CN105116215A - Electric energy metering device for malicious load recognition - Google Patents

Electric energy metering device for malicious load recognition Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105116215A
CN105116215A CN201410669871.2A CN201410669871A CN105116215A CN 105116215 A CN105116215 A CN 105116215A CN 201410669871 A CN201410669871 A CN 201410669871A CN 105116215 A CN105116215 A CN 105116215A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
power
metering
cpu
management module
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410669871.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
Original Assignee
芜湖蓝宙电子科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 芜湖蓝宙电子科技有限公司 filed Critical 芜湖蓝宙电子科技有限公司
Priority to CN201410669871.2A priority Critical patent/CN105116215A/en
Publication of CN105116215A publication Critical patent/CN105116215A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to an electric energy metering device for malicious load recognition, and relates to the technical fields of electric parameter metering, malicious load mathematic model analysis, RS485 and TCP/IP communication network, and SQL SERVER database. The device is characterized in that the device comprises a CPU management module, a multifunctional metering module, and a power module; the CPU management module is connected with the multifunctional metering module; the power module supplies power to the CPU management module and the multifunctional metering module. The device has functions of electric energy metering and malicious load recognition for the normal use of an air conditioner.

Description

恶意负载识别的电能计量装置 Energy metering device load identification of malicious

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及电力参数计量、恶意负载的数学模型分析、RS485和TCP/IP通讯网络、SQL SERVER数据库技术领,具体涉及到恶意负载识别的电能计量装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a power measurement parameters, the mathematical model analysis malicious payload, RS485, and TCP / IP communication networks, SQL SERVER database technology lead, particularly to the energy metering device identified malicious payload.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 为了集体宿舍和学生公寓的用电安全,防止发生火灾和危及生命财产安全,高校学生公寓和大型企业的集体宿舍均安装智能电表电控管理系统,集中管理,集中控制,通过电脑设置用电功率,超出设置功率自动断电,甚至我们早期的产品可以做到通过一定的时间差开启电脑,全部电脑的总功率超出设定值不断电,而同样总功率的电炉、热得快等能自动断电。 [0002] In order to dormitories and student apartments safe use of electricity to prevent fires and endanger lives and property, college student apartments and large enterprises dormitory smart meters are installed electronic control management system, centralized management, centralized control by computer settings electric power exceeds the set power off automatically, even our early product can do turning on the computer by a certain time lag, the total power of all computers uninterruptible power exceeds the set value, and the total power of the same furnace, heat faster and so can automatically power outages.

[0003] 随着我国经济的高速发展和生活水平的不断提高,学生公寓和集体宿舍已逐步安装空调,早期的智能电表电控管理系统已不能适应要求,有的采用空调单独布线,并采用特殊的空调插座,这样施工复杂成本高,并且还有隐患,用户可通过在房间内拆除专用插座或通过转换插入普通插座,达到烧电炉、使用电吹风、使用热得快等有安全隐患的设备,依然给公寓和集体宿舍带来很大的火灾隐患。 [0003] With the continuous improvement of living standards and the rapid development of China's economy, student apartments and dormitories have been gradually installed air conditioning, electronic control early smart meter management system can not meet the requirements, and some use of air conditioning wiring alone, and the use of special the air conditioning outlet, so that the construction complexity and high costs, and there are hidden, the user can demolish or dedicated outlet in the room by converting the normal insertion socket, to burning furnace, use the hair dryer, and the like have a faster thermal device security risks, still a great deal of fire hazards to the apartment and dormitory.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明目的是提供一种恶意负载识别的电能计量装置,其具有电能计量和空调正常使用的恶意负载识别功能。 Objective [0004] The present invention is to provide an apparatus for metering electrical energy malicious payload identification, recognition malicious payload having energy metering and air conditioning normal use.

[0005] 为了解决背景技术所存在的问题,本发明是采用以下技术方案的:它包含CPU管理模块、多功能计量模块和电源模块,CPU管理模块与多功能计量模块连接,电源模块给CPU管理模块和多功能计量模块供电。 [0005] In order to solve the problems of the background art, the present invention adopts the following technical solution: it includes a CPU management module, multifunctional metering module and a power module, CPU management module connected with the multifunction metering module, power management module to the CPU power supply modules and multi-metering module.

[0006] 所述的CPU管理模块具有两个串口,一个串口同网关通讯实现数据采集和远程通讯,一个串口同多功能电表模块通讯,两个通讯口是电隔离的。 [0006] The CPU of the management module has two serial ports, one serial port for data acquisition and communication with the remote gateway communication, a serial communication module with the multi-function meter, two communication ports are electrically isolated.

[0007] 所述的多功能计量模块是一块没有直接显示的多功能电表,由CPU、计量单元、铁电存储器、485通讯、功率触发电路和双稳态大容量磁保持继电器组成。 [0007] The metering module is a versatile multifunctional meter without a direct display, a CPU, a metering unit, a ferroelectric memory, 485, the power bistable trigger circuit and large-capacity magnetic latching relays.

[0008] 本发明具有以下有益效果: [0008] The present invention has the following advantages:

1、集电能计量和空调正常使用的恶意负载识别功能,使安装空调的回路只能使用空调,而使用热得快等有火灾安全隐患的大功率电器自动跳闸断电; 1, the load current recognition malicious energy metering normal use and air conditioning, air-conditioning circuit so that only the air-conditioning, heat faster using a fire safety hazard and other high-power electrical automatic trip off;

2、避免公寓安装多条回路增加线缆开关等设备造成的不必要的投资,即使双回路只要有插座还是具有安全隐患。 2, to avoid the apartment to install multiple circuits to increase investment in equipment causing unnecessary cable switch, even if the double-loop as long as the socket or have security implications.

[0009] 附图说明: [0009] BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS:

图1为本发明的结构框图。 A block diagram of the present invention, FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0010] 参照图1,它包含CPU管理模块、多功能计量模块和电源模块,CPU管理模块与多功能计量模块连接,电源模块给CPU管理模块和多功能计量模块供电。 [0010] Referring to FIG. 1, which includes a CPU management module, multifunctional metering module and a power module, CPU management module connected with the multifunction metering module, power management module to the CPU module and the metering module multifunction power.

[0011] 本发明的工作原理: [0011] The working principle of the invention:

每只多功能计量模块均能测量该回路的有功电能、电流、电压、有功功率、无功功率、视在功率、功率因数、电网频率和电流电压之间的夹角等电参数,多只模块集中式安装,通过CPU管理模块集中管理,36户电表仅作为485通讯接口的一个节点,大大增加了485总线的带载能力,36户的电表在控制继电器不动作时消耗功率不大于2W,在控制继电器动作时消耗功率小于4W,特别适用于现在的节约型社会。 Each multifunction active energy metering module can measure this circuit, current, voltage, active power, reactive power, apparent power, power factor, power frequency voltage and current angle between the electrical parameters, only multi-module centralized installation, centralized management by the CPU management module 36 meter only one node 485 communication interface, greatly increasing the load capacity 485, 36 meter consume power control relay does not operate is not greater than 2W, the power consumption of the control relay is less than 4W, particularly applicable to the present saving society.

[0012] 由于每个计量模块都是由单相多功能电表组成,通过对回路的有功功率、视在功率、功率因数等电参数进行数据走向分析,有效的识别了恶意负载;制冷制热空调、电脑、电风扇、洗衣机等正常使用,而电炉、热的快、电吹风等有效的控制了使用,大大地避免了公寓的安全隐患,大大保证了生命财产安全。 [0012] Because each metering module is composed of a single-phase multi-function meter, the circuit of the active power, depending on the data in the electrical parameters of power, power factor analysis to effectively identify the malicious payload; cooling and heating air conditioner , computers, electric fans, washing machines and other normal use, and electric furnace, heat fast, hair dryer and other effective control of the use, largely to avoid the security risks the apartment, greatly to ensure the safety of life and property.

[0013] 多功能计量模块是一块没有显示的多功能电表,由CPU、计量单元、铁电存储器、485通讯、功率触发电路和双稳态大容量磁保持继电器所组成,计量模块采用全数字化校表,自动存储校表参数且同一数据多地址存储,纠错判别,从而保证存储参数的可靠性,一块计量模块仅需点三次鼠标在1-2分钟校表即完成;每个模块的正电源和工作地之间均采取特殊措施,保证了多功能电表模块之间互不干扰。 [0013] Multifunctional metering module is a multi-function meter, not shown, a CPU, a metering unit, a ferroelectric memory, 485, the power bistable trigger circuit and a large capacity composed of magnetic relays, metering module full digital correction table, automatically storing calibration data and multi-address storing the same data, error correction is determined so as to ensure the reliability parameters are stored, a metering module only three mouse point in 1-2 minutes to complete the correction table; positive power supply for each module are taking special measures and to work between, to ensure that no interference between the multi-function meter module. 通过对一定时间范围的有功功率的变化量和视在功率的变化量的数据分析,能够准确的判断负载的性质,作出继电器动作与否的准确判断; By analyzing a certain amount of change of active power and apparent time change amount of power data, the nature of the load can be accurately determined, to accurately determine whether or not the relay;

功率触发电路和双稳态大容量磁保持继电器正常运行时不消耗功率,只有在动作的 Power bistable trigger circuit and large-capacity magnetic latching relay does not consume power during normal operation, only the operation of the

0.1S内消耗功率,实现远程断送电、预付费、恶意负载识别自动控制断电和自动恢复送电。 Power consumption within 0.1S, power remote ruin, prepaid, to identify malicious payload automatic power-down control and automatic restore power.

[0014] CPU管理模块负责单相多功能电表的数据采集和参数设置,集中控制控制模块的断送电,集中管理电能脉冲,具有双串口,一个串口同网关通讯实现数据采集和远程通讯,一个串口同多功能电表模块通讯,两个通讯口是电隔离的,485通讯线路有严密的防雷措施,每个通讯线路均有PTC快速电流保护和TVS快速电压保护,必要时视现场环境在485通讯线路增加对大地放电的多级防雷模块。 [0014] CPU module is responsible for managing a single phase multi-function meter parameters and data acquisition, centralized power control module ruin, centralized management of power pulses having a dual serial ports, one serial port for data acquisition and communication with the remote gateway communication, a serial port with multi-function meter communication module, two communication ports are electrically isolated, 485 communication lines have strict lightning protection measures, each of the lines of communication are fast current protection PTC and TVS fast voltage protection, as the actual circumstances when necessary 485 line multistage increase of the earth discharge lightning protection module.

[0015] 本发明不仅能自动识别恶意负载,而且还具有有功电能计量,集识别和计量于一体,2-36个模块集中式安装,体积小便于安装,当仅需I个模块时为导轨式安装,并有省级技术监督局颁发的生产许可证。 [0015] The present invention not only automatically identify malicious payload, but also with active energy measurement, and measurement in one set identifier, 2-36 module centralized installation, small size and easy installation, when only the I-th module rail installation, and provincial and Technical Supervision issued a production license.

Claims (3)

1.恶意负载识别的电能计量装置,其特征在于它包含CPU管理模块、多功能计量模块和电源模块,CPU管理模块与多功能计量模块连接,电源模块给CPU管理模块和多功能计量模块供电。 1. The energy metering apparatus identified malicious payload, characterized in that it includes a CPU management module, multifunctional metering module and a power module, CPU management module connected with the multifunction metering module, power management module to the CPU module and the metering module multifunction power.
2.根据权利要求1所述的恶意负载识别的电能计量装置,其特征在于所述的CPU管理模块具有两个串口,一个串口同网关通讯实现数据采集和远程通讯,一个串口同多功能电表模块通讯,两个通讯口是电隔离的。 The energy metering apparatus according to identify malicious payload as claimed in claim 1, wherein said CPU management module has two serial ports, one serial port for data acquisition and communication with the remote gateway communication, port with a multi-function meter module communication, two communication ports are electrically isolated.
3.根据权利要求1所述的恶意负载识别的电能计量装置,其特征在于所述的多功能计量模块是一块没有直接显示的多功能电表,由CPU、计量单元、铁电存储器、485通讯、功率触发电路和双稳态大容量磁保持继电器组成。 The energy metering apparatus according to identify malicious payload as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said multifunctional module is a multifunction meter dosing is not directly a display, a CPU, a metering unit, a ferroelectric memory, 485, power bistable trigger circuit and large-capacity magnetic latching relays.
CN201410669871.2A 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 Electric energy metering device for malicious load recognition CN105116215A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410669871.2A CN105116215A (en) 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 Electric energy metering device for malicious load recognition

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410669871.2A CN105116215A (en) 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 Electric energy metering device for malicious load recognition

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105116215A true CN105116215A (en) 2015-12-02

Family

ID=54664251

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410669871.2A CN105116215A (en) 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 Electric energy metering device for malicious load recognition

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105116215A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2750323Y (en) * 2004-09-29 2006-01-04 姜宝林 Identification metering card
CN202076846U (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-12-14 南京工业大学 Electro-information management system with vicious load identifying function as well as multifunctional ammeter
CN202735383U (en) * 2012-08-09 2013-02-13 哈尔滨师范大学 Intelligent malignant load recognition and protection device capable of displaying load power
CN103180693A (en) * 2010-08-10 2013-06-26 胜赛斯美国公司 Electric utility meter comprising load identifying data processor
CN104515903A (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-04-15 合肥艾通自动化工程有限公司 Method for designing electric energy metering device with unsafe load identification function

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2750323Y (en) * 2004-09-29 2006-01-04 姜宝林 Identification metering card
CN103180693A (en) * 2010-08-10 2013-06-26 胜赛斯美国公司 Electric utility meter comprising load identifying data processor
CN202076846U (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-12-14 南京工业大学 Electro-information management system with vicious load identifying function as well as multifunctional ammeter
CN202735383U (en) * 2012-08-09 2013-02-13 哈尔滨师范大学 Intelligent malignant load recognition and protection device capable of displaying load power
CN104515903A (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-04-15 合肥艾通自动化工程有限公司 Method for designing electric energy metering device with unsafe load identification function

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
TWI520461B (en) Home electric appliance remote monitoring system
CN103607344B (en) Based plc intelligent home gateway device
US20140088780A1 (en) Automatic local electric management system
CN205485532U (en) Circuit intelligent management system
CN103972981B (en) Cloud-based intelligent monitoring system for low-voltage switchgear
CN204028657U (en) Household electricity utilization monitoring and control system
CN201732120U (en) Power consumption information collecting and monitoring system in base station
CN203312656U (en) An intelligent energy-saving-type outdoor switching station
CN103630784A (en) Online monitoring system for power distribution transformers
CN204086431U (en) Electricity utilization load management intelligent terminal
CN102193551B (en) Method for carrying out optimal management on intelligent household electricity tide based on Internet of things
CN203930426U (en) Energy efficiency monitoring-based integrated controller
CN202600422U (en) Monitoring system for safety utilization of electric power
CN104122474B (en) An intelligent distributed feeder automation logic test system
CN202998169U (en) Intelligent power source monitoring device
CN104283319A (en) Intelligent distribution transformer terminal
CN102435329A (en) Site intelligent online temperature measuring system of power equipment
CN202975282U (en) Real-time monitoring control system of storage battery equipment in direct current power supply system
CN204088777U (en) Household electricity-monitoring intelligent socket
CN204190090U (en) Wi-Fi intelligent energy-saving socket
CN104362636B (en) Measurement and control system based on micro-grid ip and multi-agent technology
CN204374392U (en) Distributed lithium ion storage battery set monitoring device realized through wireless network
CN204315965U (en) Solar power generation system power distribution box
CN103178542B (en) Control method of distributed power grid-connection interface system
CN104466736B (en) Household Intelligent power distribution apparatus having a plurality of protection functions

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01