CN105151650B - A kind of plate chain type conveyer - Google Patents

A kind of plate chain type conveyer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105151650B
CN105151650B CN201510586757.8A CN201510586757A CN105151650B CN 105151650 B CN105151650 B CN 105151650B CN 201510586757 A CN201510586757 A CN 201510586757A CN 105151650 B CN105151650 B CN 105151650B
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China
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pin
material plate
journal stirrup
conveyer belt
chain
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CN201510586757.8A
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CN105151650A (en
Inventor
陶建华
卢永焰
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Guangzhou University
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Guangzhou University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of plate chain type conveyer, the plate chain type conveyer includes frame, two pairs of sprocket wheels for being supported on frame two and around the conveyer belt being made up of two carrier chains and one group of material plate being located on two pairs of sprocket wheels;It is characterized in that, two carrier chains extend outward journal stirrup near one side of the carrier bar of material plate side, the journal stirrup is provided with connecting hole for preceding one along the carrier chain direction of motion, other end is provided with spring catch, the spring catch is fixed on the outside of journal stirrup, the nail rod of its pin is reached on the inside of which through journal stirrup, two spring catch that each connecting hole is adjacent when carrier chain is in straight configuration are apart from equal, connecting hole when conveyer belt is located on the upside of sprocket wheel on a journal stirrup with a pair of chain links of the material plate is hinged, other end support is on the adjacent latter spring catch of the connecting hole.Discharge control apparatus are respectively equipped with the frame that upper and lower two-layer conveys end of tape.

Description

A kind of plate chain type conveyer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of conveying arrangement, and in particular to a kind of that there is loop pulling element, the such as conveyer of chain.
Background technology
Plate chain type conveyer, is called chain printed line, be a kind of chain by the use of shuttling movement as traction element, with metallic plate As the conveying machinery equipment of conveying supporting body.With applied widely, conveying capacity it is big, long distance delivery can be made and defeated The various techniques processing such as can also carry out classifying during sending, freeze, being dried and assembling, and be widely used in commercial production Each occasion.
But traditional plate chain type conveyer is due to unloading material on the material plate for being located at lower floor to which automatically, so as to Cause which that the material plate on upper strata can only be utilized to irreversibly deliver material, then leave unused useless positioned at the material plate of lower floor, this makes Into very big waste.Publication No. discloses " a kind of movable conveying belt device " for the application for a patent for invention of CN102173336A and is somebody's turn to do The conveyer belt of device is spliced by one group of conveying blade (material plate), and the front end of each piece of conveying blade is hinged on carrier chain Correspondence position, rear end is supported on slide rail, by open up on slide rail breach can allow in place conveying blade from By sagging, convey so as to material is unloaded to lower floor.But the device also has the disadvantages that:1st, due to the conveying blade reality On be comparable to by conveying chain haulage and slide on slide rail, this causes corresponding parts easily to wear and tear, and to overcome friction Resistance necessarily increases energy consumption.2nd, as its conveying blade is one to face up at upper strata, and it is another side after lower floor is moved to Upward, therefore material is contacted with the two sides of conveying blade in course of conveying respectively, this just easily causes material and equipment Between cross-contamination.When such as conveying sludge, slag etc., the residue on conveying blade is easy to the slide rail of contaminated equipment, passes The positions such as dynamic chain, drive sprocket, main shaft and casing;When and for example conveying food, slide rail, driving-chain and drive sprocket pollutant are again very Appearance is delivered on food by conveying blade.Meanwhile, above-mentioned cross-contamination inevitably results in the cleaning of post facility and material Or disinfection increases.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of plate chain type conveyer, and the conveyer can not only be using thereon Lower two-layer carrier bar realizes the reciprocal transportation of material, and has that equipment is not easy to wear, consumes energy and low intersect and equipment and material between The low advantage of pollution risk.
The present invention solves the technical scheme of above-mentioned technical problem:
A kind of plate chain type conveyer, the plate chain type conveyer include frame, two pairs of sprocket wheels for being respectively supported at frame two, Around the conveyer belt being located on two pairs of sprocket wheels, the conveyer belt is crossed between two carrier chains by two parallel carrier chains and one group Material plate composition;Characterized in that,
In the carrier chain, carrier bar of each chain link near material plate side extends to the outside of the link motion track One journal stirrup, along the preceding connecting hole for being provided with connection material plate of its direction of motion, posterior one is provided with support to the journal stirrup The spring catch of material plate, when carrier chain be in straight configuration when, between two spring catch that each connecting hole is adjacent away from From equal;Wherein, described spring catch is made up of the pin with the head of a nail, sleeve, compression spring and c-type snap ring, described set One end of cylinder is provided with the pilot hole matched with the nail rod of the pin, and the other end is open, described pin from being provided with guiding Sleeve is passed through in the one end in hole, and compression spring is set in the nail rod of the pin in sleeve, and described c-type snap ring is located at pin In the nail rod of the open-mouth for being close to the sleeve other end;The sleeve is the outer of the journal stirrup that the open other end is fixed on the carrier bar Side, the nail rod of described pin are crossing to the inner side of carrier bar journal stirrup, and described compression spring is clamped in cage guiding by c-type snap ring The inner side in hole, and a gap is left between the head of a nail and sleeve of the pin;
Described material plate is rectangle, and two flanks of the downward 90-degree bent formation in its both sides, of each material plate lead to The connecting hole crossed on its flank and the journal stirrup is hinged between two chain links relative on two carrier chains, other end support in On the ailhead of two adjacent relative spring catch of the connecting hole;It is when described conveyer belt is located at the upside of two pairs of sprocket wheels, described Material plate is hinged with the connecting hole of a pair of journal stirrups for preceding one along the carrier chain direction of motion, and a posterior support is in this pair On the ailhead of the spring catch on ear;And, when upside downward lateral movement of the described conveyer belt by two pairs of sprocket wheels, wrap on sprocket wheel Between the journal stirrup of adjacent two chain link, the distance between the spring catch on connecting hole and preceding another journal stirrup on latter journal stirrup is little In the distance of the pin joint to another head edge of the material plate of the material plate;
Described frame is equipped with a discharge control apparatus in the position for being close to each layer of transport path end of conveyer belt, should Discharge control apparatus are made up of two helical pitch blocks, and two helical pitch blocks are relatively fixed in the frame on conveyer belt both sides, the opposite face of the two The T-slot that consistent with conveying tape motion direction and with the pin a head of a nail matches is provided with, the import of the T-slot is located at On the movement locus of the head of a nail of the pin, the direction of motion lateral offset to conveyer belt is exported, this offset distance is more than described The ailhead support of pin is in the length of material plate bottom, and the thickness between its notch surfaces externally and internally is less than or equal to the pin Gap between the head of a nail and sleeve.
Plate chain type conveyer of the present invention, when upside downward lateral movement of the conveyer belt by two pairs of sprocket wheels, once it is defeated Send with through the discharge control apparatus positioned at frame upper strata, the head of a nail of two pins just enters corresponding T-slot simultaneously, conveyer belt after Continuous then make pin shrink back into sleeve, material plate rotates counterclockwise sagging under gravity, hereafter is continuing to turn around sprocket wheel During dynamic, then rotated clockwise due to material plate limiting by the pin for having returned, reach two pairs of chains positioned at frame two During the downside of wheel, the other end of material plate then support in the afterbody of adjacent previous two spring catch to carrier bar journal stirrup one;When Conveyer belt is by under two pairs of sprocket wheels during lateral movement on the side, once conveyer belt is through another discharging control dress positioned at frame lower floor Put, the discharge control apparatus make pin shrink back into sleeve again in the same way, and material plate rotates counterclockwise sagging;Hereafter exist During being rotated further around another a pair of sprocket, as the effect material plate of gravity is then rotated clockwise, reach positioned at frame two Two pairs of sprocket wheels upside when, material plate two is back to again and is supported on the journal stirrup with a pair of carrier bars.
The present invention has following beneficial effects compared with prior art:
1st, one of spring catch support material plate is employed, and the flexible of spring catch is controlled using discharge control apparatus, because This had both saved the more slide rail of consumptive material, had that abrasion is low, the few advantage of power consumption again.
2nd, in motor process, material plate is same all the time to face up conveyer belt, and one side of the material only with material plate upward connects Touch, therefore the risk of cross-contamination between equipment and material can be significantly reduced.
Description of the drawings
Structural representation of Fig. 1~2 for a specific embodiment of plate chain type conveyer of the present invention, wherein, Fig. 1 For axonometric chart, in figure, arrow represents the carrier chain direction of motion, and Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing of local I in Fig. 1.
Vertical section structure schematic diagrams (omission frame) of the Fig. 3 for Fig. 1~2 illustrated embodiment, in figure, arrow represents carrier chain The direction of motion;Fig. 4 is A in Fig. 3 to partial enlarged drawing.
Fig. 5 is the dimensional structure diagram of one section of carrier chain in the illustrated embodiment of Fig. 1~2.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation (axonometric chart) of one section of conveyer belt in the illustrated embodiment of Fig. 1~2.
Fig. 7~9 are the structural representation of helical pitch block in the illustrated embodiment of Fig. 1~2, wherein, Fig. 7 is front view, and Fig. 8 is left View, B-B sectional views of the Fig. 9 for Fig. 7.
Dimensional structure diagrams of the Figure 10 for helical pitch block shown in Fig. 7~9.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of spring catch in the illustrated embodiment of Fig. 1~2.
Specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1~2, in this example, conveyer includes frame, two pairs of sprocket wheels 3 and around the conveyer belt being located on two pairs of sprocket wheels 3; The frame supports 5 to constitute by the head 1 at two ends and the carrier chain of conveyer belt bottom;The conveyer belt is parallel around being located at by two Carrier chain 4 and one group of material plate 6 being crossed on two carrier chains 4 on two pairs of sprocket wheels 3 is constituted.
Referring to Fig. 1 and 3, described head 1 is formed by shaped steel and steel plate splicing, and support shaft 2 is crossed on the case of 1 both sides of head On body, two sprocket wheels 3 in every support shaft 2, are fixed with.Two carrier chains 4 are same rotating around being located in two support shafts 2 On two sprocket wheels 3 of side.
Referring to Fig. 3~6, described carrier chain 4 is made up of outer plate 4-1, inner plate 4-2 and roller 4-5, wherein, it is close The outer plate 4-1 and inner plate 4-2 of 6 side of material plate extends a journal stirrup 4-3 on the outside of its place link motion track, On each journal stirrup 4-3 along 4 direction of motion of carrier chain preceding one be provided with connecting hole 4-4, posterior one is provided with support material The spring catch 7 of plate 6.When carrier chain 4 be in straight configuration when, two 4 spring catch 7 that each connecting hole 4-4 is adjacent it Between distance it is equal.The roller 4-5 is supported on the carrier chain and supports 5 to be located on the crossbeam of 4 bottom of carrier chain.
Referring to Fig. 4~6 and 11, the spring catch 7 includes the pin 7-1 with the cylindric head of a nail, is set in outside pin 7-1 Sleeve 7-2 and compression spring 7-3 being located between pin 7-1 and sleeve 7-2;Wherein, one end of described sleeve 7-2 is to curls inward Side forms a pilot hole, and the internal diameter of the pilot hole is matched with the nail rod external diameter of the pin 7-1, and the other end is open;It is described Pin 7-1 penetrates sleeve 7-2 from pilot hole, and compression spring 7-3 is set in the nail rod of the pin 7-1 in sleeve 7-2.Institute The nail rod for stating pin 7-1 is being provided with annular groove near the position that sleeve 7-2 is the open other end, and axle use is provided with the jump-ring slot C-type snap ring 7-4.The sleeve 7-2 is the outside that the open other end is welded on journal stirrup 4-3, and the nail rod of the pin 7-1 runs through Journal stirrup 4-3 is extended on the inside of which.Described compression spring 7-3 is clamped on the inside of the pilot hole of sleeve 7-2 by axle c-type snap ring 7-4, And a gap is left between the head of a nail and sleeve of described pin 7-1.
Referring to Fig. 2,3 and 6, described material plate 6 is rectangular plate, and the downward 90-degree bent in its both sides forms two flanks One of 6-1, two flank 6-1 is hinged with the connecting hole 4-4 on two carrier chains, 4 same chain link journal stirrup 4-3 respectively.It is another Head is provided with downward opening trumpet-shaped open slot 6-2, and the top support of open slot 6-2 is adjacent in the connecting hole 4-4 In the nail rod of the pin 7-1 of spring catch 7.And, when upside downward lateral movement of the described conveyer belt by two pairs of sprocket wheels 3, Bao On sprocket wheel 3 between the journal stirrup 4-3 of adjacent two chain link, on the connecting hole 4-4 on latter journal stirrup 4-3 and preceding another journal stirrup 4-3 The distance between spring catch 7 less than the pin joint to 6 another head edge of material plate of the material plate 6 distance.Work as institute When the conveyer belt stated is located at the upside of two pairs of sprocket wheels 3, the material plate 6 preceding and a pair along 4 direction of motion of carrier chain The connecting hole 4-4 of carrier bar journal stirrup 4-3 is hinged, the top support of the open slot 6-2 of posterior in connecting hole 4-4 it is adjacent In the nail rod of the pin 7-1 of spring catch 7 afterwards.
Referring to Fig. 7~10, and with reference to 1,2 and 6, the frame is being close to the position of each layer of transport path end of conveyer belt It is equipped with a discharge control apparatus;Described discharge control apparatus are made up of two helical pitch blocks 8, and each helical pitch block 8 has a helical pitch Seat 8-1, two helical pitch seat 8-1 are relatively fixed in the frame on conveyer belt both sides, and the two relative face is provided with one and is transported with conveyer belt The consistent guide rail 8-2 with T-slot in dynamic direction, the T-slot are matched with the head of a nail of pin 7-1.The import position of the T-slot On the movement locus of the head of a nail of the pin 7-1, export the direction of motion lateral offset to conveyer belt so that T-slot goes out Mouth is more than the nail rod support of the pin 7-1 in the length of 6 bottom of material plate compared to the offset distance of import, and in its notch Thickness between outer surface is less than or equal to the gap between the head of a nail and sleeve 7-2 of the pin 7-1;
Below in conjunction with the operation principle of the Brief Description Of Drawings present invention:
Referring to Fig. 3~4, and combine Fig. 1,2 and 6, material in upper strata tape transport, when carry the material plate 6 of material with When carrier chain 4 moves to the end of its horizontal component, the head of a nail entrance for being supported on two pin 7-1 of 6 bottom of material plate is led In the T-slot of rail 8-2, and gradually extract under the guiding of guide rail 8-2, material plate 6 due to losing the support of pin 7-1, in weight Toppled under power effect downwards, so as to material is unloaded to lower floor.After the head of a nail leaves guide rail 8-2, the nail rod of pin 7-1 is in compression bullet Again the inner side of journal stirrup 4-3 is reached in the presence of spring 7-3.Referring to Fig. 3, material plate 6 is moved around sprocket wheel 3 with carrier chain 4, its flank Again can be blocked by the nail rod of adjacent preceding pin 7-1 the bottom of 6-1.When material plate moves to the level of 4 lower floor of carrier chain During part, the ailhead position of pin 7-1 is supported in open slot 6-2 again.In the same manner, when material plate 6 moves to which with carrier chain 4 During the end of lower floor's horizontal component, material plate 6 will topple in the presence of discharge control apparatus, so as to material is unloaded.Material Plate 6 is moved to carrier chain 4 and supported by the nail rod of adjacent posterior pin 7-1 behind upper strata again.So move in circles.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of plate chain type conveyer, the plate chain type conveyer include frame, two pairs of sprocket wheels for being respectively supported at frame two, around The conveyer belt being located on two pairs of sprocket wheels, the conveyer belt are crossed between two carrier chains by two parallel carrier chains and one group Material plate is constituted;Characterized in that,
In the carrier chain, carrier bar of each chain link near material plate side extends one to the outside of the link motion track Ear, along the preceding connecting hole for being provided with connection material plate of its direction of motion, posterior one is provided with support material to the journal stirrup The spring catch of plate, when carrier chain is in straight configuration, the distance between two spring catch that each connecting hole is adjacent phase Deng;Wherein, described spring catch is made up of the pin with the head of a nail, sleeve, compression spring and c-type snap ring, described sleeve One end is provided with the pilot hole matched with the nail rod of the pin, and the other end is open, described pin from being provided with pilot hole Sleeve is passed through in one end, and compression spring is set in the nail rod of the pin in sleeve, and described c-type snap ring is located at pin and is close to In the nail rod of the open-mouth of the sleeve other end;The sleeve is the outside of the journal stirrup that the open other end is fixed on the carrier bar, The nail rod of described pin is crossing to the inner side of journal stirrup, and described compression spring is clamped in cage guiding hole by c-type snap ring Side, and a gap is left between the head of a nail and sleeve of the pin;
Described material plate is rectangle, and two flanks of the downward 90-degree bent formation in its both sides, of each material plate pass through which Connecting hole on flank and the journal stirrup is hinged between two chain links relative on two carrier chains, other end support in the company Connect on the ailhead of two adjacent relative spring catch of hole;When described conveyer belt is located at the upside of two pairs of sprocket wheels, the material Plate is hinged with the connecting hole of a pair of journal stirrups for preceding one along the carrier chain direction of motion, and a posterior support is on this pair of journal stirrup Spring catch ailhead on;And, when upside downward lateral movement of the described conveyer belt by two pairs of sprocket wheels, wrap adjacent on sprocket wheel In the journal stirrup of two chain links, the distance between the spring catch on connecting hole and preceding another journal stirrup on latter journal stirrup is less than institute State the distance of the pin joint of material plate to another head edge of the material plate;
Described frame is equipped with a discharge control apparatus in the position for being close to each layer of transport path end of conveyer belt, the discharging Control device is made up of two helical pitch blocks, and two helical pitch blocks are relatively fixed in the frame on conveyer belt both sides, are set on the opposite face of the two The T-slot for having consistent with conveying tape motion direction and with the pin a head of a nail to match, the import of the T-slot is positioned at described On the movement locus of the head of a nail of pin, the direction of motion lateral offset to conveyer belt is exported, this offset distance is more than the pin Ailhead support in the length of material plate bottom, and the thickness between its notch surfaces externally and internally less than or equal to the pin the head of a nail Gap and sleeve between.
CN201510586757.8A 2015-09-15 2015-09-15 A kind of plate chain type conveyer Active CN105151650B (en)

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105502879B (en) * 2015-12-28 2017-12-01 华南理工大学 A kind of mud low-temperature drier
CN105460500B (en) * 2016-01-11 2017-09-12 昆明理工大学 A kind of tobacco leaf motion state measurement apparatus
TWI691693B (en) * 2019-03-21 2020-04-21 林遂銘 Dryer conveyor belt device
CN110155608A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-08-23 林遂銘 Drier conveyer device
CN111513431B (en) * 2020-05-03 2022-01-14 东莞市云盛实业有限公司 Conveying vertical plate with anti-falling structure for shoemaking machine
CN112278722B (en) * 2020-10-29 2022-07-19 宁夏共享机床辅机有限公司 Chain scraper conveyor

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6991094B2 (en) * 2002-03-08 2006-01-31 Frost Links, Inc. Conveyor chain
DE202006008575U1 (en) * 2006-05-30 2007-10-25 Joh. Winklhofer & Söhne GmbH und Co KG Conveyor chain with swiveling gripper head
CN201530608U (en) * 2009-08-06 2010-07-21 中汽昌兴(洛阳)机电设备工程有限公司 Double-chain conveyor and conveying chain thereof
CN201873254U (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-06-22 天津百利阳光环保设备有限公司 Plate-type conveyor for conveying materials containing water
JP2014189404A (en) * 2013-03-28 2014-10-06 Tsubakimoto Chain Co Conveyor chain

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6991094B2 (en) * 2002-03-08 2006-01-31 Frost Links, Inc. Conveyor chain
DE202006008575U1 (en) * 2006-05-30 2007-10-25 Joh. Winklhofer & Söhne GmbH und Co KG Conveyor chain with swiveling gripper head
CN201530608U (en) * 2009-08-06 2010-07-21 中汽昌兴(洛阳)机电设备工程有限公司 Double-chain conveyor and conveying chain thereof
CN201873254U (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-06-22 天津百利阳光环保设备有限公司 Plate-type conveyor for conveying materials containing water
JP2014189404A (en) * 2013-03-28 2014-10-06 Tsubakimoto Chain Co Conveyor chain

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