CN105155278A - Anti-crease finishing liquid and anti-crease finishing method for real silk shell fabric - Google Patents

Anti-crease finishing liquid and anti-crease finishing method for real silk shell fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105155278A
CN105155278A CN201510624069.6A CN201510624069A CN105155278A CN 105155278 A CN105155278 A CN 105155278A CN 201510624069 A CN201510624069 A CN 201510624069A CN 105155278 A CN105155278 A CN 105155278A
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China
Prior art keywords
crease
crease finishing
finishing liquid
fabric
finishing
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CN201510624069.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡永展
宫怀瑞
马志
徐良平
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Luolai Home Textile Co Ltd
Shanghai Luolai Home Textile Co Ltd
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Luolai Home Textile Co Ltd
Shanghai Luolai Home Textile Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510624069.6A priority Critical patent/CN105155278A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses anti-crease finishing liquid. The anti-crease finishing liquid is prepared from 80-120 g/L of water soluble polyurethane, 20-40 g/L of chitosan, 30-60 g/L of softening agent, 10-30 g/L of powerful protective agent, 14-18 g/L of catalyst and 1-3 g/L of penetrant with the total volume of the anti-crease finishing liquid as the benchmark. Real silk shell fabric finished through the anti-crease finishing liquid and method continues to keep good breathability, moisture permeability, smoothness and draping performance and has excellent appearance flatness and comfort.

Description

A kind of anti-crease finishing method of anti-crease finishing liquid and silk fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of textile treating agent and textiles post-processing approach, be specifically related to a kind of anti-crease finishing method of anti-crease finishing liquid and silk fabric.
Background technology
Contain amino acid in 18 in protein fibre fibroin, form similar to human body skin structure, therefore silk fabric is often described as " Second Skin ", wears true silk products, allows people feel there is a kind of irreplaceable comfort.Because the fibrous fraction of its uniqueness, can health care be played to skin and therapeutic action be played to some dermatopathies.
But there is not chemical crosslinking between the protein macromolecule due to real silk, when silk fiber water suction swelling, sat linkage ruptures, and meanwhile, during hygrometric state, hydrone destroys the hydrogen bond between the large molecule of fiber, therefore when being subject to External Force Acting, strand is easy to Relative sliding occurs, and when external force is removed, intermolecular do not have again enough restraining forces to make it be returned to original position, this makes the real silk fabric wrinkle resistance that wets very poor, greatly have impact on the practical function of fabric.This is a critical defect of real silk fabric, brings inconvenience to the use of silk, is therefore necessary to carry out anti-crease finishing to real silk fabric.
Anti-crease finishing method for real silk in prior art is also on the books, as the domestic applications number patent of invention that is 2013103402577 discloses a kind of anti-crease finishing technique of silk fabric, relate to fabric Crease-Resist Finishing Technology field, this technique comprises the following steps: by each component preparation crease proofing agent of olefin acid quasi-oligomer, formic acid, catalyst, silicone softening agent and water; In bath raio 1:(25 ~ 30), at temperature 20 ~ 30 DEG C, silk fabric two leachings two in containing the dressing liquid of crease proofing agent are rolled, pick-up 85 ~ 90%, by the silk fabric preliminary drying 3 ~ 5min after padding, then at 140 ~ 150 DEG C, cure 1 ~ 2min, use the hot water wash of 40 ~ 50 DEG C successively, 20 ~ 25 DEG C of washings, dry at 70 ~ 80 DEG C and obtain the silk fabric after arranging.The crease-shedding finishing agent low in raw material price used in this technical scheme, not containing formaldehyde components, economic environmental protection, anti-crease finishing technique is simple to operation, and the silk fabric after arranging has good crease recovery energy and strength retention, and wrinkle resistance is good.But because it has the feel that silicone oil softener affects silk fabric, and affect its hydrophilicity.
Summary of the invention
The shortcoming of prior art in view of the above, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of anti-crease finishing method of crease-shedding finishing agent and silk fabric, affects fabric feel and the not good problem of wrinkle resistance to overcome anti-crease finishing method in prior art.
In order to reach foregoing invention object and other objects, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of anti-crease finishing liquid, in the cumulative volume of described anti-crease finishing liquid for benchmark, described anti-crease finishing liquid comprises following raw material components and content:
Preferably, described soluble polyurethane is that model to be selected from Nano-PU and PU-new one or both.
Preferably, the number-average molecular weight of described shitosan is 1.6 × 10 4~ 1.7 × 10 4.
Preferably, described softener is selected from model is one or both in TEXILONESP and Hi-Soft40.
Preferably, described strong protecting agent is selected from one or both in FINETEXPES and PEP.
Preferably, described catalyst is selected from MgCl 2or one or both in sodium hypophosphite.
Preferably, the model of described bleeding agent is 230N.Described 230N is polyoxyethylene linear alkyl ether.
The invention also discloses a kind of anti-crease finishing method of silk fabric, for adopting as power anti-crease finishing liquid described above carries out padding finishing, then prebake successively, bake, wash water, oven dry and moisture regain.
More preferably, in the cumulative volume of cleaning solution for benchmark, the addition of described bleeding agent is 2 ~ 4g/L.
Preferably, two leachings two are adopted to roll in padding finishing operation.
Preferably, the pick-up in described padding finishing operation is 70 ~ 80wt%.
Preferably, the temperature of prebake is 80 ~ 120 DEG C.Preferably, the time of prebake is 2 ~ 4min.
Preferably, the temperature baked is 150 ~ 180 DEG C, and the time of baking is 3 ~ 5min.
The present invention makes full use of the characteristic that soluble polyurethane and chitosan molecule contain great amount of hydroxy group, amino isoreactivity group, guarantees the reaction chance that on its and protein macromolecule, active group is higher, increases crosslinking degree, lifting wrinkle resistance.The present invention takes full advantage of soluble polyurethane and can give than the better feel of silicone oil softener simultaneously and not affect hydrophilic advantage, while improving non-ironing smooth appearance degree, gives hydrophily and the feel of fabric excellence; The present invention utilizes soluble polyurethane can the characteristic of self-crosslinking film forming, improves the anti-wear performance after fabric anti-crease finishing;
Adopt method in the present invention, as carried out flatiron process to silk fabric, get damp again after process certain hour, gives the stronger feel of fabric and brute force; The present invention makes full use of after washing operation, gives product better hygroscopicity, and then improve its snugness of fit by adding a certain amount of bleeding agent in water lotion.
Silk fabric after application the inventive method arranges continues to keep good ventilative, moisture-inhibiting, smooth and draping property, gives smooth appearance and the comfortableness of such fabric excellence simultaneously.
The anti-crease finishing method of anti-crease finishing liquid disclosed in the present invention and silk fabric overcomes many disadvantages of the prior art and creative.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by way of specific instantiation, embodiments of the present invention are described, those skilled in the art the content disclosed by this description can understand other advantages of the present invention and effect easily.The present invention can also be implemented or be applied by detailed description of the invention different in addition, and the every details in this description also can based on different viewpoints and application, carries out various modification or change not deviating under spirit of the present invention.
Soluble polyurethane described in the embodiment of the present invention is that model to be selected from Nano-PU and PU-new one or both.Described Nano-PU is produced by Tuo Na trade (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., and described PU-new is that BASF China produces.
It is one or both in TEXILONESP and Hi-Soft40 that softener described in the embodiment of the present invention is selected from model.TEXILONESP is produced by Malaysian De Jian Chemical Co., Ltd.; Hi-Soft40 is produced by the advanced industry Science and Technology Ltd. in Hangzhou.
The 230N of bleeding agent described in the present invention is produced by Malaysian De Jian Chemical Co., Ltd..
Described in the embodiment of the present invention, strong protecting agent is selected from one or both in FINETEXPES and PEP.PES and PEP is a kind of polyethylene kind lubricant, as moral builds the FINETEXPES of Malaysian company, and the PEP of BASF.
Embodiment 1:
Fabric selected by the present embodiment is real silk quilt cover fabric, and fabric is: the bleached cotton fabric of 22D/2*22D/3110*48 piece/inch.
The formula of anti-crease finishing liquid is:
Soluble polyurethane Nano-PU consumption 80g/L; Chitosan dosage 40g/L; Strong protecting agent FINETEXPES consumption 30g/L; Softener TEXILONESP consumption 60g/L; Bleeding agent 230N consumption 2g/L; Catalyst MgCl 2consumption 10g/L, catalyst sodium hypophosphite 7g/L.
Adopt the above-mentioned crease-shedding finishing agent in the present embodiment to carry out crease-resistant process to above-mentioned silk fabric, concrete technology is as follows:
Silk fabric two leachings two in anti-crease finishing liquid are rolled, and pick-up is 80%;
Preliminary drying 2min at 120 DEG C of temperature;
Then at 160 DEG C of temperature, 4min is baked;
By the fabric cooling baked, after cooling, the aqueous solution put into containing 4g/L bleeding agent 230N washs completely, and bath raio is 1:20, wash water 10min at 40 DEG C of temperature, dehydration is also dried under 50 DEG C ~ 60 DEG C conditions, and get damp again the fabric after oven dry under constant temperature and humidity condition 30min.
Crease-shedding real silk facing material after arrangement is soft, smooth appearance, and the test result of index of correlation is as follows:
Embodiment 2
Silk fabric selected by the present embodiment is: 22D/2*22D/4110*46 weaves cotton cloth.
Soluble polyurethane Nano-PU consumption 120g/L in anti-crease finishing liquid; Chitosan dosage 20g/L, strong protecting agent FINETEXPES consumption 10g/L, softener TEXILONESP consumption 30g/L, bleeding agent 230N consumption 3g/L, catalyst MgCl 2consumption 17g/L.
Adopt above-mentioned disclosed anti-crease finishing liquid in the present embodiment to be arranged by silk fabric, concrete technology is as follows:
Silk fabric two leachings two in anti-crease finishing liquid are rolled, and pick-up is 70%;
Preliminary drying 4min at 80 DEG C of temperature;
Then at 180 DEG C of temperature, 3min is baked.
By the fabric cooling baked, the industry washer containing the 3g/L bleeding agent 230N aqueous solution is put into completely, bath raio 1:20, wash water 10min at 40 DEG C of temperature after cooling, dehydration is also dried under 50 DEG C ~ 60 DEG C conditions, and get damp again the fabric after oven dry under constant temperature and humidity condition 30min.
Real silk non-ironing face fabric after arrangement is soft, smooth appearance, and the test result of index of correlation is as follows:
Embodiment 3
Fabric selected by the present embodiment is real silk quilt cover fabric, and fabric is: 22D/2*22D/3110*48 bleached cotton fabric.
The formula of anti-crease finishing liquid is:
Soluble polyurethane PU-new consumption 100g/L; Chitosan dosage 30g/L; Strong protecting agent FINETEXPES consumption 20g/L; Softener Hi-Soft40 consumption 40g/L; Bleeding agent 230N consumption 3g/L; Catalyst MgCl 2consumption 16g/L.
Adopt the above-mentioned crease-shedding finishing agent in the present embodiment to carry out crease-resistant process to above-mentioned silk fabric, concrete technology is as follows:
Silk fabric two leachings two in anti-crease finishing liquid are rolled, and pick-up is 75%;
Preliminary drying 3min at 100 DEG C of temperature;
Then at 150 DEG C of temperature, 4min is baked;
By the fabric cooling baked, after cooling, the aqueous solution put into containing 3g/L bleeding agent 230N washs completely, and bath raio is 1:20, wash water 10min at 40 DEG C of temperature, dehydration is also dried under 50 DEG C ~ 60 DEG C conditions, and get damp again the fabric after oven dry under constant temperature and humidity condition 30min.
Crease-shedding real silk facing material after arrangement is soft, smooth appearance, and the test result of index of correlation is as follows:
Embodiment 4
Fabric selected by the present embodiment is real silk quilt cover fabric, and fabric is: 22D/2*22D/4110*46 bleached cotton fabric.
The formula of anti-crease finishing liquid is:
Soluble polyurethane PU-new consumption 90g/L; Chitosan dosage 25g/L; Strong protecting agent PEP consumption 25g/L; Softener Hi-soft40 consumption 50g/L; Bleeding agent 230N consumption 1g/L; Catalyst MgCl 2consumption 10g/L, catalyst sodium hypophosphite 4g/L.
Adopt the above-mentioned crease-shedding finishing agent in the present embodiment to carry out crease-resistant process to above-mentioned silk fabric, concrete technology is as follows:
Silk fabric two leachings two in anti-crease finishing liquid are rolled, and pick-up is 80%;
Preliminary drying 3.5min at 90 DEG C of temperature;
Then at 160 DEG C of temperature, 4min is baked;
By the fabric cooling baked, after cooling, the aqueous solution put into containing 2g/L bleeding agent 230N washs completely, and bath raio is 1:20, wash water 10min at 40 DEG C of temperature, dehydration is also dried under 50 DEG C ~ 60 DEG C conditions, and get damp again the fabric after oven dry under constant temperature and humidity condition 30min.
Crease-shedding real silk facing material after arrangement is soft, smooth appearance, and the test result of index of correlation is as follows:
Above-described embodiment is illustrative principle of the present invention and effect thereof only, but not for limiting the present invention.Any person skilled in the art scholar all without prejudice under spirit of the present invention and category, can modify above-described embodiment or changes.Therefore, such as have in art usually know the knowledgeable do not depart from complete under disclosed spirit and technological thought all equivalence modify or change, must be contained by claim of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an anti-crease finishing liquid, is characterized in that: in the cumulative volume of described anti-crease finishing liquid for benchmark, and described anti-crease finishing liquid comprises following raw material components and content:
2. anti-crease finishing liquid as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described soluble polyurethane is that model to be selected from Nano-PU and PU-new one or both.
3. anti-crease finishing liquid as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the number-average molecular weight of described shitosan is 1.6 × 10 4~ 1.7 × 10 4.
4. anti-crease finishing liquid as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: it is one or more in TEXILONESP and Hi-Soft40 that described softener is selected from model.
5. anti-crease finishing liquid as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: it is polyethylene kind lubricant in FINETEXPES and PEP that described strong protecting agent is selected from model.
6. crease-shedding finishing agent as claimed in claim 1, its feature is being: described catalyst is selected from MgCl 2or one or more in sodium hypophosphite.
7. anti-crease finishing liquid as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the model of described bleeding agent is 230N.
8. an anti-crease finishing method for silk fabric, for adopt as arbitrary in claim 1 ~ 7 as described in anti-crease finishing liquid carry out padding finishing, then prebake successively, cure, wash water, oven dry and moisture regain.
9. method as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that: add bleeding agent in described washing procedure, the model of described bleeding agent is 230N.
10. method as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that: the pick-up in described padding finishing operation is 70 ~ 80wt%.
CN201510624069.6A 2015-09-25 2015-09-25 Anti-crease finishing liquid and anti-crease finishing method for real silk shell fabric Pending CN105155278A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105926279A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-07 太仓红桥服饰有限公司 Anti-crease and anti-microbial clothing finishing agent and application thereof
CN105926295A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-07 太仓红桥服饰有限公司 Finishing liquid applied to crumple finishing of jean costume
CN107956126A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-24 无锡昊瑜节能环保设备有限公司 A kind of real silk fabric anti-crease finishing technique
CN108049064A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-05-18 海宁市美元达经编有限公司 The processing technology of antibacterial crease-shedding real silk facing material
CN108193502A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-22 上海氟聚化学产品股份有限公司 A kind of formaldehydeless ironing and anti-crease finishing technique of real silk fabric
CN108239835A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-07-03 嘉兴涌锦服饰有限公司 A kind of finishing technique of anti-wrinkle fabric

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CN103526550A (en) * 2013-08-21 2014-01-22 昆山铁牛衬衫厂 Method for finishing anti-crease fabric

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CN103526550A (en) * 2013-08-21 2014-01-22 昆山铁牛衬衫厂 Method for finishing anti-crease fabric

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105926279A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-07 太仓红桥服饰有限公司 Anti-crease and anti-microbial clothing finishing agent and application thereof
CN105926295A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-07 太仓红桥服饰有限公司 Finishing liquid applied to crumple finishing of jean costume
CN107956126A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-24 无锡昊瑜节能环保设备有限公司 A kind of real silk fabric anti-crease finishing technique
CN108193502A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-22 上海氟聚化学产品股份有限公司 A kind of formaldehydeless ironing and anti-crease finishing technique of real silk fabric
CN108193502B (en) * 2017-12-25 2020-06-19 上海氟聚化学产品股份有限公司 Formaldehyde-free non-ironing crease-resistant finishing process for real silk fabric
CN108239835A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-07-03 嘉兴涌锦服饰有限公司 A kind of finishing technique of anti-wrinkle fabric
CN108049064A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-05-18 海宁市美元达经编有限公司 The processing technology of antibacterial crease-shedding real silk facing material

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