CN105157060A - One kind of turbine combustor - Google Patents

One kind of turbine combustor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105157060A
CN105157060A CN201410249724.XA CN201410249724A CN105157060A CN 105157060 A CN105157060 A CN 105157060A CN 201410249724 A CN201410249724 A CN 201410249724A CN 105157060 A CN105157060 A CN 105157060A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
heating resistor
turbine
turbine combustion
combustion
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410249724.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡晋青
Original Assignee
胡晋青
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 胡晋青 filed Critical 胡晋青
Priority to CN201410249724.XA priority Critical patent/CN105157060A/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2015/076820 external-priority patent/WO2015180540A1/en
Publication of CN105157060A publication Critical patent/CN105157060A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a turbine combustion chamber, and particularly to a turbine combustion chamber in which temperature controlled homogeneous combustion technology is used. The turbine combustion chamber comprises a combustion chamber housing, a fireproof heat insulation layer, a heating resistor, a fuel gas mixture inlet, a heating resistor power end and a heating resistor grounding end. The turbine combustion chamber is characterized in that the turbine combustion chamber is internally provided with the spiral heating resistor and furthermore the direction of the fuel gas mixture inlet is vertical with that of the heating resistor. The turbine combustion chamber provided by the technical solution can realize homogeneous combustion of the fuel gas mixture and controllable combustion temperature in the turbine combustion chamber, thereby reducing amount of generated nitrogen oxide.

Description

一种透平燃烧室 One kind of turbine combustor

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及透平燃烧室,是一种采用控温均燃技术的透平燃烧室。 [0001] The present invention relates to a combustion turbine, a combustion turbine uses both temperature combustion techniques.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,透平燃烧室都是采用火焰筒方案的燃烧技术,其缺点是由于火焰中心温度高,容易产生氮氧化物。 [0002] Currently, a combustion turbine combustor are technical solutions liner, the drawback is due to the high temperature flame center, prone to nitrogen oxides. 而氮氧化物在自然条件下不易分解,形成雾霾后危害人类健康。 Difficult to decompose the nitrogen oxides under natural conditions, the formation of haze hazard to human health.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明提供了一种燃烧温度可控并且燃烧工质能够均匀燃烧的透平燃烧室,可以降低透平机尾气的氮氧化物排放。 [0003] The present invention provides a controlled combustion temperature and combustor capable of working fluid homogeneous combustion turbine combustor, turbine exhaust can reduce nitrogen oxide emissions.

[0004] 本发明的技术方案是,在透平燃烧室内放置螺旋形状的加热电阻,使得燃料混合气进入燃烧室后能够充分雾化实现均匀燃烧。 [0004] aspect of the present invention, the heating resistors are placed in a spiral shape turbine combustion chamber, so that the air-fuel mixture can be sufficiently uniform spray into the combustion chamber after combustion.

[0005] 燃料混合气进口方向与螺旋形状的加热电阻相垂直,使得燃烧气流在燃烧室内按湍流方式上升,增大燃料分子与加热电阻的碰撞概率,亦有利于实现均质燃烧。 [0005] Heat resistance and fuel mixture inlet direction perpendicular to the spiral shape, so that the combustion gas stream in the combustion chamber rises by a turbulent manner to increase the probability of collision of the fuel molecules and the heating resistor, it can help to achieve homogeneous combustion. 燃烧室内壁铺设有耐火保温层,以减少热量损失。 Laying the inner wall of the combustion chamber with a refractory insulation to minimize heat loss.

[0006] 透平机低负荷工作时,通过提高加热电阻的电流,使得燃烧室内温度高于稀燃料混合气的起燃温度,实现稀薄燃烧。 [0006] When the turbine is low load operation, the current increase through the heating resistor, so that the combustion chamber temperature is higher than a lean fuel mixture ignition temperature, to achieve a lean burn. 透平机中高负荷工作时,若燃烧室内温度高于1500K,可以减小加热电阻的电流和加大燃料混合气的空燃比,使得燃烧室内温度可控。 When the high load operation of the turbine, the combustion chamber when the temperature is higher than 1500K, the current and the heating resistor can be reduced to increase the air-fuel mixture, the combustion chamber temperature control.

[0007] 本发明的技术效果是,采用上述技术方案可以实现燃料混合气能够在透平燃烧室内均匀燃烧而且燃烧温度可控,以减少氮氧化物的产生。 [0007] The technical effect of the present invention, the above technical scheme can realize homogeneous combustion of the fuel mixture and the combustion temperature can be controlled in a turbine combustion chamber to reduce the generation of nitrogen oxides. 它所使用的燃烧工质既可以是汽油、柴油等石化燃料,也可以是乙醇、生物柴油等可再生能源燃料。 Combustion substance used it may be either gasoline, diesel and other fossil fuels, may be ethanol, biodiesel and other renewable fuels. 它还可以将不稳定的风力和太阳能发电能量通过加热电阻转化为热能,以减少燃料的消耗,也即可以实现混合动力输出。 It may be unstable wind and solar energy into thermal energy by the heating resistor, to reduce fuel consumption, i.e. the hybrid output can be achieved.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 附图是燃烧室的结构图,并作摘要附图。 [0008] The accompanying drawings is a block diagram of the combustion chamber, and to summarize the drawings.

[0009] 在图中,1.燃烧室外壳、2.耐火保温层、3.加热电阻、4.燃料混合气进口、5.加热电阻电源端、6.加热电阻接地端。 [0009] In the drawings, a combustion chamber housing, 2 fire-resistant insulation layer, 3 heating resistor, 4. fuel mixture inlet, 5 heating resistor power supply terminal 6. Ground heating resistor.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0010] 下面结合附图实施例对本发明进一步说明。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION Example embodiments of the present invention is further [0010] below in conjunction.

[0011] 如图中所示,燃烧室外壳⑴内壁铺设有耐火保温层(2),以减少热量损失。 [0011] As shown, the inner wall of the combustor casing ⑴ laying a refractory insulation (2), in order to reduce heat loss. 在透平燃烧室内居中放置一个螺旋形状的加热电阻(3),加热电阻接地端(6)通过螺栓与燃烧室外壳(I)连接接地,加热电阻电源端(5)和加热电阻接地端(6)布置在靠近燃料混合气进口(4)的低温区。 A heating resistor placed centrally helical shape (3), a ground terminal of the heating resistor (6) connected to the combustion chamber in a turbine with the combustor casing by a bolt to ground (the I) the heating resistor supply terminal (5) and the ground terminal of the heating resistor (6 ) is disposed in the low temperature region close to the fuel mixture inlet (4). 燃料混合气进口(4)与螺旋形状的加热电阻(3)相垂直,使得燃烧气流在燃烧室内按湍流方式上升,增大燃料分子与加热电阻(3)的碰撞概率,使得燃料混合气进入燃烧室后能够充分雾化实现均匀燃烧。 Heating resistor fuel mixture inlet (4) with a spiral shape (3) with a vertical, such that by rising combustion gas stream in the combustion chamber in a turbulent manner to increase the probability of collision of the fuel molecules and the heating resistor (3), so that the fuel mixture into the combustion after the spray chamber can be sufficiently homogeneous combustion is realized.

[0012] 透平机低负荷工作时,通过提高加热电阻(3)的电流,使得燃烧室内温度高于稀燃料混合气的起燃温度,实现稀薄燃烧。 [0012] When the low-load operation of the turbine, by increasing the heating current resistor (3), so that the combustion chamber temperature is higher than a lean fuel mixture ignition temperature, to achieve a lean burn. 透平机中高负荷工作时,若燃烧室内温度高于1500K,可以减小加热电阻(3)的电流和加大燃料混合气的空燃比,使得燃烧室内温度可控。 When the high load operation of the turbine, the combustion chamber when the temperature is higher than 1500K, can reduce the heating resistor (3) increase the current air-fuel ratio of the fuel mixture, the combustion chamber temperature control.

Claims (1)

1.一种透平燃烧室,包括燃烧室外壳、耐火保温层、加热电阻、燃料混合气进口、加热电阻电源端和加热电阻接地端,其特殊之处是:在透平燃烧室内放置螺旋形状的加热电阻并且燃料混合气进口方向与加热电阻相垂直。 1. A combustion turbine including a combustor casing, refractory insulation, heat resistance, fuel mixture inlet, a heating resistor power supply terminal and a ground terminal of the heating resistor, whose special features are: a spiral shape is placed in a turbine combustion chamber the heating resistor and the fuel mixture inlet direction perpendicular to the heating resistor.
CN201410249724.XA 2014-05-30 2014-05-30 One kind of turbine combustor CN105157060A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410249724.XA CN105157060A (en) 2014-05-30 2014-05-30 One kind of turbine combustor

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CN201410249724.XA CN105157060A (en) 2014-05-30 2014-05-30 One kind of turbine combustor
PCT/CN2015/076820 WO2015180540A1 (en) 2014-05-30 2015-04-16 Combustion gas turbine

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CN105157060A true CN105157060A (en) 2015-12-16

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4528811A (en) * 1983-06-03 1985-07-16 General Electric Co. Closed-cycle gas turbine chemical processor
DE3822191A1 (en) * 1988-07-01 1990-01-04 Hubert Dipl Ing Blaschke Method and device for the pyrolysis-free combustion of liquid fuels under low air pressure
CN1075189A (en) * 1991-12-23 1993-08-11 通用电气公司 Head start partial premixing for reducing oxides of nitrogen emissions in gas turbine combustors
CN1380493A (en) * 2001-04-10 2002-11-20 朱俊杰 Direct-jet heating device and its special-purpose electroheating tube
CN101722503A (en) * 2008-10-28 2010-06-09 喜利得股份公司 Fuel driven fastening tool
CN102679396A (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-09-19 西门子公司 Gas turbine combustor
CN203907669U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-10-29 胡晋青 One kind of turbine combustor

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4528811A (en) * 1983-06-03 1985-07-16 General Electric Co. Closed-cycle gas turbine chemical processor
DE3822191A1 (en) * 1988-07-01 1990-01-04 Hubert Dipl Ing Blaschke Method and device for the pyrolysis-free combustion of liquid fuels under low air pressure
CN1075189A (en) * 1991-12-23 1993-08-11 通用电气公司 Head start partial premixing for reducing oxides of nitrogen emissions in gas turbine combustors
CN1380493A (en) * 2001-04-10 2002-11-20 朱俊杰 Direct-jet heating device and its special-purpose electroheating tube
CN101722503A (en) * 2008-10-28 2010-06-09 喜利得股份公司 Fuel driven fastening tool
CN102679396A (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-09-19 西门子公司 Gas turbine combustor
CN203907669U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-10-29 胡晋青 One kind of turbine combustor

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