CN105122086A - System and method for coupling an overpressure wave to a target media - Google Patents

System and method for coupling an overpressure wave to a target media Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105122086A
CN105122086A CN201480020979.7A CN201480020979A CN105122086A CN 105122086 A CN105122086 A CN 105122086A CN 201480020979 A CN201480020979 A CN 201480020979A CN 105122086 A CN105122086 A CN 105122086A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
overpressure
coupling
seismic
member
system
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CN201480020979.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
拉里·W·富勒顿
詹姆斯·L·蒂尔
赫尔曼·M·小汤普森
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声霸技术有限公司
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Priority to US14/176,068 priority Critical patent/US9116252B2/en
Application filed by 声霸技术有限公司 filed Critical 声霸技术有限公司
Priority to PCT/US2014/036667 priority patent/WO2015119647A1/en
Publication of CN105122086A publication Critical patent/CN105122086A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS
    • G01V1/00Seismology; Seismic or acoustic prospecting or detecting
    • G01V1/02Generating seismic energy
    • G01V1/104Generating seismic energy using explosive charges

Abstract

The invention provides a system and method for coupling an overpressure wave to a target media. An improved seismic exploration system and method involves an overpressure wave generator for generating an overpressure wave and a coupling component for converting a pressure of said generated overpressure wave into a force that produces a conducted acoustic wave in a target media. The coupling component includes a coupling chamber, a push plate assembly including a top plate, piston rod, and an earth plate, a movement constraining vessel including a stabilizing component for constraining movement of the push plate assembly and a sealing component for substantially sealing the coupling component, and a stop component for preventing the movement constraining vessel from striking the earth plate.

Description

用于将超压波耦合到目标介质的系统和方法 Systems and methods for overpressure wave coupled to the target medium

[0001] 相关专利和专利串请的交叉引用 [0001] Related patents and patent string CROSS REFERENCE please

[0002] 本美国申请是2012年11月6日提交的待决美国非临时申请13/669,985的部分继续申请,其为2012年11月11日发布的美国专利8,302,730的部分继续申请,其为2012年10月23日发布的美国专利8,292,022的部分继续申请,其要求2006年4月17日提交的美国临时专利申请60/792,420以及2006年10月10日提交的美国临时专利申请60/850,685的优先权。 [0002] This application is a part of US 13 / 669,985 pending US non-provisional application continue to apply for 2012, filed November 6, 2012, which is November 11 issued US patent 8,302,730 parts continue to apply, as part of its continuing application of US patent 8,292,022, 2012 October 23 released its US provisional Patent April 17, 2006, filed 60 / 792,420 and 10 October 2006 filed U.S. provisional Patent application No. 60 / 850,685 in. 本申请还要求2013年3月4日提交的题为“System and Method for Couplingan Overpressure Wave to a Target Media” 的美国临时专利申请61/851,229 的优先权。 This application also claims entitled March 4, 2013 filed "System and Method for Couplingan Overpressure Wave to a Target Media" US Provisional Patent Application No. 61 / 851,229 of. 这些相关专利和专利申请全部被整体地通过引用结合到本文中。 These related patents and patent applications are all incorporated by reference in its entirety herein.

技术领域 FIELD

[0003] 本发明一般地涉及用于将超压波耦合到目标介质的系统和方法。 [0003] The present invention relates generally to pressure waves exceed a target coupled to the system and the media. 更特别地,本发明涉及用于使用包括耦合室和直接地接触目标介质的推板组件的耦合部件将超压波耦合到目标介质的系统和方法,其中,在耦合室中产生的发生超压波的压力被施加于推板,从而将压力转换成在目标介质中产生传导声波的力。 More particularly, the present invention relates to the use of coupling means for coupling comprises a push plate assembly chamber and directly contact the target medium overpressure wave coupled to the system and a target medium, wherein the coupling occurs in the generated overpressure chamber pressure wave is applied to the push plate, thereby converting the transmitted sound pressure to generate a force in the target medium.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的一个方面涉及到一种地震探测系统,其包括用于产生超压波的超压波发生器和用于将所述超压波的压力转换成在目标介质中产生传导声波的力的耦合部件。 [0004] An aspect relates to a seismic exploration system of the present invention, comprising means for generating overpressure overpressure wave and a pressure wave generator for converting the overpressure wave to generate acoustic waves in the conductive medium, the target coupling member forces. 该耦合部件包括:耦合室,其用于从超压波发生器接收超压波;推板组件,其包括顶板、活塞杆以及接地板; The coupling member comprising: a coupling chamber, for receiving the overpressure overpressure waves from the wave generator; push plate assembly, which includes a top plate, a piston rod and a ground plate;

[0005] 移动约束器,其用于约束由所述耦合室接收到所述超压波引起的所述推板组件的移动,包括用于将所述活塞杆的移动约束为仅与耦合室和移动约束器的侧面基本上平行的移动的稳定部件以及用于在所述超压波的产生期间基本上密封所述耦合部件的密封部件;以及止动部件,其用于防止所述移动约束器撞击所述接地板。 [0005] Mobile restraint, for receiving constrained by the chamber is coupled to the movement of the push plate assembly caused by overpressure wave, comprising means for moving the piston rod constrained to the coupling chamber and only during coupling and substantially sealing the surface of the moving member to produce a stable restraint of movement substantially parallel to the sealing member overpressure wave member; and a stopper member for preventing movement of the restraint strike the ground floor.

[0006] 可以将顶板和稳定部件构造成限制活塞杆的向下移动,并且可以将接地板、止动部件以及动约束器构造成限制所述活塞杆的向上移动。 [0006] can be stabilized and the top plate member configured to limit downward movement of the piston rod, and may be a ground plate, and a stopper member configured to limit motion restraint upward movement of the piston rod.

[0007] 止动部件可以防止由移动约束器和接地板产生金属撞击金属的声音。 [0007] The stopper member can be prevented by the metallic sounds metal movement restraint and the ground plate.

[0008] 止动部件可以是橡胶止动部件。 [0008] The stop member may be a rubber stopper member.

[0009] 致动部件和稳定部件的厚度可以确定活塞杆可以移动的距离。 [0009] The thickness of the actuator member and the stabilizing member may be determined from the piston rod can move.

[0010] 超压波发生器可以包括雷管和爆震管,其中,超压波穿过爆震管并进入耦合室中。 [0010] The overpressure wave generator may include a detonator and detonation tube, wherein the overpressure waves pass through the tube and into the detonation chamber is coupled. [0011 ] 爆震管可以具有第一直径,并且耦合室可以具有第二直径。 [0011] detonation tube may have a first diameter, and the coupling chamber may have a second diameter.

[0012] 耦合室可以由钛、铝、复合材料或钢中的一个制成。 [0012] The chamber may be coupled to, aluminum, a composite material made of steel or of titanium.

[0013] 耦合室可以具有圆形形状。 [0013] The coupling chamber may have a circular shape.

[0014] 地震探测系统还可包括通气管,其可以具有喷嘴、消声器或节气门中的至少一个。 [0014] The system may further include seismic vent pipe, which may have a nozzle, a muffler, or at least one throttle.

[0015] 密封部件可以包括多个圆形环和一个或多个O形环,其中,所述多个圆形环可以被螺栓附接在一起,该螺栓可以被松开以允许将活塞杆放置到移动约束器中,然后可以将螺栓上紧以促使一个或多个O形环压紧活塞杆以基本上将耦合部件密封。 [0015] The sealing member may include a plurality of circular rings and one or more O-rings, wherein said plurality of circular rings may be attached together in a bolt may be loosened to allow placement of the piston rod moving the restraint, the bolt may then be tightened to cause one or more O-rings pressing piston member to substantially seal the coupling.

[0016] 稳定部件可包括油脂端口。 [0016] The stabilizing member may include a grease port.

[0017] 稳定部件可包括衬套或油脂散布部件中的至少一个。 [0017] The stabilizing member may comprise a sleeve or grease of at least one spreading member.

[0018] 地震探测系统还可包括至少一个通气孔。 [0018] The seismic exploration system comprises at least one further vent.

[0019] 可以将一个或多个O形环集成到顶板或活塞杆中的至少一个中。 [0019] One or more O-rings integrated into the roof or at least one of the piston rod.

[0020] 超压波发生器可以是直接爆震超压波发生器。 [0020] The overpressure wave generator may be a direct detonation wave generator overpressure.

[0021] 本发明的另一方面涉及到一种地震探测方法,其包括: [0021] Another aspect of the present invention relates to a method of seismic exploration, comprising:

[0022] 使用直接爆震超压波发生器来生成超压波并将超压波的压力转换成在目标介质中产生传导声波的力。 [0022] The direct detonation wave generator generates an overpressure overpressure and the overpressure wave wave force into a force transmitted sound in the target medium.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 参考附图来描述本发明。 [0023] The present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. 在图中,相同的参考标号指示相同或功能上类似的元件。 In the drawings, like reference numbers indicate identical or functionally similar elements. 另外,参考标号的(一个或多个)最左数字识别参考标号第一次在其中出现的图。 Further, the left-most digit recognition reference numeral first appears in which the reference numerals (one or more) FIG.

[0024] 图1A和IB描绘了示例性超压波发生器; [0024] FIGS. 1A and IB depict exemplary overpressure wave generator;

[0025] 图2描绘了示例性地震探测系统; [0025] FIG 2 depicts an exemplary seismic detection system;

[0026]图3描绘了包括耦合室、圆筒、活塞以及接地板的示例性耦合部件; [0026] Figure 3 depicts a chamber coupling, a cylinder, a piston and a coupling member including an exemplary ground plate;

[0027]图4描绘了包括耦合室和推板的示例性耦合部件; [0027] FIG 4 depicts an exemplary coupling member comprises a coupling chamber and the push plate;

[0028] 图5描绘了示例性耦合部件,其包括耦合室、柔性膜以及包括顶板、活塞杆、移动约束器以及接地板的推板组件; [0028] FIG 5 depicts an exemplary coupling member, which includes a coupling chamber, the flexible membrane and includes a top plate, a piston and a push plate movement restraint assembly ground plate;

[0029]图5B描绘了示例性耦合部件,其包括耦合室、移动约束器、稳定部件、包括顶板、活塞杆以及接地板的推板组件以及止动部件; [0029] Figure 5B depicts an exemplary coupling member, which includes a coupling chamber, the movement restraint, a stabilizing member, including a top plate, a piston rod and a push plate assembly ground plate and a stopper member;

[0030]图5C描绘了爆震之前的图5B的示例性耦合部件; [0030] Figure 5C depicts an exemplary coupling member before detonation of FIG. 5B;

[0031]图f5D描绘了在爆震之后紧接着的图5B的示例性耦合部件; [0031] FIG f5D depicts an exemplary coupling member immediately after the knock FIG. 5B;

[0032] 图5E描绘了示例性稳定部件; [0032] Figure 5E depicts an exemplary stabilizing member;

[0033]图6描绘了具有被成形为控制排气速率的排气孔的图3的示例性耦合部件; [0033] FIG 6 depicts an exemplary coupling member having been shaped to control the rate of exhaust vent of Figure 3;

[0034] 图7描绘了操作超压波发生器的活塞杆和第二板;以及 [0034] FIG 7 depicts an operation of the piston rod and the second plate overpressure wave generator; and

[0035] 图8描绘了被构造成形成金属的示例性超压波发生器。 [0035] FIG 8 depicts an exemplary overpressure wave generator is configured to form the metal.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0036] 现在将参考附图更全面地描述本发明,在附图中示出了本发明的优选实施例。 [0036] will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings of the present invention, shown in the drawings a preferred embodiment of the present invention. 然而,不应将本发明理解为局限于在本文中阐述的实施例;相反,其是为了使得本公开将透彻且完成并将向本领域的技术人员全面地传达本发明的范围而提供了。 However, the invention should not be understood as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, it is provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art and provided.

[0037] 以示例而非限制的方式,某些所述实施例可涉及包括超压波发生器的系统和/或装置、用于使用超压波发生器的方法等。 [0037] way of example and not limitation, some of the embodiments may be directed to a system overpressure wave generator and / or a device, method for overpressure wave generator and the like. 可至少部分地通过使用出现的革命的超压波发生技术来促进用于此类实施例的示例性实现,该技术可称为直接爆震超压波发生,其使得能够进彳丁爆震和相应发生的超压波的精确定时和振幅控制。 Overpressure waves can occur by using a revolutionary technology occurs at least in part to facilitate exemplary implementation for such embodiments, the technique may be referred to as a direct detonation wave generating overpressure, which enables stimulation was butoxy and knock precise timing and amplitude control over the respective pressure waves occur. 替换地,该技术可称为瞬时爆震、或指示出在没有爆燃的情况下或者换言之在没有爆燃转爆震过渡(DDT)过程的情况下实现爆震的任何其它此类术语。 Alternatively, the technique may be called the instantaneous detonation, or any other such term indicating the case without knock or in other words knocking achieved without deflagration to detonation transition (of DDT) process is. 在2011年2月8日发布且题为“System and Method forGenerating and Directing Very Loud Sounds” 的共同转让美国专利号7,883,926、2011年2 月15 日提交且题为“System and Method for Ignit1n of a Gaseous or DispersedFuel-oxidant Mixture”的共同转让美国专利号7,886,866以及2012年10月23日条且题为“System and Method for Generating and Controlling Conducted Acoustic Wave forGeophysical Explorat1n”的共同转让美国专利号8,292, 022中第一次全面地描述了直接爆震技术并授予专利。 Posted on February 8, 2011 and commonly assigned, entitled "System and Method forGenerating and Directing Very Loud Sounds" US Patent No. 7,883,926, February 15, 2011 filed and entitled "System and Method for Ignit1n of a Gaseous or DispersedFuel-oxidant Mixture "commonly assigned US Patent No. 7,886,866, and October 23, 2012 and the article entitled" System and Method for Generating and Controlling Conducted Acoustic Wave forGeophysical Explorat1n "commonly assigned US Pat. No. 8,292, 022 in the first comprehensive description of the direct knock technology and patented. 这些文献的内容被通过引用结合到本文中。 Contents of these documents are incorporated by reference herein. 在2012年11月6日发布且题为“System and Method for Generating and Controlling Conducted AcousticWave for Geophysical Explorat1n”的共同转让美国专利号8,302,730中描述了第二代直接爆震超压波技术并授予专利。 Published in 2012 and titled November 6 "System and Method for Generating and Controlling Conducted AcousticWave for Geophysical Explorat1n" commonly assigned US Pat. No. 8,302,730 describes a second-generation direct detonation wave technology and overpressure patented. 这些文献的内容被通过引用结合到本文中。 Contents of these documents are incorporated by reference herein.

[0038] 本发明涉及用于使用耦合室和推板组件及可选活塞将超压波耦合到目标介质的系统和方法。 [0038] The present invention relates to the use of the coupler chamber and the thrust plate assemblies and optionally a piston coupled to the system overpressure wave and a target media. 在第一实施例中,在圆筒内可移动的非柔性活塞邻近于耦合室,其中,活塞具有活塞环或某个其它密封机构以用于提供活塞与圆筒之间的实质密封。 In the first embodiment, the movable piston within the cylinder adjacent to the non-flexible coupling chamber, wherein the piston has a piston ring seal or some other mechanism for providing a substantial seal between the piston and the cylinder. 当产生超压波时,耦合室中的压力被施加于活塞,其推动与目标介质直接接触的推板组件,其中,被施加压力的活塞表面的面积(例如,平方英寸)乘以耦合室中的压力(psi)对应于产生并作为声波传导到目标介质中的力,并且与目标介质接触的推板的面积确定产生的力到目标介质中的分布,其中,可以将该面积确定为对应于期望接地psi。 When the overpressure wave, the coupling pressure chamber is applied to the piston, which pushes the push plate assembly in direct contact with a target medium, wherein the surface area of ​​the piston which pressure is applied (e.g., square inches) by coupling chamber pressure (psi) corresponds to generating a force as the target sound-conducting medium, and the area of ​​the push plate is in contact with the target medium to determine the distribution of force generated in the target medium, wherein the area may be determined to correspond to the expectations grounded psi. 推板组件可以是形状类似于圆盘的接地板,可具有不同形状,或者包括多个附接部件,例如被活塞杆附接的两个板。 Push plate assembly may have a shape similar to the ground plate disk, may have different shapes, or comprises a plurality of attachment members, for example, two plates are attached to the piston rod. 根据一个布置,随着活塞向下移动,排气能够经由在活塞向下移动之前被该活塞封闭的排气孔逸出,其中,可以将排气孔的形状构造成调整排气速率。 According to one arrangement, as the piston moves downward, the exhaust gas can be of the piston to escape via the vent hole closed until the piston is moved downward, wherein the shape of the vent may be configured to adjust the rate of exhaust gas.

[0039] 在本发明的第二实施例中,耦合部件包括耦合室和推板组件,其为直接地与目标介质接触的接地板。 [0039] In the second embodiment of the present invention, the coupling member comprises a coupling chamber and the push plate assembly, which is a ground plate in direct contact with the target medium. 在耦合室中产生的压力被直接地施加于推板组件。 Coupling pressure generated in the chamber is directly applied to the push plate assembly. 针对第二实施例,推板的面积量(平方英寸)乘以在耦合室中产生的压力确定了产生并作为声波传导到目标介质中的力。 Multiplied by the pressure generated in the coupling chamber is determined as the force is generated and the sound-conducting medium is a target for the amount of area to the second embodiment, the push plates (square inches).

[0040] 在第三实施例中,耦合部件还包括耦合室、柔性膜以及推板组件,只是该推板组件包括被附接到活塞杆的顶板,所述活塞杆被附接到直接与目标介质接触的底(或接地)板。 [0040] In the third embodiment, the coupling member further comprises a coupling chamber, the flexible membrane and the push plate assembly, only the push plate assembly includes a piston rod attached to the top plate, the piston rod is attached directly to the target the wetted substrate (or ground) plate. 顶板和活塞杆可在移动约束器内移动。 The top plate and the piston rod is movable within the mobile restraint. 针对第三实施例,与推板组件接触的柔性膜的面积量(平方英寸)乘以在耦合室中产生的压力(psi)确定了产生并作为声波传导到目标介质中的力。 For the third embodiment, the pressure (psi) the amount of area of ​​the flexible film in contact with the push plate assembly (square inches) by coupling produced in the chamber is determined as generated and the sound-conducting medium to the target force.

[0041] 在第四实施例中,耦合部件包括耦合室、移动约束器、稳定部件、包括顶板、活塞杆以及接地板的推板组件以及止动部件。 [0041] In the fourth embodiment, the coupling member comprises a coupling chamber, the movement restraint, a stabilizing member, including a top plate, a piston rod and the pushing plate assembly of the ground plate and a stopper member. 推板组件的顶板和稳定部件限制活塞杆的向下移动,并且止动部件和移动约束器的下内凸缘限制活塞杆的向上移动。 Stabilizing member top and the push plate assembly to limit downward movement of the piston rod, and the inner member and the lower stop flange to limit movement restraint upward movement of the piston rod. 针对第四实施例,推板的面积量(平方英寸)乘以在耦合室中产生的压力(psi)确定了产生并作为声波传导到目标介质中的力。 For the fourth embodiment, the pressure (psi) the amount of push plate area (square inches) by coupling produced in the chamber is determined as the generated power to the target sound-conducting medium.

[0042] 根据本发明的一个方面,所有排出气体被从一个或多个排出气体逸出出口压出,其中,可以存在一个、两个或更多排出气体逸出出口。 [0042] In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, all of the exhaust gas is discharged from one or more of the gas escaping out of the outlet pressure, wherein there may be one, two or more outlet exhaust gas evolution. 气体逸出出口可包括喷嘴以提供负推力。 Gas evolution may include a nozzle outlet to provide a negative thrust. 气体逸出出口可包括消声器。 Gas evolution may comprise a muffler outlet. 气体逸出出口可包括用于调谐超压波发生器的脉冲回收速率的一个或多个节气门。 Gas evolution outlet may comprise a tuner for over-pressure pulse wave generator or a plurality of throttle recovery rate. 回收速率可以是缓慢的以使得能够实现低频地震探测,或者对于高频应用而言可以是快速的,或者可以在其之间的任何位置。 Recovery rate may be slow to enable low frequency seismic, or for high frequency applications may be rapid, or may be any position between them. 可以调谐节气门以控制反冲超压波发生器的影响的量以消除任何地震回波。 Throttle may be tuned to control the amount of influence of the pressure wave generator to eliminate any anti Chongchao seismic returns.

[0043]直接爆震超压波发生器背景 [0043] The direct detonation wave generator overpressure BACKGROUND

[0044]图1A和IB描绘了示例性直接爆震超压波发生器。 [0044] FIGS. 1A and IB depict exemplary overpressure direct detonation wave generator. 图1A描绘了由燃料一氧化剂混合物源105经由雷管114进行供应的超压波发生器11的爆震管110,其中,火花在爆震管100正在被填充燃料一氧化剂混合物106的同时在燃料一氧化剂混合物106内点火,立即在该点火点处引起爆震,其促使爆震波沿着爆震管100的长度传播并离开其开口端112。 FIG 1A depicts an overpressure wave generator is a mixture of a oxidizer fuel source 105 via a supply 114 of detonator 11 detonation tube 110, wherein a spark is being filled with the fuel oxidant mixture in the detonation tube 106 at 100, while a fuel firing the oxidant mixture 106, immediately causing knocking at the firing point, which causes the detonation wave propagates along the length of the detonation tube 100 and exit the open end 112 thereof.

[0045] 如图1B中所示,雷管114包括围绕雷管管子122的绝缘圆筒120。 As shown in FIG. 1B [0045], detonators 114 comprising detonator tube 122 surrounding the insulating cylinder 120. 电极124被从绝缘圆筒120的侧面插入并连接到高压导线108。 Electrode 124 is inserted and connected to the high voltage wire 108 from the side of the insulating cylinder 120. 雷管管子122在填充点116处被连接到燃料一氧化剂混合物源105 (在图3B中示出)并在其相对末端处连接到爆震管100。 Detonator tube 122 is connected at 116 to the point of filling a fuel oxidant mixture source 105 (shown in FIG. 3B) and connected to the detonation tube 100 at its opposite ends. 如图1B中所示,气体混合物106被传递到雷管管子122中且然后经由雷管114的填充点116进入爆震管100中。 As shown in FIG. 1B, the gas mixture 106 is passed to the tube 122 and then the detonator 116 into the tube 100 via the filling point detonation of the detonator 114. 当爆震管100本质上充满时,触发高压导线108以促使火花118跨电极124发生并通过流入雷管管子122中的气体混合物106而发起爆震管100中的气体的爆震。 When essentially full detonation tube 100, and high voltage wire 108 to cause a spark across the electrodes 118 and 124 occurs through the inflow pipe 122 of detonator 106 initiates detonation gas mixture in a gas detonation tube 100.

[0046] 图2描绘了示例性地震探测系统200,其包括超压波发生器11、耦合部件202、用于控制超压波发生器的移动的稳定机构204、用于控制超压波发生器11的操作的控制器210、回波检测器212、数据记录器214、图像处理器216以及显示设备218。 [0046] FIG 2 depicts an exemplary seismic detection system 200, which includes a overpressure wave generator 11, the coupling member 202, the movement control means for stabilizing the overpressure wave generator 204, for controlling the overpressure wave generator the controller 210 of the operation 11, the echo detector 212, data logger 214, an image processor 216 and a display device 218. 超压波发生器11的开口端被构造成使得产生的超压波被朝着目标介质208引导。 The open end of the overpressure wave generator 11 is configured such that the pressure wave is generated over the target medium toward the guide 208. 应理解的是,虽然单独地识别系统200的前述元件,但是这些元件不一定必须在物理上分离,而是可以以各种替换方式构造。 It should be understood that, although individually identified foregoing elements of system 200, these elements need not necessarily be physically separated, but may be configured in various alternative ways.

[0047]系统200的示例性超压波发生器11包括用于产生火花的源、爆震管、向爆震管中提供流动气体的气体混合物源、以及雷管。 Exemplary overpressure wave generator [0047] The system 11 includes a source 200, a knock tube for generating a spark, a gas mixture of a source gas flow, and the detonator to detonation tube. 超压波发生器可以替换地包括一组爆震管,其被同时地引爆从而产生组合超压波。 Overpressure wave generator may alternatively comprise a set of detonation tubes, which are simultaneously detonated to produce an overpressure wave composition. 可以使用一个或多个喷嘴来实现系统200,从而使由超压波发生器产生的爆震波的阻抗与周围环境、即空气的阻抗更紧密地匹配,从而减少返回到超压波发生器中的能量的反射,增加所产生的超压波的强度,增加由超压波产生的合力,并且导致更强的传导声波。 One or more nozzles may be used to implement the system 200, so that the detonation wave produced by the overpressure wave generator impedance with the surrounding environment, i.e. more closely match the impedance of the air, thereby reducing the return to the overpressure wave generator energy reflected waves to increase the strength of the generated overpressure, increasing the force produced by the overpressure wave, and results in a stronger transmitted sound.

[0048] 超压波发生器被引爆而产生超压波。 [0048] The overpressure wave generator is detonated to produce an overpressure wave. 所产生的超压的力被耦合部件202耦合到诸如地面、冰或者水之类的目标介质208而产生传导声波。 Overpressure forces generated coupling member 202 is coupled to a target, such as a ground, ice or water or the like medium 208 to generate an acoustic wave conduction. 稳定机构204为超压波发生器11的移动提供稳定性,本质上仅允许上下移动或者基本上完全阻止移动。 Stabilizing means 204 to provide stability to the movement of the overpressure wave generator 11, allowing only vertical movement essentially or substantially completely prevented movement.

[0049] 耦合部件202包括空气、液体、弹簧等,或者可包括橡胶或具有期望的类似于弹簧和阻尼特性(诸如相反极性的磁体)的某些类似化合物。 [0049] The coupling member 202 comprises an air, a liquid, such as a spring, or may comprise a rubber or similar having a desired spring and damping characteristics (such as a magnet of opposite polarity) of some analogous compounds. 耦合部件202可以可选地包括如前所述的阻抗转变装置206,其直接地接触目标介质208以赋予传导声波。 The coupling member 202 as described above may optionally include an impedance transformation device 206, which directly contacts the target acoustic medium 208 to impart conductivity. 阻抗转变装置206可以具有各种类型的形状中的任何一个。 Impedance transformation means 206 may have any one of various types of shapes. 在示例性实施例中,阻抗转变装置206具有平直圆形形状。 In an exemplary embodiment, the impedance conversion device 206 has a flat circular shape. 根据一个布置,耦合部件202的阻抗转变装置206对应于耦合部件202的一个或多个表面,并且因此不是单独装置。 According to one arrangement, the impedance of the coupling member 202 of the apparatus 206 corresponds to a transition of one or more surfaces of the coupling member 202, and is therefore not a separate device.

[0050] 尽管图2的耦合部件具有类似于弹簧和阻尼特性,并且可包括阻抗转变装置,但本发明的耦合部件并不这样,而是替代地包括耦合室和与目标介质接触的推板组件。 [0050] Although FIG coupling member 2 has a similar spring and damping characteristics, and may include an impedance conversion device, the coupling member according to the present invention is not so, but instead includes a push plate assembly coupled to the chamber and in contact with the target medium . 耦合室在爆震时刻被基本上密封,由产生的超压波在耦合室中产生的压力被直接地或经由活塞施加于推板组件,从而将压力转换成力,从而向目标介质中产生传导声波。 Coupling detonation chamber is substantially sealed at the time, the coupling pressure generated in the chamber by the overpressure wave generated is directly applied via the piston or the push plate assembly so as to force into a force, thereby generating the target conductive medium sound waves.

[0051]图3描绘了根据本发明的第一实施例的示例性超压波发生器的截面。 [0051] FIG. 3 depicts a cross section of the overpressure wave generator according to an exemplary embodiment of a first embodiment of the present invention. 超压波发生器11的爆震管100被附接到耦合部件202。 Overpressure wave generator 11 of the detonation tube 100 is attached to coupling member 202. 爆震管100被定向为将产生的超压波朝着目标介质208引导。 Detonation tube 100 is oriented toward the target medium 208 to guide the generated overpressure waves. 耦合部件202包括耦合室302、圆筒314、活塞316以及包括接地板318的推板组件,其可以由刚性低质量物质制成,诸如钛、铝或者诸如碳复合材料或玻璃纤维之类的复合材料。 302 comprises a coupling member 202, a cylinder 314, a piston 316, and a ground plate comprises a push plate assembly 318, which may be made of a rigid material of low quality, titanium compound, aluminum or a composite material such as carbon or glass fibers such as the coupling chamber material.

[0052] 爆震管100可以具有第一直径dl,并且耦合室302可以具有第二直径d2,其中,直径d2可以小于或大于第一直径dl。 [0052] 100 may have a first detonation tube diameter DL, and the coupling chamber 302 may have a second diameter d2, wherein the diameter d2 may be smaller or larger than the first diameter dl. 替换地,耦合室可以具有与爆震管相同的直径。 Alternatively, the coupling chamber may have the same diameter of the detonation tube. 耦合室还可以具有变化直径,并且其可以具有除圆形形状之外的形状,例如椭圆形状或矩形形状或者任何其它期望形状。 Coupling chamber may also have varying diameter, and it may have a shape other than a circular shape, for example oval or rectangular shape, or any other desired shape. 耦合室具有容积V,当产生超压波时在其中产生峰值压力,其中,用于圆形耦合室的容积是其高度和直径的函数。 Coupling chamber has a volume V, when the overpressure peak pressure wave generated therein, wherein the means for coupling the circular chamber volume is a function of its height and diameter. 总体上你,可以将直径dl和d2及容积V选择成具有在爆震管100中的压力与耦合室302中的压力之间的期望压力比。 Overall you can select the diameter dl and d2 and the volume V to have a desired pressure between the pressure in the chamber 302 and coupled to the tube 100 in the detonation ratio. 例如,爆震管中的压力可能为约500psi,而親合室中的压力可能为约130psi。 For example, the pressure may be in the detonation tube is about 500 psi, and the pressure chamber may be affinity of about 130psi.

[0053] 耦合室302可包括外凸缘304a。 [0053] The coupling chamber 302 may comprise an outer flange 304a. 圆筒314可包括上外凸缘304b且可包括下外凸缘304c。 An outer cylinder 314 may include an upper flange 304b and may include a lower outer flange 304c. 可以将橡胶或类似密封部件308放置在耦合室302的外凸缘304a与圆筒314的上外凸缘304b之间。 It may be rubber or a similar sealing member 308 disposed between the coupling chamber 302 and a cylindrical outer flange 304a 304b 314 of the outer flange. 可以将螺栓310放置在两个凸缘304a、304b中的孔中并用螺母312固定以便将圆筒314附接到耦合室302。 Bolts 310 may be placed in the two flanges 304a, 304b with a hole and a nut 312 fixed to the cylindrical chamber 314 is attached to coupling 302. 替换地,可以将耦合室302和圆筒314焊接在一起或者另外是单个部件。 Alternatively, the coupling 314 and the cylindrical chamber 302 may be welded together or otherwise be a single component. 活塞316的顶部面积和向其施加的压力确定在目标介质中被转换成传导声波的力。 Top of the piston area and pressure applied thereto 316 determines transmitted sound is converted into a force in the target medium. 与目标介质接触的板318的面积确定施加于目标介质的力的分布。 Area of ​​the plate 318 in contact with the target medium to determine the distribution of force applied to the target medium. 在图3中还示出了通气管320,其可以具有喷嘴、消声器和/或节气门。 In FIG 3 also shows the vent pipe 320, which may have a nozzle, a muffler and / or throttle.

[0054]图4描绘了示例性系统400的截面,其包括被附接到耦合部件202的超压波发生器11,该耦合部件202包括耦合室302和包括接地板318的推板组件。 [0054] FIG 4 depicts a section of an exemplary system 400, which includes a coupling member 202 is attached to the overpressure wave generator 11, the coupling member 202 includes a coupling chamber 302 and the push plate assembly 318 includes a ground plate. 耦合室具有停靠在板318上的外凸缘304。 Chamber having a coupling plate 318 rests on the outer flange 304. 此类布置要求在非常硬的表面上的操作,例如沙漠地面、公路、堤坝等。 Such an arrangement requires the operator on very hard surfaces, e.g. desert ground, roads, dams and the like.

[0055]图5A描绘了示例性系统500的截面,其包括被附接到耦合部件202的超压波发生器11,该耦合部件202包括耦合室302、柔性膜405以及包括顶板504、活塞杆510以及与目标介质接触的接地板318的推板组件。 [0055] Figure 5A depicts a section of an exemplary system 500, which includes a coupling member is attached to the overpressure wave generator 11 202, which is coupled to the coupling member 202 comprises a chamber 302, and the flexible film 405 includes a top plate 504, the piston rod and a ground plate 510 in contact with the target assembly 318 of the push plate medium. 顶板504和活塞杆318的移动被约束在移动约束器508中。 The top plate 504 and the piston rod 318 is constrained to movement restraint 508. 耦合室302包括防止顶板504向上移动的内凸缘502a。 Coupling chamber 302 comprises an inner flange 502a of the top plate 504 to prevent upward movement. 橡胶或类似密封部件308被放置在内凸缘502a(和可选地外凸缘304a)和柔性膜506之间。 Rubber or a similar sealing member 308 is disposed between the flange 502a (and optionally, an outer flange 304a) and a flexible inner membrane 506. 移动约束器具有上外凸缘304b和内凸缘502b,其中,顶板504可以在柔性膜506与内凸缘502b之间移动。 Mobile restraint having an outer flange and an inner flange 304b 502b, wherein the top plate 504 can be moved between the flexible film 506 and the flange 502b. 顶板504和接地板318可以是具有低质量和强度的刚性盘,诸如钛、铝或复合材料,诸如碳复合材料或玻璃纤维。 The top plate 504 and the ground plate 318 may be a rigid disk of low mass and strength, such as titanium, aluminum or composite materials, such as carbon or glass fiber composite material. 活塞杆510和移动约束器每个可以为也是刚性且低质量的管道,并且可以是钛、铝或诸如碳复合材料或玻璃纤维之类的复合材料。 And moving the piston rod 510 of each restraint is rigid and may be of low quality pipes, and may be a composite of titanium, aluminum, or a composite material such as carbon or glass fibers or the like.

[0056]图5B描绘了示例性系统530的截面,其包括被附接到耦合部件202的超压波发生器11,该耦合部件202包括耦合室302、柔性膜506以及包括顶板(或活塞)504、活塞杆510以及与目标介质接触的接地板318的推板组件。 [0056] Figure 5B depicts a section of an exemplary system 530, which includes a coupling member is attached to the overpressure wave generator 11 202, which is coupled to the coupling member 202 comprises a chamber 302, and the flexible film 506 includes a top plate (or piston) 504, piston rod 510 and the ground plate in contact with the target assembly 318 of the push plate medium. 顶板504和活塞杆318的向下移动被约束在移动约束器508中。 The top plate 504 and downward movement of the piston rod 318 is constrained to movement restraint 508. 耦合室302包括外凸缘304a。 Coupling chamber 302 includes an outer flange 304a. 橡胶或类似密封部件308被放置在耦合室302的外凸缘304a与移动约束器508的上外凸缘304b之间。 Rubber or a similar sealing member 308 is disposed between the coupling flange 304a and the outer chamber 302 to constrain movement on the outer flange 304b 508. 移动约束器具有上外凸缘304b、下内凸缘502,并且包括稳定部件522,其中,顶板504可以向下移动直至其撞击稳定部件522为止。 Mobile restraint having an outer flange 304b, the lower flange 502, and includes a stabilizing member 522, wherein the top plate 504 can be moved downwardly until it strikes until the stabilizing member 522. 稳定部件被示为略微在下内凸缘502之上(为了明了起见),但是可以替代地抵靠下内凸缘502。 Stabilizing member is shown to be slightly above the lower flange 502 (for clarity), but may alternatively be a lower flange 502 against the inner. 稳定部件可以是任何类型的机构,其将活塞杆510的移动约束为仅平行于耦合室和移动约束器508的侧面的移动。 Stabilizing member may be any type of mechanism, which moves the piston rod 510 is constrained to move only parallel to the side surface and the coupling chamber 508 of the mobile constraints.

[0057] 在接地板318与移动约束器的下内凸缘502之间描绘了止动部件524,例如环形橡胶止动部件。 [0057] between the lower ground plane 318 and the flange 502 moving restraint depicts a stopper member 524, such as an annular rubber stopper member. 其目的是防止金属下内凸缘502撞击金属接地板318并从而防止产生金属撞击金属的声音。 Its purpose is to prevent the lower flange 502 of metal striking metal ground plate 318 and thereby preventing the metal metallic sounds. 虽然在本文中描述了橡胶止动部件524,但可以使用任何其它期望材料来代替橡胶。 Although described herein stopper rubber member 524, may be used instead of any other desired material rubbers. 为了明了起见,橡胶止动部件524被描绘为略微在下内凸缘502以下。 For clarity, the rubber stopper member 524 is depicted as slightly below the inner flange 502 or less. 然而,在正常操作中,下内凸缘502可以在诸如图5C中描绘的爆震之前停靠在橡胶止动部件524上。 However, in normal operation, the lower flange 502 before the detonation can be as depicted in FIG. 5C resting on the rubber stopper member 524. 可以选择橡胶止动件318和稳定部件522的厚度以将活塞杆510在爆震期间的移动限制于期望距离(例如,三英寸)。 You can choose the thickness of rubber stopper 318 and stabilizing member 522 to move the piston rod 510 during the knock limit to a desired distance (e.g., three inches). 可以通过比较图5C和f5D来使得此移动限制可视化,其分别地描绘爆震之前和紧接着在爆震之后的活塞杆510的位置。 This may be such that movement restriction by comparing FIGS. 5C and f5D visualization, which positions respectively before and knocking rod 510 immediately after the knocking is depicted. 如示例性系统500 —样,系统520的顶板504和接地板318可以是具有低质量和强度的刚性盘,诸如钛、铝或复合材料,诸如碳复合材料或玻璃纤维。 The exemplary system 500-- like, the top plate 504 of the system 520 and the ground plate 318 may be a rigid disk of low mass and strength, such as titanium, aluminum or composite materials, such as carbon or glass fiber composite material. 活塞杆510和移动约束器508每个可以是也是刚性且低质量的管道,并且可以是钛、铝或诸如碳复合材料或玻璃纤维之类的复合材料。 Moving the piston rod 510 and 508 each may be a constraint is a rigid pipe and low quality, and may be a composite of titanium, aluminum, or a composite material such as carbon or glass fibers or the like.

[0058] 图5E描绘了示例性稳定部件522的截面。 [0058] Figure 5E depicts an exemplary cross-sectional stable member 522. 参考图5E,稳定部件522包括四个圆盘522a — 522d、两个O形环526a、526b、油脂散布部件528a以及至少一个油脂端口530a。 Referring 5E, the stabilizing member 522 includes four discs 522a - 522d, two O rings 526a, 526b, 528a oil dispersion member and at least one oil port 530a. 稳定部件522可以是圆形环或被附接在一起的多个环。 Stabilizing member 522 may be a circular ring or multiple rings attached together. 在图5E中,稳定部件522包括被螺栓(未示出)附接的四个圆形环522a — 522d,所述螺栓可以被松开以允许将活塞杆510放置到移动约束器508中,然后可以将螺栓上紧,促使O形环526a、526b压紧活塞杆510。 In Figure 5E, the stabilizing member 522 includes a bolt (not shown) attached to four circular rings 522a - 522d, the bolt may be loosened to allow movement of the piston rod 510 is placed into the restraint 508, and may be tightened on the bolt, causes the O-ring 526a, 526b pressed against the piston rod 510. 在操作期间,油脂栗(未示出)可以周期性地向所述至少一个油脂端口530a提供油脂,其中,油脂在装置的操作期间被油脂散布部件528a散布。 During operation, chestnut oil (not shown) may be provided periodically to said at least one fat oil port 530a, wherein the oil during operation of the device is dispersed oil dispersion member 528a. 图5E还描绘了在顶板(或活塞)504的外面的O形环526c、526d,其中,在操作期间,油脂被周期性地提供给至少一个油脂端口530b且该油脂被油脂散布部件528b散布。 Figure 5E depicts a further plate (or piston) outside of an O-ring 504, 526c, 526d, which, during operation, oil is periodically supplied to the at least one oil port 530b and 528b of the oil is dispersed oil dispersion member. 本领域的技术人员将认识到可以采用所有种类的稳定方法,包括使O形环被集成到活塞杆中、使用衬套、使用类似于止动部件的橡胶环状物环等。 Those skilled in the art will recognize that stabilization may be employed all kinds of methods, including the O-ring is integrated into the piston rod, a liner, using a similar stop member is a rubber ring or the like ring.

[0059]图6描绘了具有被成形为控制排气速率的排气孔602的图3的示例性耦合部件202。 [0059] FIG 6 depicts an exemplary coupling member 202 is shaped having a vent hole 602 in FIG controlling the rate of exhaust gas 3. 根据一个布置,可以与泪珠类似地对孔进行成形。 According to one arrangement, the hole can be formed similarly to tears.

[0060]图7描绘了操作超压波发生器的活塞杆和接地板。 [0060] FIG 7 depicts an overpressure wave generator operating rod and the ground plate.

[0061] 图8描绘了被构造成形成金属的示例性超压波发生器。 [0061] FIG 8 depicts an exemplary overpressure wave generator is configured to form the metal.

[0062] 本领域的技术人员将认识到,虽然本公开涉及被从单个超压波发生器附接到单个爆震管的单个耦合部件,但可以有多个爆震管和/或多个超压波形发生器和单个耦合部件的所有种类的组合以及可能与公共接地板相交互的多个耦合部件的组合。 [0062] Those skilled in the art will recognize that although the present disclosure relates to a single coupling member is attached to a single detonation tube overpressure wave generator from a single, but a plurality of detonation tubes and / or a plurality of super a combination of all kinds of pressure waveform generator and a single coupling member and a plurality of coupling members may interact with the common ground plane.

[0063] 根据一个布置,可以将朝向目标介质引导超压波的一个或多个超压波发生器与远离目标介质引导超压波的一个或多个超压波发生器组合,并且其组合的产生力被平衡以防止系统的反冲。 [0063] According to one arrangement, one or more may be toward the overpressure wave generator combination boot target medium overpressure wave or a wave generator and a plurality of overpressure from the target media guide overpressure wave, and combinations thereof generating forces are balanced to prevent the recoil system.

[0064] 虽然已描述了本发明的特定实施例,然而应理解的是本发明不限于此,因为可以由进行修改,特别是根据前述教导。 [0064] Although the present invention has been described with specific embodiments, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited thereto since modifications may be made, particularly in light of the foregoing teachings.

Claims (20)

1.一种地震探测系统,包括: 超压波发生器,用于产生超压波;以及耦合部件,用于将所述超压波的压力转换成在目标介质中产生传导声波的力,所述耦合部件包括: 耦合室,用于从所述超压波发生器接收所述超压波; 推板组件,包括: 顶板; 活塞杆;以及接地板; 移动约束器,用于约束由所述耦合室接收所述超压波而引起的所述推板组件的移动,所述移动约束器包括: 稳定部件,用于将所述活塞杆的移动约束为仅基本上平行于耦合室和移动约束器的侧面的移动;以及密封部件,用于在所述超压波的产生期间基本上密封所述耦合部件;以及止动部件,用于防止所述移动约束器撞击所述接地板。 1. A seismic detection system, comprising: overpressure wave generator, for generating overpressure wave; and a coupling means for a pressure wave to the overpressure into force transmitting acoustic waves generated in the target medium, the said coupling member comprising: a coupling chamber, from said wave generator for receiving the overpressure overpressure wave; push plate assembly, comprising: a top plate; rod; and a ground plate; movement restraint for restraining the said receiving the wave movement caused by the overpressure of the thrust plate assembly coupled to the chamber, the moving restraint comprising: stabilizing means for the piston rod movement only substantially parallel to the constraint coupling chamber and constrained to move the moving side of the filter; and a seal member, for generating during said overpressure wave substantially sealing said coupling member; and a stopper member for preventing movement of the restraint strike the ground floor.
2.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述顶板和所述稳定部件被构造成限制所述活塞杆的向下移动。 2. Seismic detection system according to claim 1, wherein said top plate and said stabilizing member is configured to limit downward movement of the piston rod.
3.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述接地板、所述止动部件以及所述移动约束器被构造成限制所述活塞杆的向上移动。 3. The seismic survey system of claim 1, wherein said ground plate, said stop member and the movement restraint is configured to limit upward movement of the piston rod.
4.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述止动部件防止由移动约束器和接地板产生金属撞击金属的声音。 4. The seismic survey system of claim 1, wherein said stop member prevents metallic sounds generated by the movement of the metal ground plate and restraint.
5.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述止动部件是橡胶止动部件。 The seismic system of claim 1, wherein said stop member is a rubber stopper member.
6.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述止动部件和所述稳定部件的厚度确定活塞杆可以移动的距离。 The seismic survey system of claim 1, wherein a thickness of said stopper member and said stabilizing member to determine the distance the piston rod can move.
7.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述超压波发生器包括雷管和爆震管,其中,所述超压波穿过所述爆震管并进入所述耦合室。 7. The seismic system of claim 1, wherein said overpressure wave generator comprises a detonator and detonation tube, wherein the overpressure wave through said tube and into said detonation chamber coupled.
8.根据权利要求7的地震探测系统,其中,所述爆震管具有第一直径且所述耦合室具有第二直径。 8. The seismic survey system of claim 7, wherein said detonation tube having a first diameter and the coupling chamber having a second diameter.
9.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述耦合室由钛、铝、复合材料或钢中的一个制成。 Seismic detection system according to claim 1, wherein the coupling chamber consisting of titanium, aluminum, steel or a composite material made of a requirement.
10.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述耦合室具有圆形形状。 10. The seismic system of claim 1, wherein the coupling chamber has a circular shape.
11.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,还包括:通气管。 11. The seismic survey system of claim 1, further comprising: a breather pipe.
12.根据权利要求11的地震探测系统,其中,所述通气管具有喷嘴、消声器或节气门中的至少一个。 12. The seismic system of claim 11, wherein the vent pipe having a nozzle, a muffler, or at least one throttle.
13.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述密封部件包括多个圆形环和一个或多个O形环。 13. The seismic system of claim 1, wherein said sealing member comprises a plurality of circular rings and one or more O-rings.
14.根据权利要求13的地震探测系统,其中,所述多个圆形环被螺栓附接在一起,该螺栓可以被松开以允许将活塞杆放置到移动约束器中,然后螺栓可以被上紧以促使一个或多个O形环压紧活塞杆以基本上将所述耦合部件密封。 14. The seismic system of claim 13, wherein said plurality of circular rings attached together by bolts, the bolt may be loosened to allow movement of the piston rod is placed in restraint, then the bolt can be tightened to cause one or more O-rings pressing piston member to substantially seal the coupling.
15.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述稳定部件包括油脂端口 15. The seismic system of claim 1, wherein said stabilizing means comprises a grease port
16.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述稳定部件包括衬套或油脂散布部件中的至少一个。 16. The seismic system of claim 1, wherein said stabilizing means comprises a sleeve member or grease of at least one dispersion.
17.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,还包括: 至少一个通气孔。 17. The seismic system of claim 1, further comprising: at least one vent hole.
18.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,一个或多个O形环被集成到所述顶板或所述活塞杆中的至少一个中。 18. at least one seismic detection system according to claim 1, wherein the one or more O-ring is integrated into the roof or the piston rod.
19.根据权利要求1的地震探测系统,其中,所述超压波发生器是直接爆震超压波发生器。 19. The seismic system of claim 1, wherein the wave generator is a direct overpressure overpressure detonation wave generator.
20.一种地震探测方法,包括: 使用直接爆震超压波发生器来产生超压波;以及将所述超压波的压力转换成在目标介质中产生传导声波的力。 20. A seismic method, comprising: using a direct detonation wave generator to generate an overpressure overpressure wave; and the overpressure wave force into a force transmitted sound in the target medium.
CN201480020979.7A 2006-04-17 2014-05-02 System and method for coupling an overpressure wave to a target media CN105122086A (en)

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US4043420A (en) * 1975-05-05 1977-08-23 William W. Horsman High frequency gas detonator
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US1485642A (en) * 1922-04-11 1924-03-04 Diamond Drill Contracting Comp Expanding rotary reamer
US4043420A (en) * 1975-05-05 1977-08-23 William W. Horsman High frequency gas detonator
US4697588A (en) * 1984-12-27 1987-10-06 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Shock wave tube for the fragmentation of concrements
CN101449182A (en) * 2006-04-17 2009-06-03 声霸技术有限公司 System and method for generating and controlling conducted acoustic waves for geophysical exploration
US20130118828A1 (en) * 2006-04-17 2013-05-16 Soundblast Technologies, Llc System for coupling an overpressure wave to a target media

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