CN105136551B - A kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice core depollutes device - Google Patents

A kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice core depollutes device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105136551B
CN105136551B CN201510445343.3A CN201510445343A CN105136551B CN 105136551 B CN105136551 B CN 105136551B CN 201510445343 A CN201510445343 A CN 201510445343A CN 105136551 B CN105136551 B CN 105136551B
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fixed plates
ice core
movable plate
fixed
neck
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CN105136551A (en
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刘亚平
侯书贵
杜志恒
王超敏
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Northwest Institute of Eco Environment and Resources of CAS
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Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute of CAS
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice core and depolluted device, it is characterized in that neck is combined by " L " shape 2# fixed plates and 1# fixed plates, 1# fixed plates occupy " L " shape 2# fixed plates side, movable plate is located between 1# fixed plates and L " shape 2# fixed plates; the bottom plate and side plate of support slot are joined directly together with neck and the front and rear horizontal support groove face for penetrating, forming front and rear opening;1# fixed plates are concordant with 2# fixed plates end face, 2# fixed plates are provided with through hole and screw, auxiliary fixing axle is parallel with spiral shell axle to be each passed through through hole and screw is fixed on movable plate, movable plate is parallel with 1# fixed plates relative thirty years of age, and ice core is by aiding in fixing axle and spiral shell axle to be fixed between movable plate and 1# fixed plates.The present invention is simple in construction, operation is flexible, time saving and energy saving, efficiently can carry out the continuous work that depollutes to whole section ice core.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice core depollutes device
Technical field
The present invention relates to it is a kind of efficiently, high-resolution and continuous ice core depollute device.
Background technology
Glacier be usually located in, the high altitude localities of low dimensional and south, Arctic, harsh natural environment cause ice core Drill through abnormal difficult, spend extremely expensive, typically provided funds jointly by domestic, international Duo Jia scientific research institutions and cooperate to grind Study carefully completion.Because the sample of acquisition is extremely limited, an ice core sample is generally required to be divided into multiple secondary ice cores and is sent to Domestic, international different laboratory carries out physics, chemistry and bioanalysis to meet the needs of different research projects.Due to ice core Requirement of the trace element analysis to pollution is very high, therefore typically takes the core of ice core as secondary ice core, and further It is depolluted.The decontamination method of traditional ice core trace element analysis is that ice core is horizontally or vertically vacantly placed simultaneously Both ends are fixed on above the device that depollutes, the part of fall ice core external contamination is then cut by rotating ice core, obtain the inside Clean sample is used for the analysis of the chemical compositions such as trace element.Although traditional ice core depollutes, device can obtain low resolution (10-20 cm)Or high-resolution(4-5 cm)Clean ice core sample, effectively meet ice core trace element research needs, But still Shortcomings, show as:
Traditional ice core device that depollutes is only applicable to depolluting for single ice core, can not be to the whole Zhi Bingxin more than 30 cm Continuously depolluted.The ice core length that field drills through is generally 60-100 cm or so, thus traditional ice core depollute device must Ice core must be cut into different size(Such as low resolution 10-30 cm or high-resolution 4-5 cm)Single ice core, so not only Workload is added, while also destroys the continuity and integrality of ice core, easily causes the broken of ice core, it is often more important that New pollution is easily caused during cutting and packing(Such as the pollution of cutting section), so as to finally influence depolluting for ice core Effect.
Traditional ice core depollutes, and the sample size that apparatus structure is complicated, needs is larger, and pollution flow of adding up is complicated, it is desirable to compared with Big workload, it directly affects the efficiency depolluted;Secondly, traditional ice core single ice core in device that depollutes is vacantly to place , after the completion of a section ice core depollutes, ice core is easily caused during unclamping or blocking ice core from both ends from the dress that depollutes Put and drop, it is likely that cause the broken of clean ice core, cause the loss and pollution of sample;The taking, fix of multiple single ice cores, Depollute, depollute after transfer and its packaging etc. add operating time, delayed the process depolluted, reduced scientific research work The efficiency of work.
The content of the invention
Depolluted device in view of the above-mentioned problems, the object of the invention aims to provide a kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice core, the apparatus structure Simply, it is reasonable in design, operation is flexible, time saving and energy saving, the continuous work that depollute effectively can be carried out to whole section ice core, obtained clean Net ice core sample is used for trace chemistry constituent analysis, promotes the development of ice core decontamination dyeing technique, improves the efficiency of research work simultaneously Reduce research cost.
Technical scheme is used by realizing the object of the invention:
A kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice core is depolluted device, including support slot, neck, leg, pedestal, movable plate, auxiliary are fixed Axle and spiral shell axle.It is characterized in that support slot is supported by the leg of bottom, neck bottom is consolidated by base supports, neck by " L " shape 2# Fixed board and 1# fixed plates combine, and 1# fixed plates occupy " L " 2# fixed plates side, and movable plate is located at 1# fixed plates and 2# Between fixed plate;The bottom plate and side plate of support slot are joined directly together with neck and the front and rear horizontal support for penetrating, forming front and rear opening Groove face;1# fixed plates are concordant with 2# fixed plates end face, and 2# fixed plates are provided with through hole and screw, aid in fixing axle and spiral shell axle to put down Row is each passed through through hole and screw is fixed on movable plate, and movable plate is parallel with 1# fixed plates relative thirty years of age, and ice core passes through auxiliary Fixing axle and spiral shell axle are fixed between movable plate and 1# fixed plates.
Compared with prior art, it is an advantage of the invention that:
1. the front and rear insertion of the support slot and neck of the present invention forms horizontal support groove face, therefore to the length of ice core without special It is required that whole Zhi Bingxin(Generally 60-100 cm)Can be directly placed in support slot, it is not necessary to be cut into advance 30 cm with Under single ice core.On the one hand reduce workload, will not also destroy the continuity and integrality of ice core;On the other hand also avoid Cause new pollution during cutting and packing, ensure the effect depolluted.
2nd, the present apparatus is directly placed at whole Zhi Bingxin in level trough, and movement of the ice core in groove is also simply along the bottom of groove Face is slided, therefore unlikely dropped from the device that depollutes of ice core causes damaged and pollution.
3rd, the present apparatus is relatively simple for structure, and by support slot and neck horizontal support, the fixation of ice core is ice for ice core bottom Core is placed between movable plate and fixed plate, carried out using spiral shell axle and auxiliary fixing axle it is local fixed, ice core side and fixed plate and It is face contact between movable plate, contact area is big, and ice core is non-breakable and fixation is easy, quick and reliable, fully meets decontamination The needs of dye, reduce the workload of coast ice core.
4th, the process CIMS that depolluted when the present apparatus is applied it is simple, it is necessary to secondary ice core cubical sample amount it is smaller, no Need to rotate ice core and ice core cutting rate is high compared with conventional method, the processing of sample is up to 20 samples/hour, resolution ratio 3-5 Cm/ samples, the Ice core study that solves the problems, such as to know clearly can obtain that sample size is small, also improve the operating efficiency depolluted, meet high The needs of resolution ratio ice core records research.
5th, the device is that whole Zhi Bingxin is continuously depolluted, after reducing the taking, fix of single ice core, depolluting Transfer and its packaging operating time, accelerate the process depolluted, further increase operating efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is this structural representation;
In figure:1st, support slot, 2, neck, 3, leg, 4, pedestal, 5, movable plate, 6, auxiliary fixing axle, 7, spiral shell axle, 8, hand Handle, 9,1# fixed plates, 10,2# fixed plates, 11, through hole, 12, screw, 13, ice core.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
The device as shown in figure 1, a kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice core depollutes, including support slot 1, neck 2, leg 3, pedestal 4, shifting Dynamic plate 5, auxiliary fixing axle 6 and spiral shell axle 7.Support slot 1 is supported by the leg 3 of bottom, and neck 2 is supported by the pedestal 4 of bottom, neck 2 are combined by " L " shape 2# fixed plates 10 and 1# fixed plates 9, and 1# fixed plates 9 occupy the side of " L " shape 2# fixed plates 10, Mobile edition 5 is between 1# fixed plates 9 and 2# fixed plates 10.Before the bottom plate and side plate of support slot 1 are joined directly together simultaneously with neck 2 After penetrate, form the horizontal support groove face of front and rear opening, the total length of support slot 1 and neck 2 is about 60-70 cm.1# is fixed Plate 9 is concordant with the end face of 2# fixed plates 10, and the width of neck 2 is more than the width of support slot 1, can so ensure movable plate 5 in neck 2 Inside there are enough mobile spaces.2# fixed plates 10 are provided with through hole 11 and screw 12, and fixing axle 6 is parallel with spiral shell axle 7 wears respectively for auxiliary Cross through hole 11 and screw 12 and be fixed on movable plate 5.Movable plate 5 is parallel with 1# fixed plates 9 relative thirty years of age, and ice core 13 passes through Auxiliary fixing axle 6 and spiral shell axle 7 are fixed between movable plate 5 and 1# fixed plates 9.
It is placed on before use, the ice core device that depollutes will be cleaned up on superclean bench desktop, and gets out secondary ice core 13 cubes.During work, ice core 13 is lain in a horizontal plane in ice core guide groove first and pays attention to the tandem of ice core, according to research It is required that resolution ratio(Such as 4 cm)The cut-off rule of each sample is depicted in every 4 cm in the surface of ice core 13 using scale and pointed cone, so Ice core 13 is transferred in the support slot 1 and neck 2 of the device that depollutes afterwards, pays special attention to allow the front end of ice core 13 to be placed on neck 2 one end.As fruit ice core 13 is longer(More than 60-70 cm), then the end of ice core 13 is extended to outside support slot 1 and level is hanging.Move Dynamic ice core 13, allow its one side to be close to 1# fixed plates 9 and allow 13 front end of ice core first, 4 cm sample segments lines to protrude the side of neck 2 Outer 1 cm of edge or so(Both ice core protruded 5 cm or so outside the edge of neck 2).Staff stands towards the long axis direction of ice core 13, first Using left hand rotary handle 8 allow the precession of spiral shell axle 7 and and then drive movable plate 5 to be slided along the bottom surface of neck 2, and towards fixed plate 9 Direction is moved, and auxiliary fixing axle 6 drives synchronizing moving by movable plate 5, can prevent movable plate 5 from deflecting, last movable plate 5 and ice The side of core 13 is completely attached to, and ice core 13 is fixed between movable plate 5 and 1# fixed plates 9 by appropriate firmly rotation spiral shell axle 7, now may be used Release handle 8.
When depolluting, operator station is on the right side of superclean bench, and towards the front end of ice core 13, both hands wear disposable plastic hand Set holds scraper by scraper into contact ice wicking surface, and then force allows scraper to promote until the edge of neck 2 ice in-core is horizontal, During knives forward, the mm ice core of 5 13 top of cm ice core 0.5 ~ 0.7 is scraped away first outside the prominent edge of neck 2, then 90 degree of scraper and vertical thrust are reversed, 0.5 ~ 0.7 mm ice cores of the right side of ice core 13 are scraped away, finally according to said method scraping successively The bottom of fall ice core 13 and the mm of left side 0.5 ~ 0.7.In order to ensure consistency of thickness that the surrounding of ice core 13 scrapes away, while depolluting To observe at any time, if variable thickness causes to repeat to depollute, action is until one sample of completion depollutes.Ice core 13 is gone After the completion of pollution, the plastic sample bottle cap cleaned up is opened, then left hand holds the clean ice that sample bottle depollutes completion Core retainer plate in sample bottle, hold scraper and from top to bottom vertically break apart by chopping ice core at about 1 cm outside the protrusion neck 2 of ice core 13 edge by the right hand 13, the ice core 13 of fracture enters in sample bottle, covers bottle cap at once.
After one ice core sample of completion depollutes, left hand, which unscrews handle 8, allows spiral shell axle 7 to drive movable plate 5 away from 1# fixed plates 9 And depart from ice core 13, promote ice core 13 to be moved to correct position to outside the edge of neck 2 from the top of ice core 13 with hand(5 cm)After stop Only move, retighten, start the work that depollutes of next sample, until completing the work that depollutes of whole ice core.

Claims (1)

  1. Device, including support slot 1. a kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice core depollutes(1), neck(2), leg(3), pedestal(4), movable plate (5), auxiliary fixing axle(6), spiral shell axle(7), 1# fixed plates(9), 2# fixed plates(10), it is characterized in that support slot(1)By bottom Leg(3)Support, neck(2)By the pedestal of bottom(4)Support, neck(2)By " L " shape 2# fixed plates(10)Consolidate with 1# Fixed board(9)Combine, 1# fixed plates(9)Occupy " L " shape 2# fixed plates(10)Side, movable plate(5)Positioned at 1# fixed plates (9)With 2# fixed plates(10)Between;Support slot(1)Bottom plate and side plate and neck(2)Simultaneously front and rear insertion is joined directly together, is formed The horizontal support groove face of front and rear opening;1# fixed plates(9)With 2# fixed plates(10)End face is concordant, 2# fixed plates(10)It is provided with Through hole(11)And screw(12), aid in fixing axle(6)With spiral shell axle(7)It is parallel to be each passed through through hole(11)And screw(12)It is fixed on Movable plate(5)On, movable plate(5)With 1# fixed plates(9)It is parallel relative thirty years of age, ice core(13)By aiding in fixing axle(6)And spiral shell Axle(7)It is fixed on movable plate(5)With 1# fixed plates(9)Between.
CN201510445343.3A 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 A kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice core depollutes device Active CN105136551B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202224971U (en) * 2011-08-02 2012-05-23 浙江吉润汽车有限公司 Clamp for mechanical processing
CN104416387A (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-03-18 西安志越机电科技有限公司 Shaft work piece clamping device
CN204262847U (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-15 吴中区长桥诚惠机械加工厂 A kind of machine tooling clip with position auto-fixing function tool
CN204262829U (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-15 吴中区长桥诚惠机械加工厂 The electronic stationary fixture of a kind of lathe process
CN204831888U (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-02 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Ice core device that depollutes

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202224971U (en) * 2011-08-02 2012-05-23 浙江吉润汽车有限公司 Clamp for mechanical processing
CN104416387A (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-03-18 西安志越机电科技有限公司 Shaft work piece clamping device
CN204262847U (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-15 吴中区长桥诚惠机械加工厂 A kind of machine tooling clip with position auto-fixing function tool
CN204262829U (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-15 吴中区长桥诚惠机械加工厂 The electronic stationary fixture of a kind of lathe process
CN204831888U (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-02 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Ice core device that depollutes

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Effective date of registration: 20200819

Address after: 730000 No.318, Donggang West Road, Chengguan District, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province

Patentee after: NORTHWEST INSTITUTE OF ECO-ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCES, CAS

Address before: Chengguan District of Gansu city of Lanzhou province Donggang West Road 730000 No. 320

Patentee before: Institute of environment and Engineering in cold and dry areas, Chinese Academy of Sciences

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