Thin sheet of metal apparatus for assembling
The present invention relates to a kind of apparatus for assembling of thin sheet of metal.
Thin sheet of metal assembling refers to and is mounted in the middle of other parts by yielding for some thin sheet of metal (thickness 0.1-0.5mm), sheet metal material comprises permalloy, steel disc, silicon steel, non-crystalline material, nanocrystalline material etc., and thin sheet of metal assembling is mainly widely used in fields such as sensor, transformer, motors.
Mode drawn by existing thin sheet of metal automatic Composition many employings sucker, utilizes image system positioning correcting to assemble.This technology is primarily of manipulator grasping system, vision correction system, assembling formation system composition, thin sheet of metal is placed in specified containers in advance, then manipulator grasping system is utilized thin sheet of metal to be captured to assigned address from specified containers, Image Location System is relied on to ensure the accuracy that thin sheet of metal position is placed in process, after thin sheet of metal placement quantity reaches the numerical value preset, thin sheet of metal assembling puts in place by assembling formation system, forms semifinished or finished goods.
There is following shortcoming in above-mentioned thin sheet of metal assemble method:
1) the mode efficiency adopting sucker to draw is lower.Every plate sheet metal needs utilizes sucker to draw by four axis robot (X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis, R axle), and its action is first motion X-axis, Y-axis, and after arriving assigned address, Z axis moves, and sucker declines and draws thin sheet of metal; The thin sheet of metal of absorption captures and carries out position correction to vision correction position by manipulator; Thin sheet of metal is placed into assigned address by last manipulator, repeats this action until reach the sheet number presetting and will place.Quantity reaches the shaping system acting of rear assembling, all thin sheet of metal is seated, and completes the assembling of parts.Every plate sheet metal is finally in place probably needs 8-10 second from grabbing correction, overall assembling about 5 seconds; To assemble 20 plate sheet metals, comprise and place material and get the semi-finished product that assemble about 30 seconds, altogether need spended time at about 200 seconds.
2) this kind of implementation is by four axis robot, sucker draw frame machine, vision correction System's composition, and four axis robot grasping systems, vision correction system, to assemble shaping entire system price higher.
3) relatively high to environmental requirement, the absorption of wind speed to suction nozzle of surrounding environment has a certain impact, and the dust of surrounding environment has a certain impact to vision correction process.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of thin sheet of metal apparatus for assembling for the above-mentioned state of the art, and they can by thin sheet of metal ease of assembly on assembly parts.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme: thin sheet of metal apparatus for assembling, comprise feeding mechanism, assembling carrier, assembling carrier elevating mechanism, assembling carrier travel mechanism, feeding pressure mechanism and shaped device, assembling carrier places Assembly part, assembling carrier side arranges feeding mechanism, feeding mechanism moves thin sheet of metal and is fixed on Assembly part, below assembling carrier, assembling carrier elevating mechanism is set and is elevated assembling carrier, assembling carrier rear arranges assembling carrier travel mechanism and mobile assembling carrier takes out dress thin sheet of metal assembly, above assembling carrier, feeding pressure mechanism is set, feeding pressure mechanism declines and pushes down thin sheet of metal, assembling carrier side also arranges shaped device, Assembly part is shaping by shaped device after assembling thin sheet of metal.
Above-mentioned feeding mechanism comprises feed bin and base, and base is arranged on assembling carrier side, and on base, horizontally set holds the chute of push rod, and push rod is placed in chute, and putting back-end is connected with charging cylinder and is promoted by charging cylinder; Feed bin is vertically placed on base, and the top of feed bin connects with chute, and the thin sheet of metal in feed bin just falls into chute, when push rod moves forward in chute, promotes thin sheet of metal and moves forward on Assembly part.
Above-mentioned shaped device comprises post forming push rod, post forming assembling cylinder, and post forming putting back-end and post forming are assembled cylinder and be connected, and post forming push rod assembles cylinder by post forming and promotes to make thin sheet of metal shaping together with Assembly part.
Above-mentioned post forming push rod is arranged on base, and this spline structure is simple.
Above-mentioned feeding mechanism and shaped device can be two covers, are separately positioned on assembling carrier two side.
Easily Assembly part can be pushed in order to make thin sheet of metal, also arrange thin sheet of metal position-limit mechanism, position-limit mechanism comprises locating piece and pilot flow, and locating piece is parallel with pilot flow, and to be set in assembling carrier upper and lower, limit thin sheet of metal two side, thus thin sheet of metal is assembled on Assembly part smoothly.
Also arrange unloading mechanism, unloading mechanism comprises assembling carrier and promotes cylinder and pilot flow, promotes cylinder and promotes assembling carrier, thus promote pilot flow, thin sheet of metal and pilot flow are departed from, thus conveniently takes out shaped article after formed product with assembling carrier.
For making thin sheet of metal easily can push pilot flow, reduce fault rate, chamfering is established in the porch of pilot flow.
Also be provided with accident warning device, respectively the scarce material of thin sheet of metal in feed bin and thin sheet of metal reported to the police without charging.
When thin sheet of metal apparatus for assembling uses, after Assembly part puts into assembling carrier, assembling carrier is positioned to and requires position by assembling carrier elevating mechanism, feeding mechanism moves thin sheet of metal and is fixed on Assembly part, the thickness of the thin sheet of metal that then by the action of assembling carrier elevating mechanism, assembling carrier moved down, moving thin sheet of metal by feeding mechanism is again fixed on Assembly part, after having repeated the action frequency preset like this, feeding pressure mechanism compresses thin sheet of metal downwards, shaping mechanism puts in place shaping for all thin sheet of metal, take out parts and complete a half-finished assembling.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that: by package unit, can realize automatically on Assembly part, thin sheet of metal being installed.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention thin sheet of metal apparatus for assembling.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention charge mechanism.
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the state diagram before embodiment of the present invention charging.
Fig. 6 is the state diagram in embodiment of the present invention fill process.
Fig. 7 is embodiment of the present invention feeding mechanism and coordinate figure before material road charging.
Fig. 8 is embodiment of the present invention feeding mechanism and coordinate figure in material road fill process.
Fig. 9 is embodiment of the present invention failure warning system figure.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment, the invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in figure, 1 is feed bin to thin sheet of metal apparatus for assembling, and 2 is base, and 3 is the charging cylinder promoting thin sheet of metal, 4 is push rod, and 5 is post forming assembling cylinder, and 6 is post forming push rod, 7 is servomotor, and 8 is assembling carrier, and 9 is material detecting sensor, 10 is locating piece, and 11 is thin sheet of metal, and 12 is briquetting, 13 is pilot flow, and 14 for needing Assembly part, and 15 is discharging detecting sensor, 16 is compact heap, and 17 is compression cylinder, and 18 is assembling carrier promotion cylinder.
Be assembling carrier 8 in the middle of thin sheet of metal apparatus for assembling, for placing Assembly part 14.
Compact heap 16 arranges the pressure head 161 corresponding with the thin sheet of metal 11 needing to compress, compact heap 16 is arranged on above assembling carrier 8, just to assembling carrier 8, compact heap 16 upper end is being connected on the piston rod of compression cylinder 17, is moved down and push down thin sheet of metal 11 by pressure head 161 by compression cylinder 17.
Base 2 is arranged on assembling carrier about 8 two side, and on base 2, horizontally set holds the chute 24 of push rod 4, and push rod 4 is placed in chute 24, and push rod 4 rear end is connected with charging cylinder 3 and is promoted by charging cylinder 3.
Base 2 is also provided with post forming push rod 6 below push rod 4, and post forming push rod 6 rear end and post forming are assembled cylinder 5 and be connected and assemble cylinder 5 by post forming and promote.
Feed bin 1 is vertically placed on base 2, and the top of feed bin 1 connects with chute 24, and the thin sheet of metal 11 in feed bin 1 just falls into chute 24, when therefore push rod 4 moves forward in chute 24, can promote thin sheet of metal 11 and move forward.
Assembling carrier 8 rear is connected with the piston rod promoting cylinder 18, promotes cylinder 18 promotion assembling carrier 8 and moves forward and backward.
Be connected with servomotor 7 below assembling carrier 8, assembling carrier 8 is moved up and down by servomotor 7.
The feeding-passage of thin sheet of metal comprises locating piece 10 and pilot flow 13, and locating piece 10 and pilot flow 13 limit thin sheet of metal 11 2 side, thus thin sheet of metal 11 is assembled on Assembly part 14 smoothly.
During thin sheet of metal assembling, thin sheet of metal is placed in feed bin 1, and Assembly part 14 puts into assembling carrier 8 on request, and briquetting 12 compression fit part 14, assembling carrier 8 is positioned to and requires position by servomotor 7 action.Charging cylinder 3 action promotes push rod 4, push rod 4 is pushed ahead in base 2, thin sheet of metal is pushed in assembling carrier 8 by push rod 4 successively from feed bin 1, and after left and right charging cylinder 3 respectively completes one-off, assembling carrier 8 moves down the thickness of a thin sheet of metal by servomotor 7 action.Cylinder 3 do action, after completing the action frequency preset, compression cylinder 17 action, compact heap 16 compresses thin sheet of metal downwards, the action of post forming assembling cylinder 5, promote post forming push rod 6, push rod 6 puts in place shaping for all thin sheet of metal, promotes cylinder 18 and pilot flow 13 action, is unclamped in the other direction by pilot flow 13 toward thin sheet of metal, be convenient to the parts taking-up that integral installation prepares, take out parts and complete a half-finished assembling.
Also be provided with the pre-feeding device of thin sheet of metal, as shown in Figure 3,4.In figure, 17 is pre-feeding device, and 18 is front briquetting, and 11 is thin sheet of metal, and 20 is rear briquetting, and 1 is feed bin, and 22 is material blocking rod.Pre-feeding device 17 is provided with the storage bin holding thin sheet of metal 11, storage bin side fluting 24, by this fluting 24, front briquetting 18 can be put into storage bin with rear briquetting 20.Feed bin when filling with substance, pre-feeding device 17 front portion is connected by connector 23 with feed bin 1 afterbody, pre-feeding device 17 is spliced into one with feed bin 1, briquetting 18 and rear briquetting 20 before putting in pre-feeding device, thin sheet of metal 11 is by manually loading pre-feeding device 17 from fluting, front briquetting 18 clamps thin sheet of metal with rear briquetting 20, and thin sheet of metal is not tilted.Slowly push in feed bin 1 by front briquetting 18, rear briquetting 20, thin sheet of metal 11 again, thin sheet of metal inserts material blocking rod 22 after slipping into feed bin 1, takes out front briquetting 18 and rear briquetting 20, removes pre-feeding device 17, complete the charging process of feed bin.
Above-mentioned pre-feeding device 17 and feed bin 1 inner chamber require smooth enough degree and dimensional accuracy to ensure that thin sheet of metal successfully can be slided in inside cavity.
Thin sheet of metal discharging bin process as shown in Figure 5,6.Thin sheet of metal 11 is neatly placed in feed bin 1 in advance regularly, and push rod 4 slides along the chute 24 in base 2, promotes thin sheet of metal and moves forward.Fig. 7 process A is push rod 4 before contact thin sheet of metal, and Fig. 8 process B is that push rod 4 promotes thin sheet of metal and moves forward.Promote in the whole process of thin sheet of metal at push rod 4, push rod 4 need keep within the specific limits with the contact thickness of thin sheet of metal always, and contact thickness is excessive to be had and encounter a slice thin sheet of metal risk above, the excessively rare risk of hitting curved thin sheet of metal of contact thickness.For the thin sheet of metal that 0.2mm is thick, get its thickness deviation 0 to-0.02mm, push rod 4 contacts thickness and need meet between 0.12mm-0.16mm with thin sheet of metal, will greatly increase the frequency broken down after exceeding this size range.The chute assembling of push rod 4 and base 2 need ensure when coordinating that fit clearance is in ± 0.02mm, and need process with base 2 piece surface for reducing resistance push rod 4, hardness reaches more than HRC52 °, roughness more than 0.8.
Thin sheet of metal assembles shaping collision free wiping mechanism as shown in Figure 7,8.In figure, 1 is push rod, and 2 is base, and 3 is thin sheet of metal, and 4 is feed bin, and 135 is left pilot flow, and 136 is right pilot flow.Thin sheet of metal is pushed in pilot flow by push rod 4 from feed bin 1, and left place thin sheet of metal 11 pushes left pilot flow 135, and right place thin sheet of metal 11 pushes right pilot flow 136.
Easily can push pilot flow for making thin sheet of metal and reduce fault rate, the porch of pilot flow needs the chamfering 132 of carrying out a certain size.For the thick thin sheet of metal of 0.2mm, entrance chamfering 132 is C1 × 0.1, and flow path groove 131 width is 0.25mm, and the surface roughness of flow path groove is more than 0.8.
Thin sheet of metal is when intersection stacks mutually, for avoiding the scratch that collides with each other, mutual dislocation is needed between left pilot flow 135 and right pilot flow 136, in Fig. 4, about process D pilot flow misplaces mutually 0.3mm, make the difference in height having 0.1mm between the thin sheet of metal of left and right, the phenomenon of collision free scratch when which ensure that left and right thin sheet of metal crosses one another occurs.
Also be provided with accident warning device, its structure as shown in Figure 9.In figure, 15 is material detecting sensor, and 9 is discharging detecting sensor.The bottom of feed bin 1 arranges material detecting sensor 15, fills thin sheet of metal, and material detecting sensor 15 senses material, and after equipment runs a period of time, material is lower than sensor 15 position, and sensor can't detect material, carries out lacking material and reports to the police.The discharging opening of feed bin 1 is arranged discharging detecting sensor 9, release base in thin sheet of metal assembling process by push rod 4, discharging detecting sensor 9 senses thin sheet of metal, and during fault, thin sheet of metal is without discharging detecting sensor 9, and sensor carries out fault alarm.