CN105147152B - 一种刨切机构以及使用该机构的刨切机 - Google Patents

一种刨切机构以及使用该机构的刨切机 Download PDF

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CN105147152B
CN105147152B CN201510600319.2A CN201510600319A CN105147152B CN 105147152 B CN105147152 B CN 105147152B CN 201510600319 A CN201510600319 A CN 201510600319A CN 105147152 B CN105147152 B CN 105147152B
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slicing
planing tool
rotation
cylindrical cavity
tool component
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CN105147152A (zh
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郭建刚
盛顶训
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Guangdong Xinbao Electrical Appliances Holdings Co Ltd
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Guangdong Xinbao Electrical Appliances Holdings Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/12Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis
    • B26D1/25Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a non-circular cutting member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/08Means for actuating the cutting member to effect the cut
    • B26D5/086Electric, magnetic, piezo-electric, electro-magnetic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/12Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/12Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis
    • B26D1/14Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a circular cutting member, e.g. disc cutter
    • B26D1/143Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a circular cutting member, e.g. disc cutter rotating about a stationary axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D3/00Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor
    • B26D3/10Making cuts of other than simple rectilinear form
    • B26D3/11Making cuts of other than simple rectilinear form to obtain pieces of spiral or helical form
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D3/00Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor
    • B26D3/28Splitting layers from work; Mutually separating layers by cutting
    • B26D3/283Household devices therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/0608Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form by pushers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/0641Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form using chutes, hoppers, magazines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D3/00Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor
    • B26D3/28Splitting layers from work; Mutually separating layers by cutting
    • B26D3/283Household devices therefor
    • B26D2003/285Household devices therefor cutting one single slice at each stroke
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D3/00Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor
    • B26D3/28Splitting layers from work; Mutually separating layers by cutting
    • B26D3/283Household devices therefor
    • B26D2003/288Household devices therefor making several incisions and cutting cubes or the like, e.g. so-called "julienne-cutter"
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D2210/00Machines or methods used for cutting special materials
    • B26D2210/02Machines or methods used for cutting special materials for cutting food products, e.g. food slicers

Abstract

本发明涉及食物处理器技术领域,特别指一种刨切机构及使用该机构的刨切机,包括下盖和刨刀组件,所述刨刀组件固定连接有旋转齿轮,所述旋转齿轮可旋转地设于下盖内。本发明将刨刀组件直接与旋转齿轮固定连接,有效提高了传动效率,且稳定性有极大提高,刨丝刨片更均匀,不容易断裂,提高刨丝刨片的质量。

Description

一种刨切机构以及使用该机构的刨切机
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及食物器技术领域,特别指一种刨切机构以及使用该机构的刨丝机。
背景技术
[0002] 随着人们生活水平的不断提高,对于食物要求越来越高,也更多样化。食物处理 器,更具体说,刨丝机作为日常生活用品走进千家万户,为人们所熟知常见。
[0003] 传统的刨切机一般采用手动操作,费时费力,且手动操作时,输入的作用力时大时 小,工作效率较低。为有效解决这一技术问题技术,业内做了诸多探索和研宄,电动刨切机 应运而生了,如授权公布号CN203400062U的中国实用新型专利,其公开了一种带锥形刨切 装置的搅拌机,其在用于刨丝刨片时,用刨丝刨片机构替换原有的搅拌机构,具体而言,包 括驱动马达、减速装置、转接轴、输入轴、转向齿轮组、旋刀轴等,所述转接轴与输入轴之间 有减震机构,所述输入轴与旋刀轴设有转向齿轮组。上述这种结构,传动距离长,严重影响 传动的有效性以及传动功率,更为严重的是,结构复杂,制作维护成本均较高,稳定性较差, 亦导致刨丝刨片不均匀,即刨丝刨片时,会容易出现断裂。
[0004] 故而现有技术尚有较大的改进空间。
发明内容
[0005] 本发明的目的是提出一种刨切机构以及使用该刨切机构的刨切机,其极大地提高 了传动效率以及稳定性,刨丝刨片更均匀,不容易出现断裂,质量更佳。
[0006] 为了达到上述目的,本发明采用的技术方案如下:
[0007] 本发明所述的一种刨切机构,包括下盖和刨刀组件,所述刨刀组件固定连接有旋 转齿轮,所述旋转齿轮可旋转地设于下盖内。所述旋转齿轮与刨刀组件直接固定连接,有效 提高了传动效率,同时提高稳定性,使本发明刨丝刨片更均匀,质量更佳。
[0008] 根据上述方案,所述下盖内上部成型有上容纳圆腔,下盖内下部成型有下容纳圆 腔,所述上容纳圆腔与下容纳圆腔同轴心设置,所述上容纳圆腔的半径大于下容纳圆腔的 半径,所述上容纳圆腔与下容纳圆腔的连接处成型有圆环形台阶部;所述旋转齿轮可旋转 地设于上容纳圆腔内,且由定位机构限定刨刀组件上下移动,所述刨刀组件上端与旋转齿 轮配合固定连接,刨刀组件下端伸入下容纳圆腔内。将旋转齿轮安装结构进一步具体化,可 操作性更强。
[0009] 根据上述方案,所述旋转齿轮与圆环形台阶部之间设有减摩擦装置。这样设置,旋 转齿轮驱动刨刀组件的效果更佳,更有利于延长本发明使用寿命。
[0010] 根据上述方案,所述圆环形台阶部上周向方向设有若干安装孔,所述安装孔内设 有可随旋转齿轮转动的滚轮将减摩擦装置结构具体化,旋转齿轮转动时,滚轮一起旋转,有 效减小了旋转齿轮的摩擦力,提高了传动效率。
[0011] 根据上述方案,所述定位机构包括上盖,所述上盖内成型有进料口,所述上盖底部 与下盖上部扣合连接。可以有效防止刨刀组件上下移动,提高了刨丝刨片的稳定性。
[0012]根据上述方案,所述进料口底部外周设有若干定位凸,所述若干定位凸与刨刀组 件对应设置。这样设置,定位凸与刨刀组件连接,在限定刨刀组件位置的同时,可以有效减 小与刨刀组件之间的摩擦。
[0013]根据上述方案,所述进料口底部外周设有若干套管,所述若干定位凸对应设有于 若干套管内,所述定位凸与套管底部之间设有压缩弹簧。这样,可以进一步减小定位凸与刨 刀组件之间的作用力,从而减小摩擦。
[0014] 根据上述方案,所述旋转齿轮中部成型有通孔,所述通孔外周的旋转齿轮上设有 若干定位槽;所述刨刀组件包括法兰片以及固定于法兰片底部中间位置的刀架,所述刀架 上设有刨刀片;所述法兰片底部周边上设有若干定位条,所述旋转齿轮与刨刀组件通过若 干定位槽与若干定位条对应配合连接。这样设置,有利于安装和拆卸,且结构更紧凑。
[0015] 根据上述方案,所述刨刀片包括刨刀片A,所述刨刀片A固定于刀架上。便于本发明 有效切片。
[0016] 根据上述方案,所述刨刀片还包括若干刨刀片B,所述刨刀片A的刃口和若干刨刀 片B的刃口交叉设置。这样设置,可以有效调节所刨食物的形状,满足人们对食物多样化的 需求。
[0017] 根据上述方案,所述上盖的进料口内腔活动插装有推料棒,所述推料棒底部设有 止转机构A或者进料口内侧壁设置有止转机构B。这样设置,可以防止食物在刨切的时候旋 转,进一步提高刨切的稳定性。
[0018] 本发明所述的一种刨切机,包括座机组件、减速箱组件、容器以及刨切机构;所述 减速箱组件设于座机组件上,所述减速箱组件驱动刨切机构的旋转齿轮旋转,所述容器对 应设于丝刨片机构下方。使用刨切机构的刨切机构,其技术效果与刨切机构技术效果相同, 有利于提1¾整机品质。
[0019] 本发明的刨切机构,一种刨切机构,包括下盖、旋转齿轮以及刨刀组件,所述旋转 齿轮与刨刀组件固定连接,所述旋转齿轮可旋转地设于下盖内。有效缩短了传动连接部件, 提高了传动效率和稳定性,这样,刨丝刨片更加均匀,刨丝刨片不容易出现断裂,质量更佳。
附图说明
[0020] 图1是本发明刨切机构的分解结构示意图;
[0021] 图2是本发明刨切机构的剖视结构示意图;
[0022] 图3是本发明刨切机构局部分解结构示意图;
[0023]图4是本发明刨切机整体结构示意图。
[0024]图中:1、刨切机构;11、推料棒;111、止转机构A; 12、上盖;121、套管;122、定位凸; 123、进料口; 124、止转机构B;进料口; 13、旋转齿轮;131、定位槽;132、通孔;14、滚轮;15、下 盖;151、上容纳圆腔;152、下容纳圆腔;153、圆环形台阶部;154、安装孔;16、刨刀组件;161、 法兰片;162、刀架;163、定位条;164、刨刀片A; 165、刨刀片B;2、减速箱组件;3、容器;4、座机 组件;41、支撑部。
具体实施方式
[0025]下面结合附图与实施例对本发明的技术方案进行说明。
[0026]如图1-图3所示,本发明所述的一种刨切机构,包括下盖15和刨刀组件16,所述刨 刀组件16固定连接有旋转齿轮13与,所述旋转齿轮13可旋转地设于下盖15内。
[0027]具体而言,所述下盖15内上部成型有上容纳圆腔151,下盖15内下部成型有下容纳 圆腔152,所述上容纳圆腔151与下容纳圆腔152同轴心设置,所述上容纳圆腔151的半径大 于下容纳圆腔I52的半径,所述上容纳圆腔151与下容纳圆腔152的连接处成型有圆环形台 阶部153。所述旋转齿轮13可旋转地设于上容纳圆腔151内,且由定位机构通过限定刨刀组 件16而限定旋转齿轮I3上下移动,所述刨刀组件16上端与旋转齿轮13配合固定连接,可以 是分体设计而后固定连接,也可以是刨刀组件16与旋转齿轮13—体成型,刨刀组件16下端 伸入下容纳圆腔152内。
[0028]本发明在使用时,食物从进料口进入刨刀组件16后,驱动机构带动旋转齿轮13和 刨刀组件16—起旋转,刨刀组件16对食物进行刨丝刨片。因为所述旋转齿轮13与刨刀组件 I6固定连接,传动距离短,从而,有效实现了较高的传动效率以及稳定性,刨丝刨片更加均 匀,不容易出现断裂现象,提高了刨丝刨片的质量。
[0029]所述旋转齿轮13与圆环形台阶部153之间设有减摩擦装置。这样,可以进一步提高 传动效率和稳定性。具体而言,所述圆环形台阶部153上周向方向设有若干安装孔154,所述 安装孔154内设有随旋转齿轮13转动的滚轮14。当旋转齿轮13设于上容纳圆腔151内,其亦 设于滚轮14上,当驱动装置驱动旋转齿轮13时,各滚轮14亦旋转,有效地减小了旋转齿轮13 与圆环形台阶部I53之间的摩擦力。
[0030]所述定位机构包括上盖12,所述上盖12内成型有进料口 123,所述上盖12底部与下 盖15上部扣合连接。可以通过上盖12限定刨刀组件16和旋转齿轮13的上下移动位置,进一 步提闻稳定性。
[0031]所述进料口 123底部外周设有若干定位凸122,所述若千定位凸122与刨刀组件16 对应设置。使用时,若干定位凸122与刨刀组件16接触,这样,在限定刨刀组件16和旋转齿轮 13的上下位置的同时,还可以减小两者之间的摩擦力。本发明优选所述进料口 123底部外周 设有若干套管m,所述若千定位凸I22对应设有于若干套管121内,所述定位凸122与套管 121底部之间设有压缩弹簧。压缩弹簧在确定定位凸122与刨刀组件16接触的同时,进一步 减小定位凸122与刨刀组件16之间的摩擦力。
[0032]所述旋转齿轮13中部成型有通孔132,所述通孔132外周的旋转齿轮13上设有若干 定位槽131。所述刨刀组件16包括法兰片161以及固定于法兰片161底部中间位置的刀架 I62,所述刀架I62上设有刨刀片;所述法兰片161底部周边上设有若干定位条163,所述旋转 齿轮13与刨刀组件16通过若干定位槽131与若干定位条163对应配合连接。这样安装连接方 式,可以方便两者安装连接和拆卸,且两者的安装结构更紧凑,更为重要的是,旋转齿轮13 和刨刀组件16之间的稳定性更好,有利于刨丝刨片更均匀。
[0033]关于所述刨刀片的具体结构,本发明有两种实施方式:一是,所述刨刀片包括刨刀 片A164,所述刨刀片A164固定于刀架162上,这时,主要用于切片。二是,所述刨刀片包括刨 刀片A164和若干刨刀片B165,所述刨刀片A164的刃口和若干刨刀片B165的刃口交叉设置, 这样设置,所述刨刀片A164的刃口和若干刨刀片B165的刃口交叉设置的角度、高度以及宽 度不同,其刨得的丝的横截面的形状会有较大差异,比如丝的横截面可以是棱形、三角形 等,进一步调整述刨刀片AIM和若干刨刀片Bl65的配合形状后,甚至使刨得的丝的横截面 的形状可以是圆形、椭圆形等,通过调节刨刀片A164和若干刨刀片B165刃口的高度和宽度, 使刨得的丝的横截面粗细不同,如果不设置刨刀片B165,就可以刨片,这样,可以极大地满 足人们对食物多样化的要求。
[0034]所述上盖12的进料口 123内腔活动插装有推料棒11,特别值得说明的是,
[0035]所述推料棒11底部设有止转机构A111或者进料口 123内壁上设有止转机构B124具 体而言,为设置于推料棒11底部或者进料口 123内壁上的片状结构。当待刨食物从上盖12的 进料口 123中进入,可以用推料棒11将待刨食物推入旋转的刨刀组件16内,止转机构A或止 转机构B则可以防止食物跟随刨刀组件16旋转,从而顺利实现刨丝刨片。
[0036]如图4所示,本发明所述的刨切机,包括座机组件4、减速箱组件2、容器3以及刨切 机构1;所述减速箱组件2设于座机组件4上,所述刨切机构1由减速箱组件2驱动,所述容器3 对应设于丝刨片机构1下方。更具体而言,所述减速箱组件2为齿轮组件,所述齿轮组件与旋 转齿轮13啮合连接,驱动旋转齿轮13旋转。
[0037]所述座机组件4设有支撑部41,所述容器3设有支撑部41上。所述刨切机构1所得刨 丝刨片进入容器3内存放。
[0038]因本发明所述的刨切机使用了本发明所述的刨切机构,其具有传动效率高,稳定 性强,刨丝刨片均匀且不容易断裂等技术优点。
[0039]以上所述仅是本发明的较佳实施方式,故凡依本发明专利申请范围所述的构造、 特征及原理所做的等效变化或修饰,均包括于本发明专利申请范围内。

Claims (9)

1. 一种刨切机构,包括下盖和刨刀组件,所述刨刀组件固定连接有旋转齿轮,所述旋转 齿轮可旋转地设于下盖内; 所述下盖内上部成型有上容纳圆腔,下盖内下部成型有下容纳圆腔,所述上容纳圆腔 与下容纳圆腔同轴心设置,所述上容纳圆腔的半径大于下容纳圆腔的半径,所述上容纳圆 腔与下容纳圆腔的连接处成型有圆环形台阶部; 所述旋转齿轮可旋转地设于上容纳圆腔内,且由定位机构限定刨刀组件上下移动; 所述刨刀组件上端与旋转齿轮一体成型,刨刀组件下端伸入下容纳圆腔内; 其特征在于,所述旋转齿轮与圆环形台阶部之间设有减摩擦装置,所述圆环形台阶部 上周向方向设有若千安装孔,所述安装孔内设有可随旋转齿轮转动的滚轮。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的刨切机构,其特征在于,所述定位机构包括上盖,所述上盖内 成型有进料口,所述上盖底部与下盖上部扣合连接。
3. 根据权利要求2所述的刨切机构,其特征在于,所述进料口底部外周设有若干定位 凸,所述若干定位凸与刨刀组件对应设置。
4. 根据权利要求3所述的刨切机构,其特征在于,所述进料口底部外周设有若千套管, 所述若干定位凸对应设于若干套管内,所述定位凸与套管底部之间设有压缩弹簧。
5. 根据权利要求4所述的刨切机构,其特征在于,所述旋转齿轮中部成型有通孔,所述 通孔外周的旋转齿轮上设有若干定位槽;所述刨刀组件包括法兰片以及固定于法兰片底部 中间位置的刀架,所述刀架上设有刨刀片;所述法兰片底部周边上设有若干定位条,所述旋 转齿轮与刨刀组件通过若干定位槽与若干定位条对应配合连接。
6. 根据权利要求5所述的刨切机构,其特征在于,所述刨刀片包括刨刀片A,所述刨刀片 A固定于刀架上。
7. 根据权利要求6所述的刨切机构,其特征在于,所述刨刀片还包括若干刨刀片B,所述 刨刀片A的刃口和若干刨刀片B的刃口交叉设置。
8. 根据权利要求4所述的刨切机构,其特征在于,所述上盖的进料口内腔活动插装有推 料棒,所述推料棒底部设有止转机构A或者进料口内侧壁设置有止转机构B。
9. 一种使用权利要求1-8任一所述刨切机构的刨切机,其特征在于,包括座机组件、减 速箱组件、容器以及刨切机构;所述减速箱组件设于座机组件上,所述减速箱组件驱动刨切 机构的旋转齿轮旋转,所述容器对应设于刨切机构下方。
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