CN105104299B - Ecological sheep raising method - Google Patents

Ecological sheep raising method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105104299B
CN105104299B CN201510534217.5A CN201510534217A CN105104299B CN 105104299 B CN105104299 B CN 105104299B CN 201510534217 A CN201510534217 A CN 201510534217A CN 105104299 B CN105104299 B CN 105104299B
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hopper
herbage
seedling
support bar
pieces
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CN201510534217.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105104299A (en
Inventor
邓建豪
黄素梅
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邓建豪
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K5/00Feeding devices for stock or game ; Feeding wagons; Feeding stacks
    • A01K5/01Feed troughs; Feed pails
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K7/00Watering equipment for stock or game

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ecological sheep raising methods, including:A, site preparation and basal dressing;B, the selection and processing of kind;C, it plants:It is planted 3 Mays;D, field management:A, it looks into seedling to fill the gaps with seedlings, after planting 15 20 days, looks into seedling in time and fill the gaps with seedlings;B, top dressing after tillage and weeding, when 30 40cm of height of seedling, carry out tillage and weeding, and per hectare applies urea 225kg, calcium magnesium phosphate 180kg and potassium chloride 75kg;C, water is applied in water management when arid, rainy day draining, it is 70 80% to keep water capacity;D, insect pest preventing and controlling.The present invention uses novel crib in feeding process, can save herbage, prevent from overgrazing after supply falls short of demand and making soil erosion, the present invention is conducive to the growth of sheep and the protection of environment by rationally planting and cradling herbage.

Description

Ecological sheep raising method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of sheep raising method more particularly to a kind of ecological sheep raising methods.

Background technology

Stony desertification has become China karst area ecological problem the most serious.For a long time, since the density of population is big, Regional economy is poor, and masses' ecological awareness is thin, crosses and cultivates, crosses the reasons such as firewood, overgrazing and unreasonable development & construction, causes serious Stony desertification, Karst Desertification with causing regional people aggravation of contradictions, ecosystem structure element lose, dysfunction, table Be now the deterioration of the ecological environment, natural calamity takes place frequently, species are endangered etc., seriously constrain economy and social sustainable development.

Fusui County is typical karst area, currently, the trend that stony desertification also constantly extends, is controlled so accelerating stony desertification Paces are managed, contain as early as possible and reverse stony desertification extension trend as the county when the very arduous and urgent strategic task of previous item. Since Herbivores are efficient, save with solid soil, characteristic and cattle and sheep quick and that effectively improve vegetation coverage etc. is retained for herbage Can, health, the productive prospecting stablized, so ecological sheep husbandry becomes the excellent of Rocky Desertification Region economic development and industry restructuring Gesture industry shows vast potential for future development.

Currently, during sheep raising there is excessively cradle herbage, herbage lacks herbage in reasonable management and feeding process Waste the problems such as serious.

Invention content

It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of methods of ecological sheep raising to be prevented by rationally planting and cradling herbage It overgrazes and causes soil erosion, sufficient feed can be also provided to sheep.

The present invention's a further object is that a kind of crib of offer is placed in the first hopper and herded according to the physiological property of sheep Grass is edible for lamb, and herbage is placed in the second hopper and is eaten for llama, places water in the sink and is used in conjunction with, by rational Distribution, can prevent sheep rob food during stepped on wound, make sheep on the feed when do not have to be crowded together because being up-down structure, saving Space.

Technical solution provided by the invention is:

A kind of ecology sheep raising method, including:

A, site preparation and basal dressing:Strip tillage is carried out, it is 50cm that zone face, which starts line-spacing, and per hectare applies N P and K in the line It is light to harrow table soil after composite fertilizer 750kg, make soil, fertilizer mixing;

B, the selection and processing of kind:It chooses Gui Mu No.1 and hybridizes napier grass as seedling, tear off and wrap up armpit in the seedling stem of seedling The blade of bud tiltedly cuts seedling stem with knife in 45 °, obtains 2-3 and saves one section, every section of kind section containing 1-2 axillary bud, in kind of an incision for section The limewash immersion 30min for being stained with plant ash or being 20% with mass fraction;

C, it plants:It is planted in 3-5 months, is that 15cm digs plantation hole by spacing in the rows, kind of a section is lain against in plantation hole, it The backfill for covering 2-3cm afterwards, after so that backfill is higher by plantation hole 1-2cm, reality is gently jammed on foot;

D, field management:

A, it looks into seedling to fill the gaps with seedlings, after planting 15-20 days, looks into seedling in time and fill the gaps with seedlings;

B, top dressing after tillage and weeding, when height of seedling 30-40cm, carry out tillage and weeding, and per hectare applies urea 225kg, calcium and magnesium phosphorus Fertile 180kg and potassium chloride 75kg;

C, water management, applies water, rainy day draining when arid, holding water capacity is 70-80%;

D, insect pest preventing and controlling, after anthracnose occurs, the 200-240 times of liquid of carbendazim or Bordeaux mixture for being 5% with mass fraction, It is primary every spray in 7-10 days, continuous spray 2 times;After powdery mildew occurs, sprays 1000-1500 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 25% enemy kills 2000-3000 times of liquid of dead missible oil.

Preferably, in the ecological sheep raising method, further include:

E, it cradles, 50-60 days after plantation, starts to cradle in height of seedling 80-100cm, cradled every 45-60 days once, often Year cradles 5-7 times, and it is 2-3cm to cradle the height for the stubble left for the first time, cradles the height for the stubble left later and increases 1- on the basis of previous 2cm cradles rear herbage not yet Feng Hangqian and carries out tillage and weeding, the herbage after cradling every time is cut into after 2-4cm and is put into food every time In slot;

F, rear top dressing is cradled, after cradling 3-5 days, per hectare imposes the urea of 225kg, removes weeds, and water drenching;

G, it ensiling or hays, in the 6-8 months, ensilage or hay is made in herbage, the feed as late winter or early spring;

H, it reserves seed for planting, the herbage reserved seed for planting no longer cradles after cradling 2-3 times, and last time cradles latter 3-5 days, per hectare Calcium and magnesium phosphorus composite fertilizer 750kg is applied, when herbage reaches 120cm or more, is preserved after gathering in herbage lower blade;

Wherein, the crib includes:

First hopper is the cuboid of inner hollow, and the top of first hopper is opened wide, in first hopper Two pieces of partition boards are arranged at intervals with, two pieces of partition boards are cuboid, and two pieces of partition boards are arranged in parallel, two pieces of partition boards Side and the inner wall of first hopper are separated by a distance;It is edible for lamb that herbage is placed in first hopper;

Sink is cuboid, and the sink is arranged between two pieces of partition boards;

Second hopper is the semicolumn bodily form of inner hollow, and second hopper is horizontally disposed, and arc surface Downward, second hopper is located at the surface of the sink, and second hopper is provided at both ends with and two pieces of partition boards Two pieces of opposite top plates, two pieces of top plates are an integral molding structure with second hopper, the opposite top plate with it is described Two support columns are arranged at intervals between partition board;It is edible for llama that herbage is placed in second hopper.

Preferably, in the ecological sheep raising method, first opposite with the support column is provided on the partition board Groove, the support column are inserted into first groove.

Preferably, it in the ecological sheep raising method, is respectively arranged at four angles of the bottom of first hopper Four telescopic rods.

Preferably, in the ecological sheep raising method, the telescopic rod includes:

First support bar is the cylindrical of inner hollow, first described in the inner wall upper edge of the first support bar The axial direction of strut is provided with the first protrusion, and one end of the first support bar is connect with the bottom of first hopper;

Second support bar is cylindrical, the internal diameter phase of the outer diameter of the second support bar and the first support bar Deng, in the second support bar insertion first support bar, second support bar described in the outer wall upper edge of the second support bar Axial direction be provided with multiple second grooves, second groove is arranged so that the first support bar axially moves When, first protrusion can move in second groove, and separated by a distance between two adjacent second grooves And length is different.

Preferably, in the ecological sheep raising method, the length of the sink is less than or equal to second hopper Length, the width of the sink are less than or equal to the diameter of second hopper.

Preferably, in the ecological sheep raising method, the height of the sink is higher than the height of the partition board.

Preferably, in the ecological sheep raising method, the side of first hopper of two pieces of partition boards corresponding thereto Face is parallel.The present invention includes at least following advantageous effect:

The present invention uses novel crib in feeding process, can save herbage, prevent by rationally planting and cradling herbage It is overgrazed after supply falls short of demand and makes soil erosion, the present invention is conducive to the growth of sheep and the protection of environment.

For the present invention according to the physiological property of sheep, placement herbage is edible for lamb in the first hopper, is put in the second hopper It is edible for llama to set herbage, places water in the sink and is used in conjunction with, by reasonably distributing, sheep quilt during robbing food can be prevented Step on wound, make sheep on the feed when do not have to be crowded together because being up-down structure, saved space.

Part is illustrated to embody by further advantage, target and the feature of the present invention by following, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of crib of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of first support bar of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of second support bar of the present invention.

Specific implementation mode

The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, to enable those skilled in the art's reference Specification word can be implemented according to this.

It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or more The presence or addition of a other elements or combinations thereof.

Embodiment 1

(1), planting site and variety selection

Low in exposed bedrock rate, edaphic condition is good, the Stone Mountain lower part that slope surface mitigates waste mountain waste suitable for afforestation, without standing tree forest land, Steep-sloping land etc., it is artificial growth kind to select Gui Mu No.1 hybridization napier grass, and selected kind has few disease, high yield and high quality, quality It is soft, palatability is good, utilization rate is high, feeding effect is good and plantation once can continuously using for many years the characteristics of.

(2), planting technique

(1) implantation time:Whole year can plant, and be best with plantation in March.At this moment frost season incited somebody to action, weather is planted by warming Seed bud is not easy freezing after plant, and is germinateed quickly.

(2) site preparation and fertilization:By the way of locally clearing up, the miscellaneous filling near plantation point is removed, strip tillage is generally used, It rakes the soil level in the deep ploughing of bar-shape along hillside horizontal direction, formation is step-like, and retains between site preparation band and be not less than 1m Wide sward band.Strip tillage must be carried out along equal highland, and zone face starts line-spacing 50cm, holds gutter successfully while starting, Facilitate Late Irrigation, draining.

It is combined when site preparation and applies base manure, apply composite fertilizer 750kg/h m2.Base manure can be equably sown in the row held successfully Interior, rear light rake table is native, makes soil, fertilizer mixing, avoids seedling stem from being in direct contact with fertilizer and causes the application of burn seedlings, reduction top dressing.

(3) seedling stem is handled

The blade for first tearing seedling stem package axillary bud off is chopped to one section of 2 section, i.e., every section contains effective axillary bud 1, the chopper edge of a knife Profit is wanted, about 45 ° are tiltedly cut, smooth as possible, reduce damage.Be conducive to the conveying of seedling stem nutrition, short, lower part is stayed on every section of seedling stem eye top Length is stayed, be then stained with plant ash in incision or is impregnated 30 minutes with 20% limewash, corrosion-proof and sterilization processing is carried out.To improve Survival rate, can use ABT root-inducing powders 100ppm leachings item 20 hours, and the kind section that the same day is cut into just is sowed in time, to prevent loss of water.

(4) type of seeding

Line-spacing 50cm is pressed after site preparation and fertilization, seedling stem is lain against and started in ditch by spacing in the rows 15cm, covers thin soil about 2cm, dew top 1cm, then gently jam on reality with foot.Per hectare sowing quantity is 1500kg or so.

(3), field management

(1) seedling is looked into fill the gaps with seedlings

After planting 15 days neat seedlings, seedling looked into time and filled the gaps with seedlings, to the place for the scarce root and stem of certain plants of being short of seedling, carry out transplanting in time and fill the gaps with seedlings, it is ensured that Basic Seedling quantity per acre.

(2) tillage and weeding

Tillage and weeding is just carried out in height of seedling 30cm, optional fine day or cloudy day carry out weeding and loosen the soil, and per hectare applies 225kg urine Element, calcium magnesium phosphate 180kg, potassium chloride 75kg can take the circumstances into consideration Shaoshi or not apply to using sufficient the plot of base manure.It cradles every time later Plant not yet Feng Hangqian will carry out tillage and weeding afterwards, in order to avoid weeds and plant rob water and rob fertilizer and rob light, cause liquid manure and light resource Waste.

(3) water management

Herbage is drought-enduring, intolerant to waterlogging, and when field capacity is 70%, herbage growth is most appropriate.Soil moisture is obviously not It to be irrigated in time when sufficient, encounter continuous several days heavy rain, then to carry out corresponding water drainage measure.Being irrigated after herbage cradles every time can Promotion send out again, cradle herbage want and pour water, top dressing organically combine.

(4) rear top dressing is cradled

The field of base manure abundance before sowing, cradling rear top dressing Shaoshi or can not apply.Most herbages should chase after for 3 days after cradling It applies, cradles top dressing several times several times, based on nitrogenous fertilizer (urea, ammonium bicarbonate, sulphur ammonium, taboo apply nitrate nitrogen), can also apply appropriate organic fertilizer. General to impose urea, each dosage is 225kg/h m2.It can be removed when fertilising and apply, row replacement, spread manuer in holes or foliage-spray, tied after top dressing Close removal of impurities water drenching.

(5) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control

The pest and disease damage that herbage occurs has anthracnose, powdery mildew, cutworm, aphid and mythimna separata (borer).Control method:Add Strong field management keeps ambient air stream, reduces ambient humidity, seedling stage watering is preferably deep and thorough, should not be excessively diligent, while avoiding tonight Watering.After the onset, prevention anthracnose can be sprayed with the Lou of bacterium more than 5% or Bordeaux mixture, even sprinkling 2 times every 7 days;Powdery mildew is prevented to use 50% 1000 times of carbendazim wettable powder liquid kills 2000-3000 times of liquid prevention of missible oil with 25% enemy.Pay attention to plant spraying pesticide In 15 days, forbid harvesting raising livestock and poultry.

(4), pasture utilization main points

(1) green feeding is cradled

50 days after plantation, utilization can be cradled in natural plant height 80cm, can be cradled within 1 year 5 times, height for the stubble left 2cm is cradled When must be noted that not use the cutter that gets rusty to gather in.When often cradling one time after cradling for the first time, the height for the stubble left is in a preceding base It is incremented by 1cm on plinth, can be cradled every 45 days using primary.Rear green grass will be cradled to be prescinded with chaffcutter or chopper, length 2cm, Then it directly feeds.

(2) it ensiling or hays

Forage yield is high, high yield characteristic is good, can be temporarily exhaustless by it in rich careless season in June to reinforce utilizing it Herbage chopping, which is sealed in silage silo, makes ensilage, makees the late winter, the forage grass in early spring feeds livestock and poultry.It is also adjustable that hay is made is standby With.

(3) it reserves seed for planting

The herbage given over to kind just should no longer gather in harvesting 2 batches (7-8 months), and per hectare imposes calcium phosphate fertilizer 750kg, The accumulation that seedling will have time enough to carry out nutriment in this way.When plant grows to plant height 120cm or more, utilization can be gathered in Its underpart blade, make herbage give over to seedling stem plant stalk is sturdy, no disease and pests harm, after stalk jointing aging is solid, Yu Dashuan Before cut down, bundling preserve.

Embodiment 2

(1), planting site and variety selection

Low in exposed bedrock rate, edaphic condition is good, the Stone Mountain lower part that slope surface mitigates waste mountain waste suitable for afforestation, without standing tree forest land, Steep-sloping land etc., it is artificial growth kind to select Gui Mu No.1 hybridization napier grass, and selected kind has few disease, high yield and high quality, quality It is soft, palatability is good, utilization rate is high, feeding effect is good and plantation once can continuously using for many years the characteristics of.

(2), planting technique

(1) implantation time:Whole year can plant, and be best with plantation in May.At this moment frost season incited somebody to action, weather is planted by warming Seed bud is not easy freezing after plant, and is germinateed quickly.

(2) site preparation and fertilization:By the way of locally clearing up, the miscellaneous filling near plantation point is removed, strip tillage is generally used, It rakes the soil level in the deep ploughing of bar-shape along hillside horizontal direction, formation is step-like, and retains between site preparation band and be not less than 1m Wide sward band.Strip tillage must be carried out along equal highland, and zone face starts line-spacing 50cm, holds gutter successfully while starting, Facilitate Late Irrigation, draining.

It is combined when site preparation and applies base manure, apply composite fertilizer 750kg/h m2.Base manure can be equably sown in the row held successfully Interior, rear light rake table is native, makes soil, fertilizer mixing, avoids seedling stem from being in direct contact with fertilizer and causes the application of burn seedlings, reduction top dressing.

(3) seedling stem is handled

The blade for first tearing seedling stem package axillary bud off is chopped to one section of 3 section, i.e., every section contains effective axillary bud 2, the chopper edge of a knife Profit is wanted, about 45 ° are tiltedly cut, smooth as possible, reduce damage.Be conducive to the conveying of seedling stem nutrition, short, lower part is stayed on every section of seedling stem eye top Length is stayed, be then stained with plant ash in incision or is impregnated 30 minutes with 20% limewash, corrosion-proof and sterilization processing is carried out.To improve Survival rate, can use ABT root-inducing powders 100ppm leachings item 28 hours, and the kind section that the same day is cut into just is sowed in time, to prevent loss of water.

(4) type of seeding

Line-spacing 50cm is pressed after site preparation and fertilization, seedling stem is lain against and started in ditch by spacing in the rows 15cm, covers thin soil about 3cm, dew top 2cm, then gently jam on reality with foot.Per hectare sowing quantity is 1500kg or so.

(3), field management

(1) seedling is looked into fill the gaps with seedlings

After planting 20 days neat seedlings, seedling looked into time and filled the gaps with seedlings, to the place for the scarce root and stem of certain plants of being short of seedling, carry out transplanting in time and fill the gaps with seedlings, it is ensured that Basic Seedling quantity per acre.

(2) tillage and weeding

Tillage and weeding is just carried out in height of seedling 40cm, optional fine day or cloudy day carry out weeding and loosen the soil, and per hectare applies 225kg urine Element, calcium magnesium phosphate 180kg, potassium chloride 75kg can take the circumstances into consideration Shaoshi or not apply to using sufficient the plot of base manure.It cradles every time later Plant not yet Feng Hangqian will carry out tillage and weeding afterwards, in order to avoid weeds and plant rob water and rob fertilizer and rob light, cause liquid manure and light resource Waste.

(3) water management

Herbage is drought-enduring, intolerant to waterlogging, and when field capacity is 80%, herbage growth is most appropriate.Soil moisture is obviously not It to be irrigated in time when sufficient, encounter continuous several days heavy rain, then to carry out corresponding water drainage measure.Being irrigated after herbage cradles every time can Promotion send out again, cradle herbage want and pour water, top dressing organically combine.

(4) rear top dressing is cradled

The field of base manure abundance before sowing, cradling rear top dressing Shaoshi or can not apply.Most herbages should chase after for 5 days after cradling It applies, cradles top dressing several times several times, based on nitrogenous fertilizer (urea, ammonium bicarbonate, sulphur ammonium, taboo apply nitrate nitrogen), can also apply appropriate organic fertilizer. General to impose urea, each dosage is 225kg/h m2.It can be removed when fertilising and apply, row replacement, spread manuer in holes or foliage-spray, tied after top dressing Close removal of impurities water drenching.

(5) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control

The pest and disease damage that herbage occurs has anthracnose, powdery mildew, cutworm, aphid and mythimna separata (borer).Control method:Add Strong field management keeps ambient air stream, reduces ambient humidity, seedling stage watering is preferably deep and thorough, should not be excessively diligent, while avoiding tonight Watering.After the onset, prevention anthracnose can be sprayed with the Lou of bacterium more than 5% or Bordeaux mixture, even sprinkling 2 times every 10 days;Prevent powdery mildew 3000 times of liquid preventions of missible oil are killed with 50% carbendazim wettable powder, 1500 times of liquid or with 25% enemy.Pay attention to plant spraying pesticide 15 days It is interior, forbid harvesting raising livestock and poultry.

(4), pasture utilization main points

(1) green feeding is cradled

60 days after plantation, utilization can be cradled in natural plant height 100cm, can be cradled within 1 year 7 times, height for the stubble left 3cm is cradled When must be noted that not use the cutter that gets rusty to gather in.When often cradling one time after cradling for the first time, the height for the stubble left is in a preceding base It is incremented by 2cm on plinth, can be cradled every 60 days using primary.Rear green grass will be cradled to be prescinded with chaffcutter or chopper, length 4cm, Then it directly feeds.

(2) it ensiling or hays

Forage yield is high, high yield characteristic is good, can be temporarily exhaustless by it in August rich careless season to reinforce utilizing it Herbage chopping, which is sealed in silage silo, makes ensilage, makees the late winter, the forage grass in early spring feeds livestock and poultry.It is also adjustable that hay is made is standby With.

(3) it reserves seed for planting

The herbage given over to kind just should no longer gather in harvesting 3 batches (7-8 months), and per hectare imposes calcium phosphate fertilizer 750kg, The accumulation that seedling will have time enough to carry out nutriment in this way.When plant grows to plant height 120cm or more, utilization can be gathered in Its underpart blade, make herbage give over to seedling stem plant stalk is sturdy, no disease and pests harm, after stalk jointing aging is solid, Yu Dashuan Before cut down, bundling preserve.

Embodiment 3

(1), planting site and variety selection

Low in exposed bedrock rate, edaphic condition is good, the Stone Mountain lower part that slope surface mitigates waste mountain waste suitable for afforestation, without standing tree forest land, Steep-sloping land etc., it is artificial growth kind to select Gui Mu No.1 hybridization napier grass, and selected kind has few disease, high yield and high quality, quality It is soft, palatability is good, utilization rate is high, feeding effect is good and plantation once can continuously using for many years the characteristics of.

(2), planting technique

(1) implantation time:Whole year can plant, and be best with plantation in April.At this moment frost season incited somebody to action, weather is planted by warming Seed bud is not easy freezing after plant, and is germinateed quickly.

(2) site preparation and fertilization:By the way of locally clearing up, the miscellaneous filling near plantation point is removed, strip tillage is generally used, It rakes the soil level in the deep ploughing of bar-shape along hillside horizontal direction, formation is step-like, and retains between site preparation band and be not less than 1m Wide sward band.Strip tillage must be carried out along equal highland, and zone face starts line-spacing 50cm, holds gutter successfully while starting, Facilitate Late Irrigation, draining.

It is combined when site preparation and applies base manure, apply composite fertilizer 750kg/h m2.Base manure can be equably sown in the row held successfully Interior, rear light rake table is native, makes soil, fertilizer mixing, avoids seedling stem from being in direct contact with fertilizer and causes the application of burn seedlings, reduction top dressing.

(3) seedling stem is handled

The blade for first tearing seedling stem package axillary bud off is chopped to one section of 2 section, i.e., every section contains effective axillary bud 2, the chopper edge of a knife Profit is wanted, about 45 ° are tiltedly cut, smooth as possible, reduce damage.Be conducive to the conveying of seedling stem nutrition, short, lower part is stayed on every section of seedling stem eye top Length is stayed, be then stained with plant ash in incision or is impregnated 30 minutes with 20% limewash, corrosion-proof and sterilization processing is carried out.To improve Survival rate, can use ABT root-inducing powders 100ppm leachings item 24 hours, and the kind section that the same day is cut into just is sowed in time, to prevent loss of water.

(4) type of seeding

Line-spacing 50cm is pressed after site preparation and fertilization, seedling stem is lain against and started in ditch by spacing in the rows 15cm, covers thin soil about 3cm, dew top 2cm, then gently jam on reality with foot.Per hectare sowing quantity is 1500kg or so.

(3), field management

(1) seedling is looked into fill the gaps with seedlings

After planting 17 days neat seedlings, seedling looked into time and filled the gaps with seedlings, to the place for the scarce root and stem of certain plants of being short of seedling, carry out transplanting in time and fill the gaps with seedlings, it is ensured that Basic Seedling quantity per acre.

(2) tillage and weeding

Tillage and weeding is just carried out in height of seedling 35cm, optional fine day or cloudy day carry out weeding and loosen the soil, and per hectare applies 225kg urine Element, calcium magnesium phosphate 180kg, potassium chloride 75kg can take the circumstances into consideration Shaoshi or not apply to using sufficient the plot of base manure.It cradles every time later Plant not yet Feng Hangqian will carry out tillage and weeding afterwards, in order to avoid weeds and plant rob water and rob fertilizer and rob light, cause liquid manure and light resource Waste.

(3) water management

Herbage is drought-enduring, intolerant to waterlogging, and when field capacity is 75%, herbage growth is most appropriate.Soil moisture is obviously not It to be irrigated in time when sufficient, encounter continuous several days heavy rain, then to carry out corresponding water drainage measure.Being irrigated after herbage cradles every time can Promotion send out again, cradle herbage want and pour water, top dressing organically combine.

(4) rear top dressing is cradled

The field of base manure abundance before sowing, cradling rear top dressing Shaoshi or can not apply.Most herbages should chase after for 4 days after cradling It applies, cradles top dressing several times several times, based on nitrogenous fertilizer (urea, ammonium bicarbonate, sulphur ammonium, taboo apply nitrate nitrogen), can also apply appropriate organic fertilizer. General to impose urea, each dosage is 225kg/h m2.It can be removed when fertilising and apply, row replacement, spread manuer in holes or foliage-spray, tied after top dressing Close removal of impurities water drenching.

(5) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control

The pest and disease damage that herbage occurs has anthracnose, powdery mildew, cutworm, aphid and mythimna separata (borer).Control method:Add Strong field management keeps ambient air stream, reduces ambient humidity, seedling stage watering is preferably deep and thorough, should not be excessively diligent, while avoiding tonight Watering.After the onset, prevention anthracnose can be sprayed with the Lou of bacterium more than 5% or Bordeaux mixture, even sprinkling 2 times every 8 days;Powdery mildew is prevented to use 50% 1200 times of carbendazim wettable powder liquid kills 2500 times of liquid preventions of missible oil with 25% enemy.Pay attention to plant spraying pesticide 15 days It is interior, forbid harvesting raising livestock and poultry.

(4), pasture utilization main points

(1) green feeding is cradled

55 days after plantation, utilization can be cradled in natural plant height 80-100cm, can be cradled within 1 year 6 times, height for the stubble left 3cm, It must be noted that not gathered in the cutter to get rusty when cradling.When often cradling one time after cradling for the first time, the height for the stubble left is previous It is incremented by 2cm on the basis of secondary, can be cradled every 47 days using primary.Rear green grass will be cradled to be prescinded with chaffcutter or chopper, length is Then 3cm is directly fed.

(2) it ensiling or hays

Forage yield is high, high yield characteristic is good, can be temporarily exhaustless by it in rich careless season in July to reinforce utilizing it Herbage chopping, which is sealed in silage silo, makes ensilage, makees the late winter, the forage grass in early spring feeds livestock and poultry.It is also adjustable that hay is made is standby With.

(3) it reserves seed for planting

The herbage given over to kind just should no longer gather in harvesting 3 batches (7-8 months), and per hectare imposes calcium phosphate fertilizer 750kg, The accumulation that seedling will have time enough to carry out nutriment in this way.When plant grows to plant height 120cm or more, utilization can be gathered in Its underpart blade, make herbage give over to seedling stem plant stalk is sturdy, no disease and pests harm, after stalk jointing aging is solid, Yu Dashuan Before cut down, bundling preserve.

Embodiment 4

The present invention provides a kind of ecological sheep raising method, including:

A, site preparation and basal dressing:Strip tillage is carried out, it is 50cm that zone face, which starts line-spacing, and per hectare applies N P and K in the line It is light to harrow table soil after composite fertilizer 750kg, make soil, fertilizer mixing;

B, the selection and processing of kind:It chooses Gui Mu No.1 and hybridizes napier grass as seedling, tear off and wrap up armpit in the seedling stem of seedling The blade of bud tiltedly cuts seedling stem with knife in 45 °, obtains one section of 2 section, and every section of kind section for containing 1 axillary bud is stained in kind of an incision for section Plant ash or the limewash for being 20% with mass fraction impregnate 30min;

C, it plants:It is planted March, is that 15cm digs plantation hole by spacing in the rows, kind of a section is lain against in plantation hole, later The backfill for covering 2cm, after so that backfill is higher by plantation hole 1cm, reality is gently jammed on foot;

D, field management:

A, it looks into seedling to fill the gaps with seedlings, after planting 15 days, looks into seedling in time and fill the gaps with seedlings;

B, top dressing after tillage and weeding, when height of seedling 30cm, carry out tillage and weeding, and per hectare applies urea 225kg, calcium magnesium phosphate 180kg and potassium chloride 75kg;

C, water is applied in water management when arid, rainy day draining, it is 70% to keep water capacity;

D, insect pest preventing and controlling, after anthracnose occurs, the 200 times of liquid of carbendazim or Bordeaux mixture for being 5% with mass fraction, every Spray in 7 days is primary, continuous spray 2 times;After powdery mildew occurs, 2000 times of 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid or 25% cream of decamethrin are sprayed Liquid.

In the ecological sheep raising method, further include:

E, it cradles, 50 days after plantation, starts to cradle in height of seedling 80cm, cradled once, cradle every year 5 times every 45 days, It is 2cm to cradle the height for the stubble left for the first time, cradles the height for the stubble left later and increases 1cm on the basis of previous, is herded after cradling every time Grass not yet Feng Hangqian carries out tillage and weeding, is put into crib after the herbage after cradling every time is cut into 2cm;

F, rear top dressing is cradled, after cradling 3 days, per hectare imposes the urea of 225kg, removes weeds, and water drenching;

G, it ensiling or hays, June, ensilage or hay is made in herbage, the feed as late winter or early spring;

H, it reserves seed for planting, the herbage reserved seed for planting no longer cradles after cradling 2 times, and last time cradles 3 days afterwards, and per hectare applies calcium Mei Lin composite fertilizers 750kg is preserved when herbage reaches 120cm or more after gathering in herbage lower blade;

Wherein, the structural schematic diagram of the crib is as shown in Figure 1, the crib includes:

First hopper 110 is the cuboid of inner hollow, and the top of first hopper 110 is opened wide, described first Two pieces of partition boards 120 are arranged at intervals in hopper 110, two pieces of partition boards 120 are cuboid, and two pieces of partition boards 120 are parallel Setting, the side of two pieces of partition boards 120 and the inner wall of first hopper 110 are separated by a distance;In first hopper It is edible for lamb that herbage is placed in 110;

Sink 130 is cuboid, and the sink 130 is arranged between two pieces of partition boards 120;

Second hopper 140 is the semicolumn bodily form of inner hollow, and second hopper 140 is horizontally disposed, and Circular arc is face-down, and second hopper 140 is located at the surface of the sink 130, and second hopper 140 is provided at both ends with The two piece top plates 141 opposite with two pieces of partition boards 120, two pieces of top plates 141 are integrally formed with second hopper 140 Structure is arranged at intervals with two support columns 150 between the opposite top plate 141 and the partition board 120;In second hopper It is edible for llama that herbage is placed in 140.According to the physiological property of sheep, llama height is higher, and lamb height is shorter, if llama and small Sheep feeds in the same hopper, can cause to trample, and lamb also robs the growth for being unfavorable for sheep less than food, in the first hopper 110 Middle placement herbage is edible for lamb, and herbage is placed in the second hopper 140 and is eaten for llama, meets the height of itself, in sink In 130 place water be used in conjunction with, by reasonably distributing, can prevent sheep rob food during stepped on wound, make sheep on the feed when not With being crowded together, because being up-down structure, placement space has been saved.

In the ecological sheep raising method, it is recessed that first opposite with the support column 150 is provided on the partition board 120 Slot, the support column 150 are inserted into first groove.To fixed support column 150, to fix the second hopper 140.

Four are respectively arranged in the ecological sheep raising method, at four angles of the bottom of first hopper 110 to stretch Contracting bar 160.Crib can be adjusted according to the upgrowth situation of sheep uses height, optimum altitude when being set to sheep on the feed.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the telescopic rod 160 includes:

First support bar 161, structural schematic diagram as shown in Fig. 2, its be inner hollow cylindrical, described first The axial direction of first support bar 161 described in the inner wall upper edge of strut 161 is provided with the first protrusion 162, the first support bar 161 one end is connect with the bottom of first hopper 110;

Second support bar 163, structural schematic diagram as shown in figure 3, its be cylindrical, the second support bar 163 Outer diameter is equal with the internal diameter of the first support bar 161, and the second support bar 163 is inserted into the first support bar 161, institute The axial direction for stating second support bar 163 described in the outer wall upper edge of second support bar 163 is provided with multiple second grooves 164, institute When stating the second groove 164 and being arranged so that the first support bar 161 axially moves, first protrusion 162 can be described It is moved in second groove 164, and separated by a distance and length is different between two adjacent second grooves 164.By first Protrusion 162 is inserted into the second groove 164 of different length, telescopic rod 160 can be made to have different length, with the growth regulating of sheep The height of crib, to adapt to the growth of sheep.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the length of the sink 130 is less than or equal to the length of second hopper 140 Degree, the width of the sink 130 are less than or equal to the diameter of second hopper 140.Next herd is pulled when so that llama is eaten Grass will not fall in sink 130, maintains the clean of water, also saves herbage.If falling in sink 130, food rots easily to make It is sick at sheep, also pollute the environment.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the height of the sink 130 is higher than the height of the partition board 120.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the side of first hopper 110 of two pieces of partition boards 120 corresponding thereto is flat Row.Llama pastures in the second hopper 140, and lamb pastures in the first hopper 110, by the way of separated nursing, avoids robbing Llama is caused to step on lamb for food or lamb eats the herbage for pulling and when llama eats less than grass can fall in the first hopper 110 In, it will not cause to waste, save herbage, preventing herbage, supply falls short of demand, causes excessively to cradle, also saves cost, protects indirectly Environment is protected.

Embodiment 5

The present invention provides a kind of ecological sheep raising method, including:

A, site preparation and basal dressing:Strip tillage is carried out, it is 50cm that zone face, which starts line-spacing, and per hectare applies N P and K in the line It is light to harrow table soil after composite fertilizer 750kg, make soil, fertilizer mixing;

B, the selection and processing of kind:It chooses Gui Mu No.1 and hybridizes napier grass as seedling, tear off and wrap up armpit in the seedling stem of seedling The blade of bud tiltedly cuts seedling stem with knife in 45 °, obtains one section of 3 section, and every section of kind section for containing 2 axillary buds is stained in kind of an incision for section Plant ash or the limewash for being 20% with mass fraction impregnate 30min;

C, it plants:It is planted May, is that 15cm digs plantation hole by spacing in the rows, kind of a section is lain against in plantation hole, later The backfill for covering 3cm, after so that backfill is higher by plantation hole 2cm, reality is gently jammed on foot;

D, field management:

A, it looks into seedling to fill the gaps with seedlings, after planting 20 days, looks into seedling in time and fill the gaps with seedlings;

B, top dressing after tillage and weeding, when height of seedling 40cm, carry out tillage and weeding, and per hectare applies urea 225kg, calcium magnesium phosphate 180kg and potassium chloride 75kg;

C, water is applied in water management when arid, rainy day draining, it is 80% to keep water capacity;

D, insect pest preventing and controlling, after anthracnose occurs, the 240 times of liquid of carbendazim or Bordeaux mixture for being 5% with mass fraction, every Spray in 10 days is primary, continuous spray 2 times;After powdery mildew occurs, 50% carbendazim, 1500 times of liquid or 25% cream of decamethrin 3000 are sprayed Times liquid.

In the ecological sheep raising method, further include:

E, it cradles, 60 days after plantation, starts to cradle in height of seedling 100cm, cradled once, cradle every year 7 times every 60 days, It is 3cm to cradle the height for the stubble left for the first time, cradles the height for the stubble left later and increases 2cm on the basis of previous, is herded after cradling every time Grass not yet Feng Hangqian carries out tillage and weeding, is put into crib after the herbage after cradling every time is cut into 4cm;

F, rear top dressing is cradled, after cradling 5 days, per hectare imposes the urea of 225kg, removes weeds, and water drenching;

G, it ensiling or hays, in August, ensilage or hay is made in herbage, the feed as late winter or early spring;

H, it reserves seed for planting, the herbage reserved seed for planting no longer cradles after cradling 3 times, and last time cradles 5 days afterwards, and per hectare applies calcium Mei Lin composite fertilizers 750kg is preserved when herbage reaches 120cm or more after gathering in herbage lower blade;

Wherein, the structural schematic diagram of the crib is as shown in Figure 1, the crib includes:

First hopper 110 is the cuboid of inner hollow, and the top of first hopper 110 is opened wide, described first Two pieces of partition boards 120 are arranged at intervals in hopper 110, two pieces of partition boards 120 are cuboid, and two pieces of partition boards 120 are parallel Setting, the side of two pieces of partition boards 120 and the inner wall of first hopper 110 are separated by a distance;In first hopper It is edible for lamb that herbage is placed in 110;

Sink 130 is cuboid, and the sink 130 is arranged between two pieces of partition boards 120;

Second hopper 140 is the semicolumn bodily form of inner hollow, and second hopper 140 is horizontally disposed, and Circular arc is face-down, and second hopper 140 is located at the surface of the sink 130, and second hopper 140 is provided at both ends with The two piece top plates 141 opposite with two pieces of partition boards 120, two pieces of top plates 141 are integrally formed with second hopper 140 Structure is arranged at intervals with two support columns 150 between the opposite top plate 141 and the partition board 120;In second hopper It is edible for llama that herbage is placed in 140.According to the physiological property of sheep, llama height is higher, and lamb height is shorter, if llama and small Sheep feeds in the same hopper, can cause to trample, and lamb also robs the growth for being unfavorable for sheep less than food, in the first hopper 110 Middle placement herbage is edible for lamb, and herbage is placed in the second hopper 140 and is eaten for llama, meets the height of itself, in sink In 130 place water be used in conjunction with, by reasonably distributing, can prevent sheep rob food during stepped on wound, make sheep on the feed when not With being crowded together, because being up-down structure, placement space has been saved.

In the ecological sheep raising method, it is recessed that first opposite with the support column 150 is provided on the partition board 120 Slot, the support column 150 are inserted into first groove.To fixed support column 150, to fix the second hopper 140.

Four are respectively arranged in the ecological sheep raising method, at four angles of the bottom of first hopper 110 to stretch Contracting bar 160.Crib can be adjusted according to the upgrowth situation of sheep uses height, optimum altitude when being set to sheep on the feed.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the telescopic rod 160 includes:

First support bar 161, structural schematic diagram as shown in Fig. 2, its be inner hollow cylindrical, described first The axial direction of first support bar 161 described in the inner wall upper edge of strut 161 is provided with the first protrusion 162, the first support bar 161 one end is connect with the bottom of first hopper 110;

Second support bar 163, structural schematic diagram as shown in figure 3, its be cylindrical, the second support bar 163 Outer diameter is equal with the internal diameter of the first support bar 161, and the second support bar 163 is inserted into the first support bar 161, institute The axial direction for stating second support bar 163 described in the outer wall upper edge of second support bar 163 is provided with multiple second grooves 164, institute When stating the second groove 164 and being arranged so that the first support bar 161 axially moves, first protrusion 162 can be described It is moved in second groove 164, and separated by a distance and length is different between two adjacent second grooves 164.By first Protrusion 162 is inserted into the second groove 164 of different length, telescopic rod 160 can be made to have different length, with the growth regulating of sheep The height of crib, to adapt to the growth of sheep.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the length of the sink 130 is less than or equal to the length of second hopper 140 Degree, the width of the sink 130 are less than or equal to the diameter of second hopper 140.Next herd is pulled when so that llama is eaten Grass will not fall in sink 130, maintains the clean of water, also saves herbage.If falling in sink 130, food rots easily to make It is sick at sheep, also pollute the environment.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the height of the sink 130 is higher than the height of the partition board 120.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the side of first hopper 110 of two pieces of partition boards 120 corresponding thereto is flat Row.Llama pastures in the second hopper 140, and lamb pastures in the first hopper 110, by the way of separated nursing, avoids robbing Llama is caused to step on lamb for food or lamb eats the herbage for pulling and when llama eats less than grass can fall in the first hopper 110 In, it will not cause to waste, save herbage, preventing herbage, supply falls short of demand, causes excessively to cradle, also saves cost, protects indirectly Environment is protected.

Embodiment 6

The present invention provides a kind of ecological sheep raising method, including:

A, site preparation and basal dressing:Strip tillage is carried out, it is 50cm that zone face, which starts line-spacing, and per hectare applies N P and K in the line It is light to harrow table soil after composite fertilizer 750kg, make soil, fertilizer mixing;

B, the selection and processing of kind:It chooses Gui Mu No.1 and hybridizes napier grass as seedling, tear off and wrap up armpit in the seedling stem of seedling The blade of bud tiltedly cuts seedling stem with knife in 45 °, obtains -3 one section of sections, and every section of kind section for containing 2 axillary buds is stained in kind of an incision for section Upper plant ash or the limewash for being 20% with mass fraction impregnate 30min;

C, it plants:It is planted April, is that 15cm digs plantation hole by spacing in the rows, kind of a section is lain against in plantation hole, later The backfill for covering 3cm, after so that backfill is higher by plantation hole 2cm, reality is gently jammed on foot;

D, field management:

A, it looks into seedling to fill the gaps with seedlings, after planting 17 days, looks into seedling in time and fill the gaps with seedlings;

B, top dressing after tillage and weeding, when height of seedling 35cm, carry out tillage and weeding, and per hectare applies urea 225kg, calcium magnesium phosphate 180kg and potassium chloride 75kg;

C, water is applied in water management when arid, rainy day draining, it is 75% to keep water capacity;

D, insect pest preventing and controlling, after anthracnose occurs, the 220 times of liquid of carbendazim or Bordeaux mixture for being 5% with mass fraction, every Spray in 8 days is primary, continuous spray 2 times;After powdery mildew occurs, 2500 times of 50% carbendazim, 1250 times of liquid or 25% cream of decamethrin are sprayed Liquid.

In the ecological sheep raising method, further include:

E, it cradles, 55 days after plantation, starts to cradle in height of seedling 90cm, cradled once, cradle every year 6 times every 47 days, It is 3cm to cradle the height for the stubble left for the first time, cradles the height for the stubble left later and increases 2cm on the basis of previous, is herded after cradling every time Grass not yet Feng Hangqian carries out tillage and weeding, is put into crib after the herbage after cradling every time is cut into 3cm;

F, rear top dressing is cradled, after cradling 4 days, per hectare imposes the urea of 225kg, removes weeds, and water drenching;

G, it ensiling or hays, July, ensilage or hay is made in herbage, the feed as late winter or early spring;

H, it reserves seed for planting, the herbage reserved seed for planting no longer cradles after cradling 3 times, and last time cradles 4 days afterwards, and per hectare applies calcium Mei Lin composite fertilizers 750kg is preserved when herbage reaches 120cm or more after gathering in herbage lower blade;

Wherein, the structural schematic diagram of the crib is as shown in Figure 1, the crib includes:

First hopper 110 is the cuboid of inner hollow, and the top of first hopper 110 is opened wide, described first Two pieces of partition boards 120 are arranged at intervals in hopper 110, two pieces of partition boards 120 are cuboid, and two pieces of partition boards 120 are parallel Setting, the side of two pieces of partition boards 120 and the inner wall of first hopper 110 are separated by a distance;In first hopper It is edible for lamb that herbage is placed in 110;

Sink 130 is cuboid, and the sink 130 is arranged between two pieces of partition boards 120;

Second hopper 140 is the semicolumn bodily form of inner hollow, and second hopper 140 is horizontally disposed, and Circular arc is face-down, and second hopper 140 is located at the surface of the sink 130, and second hopper 140 is provided at both ends with The two piece top plates 141 opposite with two pieces of partition boards 120, two pieces of top plates 141 are integrally formed with second hopper 140 Structure is arranged at intervals with two support columns 150 between the opposite top plate 141 and the partition board 120;In second hopper It is edible for llama that herbage is placed in 140.According to the physiological property of sheep, llama height is higher, and lamb height is shorter, if llama and small Sheep feeds in the same hopper, can cause to trample, and lamb also robs the growth for being unfavorable for sheep less than food, in the first hopper 110 Middle placement herbage is edible for lamb, and herbage is placed in the second hopper 140 and is eaten for llama, meets the height of itself, in sink In 130 place water be used in conjunction with, by reasonably distributing, can prevent sheep rob food during stepped on wound, make sheep on the feed when not With being crowded together, because being up-down structure, placement space has been saved.

In the ecological sheep raising method, it is recessed that first opposite with the support column 150 is provided on the partition board 120 Slot, the support column 150 are inserted into first groove.To fixed support column 150, to fix the second hopper 140.

Four are respectively arranged in the ecological sheep raising method, at four angles of the bottom of first hopper 110 to stretch Contracting bar 160.Crib can be adjusted according to the upgrowth situation of sheep uses height, optimum altitude when being set to sheep on the feed.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the telescopic rod 160 includes:

First support bar 161, structural schematic diagram as shown in Fig. 2, its be inner hollow cylindrical, described first The axial direction of first support bar 161 described in the inner wall upper edge of strut 161 is provided with the first protrusion 162, the first support bar 161 one end is connect with the bottom of first hopper 110;

Second support bar 163, structural schematic diagram as shown in figure 3, its be cylindrical, the second support bar 163 Outer diameter is equal with the internal diameter of the first support bar 161, and the second support bar 163 is inserted into the first support bar 161, institute The axial direction for stating second support bar 163 described in the outer wall upper edge of second support bar 163 is provided with multiple second grooves 164, institute When stating the second groove 164 and being arranged so that the first support bar 161 axially moves, first protrusion 162 can be described It is moved in second groove 164, and separated by a distance and length is different between two adjacent second grooves 164.By first Protrusion 162 is inserted into the second groove 164 of different length, telescopic rod 160 can be made to have different length, with the growth regulating of sheep The height of crib, to adapt to the growth of sheep.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the length of the sink 130 is less than or equal to the length of second hopper 140 Degree, the width of the sink 130 are less than or equal to the diameter of second hopper 140.Next herd is pulled when so that llama is eaten Grass will not fall in sink 130, maintains the clean of water, also saves herbage.If falling in sink 130, food rots easily to make It is sick at sheep, also pollute the environment.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the height of the sink 130 is higher than the height of the partition board 120.

In the ecological sheep raising method, the side of first hopper 110 of two pieces of partition boards 120 corresponding thereto is flat Row.Llama pastures in the second hopper 140, and lamb pastures in the first hopper 110, by the way of separated nursing, avoids robbing Llama is caused to step on lamb for food or lamb eats the herbage for pulling and when llama eats less than grass can fall in the first hopper 110 In, it will not cause to waste, save herbage, preventing herbage, supply falls short of demand, causes excessively to cradle, also saves cost, protects indirectly Environment is protected.

Although the embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed as above, but its is not only in the description and the implementation listed With it can be fully applied to various fields suitable for the present invention, for those skilled in the art, can be easily Realize other modification, therefore without departing from the general concept defined in the claims and the equivalent scope, the present invention is simultaneously unlimited In specific details and embodiment shown and described herein and legend.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of ecology sheep raising method, which is characterized in that including:
A, site preparation and basal dressing:Strip tillage is carried out, it is 50cm that zone face, which starts line-spacing, and it is compound that per hectare applies N P and K in the line It is light to harrow table soil after fertile 750kg, make soil, fertilizer mixing;
B, the selection and processing of kind:It chooses Gui Mu No.1 and hybridizes napier grass as seedling, tear off and wrap up axillary bud in the seedling stem of seedling Blade tiltedly cuts seedling stem with knife in 45 °, obtains 2-3 and saves one section, every section of kind section containing 1-2 axillary bud is stained in kind of an incision for section Plant ash or the limewash for being 20% with mass fraction impregnate 30min;
C, it plants:It is planted in 3-5 months, is that 15cm digs plantation hole by spacing in the rows, kind of a section is lain against in plantation hole, is covered later The backfill for covering 2-3cm, after so that backfill is higher by plantation hole 1-2cm, reality is gently jammed on foot;
D, field management:
A, it looks into seedling to fill the gaps with seedlings, after planting 15-20 days, looks into seedling in time and fill the gaps with seedlings;
B, top dressing after tillage and weeding, when height of seedling 30-40cm, carry out tillage and weeding, and per hectare applies urea 225kg, calcium magnesium phosphate 180kg and potassium chloride 75kg;
C, water management, applies water, rainy day draining when arid, holding water capacity is 70-80%;
D, insect pest preventing and controlling, after anthracnose occurs, the 200-240 times of liquid of carbendazim or Bordeaux mixture for being 5% with mass fraction, every Spray in 7-10 days is primary, continuous spray 2 times;After powdery mildew occurs, 1000-1500 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 25% decis breast are sprayed Oily 2000-3000 times of liquid;
E, it cradles, 50-60 days after plantation, starts to cradle in height of seedling 80-100cm, cradled every 45-60 days once, cut every year It cuts 5-7 times, it is 2-3cm to cradle the height for the stubble left for the first time, cradles the height for the stubble left later and increases 1-2cm on the basis of previous, Rear herbage not yet Feng Hangqian is cradled every time and carries out tillage and weeding, is put into crib after the herbage after cradling every time is cut into 2-4cm;
F, rear top dressing is cradled, after cradling 3-5 days, per hectare imposes the urea of 225kg, removes weeds, and water drenching;
G, it ensiling or hays, in the 6-8 months, ensilage or hay is made in herbage, the feed as late winter or early spring;
H, it reserves seed for planting, the herbage reserved seed for planting no longer cradles after cradling 2-3 times, and last time cradles latter 3-5 days, and per hectare applies calcium Mei Lin composite fertilizers 750kg is preserved when herbage reaches 120cm or more after gathering in herbage lower blade;
Wherein, the crib includes:
First hopper, is the cuboid of inner hollow, and the top of first hopper is opened wide, is spaced in first hopper Two pieces of partition boards are provided with, two pieces of partition boards are cuboid, and two pieces of partition boards are arranged in parallel, the side of two pieces of partition boards It is separated by a distance with the inner wall of first hopper;It is edible for lamb that herbage is placed in first hopper;Described first It is respectively arranged with four telescopic rods at four angles of the bottom of hopper;
The telescopic rod includes:
First support bar is the cylindrical of inner hollow, first support bar described in the inner wall upper edge of the first support bar Axial direction be provided with first protrusion, one end of the first support bar is connect with the bottom of first hopper;
Second support bar is cylindrical, and the outer diameter of the second support bar is equal with the internal diameter of the first support bar, institute It states second support bar to be inserted into the first support bar, the axial direction of second support bar described in the outer wall upper edge of the second support bar Direction is provided with multiple second grooves, described when second groove is arranged so that the first support bar axially moves First protrusion can move in second groove, and separated by a distance and length is not between two adjacent second grooves Together;
Sink is cuboid, and the sink is arranged between two pieces of partition boards;
Second hopper is the semicolumn bodily form of inner hollow, and second hopper is horizontally disposed, and arc surface court Under, second hopper is located at the surface of the sink, and second hopper is provided at both ends with and two pieces of partition board phases To two pieces of top plates, two pieces of top plates are an integral molding structure with second hopper, the opposite top plate with it is described every Two support columns are arranged at intervals between plate;It is edible for llama that herbage is placed in second hopper;The length of the sink Less than the length of second hopper, the width of the sink is less than the diameter of second hopper.
2. ecology sheep raising method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided on the partition board and the support column phase To the first groove, the support column is inserted into first groove.
3. ecology sheep raising method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the height of the sink is higher than the height of the partition board Degree.
4. ecology sheep raising method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that two pieces of partition boards corresponding thereto described first The side of hopper is parallel.
CN201510534217.5A 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 Ecological sheep raising method CN105104299B (en)

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CN204047512U (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-31 张家港市江源生态养殖农民专业合作社 A kind of diet groove
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CN204466560U (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-07-15 黑龙江职业学院 Movable multi-layer animal feed trough
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