CN105090971A - Garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105090971A
CN105090971A CN201510566100.5A CN201510566100A CN105090971A CN 105090971 A CN105090971 A CN 105090971A CN 201510566100 A CN201510566100 A CN 201510566100A CN 105090971 A CN105090971 A CN 105090971A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
incinerator
air
combustion chamber
admission hole
exhaust pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510566100.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Xiumei Zhuangxiang Energy Environmental Protection Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangxi Xiumei Zhuangxiang Energy Environmental Protection Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Xiumei Zhuangxiang Energy Environmental Protection Co Ltd filed Critical Guangxi Xiumei Zhuangxiang Energy Environmental Protection Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510566100.5A priority Critical patent/CN105090971A/en
Publication of CN105090971A publication Critical patent/CN105090971A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a garbage incinerator. The garbage incinerator comprises a first incinerator body, a second incinerator body, a draught fan, an air inducing portion and a smoke exhaust pipe, and is provided with a feeding opening and a slag discharging opening. The garbage incinerator is provided with the first incinerator body used for burning solid garbage, the second incinerator body used for burning gas decomposed out when the solid garbage is burnt, and the air inducing portion and the draught fan, and the air inducing portion and the draught fan induces air into the first incinerator body, the second incinerator body and the smoke exhaust pipe, so that fresh intake charge of the garbage incinerator is increased, the burning efficiency and temperature of the garbage incinerator are improved, the temperature in the garbage incinerator is made to reach 950-1100 DEG C and reach the decomposition temperature of dioxin, and emission of dioxin is reduced. Incomplete burning gas diffuses towards the two sides at a lower throat after entering a second burning chamber, reflows to the middle at a fire stopping gas inlet portion under the influence of a hollow circular truncated cone and flows back to the first incinerator body, so that the incomplete burning gas and air are mixed sufficiently, and the burning efficiency of the incomplete burning gas is improved.

Description

A kind of incinerator
[technical field]
The invention belongs to a kind of stove and accessory, particularly a kind of incinerator.
[background technology]
Along with the development of society, the quality of life of people is become better and better, the thing followed is then a large amount of house refuse, current normally used trash processing way has following two kinds: one adopts garbage loading embeading technology, but, along with the minimizing gradually of urban land, people are also finding the scheme substituting garbage loading embeading technology; Another kind of mode is exactly burning domestic garbage, house refuse produces a large amount of toxic gases when burning, and house refuse is due to of a great variety, the density of combustible wherein, shape, chemical property, burning special efficacy are all different, therefore in the middle of common burning mode, many combustibles all can not Thorough combustion, and produce a large amount of black smokes and pernicious gas unburnt, the health of atmosphere pollution and harm humans simultaneously.In addition, the life that a large amount of foul smell affects surrounding resident can be produced in the open when rubbish burns.
, bioxin system one class extremely toxic substance in the pernicious gas produced in waste incineration, its toxicity is equivalent to 130 times of the extremely toxic substance cyanide that people know, 900 times of arsenic.Be discharged into bioxin in atmospheric environment can be adsorbed on particle, be deposited to water body and soil, then enter human body by the enrichment of food chain.Its generation be due to temperature when using common mode to carry out waste incineration is lower and bioxin the duration too shortly causes in high temperature environments.
[summary of the invention]
In view of above problem, be necessary that the stink providing a kind of incinerator to be used for when preventing incineration firing fills the air, and can decompose producing during burning bioxin.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: a kind of incinerator, and described incinerator comprises the first body of heater, the second body of heater, blower fan, air inducing portion and smoke exhaust pipe, and is provided with spout and slag-drip opening; Described first body of heater comprises urceolus, inner core, hollow sealing part and base plate; Described inner core is arranged on outer barrel, and described base plate is arranged on the bottom surface of described inner core and described urceolus; Described hollow sealing part offers through hole, and connects the top of described inner core and described urceolus; Described inner core inside is the first combustion chamber, and surrounds into space of taking a breath together with described urceolus, described hollow sealing part and described base plate; Described inner core lower sidewall and top offer the first air admission hole, the second air admission hole respectively, and described slag-drip opening is arranged on described first bottom of furnace body, and with described first combustion chamber; Described second body of heater comprises cylindrical shell and blocks fiery intake section; Described inner barrel is the second combustion chamber, and one end is communicated with described smoke exhaust pipe, and the other end is communicated with described inner core by described through hole; Describedly block fiery intake section and comprise hollow round table, cored slab and connecting wall, outer rim is connected with described cylindrical shell, and inner side offers exhaust duct; The miner diameter end of described hollow round table points to the first body of heater, and coaxial with described urceolus; Described connecting wall connects the interior edge of described hollow round table miner diameter end and described cored slab, and offers the 3rd air admission hole; Air channel is offered between described hollow round table and described cored slab; Described 3rd air admission hole is communicated with described air channel and described exhaust duct; Point to along described smoke exhaust pipe on the direction of described first body of heater, described cored slab, described hollow round table are arranged in order; Described air inducing portion is communicated with described first air admission hole, the second air admission hole and the 3rd air admission hole; The fresh air that described blower fan sucks can pass described first air admission hole, the second air admission hole and the 3rd air admission hole and enter described first combustion chamber and the second combustion chamber.
Further, described cored slab is offered porose, and perpendicular to the axis of described cylindrical shell; Described connecting wall connects described bore edges and described hollow round table miner diameter end, and the diameter of described hollow round table miner diameter end is greater than or equal to the diameter in described hole.
Further, the bottom of described cylindrical shell is provided with lower reducing; Described lower reducing is connected with described first body of heater top and is communicated with the first combustion chamber and the second combustion chamber.
Further, the top of described cylindrical shell is provided with reducing, and described upper reducing is connected with described smoke exhaust pipe and is communicated with described second combustion chamber and smoke exhaust pipe.
Further, described urceolus, described inner core, described cylindrical shell, described hollow round table, described hole, described smoke exhaust pipe are coaxial.
Further, on the axis direction of described hollow round table, described 3rd air admission hole axis is towards the first body of heater lopsidedness in the plane perpendicular to described hollow round table axis, and described 3rd air admission hole axis tilts towards the tangential direction of the position on the connecting wall of place.
Further, described spout bottom surface is tilted to down towards the central axis direction of described second body of heater, and to make feed end high, discharge end is low.
Further, described smoke exhaust pipe comprises smoke exhaust pipe body and rain cover, and the bottom of described smoke exhaust pipe body is communicated with described cylindrical shell, and described rain cover is arranged on described smoke exhaust pipe bodies top.
Further, the exhaust outlet of described blower fan is communicated with described ventilation space, in order to fresh air is entered described first combustion chamber, the second combustion chamber and described air channel by described ventilation space, described air inducing portion.
Further, the exhaust outlet of described blower fan is communicated with described air inducing portion, in order to fresh air is entered described first combustion chamber, the second combustion chamber and described air channel by described air inducing portion, ventilation space.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
The present invention is used for the first body of heater of burning solid rubbish, the second body of heater of gas for decompositing during burning solid incineration firing by arranging, and be provided with air inducing portion and fresh air is introduced the first body of heater, the second body of heater and smoke exhaust pipe by blower fan, add the fresh charge of incinerator, improve efficiency of combustion and the temperature of incinerator, the temperature in incinerator is made to reach 950 DEG C ~ 1100 DEG C, reach the decomposition temperature of bioxin, greatly reduce the discharge of bioxin.Simultaneously, unburnt gas spreads to both sides in described lower reducing place after entering described second combustion chamber 23, described block fiery intake section place due to described hollow round table impact to intermediate reflux and to first body of heater flow backwards, and then unburnt gas is fully mixed with air, improve the efficiency of combustion of unburnt gas.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of incinerator of the present invention.
Main element symbol description
Incinerator 100 First body of heater 1 Urceolus 11
Inner core 12 First air admission hole 121 Second air admission hole 122
Base plate 13 Hollow sealing part 14 Through hole 141
Bracing frame 15 First combustion chamber 16 Ventilation space 17
Cylindrical shell 21 Lower reducing 211 Upper reducing 212
Block fiery intake section 22 Connecting wall 221 3rd air admission hole 222
Air channel 223 Hollow round table 224 Cored slab 225
Hollow plate hole 2251 Second combustion chamber 23 Exhaust duct 24
Smoke exhaust pipe 3 Smoke exhaust pipe body 31 Rain cover 32
Air inducing portion 4 Blower fan 5 Spout 6
Slag-drip opening 7 Lid 71
Following detailed description of the invention will further illustrate the present invention in conjunction with above-mentioned accompanying drawing.
[detailed description of the invention]
Refer to Fig. 1, in a better embodiment of the present invention, an incinerator 100 comprises one first body of heater 1,1 second body of heater 2, smoke exhaust pipe 3, air inducing portion 4 and a blower fan 5, and is provided with spout 6 and a slag-drip opening 7.
Described first body of heater 1 comprises urceolus 11, inner core 12, base plate 13, hollow sealing part 14 and three bracing frames 15.The bottom of described inner core 12 sidewall offers circle first air admission hole 121, and top offers circle second air admission hole 122.Described base plate 13 is arranged on the bottom of described urceolus 11, described inner core 12, and described hollow sealing part 14 offers through hole 141, and connects the top of described inner core 12 and described urceolus 11.Described inner core 12 inside is the first combustion chamber 16; Described urceolus 11, described inner core 12, described base plate 13 and described hollow sealing part 14 surround into a ventilation space 17 together.Described urceolus 11 is coaxial with described inner core 12.Described slag-drip opening 7 is arranged on the sidewall bottom described first body of heater 1, is communicated with, and is provided with lid 71 with described first combustion chamber 16.Described three bracing frames 15 are evenly arranged on the sidewall of described urceolus 11, for supporting described incinerator 100.
Described second body of heater 2 comprises a cylindrical shell 21 and and blocks fiery intake section 22.Described cylindrical shell 21 inside is the second combustion chamber 23, and two ends are respectively arranged with reducing 212, lower reducing 211.Described lower reducing 211 is connected with described first body of heater 1 top and is communicated with the first combustion chamber 16 and the second combustion chamber 23.Described upper reducing 212 is connected with described smoke exhaust pipe 3 and is communicated with described second combustion chamber 23 and described smoke exhaust pipe 3 by described through hole 141.Describedly block fiery intake section 22 outer rim and be connected with described cylindrical shell 21, inner side offers exhaust duct 24, and on the connecting wall 221 round described exhaust duct 24, offer a circle the 3rd air admission hole 222.Describedly block fiery intake section 22 inside and be provided with an air channel 223; Described 3rd air admission hole 222 is communicated with described air channel 223 and described exhaust duct 24.In the middle of the present embodiment, described in block fiery intake section 22 inside and be provided with an air channel 223; Described 3rd air admission hole 222 is communicated with described air channel 223 and described exhaust duct 24.In the middle of the present embodiment, described in block fiery intake section 22 and comprise hollow round table 224, cored slab 225 and a described connecting wall 221; Described hollow round table 224 miner diameter end points to the first body of heater 1, and coaxial with described urceolus 11, described inner core 12; Described cored slab 225 offers porose 2251, and perpendicular to the axis of described cylindrical shell 21; Described connecting wall 221 connects described edge, hole 2251 and described hollow round table 224 miner diameter end, and the diameter of described hollow round table 224 miner diameter end is greater than or equal to the diameter in described hole 2251; Described air channel 223 is offered between described hollow round table 224 and described cored slab 225; Described connecting wall 221 connects the interior edge of described hollow round table 224 miner diameter end and described cored slab 225, and offers described 3rd air admission hole 222; Described 3rd air admission hole 222 is communicated with described air channel 223 and described exhaust duct 24; Described spout 6 is connected with bottom described second body of heater 2, and described spout 6 bottom surface is tilted to down towards the central axis direction of described second body of heater 2, and to make feed end high, discharge end is low.Preferably, on the axis direction of described hollow round table 224, described 3rd air admission hole 222 axis is towards described first body of heater 1 lopsidedness; In the plane perpendicular to described hollow round table 224 axis, described 3rd air admission hole 222 axis tilts towards the tangential direction of the position on place connecting wall 221.In another embodiment of the present invention, described hollow sealing portion 14 is the extension of described lower reducing 211, and described lower reducing 211 miner diameter end is connected with described inner core 12, and sidewall or the bigger diameter end of described urceolus 11 and described lower reducing 211 are connected.
Described smoke exhaust pipe 3 comprises smoke exhaust pipe body 31 and rain cover 32, and the bottom of described smoke exhaust pipe body 31 is communicated with described cylindrical shell 21, and described rain cover 32 is arranged on the top of described smoke exhaust pipe 3.Especially, described urceolus 11, described inner core 12, described cylindrical shell 21, described hollow round table 224, described hole 2251, described smoke exhaust pipe body 31 are coaxial.
Described air inducing portion 4 is hollow pipeline, and is communicated with described ventilation space 17 and described air channel 223.Described blower fan 5 is arranged on the first body of heater 1, the exhaust outlet of described blower fan 5 is communicated with described urceolus 11, in order to by fresh air by described ventilation space 17, described air inducing portion 4, through described first air admission hole 121, second air admission hole 122, the 3rd air admission hole 222, enter described first combustion chamber 16 and described air channel 223.In the middle of another embodiment of the present invention, the exhaust outlet of described blower fan is communicated with described air inducing portion 4.
During use, rubbish is poured into described incinerator 100 from spout 6, rubbish falls into the inner core 12 of described first body of heater 1 along described spout 6, then blower fan 5 air feed is opened, charcoal and gasoline is used to light rubbish, along with increasing gradually and the increase of intake air temperature of furnace temperature, the moisture in rubbish is evaporated gradually, therefore need not add charcoal again and gasoline rubbish all can burn away.Solid decomposites a large amount of unburnt gas when burning in described first combustion chamber 16, can again burn during the air that these unburnt gas run into described second air admission hole 122 in described second combustion chamber 23, described 3rd air admission hole 222 sprays.Because described 3rd air admission hole 222 tangentially enters described second combustion chamber 23, eddy current can be formed in described second combustion chamber 23; And unburnt gas spreads to both sides at described lower reducing 211 place after entering described second combustion chamber 23, described block fiery intake section 22 place due to described hollow round table 224 impact to intermediate reflux, and then unburnt gas is fully mixed with air, improve the efficiency of combustion of unburnt gas.Meanwhile, because the temperature of described second combustion chamber 23 reaches 950-1100 DEG C, produce bioxin in incineration firing process and be decomposed in described second combustion chamber 23, greatly reduce the discharge of bioxin.
Lime-ash after incineration firing drops in the bottom of the first body of heater 1, can be taken out by slag-drip opening 7.
The present invention is used for the first body of heater 1 of burning solid rubbish, the second body of heater 2 of gas for decompositing during burning solid incineration firing by arranging, and be provided with air inducing portion 4 and fresh air is introduced the first body of heater 1, second body of heater 2 and smoke exhaust pipe 3 by blower fan 5, add the fresh charge of incinerator 100, improve efficiency of combustion and the temperature of incinerator 100, the temperature in incinerator is made to reach 950 DEG C ~ 1100 DEG C, reach the decomposition temperature of bioxin, greatly reduce the discharge of bioxin.Simultaneously, unburnt gas spreads to both sides at described lower reducing 211 place after entering described second combustion chamber 23, fiery intake section 22 place the flowing backwards to impact from the first body of heater 1 to intermediate reflux due to described hollow round table 224 is blocked described, and then unburnt gas is fully mixed with air, improve the efficiency of combustion of unburnt gas
Above-mentioned explanation is the detailed description for the better possible embodiments of the present invention, but embodiment is also not used to limit patent claim of the present invention, the equal change completed under technical spirit suggested by all the present invention or modification are changed, and all should belong to the present invention and contain the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. an incinerator, is characterized in that: described incinerator comprises the first body of heater, the second body of heater, blower fan, air inducing portion and smoke exhaust pipe, and is provided with spout and slag-drip opening; Described first body of heater comprises urceolus, inner core, hollow sealing part and base plate; Described inner core is arranged on outer barrel, and described base plate is arranged on the bottom surface of described inner core and described urceolus; Described hollow sealing part offers through hole, and connects the top of described inner core and described urceolus; Described inner core inside is the first combustion chamber, and surrounds into space of taking a breath together with described urceolus, described hollow sealing part and described base plate; Described inner core lower sidewall and top offer the first air admission hole, the second air admission hole respectively, and described slag-drip opening is arranged on described first bottom of furnace body, and with described first combustion chamber; Described second body of heater comprises cylindrical shell and blocks fiery intake section; Described inner barrel is the second combustion chamber, and one end is communicated with described smoke exhaust pipe, and the other end is communicated with described inner core by described through hole; Describedly block fiery intake section and comprise hollow round table, cored slab and connecting wall, outer rim is connected with described cylindrical shell, and inner side offers exhaust duct; The miner diameter end of described hollow round table points to the first body of heater, and coaxial with described urceolus; Described connecting wall connects the interior edge of described hollow round table miner diameter end and described cored slab, and offers the 3rd air admission hole; Air channel is offered between described hollow round table and described cored slab; Described 3rd air admission hole is communicated with described air channel and described exhaust duct; Point to along described smoke exhaust pipe on the direction of described first body of heater, described cored slab, described hollow round table are arranged in order; Described air inducing portion is communicated with described first air admission hole, the second air admission hole and the 3rd air admission hole; The fresh air that described blower fan sucks can pass described first air admission hole, the second air admission hole and the 3rd air admission hole and enter described first combustion chamber and the second combustion chamber.
2. incinerator as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described cored slab is offered porose, and perpendicular to the axis of described cylindrical shell; Described connecting wall connects described bore edges and described hollow round table miner diameter end, and the diameter of described hollow round table miner diameter end is greater than or equal to the diameter in described hole.
3. incinerator as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: the bottom of described cylindrical shell is provided with lower reducing; Described lower reducing is connected with described first body of heater top and is communicated with the first combustion chamber and the second combustion chamber.
4. incinerator as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: the top of described cylindrical shell is provided with reducing, described upper reducing is connected with described smoke exhaust pipe and is communicated with described second combustion chamber and smoke exhaust pipe.
5. incinerator as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described urceolus, described inner core, described cylindrical shell, described hollow round table, described hole, described smoke exhaust pipe are coaxial.
6. incinerator as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: on the axis direction of described hollow round table, described 3rd air admission hole axis is towards the first body of heater lopsidedness in the plane perpendicular to described hollow round table axis, and described 3rd air admission hole axis tilts towards the tangential direction of the position on the connecting wall of place.
7. incinerator as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: described spout bottom surface is tilted to down towards the central axis direction of described second body of heater, and to make feed end high, discharge end is low.
8. incinerator as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described smoke exhaust pipe comprises smoke exhaust pipe body and rain cover, the bottom of described smoke exhaust pipe body is communicated with described cylindrical shell, and described rain cover is arranged on described smoke exhaust pipe bodies top.
9. as the incinerator as described in arbitrary in claim 1-8, it is characterized in that: the exhaust outlet of described blower fan is communicated with described ventilation space, in order to fresh air is entered described first combustion chamber, the second combustion chamber and described air channel by described ventilation space, described air inducing portion.
10. as the incinerator as described in arbitrary in claim 1-8, it is characterized in that: the exhaust outlet of described blower fan is communicated with described air inducing portion, in order to fresh air is entered described first combustion chamber, the second combustion chamber and described air channel by described air inducing portion, ventilation space.
CN201510566100.5A 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Garbage incinerator Pending CN105090971A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201510566100.5A CN105090971A (en) 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Garbage incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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CN201510566100.5A CN105090971A (en) 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Garbage incinerator

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CN105090971A true CN105090971A (en) 2015-11-25

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03274309A (en) * 1990-03-23 1991-12-05 Nippon Puraiburiko Kk Incinerator for polymer material to be incinerated
JPH08159427A (en) * 1994-12-07 1996-06-21 Ariake Kogyo:Kk Incinerator
CN1131956C (en) * 1996-01-31 2003-12-24 三洋电机株式会社 Low nitrogen oxide burner and control method for exhausting gas recycle
JP2005090920A (en) * 2003-09-19 2005-04-07 Union:Kk Water gas incinerator
CN201507930U (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-06-16 白世义 Straight-line destructor
CN102818256A (en) * 2012-09-18 2012-12-12 曾巨泓 Combustor for gasification combustion of biomass formed particles
CN205065731U (en) * 2015-09-08 2016-03-02 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Garbage incinerator

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03274309A (en) * 1990-03-23 1991-12-05 Nippon Puraiburiko Kk Incinerator for polymer material to be incinerated
JPH08159427A (en) * 1994-12-07 1996-06-21 Ariake Kogyo:Kk Incinerator
CN1131956C (en) * 1996-01-31 2003-12-24 三洋电机株式会社 Low nitrogen oxide burner and control method for exhausting gas recycle
JP2005090920A (en) * 2003-09-19 2005-04-07 Union:Kk Water gas incinerator
CN201507930U (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-06-16 白世义 Straight-line destructor
CN102818256A (en) * 2012-09-18 2012-12-12 曾巨泓 Combustor for gasification combustion of biomass formed particles
CN205065731U (en) * 2015-09-08 2016-03-02 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Garbage incinerator

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