CN105105797A - Puncture biopsy guide device - Google Patents

Puncture biopsy guide device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105105797A
CN105105797A CN 201510625579 CN201510625579A CN105105797A CN 105105797 A CN105105797 A CN 105105797A CN 201510625579 CN201510625579 CN 201510625579 CN 201510625579 A CN201510625579 A CN 201510625579A CN 105105797 A CN105105797 A CN 105105797A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
puncture
guide
guide device
patient
biopsy
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CN 201510625579
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈丹
黄健
杨树林
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成都漫程科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a puncture biopsy guide device. The puncture biopsy guide device comprises a guide device body (1) and a fixing device (4), a puncture biopsy needle installing hole (2) is formed in the guide device body (1), and the fixing device (4) is connected with the guide device (1). The puncture biopsy guide device has the advantages that a user can wear the guide device on the finger, guide the guide device to the point position needing puncture by means of touch sensation and penetrate a puncture biopsy needle through the guide device to perform puncture operation, the puncture biopsy needle can be prevented from scratching the user or a patient, and the guide device has the function of guiding the puncture biopsy needle, can prevent the needle point from damaging in-vivo tissue, which does not need puncture, of the patient when the puncture biopsy needle enters the body of the patient, is beneficial for determining the portion needing puncture and improving the accuracy of blind operation, and prevents the puncture biopsy needle from repeatedly getting in and out of the body of the patient when the same portion is punctured many times to effectively relieve the pain of the patient.

Description

一种穿刺活检引导器 A puncture biopsy guide

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及穿刺活检针的引导装置,特别是一种穿刺活检引导器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a biopsy needle guide device, in particular a biopsy guide.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着现代医学的发展,临床上需要穿刺活检的操作越来越多,有相当大部分穿刺活检操作,需要临床医生用手指引导穿刺针进行穿刺活检,如经直肠前列腺穿刺活检,这类的需要医生用手指引导的穿刺活检操作,存在着以下若干问题: [0002] With the development of modern medicine, biopsy needs of a growing number of clinical operations, a significant portion biopsy operation, you need to guide the clinician with a finger puncture needle biopsy, such as transrectal prostate biopsy, which class requires a doctor with the finger guide biopsy operation, there are the following several problems:

1、操作中穿刺针可能划破手套,甚至伤及医务工作者可能。 1, the operation may puncture needle pierced gloves, medical workers may even hurt.

[0003] 2、操作者无法安全、有效判断穿刺针和引导手指间的相对位置关系,尤其是在进行盲操作的时候。 [0003] 2, the operator can not safely, effectively and guide the puncture needle is determined relative positional relationship between the fingers, especially when performing a blind operation.

[0004] 3、盲操作中穿刺针指向性不好。 [0004] 3, a blind puncture needle operation directivity poor.

[0005] 4、在穿刺活检针进出患者腔道过程中,裸露的针尖极易伤及患者正常组织,如直肠、肛管粘膜。 [0005] 4, and out of the cavity in the patient during the biopsy needle, the needle tip exposed easily hurt patients with normal tissues, such as the rectum, anal mucosa.

[0006] 5、对于一些需要多点穿刺的组织,比如前列腺,穿刺针需要多次、反复进出患者肛管,操作中不仅加重患者不适感,而且创伤直肠、肛门概率大幅提高。 [0006] 5, for some organizations require multi-point puncture, such as prostate, needle many times as necessary in patients with anal canal and out repeatedly, the operation only increased patient discomfort and trauma rectum, anus probability greatly improved.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明的目的在于克服现有技术的缺点,提供一种结构简单、使用方便的穿刺活检引导器。 [0007] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, provide a simple, easy to use biopsy guide.

[0008] 本发明的目的通过以下技术方案来实现:一种穿刺活检引导器,包括引导器和固定装置,引导器内设有穿刺活检针安装孔,固定装置与引导器连接。 [0008] The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: A biopsy guide, and the fixing means comprises a guide, the guide is equipped with mounting holes biopsy needle, fixing the guide means is connected.

[0009] 所述的固定装置与引导器通过转轴连接。 [0009] The fixed guide means is connected via a shaft.

[0010] 所述的引导器的一端设有凸起。 One end of the guide is [0010] provided with projections.

[0011] 所述的引导器和固定装置为医用材料制造。 Guide according to [0011] and the fixing means for producing a medical material.

[0012] 所述的固定装置为环状。 [0012] The fixing means is annular.

[0013] 本发明具有以下优点: [0013] The present invention has the following advantages:

1.该引导器全套材料使用目前成熟医用材料制造,使得该引导器表面光滑,可实现一次性或重复性使用,并且可以避免感染; 1. The guide is full of medical materials using the current sophisticated manufacturing materials, a smooth surface such that the guide can be realized once or repetitive use, and to avoid infection;

2.引导器通过固定装置固定于手指上,以转轴为中心,可做一定范围的角度变化,以适合不同的穿刺角度需求; 2. The fixed guide means is fixed to the fingers, the rotary shaft as the center, can do a range of angle change, the puncture angle to suit different needs;

3.引导器可供不同粗细的穿刺针通过,满足不同组织、器官的穿刺需要,穿刺活检过程中,每完成一个点的穿刺活检后,只需从引导装置中退出穿刺活检针,而引导手和穿刺引导器可以停留于患者体内,确定好下一个穿刺点后,穿刺针再次从引导管进入,避免了传统的穿刺活检操作,反复进出患者直肠,提高了穿刺活检的效率,明显降低了穿刺活检中副损伤的发生,有效降低了患者不适感; 3. the introducer needle is available through different thickness to meet different tissues, organs need to puncture, during biopsy, a biopsy of each completion point, the only exit from the guide means biopsy needle is guided hand and after the puncture guide may stay in the body of the patient, to determine a good next puncture, the puncture needle again from the guide tube into, avoid the traditional biopsy operation, repeated access to the patient rectally, improve the efficiency of needle biopsy, decreased puncture Vice biopsy damage occurs, effectively reducing patient discomfort;

4.引导器前端有可供触觉感知的凸起,便于操作者在盲操作情况下,通过触碰凸起确定穿刺点,建立起穿刺操作通道,提高穿刺的准确度; 4. The front end has a guide protrusion for touch sensing, to facilitate an operator in the case of blind operation, the puncture site is determined by touching the protrusions puncturing channel established, improve the accuracy of the puncture;

5.固定装置可以防止穿刺引导器意外脱落于患者体内; The fixing means can be prevented from accidentally falling off the puncture guide in the patient;

6.使穿刺活检针装入引导器内在进行穿刺活检,能有效的保护操作者和患者被划伤,避免了意外损伤,防止院内感染。 6. The biopsy needle so that the inner guide mount for biopsy, can effectively protect the operator and the patient is scratched, to avoid accidental injury, to prevent nosocomial infections.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1为一种穿刺活检引导器的结构示意图; [0014] FIG. 1 as a biopsy guide structure diagram;

图中,1-引导器,2-穿刺活检针安装孔,3-转轴,4-固定装置,5-凸起。 FIG, 1 introducer, biopsy needle mounting holes 2-, 3- shaft, 4- fixing means, 5- projections.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 下面结合附图对本发明做进一步的描述,本发明的保护范围不局限于以下所述: 如图1所示,一种穿刺活检引导器,包括引导器I和固定装置4,引导器I内设有穿刺活检针安装孔2,用以使穿刺活检针穿过,固定装置4与引导器I连接。 [0015] DRAWINGS further description of the invention, the scope of the present invention is not limited to the below: As shown in FIG A biopsy guide comprising guide means 4 and the fixing I, a guide I biopsy needle equipped with the mounting hole 2, to a biopsy needle through the puncture, and the fixing means 4 connected to the guide I.

[0016] 本实施例中,所述的固定装置4与引导器I通过转轴3连接,以此可以在该引导器佩戴在使用者手指上之后,使引导器I可以做一定角度的摆动,以适应不同的穿刺角度需求。 [0016] In this embodiment, the fixing means 4 and the guide shaft 3 is connected through I, this can be worn on the user's finger after the guide at an angle I can do the swing guide to puncture angle accommodate different needs.

[0017] 本实施例中,所述的引导器I的一端设有凸起5,以此可以便于操作者在盲操作情况下,通过触碰凸起确定穿刺点,建立起穿刺操作通道,提高穿刺的准确度。 [0017] In this embodiment, one end of said guide protrusion is provided with I 5, this may facilitate an operator in a blind operation, the projection is determined by touching the puncture point, the puncturing operation established channels, improve the accuracy of the puncture.

[0018] 本实施例中,所述的引导器I和固定装置4为医用材料制造,如ABS、TPU、PVC等,使用医用材料可以防止感染,并且医用材料制作出的引导器I和固定装置4表面光滑,可以减小摩擦,避免引起患者不适。 [0018] In this embodiment, the guide means 4 and the fixing I a medical material, such as ABS, TPU, PVC, etc., can be used to prevent infection of medical materials, medical materials and out of the guide and the fixing device I 4 smooth surface, friction can be reduced, to avoid patient discomfort.

[0019] 本实施例中,所述的固定装置4为环状,通过固定装置可以使该引导器佩戴在使用者手指上,并且可以防止该引导器遗落在患者体内。 [0019] In this embodiment, the fixing means for the ring 4 can be made by fixing the guide means worn on the user finger, and to prevent the guide is left behind in the patient.

[0020] 本发明的工作过程如下:医务人员将该引导器通过固定装置4佩戴在手指上,凸起5靠近佩戴的手指端部,医务人员将手指携带引导器I伸入患者体内,由于医务人员的手指能够触摸到凸起5,因此可以方便的确定穿刺点,再将穿刺活检针穿过穿刺活检针安装孔2以进入患者体内,以此可以防止在穿刺的过程中,穿刺活检针划伤患者或医务人员,穿刺活检完成之后取出穿刺活检针,引导器I和医务人员的手指留在患者体内寻找下一个穿刺点,再将另外的穿刺活检针穿过引导器I进行穿刺活检,可以避免医务人员的手指反复进出患者体内,造成患者不适。 [0020] The operation of the present invention is as follows: The medical staff guide 4 by a fixing means worn on a finger, the convex portion 5 near the end of the finger worn, medical personnel will carry the guide finger extends into the body of a patient I, since the medical person can touch the finger projections 5, and therefore can easily determine the puncture point, then the biopsy needle through the biopsy needle to the mounting hole 2 into the patient, this can be prevented during the puncture, the biopsy needle stroke trauma patients or doctors, taken after completion of biopsy needle biopsy, the finger guide I and medical personnel remain in the patient looking for the next puncture site, and then another pass through the biopsy needle guide for biopsy I can avoid finger repeatedly in and out of the medical staff of the patient's body, causing discomfort to the patient.

Claims (5)

  1. 1.一种穿刺活检引导器,其特征在于:包括引导器(I)和固定装置(4),引导器(I)内设有穿刺活检针安装孔(2),固定装置(4)与引导器(I)连接。 A biopsy guide, characterized by: a guide (I) and fixing means (4), the guide (I) features a biopsy needle mounting hole (2), (4) fixing the guide means unit (I) is connected.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种穿刺活检引导器,其特征在于:所述的固定装置(4)与引导器(I)通过转轴(3)连接。 2. A puncture biopsy guide according to claim 1, wherein: said fixing means (4) and the guide (I) is connected through a rotating shaft (3).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种穿刺活检引导器,其特征在于:所述的引导器(I)的一端设有凸起(5)。 3. A puncture biopsy guide as claimed in claim claim 1, wherein: one end of said guide (I) is provided with a projection (5).
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种穿刺活检引导器,其特征在于:所述的引导器(I)和固定装置(4)为医用材料制造。 4. A puncture biopsy guide according to claim 1, characterized in that: the guide (I) and the fixing means (4) for producing a medical material.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的一种穿刺活检引导器,其特征在于:所述的固定装置(4)为环状。 5. A puncture biopsy guide as claimed in claim claim 1, wherein: fixing means (4) is annular.
CN 201510625579 2015-09-28 2015-09-28 Puncture biopsy guide device CN105105797A (en)

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Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4356828A (en) * 1980-03-03 1982-11-02 Khosrow Jamshidi Bone marrow aspiration needle
CN2174960Y (en) * 1993-06-22 1994-08-24 山东省菏泽地区人民医院 Bone sampling needle driven by electricity and man power
CN1444465A (en) * 2000-05-30 2003-09-24 杰尼康公司 Trocar with sheath, cannula body with handle, detachable end housing and flexible valve system trocar system and associated methods
CN2740147Y (en) * 2004-10-11 2005-11-16 刘国超 CT inserting puncturing positioner
US20100185161A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2010-07-22 Relievant Medsystems, Inc. Systems and methods for navigating an instrument through bone
CN203234764U (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-10-16 常州同创医疗器械科技有限公司 Disposable biopsy forceps with reset mechanism
CN203815504U (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-09-10 青岛市市立医院 Liver biopsy needle
CN203861268U (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-10-08 路东明 Human issue biopsy puncture positioning and guiding trocar
CN204033487U (en) * 2014-05-10 2014-12-24 南阳医学高等专科学校第一附属医院 CT puncture guiding position indicator
CN104523324A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 李昭中 Intervertebral disc puncturing table performing accurate puncturing
CN104799910A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-29 马学晓 Trans-zygapophyseal and costotransverse joint approach circumspinal decompression method and bone knife for surgery
CN204542217U (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-08-12 南京明基医院有限公司 Device for puncture guide
CN204971370U (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-20 成都漫程科技有限公司 Aspiration biopsy bullnose

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4356828A (en) * 1980-03-03 1982-11-02 Khosrow Jamshidi Bone marrow aspiration needle
CN2174960Y (en) * 1993-06-22 1994-08-24 山东省菏泽地区人民医院 Bone sampling needle driven by electricity and man power
CN1444465A (en) * 2000-05-30 2003-09-24 杰尼康公司 Trocar with sheath, cannula body with handle, detachable end housing and flexible valve system trocar system and associated methods
US20100185161A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2010-07-22 Relievant Medsystems, Inc. Systems and methods for navigating an instrument through bone
CN2740147Y (en) * 2004-10-11 2005-11-16 刘国超 CT inserting puncturing positioner
CN203234764U (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-10-16 常州同创医疗器械科技有限公司 Disposable biopsy forceps with reset mechanism
CN203861268U (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-10-08 路东明 Human issue biopsy puncture positioning and guiding trocar
CN203815504U (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-09-10 青岛市市立医院 Liver biopsy needle
CN204033487U (en) * 2014-05-10 2014-12-24 南阳医学高等专科学校第一附属医院 CT puncture guiding position indicator
CN104523324A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 李昭中 Intervertebral disc puncturing table performing accurate puncturing
CN204542217U (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-08-12 南京明基医院有限公司 Device for puncture guide
CN104799910A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-29 马学晓 Trans-zygapophyseal and costotransverse joint approach circumspinal decompression method and bone knife for surgery
CN204971370U (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-20 成都漫程科技有限公司 Aspiration biopsy bullnose

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