CN105157036B - Multifunctional high speed incinerator - Google Patents

Multifunctional high speed incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105157036B
CN105157036B CN201510641010.8A CN201510641010A CN105157036B CN 105157036 B CN105157036 B CN 105157036B CN 201510641010 A CN201510641010 A CN 201510641010A CN 105157036 B CN105157036 B CN 105157036B
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pipe
multifunctional
decoking
rotary disk
oxygenating
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CN105157036A (en
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洪知瑜
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洪知瑜
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Abstract

The invention belongs to waste incinerator technical field, it is related to multifunctional high speed incinerator, body of heater lower ending opening is arranged on rotary disk basement, the decoking bell placed in the middle for carrying exhaust opening is provided with upper end open, rotating disk is provided with the rotary disk basement of body of heater inner chamber, rotating disk is driven by motor, lower grey passage is provided between turntable periphery and furnace wall, intracavitary is sequentially formed with ash cooling zone from down to up in body of heater, primary combustion zone, secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone and cooling decoking area, the intake stack of rotary disk basement and rotating disk is provided through on the downside of rotary disk basement, once oxygenating pipe is set in the side wall of primary combustion zone, piston type feeding mechanism and secondary oxygenating pipe are provided with the side wall of secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone, cold wind blast pipe is communicated with the side wall or/and decoking bell in cooling decoking area, advantage is:Integrate combustion refuse, cracking waste gas, devoke, it is simple in construction, the energy is saved, production cost is low, suitable for garbage incineration equipment.

Description

Multifunctional high speed incinerator
Technical field
The invention belongs to waste incinerator technical field, refers in particular to a kind of multifunctional high speed incinerator.
Background technology
At present, after the general use of garbage disposal is first burnt away the refuse with waste incinerator, then the caused waste gas that will burn away the refuse Introduce in pyrolysis furnace and carry out cracking processing, such as the B of Chinese patent CN 102072491 are disclosed《One kind has ceramic new energy The garbage incinerator device of production system》, it is by tampered ceramic roasting kiln, waste incinerator, pyrolysis furnace and spraying Tower and its dedusting, smoke evacuation system combination are connected, and it is disadvantageous in that:First, burnt away the refuse caused waste gas by waste incinerator Introduce cracking in pyrolysis furnace and use longer pipeline and two sets of bodies of heater, the cost height of manufacturing equipment;Second, the life of hold facility It is big to produce place;Third, the heat consumption of waste gas course of conveying is big, the energy of formation cracking temperature consumption is big in pyrolysis furnace, production Cost is high.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of multifunctional high speed incinerator.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
Multifunctional high speed incinerator, the body of heater lower ending opening of tubular are arranged on rotary disk basement, residence are provided with upper end open In carry the decoking bell of exhaust opening, the rotating disk of taper is provided with the rotary disk basement of body of heater inner chamber, rotating disk is by being arranged on rotary disk basement The motor driving of downside, is provided through the lower ash that rotary disk basement connects with screw rod ash hoist between the turntable periphery of taper and furnace wall Passage, intracavitary is sequentially formed with ash cooling zone, primary combustion zone, secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone and drop from down to up in body of heater Temperature devokes area, and rotary disk basement is provided through on the downside of rotary disk basement and connects body of heater inner chamber by outlet aperture uniform on rotating disk Intake stack, an oxygenating pipe of promising primary combustion zone oxygenating is set in the side wall of primary combustion zone, and secondary high-temperature burning is split Piston type feeding mechanism is provided with Xie Qu side wall and the secondary oxygenating pipe for cracking zone oxygenating of being burnt for secondary high-temperature, cooling remove The cold wind blast pipe in connection cooling decoking area is evenly equipped with Jiao Qu side wall or/and decoking bell.
Above-mentioned motor via reducer driving rotating disk rotates or described motor is reducing motor.
Oxygenating pipe is communicated with above-mentioned intake stack.
An above-mentioned oxygenating pipe is circumferentially evenly equipped with more than three on furnace wall.
Above-mentioned secondary oxygenating pipe is circumferentially evenly equipped with more than three on furnace wall.
The concrete structure of above-mentioned screw rod ash hoist is:The lower grey passage set down on rotary disk basement and the spiral shell laterally set One end side wall of the transverse tube of bar ash hoist is connected, and the rotating shaft with bearings in transverse tube end walls, rotating shaft are provided with transverse tube On be provided with helical blade, rotating shaft drives its rotation by motor, ash hole is provided with the lower wall of the transverse tube other end.
The concrete structure of above-mentioned piston type feeding mechanism is:It is tiltedly installed with the side wall of secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone Feed pipe, loading hopper is provided with the upper side wall of feed pipe, the outer end of feed pipe is fixed with cylinder, and the piston rod of cylinder is stretched Enter in feed pipe and be connected with pushing piston in piston rod end;Or the outer end of feed pipe is fixed with motor, motor driving silk Mother rotates and then drives the screw rod being screwed onto on screw to stretch into feed pipe and be connected with pushing piston in screw rod end.
The above-mentioned feed pipe that is tiltedly installed with is:The axis of feed pipe, into the inclination angle of 20-40 degree, is fed with horizontal line Down, the other end is connected with the side wall of secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone for the outer end of pipe.
Above-mentioned cold wind blast pipe has more than 20, and the cold wind blast pipe of more than 20 is circumferentially distributed on cooling decoking In the side wall in area and on decoking bell.
The specific installation site of the above-mentioned cold wind blast pipe of more than 20 is:There is the cold wind blast pipe week of more than ten To being distributed in the side wall in cooling decoking area, the cold wind blast pipe for having more than ten is circumferentially distributed on decoking bell.
The present invention is prominent and beneficial compared with prior art to be had the technical effect that:
1st, it is characteristic of the invention that rubbish is without needing to ferment, it is not required that vexed solution, by directly burning after simply broken, Burning velocity is more than ten times of ordinary combustion mode.
2nd, it is substantially lime with the Waste volume weight reduction after combustion refuse of the present invention than big, after waste incineration, can To continue to use as other products.
3rd, using waste gas caused by primary combustion, oxygenation realizes that second-time burning forms cracking to the present invention again in a body of heater Temperature cracks to waste gas, because the cracking temperature is the temperature heightened on the basis of temperature caused by primary combustion, phase The energy than forming cracking temperature consumption in single pyrolysis furnace is small, saves the energy.
4th, the present invention is covered with tubule on bell or/and in the upside side wall of body of heater, inputs the clean cold sky of 5kg pressure Gas, cooling and solidifying is diluted to the flue gas flying dust for being up to thousand degree or so so that waste gas or first combustion refuse after combustion refuse Waste gas and the flying dust noncoking of Pintsch process formation are carried out again to combustion refuse again, so as to reach decoking or prevent the mesh of coking 's.
5th, the present invention uses pure oxygen burning, and cost is cheap, and combustion process can be big with quantity of heat production, and caused heat can separately make it With.
6th, the present invention integrates combustion refuse, cracking waste gas, devoked, simple in construction, saves the energy, and production cost is low, Suitable for garbage incineration equipment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the principle schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the screw rod ash extractor mechanism principle schematic of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the principle schematic diagram of the piston type feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Embodiment
With specific embodiment, the invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 3:
Multifunctional high speed incinerator, the body of heater lower ending opening of tubular are set on rotating disk 13 12, in upper end open There is a placed in the middle decoking bell 28 for carrying exhaust opening 23, the rotating disk 13 of taper, rotating disk are provided with the rotating disk of body of heater inner chamber 13 12 13 motor by being arranged on the downside of rotary disk basement 12 is driven, and rotary disk basement 12 is provided through between the periphery of rotating disk 13 of taper and furnace wall The lower grey passage 25 connected with screw rod ash hoist 26, intracavitary is sequentially formed with ash cooling zone 29, once from down to up in body of heater Combustion zone 14, secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone 18 and cooling decoking area 20, the downside of rotary disk basement 12 is provided through rotary disk basement 12 And the intake stack 11 of body of heater inner chamber is connected by outlet aperture uniform on rotating disk 13, set in the side wall of primary combustion zone 14 Oxygenating pipe 15 of the promising oxygenating of primary combustion zone 14, it is provided with piston type and enters in the side wall of secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone 18 Expect mechanism 24 and the secondary oxygenating pipe 17 for the oxygenating of cracking zone 18 of being burnt for secondary high-temperature, cooling devoke the side wall in area 20 or/and removed Be evenly equipped with coke oven lid 28 connection cooling decoking area 20 cold wind blast pipe 22,21, described body of heater by upside charging body of heater 19 are formed by connecting with the burner block 16 of downside by ring flange 30.
The above-mentioned driving rotating disk 13 of motor via reducer 27 rotates or described motor is reducing motor.
Oxygenating pipe 10 is communicated with above-mentioned intake stack 11.
An above-mentioned oxygenating pipe 15 is circumferentially evenly equipped with more than three on the furnace wall of burner block 16.
Above-mentioned secondary oxygenating pipe 17 is circumferentially evenly equipped with more than three on the furnace wall of charging body of heater 19.
The concrete structure of above-mentioned screw rod ash hoist 26 is:The lower grey passage 25 set down on rotary disk basement 12 is with laterally setting Side wall inner chamber on the upside of one end of the transverse tube 261 for the screw rod ash hoist 26 put connects, and is provided with transverse tube 261 and is existed with bearings Rotating shaft 262 in the end walls of transverse tube 261, helical blade 263 is provided with rotating shaft 262, rotating shaft 262 drives its turn by motor 264 It is dynamic, it is provided with ash hole 265 in the lower wall of the other end of transverse tube 261.
The concrete structure of above-mentioned piston type feeding mechanism 24 is:Tilt and set in the side wall of secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone 18 Feed pipe 244 is equipped with, loading hopper 241 is provided with the upper side wall of feed pipe 244, the outer end of feed pipe 244 is fixed with gas Cylinder 245, the piston rod 243 of cylinder 245 stretch into feed pipe 244 and are connected with pushing piston 242 in the end of piston rod 243;Or The outer end of feed pipe 244 is fixed with motor, and motor driving screw rotates and then drives the screw rod being screwed onto on screw to extend into Pushing piston is connected with expects pipe 244 and in screw rod end.
The above-mentioned feed pipe 244 that is tiltedly installed with is:The axis of feed pipe 244 and horizontal line are into the inclinations angle of 20-40 degree A, it is 30 degree that the present invention, which sets inclination angle A (the also referred to as elevation angle), and down, the other end burns with secondary high-temperature for the outer end of feed pipe 244 The side wall connection of cracking zone 18, so can prevent cigarette ash is counter to fill.
Above-mentioned cold wind blast pipe 22,21 has more than 20, and the cold wind blast pipe 22,21 of more than 20 is circumferential uniform In the side wall in cooling decoking area 20 and on decoking bell 28, cold wind blast pipe 22,21 will regard the size of body of heater and pressure of compressed air Depending on;Body of heater is big, cold air pressure hour should set cold wind blast pipe 22,21 more;Cold wind air intake can be set when body of heater is small, cold air pressure is big less Pipe 22,21.
The specific installation site of the cold wind blast pipe 22,21 of above-mentioned more than 20 is:The cold wind for having more than ten enters Airduct 21 is circumferential to be distributed in the side wall in cooling decoking area 20, has the cold wind blast pipe 22 of more than ten is circumferential to be distributed on except coke oven On lid 28.
The operation of the present invention:
Material (rubbish) by piston type charger enter burner block 16 after, in the presence of an oxygenating of oxygenating pipe 15 Start conflagration in primary combustion zone 14, current burning is referred to as primary combustion;During primary combustion, rotating disk is slow in body of heater Rotate, the material in body of heater can be driven slowly to wriggle so that material is evenly distributed in body of heater, helps ventilate oxygenation, combustion Burning and lower ash.
Tail gas enters in the intermediate zone 18 of feed furnace body after lifting temperature with primary combustion, in the base of primary combustion Violent second-time burning is carried out in the case of secondary oxygenating pipe 17 again oxygenating on plinth, the temperature of second-time burning is up to more than 1,000 Degree, so as to form the Pintsch process to waste gas, so can both handle rubbish, can handle waste gas again;Under normal circumstances, it is high The cost of anneal crack solution waste gas is very high, and the present invention forms second-time burning using secondary oxygenating and produces more than 1400 cracking temperatures spent It is most economical, most reliable for cracking waste gas;
Meet other tube walls all containing Jiao largely melted and high temperature flying dust, these high temperature materials in flue gas after second-time burning It can be bonded thereto, for slagging prevention, be covered with tubule on decoking bell or/and in the upside side wall of charging body of heater, input 5kg The clean cold air of pressure, being diluted cooling and solidifying to being up to the flue gas flying dust spent 1,000 more, coking is prevented so as to reach Purpose;
Cooling layer of the lime formed after waste incineration under burning zone is gradually cooled in what air pressure and lime in stove were conducted oneself with dignity The lower lower grey passage into rotating disk of effect, body of heater is sent subsequently into screw rod ash hoist.
Above-described embodiment is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not limited the scope of the invention according to this, therefore:It is all according to The equivalence changes that structure, shape, the principle of the present invention is done, all should be covered by within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. multifunctional high speed incinerator, it is characterised in that:The body of heater lower ending opening of tubular is arranged on rotary disk basement, in upper end open The decoking bell placed in the middle for carrying exhaust opening is provided with, the rotating disk of taper is provided with the rotary disk basement of body of heater inner chamber, rotating disk is by setting Motor driving on the downside of rotary disk basement, rotary disk basement is provided through between the turntable periphery of taper and furnace wall and is connected with screw rod ash hoist Logical lower grey passage, intracavitary is sequentially formed with ash cooling zone from down to up in body of heater, primary combustion zone, secondary high-temperature burning are split Xie Qu and cooling devoke area, and rotary disk basement is provided through on the downside of rotary disk basement and connects stove by outlet aperture uniform on rotating disk The intake stack of intracoelomic cavity, an oxygenating pipe of promising primary combustion zone oxygenating, secondary height are set in the side wall of primary combustion zone Piston type feeding mechanism and the secondary oxygenating for secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone oxygenating are provided with the side wall of temperature burning cracking zone Pipe, cooling, which devokes, is evenly equipped with connection cooling decoking area's cold wind blast pipe in the side wall or/and decoking bell in area.
2. multifunctional high speed incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described motor via reducer driving Rotating disk rotates or described motor is reducing motor.
3. multifunctional high speed incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Benefit is communicated with described intake stack Oxygen pipe.
4. multifunctional high speed incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:A described oxygenating pipe is on furnace wall Circumferentially it is evenly equipped with more than three.
5. multifunctional high speed incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described secondary oxygenating pipe is on furnace wall Circumferentially it is evenly equipped with more than three.
6. multifunctional high speed incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The specific knot of described screw rod ash hoist Structure is:The lower grey passage set down on rotary disk basement connects with one end side wall of the transverse tube of the screw rod ash hoist laterally set, horizontal The rotating shaft in transverse tube end walls with bearings is provided with pipe, is provided with helical blade in rotating shaft, rotating shaft is driven by motor It is rotated, and ash hole is provided with the lower wall of the transverse tube other end.
7. multifunctional high speed incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The tool of described piston type feeding mechanism Body structure is:Secondary high-temperature burning cracking zone side wall on be tiltedly installed with feed pipe, be provided with the upper side wall of feed pipe into Funnel, the outer end of feed pipe are fixed with cylinder, and the piston rod of cylinder is stretched into feed pipe and is connected with piston rod end Pushing piston;Or the outer end of feed pipe is fixed with motor, motor driving screw rotates and then driven the spiral shell being screwed onto on screw Bar stretches into feed pipe and is connected with pushing piston in screw rod end.
8. multifunctional high speed incinerator according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Described is tiltedly installed with feed pipe It is:The axis of feed pipe is with horizontal line into the inclination angle of 20-40 degree, and down, the other end fires with secondary high-temperature for the outer end of feed pipe Burn the side wall connection of cracking zone.
9. the multifunctional high speed incinerator according to any one of claim 1-8, it is characterised in that:Described cold wind air intake Pipe has more than 20, and the cold wind blast pipe of more than 20 is circumferentially distributed in the side wall in cooling decoking area and decoking bell On.
10. multifunctional high speed incinerator according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The described cold wind of more than 20 The specific installation site of blast pipe is:The cold wind blast pipe for having more than ten is circumferentially distributed in the side wall in cooling decoking area, is had The cold wind blast pipe of more than ten is circumferentially distributed on decoking bell.
CN201510641010.8A 2015-09-30 2015-09-30 Multifunctional high speed incinerator Active CN105157036B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105157036B true CN105157036B (en) 2017-11-24

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105841165B (en) * 2016-06-06 2018-11-23 百色瑞成科技有限责任公司 A kind of waste incinerator
CN105864786B (en) * 2016-06-06 2019-07-09 江苏海建股份有限公司 A kind of waste incinerator
CN105864788B (en) * 2016-06-06 2019-05-03 南通飞跃重型工程设备制造有限公司 A kind of waste incinerator
CN105864785B (en) * 2016-06-06 2018-11-23 百色瑞成科技有限责任公司 A kind of waste incinerator
CN105972607B (en) * 2016-06-06 2018-11-23 百色瑞成科技有限责任公司 A kind of waste incinerator

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1038212A (en) * 1996-07-19 1998-02-13 Nippon Steel Corp Waste heat boiler structure attached to waste thermal decomposing furnace
CN2322046Y (en) * 1997-12-17 1999-06-02 严亨远 Refuse incinerator
CN201648336U (en) * 2010-01-14 2010-11-24 王光军 Rotary furnace disc structure of a multifunctional gasifying furnace
CN204962777U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-13 洪知瑜 Burning furnace is burnt to multi -functional high speed

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