CN105094038B - Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and its control method - Google Patents

Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and its control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105094038B
CN105094038B CN201510336855.6A CN201510336855A CN105094038B CN 105094038 B CN105094038 B CN 105094038B CN 201510336855 A CN201510336855 A CN 201510336855A CN 105094038 B CN105094038 B CN 105094038B
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emission
control
monitoring
road
construction site
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CN105094038A (en
Inventor
金健
俞宏
高淑微
宁学将
杜青霖
俞岗
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Zhejiang Engineering Construction Management Co., Ltd.
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Zhejiang Academy Of Building Research & Design Redya Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/05Programmable logic controllers, e.g. simulating logic interconnections of signals according to ladder diagrams or function charts

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of construction site environmental monitoring to improve device.Solve the deficiencies in the prior art, technical scheme is:Including main frame, equipment monitoring apparatus, telecommunication device, gather dust main frame, sprayer unit and sensing system, the telecommunication device includes PC remote supervisory and control(ling) equipments and mobile phone on duty, PC remote supervisory and control(ling) equipments and mobile phone on duty are connected with host communication, equipment monitoring apparatus includes excavator detection device, slag-soil truck detection device and motor operation detection device, excavator detection device, slag-soil truck detection device and motor operation detection device electrically connect with main frame, the sensing system includes several dust concentration detectors that distribution is arranged on building-site, water monitoring device, video monitoring device and Temperature Humidity Sensor, all dust concentration detectors, water monitoring device, video monitoring device and Temperature Humidity Sensor electrically connect with main frame, gather dust main frame and sprayer unit electrically connects with main frame.

Description

Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and its control method
Technical field
Improving system and its control method, especially construction site environmental monitoring the present invention relates to a kind of environmental monitoring improves Device and its control method.
Technical background
It is usually to be equiped with substantial amounts of water spray in the fixed buildings in construction site or surrounding ground in the prior art Device, depositing dust, dustproof function are played using the injection water of water injector.But this mode dust removing effects are bad, particularly pair PM2.5 does not have settlement action substantially, secondly because moisture evaporation needs regular water spray, increases cost, while form water Secondary pollution.
The mist droplet particle size of traditional water spray dust suppression is between 50 μm~300 μm, relative to hang time very length PM10 and following dust, the hang time of droplet is just very short, and dust will be seldom in the chance of space contact, coalescence, Simultaneously as mist droplet particle size is big, dropping process can form Tiny pore, and the dust of surrounding is squeezed, therefore anti-dust effect is poor, and Water loss is big, and each nozzle water loss is between 250kg/h~300kg/h.
The common construction site environmental monitoring installation system design of in the market is simple, and automation degree of integration is low, many to go back It is to be controlled using breaker, A.C. contactor, hot protective relay after hardware circuits such as, auxiliary reclays, in this case, connects Line is more, and wiring is complicated, and analog signalses are few, and function is few, and defencive function is simple, it is impossible to carry out information exchange, degree of intelligence is low, Through that far can not meet that the construction in the construction site needs of modernization, particularly green building building site needs.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are the common construction site environment prison of in the market be present for prior art Control apparatus system design simply, automation degree of integration is low, much or uses breaker, A.C. contactor, Thermal protection relay Device is after the control of the hardware circuits such as, auxiliary reclay, and in this case, wiring is more, and wiring is complicated, and analog signalses are few, and function is few, Defencive function is simple, it is impossible to carries out information exchange, degree of intelligence is low, far can not meet the construction site need of modernization Will, the problem of construction in particularly green building building site needs, there is provided a kind of construction site environmental monitoring improves device and its control Method processed.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of construction site environmental monitoring improves device, Powered by power supply, including main frame, equipment monitoring apparatus, telecommunication device, the main frame that gathers dust, sprayer unit and sensing system, The telecommunication device includes PC remote supervisory and control(ling) equipments and mobile phone on duty, and described PC remote supervisory and control(ling) equipments and mobile phone on duty are equal It is connected with described host communication, described equipment monitoring apparatus includes excavator detection device, slag-soil truck detection device and electricity Machine run detection device, excavator detection device, slag-soil truck detection device and motor operation detection device with described main frame Electrical connection, the sensing system include distribution be arranged on several dust concentration detectors of building-site, water monitoring device, Video monitoring device and Temperature Humidity Sensor, all dust concentration detectors, water monitoring device, video monitoring device and warm and humid Degree sensor electrically connects with described main frame, described to gather dust main frame and sprayer unit electrically connects with described main frame.System Unified denier detects the abnormal conditions of environment, will start alarm mode immediately, by sound, light and various communication tools by alarm signal Breath is sent to production management personnel.Meanwhile administrative staff can also pass through message search, web page browsing, Huo Zheyi using mobile phone The remote computer on ground, equipment or the various parameters and state of environment are checked, it is achieved thereby that the efficient early warning of equipment, unmanned value Keep, remote alarms.Collection, transmission, storage and the analytic function of data are realized for site environment and equipment actual state, it collects Into the collection of environment and equipment items factor signal, such as excavator, slag-soil truck, temperature-humidity signal, dust concentration signal, dust Granularity signal, wind velocity signal, gas composition monitoring signal etc. content, carried out automatically by functional module data collection, Transmission, storage and analysis, the actual state at scene is clearly understood for user, is given warning in advance, and carries out security protection work, and By GPRS wireless network real-time transmission datas, this set system both can be used alone, and can also coordinate such as dedusting of other systems Equipment or monitoring device are used.The system uses ultrasonic atomizatio shower nozzle, to ensure that suitable aqueous vapor decoction enters spray Head, what system was designed so as to, compression air strike system has air compressor machine and gas storage can system to produce, built-in solution pressure valve and pressure sensing For device to control tolerance and air pressure, water system carries out pipeline by external water source, sets pressure sensor to carry out water pressure monitoring, dust suppressant Drug liquid tube route medicine-chest, pipeline, measuring pump and pressure sensor composition, decoction and water through proportioning enter blender and filled Divide mixing, for mixed liquor by Pipeline transport into shower nozzle, all the sensors and motor pass through control line and host computer control system System connection, intelligent control can be carried out according to the parameter of setting, whole service process is without manual operation.
Preferably, described main frame includes control system, the live automatic control interface for receiving switching value, remote control Port, manual overvide, the first frequency converter, feed pump, the second frequency converter, air pump, air accumulator, reaction system and deposit system System, the control system are connected by receiving the live automatic control interface of switching value with equipment monitoring apparatus and sensing system Connect, the control system is connected by remote control port with telecommunication device, and the control system is also gathered dust with described Main frame is connected with sprayer unit, and the input of the sprayer unit is connected with stocking system, and the input of the sprayer unit is also Be connected with the output end of feed pump, the input of feed pump is connected with water source, the control terminal of feed pump by the first frequency converter with Control system is connected, and the output end of the feed pump is also connected with reaction system, and dust suppression medicament is equipped in the reaction system, The output end of the reaction system is connected by stocking system with sprayer unit, the gas circuit input of the reaction system with it is described The output end connection of air accumulator, the input of the air accumulator is connected with air pump, the control system by the second frequency converter and Described air pump electrical connection.
Preferably, the sprayer unit includes come in and go out vehicle sprayer unit, gate-type sprayer unit and tower crane spray equipment, Several live dust suppression shower nozzles are equipped on the discrepancy vehicle sprayer unit, gate-type sprayer unit and tower crane spray equipment, The live dust suppression shower nozzle connects with stocking system and feed pump.
Preferably, the live dust suppression shower nozzle is ultrasonic atomizatio shower nozzle.
Preferably, described control system is PLC control system.
Preferably, the reaction system internal memory is placed with dust suppression medicament, the dust suppression medicament is surface of material is formed heavily fortified point Gu, pliable sheath cohere type terpolymer and emulsion polymerization.
The present invention uses wireless telecommunication module, the intelligence control system design based on PLC, GRM200G and PLC is led to Cross 485 bus bars, you can pass through computer configuration software remote monitoring PLC.The communications protocol that GRM200G is supported includes west gate The general PLC agreements such as son, Mitsubishi, Schneider, Omron, standard MODBUS agreements and both at home and abroad various controller protocols, Can according to the equipment development communications protocol that client uses,
GRM200G is connected by RS485 with the controller or PLC of monitored device, reads the state of monitored device;
Configuration software passes through OPC interface, you can monitoring and control PLC operation, and recordable history alarm and historical data Deng key message.
Field data, monitoring of tools can be read in real time:The operation informations such as excavator, slag-soil truck, motor;
Environmental monitoring:By setting respective sensor, dust concentration monitoring, temperature-humidity monitoring, smoke monitoring, video are carried out Audio monitoring etc.;
Carry out collection, transmission, storage and the analysis of data automatically by functional module, clearly understand scene for user Actual state, give warning in advance, carry out security protection work, and by GPRS wireless network real-time transmission datas, data can be with Keep in real time, and the man-machine interface remote operation field apparatus of close friend can be passed through.Can be by network or SMS, any There is the place of network, field apparatus is operated, it is such as long-range to start and stop field apparatus, and real time inspection equipment state;
Each item data at scene by upper computer software, in any place for having network, can be read in real time, as temperature, Humidity, wind speed and direction, dust concentration, intake pressure and discharge pressure etc., while can generate and printing reports;
Can be with remote download PLC program, remote debugging equipment by wireless remote module;
Status of equipment can be received and checked in time by wireless remote module, scheduling field failure situation, improves production With the efficiency of maintenance.
A kind of construction site environmental monitoring improves apparatus control method, improves suitable for above-mentioned construction site environmental monitoring Device, comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and started, and control system obtains equipment monitoring apparatus and sensor The switching value of system, while telecommunication device remote monitoring Host Status;
Step 2:Dust suppression medicament is diluted according to setting, is loaded into spray modes parameter, when being set as transporting dust-proof, The matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament is 1%, surface area load 1-2L/m2, when being set as windproof, the matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament is 1%, surface area load 2L/m2
Step 3:Control system is according to algorithmDraw Single vehicle caused by building site emission quantity distribute the factor carry out building site emission quantity calculate in real time, in formula:E1 draws for single vehicle The building site emission quantity risen distributes the factor;P kicks up grit proportional numbers for diameter < 30um's, and corresponding stone road surface is 0.62, mud Soil surface is 0.32;S is surface fine ore percentage composition, and acquiescence value is 12%;V1 is the average speed that vehicle crosses building site, Unit is km/h;W is the number of days that precipitation is more than 0.254mm in 1 year;T is the average tire number of each car, and acquiescence takes 6;
Step 4:Control system is according to algorithm Road emission quantity caused by the single vehicle gone out distributes factor progress road emission quantity and calculated in real time, in formula:E2 causes for single vehicle Road emission quantity distribute the factor;V2 crosses the average speed of road, unit km/h for vehicle;U is drift speed, and acquiescence takes 5m/s;T is the average tire number of each car, and acquiescence takes 6;
Step 5:If the building site emission quantity calculated in real time is more than the threshold value of setting building site emission quantity or counted in real time The road emission quantity of calculation is more than the threshold value of road emission quantity, then control system is opened according to equipment monitoring apparatus, sensing system Pass is measured and building site emission quantity, road emission quantity select spray modes and performs sprinkling action until the Lu Qichen calculated in real time Amount is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling or building site emission quantity is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling;
Step 6:Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and resetted, and then solves pressure valve and starts, construction site environmental monitoring changes Stop after kind device decompression.
Preferably, in the step 5, construction site is divided, each region is individually set with corresponding threshold Value.
Preferably, also include wind-force threshold value and humidity threshold in described step five, if humidity value is less than wet in real time Threshold value is spent, while wind speed was more than wind-force threshold value at that time, the building site emission quantity calculated in real time is more than setting building site and plays dirt 80% or the road emission quantity that calculates in real time of the threshold value of amount are more than the 80% of the threshold value of setting road emission quantity, control system choosing Determine spray modes and perform sprinkling action until the road emission quantity calculated in real time is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling or builds work Ground emission quantity is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling.
Your airborne dust mathematical model of section's continuous heavy rain is advanced technology domestically leading at present, and model establishes most of building dust Surface moisture, granularity of dust and dust take off needed for minimum windspeed relation.Formula is:Q=f (w, d, vmin)
Wherein:W- dust surface moistures
D- dust aerodynamic sizes
vmin- dust takes off threshold wind velocity
The specific manifestation of different dust mode airborne dust mathematical modelings is various informative, but can qualitatively be described as dust emission It is inversely proportional with dust surface moisture and dust size, it is directly proportional to wind speed, namely when the timing of dust size one, airborne dust start wind Speed reduces with the increase of dust surface moisture;When the timing of surface moisture one, drift speed increases and reduced with particle diameter.Wherein For construction site, the relational expression between this three is:vmin=k × dn×(w×100)m
In formula:
K --- conversion coefficient, constant, general value 0.5~2.5, it can be given according to measured value;
N --- constant, general value 0.1~1.0, can give according to measured value;
M --- constant, general value 0.2~2.0, can give according to measured value;
W- dust surface moistures, %;
D- dust aerodynamic sizes, mm;
vmin- dust takes off threshold wind velocity, m/s;
Sprayed by using the dust suppressant containing micro- mist particle in dust region, promote little particle to enter with micro- mist particle Row combines to form bulky grain and settled, in combination with local environment wind speed and spraying time so that the dust settled passes through Control surface humidity is allowed to the dirt that do not recurred under certain wind speed, it is ensured that dust is all suppressed in zone of control, to reach drop Self raising flour dirt leaks the purpose of discharge.
Preferably, the spray modes also have rain-proof pattern and anti-auto-ignition combustion mode, when being set as rain-proof pattern, dust suppression The matched proportion density of medicament is 2% to 5%, surface area load 2L/m2, when being set as anti-spontaneous combustion, the matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament For 6% to 10%, surface area load 2L/m2
The present invention substantial effect be:The collection of data is realized for site environment and equipment actual state, transmits, deposit Storage and analytic function, it is integrated with the collection of environment and equipment items factor signal, as excavator, slag-soil truck, temperature-humidity signal, Dust concentration signal, dust granules degree signal, wind velocity signal, gas composition monitoring signal etc. content, by functional module certainly Dynamic collection, transmission, storage and the analysis for carrying out data, the actual state at scene is clearly understood for user, gives warning in advance, does Good security protection work, and both can be used alone by GPRS wireless network real-time transmission datas, this set system, and can also match somebody with somebody Other systems such as cleaner or monitoring device is closed to be used.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the system pie graph of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of host machine part in the present invention.
In figure:1st, main frame, 2, telecommunication device, 3, sensing system, 4, equipment monitoring apparatus, 5, gather dust main frame, 6, Sprayer unit, 7, power supply, 11, control system, 12, reaction system, 13, stocking system, the 14, first frequency converter, 15, feed pump, 16th, water source, the 17, second frequency converter, 18, air pump, 19, air accumulator, 21, manual overvide, 22, remote control port, 23, existing Field automatic control interface.
Embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, and with reference to accompanying drawing, technical scheme is described in further detail.
Embodiment:
A kind of construction site environmental monitoring improves device (referring to accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing 2), is powered by power supply 7, including main frame 1, Equipment monitoring apparatus 4, telecommunication device 2, the main frame 5 that gathers dust, sprayer unit 6 and sensing system 3, the telecommunication device Including PC remote supervisory and control(ling) equipments and mobile phone on duty, described PC remote supervisory and control(ling) equipments and mobile phone on duty with described host communication Connection, described equipment monitoring apparatus include excavator detection device, slag-soil truck detection device and motor operation detection device, dig Pick machine examination measurement equipment, slag-soil truck detection device and motor operation detection device electrically connect with described main frame, the sensor System includes several dust concentration detectors, water monitoring device, video monitoring device and the temperature that distribution is arranged on building-site Humidity sensor, all dust concentration detectors, water monitoring device, video monitoring device and Temperature Humidity Sensor with it is described Main frame electrical connection, it is described to gather dust main frame and sprayer unit electrically connects with described main frame.
Described main frame includes control system 11, the live automatic control interface 23 for receiving switching value, remote control port 22nd, manual overvide 21, the first frequency converter 14, feed pump 15, the second frequency converter 17, air pump 18, air accumulator 19, reaction system 12 and stocking system 13, the control system is by receiving the live automatic control interface and equipment monitoring apparatus and biography of switching value Sensor system is connected, and the control system is connected by remote control port with telecommunication device, the control system also with The described main frame that gathers dust is connected with sprayer unit, and the input of the sprayer unit is connected with stocking system, the sprayer unit Input be also connected with the output end of feed pump, the input of feed pump is connected with water source 16, and the control terminal of feed pump passes through First frequency converter is connected with control system, and the output end of the feed pump is also connected with reaction system, is matched somebody with somebody in the reaction system Provided with dust suppression medicament, the output end of the reaction system is connected by stocking system with sprayer unit, the gas of the reaction system Road input is connected with the output end of the air accumulator, and the input of the air accumulator is connected with air pump, and the control system is led to The second frequency converter is crossed to electrically connect with described air pump.
The sprayer unit includes come in and go out vehicle sprayer unit, gate-type sprayer unit and tower crane spray equipment, the discrepancy Several live dust suppression shower nozzles, the scene are equipped on vehicle sprayer unit, gate-type sprayer unit and tower crane spray equipment Dust suppression shower nozzle connects with stocking system and feed pump.
The live dust suppression shower nozzle is ultrasonic atomizatio shower nozzle.
Described control system is PLC control system.
The reaction system internal memory is placed with dust suppression medicament, and the dust suppression medicament is firm, flexible outer to form surface of material Shell coheres type terpolymer and emulsion polymerization.
A kind of construction site environmental monitoring improves apparatus control method, improves suitable for above-mentioned construction site environmental monitoring Device, comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and started, and control system obtains equipment monitoring apparatus and sensor The switching value of system, while telecommunication device remote monitoring Host Status;
Step 2:Dust suppression medicament is diluted according to setting, is loaded into spray modes parameter, when being set as transporting dust-proof, The matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament is 1%, surface area load 1-2L/m2, when being set as windproof, the matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament is 1%, surface area load 2L/m2
Step 3:Control system is according to algorithmDraw Single vehicle caused by building site emission quantity distribute the factor carry out building site emission quantity calculate in real time, in formula:E1 draws for single vehicle The building site emission quantity risen distributes the factor;P kicks up grit proportional numbers for diameter < 30um's, and corresponding stone road surface is 0.62, mud Soil surface is 0.32;S is surface fine ore percentage composition, and acquiescence value is 12%;V1 is the average speed that vehicle crosses building site, Unit is km/h;W is the number of days that precipitation is more than 0.254mm in 1 year;T is the average tire number of each car, and acquiescence takes 6;
Step 4:Control system is according to algorithm Road emission quantity caused by the single vehicle gone out distributes factor progress road emission quantity and calculated in real time, in formula:E2 causes for single vehicle Road emission quantity distribute the factor;V2 crosses the average speed of road, unit km/h for vehicle;U is drift speed, and acquiescence takes 5m/s;T is the average tire number of each car, and acquiescence takes 6;
Step 5:If the building site emission quantity calculated in real time is more than the threshold value of setting building site emission quantity or counted in real time The road emission quantity of calculation is more than the threshold value of road emission quantity, then control system is opened according to equipment monitoring apparatus, sensing system Pass is measured and building site emission quantity, road emission quantity select spray modes and performs sprinkling action until the road calculated in real time rises Dust quantity is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling or building site emission quantity is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling;
Step 6:Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and resetted, and then solves pressure valve and starts, construction site environmental monitoring changes Stop after kind device decompression.
In the step 5, construction site is divided, each region is individually set with corresponding threshold value.Described step Also include wind-force threshold value and humidity threshold in rapid five, if humidity value is less than humidity threshold in real time, while wind speed was more than wind at that time Force threshold, the building site emission quantity that calculates in real time are more than the 80% of the threshold value of setting building site emission quantity or calculated in real time Road emission quantity is more than the 80% of the threshold value of setting road emission quantity, and control system selectes spray modes and performs sprinkling action directly It is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling to the road emission quantity calculated in real time or building site emission quantity is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling. The spray modes also have rain-proof pattern and anti-auto-ignition combustion mode, and when being set as rain-proof pattern, the matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament is 2% to 5%, surface area load 2L/m2, when being set as anti-spontaneous combustion, the matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament is 6% to 10%, surface Product load 2L/m2
Embodiment described above is a kind of preferable scheme of the present invention, not the present invention is made any formal Limitation, there are other variants and remodeling on the premise of without departing from the technical scheme described in claim.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of construction site environmental monitoring improves device, powered by power supply, it is characterised in that filled including main frame, monitoring of tools Put, telecommunication device, the main frame that gathers dust, sprayer unit and sensing system, the telecommunication device include PC remote monitorings Equipment and mobile phone on duty, described PC remote supervisory and control(ling) equipments and mobile phone on duty are connected with described host communication, and described sets Standby supervising device includes excavator detection device, slag-soil truck detection device and motor operation detection device, excavator detection device, Slag-soil truck detection device and motor operation detection device are electrically connected with described main frame, and the sensing system is set including distribution Several dust concentration detectors, water monitoring device, video monitoring device and the Temperature Humidity Sensor in building-site are put, is owned Dust concentration detector, water monitoring device, video monitoring device and Temperature Humidity Sensor electrically connected with described main frame, institute State gather dust main frame and sprayer unit electrically connects with described main frame;
The main frame runs following control method:
Step 1:Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and started, and control system obtains equipment monitoring apparatus and sensing system Switching value, while telecommunication device remote monitoring Host Status;
Step 2:Dust suppression medicament is diluted according to setting, is loaded into spray modes parameter, when being set as transporting dust-proof, dust suppression The matched proportion density of medicament is 1%, surface area load 1-2L/m2, when being set as windproof, the matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament is 1%, Surface area load 2L/m2
Step 3:Control system is according to algorithmThe list drawn Building site emission quantity caused by car, which distributes the factor, to carry out building site emission quantity and calculates in real time, in formula:E1 is caused by single vehicle Building site emission quantity distributes the factor;P kicks up grit proportional numbers for diameter < 30um's, and corresponding stone road surface is 0.62, muddy and ruthed lane Face is 0.32;S is surface fine ore percentage composition, and acquiescence value is 12%;V1 crosses the average speed in building site, unit for vehicle For km/h;W is the number of days that precipitation is more than 0.254mm in 1 year;T is the average tire number of each car, and acquiescence takes 6;
Step 4:Control system is according to algorithmDraw Road emission quantity caused by single vehicle distributes factor progress road emission quantity and calculated in real time, in formula:E2 is road caused by single vehicle Road emission quantity distributes the factor;V2 crosses the average speed of road, unit km/h for vehicle;U is drift speed, and acquiescence takes 5m/ s;T is the average tire number of each car, and acquiescence takes 6;
Step 5:If the building site emission quantity that calculates in real time is more than the threshold value of setting building site emission quantity or calculated in real time Road emission quantity is more than the threshold value of road emission quantity, then control system is according to the switching value of equipment monitoring apparatus, sensing system Spray modes are selected with building site emission quantity, road emission quantity and perform sprinkling action until the road emission quantity calculated in real time is small It is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling in the setting value or building site emission quantity for stopping sprinkling;
Step 6:Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and resetted, and then solves pressure valve and starts, construction site environmental monitoring improves dress Stop after putting decompression.
2. construction site environmental monitoring according to claim 1 improves device, it is characterised in that:Described main frame includes control System processed, the live automatic control interface for receiving switching value, remote control port, manual overvide, the first frequency converter, feedwater Pump, the second frequency converter, air pump, air accumulator, reaction system and stocking system, the control system is by receiving the scene of switching value Automatic control interface is connected with equipment monitoring apparatus and sensing system, and the control system is by remote control port and remotely Communication apparatus connects, and the control system also gathers dust main frame and sprayer unit is connected, the input of the sprayer unit with described End be connected with stocking system, the input of the sprayer unit is also connected with the output end of feed pump, the input of feed pump and Water source is connected, and the control terminal of feed pump is connected by the first frequency converter with control system, the output end of the feed pump also with instead Answer system to connect, dust suppression medicament is equipped in the reaction system, the output end of the reaction system passes through stocking system and spray Mist device is connected, and the gas circuit input of the reaction system is connected with the output end of the air accumulator, the input of the air accumulator End is connected with air pump, and the control system is electrically connected by the second frequency converter with described air pump.
3. construction site environmental monitoring according to claim 2 improves device, it is characterised in that:The sprayer unit includes Come in and go out vehicle sprayer unit, gate-type sprayer unit and tower crane spray equipment, the discrepancy vehicle sprayer unit, gate-type sprayer unit Be equipped with several live dust suppression shower nozzles on tower crane spray equipment, the live dust suppression shower nozzle with stocking system and feedwater Pump connects.
4. construction site environmental monitoring according to claim 3 improves device, it is characterised in that:The live dust suppression shower nozzle It is ultrasonic atomizatio shower nozzle.
5. construction site environmental monitoring according to claim 2 improves device, it is characterised in that:Described control system is PLC control system.
6. construction site environmental monitoring according to claim 2 improves device, it is characterised in that:The reaction system internal memory It is placed with dust suppression medicament, the dust suppression medicament is to form surface of material firm, pliable sheath to cohere type terpolymer and height Molecularly Imprinted Polymer emulsion.
7. a kind of construction site environmental monitoring improves apparatus control method, suitable for the construction site environment described in claim 6 Monitoring improves device, it is characterised in that comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and started, and control system obtains equipment monitoring apparatus and sensing system Switching value, while telecommunication device remote monitoring Host Status;
Step 2:Dust suppression medicament is diluted according to setting, is loaded into spray modes parameter, when being set as transporting dust-proof, dust suppression The matched proportion density of medicament is 1%, surface area load 1-2L/m2, when being set as windproof, the matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament is 1%, Surface area load 2L/m2
Step 3:Control system is according to algorithmThe list drawn Building site emission quantity caused by car, which distributes the factor, to carry out building site emission quantity and calculates in real time, in formula:E1 is caused by single vehicle Building site emission quantity distributes the factor;P kicks up grit proportional numbers for diameter < 30um's, and corresponding stone road surface is 0.62, muddy and ruthed lane Face is 0.32;S is surface fine ore percentage composition, and acquiescence value is 12%;V1 crosses the average speed in building site, unit for vehicle For km/h;W is the number of days that precipitation is more than 0.254mm in 1 year;T is the average tire number of each car, and acquiescence takes 6;
Step 4:Control system is according to algorithmDraw Road emission quantity caused by single vehicle distributes factor progress road emission quantity and calculated in real time, in formula:E2 is road caused by single vehicle Road emission quantity distributes the factor;V2 crosses the average speed of road, unit km/h for vehicle;U is drift speed, and acquiescence takes 5m/ s;T is the average tire number of each car, and acquiescence takes 6;
Step 5:If the building site emission quantity that calculates in real time is more than the threshold value of setting building site emission quantity or calculated in real time Road emission quantity is more than the threshold value of road emission quantity, then control system is according to the switching value of equipment monitoring apparatus, sensing system Spray modes are selected with building site emission quantity, road emission quantity and perform sprinkling action until the road emission quantity calculated in real time is small It is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling in the setting value or building site emission quantity for stopping sprinkling;
Step 6:Construction site environmental monitoring improves device and resetted, and then solves pressure valve and starts, construction site environmental monitoring improves dress Stop after putting decompression.
8. construction site environmental monitoring according to claim 7 improves apparatus control method, it is characterised in that:The step In five, construction site is divided, each region is individually set with corresponding threshold value.
9. construction site environmental monitoring according to claim 8 improves apparatus control method, it is characterised in that:Described step Also include wind-force threshold value and humidity threshold in rapid five, if humidity value is less than humidity threshold in real time, while wind speed was more than wind at that time Force threshold, the building site emission quantity that calculates in real time are more than the 80% of the threshold value of setting building site emission quantity or calculated in real time Road emission quantity is more than the 80% of the threshold value of setting road emission quantity, and control system selectes spray modes and performs sprinkling action directly It is less than the setting value for stopping sprinkling to the road emission quantity calculated in real time or building site emission quantity is less than the setting for stopping sprinkling Value.
10. construction site environmental monitoring according to claim 7 improves apparatus control method, it is characterised in that:The spray Spilling pattern also has rain-proof pattern and anti-auto-ignition combustion mode, when being set as rain-proof pattern, the matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament for 2% to 5%, surface area load 2L/m2, when being set as anti-auto-ignition combustion mode, the matched proportion density of dust suppression medicament is 6% to 10%, surface area Load 2L/m2
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