CN105123390B - The method that banana is planted on hilly upland - Google Patents

The method that banana is planted on hilly upland Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105123390B
CN105123390B CN201510465232.9A CN201510465232A CN105123390B CN 105123390 B CN105123390 B CN 105123390B CN 201510465232 A CN201510465232 A CN 201510465232A CN 105123390 B CN105123390 B CN 105123390B
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banana
cavity
planted
hilly upland
long canal
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CN105123390A (en
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郑礼先
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Hong Zuojuan
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郑礼先
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B13/00Irrigation ditches, i.e. gravity flow, open channel water distribution systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method that banana is planted on hilly upland, comprise the following steps:Hilly upland it is domatic on plant many Banana trees successively along on the straight line at certain angle of inclination;It is arranged alternately the first long canal and the second long canal successively between adjacent two rows Banana tree, and it is that inverted trapezoidal water supply tramples device for being that Banana tree supplies water and draining to set up cross section on the first long canal.The inventive method can solve the problem that banana planting in slope, and with excessively rational implantation methods, guarantee to meet the water requirement of Banana tree, ensure yield, meanwhile, it is capable to keep hillside fields water and soil, reduce soil erosion, improve environment, banana planting is thoroughly removed from excellent arable land, economic benefit is significantly improved.

Description

The method that banana is planted on hilly upland
Technical field
The present invention relates to banana planting technical field.It is more particularly related to which one kind is planted on hilly upland The method of banana.
Background technology
Banana is the Important Economic crop of China's tropical and warm subtropical zone, and its growth and development stage is up to 10 months, also, Traditional banana planting is typically chosen soil layer depth, the soil is porous, well-drained soil, because the occupation of land time is longer, unit area Economic benefit is relatively low, in the prior art, on the one hand, banana peasant is by using banana efficiency cultivation technology for high, to improve banana Yield, so as to reduce its production cost, increases economic efficiency, on the other hand, on the premise of ensuring that banana realizes normal volume, By being interplanted with other short-term crops, any of several broadleaf plants field is set to realize a kind of cultivation technique of higher economic benefit.
But, in the prior art, the efficient cultivation method that can increase substantially banana production does not obtain especially prominent The High Yielding Effect gone out, improves the human and material resources of input on the contrary, economic boost DeGrain on the whole, and And, due to land resource limitation, can not fundamentally solve the occupation of land time it is long the problem of.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve at least the above, and provide the advantage that at least will be described later.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a kind of method that banana is planted on hilly upland, it can solve the problem that perfume (or spice) Any of several broadleaf plants is planted in slope, and with excessively rational implantation methods, it is ensured that it disclosure satisfy that the water requirement of Banana tree, it is ensured that yield, together When, hillside fields water and soil can be kept, soil erosion is reduced, improves environment, banana planting is thoroughly removed from excellent arable land, improved Its economic benefit.
Device is trampled it is a still further object of the present invention to provide a kind of water supply on hilly upland required for plantation banana, Moisture is rationally provided for Banana tree, while collecting natural current, the loss of natural moisture content is reduced.
Banana is planted on hilly upland there is provided one kind according to object of the present invention and further advantage in order to realize Method, comprise the following steps:
Step 1: hilly upland it is domatic on plant many Banana trees successively along on the straight line at certain angle of inclination, Wherein, it is a unit by every two row by Banana tree, 2.2-2.9 is set in the line-spacing of two row's Banana trees of each unit Rice, the line-spacing of two row's Banana trees between per two adjacent units is 3.3-4.1 meters;
Step 2: excavating 20-40 centimetres wide, 35-40 centimetres of depth, length in the middle of per two adjacent units with banana kind The first long canal depending on length is planted, and it is that device is trampled in inverted trapezoidal water supply to set up cross section on the first long canal;
Step 3: excavated in the middle of two row's Banana trees of each unit 10-15 centimetres wide, 15-20 centimetres of depth, length with The second long canal depending on banana planting length, clay grain of a layer thickness less than 5 centimetres is laid in the second long canal inner bottom part first, Covering a layer thickness is less than the residue that 6 centimetres of betel nut cane outer rim xylem is processed on clay grain, is laid in the top One layer of soil, laying depth is defined by concordant with ground;
Wherein there is provided water supply trample device and include:The housing for the both ends open being extended along the first long canal, in shell Elongated the first cavity and the second cavity being extended in vivo, the first cavity is directly over the second cavity, first cavity Side wall sets multiple first openings, and the setting of multiple first openings of first cavity is highly above the ground level;Second chamber The side wall of body sets multiple second openings, and second opening lower edge close to the bottom surface of second cavity, it is and described The lower end of second cavity is extended multiple drainage pipelines towards the first Chang Qu bottom surfaces, and the multiple drainage pipeline is downwardly into soil In earth, and the multiple drainage pipeline length.
Preferably, wherein, in addition to:Supervisor and multiple water guiding tubes, the supervisor are arranged in first cavity, The multiple water guiding tube one end is connected with the supervisor, and the other end is open by multiple first and tramples device both sides to water supply Extend, and drawn close to nearest Banana tree.
Preferably, wherein, in plane and described first described in the baffles between first cavity and the second cavity Ground at first opening of long canal is concordant.
Preferably, wherein, it is the multiple first opening lower edge mutually it is concordant and above ground level.
Preferably, wherein, first opening diameter be less than 3cm.
Preferably, wherein, along on the length direction of the first long canal, and from the High aititude of hilly upland to low altitude area side Upwards, described supply water tramples the reduced diameter of device.
Preferably, wherein, as described supply water tramples the reduced diameter of device, the baffles are to described first Cavity is gradually obliquely installed to second cavity so that the relative area with the cross section of the second cavity of the first cavity gradually becomes Greatly.
Preferably, wherein, plant China pink on the topsoil of the second long canal.
Preferably, wherein, two adjacent water supply are trampled and are interconnected from beginning to end between device.
The present invention at least includes following beneficial effect:
Straight line of the inventive method by Banana tree along certain angle of inclination is planted, and between adjacent two rows Banana tree First long canal or the second long canal are set, it is therefore intended that domatic by hillside fields is blocked every preventing soil erosion, and pass through the One long canal coordinates water supply to trample device and is used to supply water to Banana tree, and carries out appropriate draining, and natural current are reduced on the whole Lose, reduce artificial water application's amount, reduce production cost, environmental protection;By making appropriate China pink between the second long canal, hillside fields plantation is improved The economic value of banana;
Water supply trample device be set to it is inverted trapezoidal so that supplying water two edges of bottom surface for trampling device can be embedding Enter being arranged on the side wall of the first long canal for formula, so as to play fixed effect, and be also that dress is trampled in the first long canal and water supply Certain draining space is left between the bottom surface put, for carrying out slow draining;First cavity is that Banana tree water supply line is carried For assembling cavity, it is to avoid pipeline is buried or trampled by personnel by soil, and influence is normally used;Second cavity is used in displacement In the case of larger, more drainage spaces are provided to part current, meanwhile, set and insert in soil by extending downwardly Drainpipe part water is guided into soil, reduce water loss as far as possible, keep soil moisture.
Further advantage, target and the feature of the present invention embodies part by following explanation, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 be one embodiment of the present of invention on hilly upland plant banana overlooking the structure diagram;
Fig. 2 tramples the cross cut structure schematic diagram of device for the first water channel in one embodiment of the present of invention and water supply;
Fig. 3 tramples the side structure schematic view of device for the water supply in one embodiment of the present of invention.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, to make those skilled in the art with reference to specification text Word can be implemented according to this.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or many The presence or addition of individual other elements or its combination.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figure 1, planting the method for banana on hilly upland, comprise the following steps:
Step 1: hilly upland 1 it is domatic on plant many Banana trees successively along on the straight line at certain angle of inclination 2, wherein, it is a unit that Banana tree is pressed into every two row, and 2.2-2.9 is set in the line-spacing of two row's Banana trees of each unit Rice, the line-spacing of two row's Banana trees between per two adjacent units is 3.3-4.1 meters;
Step 2: excavating 20-40 centimetres wide, 35-40 centimetres of depth, length in the middle of per two adjacent units with banana kind The first long canal 4 depending on length is planted, and it is that device is trampled in inverted trapezoidal water supply to set up cross section on the first long canal;
Step 3: excavated in the middle of two row's Banana trees of each unit 10-15 centimetres wide, 15-20 centimetres of depth, length with The second long canal depending on banana planting length, the clay that a layer thickness is less than 5 centimetres is laid in the second long inner bottom part of canal 3 first Grain, covering a layer thickness is less than the residue that 6 centimetres of betel nut cane outer rim xylem is processed on clay grain, is spread in the top If one layer of soil, laying depth is defined by concordant with ground, wherein, plant China pink on the topsoil of the second long canal;
In actual production, also the rational application of fertilizer, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control are carried out to Banana tree on the basis of the inventive method And field management, banana is planted by using the above method, hillside fields can not only be rationally utilized, excellent arable land is liberated, moreover it is possible to Ensure the high yield of banana, average mu hillside fields produces 7000-8000 jins, certain economic benefit can also be obtained by making China pink.
Wherein, the straight line by Banana tree along certain angle of inclination is planted, and is set between adjacent two rows Banana tree First long canal or the second long canal, it is therefore intended that by hillside fields it is domatic blocked every, prevent soil erosion, and pass through first length Canal coordinates water supply to trample device and is used to supply water to Banana tree, and carries out appropriate draining, and natural water is reduced on the whole and is lost in, is subtracted Few artificial water application's amount, reduces production cost, environmental protection;By making appropriate China pink between the second long canal, hillside fields plantation banana is improved Economic value.
Embodiment 2
As shown in figure 1, in an embodiment providing of the present invention, hilly upland 1 it is domatic on along certain inclination Many Banana trees 2 are planted on the straight line of angle successively, per excavating the first long canal 4 in the middle of two adjacent units, and the It is that device is trampled in inverted trapezoidal water supply that cross section is set up on one long canal, and device is trampled in water supply to be included:Prolong along the first long canal The housing 6 of the both ends open of setting is stretched, elongated the first cavity 11 and the second cavity 8 being extended in housing, the first chamber Body is directly over the second cavity, and first cavity wall sets multiple first openings 10, multiple the first of first cavity The setting of opening is highly above the ground level;Multiple second openings 12 of side wall setting of second cavity, and second opening Lower edge close to the bottom surface of second cavity, and second cavity lower end be extended towards the first Chang Qu bottom surfaces it is multiple Drainage pipeline 13, the multiple drainage pipeline is downwardly into soil, and the multiple drainage pipeline length.In above-mentioned side In case, water supply trample device be set to it is inverted trapezoidal so that two edges of bottom surface for trampling device that supply water can be embedded in Being arranged on the side wall of the first long canal for formula, so as to play fixed effect, and is also that device is trampled in the first long canal and water supply Bottom surface between leave certain draining space, for carrying out slow draining;First cavity provides for Banana tree water supply line Assemble cavity, it is to avoid pipeline is buried or trampled by personnel by soil, and influence is normally used;Second cavity is used in displacement ratio In the case of larger, more drainage spaces are provided to part current, meanwhile, set and insert in soil by extending downwardly Drainpipe guides part water into soil, and water loss is reduced as far as possible, keeps soil moisture.
As shown in Fig. 2 in one embodiment, in addition to:Supervisor 9 and multiple water guiding tubes 5, the supervisor are arranged on In first cavity, the multiple water guiding tube one end with it is described supervisor be connected, the other end by multiple first be open to Water supply is trampled device both sides and extended, and is drawn close to nearest Banana tree.In such scheme, guided by supervisor and multiple water Pipe is interconnected as Banana tree supplement irrigation, it is ensured that ground moistening, suitable Banana tree growth.
As shown in Fig. 2 in one embodiment, described in the baffles 7 between first cavity and the second cavity Plane is concordant with the ground at the first opening of the described first long canal.
As shown in Fig. 2 in one embodiment, the lower edge of the multiple first opening is mutually concordant and is higher by ground Face.
In one embodiment, first opening diameter is less than 3cm.
As shown in figure 3, in one embodiment, along on the length direction of the first long canal, and from the height of hilly upland Height above sea level is on low altitude area direction, and described supply water tramples the reduced diameter of device.Flowed with slowing down moisture to low altitude area, Reduce water loss.
As shown in figure 3, in one embodiment, as described supply water tramples the reduced diameter of device, it is described every Baffle plate is gradually obliquely installed to first cavity to second cavity so that the first cavity is relative crosscutting with the second cavity The area in face becomes larger.Flowed with slowing down moisture to low altitude area, reduce water loss.
In one embodiment, two adjacent water supply are interconnected from beginning to end between trampling device.
Although embodiment of the present invention is disclosed as above, it is not restricted in specification and embodiment listed With it can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely, can be easily for those skilled in the art Other modification is realized, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention is not limited In specific details and shown here as the legend with description.

Claims (9)

1. the method for banana is planted on hilly upland, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step 1: hilly upland it is domatic on plant many Banana trees successively along on the straight line at certain angle of inclination, wherein, It is a unit that Banana tree is pressed into every two row, 2.2-2.9 meters is set in the line-spacing of two row's Banana trees of each unit, every The line-spacing of two row's Banana trees between two adjacent units is 3.3-4.1 meters;
Step 2: it is long with banana planting to excavate 20-40 centimetres wide, 35-40 centimetres of depth, length in the middle of per two adjacent units The first long canal depending on degree, and it is that device is trampled in inverted trapezoidal water supply to set up cross section on the first long canal;
Step 3: excavating 10-15 centimetres wide, 15-20 centimetres of depth, length in the middle of two row's Banana trees of each unit with banana The second long canal depending on length is planted, clay grain of a layer thickness less than 5 centimetres is laid first in the second long canal inner bottom part, in pottery A layer thickness is covered on grogs and is less than the residue that 6 centimetres of betel nut cane outer rim xylem is processed into, one layer of the laying in the top Soil, laying depth is defined by concordant with ground;
Wherein there is provided water supply trample device and include:The housing for the both ends open being extended along the first long canal, in housing Extended elongated the first cavity and the second cavity, the first cavity is directly over the second cavity, first cavity wall Multiple first openings are set, and the setting of multiple first openings of first cavity is highly above the ground level;Second cavity Side wall sets multiple second openings, and second opening lower edge close to the bottom surface of second cavity, and described second The lower end of cavity is extended multiple drainage pipelines towards the first Chang Qu bottom surfaces, and the multiple drainage pipeline is downwardly into soil In, and the multiple drainage pipeline length.
2. the method for banana is planted on hilly upland as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that also include:It is responsible for and many Individual water guiding tube, the supervisor is arranged in first cavity, and the multiple water guiding tube one end is connected with the supervisor, The other end is open by multiple first to be trampled device both sides to water supply and extends, and is drawn close to nearest Banana tree.
3. the method for banana is planted on hilly upland as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that first cavity and the Plane where baffles between two cavitys is concordant with the ground at the first opening of the described first long canal.
4. the method for banana is planted on hilly upland as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the multiple first opening Lower edge mutually it is concordant and above ground level.
5. the method for banana is planted on hilly upland as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that first opening diameter Less than 3cm.
6. the method for banana is planted on hilly upland as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that along the length of the first long canal Spend on direction, and from the High aititude of hilly upland to low altitude area direction on, described supply water tramples the reduced diameter of device.
7. the method for banana is planted on hilly upland as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that as the water supply is trampled The reduced diameter of device, the baffles are gradually obliquely installed from first cavity to second cavity so that the One cavity becomes larger relative to the area in the cross section of the second cavity.
8. the method for banana is planted on hilly upland as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that on the top layer of the second long canal Grown on soil China pink.
9. the method for banana is planted on hilly upland as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that two adjacent water supply are trampled It is interconnected from beginning to end between device.
CN201510465232.9A 2015-07-31 2015-07-31 The method that banana is planted on hilly upland Active CN105123390B (en)

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Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012246227A (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-12-13 Mie Univ Soilborne disease controlling agent, and method for controlling soilborne disease using the same
CN103798004A (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-05-21 梁统模 Banana plant drought sloping field culturing method
KR101447472B1 (en) * 2012-12-13 2014-10-06 재단법인 제주테크노파크 A Method for Cultivating Plants Using Mineral Obtained from Desalinized Magma Seawater or the Fermentation Product Thereof
CN103141260B (en) * 2013-03-18 2014-07-23 湖州师范学院 Method for ecologically interplanting sarcandra glabra under phyllostachys edulis forest
CN103190267B (en) * 2013-04-08 2014-04-16 河口云山农业科技有限公司 Damage-free processing method in mountain banana production
CN104285653A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-01-21 何寒 Selenium-rich banana and production method thereof
CN104584970B (en) * 2014-12-31 2017-01-18 广州市农业科学研究院 Banana variety agricultural science No.1 cultivating method

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