CN105103856B - A kind of is suitable for the method for cultivating Moringa oleifera in northern area - Google Patents

A kind of is suitable for the method for cultivating Moringa oleifera in northern area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105103856B
CN105103856B CN201510499612.4A CN201510499612A CN105103856B CN 105103856 B CN105103856 B CN 105103856B CN 201510499612 A CN201510499612 A CN 201510499612A CN 105103856 B CN105103856 B CN 105103856B
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moringa
temperature
days
branch
pinching
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CN105103856A (en
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郭燕锋
姜峰
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Guangzhou Yanghuahu Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
Qingdao Yanghuahu Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Yanghuahu Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
Qingdao Yanghuahu Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

It is suitable for method in north Moringa that the present invention, which discloses a kind of, the purpose is to solve, in the northern area of China plantation Moringa, there are weathers to be not suitable with, it is low to plant germination percentage, plantation growth is slower, the not high problem of fresh leaf yield, the method plants Moringa through the invention, and Moringa can be made high in northern area bud ratio, fast growing, and Highly effective.

Description

A kind of is suitable for the method for cultivating Moringa oleifera in northern area
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultivation of plants methods, more particularly to a kind of method in north Moringa.
Background technique
Moringa belongs to Capparales Moringaceae, originates in India, also known as drumstick tree, is perennial tropical deciduous tree, There are about 14 kinds in the whole world.3~12 meters of Moringa plant height of adult, bark cork matter;Branch has apparent hole skin and leaf scar, and sprig has Pubescence;Moringa has the outstanding features such as high calcium, high protein, high microsteping, low fat, has enhancing physical strength, treatment anaemia, alleviates Diabetic complication, inhibition germ, expeling helminth and other effects.Moringa contains about 20 kinds of amino acid, and 46 kinds of antioxidants are rich in Vitamin and mineral.Protein contained by Moringa is two times of milk, and potassium contained by Moringa is three times of banana, and Moringa institute iron content is Three times of spinach, Moringa contained vitamin C are seven times of citrus, and Moringa contained vitamin A is four times of (B carrot).Its is fresh and tender Branches and leaves can be edible directly as vegetables, referred to as most nutritious tree in the world.Moringa light is shone, and is had to rainfall very strong suitable Ying Xing is conveniently planted in subtropical and tropical zones, and more sensitive to edaphic condition and temperature, especially in northern China Moringa is planted in area, and there are weathers to be not suitable with, and plantation germination percentage is low, and plantation growth is slower, and fresh leaf yield is not high.
Summary of the invention
To solve to plant Moringa there are weather is inadaptable in the northern area of China, plantation germination percentage is low, and plantation growth is slower, The not high problem of fresh leaf yield, it is suitable for method in north Moringa that the present invention, which provides a kind of, and cultural method is convenient effectively, can Stablize Moringa in northern area to grow, and Highly effective.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
(1) seed selection is handled with vernalization: selection kind is pure, high-quality, and no disease and pests harm, fruit maturity is good, full seed, nothing Mildew, seeds are no more than 1 year seed.In immersion 15-20 hours of 45 DEG C of thermostat water bath before sowing, impregnates and add 0.1% Fulvo acid, it is ensured that seed sufficiently absorbs water.After picking up airing, it is transferred to climatic chamber vernalization, the tune of climatic chamber Temperature is saved at 25 DEG C~30 DEG C, humidity is 80%~90%.Before vernalization, seed disinfection first is carried out with 500 times " carbendazim " solution.
(2) seedbed nursery: the strong peat of gas permeability is selected to be used as seedling bed, and " carbendazim " solution pair of 600 times of use Seedling bed carries out disinfection, then the nursery of cave bed, one, every cave seed.When length of sprouting is 3~5cm, the vernalization stage terminates.Usually Seedbed germination time is 10~15 days.Seedbed shading, moisturizing, temperature are controlled at 25~30 DEG C.
(3) nutritional bag: when seedling is in 3~5 blades, nutrient bag is migrated to.Select nutrient bag height be 8~ 12cm, diameter be 6~10cm, nutrition bag as substrate be peat soil, perlite, calcium and magnesium phosphate mixture (each component ratio is 8:1.6: 0.4) it, carries out disinfection using using 600 times of " carbendazim " solution to nutrition bag as substrate before transplanting.Nutrient bag equipped with moringa seeds It neatly arranges, is placed in greenhouse, it is primary every water drenching in 2~3 days.Fertilizer is in charge of reason: spraying 1 time within every 15 days after nursery 10 days 1000 times of dissolubility fertilizer of sour water containing humus.
(4) garden is planted: when Moringa seedling it is long to 10~20cm when, Moringa seedling is migrated into the winter and warms up vertical greenhouse garden kind It plants, lower foot base manure, Furrow sowing, and it is 1.5m, spacing in the rows 1.2m that line-spacing, which is added,.Northern temperature (10 is more adapted to improve Moringa DEG C or so), take Cold Acclimation to Moringa: the first stage adjusts temperature at 30~25 DEG C, maintains 10 days;In second stage When, gradually temperature is adjusted at 18~20 DEG C, is maintained 20 days or so;In the phase III, temperature is gradually gradually decreased to 10-15 DEG C, it maintains 30 days or so.When temperature is lower than 15 DEG C, heating adjusting is carried out to temperature in greenhouse, avoids 10 DEG C of low temperature below. By the Cold Acclimation of three phases, Moringa is greatly improved the ability for adapting to low temperature.
(5) training is downgraded: for the yield for increasing greenhouse gardening Moringa tender leaf, carrying out dwarfing branch process to Moringa: when peppery It when wooden seedling length up to 20cm, takes first time pinching to handle Moringa, and sprays efficient water soluble containing humic acid fertilizer, promote Moringa Grow more multiple-limb.Retain 4~6, branch for the first time and takes second of pinching when branch grows to 20cm from wooden fork mouth; After second of pinching, every 3~4, reservation branch takes third time pinching when branch grows to 20cm from wooden fork mouth;Often After secondary pinching, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is used sufficient, so that Moringa trunk is sturdy, well developed root system.After pinching three times, whole strain Moringa tree Height is 60cm~80cm.It is every to pass through 10~20 days after pinching branch, when the tender tooth in branch grows to 30~40cm, The browse that 10~15cm long can be picked sprays high-efficiency foliage fertilizer every time after picking as Moringa fresh vegetable.Picking every time, is plucked The same horizontal position is kept at the heart.By repeatedly picking, Moringa tree number fist is smooth, and shoot height is consistent, is convenient for mechanized harvest.
Specific embodiment
It tests and is carried out in the vinyl house in the bright villages and small towns of Shandong Province's Pingdu City in November, 2013.In nursery on November 3.It educates Seedling test sets 5 processing: processing 1, with 45 DEG C of water seed soaking 5h (control);Processing 2, with 45 DEG C of water seed soaking 15h;Processing 3,0.1% fulvo acid seed soaking 5h;Processing 4, with 0.1% fulvo acid seed soaking 10h;Processing 5,0.1% it is water-soluble Property humic acid soak seed 15h;The fulvo acid seed soaking 20h of processing 6,0.1%.In seedbed with " worm kill only " and " carbendazim " After carrying out soil insect-killing disinfection, the seed handled well is placed in seed furrow away from uniform by the kind of 3~5cm on March 6th, 2008 Interior, the thin river sand of 1~2cm of covering rewaters, and keeps soil moisture to promote Moringa seed to germinate.Its experimental result such as following table 1。
Influence of the different seed soaking time of table 1 to moringa seeds germination percentage
The result shows that: in seedling growth test, 0.1% fulvo acid seed soaking 15h emergence rate is up to 88%, is compared According to high by 33%;Followed by 0.1% fulvo acid seed soaking 20h emergence rate is 85%.
Embodiment 2
It tests and is carried out in the vinyl house in the bright villages and small towns of Shandong Province's Pingdu City in January, -2014 in November, 2013.Choose life Long consistent Moringa seedling long (17~20cm of plant height) migrates to winter warm vertical greenhouse garden plantation, lower foot base manure, Furrow sowing, kind Density in planting is that line-spacing is 1.5m, spacing in the rows 1.2m.Processing 1, control treatment is not adjusted the temperature in greenhouse;Processing 2, When greenhouse temperature is lower than 15 degree, heating adjusting is carried out to temperature in greenhouse, the first stage adjusts temperature at 20~25 degree, dimension It holds 10 days;In second stage, gradually by temperature adjust at 18~20 degree, maintenance 20 days, in the phase III, gradually by temperature by 15 degree are gradually down to, is maintained 30 days.
The influence that 2 Cold Acclimation of table grows Moringa
The result shows that: compared with control treatment, the plant height of 2 Moringas of processing is apparently higher than control group, by three phases Cold Acclimation is greatly improved the ability for adapting to low temperature.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of is suitable for the method in north Moringa, which comprises the following steps:
(1) seed selection is handled with vernalization: selection kind is pure, high-quality, and no disease and pests harm, fruit maturity is good, full seed, without mould Become, seeds are no more than 1 year seed;In immersion 15-20 hours of 45 DEG C of thermostat water bath before sowing, impregnates and add 0.1% Fulvo acid, it is ensured that seed sufficiently absorbs water;After picking up airing, it is transferred to climatic chamber vernalization, the tune of climatic chamber Temperature is saved at 25 DEG C~30 DEG C, humidity is 80%~90%;Before vernalization, seed first is carried out with 500 times " carbendazim " solution and is disappeared Poison;
(2) seedbed nursery: the peat for selecting gas permeability strong uses 600 times " carbendazim " solution to nursery as seedling bed Bed carries out disinfection, then the nursery of cave bed, one, every cave seed;When length of sprouting is 3~5cm, the vernalization stage terminates;Usual seedbed Germination time is 10~15 days;Seedbed shading, moisturizing, temperature are controlled at 25~30 DEG C;
(3) nutritional bag: when seedling is in 3~5 blades, nutrient bag is migrated to;Select nutrient bag height be 8~ 12cm, diameter are 6~10cm, and nutrition bag as substrate is peat soil, perlite, calcium and magnesium phosphate mixture, using 600 times before transplanting " carbendazim " solution carries out disinfection to nutrition bag as substrate;Nutrient bag equipped with moringa seeds neatly arranges, and is placed in greenhouse, every 2 Water drenching in~3 days is primary;Fertilizer is in charge of reason: 1 1000 times of fulvo acid of spray in every 15 days after nursery 10 days;
(4) garden is planted: when Moringa seedling it is long to 10~20cm when, Moringa seedling is migrated into the winter and warms up the plantation of vertical greenhouse garden, under Sufficient base manure, Furrow sowing, line-spacing 1.5m, spacing in the rows 1.2m;To make Moringa more adapt to northern temperature, cold-resistant is taken to forge Moringa Refining: the first stage adjusts temperature at 30~25 DEG C, maintains 10 days;In second stage, gradually temperature is adjusted 18~20 DEG C, it maintains 20 days or so;In the phase III, temperature is gradually decreased to 10-15 DEG C, is maintained 30 days or so;It is lower than 15 DEG C in temperature When, heating adjusting is carried out to temperature in greenhouse, avoids 10 DEG C of low temperature below;By the Cold Acclimation of three phases, Moringa can Greatly improve the ability for adapting to low temperature;
(5) training is downgraded: for the yield for increasing greenhouse gardening Moringa tender leaf, carrying out dwarfing branch process to Moringa: when Moringa seedling It when long up to 20cm, takes first time pinching to handle Moringa, and spray efficient water soluble humic acid, promotes Moringa growth more Branch;Retain 4~6, branch for the first time and takes second of pinching when branch grows to 20cm from wooden fork mouth;It plucks for the second time After the heart, every 3~4, reservation branch takes third time pinching when branch grows to 20cm from wooden fork mouth;After each pinching, Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is used sufficient, so that Moringa trunk is sturdy, well developed root system;After pinching three times, whole strain Moringa tree height is 60cm~80cm;It is every to pass through 10~20 days after pinching branch, when the tender shoots in branch grows to 30~40cm, can adopt The browse for plucking 10~15cm long sprays high-efficiency foliage fertilizer every time after picking as Moringa fresh vegetable;It picks, is protected at pinching every time Hold the same horizontal position;By repeatedly picking, Moringa tree is smooth, and shoot height is consistent, is convenient for mechanized harvest.
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CN105475083A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-04-13 黄振忠 Moringa tree oleifera lamarch seedling raising method using nutritious cups
CN105706875A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-29 云南农业大学 Production method for moringa oleifera sprouting vegetables
CN105613191A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-06-01 师宗县恒旭农业开发有限公司 High-yield and high-quality method for cultivating moringa oleifera
CN105766590B (en) * 2016-04-22 2019-05-21 黑龙江省科学院大庆分院 A kind of extremely frigid zones Moringa facility cultivation compounding matrix and cultural method
CN105875333A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-24 安徽恋尚你食品有限公司 Method for planting moringa oleifera in the north of the Yangtze River
CN106165600A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-30 云南圣杰生物科技发展有限公司 A kind of moringa seeds cultural method
CN106258307A (en) * 2016-07-26 2017-01-04 华南农业大学 The dwarfing of the potted plant Moringa that a kind of growth retardant processes and fertilizing method
CN106472286A (en) * 2016-11-08 2017-03-08 云南农业大学 A kind of booth Moringa soilless culture method and its application
CN106561398A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-04-19 东莞植物园 Seed sowing and seedling raising method for Burmese grapes
CN106688801A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-24 河南省昊杰食品有限公司 Leafiness high yield horseradish tree nursery stock cultivating and planting method
CN106954511A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-07-18 滁州恒盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding method for improving Moringa emergence rate
CN107258446A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-10-20 德宏师范高等专科学校 A kind of selenium-enriched plant and its cultural method and application
CN107409733A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-12-01 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of method of family potted plant Moringa
CN107996246B (en) * 2017-11-23 2020-07-24 许文胜 Method for planting and overwintering tropical plant moringa oleifera in northern area
CN108271601A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-07-13 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of method that Moringa cuts root mycorrhizal seedling raising
CN109197317A (en) * 2018-08-27 2019-01-15 河北省农林科学院棉花研究所(河北省农林科学院特种经济作物研究所) A kind of nursery of Beijing-tianjin-hebei Region Moringa and field planting method

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