CN105119521A - Inertia-energy-storage piezoelectric deformation damping and power generation device of urban subway train - Google Patents

Inertia-energy-storage piezoelectric deformation damping and power generation device of urban subway train Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105119521A
CN105119521A CN201510557249.7A CN201510557249A CN105119521A CN 105119521 A CN105119521 A CN 105119521A CN 201510557249 A CN201510557249 A CN 201510557249A CN 105119521 A CN105119521 A CN 105119521A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
spring
wheel
drive rod
main
rod
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510557249.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张明鸣
Original Assignee
北京印刷学院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北京印刷学院 filed Critical 北京印刷学院
Priority to CN201510557249.7A priority Critical patent/CN105119521A/en
Publication of CN105119521A publication Critical patent/CN105119521A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to an inertia-energy-storage piezoelectric deformation damping and power generation device of an urban subway train. The device is composed of a rectangular box body, a rectangular upper bearing plate, a rectangular lower bearing plate, a plurality of main damping springs, and a mechanical inertia energy storage mechanism. With the apparatus, the damping function during the subway train running process can be realized; the vibration kinetic energy generated during the train operation process can be converted into the electric energy for providing the power for illumination of the train compartment; and the device also can be used for replacing the existing damping unit of the urban subway train.

Description

Inertia energy storage piezoelectricity deformation city underground train shock-absorbing generation device
technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of subway train vibration-damping power-generating application technology, particularly a kind of inertia energy storage piezoelectricity deformation city underground train shock-absorbing generation device, mechanical energy in city underground train operation is converted to electric energy by resonance energy storage data-collection by this device, for city underground train carriage intraoral illumination provides electric energy, city underground train operation cost can be reduced, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
background technology:
City underground is infrastructure important in urban transportation, is the necessary basis that social economy normally runs, and is the important means alleviated traffic congestion, meet socio-economic development and resident trip demand.
Along with the fast development of national economy and the growing of Urban Residential Trip demand, each big city all accelerates the development speed of public transport.But because subway freight volume is large, its power consumption total amount is very huge, and electric power is the main energy that subway consumes, and subway power supply, usually from urban distribution network, realizes conversion and transmission by electric power supply system for subway.Electric energy two parts that its electric power energy consumption is mainly divided into train operation traction electric energy and carlighting equipment to consume.
Under the overall background that current China builds a conservation-minded society, Rail Transit System as energy-saving in He Jianshe has become an important subject in Rail Transit System planning and designing and implementation management.Also be the direction of industry development and the target of pursuit.
Because city underground runs in underground, the lighting apparatus in compartment needs 24 hours uninterrupted power supplies, if unnecessary kinetic energy is converted to electric energy in subway train being run, for the lighting apparatus in compartment provides electric energy, a large amount of electric energy is saved by for country, i.e. energy-conserving and environment-protective, can reduce city underground operation cost again.
summary of the invention:
In order to energy savings and reduction metro operation power consumption and operation cost, build energy-saving Rail Transit System, the present invention is directed to the deficiency that the existing damping technology of city underground train exists, existing damping technology is improved, propose a kind of inertia energy storage piezoelectricity deformation city underground train shock-absorbing generation device, namely it can realize the operating vibration-damping function of subway train, again can by the vibration kinetic transformation in train operation for electric energy provides electric energy for railway car throws light on.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: in a rectangular box, installed multiple structure, every size and course of work same mechanical inertia energy storage mechanism, each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism proper alignment is in rectangular box, bearing plate under bearing plate and a rectangle is had in a rectangle in the arranged outside of rectangular box, between upper bearing plate and lower bearing plate, multiple main shock-absorbing spring is installed
Each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is all made up of a stroke mapping device, flying wheel stored energy mechanism and a data-collection mechanism, and stroke mapping device is arranged on the upper end of rectangular box, flying wheel stored energy mechanism and data-collection organization establishes in rectangular box,
The stroke mapping device of each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is all made up of a main drive rod, auxiliary drive rod, driving connecting rod, long tooth bar, spring lever, spring lever joint pin, a swing spring and a spring base,
Spring lever is made up of an outer spring cap, inner spring cap, inner spring, outer cap connecting rod and an interior cap connecting rod, outer spring cap is buckled on inner spring cap, and inner spring is arranged in inner spring cap, and outer cap connecting rod is connected with outer spring cap, interior cap connecting rod is connected with inner spring cap
One end of main drive rod is connected with upper bearing plate, the middle part of main drive rod is connected with the first support column being arranged on rectangular box top by the first connecting axle, the other end of main drive rod is connected with driving the upper end of connecting rod by the second connecting axle, the lower end of connecting rod is driven to be connected with one end of auxiliary drive rod by the 3rd connecting axle, the middle part of auxiliary drive rod is connected with the second support column being arranged on rectangular box top by the 4th connecting axle, the other end of auxiliary drive rod is connected with the upper end of long tooth bar by the 5th connecting axle, the lower end of long tooth bar is connected with the upper end of spring lever by the 6th connecting axle, the lower end of spring lever is connected with spring lever joint pin by the 7th connecting axle, spring lever joint pin is arranged on below rectangular box, spring base is arranged on below auxiliary drive rod, swing spring is arranged between long tooth bar upper end and spring base,
The flying wheel stored energy mechanism of each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is all made up of a main driven wheel, flying wheel, an auxiliary driven wheel,
What the first driving shaft, the second driving shaft and the 3rd driving shaft were parallel to each other is fixedly mounted in rectangular box,
Main driven wheel is rotating to be arranged on the first driving shaft, and flying wheel is rotating to be arranged on the second driving shaft, and auxiliary driven wheel is rotating to be arranged on the 3rd driving shaft,
Main driven wheel is meshed with the pinion of flying wheel, and the gear wheel of flying wheel is meshed with the pinion of auxiliary driven wheel, and 4 wheel driven moving axis is fixedly mounted on the edge of the gear wheel of auxiliary driven wheel, and 4 wheel driven moving axis is vertical with auxiliary driven wheel,
The middle part of long tooth bar is meshed with main driven wheel is flexible by spring lever, the middle part that long tooth bar moves downward duration tooth bar can be meshed with main driven wheel is flexible under spring lever promotes, the move upward middle part of duration tooth bar of long tooth bar can be thrown off with main driven wheel under the promotion of swing spring
The data-collection mechanism of each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is all made up of a reciprocating motion drive rod, driving slide block, piezoelectric ceramic piece, the first connecting plate and first connecting plate,
One end of reciprocating motion drive rod is rotating to be arranged on 4 wheel driven moving axis, the other end of reciprocating motion drive rod is arranged on by the 5th driving shaft is rotating the lower end driving slide block, the upper end of slide block is driven to be connected with in the middle part of piezoelectric ceramic piece, the two ends of piezoelectric ceramic piece are fixedly mounted in rectangular box by the first connecting plate and the first connecting plate
When the vibration of subway train is applied to upper bearing plate, a part of pressure of train is delivered on main shock-absorbing spring by upper bearing plate, another part pressure of train passes through the main drive rod of the stroke mapping device of each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism, drive connecting rod, auxiliary drive rod, long tooth bar is delivered on the main driven wheel of each flying wheel stored energy mechanism, the up-down vibration amplitude of upper bearing plate is amplified by the stroke amplitude of stroke mapping device, drive long tooth bar significantly up-down vibration, and by long tooth bar, spring lever and swing spring drive main driven wheel one-directional rotation, flying wheel high speed rotating is driven by main driven wheel one-directional rotation, the rotational kinetic energy being flying wheel by vibration kinetic transformation is stored in the flying wheel of high speed rotating,
The auxiliary driven wheel of rotating drive of flying wheel rotates, and drive piezoelectric ceramic piece significantly up-down vibration by reciprocating motion drive rod and driving slide block, above-mentioned vibration constantly goes on, constantly exporting alternating current at two electrodes of piezoelectric ceramic piece, is electric energy by said process by the vibration kinetic transformation of subway train.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the damper mechanism being constituted subway train by main shock-absorbing spring, constituted the self-generating system of subway train simultaneously by stroke mapping device, data-collection mechanism and machinery inertial stored energy mechanism, namely saved the energy and again reduced metro operation cost.
accompanying drawing illustrates:
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is overall structure vertical view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is A-A cutaway view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is B-B cutaway view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is C-C cutaway view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is D-D cutaway view of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is E-E cutaway view of the present invention.
Embodiment:
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3,7 structures, machinery inertial stored energy mechanism that every size is identical with the course of work have been installed on the top of rectangular box 9, each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism proper alignment is in rectangular box 9, bearing plate 11 under bearing plate 10 and rectangle is had in rectangle in the arranged outside of rectangular box 9, main shock-absorbing spring 8-1, main shock-absorbing spring 8-2, main shock-absorbing spring 8-3 and main shock-absorbing spring 8-4 are installed between upper bearing plate 10 and lower bearing plate 11
In fig. 1 and 2, first machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is made up of a stroke mapping device, an elastic energy storage mechanism and a data-collection mechanism, stroke mapping device is arranged on the top of rectangular box 9, and elastic energy storage mechanism and data-collection organization establishes are in rectangular box 9
In fig. 1 and 2, the stroke mapping device of first machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is made up of main drive rod 1-1, driving connecting rod 1-5, auxiliary drive rod 1-7, long tooth bar 1-11, spring lever 1-13, spring lever joint pin 5, swing spring 1-16 and spring base 1-15
In figure 6, spring lever 1-13 is made up of an outer spring cap 1-13-1, inner spring cap 1-13-2, inner spring 1-13-3, an outer cap connecting rod 1-13-5 and an interior cap connecting rod 1-13-4, outer spring cap 1-13-1 is buckled on inner spring cap 1-13-2, inner spring 1-13-3 is arranged in inner spring cap 1-13-2, outer cap connecting rod 1-13-5 is connected with outer spring cap 1-13-1, interior cap connecting rod 1-13-4 is connected with inner spring cap 1-13-2
One end of main drive rod 1-1 is connected with upper bearing plate 10, the middle part of main drive rod 1-1 is connected with the first support column 1-3 being arranged on rectangular box 9 top by the first connecting axle 1-2, the other end of main drive rod 1-1 is connected with driving the upper end of connecting rod 1-5 by the second connecting axle 1-4, the lower end of connecting rod 1-5 is driven to be connected with one end of auxiliary drive rod 1-7 by the 3rd connecting axle 1-6, the middle part of auxiliary drive rod 1-7 is connected with the second support column 1-9 being arranged on rectangular box 9 top by the 4th connecting axle 1-8, the other end of auxiliary drive rod 1-7 is connected with the upper end of long tooth bar 1-11 by the 5th connecting axle 1-10,
The lower end of long tooth bar 1-11 is connected with the upper end of spring lever 1-13 by the 6th connecting axle 1-12, the lower end of spring lever 1-13 is connected with spring lever joint pin 5 by the 7th connecting axle 1-14, spring lever joint pin 5 is arranged on below rectangular box 9, spring base 1-15 is arranged on below auxiliary drive rod 1-7, swing spring 1-16 is arranged between long tooth bar 1-11 upper end and spring base 1-15
In Fig. 2 and Fig. 4, the elastic energy storage mechanism of first machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is made up of main driven wheel 2-1, flying wheel 2-6 and auxiliary driven wheel 2-9,
What the first driving shaft 2-2, the second driving shaft 2-4 and the 3rd driving shaft 2-7 were parallel to each other is fixedly mounted in rectangular box 9,
Main driven wheel 2-1 is rotating to be arranged on the first driving shaft 2-2, and flying wheel 2-6 is rotating to be arranged on the second driving shaft 2-4, and auxiliary driven wheel 2-9 is rotating to be arranged on the 3rd driving shaft 2-7,
Main driven wheel 2-1 is meshed with the pinion of flying wheel 2-6, the gear wheel of flying wheel 2-6 is meshed with the pinion of auxiliary driven wheel 2-9,4 wheel driven moving axis 2-10 is fixedly mounted on the edge of the gear wheel of auxiliary driven wheel 2-9, and 4 wheel driven moving axis 2-10 is vertical with auxiliary driven wheel 2-9
The middle part of long tooth bar 1-11 is meshed with main driven wheel 2-1 is flexible by spring lever 1-13, the middle part that long tooth bar 1-11 moves downward duration tooth bar 1-11 can be meshed with main driven wheel 2-1 is flexible under spring lever 1-13 promotes, long tooth bar 1-11 can throw off with main driven wheel 2-1 at the move upward middle part of duration tooth bar 1-11 under the promotion of swing spring 1-15
In Fig. 2 and Fig. 5, the data-collection mechanism of first machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is made up of reciprocating motion drive rod 2-11, driving slide block 2-13, piezoelectric ceramic piece 2-14, the first connecting plate 2-15-1 and the first connecting plate 2-15-2,
One end of reciprocating motion drive rod 2-11 is rotating to be arranged on 4 wheel driven moving axis 4 wheel driven moving axis 2-10, the other end of reciprocating motion drive rod 2-11 is arranged on by the 5th driving shaft 2-12 is rotating the lower end driving slide block 2-13, the upper end of slide block 2-13 is driven to be connected with in the middle part of piezoelectric ceramic piece 2-14, the two ends of piezoelectric ceramic piece 2-14 are fixedly mounted in rectangular box 9 by the first connecting plate 2-15-1 and the first connecting plate 2-15-2
When the vibration of subway train is applied to upper bearing plate 10, a part of pressure of train is delivered to main damping spring 8-1 by upper bearing plate 10, main damping spring 8-2, on main damping spring 8-3 and main damping spring 8-4, another part pressure of train passes through by main drive rod 1-1, drive connecting rod 1-5, auxiliary drive rod 1-7, the stroke mapping device that long tooth bar 1-11 etc. are formed transmits on main driven wheel 2-1, the amplitude that moves up and down of upper bearing plate 10 is amplified by the stroke amplitude of stroke mapping device, drive long tooth bar 1-11 significantly up-down vibration, and by long tooth bar 1-11, spring lever 1-13 and swing spring 1-16 drives main driven wheel 2-1 one-directional rotation, flying wheel 2-6 high speed rotating is driven by the one-directional rotation of main driven wheel 2-1, the rotational kinetic energy being flying wheel 2-6 by vibration kinetic transformation is stored in the flying wheel 2-6 of high speed rotating,
The auxiliary driven wheel 2-9 of rotating drive of flying wheel 2-6 rotates, and drive piezoelectric ceramic piece 2-14 significantly to vibrate by reciprocating motion drive rod 2-11 and driving slide block 2-13, above-mentioned vibration constantly goes on, constantly exporting alternating current at piezoelectric ceramic piece 2-14 two electrode, is electric energy by said process by the vibration kinetic transformation of subway train.

Claims (1)

1. an inertia energy storage piezoelectricity deformation city underground train shock-absorbing generation device, is made up of bearing plate, multiple main shock-absorbing spring and multiple machinery inertial stored energy mechanism under bearing plate, a rectangle in a rectangular box, a rectangle, it is characterized in that:each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is all made up of a stroke mapping device, flying wheel stored energy mechanism and a data-collection mechanism, and stroke mapping device is arranged on the upper end of rectangular box, flying wheel stored energy mechanism and data-collection organization establishes in rectangular box,
The stroke mapping device of each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is all made up of a main drive rod, auxiliary drive rod, driving connecting rod, long tooth bar, spring lever, spring lever joint pin, a swing spring and a spring base,
Spring lever is made up of an outer spring cap, inner spring cap, inner spring, outer cap connecting rod and an interior cap connecting rod, outer spring cap is buckled on inner spring cap, and inner spring is arranged in inner spring cap, and outer cap connecting rod is connected with outer spring cap, interior cap connecting rod is connected with inner spring cap
One end of main drive rod is connected with upper bearing plate, the middle part of main drive rod is connected with the first support column being arranged on rectangular box top by the first connecting axle, the other end of main drive rod is connected with driving the upper end of connecting rod by the second connecting axle, the lower end of connecting rod is driven to be connected with one end of auxiliary drive rod by the 3rd connecting axle, the middle part of auxiliary drive rod is connected with the second support column being arranged on rectangular box top by the 4th connecting axle, the other end of auxiliary drive rod is connected with the upper end of long tooth bar by the 5th connecting axle, the lower end of long tooth bar is connected with the upper end of spring lever by the 6th connecting axle, the lower end of spring lever is connected with spring lever joint pin by the 7th connecting axle, spring lever joint pin is arranged on below rectangular box, spring base is arranged on below auxiliary drive rod, swing spring is arranged between long tooth bar upper end and spring base,
The flying wheel stored energy mechanism of each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is all made up of a main driven wheel, flying wheel, an auxiliary driven wheel,
What the first driving shaft, the second driving shaft and the 3rd driving shaft were parallel to each other is fixedly mounted in rectangular box,
Main driven wheel is rotating to be arranged on the first driving shaft, and flying wheel is rotating to be arranged on the second driving shaft, and auxiliary driven wheel is rotating to be arranged on the 3rd driving shaft,
Main driven wheel is meshed with the pinion of flying wheel, and the gear wheel of flying wheel is meshed with the pinion of auxiliary driven wheel, and 4 wheel driven moving axis is fixedly mounted on the edge of the gear wheel of auxiliary driven wheel, and 4 wheel driven moving axis is vertical with auxiliary driven wheel,
The middle part of long tooth bar is meshed with main driven wheel is flexible by spring lever, the middle part that long tooth bar moves downward duration tooth bar can be meshed with main driven wheel is flexible under spring lever promotes, the move upward middle part of duration tooth bar of long tooth bar can be thrown off with main driven wheel under the promotion of swing spring
The data-collection mechanism of each machinery inertial stored energy mechanism is all made up of a reciprocating motion drive rod, driving slide block, piezoelectric ceramic piece, the first connecting plate and first connecting plate,
One end of reciprocating motion drive rod is rotating to be arranged on 4 wheel driven moving axis, the other end of reciprocating motion drive rod is arranged on by the 5th driving shaft is rotating the lower end driving slide block, drive the upper end of slide block to be connected with in the middle part of piezoelectric ceramic piece, the two ends of piezoelectric ceramic piece are fixedly mounted in rectangular box by the first connecting plate and the first connecting plate.
CN201510557249.7A 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Inertia-energy-storage piezoelectric deformation damping and power generation device of urban subway train CN105119521A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510557249.7A CN105119521A (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Inertia-energy-storage piezoelectric deformation damping and power generation device of urban subway train

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510557249.7A CN105119521A (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Inertia-energy-storage piezoelectric deformation damping and power generation device of urban subway train

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105119521A true CN105119521A (en) 2015-12-02

Family

ID=54667441

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510557249.7A CN105119521A (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Inertia-energy-storage piezoelectric deformation damping and power generation device of urban subway train

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105119521A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060119102A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-06-08 Hershey John E Rail based electric power generation system
CN101826814A (en) * 2009-03-02 2010-09-08 陈友余 Rail pressure generation module and system integration technology
CN101882887A (en) * 2009-05-04 2010-11-10 陈友余 High-power magnetostrictive rail pressure electricity generation module and system integration technology
CN204371567U (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-06-03 武汉邢仪新未来电力科技有限公司 A kind of road driving electricity generating device
CN204947933U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-06 北京印刷学院 Inertia energy storage piezoelectricity deformation city underground train vibration absorber

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060119102A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-06-08 Hershey John E Rail based electric power generation system
CN101826814A (en) * 2009-03-02 2010-09-08 陈友余 Rail pressure generation module and system integration technology
CN101882887A (en) * 2009-05-04 2010-11-10 陈友余 High-power magnetostrictive rail pressure electricity generation module and system integration technology
CN204371567U (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-06-03 武汉邢仪新未来电力科技有限公司 A kind of road driving electricity generating device
CN204947933U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-06 北京印刷学院 Inertia energy storage piezoelectricity deformation city underground train vibration absorber

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101749353B (en) Electrohydraulic energy-regenerative type shock absorber
CN105522741A (en) Precise support rod type three-directional punching machine tool
CN104648170B (en) A kind of intercity car electric traction system of double-current system
CN105114503B (en) Automobile energy-feedback type damper
CN102358293A (en) Non-adhesion driving structure for straddle type railway vehicle
EP2752328A1 (en) Generating device of vehicle
CN102801357A (en) Piezoelectric power-generation device for supplying power for rail vehicle bearing monitoring system
CN102410164B (en) Pressure type pavement alternate power generation assembly
CN103821051B (en) Medium-sized track switch grinding machine
CN103696918A (en) Vibration generating set and road speed bump with same
CN104863810B (en) Wheel Rail Vibration generates electricity and energy-storage system
CN202954932U (en) Swing type power generation device
CN202628413U (en) Novel power generator of deceleration strip
CN201685709U (en) Vibration type generating device
CN105799737B (en) Single-track turnout beam drive device
CN103821052A (en) Middle-sized grinding wagon
CN101307752A (en) Green slowed down road-block
CN102092303A (en) Device for generating power by using power generated by the relative motion between suspended wheel and vehicle body of vehicle
CN104389753B (en) Vibration energy recovery device
CN202703627U (en) Rollable turnout beam deflection driving assembly
CN204488808U (en) The universal subway engineering bogie of car
CN108556870A (en) A kind of railcar of dual auxiliary braking
CN101638055A (en) Device for generating electricity by vibration energy generated when vehicle travels
CN203717262U (en) Vibrating power generation device and highway decelerating belt additionally provided with vibrating power generation device
MX2014008415A (en) Wind-directly-driven oil pumping machine.

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20151202

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication