CN105104089A - Method for improving soil fertility and fruit quality of fig orchard - Google Patents

Method for improving soil fertility and fruit quality of fig orchard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105104089A
CN105104089A CN201510617746.1A CN201510617746A CN105104089A CN 105104089 A CN105104089 A CN 105104089A CN 201510617746 A CN201510617746 A CN 201510617746A CN 105104089 A CN105104089 A CN 105104089A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
fruit quality
soil fertility
grass
tree
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Pending
Application number
CN201510617746.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方敏彦
章明
梁慧敏
丁久玲
刘进华
杨鹤同
席刚俊
王红梅
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Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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Priority to CN201510617746.1A priority Critical patent/CN105104089A/en
Publication of CN105104089A publication Critical patent/CN105104089A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for improving soil fertility and fruit quality of a fig orchard. The method includes the following steps of (1) soil preparation, (2) fertilizer application, (3) sowing, (4) topdressing (5) maintenance management and (6) weed covering. Compared with the prior art, the method can remarkably increase the soil water content, the organic matter content and the N and P content of figs, soil temperature is lowered, soil fertility is effectively improved, meanwhile, the average single fruit weight and the yield per mu of the figs can be remarkably increased, and the fruit quality is effectively improved.

Description

A kind of method improving fig Orchard Soil fertility and fruit quality
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method improving fig Orchard Soil fertility and fruit quality, belong to fig production planting technology field.
Background technology
Fig (FicuscaricaLinn.) is a kind of flowering plant, is under the jurisdiction of Moraceae Ficus, primary growth in some torrid zone and the place in temperate zone, genus subtropics defoliation small arbor.Fig there will be a known 800 kinds at present, and the overwhelming majority is all evergreen kind, and that is only longer than place, temperate zone is only fallen leaves kind.Fruit is bulbous, and afterbody has an aperture, and pollen is propagated by wasp.Fig tree vigo(u)r is graceful, and being the ornamental trees and shrubs in garden, park, generally without agricultural chemicals, is the nuisanceless trees of a kind of pure natural.Its blade is large, and split in palmate, blade face is coarse, has good pick-up performance, as fitted together with other plant, can also form good antinoise barrier.Fig tree can resist the insupportable toxic gas of general plant and atmospheric pollution, is the good seeds of chemical pollution district greening.In addition, fig strong adaptability, wind resistance, drought-enduring, Salt And Alkali Tolerance, plant in the area, sandy wasteland of arid, can play to check winds and fix drifting sand, afforest waste beach effect.
At present, often there are some problems in fig tree planting process, long-term clear cultivated and natural grass method makes the ecological protective functions in orchard reduce, and under water and soil loss, soil fertility, degradation phenomenon is serious.The excessive use of chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals, not only increase production cost, and nutrient quality is also greatly affected simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of method improving fig Orchard Soil fertility and fruit quality.
Technical scheme: for achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of method improving fig Orchard Soil fertility and fruit quality, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) wholely: select fig tree planting site, in the ranks plough in fruit tree, leveling, benefit of pouring water moisture in the soil, obtains furrow;
(2) apply fertilizer: in above-mentioned furrow, apply organic manure;
(3) sow: with a certain distance from tree dish, dig 1 ~ 2 shallow ridges, water vola water, uniform broadcasting seedling carelessly seed;
(4) topdress: grow seedling until seedling grass or after turning green, apply composite fertilizer;
(5) maintenance management: weed a garden in time seedling stage at seedling grass, when seedling grass layer is up to 30 ~ 40cm, toothing 9 ~ 11cm cradles;
(6) grass is covered: the grass bits after above-mentioned cradling are overlying on tree dish, and covering ploughs under in soil by next year 1-2 month.
As preferably, in described step (1), the fig age of tree is life in 2 ~ 3 years.
Preferred as another kind, the degree of depth of ploughing in described step (1) is 20 ~ 25cm.
Preferred as another kind, in described step (2), organic manure is barnyard manure, and consumption is 50t/hm 2.
Preferred as another kind, in described step (3), the sowing time is: sow in spring in 3 ~ April, autumn sowing is in 8 ~ September
Preferred as another kind, in described step (3), distance is 58 ~ 62cm, and the degree of depth of shallow ridges is 1.8 ~ 2.2cm.
Preferred as another kind, in described step (3), the consumption of seedling carelessly seed is 20 ~ 40kg/hm 2.
Preferred as another kind, in described step (4), the consumption of composite fertilizer is 60 ~ 80kg/hm 2.
Preferred as another kind, the method that described step (6) medium-height grass bits are overlying on tree dish is: coverage rate is as the criterion under dripping with tree crown, cladding thickness 18-22 centimetre, stays 9-11 cm clearance from trunk.
Technique effect: relative to prior art, the inventive method, can significantly improve fig soil moisture content, the content of organic matter and N, P content, reduce soil temperature, effective increase soil fertility, can also significantly improve mean fruit weight and the per mu yield of fig simultaneously, effectively improve fruit quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: distinct methods gained fig Orchard Soil water content compares;
Fig. 2: distinct methods gained fig Orchard Soil temperature compares;
Fig. 3: the distinct methods gained fig Orchard Soil content of organic matter compares;
Fig. 4: distinct methods gained fig Orchard Soil pH value compares;
Fig. 5: distinct methods gained fig Orchard Soil total nitrogen content compares;
Fig. 6: distinct methods gained fig Orchard Soil available phosphorus content compares;
Fig. 7: distinct methods gained fig Orchard Soil potassium content compares.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1
(1) wholely: select the age of tree to be 2 years raw fig tree planting sites, in the ranks plough in fruit tree, the degree of depth of ploughing is 20 ~ 25cm, leveling, benefit of pouring water moisture in the soil, obtains furrow;
(2) apply fertilizer: in above-mentioned furrow, apply barnyard manure, consumption is 50t/hm 2;
(3) sow: late April, from tree dish 58 ~ 62cm, dig 1 ~ 2 shallow ridges, the degree of depth is 1.8 ~ 2.2cm, waters vola water, uniform broadcasting seedling carelessly seed, and consumption is 20kg/hm 2;
(4) topdress: grow seedling until seedling grass or after turning green, apply composite fertilizer, consumption is 60kg/hm 2;
(5) maintenance management: weed a garden in time seedling stage at seedling grass, when seedling grass layer is up to 30 ~ 40cm, toothing 9 ~ 11cm cradles;
(6) grass is covered: the grass bits after above-mentioned cradling are overlying on tree dish, and coverage rate is as the criterion under dripping with tree crown, cladding thickness 18-22 centimetre, stays 9-11 cm clearance from trunk, and covering ploughs under in soil by next year 1-2 month.
Embodiment 2
(1) wholely: select the age of tree to be 3 years raw fig tree planting sites, in the ranks plough in fruit tree, the degree of depth of ploughing is 20 ~ 25cm, leveling, benefit of pouring water moisture in the soil, obtains furrow;
(2) apply fertilizer: in above-mentioned furrow, apply barnyard manure, consumption is 50t/hm 2;
(3) sow: early September, from tree dish 58 ~ 62cm, dig 1 ~ 2 shallow ridges, the degree of depth is 1.8 ~ 2.2cm, waters vola water, uniform broadcasting seedling carelessly seed, and consumption is 40kg/hm 2;
(4) topdress: grow seedling until seedling grass or after turning green, apply composite fertilizer, consumption is 80kg/hm 2;
(5) maintenance management: weed a garden in time seedling stage at seedling grass, when seedling grass layer is up to 30 ~ 40cm, toothing 9-11cm cradles;
(6) grass is covered: the grass bits after above-mentioned cradling are overlying on tree dish, and coverage rate is as the criterion under dripping with tree crown, cladding thickness 18-22 centimetre, stays 9-11 cm clearance from trunk, and covering ploughs under in soil by next year 1-2 month.
Embodiment 3
(1) wholely: select the age of tree to be 3 years raw fig tree planting sites, in the ranks plough in fruit tree, the degree of depth of ploughing is 20 ~ 25cm, leveling, benefit of pouring water moisture in the soil, obtains furrow;
(2) apply fertilizer: in above-mentioned furrow, apply barnyard manure, consumption is 50t/hm 2;
(3) sow: late August, from tree dish 58 ~ 62cm, dig 1 ~ 2 shallow ridges, the degree of depth is 1.8 ~ 2.2cm, waters vola water, uniform broadcasting seedling carelessly seed, and consumption is 30kg/hm 2;
(4) topdress: grow seedling until seedling grass or after turning green, apply composite fertilizer, consumption is 70kg/hm 2;
(5) maintenance management: seedling grass seedling stage weed a garden in time, when seedling grass layer is up to 30 ~ 40cm, toothing 9 ~ 11cm cradles, cradle rear grass bits be overlying on tree dish under;
(6) grass is covered: the grass bits after above-mentioned cradling are overlying on tree dish, and coverage rate is as the criterion under dripping with tree crown, cladding thickness 18-22 centimetre, stays 9-11 cm clearance from trunk, and covering ploughs under in soil by next year 1-2 month.
Experimental example:
1, experimental field overview
Test site is positioned at Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry Nong Bo garden fig (the purple fruit of Japan) garden, and Land leveling, irrigation conditions is medium, and soil fertility is medium.Age of tree 3a is raw, spacing in the rows 3m × 4m, area 35 mu.On in orchard management level, garden fruit tree growth is healthy and strong, and tree vigo(u)r is medium, without damage by disease and insect.
2, experimental scheme
Test from south orientation north, experiment fig garden average mark is slit into double diffusion 1: natural grass; Process 2: inter-row green covering (seedling grass) concrete steps are according to the inventive method process.
3, soil fertility investigates result
3.1 impacts on soil moisture content
As shown in Figure of description 1,20-40cm topsoil water content no significant difference after plantation seedling grass, but 0 ~ 20cm topsoil water content comparatively natural grass increase.
3.2 impacts on soil temperature
As shown in Figure of description 2, after plantation seedling grass each soil layer soil temperature comparatively natural grass significantly decline.
3.3 impacts on soil organic matter content
As shown in Figure of description 3, after plantation seedling grass, 20 ~ 40cm soil organic matter content declines to some extent, but topmost grown layer 0 ~ 20cm soil organic matter content comparatively natural grass significantly improve.
3.4 impacts on soil pH value
As shown in Figure of description 4, after plantation seedling grass soil pH value comparatively natural grass raise to some extent.
3.5 impacts on soil N, P, K content
As shown in Figure of description 5, after plantation seedling grass survey each soil layer total soil nitrogen amount comparatively natural grass all raise, wherein 0 ~ 20cm layer significant difference (P<0.05).
As shown in Figure of description 6, after plantation seedling grass each soil layer soil available phosphorus content comparatively natural grass raise all to some extent, and difference is extremely significantly (P<0.01).
As shown in Figure of description 7, after plantation seedling grass each soil layer quick-acting potassium content comparatively natural grass slightly reduce, but difference is not remarkable.
4, fruit yield and quality discrepancy compare
Seedling grass is planted in table 1 fig garden in the ranks and natural grass fruit yield compares
Process Mean fruit weight (g) Output (kg. mu -1)
Seedling grass in the ranks 68.2 487.6
Natural grass 52.7 403.7
Seedling grass is planted in table 2 fig garden in the ranks and natural grass fruit quality compares
Compared with natural grass, after plantation seedling grass, be significantly increased without flower mean fruit weight and per mu yield, fruit quality significantly improves, and comprehensive soil fertility compares, and seedling grass is planted in fig garden in the ranks can significantly improve soil fertility and fig fruit yield and quality.

Claims (9)

1. improve a method for fig Orchard Soil fertility and fruit quality, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) wholely: select fig tree planting site, in the ranks plough in fruit tree, leveling, benefit of pouring water moisture in the soil, obtains furrow;
(2) apply fertilizer: in above-mentioned furrow, apply organic manure;
(3) sow: with a certain distance from tree dish, dig 1 ~ 2 shallow ridges, water vola water, uniform broadcasting seedling carelessly seed;
(4) topdress: grow seedling until seedling grass or after turning green, apply composite fertilizer;
(5) maintenance management: weed a garden in time seedling stage at seedling grass, when seedling grass layer is up to 30 ~ 40cm, toothing 9 ~ 11cm cradles;
(6) grass is covered: the grass bits after above-mentioned cradling are overlying on tree dish, and covering ploughs under in soil by next year 1-2 month.
2. the method for raising fig Orchard Soil fertility according to claim 1 and fruit quality, is characterized in that, in described step (1), the fig age of tree is that 2-3 is raw.
3. the method for raising fig Orchard Soil fertility according to claim 1 and fruit quality, is characterized in that, the degree of depth of ploughing in described step (1) is 20 ~ 25cm.
4. the method for raising fig Orchard Soil fertility according to claim 1 and fruit quality, is characterized in that, in described step (2), organic manure is barnyard manure, and consumption is 50t/hm 2.
5. the method for raising fig Orchard Soil fertility according to claim 1 and fruit quality, is characterized in that, in described step (3), the sowing time is: sow in spring in 3 ~ April, autumn sowing is in 8 ~ September.
6. the method for raising fig Orchard Soil fertility according to claim 1 and fruit quality, is characterized in that, in described step (3), distance is 58-62cm, and the degree of depth of shallow ridges is 1.8-2.2cm.
7. the method for raising fig Orchard Soil fertility according to claim 1 and fruit quality, is characterized in that, the consumption of seedling carelessly seed is 20-40kg/hm in described step (3) 2.
8. the method for raising fig Orchard Soil fertility according to claim 1 and fruit quality, is characterized in that, in described step (4), the consumption of composite fertilizer is 60-80kg/hm 2.
9. the method for raising fig Orchard Soil fertility according to claim 1 and fruit quality, it is characterized in that, the method that described step (6) medium-height grass bits are overlying on tree dish is: coverage rate is as the criterion under dripping with tree crown, cladding thickness 18-22 centimetre, stays 9-11 cm clearance from trunk.
CN201510617746.1A 2015-09-24 2015-09-24 Method for improving soil fertility and fruit quality of fig orchard Pending CN105104089A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105379596A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-09 中国矿业大学(北京) Method for increasing sand nursery stock survival rate through best grass cover amount
CN106699373A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-24 阜阳市颍泉区玉寿种植专业合作社 Seedling transplanting nutritional soil for fig trees
CN107360934A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-11-21 罗世成 A kind of method for planting fig fruit tree

Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101243758A (en) * 2008-03-08 2008-08-20 迟万胜 High production cultivation method for fig-tree
JP2012125213A (en) * 2010-12-17 2012-07-05 Osaka Prefecture Method for producing fig fruit
CN103975817A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-13 太仓市泗洲农场专业合作社 High-yield planting method for fig trees
CN104255376A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-07 江苏农林职业技术学院 Method for improving soil fertility of pear gardens at hilly areas of northern subtropical regions in south of China

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101243758A (en) * 2008-03-08 2008-08-20 迟万胜 High production cultivation method for fig-tree
JP2012125213A (en) * 2010-12-17 2012-07-05 Osaka Prefecture Method for producing fig fruit
CN103975817A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-13 太仓市泗洲农场专业合作社 High-yield planting method for fig trees
CN104255376A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-07 江苏农林职业技术学院 Method for improving soil fertility of pear gardens at hilly areas of northern subtropical regions in south of China

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105379596A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-09 中国矿业大学(北京) Method for increasing sand nursery stock survival rate through best grass cover amount
CN106699373A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-24 阜阳市颍泉区玉寿种植专业合作社 Seedling transplanting nutritional soil for fig trees
CN107360934A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-11-21 罗世成 A kind of method for planting fig fruit tree

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Application publication date: 20151202