 信息匹配则允许导入。 It is allowed to import information matches. 文件的导入,也是基于文件流的读写,支持5G以内文件大小的断点续传。 Import file, the file is read based on the flow, within 5G support HTTP file size.

[0025] 在步骤S13中,通过目标端的应用程序客户端操作,对S12上传到应用服务器端的备份文件解压,清空镜像库数据对象,导入。 [0025] In step S13, the client application operating on the target side, of S12 to upload a file backup application server decompressed image library empty data objects, import.

[0026] 进一步说明。 [0026] further explanation. 出于安全保密角度,备份文件的解压也是在应用服务器上。 For security and confidentiality point of view, extract the backup file is in use on the server. 目标端的应用服务器中,实现备份文件的解压,备份文件恢复成镜像库。 End of the target application server, the realization of extracting backup file and restore backup files to the image library. 这里客户端机器控制应用服务器中的应用软件,.net技术框架下,需要开放应用服务器下IIS的一些权限。 Here the client machine control application server application software, .net technical framework needed to open up some authority under the IIS application server. 出于应用服务器安全性的考虑,采用客户端生成加密后的操作命令,应用服务端计划任务方式调度一个独立的应用程序解密指令,根据指令类型,调度相应的exe,从而实现备份文件加密压缩包的解密,以及镜像库恢复等。 For security reasons the application server, using the operation command after the client generates encryption, application server scheduled tasks scheduled a manner independent of the application decryption instruction, according to the type of instruction, the corresponding exe scheduling, enabling the backup file encryption archive decryption, and image library recovery.

[0027] 实施实例说明:在某行业存在网络密级不同的内外网。 [0027] Embodiment examples illustrate: Different dense network and external network in an industry. 某ERP系统在内外网中分别基于三层架构独立部署。 An ERP system inside and outside the network are based on three-tier architecture deployed independently. 网络间数据流转方式如附图2所示。 Inter-network data transfer means such as shown in Figure 2. 非涉密网中,备份,压缩加密,下载,校验文件生成。 Non-classified network, backup, compression and encryption, download, check file generation. 非涉密网与涉密网间,刻盘,木马病毒查杀,文件摆渡。 Non-classified network to the classified network, dials, killing the Trojan virus, file ferry. 内网,备份文件校验上传,文件解压缩,恢复镜像库。 Network, verify backup files to upload, extract the files, restore the image library.

[0028] 外网应用服务器上,通过制定计划任务备份,加密压缩,删除指定时间段之前的备份文件。 [0028] on the extranet application server, through the development of a scheduled task backup, encryption, compression, delete the backup files before the specified time period.

[0029] 内网ERP客户端上,通过配置导库的必要信息,形成解压缩指令以及导库指令。 The [0029] network ERP client, the necessary information through repository arranged guide, and the guide form decompressed instruction command libraries. 内网应用服务器上,独立部署一个应用程序,通过计划任务调度,固定时间间隔判断指令文件是否生成,指令文件存在则,解密操作指令,调用应用服务器端相应的应用程序。 The network application server to deploy a separate application, task scheduling by scheduling, fixed time interval is determined whether an instruction file generation instruction file exists, the decryption operation command, the application calls the appropriate server application. 从而实现文件解压,以及镜像库恢复。 In order to achieve the file extraction, recovery and image library.

[0030] 上述具体实施方式仅是本发明的具体个案,本发明的专利保护范围包括但不限于上述具体实施方式,任何符合本发明的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法的权利要求书的且任何所属技术领域的普通技术人员对其所做的适当变化或替换,皆应落入本发明的专利保护范围。 [0030] The above specific embodiments are merely specific cases of the present invention, the scope of protection of the present invention include, but are not limited to the specific embodiments of the present invention meet any of claim oracle database based backup and recovery methods of claims and any person skilled in the art suitable for its replacement or change made, are intended to fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,其特征在于,其具体实现过程为: 510:初始化并启动执行步骤; 511:导出备份文件以及备份文件的校验文件; 512:导入及校验备份文件以及备份文件的校验文件; 513:对备份文件进行导入。 An oracle database backup and recovery methods based on, characterized in that the specific implementation process of: 510: initializes and starts executing step; 511: Export backup file and the backup file checksum; 512: introduction and verification the backup file and the backup file verification document; 513: backup file import.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,其特征在于,所述初始化步骤为: 1)在连接数据导出数据库服务器的应用服务器上,即源端服务器上安装与oracle服务端相匹配的oracle客户端; 2)在连接数据导入数据库服务器的应用服务器上,即目标端服务器上安装与oracle服务器端相匹配的oracle客户端; 3)在源端对应的应用服务器中部署计划任务:该计划任务作用为备份源数据库,并加密压缩; 4)在目标端对应的应用服务器中部署计划任务:该计划任务作用调度应用服务器上独立部署的应用程序。 According to one of the claims 1 oracle database backup and recovery methods based on, wherein said initializing step is: 1) connected to the data lead-in on the application server database server, i.e., the source server and mounting oracle oracle client end service matching; 2) on an application server connected to the data into the database server, i.e. a server installation and end matching oracle oracle client server on the destination side; 3) on the application server corresponding to the source deployment scheduled tasks: the task program function as the source database backup, compression and encryption; 4) application deployment task program corresponding to the target-side server: the application program on the task scheduling application server acting independently deployed.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,其特征在于,所述初始化步骤中,源端的应用服务器上的计划任务方式包括:对源数据库定期备份、加密压缩到指定目录、删除7天之前的备份文件压缩包;目标端应用服务器上的计划任务方式包括:调度指定应用程序轮询导库指令。 According to one of the claims 2 oracle database backup and recovery methods based on, characterized in that, said initializing step, the scheduled tasks on the way the source application server comprising: regular backups of the source database, the encrypted and compressed specified directory, delete the backup files seven days before the archive; scheduled tasks on the way to the target server-side applications including: scheduling application that polls the specified library instruction guide.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2或3所述的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,其特征在于,在步骤Sll中,通过源端的应用程序客户端,下载数据库备份文件,并生成备份文件校验文件。 4. In accordance with one 2 or claim 3 oracle database backup and recovery methods based on, wherein, in the step Sll, the client application by the source terminal, download the database backup file, and backup file is generated parity file.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,其特征在于,所述步骤Sll中,客户端备份文件的导出,采用下载方式完成,该下载方式具体为:文件保存目录指定权限任何人不能访问,然后通过应用程序读取文件的方式,形成流,在客户端写文件;文件下载到客户端以后,生成该文件的校验文件。 5. According to one of claim 4 oracle database backup and recovery methods based on, wherein, in the step Sll, the client backup file export, is accomplished using the download, the download method is specifically: File Save specify the directory permissions anyone can access, how the file is then read by the application form stream, writing in the client file; download the file to the client after checking the files are generated.
  6. 6.根据权利要求2或3所述的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,其特征在于,在步骤S12中,通过目标端的应用程序客户端,上传数据库备份文件,并依据源端导出备份文件校验文件,对上传的备份文件进行校验。 6. In accordance with one 2 or claim 3 oracle database backup and recovery methods based on, wherein, in the step S12, the client application by the target terminal, database backup file uploading, according to the backup source and export file checksum files, backup files uploaded to verify.
  7. 7.根据权利要求2或3所述的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,其特征在于,步骤S13中,通过目标端的应用程序客户端操作,对上传到应用服务器端的备份文件进行解压,清空镜像库数据对象,导入。 7 according to one of claim 2 or claim 3 oracle database backup and recovery methods based on, wherein, in the step S13, the operation target application client end, application files uploaded to the backup server decompress empty image library data objects, import.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的一种基于oracle数据库备份及恢复的方法,其特征在于,在步骤S13中,在目标端的应用服务器中,实现备份文件的解压,备份文件恢复成镜像库;同时客户端机器控制应用服务器中的应用软件,采用客户端生成加密后的操作命令,应用服务端以计划任务方式调度一个独立的应用程序解密指令,根据指令类型,调度相应的exe,从而实现备份文件加密压缩包的解密,以及镜像库恢复。 7, according to one of the claims oracle database backup and recovery methods based on, wherein, in the step S13, the target side of the application server, to achieve decompression of the backup file, backup file is restored to the image library; while the client machine control application server application software, using the operation command after the client generates encrypted, the server to schedule tasks manner scheduling a standalone application decryption instruction, according to the instruction type, the corresponding exe scheduling, thereby realizing the backup file archive encryption decryption, and image library recovery.
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