A kind of industrial waste gas dedusting purification and residual heat using device
The present invention relates to a kind of dedusting and purifying device of industrial waste gas, more particularly to a kind of burning coal or other material institutes
The dedusting and purifying device of the work gas waste gas of generation, belongs to environmental protection machinery equipment technical field.
The progress of the mankind be unable to do without industrial expansion, while industrial development, also gives people class and brings a series of health sides
The hidden danger in face, heart disease and various division of respiratory disease diseases have become one of maximum killer of human health.Industrially make at present
The equipment such as boiler, burner, steam engine great majority adopt coal, natural gas or diesel oil for raw material, or even biological substance
Fuel is also increasingly paid attention to by the mankind, but, contain titanium dioxide in the waste gas discharged in combustion by these fuel
The harmful substances such as sulphur, carbon monoxide, dust, impurity, fine particulates, these materials are once inhaled by the respiratory apparatus of human body
Receive, the health of the mankind will be had a strong impact on.Also various chimneys enter substantial amounts of dust in air, pollute environment, give people
Health brings the problem of serious harm.
For the atmosphere polluting problem that these industrial fumes discharges bring, various waste gas dedusting purification dresses have been occurred in that now
Put, such as application publication number discloses " a kind of industrial dust and gas purifying dust-removing device " for the Chinese patent of 102908847 A of CN, including
Air inlet pipe, escaping pipe, filter chamber and clean room, are connected by wireway between filter chamber and clean room；The bottom of filter chamber
Face is slope structure, and internal injection water purification, air inlet pipe are inserted from top and goed deep in the water surface, be provided with the domatic bottom of filter chamber
Blow-off pipe；In the ceiling mounting spray head of clean room, top-side connects escaping pipe.Water is connected between filter chamber and clean room
Pump.But, the dust removing effects of the device are not ideal enough, and single function.And the off-gas cleaning equipment commonly used at present industry is equal
There are problems that it is more such-and-such, for example：The problems such as volume is big, cost is high, installation is inconvenient, clean-up effect is poor.
The content of the invention
For deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of industrial waste gas dedusting purification and UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN dress
Put, it includes deduster body, gas approach is set in deduster body side bottom, outlet is set on deduster body top
Mouthful, the grey chamber of pressure-vaccum room, dust setting chamber and storage is originally set gradually in vivo from top to bottom in deduster, arrange in dust settling room
There are filter layer and electric precipitation layer, the industrial waste gas for producing that burns enters into deduster sheet in vivo by gas approach, passes sequentially through
Filter layer and electric precipitation floor in dust settling room carries out ash disposal dedusting, and the dust isolated is collected in the grey chamber of storage, protects
Retaining ring border, it is to avoid what is given people healthy brings harm.Simultaneously the present invention is also provided with outlet pipe and cold at gas outlet
Tank, the outlet pipe coil and are close to the outer wall of cold rinse bank, so as to further with the waste heat in industrial waste gas to cold
Cold water in tank is heated, and reaches effect of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The present invention solves its technical problem, and the technical scheme for being adopted is：A kind of industrial waste gas dedusting purification and waste heat profit
With device, including deduster body, gas approach is set in deduster body side bottom, is arranged out on deduster body top
Gas port, its design feature is：Originally pressure-vaccum room, dust setting chamber and Dust Storage Room are disposed with vivo from top to bottom in deduster；
Suction and blowing device and link plate are provided with the pressure-vaccum room；Filter layer and electric precipitation floor are provided with dust settling room；In storage
Grey interior is provided with the grey chamber of storage and dust-exhausting port.
Further, the longitudinal section in the grey chamber of the storage is trapezoidal, in up big and down small funnel-shaped structure, that is, stores up and cuts on grey chamber
The length and width in face respectively greater than stores up the length and width of grey chamber lower section, arranges dust-exhausting port in the bottom in the grey chamber of storage.
Further, dust collecting sleeve is additionally provided with below dust-exhausting port.
Further, at least provided with two filter layers in described dust settling room, wherein following filter layer is adopted
With fleece filter layer or woven wire filter layer；Filter layer above adopts resin filter layer, refers in tree and also set up outside filter layer
There is layer protective layer, the electric precipitation layer is arranged on above resin filter layer.
Further, the electric precipitation layer includes discharge electrode and dust collector pole, between the discharge electrode and dust collector pole between
Away from for 5 to 10 millimeters, mutually insulated between discharge electrode and dust collector pole applies the straight of 800 to 1500V on discharge electrode and dust collector pole
Stream voltage, wherein discharge electrode connect positive pole, and dust collector pole connects negative pole.
Preferably, the suction and blowing device is air exhauster, is arranged on link plate, and the air outlet of the air exhauster is just to outlet
Preferably, main control panel is provided with deduster body, master controller is set in main control panel, leading
Adjusting key is set on control panel, gas approach end arrange air inlet adjustment valve, the adjusting key by master controller connect into
Gas regulating valve.
Further, it is provided with outlet pipe on the gas outlet, one end connection gas outlet of the outlet pipe, separately
One end connects water treatment room, and the aqueous solution of purification waste gas is loaded with water treatment room, and the waste gas after dedusting ash disposal is through outlet
The exhaust end of pipeline is entered in water treatment room and is stretched under the liquid level in water treatment room, by the aqueous solution in water treatment room to useless
After gas is further cleaned and filtered, gas in water, scurry out the water surface of water treatment room upwards by ascension, and from water treatment room
The blast pipe that upper end is arranged is discharged.
Further, cold rinse bank is additionally provided between gas outlet and water treatment room, containing in cold rinse bank needs to add
The cold water or other liquid of heat, described outlet pipe are coiled and are close to the outer wall of cold rinse bank.
Preferably, temperature inductor is provided with cold rinse bank, be provided with temperature display, in temperature on main control panel
Temperature receptacle is provided with degree display screen, temperature inductor connection temperature receptacle, temperature receptacle are connected by master controller
Jointing temp display screen.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows：
1st, the waste gas that burning is produced enters into deduster sheet in vivo by gas approach, passes sequentially through dust setting chamber, blows
Suction-chamber and water treatment room carry out ash disposal, dedusting and cleaning, and dust are dropped in the grey chamber of storage, environmental protection, it is to avoid
What is given people healthy brings harm.
2nd, the longitudinal section in the grey chamber of storage of the present invention is trapezoidal, and the length and height of the grey chamber upper section of storage is more than the grey chamber of storage
The length and width of lower section, the bottom in the grey chamber of storage arrange dust-exhausting port.Dust under dropping can be along the tilted inwall in the grey chamber of storage
Slide downwards, make the dust for coming off all concentrate on storage grey bottom of chamber end, and be discharged in dust collecting sleeve by dust-exhausting port, beneficial to dust
3rd, the present invention arranges one or more layers of filter layer in described dust settling room, sets in filter layer upper end
Put electric precipitation layer.Filter layer and electric precipitation floor are set in dust settling room, it is possible to increase dust removing effects, environmental protection.
4th, the present invention arranges link plate in described pressure-vaccum room, arranges suction and blowing device, described pressure-vaccum dress in link plate upper end
Put, the velocity of discharge of gas, improves operating efficiency after suction and blowing device can improve purification.
5th, the present invention arranges main control panel on deduster body, arranges master controller, leading in main control panel
Adjusting key is set on control panel, air inlet adjustment valve is set at gas approach end, adjusting key is connected into controlled atmosphere by master controller
Section valve.When purification waste gas is carried out, air inflow can be controlled by air inlet adjustment valve, realize automation application, reduce people
6th, the present invention arranges outlet pipe on described gas outlet and coils and be close to the outer wall of cold rinse bank.After purification
Air is discharged by outlet pipe, the cold water in cold rinse bank can be heated up, can carry out dedusting work(in discharge process
While effect, the purpose of waste heat recovery is reached, it is energy-saving and environment-friendly.
7th, the present invention arranges temperature inductor in cold rinse bank, arranges temperature display, in temperature on main control panel
Temperature receptacle is set in display screen, and temperature inductor connection temperature receptacle, temperature receptacle are warm by master controller connection
Degree display screen and air inlet adjustment valve.When the temperature inductor in cold rinse bank senses uniform temperature, this information transmission can be given
Temperature receptacle, temperature receptacle can pass through the cold water filling in main controller controls cold rinse bank after receiving temperature and hot water is arranged
Put, moist closet is drained into the hot water for being up to set temperature value stand-by or directly feed the person that needs hot water and use.
Present configuration is simple, it is easy to make, and is suitable for industrialized production.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the basic structure schematic diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the deduster body of the present invention；
Reference：1st, deduster body, 2, gas approach, 3, air inlet adjustment valve, 4, gas outlet, 5, outlet pipe, 6,
Temperature inductor, 7, cold rinse bank, 8, main control panel, 9, master controller, 10, temperature receptacle, 11, temperature display, 12, adjust
Section key, 13, the grey chamber of storage, 14, dust-exhausting port, 15, suction and blowing device, 16, link plate, 17, electric precipitation layer, 18, filter layer；20th, pressure-vaccum room；
30th, dust setting chamber；40th, Dust Storage Room；50th, dust collecting sleeve；60th, water treatment room；70th, blast pipe.
With reference to Figure of description and embodiment, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail：
A kind of described industrial waste gas dedusting is purified and residual heat using device as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, including deduster body 1,
1 side bottom of deduster body arranges gas approach 2, arranges gas outlet 4 on 1 top of deduster body, in deduster body 1
Pressure-vaccum room 20, dust setting chamber 30 and Dust Storage Room 40 are set gradually from top to bottom.Pressure-vaccum dress is provided with the pressure-vaccum room 20
Put 15 and link plate 16.Multiple layers of filters 18 and electric precipitation layer 17 are provided with dust setting chamber 30.Arrange in Dust Storage Room 40
There are the grey chamber 13 of storage and dust-exhausting port 14.
The longitudinal section in the storage ash chamber 13 is trapezoidal, in up big and down small funnel-shaped structure, that is, stores up 13 upper section of grey chamber
Length and width respectively greater than stores up the length and width of 13 lower section of grey chamber, arranges dust-exhausting port 14 in the bottom in the grey chamber 13 of storage,
Dust-exhausting port 14 is provided below dust collecting sleeve 50.
In present embodiment, two filter layers 18 are provided with described dust setting chamber 30, wherein following filtration
Layer 18 is fleece filter layer or woven wire filter layer, can filter out the large granular impurity in flue gas；Filter layer 18 above is
Fine impurities in flue gas can be adsorbed and be filtered by resin filter layer, and one layer of protection is additionally provided with outside resin filter layer
Layer, to protect resin bed not to be destroyed.
The electric precipitation layer 17 arranged in 18 upper end of filter layer includes discharge electrode and dust collector pole, between its discharge electrode and dust collector pole
Spacing be 5 to 10 millimeters, mutually insulated between discharge electrode and dust collector pole, on discharge electrode and dust collector pole apply 800 to 1500V
DC voltage, wherein discharge electrode connects positive pole, and dust collector pole connects negative pole, makes two interpolars produce high-voltage electrostatic field, in high-voltage electrostatic field
Interior, there is ionization, generate electronics and ion in air in the presence of high voltage electric field.When dust-laden particle passes through high-voltage electrostatic field
Qu Shi, electronics can adsorb on grit with ion, make dust particles.Powered grit in the presence of electric field force, to the Ghandler motion that gathers dust
It is dynamic, and by dust collector pole adsorbing and trapping, so as to further the tiny dust in the flue gas that filters through filter layer is carried out absorption and
Collect.The electric precipitation layer 17 of present embodiment is provided with multiple discharge electrodes and dust collector pole altogether, and its discharge electrode and dust collector pole are vertical
Arrangement, to upper circulation in gap of the air between discharge electrode and dust collector pole.
Link plate 16 is set in described pressure-vaccum room 20, suction and blowing device 15, described pressure-vaccum dress are set in 16 upper end of link plate
Put 15 and adopt air exhauster, just to gas outlet 4, the flue gas after electric precipitation is entered in pressure-vaccum room 20 air outlet of its air exhauster,
The flue gas of 15 pairs of entrance of the suction and blowing device in pressure-vaccum room 20 carries out pressure-vaccum, and is discharged by gas outlet 4.By 15 energy of suction and blowing device
After enough raising purifications, the velocity of discharge of gas, improves operating efficiency.
The waste gas that burning is produced is entered in deduster body 1 by gas approach 2, is first passed around in dust setting chamber 30
Filter layer 18 and electric precipitation layer 17 filtration and absorption, dedusting ash disposal process is carried out to the dust and impurity in flue gas, in powder
Multiple layers of filters 18 and electric precipitation layer 17 are set in dirt expansion chamber 30, dust removing effects can be effectively improved.And the dust in flue gas
Dropped with impurity downwards, slid along the inclined inwall of grey 13 inner chamber of chamber of storage downwards, make the dust for coming off all concentrate on the grey chamber of storage
13 bottoms, and discharged by dust-exhausting port 14, and enter in dust collecting sleeve 50.
The flue gas of removing dust is passed through and is blown by, behind dust setting chamber 30, continuing up flowing and entering in pressure-vaccum room 20
The suction and blowing device 15 arranged in suction-chamber 20 carries out pressure-vaccum to the flue gas after purification filtering, and is discharged by gas outlet 4.
Present embodiment is also provided with outlet pipe 5, one end connection of the outlet pipe 5 on described gas outlet 4
Gas outlet 4, other end connection water treatment room 60, is loaded with the aqueous solution of purification waste gas in water treatment room 60, gas outlet 4 with
Cold rinse bank 7 is additionally provided between water treatment room 60, containing in cold rinse bank 7 needs the cold water or other liquid of heating.Described
Outlet pipe 5 is coiled and is close to the outer wall of cold rinse bank 7.Hot waste gas after purification is in the mistake of discharge of being spiraled by outlet pipe 5
Cheng Zhongneng is heated to the cold water in cold rinse bank 7 so as to which water temperature rises, and can be reached remaining while dedusting effect is carried out
The purpose of recuperation of heat, it is energy-saving and environment-friendly.Waste gas after dedusting ash disposal enters water treatment room 60 through the exhaust end of outlet pipe 5
It is interior and stretch under the liquid level in water treatment room 60, by the aqueous solution in water treatment room 60 waste gas is carried out further cleaning and
After filtration, gas in water, scurry out the water surface of water treatment room 60 upwards by ascension, and the blast pipe arranged from 60 upper end of water treatment room
70 discharge, so as to complete the filtration and purification of industrial waste gas.
In addition, present embodiment is also arranging main control panel 8 on deduster body 1, arrange in main control panel 8
Master controller 9, arranges adjusting key 12 on main control panel 8, arranges air inlet adjustment valve 3 at 2 end of gas approach, and adjusting key 12 leads to
Cross the connection air inlet adjustment of master controller 9 valve 3.When purification waste gas is carried out, air inflow can be controlled by air inlet adjustment valve 3
System, realizes automation application, reduces cost of labor.
In addition, present embodiment is also provided with temperature inductor 6 in cold rinse bank 7, temperature is set on main control panel 8
Display screen 11, arranges temperature receptacle 10 in temperature display 11, and temperature inductor 6 connects temperature receptacle 10, and temperature connects
Receive device 10 and temperature display 11 is connected by master controller 9.Temperature inductor 6 in cold rinse bank 7 can sense water in cold rinse bank 7
The rising of temperature, and water temperature information can be passed to temperature receptacle 10, temperature receptacle 10 can pass through master control after receiving temperature
Cold water filling and hot water emission in the control cold rinse bank 7 of device processed 9, is drained into moist closet with the hot water for being up to design temperature stand-by
Or directly feed the person that needs hot water and use, and while water temperature is shown on temperature display 11.
The above embodiment of the present invention only illustrates that technical solution of the present invention is used simultaneously, only the row of technical solution of the present invention
Lift, be not limited to technical scheme and its protection domain, those skilled in the art is of the invention above-mentioned
Some nonessential modifications and adaptations that content is proposed belong to protection scope of the present invention.