CN105154114B - The devices and methods therefor of charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object - Google Patents

The devices and methods therefor of charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105154114B
CN105154114B CN201510644189.2A CN201510644189A CN105154114B CN 105154114 B CN105154114 B CN 105154114B CN 201510644189 A CN201510644189 A CN 201510644189A CN 105154114 B CN105154114 B CN 105154114B
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China
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gas
charcoal
discarded
chinese
pyrolysis
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CN105154114A (en
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段金廒
鲁学军
钱大玮
郭盛
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NANJING HONGDIAN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine
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NANJING HONGDIAN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/25Process efficiency
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of device that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it includes:Mincing type cutting machine(1), hammer crusher(2), lift feeder(3), cylindrical drier(4), conveying worm(5), continous way anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6), flue gas waste heat recoverer(7), hot water basin(8), cyclone separator(9), filter(10), the first condenser(11), the second condenser(12), eluting column(13), wood gas basin(14), heat-exchanger pump(15), oil water separator(16), Forced draught blower(17), circulating pump(18)And booster pump(19).The present invention is reasonable in design, easy to operate, produces charcoal using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, energy-conserving and environment-protective, comprehensive utilization of resources can be achieved, turn waste into wealth, cost is low, has important economic benefit and Environmental Role.

Description

Using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object produce charcoal device and its Method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of innoxious, recycling treatment Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object and produce charcoal Devices and methods therefor.
Background technology
Along with China's reform and economic fast development, Chinese medicine and herbal pharmaceutical industry, plant standard extract Industry has also obtained swift and violent development, and industry size has been extended to before reform and opening-up nearly a hundred times.The thing followed is flood tide Medicinal material dis-medicinal part, such as Sunset Abelmoschus Root cauline leaf, chrysanthemum cauline leaf, and the dregs of a decoction after medicinal material extract turn into the discarded object of New Times, Be stacked in field, each corner in city rot it is smelly, seriously pollution environment while, also result in flood tide biomass The waste of resource.How innoxious, recycling treatment Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object turn into environmental protection, resource Utilize the task great and urgent with industry development.
Non-oxygen pyrolytic is the method for carrying out energy processing to biomass under anaerobic state, is handled using Non-oxygen pyrolytic method Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, avoid Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine castoff burning or landfill is made to environment Into pollution, be Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine changing rejected material to useful resource, innoxious, environmental protection treatment good method.At present not yet See the report of correlation.
But due to Non-oxygen pyrolytic during, it is contained in the biomass garbage such as Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Moisture evaporation need to consume the substantial amounts of energy, meanwhile, to biomass garbage carry out Non-oxygen pyrolytic processing when, temperature usually requires Reach 500 DEG C~650 DEG C, therefore the flue-gas temperature discharged is also high, causes substantial amounts of heat loss so that at Non-oxygen pyrolytic method It is high to manage the operating cost of biomass garbage, turns into Non-oxygen pyrolytic processing biomass garbage Technique Popularizing, the major obstacle of application.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of innoxious, recycling treatment Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object simultaneously The equipment for therefrom producing charcoal.Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of innoxious, recycling treatment Chinese medicine and Chinese medicine life Production process discarded object and the method for therefrom producing charcoal.
Technical scheme, to realize object above, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
A kind of device that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it includes:Mincing type is cut off Machine, hammer crusher, lift feeder, cylindrical drier, conveying worm, continous way anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine, flue gas Waste-heat recoverer, hot water basin, cyclone separator, filter, first the second condenser of condenser, eluting column, wood gas basin, Heat-exchanger pump, oil water separator, Forced draught blower, circulating pump and booster pump;
The described discharge end of mincing type cutting machine is connected with the feed end of hammer crusher;
The discharge end of described hammer crusher is connected with lifting the feed bin of feeder;
The described lifting discharge end of feeder is connected with the feed end of cylindrical drier;
The feeding screw phase that described cylindrical drier passes through conveying worm and continous way anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine Connection;The fuel-feed pipe of the burner of cylindrical drier is connected with the delivery pipe of wood gas basin;
The import of the fume emission mouth and flue gas waste heat recoverer of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine combustion chamber connects, and fume afterheat returns The hot water outlet for receiving device is connected with the import of hot water basin;
The wood gas charging house steward of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine is connected with the delivery pipe of wood gas basin;Anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine Pyrolysis charring exhaust main and cyclone separator feed pipe connect;
The carbon outleting port of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine is connected with receiving charcoal bucket;
The cooling hot water outlet of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine is connected by heat-exchanger pump with the hot water inlet of hot water basin, anaerobic heat The vapor outlet port of solution carbonizer is connected with the steam-gas inlet of hot water basin;
The gas outlet end of cyclone separator is connected by filter with the gas feed of the first condenser, cyclone separator Solid outlet end with receive charcoal bucket be connected;
The gas vent of first condenser is connected with the second condenser-air import, condensate outlet end and oil water separator Import connection, condensation hot water outlet be connected with the import of hot water basin;
The gas vent of second condenser is connected by the gas feed of Forced draught blower and eluting column, condensate outlet end with The import connection of oil water separator, condensation hot water outlet are connected with the import of hot water basin;
The oil-out of oil water separator is connected with drip tank, and vinegar liquid outlet is connected with the liquid inlet of eluting column;
The wood gas outlet of eluting column is connected by booster pump with the import of wood gas basin, vinegar liquid outlet and vinegar liquid bucket phase Connection;
Xyloid coal tracheal entrance of the outlet of wood gas basin through delivery pipe and cylindrical drier and anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine Connection.
Preferably, the above-described dress that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Put, cylindrical drier is triple telescopiform roller driers.
Preferably, the above-described dress that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Put, flue gas waste heat recoverer is efficient wrap-round tubular heat exchanger.
Preferably, the above-described dress that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Put, anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine includes the Luo Xuan Give glasswares being sequentially connected, preheating and drying room, gasification and pyrolysis room, carbonization chamber and cooling Room.
Preferably, the above-described dress that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Put, the first condenser and the second condenser are spiral baffle type radiator.
Preferably, the above-described dress that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Put, eluting column is self-circulation type eluting column.
Preferably, the above-described dress that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Put, wood gas basin is provided with booster pump.
The method provided by the invention for producing charcoal using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, its feature exist In:Comprise the following steps:
A, Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object are cut off through mincing type cutting machine, hammer crusher is broken and rolls After cylinder drying machine drying process, it is transported to by conveying worm in the feeding screw of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine;
B, discarded object passes sequentially through preheating and drying room, vaporization pyrolysis chamber, carbonization chamber, cooling chamber in anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine Carry out pyrolysis charring processing;
Discarded object enters preheating and drying room, after 100~200 DEG C of progress preheating and dryings of temperature, removing moisture and heating, Enter vaporization pyrolysis section, the caused preheated dry exhaust pipe row of steam mixed gas through feeding pipe under augers effect Enter to pyrolysis charring exhaust main, subsequently into separation condenser system;
The discarded object for removing moisture and heating up enters vaporization pyrolysis chamber, and under 300~500 DEG C of high temperature of temperature, discarded object is opened Begin vaporization, pyrolytic reaction, and caused vaporization pyrolysis gas is drained into pyrolysis charring exhaust main by vaporizing pyrolysis blast pipe, defeated It is sent to cyclone separator progress vapour to separate admittedly, the carbon granule after separation is collected into charcoal bucket, and gas enters B-grade condensation by filter Device carries out refrigerated separation, the water vapour in gas is condensed into water, and coercibility gas is condensed into liquid biological oil, condensed water and life Thing oil mixed liquor is discharged in oil water separator, and bio oil and pyrolkigneous liquid are separated into through separator, takes in drip tank and vinegar respectively Liquid bucket;Uncooled incoagulable gas enters eluting column(13)It is defeated by coal gas Forced draught blower and booster after washing with water It is sent to wood gas hold-up tank(14), anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine is conveyed to through wood gas output channel(6)Xyloid coal air burner, make Utilized for the fuel recycle of Non-oxygen pyrolytic machine, and be conveyed to drying machine and do heating fuel use;
Solid product after vaporization pyrolysis enters carbonization chamber under augers effect through feeding pipe, in temperature 500 Under~600 DEG C of high temperature, progress dehydrogenation, thermal condensation, carbonization reaction turn into charcoal, and caused gas is by carbonizing gas discharge pipe Pyrolysis charring exhaust main is drained into, is transported to cyclone separator(9)Gas solid separation is carried out, it is cold to enter back into secondary condenser progress Solidifying refrigerated separation, the charcoal of generation enter cooling section under augers effect through feeding pipe;
After hot charcoal is cooled down into cooling chamber, it is discharged to and receives charcoal bucket, refined biometric charcoal is obtained after packaging.
Preferably, the above-described side that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Method, described Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object refer to:Caused dis-medicinal part during Producing medicinal herbs;Chinese medicine Caused discarded object in material processing and concocting process;The dregs of a decoction after the extracted medicinal ingredient of Chinese medicine;Or in Chinese patent drug production process Caused discarded object.
Preferably, the above-described side that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Method, Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object during anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization it is caused mixing gas in gas purification separation Condensed, purified and separating treatment in equipment.
Preferably, the above-described side that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Method, the high-temperature flue gas that anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine discharges during discarded object is handled are reclaimed and given birth to by flue gas waste heat recoverer Heat production water, into hot water basin, the insulation for oil water separator separates the delivery of production.
Preferably, the above-described side that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object Method, the high-temperature biological charcoal that anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine is discharged during discarded object is handled are cooled down and returned by water spray type cooler High-temperature residual heat is received, caused steam and delivery are into hot water basin.
Caused imflammable gas carries out circulation profit as the fuel of Non-oxygen pyrolytic during the present invention uses Non-oxygen pyrolytic With, the substantial amounts of external energy can be saved, at the same whole Non-oxygen pyrolytic apparatus is upward successively by " charing-pyrolysis-drying " order Segmentation series winding arrangement, makes high-temperature flue gas caused by combustion chamber pass sequentially through " charing-pyrolysis-dry by the order of " high temperature-low temperature " It is dry " each section, and the heat energy in system is obtained reasonable and efficient utilization, it can so make smog discharge temperature by original 300 ~500 DEG C are reduced to 100 DEG C or so, smog discharge temperature then are reduced into less than 50 DEG C through flue gas waste heat recoverer again, together When produce hot water, effectively reduce system heat-energy losses.Simultaneously to the charcoal waste heat of system discharge(From Non-oxygen pyrolytic apparatus The charcoal temperature of discharge is at 600 DEG C or so)Reclaimed by carbon granule cooler, while produce steam and hot water, further reduced Energy resource consumption.Pass through above-mentioned process combination, you can retain Non-oxygen pyrolytic method processing biomass garbage recycling, innoxious, environmentally friendly The advantages of, the cost that Non-oxygen pyrolytic biomass garbage produces charcoal can be reduced again, overcome prior art to handle biomass garbage The defects of operating cost is high, while the serialization of Chinese medicine and the processing of Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization can be realized Production, realize comprehensive utilization of resources, whole technological design is reasonable, environmental protection and energy saving, turns waste into wealth, have important economic benefit and Environmental Role.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of continous way anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine of the present invention.
Embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is furture elucidated, it should be understood that these embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention Rather than limitation the scope of the present invention, after the present invention has been read, various equivalences of the those skilled in the art to the present invention The modification of form falls within the application appended claims limited range.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figure 1, a kind of device that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it includes: Mincing type cutting machine(1), hammer crusher(2), lift feeder(3), cylindrical drier(4), conveying worm(5), Continous way anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6), flue gas waste heat recoverer(7), hot water basin(8), cyclone separator(9), filter (10), the first condenser(11), the second condenser(12), eluting column(13), wood gas basin(14), heat-exchanger pump(15), profit Separator(16), Forced draught blower(17), circulating pump(18)And booster pump(19);
Described mincing type cutting machine(1)Discharge end and hammer crusher(2)Feed end be connected;
Described hammer crusher(2)Discharge end with lifting feeder(3)Feed bin be connected;
Described lifting feeder(3)Discharge end and cylindrical drier(4)Feed end be connected;
Described cylindrical drier(4)Pass through conveying worm(5)With continous way anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6)Spiral Feed appliance is connected;Cylindrical drier(4)Burner fuel-feed pipe and wood gas basin(14)Delivery pipe be connected Connect;
Anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6)The fume emission mouth and flue gas waste heat recoverer of combustion chamber(7)Import connection, flue gas Waste-heat recoverer(7)Hot water outlet and hot water basin(8)Import connection;
Anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6)Wood gas charging house steward and wood gas basin(14)Delivery pipe connection;Anaerobic heat Solve carbonizer(6)Pyrolysis charring exhaust main and cyclone separator(9)Feed pipe connection;
Anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6)Carbon outleting port with receive charcoal bucket be connected;
Anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6)Cooling hot water outlet pass through heat-exchanger pump(15)With hot water basin(8)Hot water inlet Connection, anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6)Vapor outlet port and hot water basin(8)Steam-gas inlet connection;
Cyclone separator(9)Gas outlet end pass through filter(10)With the first condenser(11)Gas feed connect Connect, cyclone separator(9)Solid outlet end with receive charcoal bucket be connected;
First condenser(11)Gas vent and the second condenser(12)Gas feed connects, condensate outlet end and oil Separator(16)Import connection, condensation hot water outlet and hot water basin(8)Import connection;
Second condenser(12)Gas vent pass through Forced draught blower(17)With eluting column(13)Gas feed connection, it is cold Condensate outlet end and oil water separator(16)Import connection, condensation hot water outlet and hot water basin(8)Import connection;
Oil water separator(16)Oil-out be connected with drip tank, vinegar liquid outlet and eluting column(13)Liquid inlet connect Connect;
Eluting column(13)Wood gas outlet pass through booster pump(19)With wood gas basin(14)Import connection, vinegar liquid goes out Mouth is connected with vinegar liquid bucket;
Wood gas basin(14)Outlet through delivery pipe and cylindrical drier(4)And anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6)Wood Gas pipe import connects.
The above-described device that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, cylindrical drier (4)For triple telescopiform roller driers.Flue gas waste heat recoverer(7)For efficient wrap-round tubular heat exchanger.First condenser (11)With the second condenser(12)For spiral baffle type radiator.Eluting column(13)For self-circulation type eluting column.Xyloid coal gas-reservoir Tank(14)It is provided with booster pump.
The above-described device that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization Machine(6)Including the Luo Xuan Give glasswares being sequentially connected, preheating and drying room, gasification and pyrolysis room, carbonization chamber and cooling chamber.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method for producing charcoal using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, comprises the following steps:
A, by Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object through mincing type cutting machine(1)Cut-out, hammer crusher(2)It is broken Broken and cylindrical drier(4)After drying process, pass through conveying worm(5)It is transported to anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6)Spiral In feed appliance;
B, discarded object is in anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine(6)Inside pass sequentially through preheating and drying room, vaporization pyrolysis chamber, carbonization chamber, cold But room carries out pyrolysis charring processing;
Discarded object enters preheating and drying room, after 100~200 DEG C of progress preheating and dryings of temperature, removing moisture and heating, Enter vaporization pyrolysis section, the caused preheated dry exhaust pipe row of steam mixed gas through feeding pipe under augers effect Enter to pyrolysis charring exhaust main, subsequently into separation condenser system;
The discarded object for removing moisture and heating up enters vaporization pyrolysis chamber, and under 300~500 DEG C of high temperature of temperature, discarded object is opened Begin vaporization, pyrolytic reaction, and caused vaporization pyrolysis gas is drained into pyrolysis charring exhaust main by vaporizing pyrolysis blast pipe, defeated It is sent to cyclone separator progress vapour to separate admittedly, the carbon granule after separation is collected into charcoal bucket, and gas enters B-grade condensation by filter Device carries out refrigerated separation, the water vapour in gas is condensed into water, and coercibility gas is condensed into liquid biological oil, condensed water and life Thing oil mixed liquor is discharged in oil water separator, and bio oil and pyrolkigneous liquid are separated into through separator, takes in drip tank and vinegar respectively Liquid bucket;Uncooled incoagulable gas enters eluting column(13)It is defeated by coal gas Forced draught blower and booster after washing with water It is sent to wood gas hold-up tank(14), anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine is conveyed to through wood gas output channel(6)Xyloid coal air burner, make Utilized for the fuel recycle of Non-oxygen pyrolytic machine, and be conveyed to drying machine and do heating fuel use;
Solid product after vaporization pyrolysis enters carbonization chamber under augers effect through feeding pipe, in temperature 500 Under~600 DEG C of high temperature, progress dehydrogenation, thermal condensation, carbonization reaction turn into charcoal, and caused gas is by carbonizing gas discharge pipe Pyrolysis charring exhaust main is drained into, is transported to cyclone separator(9)Gas solid separation is carried out, it is cold to enter back into secondary condenser progress Solidifying refrigerated separation, the charcoal of generation enter cooling section under augers effect through feeding pipe;
After hot charcoal is cooled down into cooling chamber, it is discharged to and receives charcoal bucket, refined biometric charcoal is obtained after packaging.
The above-described method for producing charcoal using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, described Chinese medicine And Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object refers to:Caused dis-medicinal part during Producing medicinal herbs;Chinese medicine is processed and processed Caused discarded object in journey;Caused discarded object in the dregs of a decoction or Chinese patent drug production process after the extracted medicinal ingredient of Chinese medicine.
The method provided by the invention for producing charcoal using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, Chinese medicine and in Medicine production process discarded object caused mixing gas during anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization carries out cold in gas separating equipment for purification Solidifying, purification and separating treatment.
The high-temperature flue gas that anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine discharges during discarded object is handled is returned by flue gas waste heat recoverer Receive and produce hot water, into hot water basin, the insulation for oil water separator separates the delivery of production.
The high-temperature biological charcoal that anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine is discharged during discarded object is handled is carried out cold by water spray type cooler But and high-temperature residual heat is reclaimed, caused steam and delivery are into hot water basin.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. device that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it is characterised in that:It includes:Chop Blade cutting machine (1), hammer crusher (2), lifting feeder (3), cylindrical drier (4), conveying worm (5), even Continuous formula anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6), flue gas waste heat recoverer (7), hot water basin (8), cyclone separator (9), filter (10), First condenser (11), the second condenser (12), eluting column (13), wood gas basin (14), heat-exchanger pump (15), oil water separator (16), Forced draught blower (17), circulating pump (18) and booster pump (19);
    The discharge end of described mincing type cutting machine (1) is connected with the feed end of hammer crusher (2);
    The discharge end of described hammer crusher (2) is connected with the feed bin of lifting feeder (3);
    The discharge end of described lifting feeder (3) is connected with the feed end of cylindrical drier (4);
    Described cylindrical drier (4) passes through conveying worm (5) and the screw feeding of continous way anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) Device is connected;The fuel-feed pipe of the burner of cylindrical drier (4) is connected with the delivery pipe of wood gas basin (14);
    The fume emission mouth of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) combustion chamber is connected with the import of flue gas waste heat recoverer (7), fume afterheat The hot water outlet of recover (7) is connected with the import of hot water basin (8);
    The wood gas charging house steward of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) is connected with the delivery pipe of wood gas basin (14);Non-oxygen pyrolytic charcoal The pyrolysis charring exhaust main of change machine (6) is connected with the feed pipe of cyclone separator (9);
    The carbon outleting port of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) is connected with receiving charcoal bucket;
    The cooling hot water outlet of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) is connected by heat-exchanger pump (15) with the hot water inlet of hot water basin (8), The vapor outlet port of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) is connected with the steam-gas inlet of hot water basin (8);
    The gas outlet end of cyclone separator (9) is connected by filter (10) with the gas feed of the first condenser (11), rotation The solid outlet end of wind separator (9) is connected with receiving charcoal bucket;
    The gas vent of first condenser (11) is connected with the second condenser (12) gas feed, condensate outlet end and profit point Import from device (16) is connected, and condensation hot water outlet is connected with the import of hot water basin (8);
    The gas vent of second condenser (12) is connected by Forced draught blower (17) with the gas feed of eluting column (13), condensate liquid The port of export is connected with the import of oil water separator (16), and condensation hot water outlet is connected with the import of hot water basin (8);
    The oil-out of oil water separator (16) is connected with drip tank, and vinegar liquid outlet is connected with the liquid inlet of eluting column (13);
    Eluting column (13) wood gas outlet be connected by booster pump (19) with the import of wood gas basin (14), vinegar liquid export and Vinegar liquid bucket is connected;
    Wood gas of the outlet of wood gas basin (14) through delivery pipe and cylindrical drier (4) and anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) Pipe import connects;
    Cylindrical drier (4) is triple telescopiform roller driers;
    Flue gas waste heat recoverer (7) is wrap-round tubular heat exchanger.
  2. 2. the device according to claim 1 that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it is special Sign is:Anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) includes the Luo Xuan Give glasswares being sequentially connected, preheating and drying room, gasification and pyrolysis room, carbonization chamber And cooling chamber.
  3. 3. the device according to claim 1 that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it is special Sign is:First condenser (11) and the second condenser (12) are spiral baffle type radiator.
  4. 4. the device according to claim 1 that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it is special Sign is:Eluting column (13) is self-circulation type eluting column.
  5. 5. the device according to claim 1 that charcoal is produced using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it is special Sign is:Wood gas basin (14) is provided with booster pump.
  6. A kind of 6. method for producing charcoal using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it is characterised in that:Including following Step:
    A, Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object are cut off through mincing type cutting machine (1), hammer crusher (2) it is broken and After cylindrical drier (4) drying process, the screw feeding of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) is transported to by conveying worm (5) In device;
    B, discarded object passes sequentially through preheating and drying room, vaporization pyrolysis chamber, carbonization chamber, cooling chamber in anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) Carry out pyrolysis charring processing;
    Discarded object enters preheating and drying room, after 100~200 DEG C of progress preheating and dryings of temperature, removing moisture and heating, in spiral Enter vaporization pyrolysis section through feeding pipe under pusher effect, the caused preheated dry exhaust pipe of steam mixed gas is drained into Pyrolysis charring exhaust main, subsequently into separation condenser system;
    The discarded object for removing moisture and heating up enters vaporization pyrolysis chamber, and under 300~500 DEG C of high temperature of temperature, discarded object starts vapour Change, pyrolytic reaction, caused vaporization pyrolysis gas is drained into pyrolysis charring exhaust main by vaporizing pyrolysis blast pipe, is transported to Cyclone separator carries out vapour and separated admittedly, and the carbon granule after separation is collected into charcoal bucket, and gas enters by filter into secondary condenser Row refrigerated separation, makes the water vapour in gas be condensed into water, and coercibility gas is condensed into liquid biological oil, condensed water and bio oil Mixed liquor is discharged in oil water separator, and bio oil and pyrolkigneous liquid are separated into through separator, takes in drip tank and vinegar liquid bucket respectively; After uncooled incoagulable gas enters eluting column (13) washing with water, wood is transported to by coal gas Forced draught blower and booster Coal gas basin (14), the xyloid coal air burner of anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization machine (6) is conveyed to through wood gas output channel, as anaerobic heat The fuel recycle of solution machine utilizes, and is conveyed to drying machine and does heating fuel use;
    Solid product after vaporization pyrolysis enters carbonization chamber under augers effect through feeding pipe, in temperature 500~600 Under DEG C high temperature, carry out dehydrogenation, thermal condensation, carbonization reaction turn into charcoal, caused gas is discharged into by carbonizing gas discharge pipe To pyrolysis charring exhaust main, be transported to cyclone separator (9) and carry out gas solid separation, enter back into secondary condenser condense it is cold But separate, the charcoal of generation enters cooling section under augers effect through feeding pipe;
    After hot charcoal is cooled down into cooling chamber, it is discharged to and receives charcoal bucket, refined biometric charcoal is obtained after packaging.
  7. 7. the method according to claim 6 for producing charcoal using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it is special Sign is:Described Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object refers to:Caused dis-medicinal part during Producing medicinal herbs; Caused discarded object in Chinese medicine processing and concocting process;The dregs of a decoction after the extracted medicinal ingredient of Chinese medicine;Or Chinese patent drug produced Caused discarded object in journey.
  8. 8. the method according to claim 6 for producing charcoal using Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine discarded object, it is special Sign is:Chinese medicine and Chinese Traditional Medicine the discarded object caused mixing gas during anaerobic pyrolysis carbonization purify in gas Condensed, purified and separating treatment in separation equipment.
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CN106438149B (en) * 2016-11-03 2019-01-15 天津农学院 Fuel injector carbon distribution experimental system for simulating
CN108552419A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-21 南京弘典医药科技有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine slag charcoal base feed and preparation method thereof
CN108998059A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-12-14 佛山市北科科技创新服务中心 A kind of animal husbandry waste charing process equipment
CN109590312A (en) * 2018-12-22 2019-04-09 浙江圣沐新能源有限公司 A kind of organic waste anoxybiotic cracking technology and its equipment
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CN1803981A (en) * 2005-12-19 2006-07-19 东北林业大学 Method for manufacturing machine processed charcoal by utilizing Chinese medicinal or herbal drug to extract solid waste
JP2008201964A (en) * 2007-02-21 2008-09-04 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Process and system for producing solid fuel
CN102226095B (en) * 2011-05-27 2014-01-15 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Device and method for preparing fuel and chemicals by gradient pyrolysis of biomass and step-by-step collection
CN103923673A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-16 东南大学 Device and method for preparing biological oil, activated carbon and combustible gas by use of biomass poly-generation
CN205115374U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-03-30 南京弘典医药科技有限公司 Utilize chinese -medicinal material and traditional chinese medicine production process discarded object to prepare device of biological charcoal

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