CN105134472A - Mooring movement type tidal current electric generation testing device - Google Patents

Mooring movement type tidal current electric generation testing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105134472A
CN105134472A CN 201510413749 CN201510413749A CN105134472A CN 105134472 A CN105134472 A CN 105134472A CN 201510413749 CN201510413749 CN 201510413749 CN 201510413749 A CN201510413749 A CN 201510413749A CN 105134472 A CN105134472 A CN 105134472A
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cabin
electric
generator
connected
buoyancy
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CN 201510413749
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Chinese (zh)
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田应元
喻剑
袁日
李小涛
陈刚
余忠晶
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中国船舶重工集团公司第七一〇研究所
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea
    • Y02E10/38Wave energy or tidal swell, e.g. Pelamis-type

Abstract

The invention discloses a mooring movement type tidal current electric generation testing device which can provide test verification for high-efficiency tidal current electric generation. According to the structure, lift force wings are arranged on the two sides of a cabin body of a buoyancy cabin respectively; an electric generator cabin is transversely arranged below the buoyancy cabin; the bottom of the buoyancy cabin is fixedly connected with the top of the electric generator cabin through a hanging beam; an impeller with a diversion cover is arranged on the head portion of the electric generator cabin; a flow velocity sensor and a depth sensor are arranged on the tail portion of the electric generator cabin; in the electric generator cabin, a shaft of an electric generator is fixedly connected with a middle shaft of the impeller with the diversion cover; a measurement and control circuit board obtains the rotating speed of the electric generator, the output current value and the output voltage value, is connected with the flow velocity sensor and the depth sensor to obtain the flow velocity measured value and the depth measured value, analyzes the obtained data and outputs a control signal; and the control signal output end is connected with a steering engine. A rudder combination is located between the buoyancy cabin and the electric generator cabin, connected with the steering engine through a square head connection shaft and connected with the bottom of the buoyancy cabin through a thrust bearing.

Description

一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置 A motion flow generation test apparatus mooring formula

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于海洋新能源尤其是潮流能利用试验设备领域。 [0001] The present invention pertains in particular new marine energy field test equipment can take advantage of the trend.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着工业化进程的加快、人口的增长及城市化,能源消费在迅猛增长,传统的不可再生能源已难以维持未来能源需求。 [0002] With the accelerated process of industrialization, population growth and urbanization, the rapid growth in energy consumption, the traditional non-renewable energy has been difficult to sustain future energy needs. 新能源尤其是可再生能源的开发已成为一种必然的趋势。 New energy, especially renewable energy development has become an inevitable trend. 世界各国对可再生能源的开发力度空前加大。 World efforts to develop renewable energy unprecedented increase. 海洋能尤其是潮流能具有能量密度大、周期性强并且稳定可靠的特点,目前已开发出大量的试验设备进行潮流能的转化。 Ocean current energy having a particular energy density, periodic strong and stable and reliable characteristics, has developed a large number of test equipment for conversion of flow energy. 现有的发电装置由其在海水中的安装方式可分为坐底式一一安装在海底并由海底电缆将发出的电输送到岸站;基粧式一一将直立的基粧打入海底,发电装置固定在基粧上并可升至海面进行维护;锚泊式一一发电装置固定在水面漂浮平台上,水面漂浮平台用锚链固定在海底。 By a conventional power generation device installed in seawater embodiment can be divided into eleven bottom-installed subsea electrical subsea cable sent by conveyor to a shore station; group of formula eleven upright makeup base makeup into the seabed power generation device fixed on the base and the makeup was raised to surface for maintenance; eleven anchor type power generating device is fixed on the surface floating platform, the floating platform with the anchor surface to the seafloor.

[0003] 受到恶劣海洋环境的限制,目前大多数潮流能发电装置还处在试验阶段,少数商业化试运行项目也远未达到与常规能源具有竞争力的程度。 [0003] limited by the harsh marine environment, most tidal current energy generation device is still in the experimental stage, a small number of commercial pilot project is far from conventional energy sources to the extent and competitive. 潮流发电目前面临的最大困难是由技术难度带来的制造、安装、发电及维护等成本过高。 The greatest difficulty now facing the trend of power generation is brought about by the technical difficulty of the cost of manufacture, installation, and maintenance of power generation is too high. 因此需要开发一种具有低加工及运行成本的新型潮流能发电装置,锚泊运动式潮流发电装置作为一种可能的选择是目前研究的热点。 It is necessary to develop a new trend has low running costs of processing and energy generation equipment, power plant mooring sporty trend as a possible choice is hot topic at present.

[0004] 传统的坐底式、基粧式及锚泊式潮流能发电装置发电状态下平台基本处于固定状态,因此当潮流流速一定时,发电装置所发出的电能直接与叶轮的直径成正比。 [0004] The conventional bottom-, and a group of formula mooring makeup flow type power generating device generating substantially internet state in a fixed state, so when the flow velocity constant power, the power generation device is directly proportional to the emitted impeller diameter. 由于潮流流速一般不超过4m/s,大多数可利用的潮流流速仅2m/s左右,因此常规潮流发电装置的叶轮直径需要设计的较大才能发出可观的电能,这样就导致了整个发电装置的尺寸体积及重量均很大,带来的影响是制造、安装、运行维护等成本巨大。 Since the trend of the flow rate of not more than 4m / s, the flow velocity can be utilized most only 2m / s or so, and therefore the conventional flow impeller diameter power generation apparatus needs to be designed large in order to issue considerable power, thus leading the entire power generating device volume huge size and weight are great, the impact of manufacturing, installation, operation and maintenance costs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 有鉴于此,本发明提供了一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,该装置能够为高效率的潮流发电提供试验验证。 [0005] Accordingly, the present invention provides a sporty fashion mooring generation test apparatus which can provide for efficient verification test trend generation.

[0006] 为了达到上述目的,本发明的技术方案为:该装置由浮力舱、升力翼、带导流罩的叶轮、发电机舱、发电机、测试及控制组件、舵机、舵组合、吊梁、流速传感器和深度传感器组成。 [0006] To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is: the apparatus buoyancy tanks, lift the wing, with the shroud of the impeller, the nacelle, the generator, and the test control module, steering gear, steering combination, lifting beam , flow sensor and a depth sensor.

[0007] 浮力舱为流体外形的密封壳体;升力翼为翼型结构;吊梁为低阻截面外形的中空柱体结构;发电机舱为圆柱体结构; [0007] buoyancy chamber to the fluid seal housing profile; lift wing airfoil structure; hanging the hollow cylinder structures to the beam cross-sectional profile of the low resistance; cylindrical structure of the nacelle;

[0008] 测试及控制组件包括测控电路板以及电池,电池为测控电路板供电。 [0008] Test and measurement and control assembly includes a control circuit board and a battery, a battery power monitoring and control board.

[0009] 连接关系为:浮力舱舱体两侧各安装一片升力翼;发电机舱横置于浮力舱下方,浮力舱底部通过吊梁与发电机舱顶部固连;发电机舱头部安装带导流罩的叶轮、尾部安装流速传感器和深度传感器;发电机舱内具有发电机、测试及控制组件以及舵机;其中发电机的轴与带导流罩的叶轮的中轴固连;测控电路板与发电机连接获取发电机转速、输出电流值和输出电压值,测控电路板同时与流速传感器和深度传感器连接获取流速测量值和深度测量值,测控电路板通过对所获取的数据进行分析并输出控制信号,控制信号输出端连接舵机;舵组合位于浮力舱和发电机舱之间,舵组合通过方头连接轴与舵机相连,通过推力轴承与浮力舱底部相连。 [0009] connected relationship: buoyancy pods spaces on both sides of each mounting a lift flap; nacelle lateral buoyancy tanks disposed below the bottom of the buoyancy tank by lifting the top of the nacelle is secured to the beam; a head mount band nacelle Shroud impeller tail mounted flow sensor and a depth sensor; a generator having a generator compartment, and a steering control assembly and testing; axis secured to the impeller shaft of the generator with the shroud; control circuit board and the generator Get connected to the generator speed, the output current value and output voltage value, while the measurement and control circuit board is connected to the flow sensor and a depth sensor and depth measurements acquired velocity measurements, measurement and control circuit board by analyzing the acquired data and outputs a control signal, control signal output terminal connected to the steering gear; rudder and the composition is positioned between the buoyancy tanks nacelle connected to the steering shaft and the steering gear are connected by a combination of square head, is connected via a thrust bearing and the bottom of the buoyancy tank.

[0010] 进一步地,该装置还包括加强条,加强条为低阻截面外形的铝制金属条,连接在浮力舱与发电机舱之间、升力翼与发电机舱之间。 [0010] Further, the apparatus further comprising a reinforcing strip, the metal strip reinforcing strip is a low-resistance aluminum-sectional profile, the connection between the buoyancy tank and the generator space between the nacelle and the wing lift.

[0011] 进一步地,浮力舱与升力翼材料均为玻璃钢;吊梁材料为铝。 [0011] Further, the buoyancy of the lift cabin and the wing materials are fiberglass; lifting beam material is aluminum.

[0012] 进一步地,带导流罩的叶轮,其中导流罩为玻璃钢薄壁圆筒形结构,导流罩内壁与叶轮外沿的距离不大于1mm。 [0012] Further, with the impeller shroud, wherein the shroud is a thin-walled cylindrical structure of fiberglass, an inner wall of the shroud from the outer edge of the impeller is not more than 1mm.

[0013] 进一步地,发电机与叶轮二者轴以密封方式直接连接。 [0013] Further, both the generator and the impeller shaft is directly connected in a sealed manner.

[0014] 进一步地,电路板会根据流速和深度信息来绘制本装置的运动轨迹,并依据运动轨迹找到合适的操舵时机发出控制指令控制舵机进行转向。 [0014] Further, the circuit board may be drawn trajectory and velocity of the apparatus according to the depth information, and to find the right time to issue control instructions to control the steering servo steering based trajectory.

[0015] 进一步地,舵机由测试及控制组件的电池进行供电。 [0015] Further, the steering gear powered by a battery testing and control assembly.

[0016] 进一步地,舵组合的结构包括通过中轴相连的推力轴承、舵板以及连接轴承;其中,中轴位于舵板的一侧,推力轴承和连接轴承分别位于中轴上方、下方;中轴通过连接轴承中心延伸出一段方头连接轴。 [0016] Furthermore, the rudder axis by a combination structure comprising a thrust bearing coupled to, connected to the rudder plate, and a bearing; wherein the rudder axis located at one side of the thrust bearing and connected to the bearing axis respectively above, below; the shaft connecting shaft extending through the connecting section of the head side bearing center.

[0017] 有益效果: [0017] beneficial effects:

[0018] 1、本发明所提供的潮流发电试验装置的特点是发电装置由承力电缆锚泊在海底,当潮流足够大时通过操舵改变浮力舱在水中的受力,从而使发电装置平台能够在水中产生沿一定规划路径的运动,类似风筝栓在海底,通过控制随着潮流的运动“飞”起来。 [0018] 1, the characteristics of current generation test apparatus of the present invention provides a power generating apparatus mooring a load-bearing cables on the seabed when the current is large enough to change the buoyancy tank forces in the water passing through the steering, so that the power generation device platform in the water produced along a certain path planning of movement, similar to a kite tied to the sea floor by controlling the movement along with the trend of the "fly" up. 平台在水中的运动速度通常能达到潮流流速的6〜8倍,最大甚至达到10倍,因此对潮流的流速起到了“放大”的效果,实现了高效的潮流发电。 Internet in water velocity 6 ~ 8 times the current usually flow rate reaches the maximum even up to 10 times, so the flow velocity has played a "zoom" effect, enables efficient flow generation.

[0019] 2、本装置与常规潮流发电方法相比发出相同的电能所需的发电装置尺度大大地减小了,其制造、安装、运行维护的成本也就相应减少,使潮流能发电具有商业化运行的竞争力成为可能。 [0019] 2, the present apparatus and method of the conventional flow emitted power required compared to the same scale power generator is greatly reduced, the manufacturing cost of installation, operation and maintenance is correspondingly reduced, so that power generation current commercial run of competitiveness made possible.

[0020] 3、本装置能够获取锚泊运动式潮流发电装置的运动及控制参数,为实现更高效率的潮流发电提供数据基础。 [0020] 3, the present apparatus can obtain the motion parameters and control the movement of formula mooring flow generating device, there is provided a data foundation for more efficient flow of electricity.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021] 图1一一种锚泊运动式潮流发电装置试验模型平台含内部结构; [0021] FIG. 1-Mooring sporty fashion test model generating means including internal structure of the platform;

[0022] 图2—一种锚泊运动式潮流发电装置试验模型平台结构图; [0022] Figure 2 - Mooring sporty fashion test model generation device configuration diagram of internet;

[0023] 图3—一种锚泊运动式潮流发电装置试验模型平台剖面示意图; [0023] Figure 3 - Mooring sporty fashion test model generation apparatus internet sectional view;

[0024] 图4一操舵与运动轨迹关系示意图; [0024] a steering 4 and a schematic view showing the relationship between the trajectory;

[0025] 图5—一种锚泊运动式潮流发电装置试验模型安装示意图; [0025] Figure 5 - Mooring sporty fashion test model generator installation diagram;

[0026] 图6—叶轮结构图; [0026] FIGS. 6 to FIG impeller structure;

[0027] 图7—舵组合结构图。 [0027] Figure 7 - a rudder combination structure of FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0028] 下面结合附图并举实施例,对本发明进行详细描述。 [0028] The following embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments, the present invention will be described in detail.

[0029] 本发明提供了一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,如图1、2、3所示,该装置由浮力舱1、升力翼2、带导流罩4的叶轮3、发电机舱5、发电机6、测试及控制组件7、舵机8、舵组合9、吊梁10、流速传感器和深度传感器组成; [0029] The present invention provides a sporty fashion mooring generation test apparatus shown in FIG. 2, 3, the apparatus buoyancy tanks 1, 2 lift the wing, with the impeller 4 of the shroud 3, the nacelle 5 generator 6, the test and the control element 7, steering gear 8, 9 rudder combination, lifting beam 10, depth sensors and flow sensors;

[0030] 浮力舱I为流体外形的密封壳体;升力翼2为翼型结构;吊梁10为低阻截面外形的中空柱体结构;发电机舱5为圆柱体结构; [0030] I buoyancy tanks sealed housing of the fluid profile; 2 lift wing airfoil structure; lifting beam 10 is a low resistance cross-sectional profile of the hollow cylinder structure; nacelle 5 is a cylinder structure;

[0031 ] 测试及控制组件7包括测控电路板以及电池,电池为测控电路板供电; [0031] Test and control assembly 7 comprises a measurement and control circuit board and a battery, a battery power monitoring and control board;

[0032] 连接关系为:浮力舱I舱体两侧各安装一片升力翼2 ;发电机舱5横置于浮力舱I下方,浮力舱I底部通过吊梁10与发电机舱顶部固连;发电机舱5头部安装带导流罩4的叶轮3、尾部安装流速传感器和深度传感器;发电机舱内具有发电机6、测试及控制组件7以及舵机8 ;其中发电机6的轴与带导流罩4的叶轮3的中轴固连;测控电路板与发电机连接获取发电机转速、输出电流值和输出电压值,测控电路板同时与流速传感器和深度传感器连接获取流速测量值和深度测量值,测控电路板通过对所获取的数据进行分析并输出控制信号,控制信号输出端连接舵机8 ;舵组合9位于浮力舱I和发电机舱5之间,舵组合9通过方头连接轴与舵机8相连,通过推力轴承与浮力舱I底部相连,发电机舱5底部具有与锚链相连接的接口。 [0032] connected relationship: I buoyancy tanks on both sides of each of the pods mounted a lift flap 2; 5 nacelle laterally positioned below the buoyancy tanks I, I buoyancy tank bottom through the top of the nacelle and the crane beam 10 secured; nacelle 5 a head mount band shroud impeller 4 3, tail mounted flow sensor and a depth sensor; a generator having a generator space 6, the test and the control element 7 and the steering gear 8; wherein the shaft of the generator 6 and the shroud band 4 impeller axis 3 secured; Control circuit board connected to the generator speed acquisition generator, the output current value and output voltage value, while the measurement and control circuit board is connected to the flow sensor and a depth sensor and depth measurements acquired velocity measurements, monitoring and control the circuit board by analyzing the acquired data and outputs a control signal, the control signal output terminal connected to the steering gear 8; 9 is located between the rudder composition buoyancy tanks I and the nacelle 5, a combination of steering shaft 9 is connected through a square head and the steering gear 8 It is connected, through the thrust bearing is connected with the bottom of the buoyancy tank I, a nacelle 5 and interface with the bottom power chain is connected.

[0033] 为了能够保证发电机舱与浮力舱和升力翼的固定,该装置还包括加强条11,加强条11为低阻截面外形的铝制金属条,连接在浮力舱I与发电机舱5之间、升力翼2与发电机舱5之间。 [0033] In order to ensure fixing the nacelle and buoyancy tanks lift wing, the apparatus further comprising a reinforcing strip 11, an aluminum strip 11 to strengthen the metal strip cross-sectional profile of the low resistance connection between the buoyancy tanks I and nacelle 5 between 2 and wing lift the nacelle 5.

[0034] 本实施例中,浮力舱I与升力翼2材料均为玻璃钢;吊梁10材料为铝。 [0034] In this embodiment, the wing lift buoyancy tanks I and 2 materials are fiberglass; lifting beam 10 is an aluminum material.

[0035] 本实施例中,带导流罩4的叶轮,其中导流罩4为玻璃钢薄壁圆筒形结构,导流罩4与叶轮3同轴,且导流罩4的内壁与与叶轮叶片的外沿距离不大于1mm。 [0035] In the present embodiment, the belt guide 4 of the shroud, wherein the shroud 4 is a thin-walled cylindrical structure of FRP, 4 coaxially with the impeller shroud 3, and 4 and the inner wall of the shroud and the impeller blades from the outer edge of not more than 1mm. 如图6,叶轮3采用轴流式水轮机叶轮设计方法设计,叶片数为8片,柱形轮毂,叶轮3由玻璃钢整体加工而成。 6, the impeller axial flow turbine impeller 3 design method, the number of blades 8, a cylindrical hub, an impeller 3 made of steel machined from bulk glass.

[0036] 本实施例中,发电机6与叶轮3 二者轴以密封方式直接连接。 [0036] In this embodiment, both the generator 6 and the impeller shaft 3 is directly connected in a sealed manner.

[0037] 本实施例中,电路板会根据流速和深度信息来绘制本装置的运动轨迹,并依据运动轨迹找到合适的操舵时机发出控制指令控制舵机8进行转向。 [0037] In this embodiment, the circuit board may be drawn trajectory and velocity of the apparatus according to the depth information, and to find the right timing of the steering trajectory based a control command to control the steering servo 8. 如图4,当固定舵角为正时,从系泊点侧看发电装置试验模型平台可稳定的保持顺时针圆周运动;当固定舵角为负时,从系泊点侧看发电装置试验模型平台可稳定的保持逆时针圆周运动。 4, when the fixed steering angle is positive, as seen from the mooring point of the power generating apparatus can be stabilized platform test model holding clockwise circular motion; when the fixed steering angle is negative, the test model generator side from the mooring point to see platform can be stably maintained counterclockwise circular motion. 由于实际系泊点位于海底,若保持舵角不变,发电装置平台将撞击到海底,无法正常工作,因此需要控制系统选择适当的时机,通过改变舵角来改变发电装置的运动状态,使发电装置进入稳定的“⑴”形运动状态。 Since the actual subsea mooring point is, if the steering angle remains constant, the power generation device platform will hit to the bottom, it does not work, it is necessary to select appropriate timing control system, to change the motion state of the power generator by changing the steering angle, the generator device enters a stable "⑴" shaped motion. 本电装置试验模型实施例采用深度传感器及姿态传感器组合信号确定操舵时机,同时在试验时可以根据拖曳速度大小设置固定的操舵时间间隔。 This electrical apparatus test model embodiment uses a combination depth sensor and attitude sensor signal determination timing of steering, and can set the size of a fixed time interval according to the steering speed when the test boxes.

[0038] 本实施例中,舵机8由测试及控制组件7的电池进行供电。 [0038] In this embodiment, the steering gear 8 is powered by a battery testing and control assembly 7.

[0039] 本实施例中,舵组合9的结构包括通过中轴相连的推力轴承、舵板以及连接轴承;其中,中轴位于舵板的一侧,推力轴承和连接轴承分别位于中轴上方、下方;中轴通过连接轴承中心延伸出一段方头连接轴。 [0039] In this embodiment, the structure 9 comprising in combination rudder axis connected by a thrust bearing, a bearing and a connecting plate rudder; wherein the rudder axis located at one side of the thrust bearing and connected to the bearing axis respectively above, below; a bearing axis extending through the connector section of the center square head connecting shaft. 如图7,舵组合9由舵板9-1、杆舵9-2、推力轴承9-3等组成。 7, 9 by a steering rudder compositions 9-1, 9-2 rudder shaft, thrust bearings and other components 9-3. 其中杆舵9-2与舵机8的连接接口为方杆。 9-2 wherein the rudder shaft and the steering gear is connected to the interface 8 square bars. 舵组合9与浮力舱I及发电机舱5均用推力轴承9-3连接。 9 are connected to the rudder combination of buoyancy tanks I and nacelle with a thrust bearing 5 9-3.

[0040] 本发明装置在使用时,如图5,承力电缆12连接在发电机舱5的底部并与发电机舱5内部通过水密接插件连接。 [0040] When using the apparatus of the present invention, FIG. 5, the load-bearing cable 12 is connected at the bottom of the nacelle 5 and 5 connected to the internal nacelle watertight connector. 承力电缆12的另一端系泊在拖曳水池池底安装拖架上并引出到拖车上,各试验参数由承力电缆12传输到拖车上的电脑终端,同时拖车上的电脑终端也可以在一定的时机对发电装置试验模型进行主动控制。 The other end of the load-bearing cable mooring lines 12 in a towing tank mounted on the carriage and the bottom lead to the trailer, each test parameter transmitted by the load-carrying cable 12 to a computer terminal on the trailer, while the computer terminals on the trailer may be some the timing of the test model generation device active control. 整个发电装置试验模型配置为微正浮力,浮心在与承力电缆12连接点上方,质心在浮心与承力电缆12连接点之间。 The entire device configured as a micro test model generating positive buoyancy, the center of buoyancy 12 is connected between a point above the load-bearing cable, the centroid 12 is connected in the floating point core and the load-bearing cable.

[0041] 综上,以上仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非用于限定本发明的保护范围。 [0041] In summary, the foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. 凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 Any modification within the spirit and principle of the present invention, made, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,其特征在于,该装置由浮力舱(I )、升力翼(2)、带导流罩(4)的叶轮(3)、发电机舱(5)、发电机(6)、测试及控制组件(7)、舵机(8)、舵组合(9)、吊梁(10)、流速传感器和深度传感器组成; 所述浮力舱(I)为流体外形的密封壳体;所述升力翼(2)截面为翼型结构;所述吊梁(10)为截面外形的中空柱体结构;所述发电机舱(5)为圆柱体结构; 所述测试及控制组件(7)包括测控电路板以及电池,所述电池为测控电路板供电;连接关系为:所述浮力舱(I)舱体两侧各安装一片升力翼(2);所述发电机舱(5)横置于浮力舱(I)下方,浮力舱(I)底部通过吊梁(10)与发电机舱顶部固连;发电机舱(5)头部安装所述带导流罩(4)的叶轮(3)、尾部安装流速传感器和深度传感器;发电机舱内具有发电机(6)、测试及控制组件(7)以及舵机(8);其中所述发电机(6)的轴与所述带 A mooring sporty fashion generation test apparatus, wherein the apparatus buoyancy tanks (the I), the lift flap (2), an impeller (3) with a shroud (4) of the nacelle (5), generator (6), the test and the control element (7), steering (8), a combination of the rudder (9), lifting beam (10), depth sensors, and flow sensors; the buoyancy tank (I) is a fluid profile seal housing; lift the wing (2) is a cross-sectional profile structure; the lifting beam (10) has a hollow cross-sectional shape of the pillar structure; the nacelle (5) is a cylindrical structure; the test and control assembly (7) comprises a measurement and control circuit board and a battery, the battery power is a measurement and control circuit board; connection relationship: the buoyant chamber (I) on both sides of each of the pods mounted a lift flap (2); said nacelle (5 ) positioned laterally buoyancy tanks (I) below, the buoyancy tanks (I) by lifting the bottom of the top beam (10) is fixedly connected with the nacelle; nacelle (5) with the head-mounted impeller shroud (4) ( 3), the flow velocity sensor and tail mounted depth sensor; cabin generator having a generator (6), the test and the control element (7) and a steering gear (8); wherein the shaft of the generator (6) and the belt 流罩(4)的叶轮(3)的中轴固连;所述测控电路板与发电机连接获取发电机转速、输出电流值和输出电压值,所述测控电路板同时与流速传感器和深度传感器连接获取流速测量值和深度测量值,测控电路板通过对所获取的数据进行分析并输出控制信号,控制信号输出端连接舵机(8);舵组合(9)位于浮力舱(I)和发电机舱(5)之间,舵组合(9)通过方头连接轴与舵机(8)相连,通过推力轴承与浮力舱(I)底部相连。 An impeller (3) of the flow hood (4) secured to the central axis; Control circuit board while the flow rate sensor and a depth sensor circuit board connected to the generator speed acquisition generator, the output current value and output voltage value, the monitoring and control connections to obtain measured flow rate and depth measurements, measurement and control circuit board by analyzing the acquired data, and outputs a control signal, the control signal output of the servo (8); a combination of a rudder (9) located in the buoyancy tanks (I) and power between the nacelle (5), a combination of the rudder (9) is connected to the steering shaft (8) by the square head is connected, via a thrust bearing coupled to the bottom buoyancy chamber (I).
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,其特征在于,该装置还包括加强条(11),所述加强条(11)为截面外形的铝制金属条,连接在浮力舱(I)与发电机舱(5)之间、升力翼(2)与发电机舱(5)之间。 2. Mooring sporty fashion generation test apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that, the apparatus further comprising a reinforcing strip (11), said reinforcing strip (11) is made of aluminum metal strip cross-sectional profile, is connected between the buoyancy tank (I) and the nacelle (5), the lift flap (2) and the nacelle (5).
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,其特征在于,所述浮力舱(I)与所述升力翼(2)材料均为玻璃钢;吊梁(10)材料为铝。 3. Mooring sporty fashion generation test apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the buoyancy chamber (I) of the lift flap (2) materials are fiberglass; lifting beam (10) material aluminum.
  4. 4.如权利要求2所述的一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,其特征在于,所述带导流罩(4)的叶轮,其中导流罩(4)为玻璃钢薄壁圆筒形结构,导流罩(4)内壁与叶轮(3)外沿的距离不大于1mm。 4. Mooring claimed sporty fashion generation test apparatus of claim 2 wherein the shroud (4) is a thin-walled cylindrical structure of FRP, characterized in that the shroud band (4) of the impeller, guide flow hood (4) and the inner wall of the impeller (3) from the outer edge of not more than 1mm.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,其特征在于,发电机(6)与叶轮(3) 二者轴以密封方式直接连接。 5. Mooring sporty fashion generation test apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the generator (6) and the impeller (3) are both directly connected to the shaft in a sealed manner.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,其特征在于,电路板会根据流速和深度信息来绘制本装置的运动轨迹,并依据运动轨迹找到合适的操舵时机发出控制指令控制舵机(8 )进行转向。 6. Mooring sporty fashion generation test apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the circuit boards will be drawn trajectory and velocity of the apparatus according to the depth information, and to find the right time to issue a control based on the steering trajectory servo control command (8) for steering.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,其特征在于,舵机(8)由测试及控制组件(7 )的电池进行供电。 7. Mooring sporty fashion generation test apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the steering gear (8) is powered by a battery test and the control element (7).
  8. 8.如权利要求1所述的一种锚泊运动式潮流发电试验装置,其特征在于,所述舵组合(9)的结构包括通过中轴相连的推力轴承、舵板以及连接轴承;其中,中轴位于舵板的一侧,推力轴承和连接轴承分别位于中轴上方、下方冲轴通过所述连接轴承中心延伸出一段方头连接轴。 8. Mooring sporty fashion generation test apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the combination of the rudder (9) by a structure comprising a thrust bearing coupled to the central axis, connected to the rudder plate, and a bearing; wherein, in on one side of the rudder shaft, the thrust bearing and connected to the bearing axis respectively above, below the punch shaft through said bearing shaft connection section extending from a center square head.
CN 201510413749 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Mooring movement type tidal current electric generation testing device CN105134472A (en)

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