CN105084665B - Wall surface outer-hanging type kitchen wastewater vertical purification system - Google Patents

Wall surface outer-hanging type kitchen wastewater vertical purification system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105084665B
CN105084665B CN201510503178.2A CN201510503178A CN105084665B CN 105084665 B CN105084665 B CN 105084665B CN 201510503178 A CN201510503178 A CN 201510503178A CN 105084665 B CN105084665 B CN 105084665B
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China
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tank
waste water
water
baffle
wastewater
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CN201510503178.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105084665A (en
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徐晓峰
王发园
王旭刚
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河南科技大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses a wall surface outer-hanging type kitchen wastewater vertical purification system, and in particular relates to a kitchen wastewater purification device comprising multiple wastewater treatment units arranged on an exterior wall of a tall building, wherein each wastewater treatment unit is used for treating the kitchen wastewater of residents of a corresponding floor respectively; an anaerobic water storage tank and a filter tank are arranged in each wastewater treatment unit; the anaerobic water storage tank comprises a closed tank body; the kitchen wastewater of the residents of the same floor are collected in a wastewater input pipeline by virtue of respective drainage pipelines and is delivered into the anaerobic water storage tank corresponding to the floor in a unified mode for anaerobic fermentation and preliminary residue-water separation; the wastewater treated by the anaerobic water storage tank is delivered into the filter tank by virtue of a wastewater output pipeline; the filter tank comprises a tank body with an open upper end, a cinder layer is paved in the tank body, and the wastewater entering the filter tank is purified after flowing through the cinder layer and is delivered to a tail water collecting pipe for discharging. The wall surface outer-hanging type kitchen wastewater vertical purification system disclosed by the invention can be used for realizing miniaturization and three-dimensional structure of purification systems while being capable of purifying the kitchen wastewater.

Description

Metope external hanging type kitchen waste water solid cleaning system

Technical field

The present invention relates to kitchen waste water purifier technical field, specially a kind of metope external hanging type kitchen waste water is three-dimensional net Change system.

Background technology

The miniaturization of artificial swamp and class constructed wetland sewage purification system, three-dimensional have become wastewater treatment in China skill The developing direction of art.The driving force that wastewater processing technology family oriented, miniaturization technology from the developed country such as America and Europe develop is different, China's development of small-scale, a very big reason of three-dimensional artificial sewage's treatment technology be people ground contradiction compared with American-European countries more Greatly.Traditional Man wetland floor space is big, and hydraulic detention time of the sewage in artificial swamp is long, although from terms of effluent quality, Artificial Wetland Techniques are a kind of efficient sewage purification technologies, but from terms of unit area sewage purification ability, artificial swamp Technology is a kind of sewage purification technology of inefficiency.Floor space big this shortcoming also obstacle Artificial Wetland Techniques in China Popularization.Overcome the defect that artificial swamp is intrinsic, realize artificial swamp three-dimensional, miniaturization, be that China is promoting artificial swamp With a problem during class artificial swamp sewage purification technology.

In terms of artificial swamp and class Constructed Wetland For Purifying technological innovation, China scientific worker has been made very big Effort.In general, three-dimensional, the developing direction of miniaturization technology are mainly reflected in two aspects:(1)To realize sewage purification The miniaturization of system itself, three-dimensional are main striving direction;(2)Fully to develop the untapped potential use work(of existing utility Can, realize that dual-use material is even multiplex, reach the target for not accounting for additional areas and realizing sewage purification.

Cao Huaying etc. devises a kind of sewage purification system constructed by ecology bag(201410083106.2), the system exists Technical is mainly technology prototype with surface current artificial wetland, but increased the matrix body stacked with packed matrix, be increased wet The space of ground plant growth, improves the purification function of system to a certain extent.Urban and rural planning design and research institute of Zhejiang Province proposes Stereoscopic landscape artificial wet land system(201410814992.1), its technology prototype is subsurface constructed wetland, with traditional undercurrent Artificial swamp is compared, and which employs helical form ledge structure, makes sewage purification system be easier to be merged with surrounding landscape, is drawn Distance closely between resident.The Landscape-type multifunctional three-dimensional artificial wetland of the propositions such as Zhao Liqun(201210395150.8)In structure On realize breakthrough, by Design of Constructed Wetland be floor shape, current is flowed layer by layer from top to bottom, reach The purpose for saving land.But what the stereoscopic artificial wetland of the propositions such as Zhao Liqun was followed in know-why is the technology of Traditional Man wetland Principle, therefore the requirement of its interlamellar spacing is very big, in 3-6m.This is primarily to adapt to the growth of wetland plant, and its artificial swamp Length-width ratio also in compliance with Traditional Man wetland commonly use 1:3 ratio.These design features so that the design volume is big, weight Weight.Due to interlayer light-shading effect, the comparing that this artificial swamp will be forced to make is narrow.Therefore this cleaning system is imitated in purification Fruit and efficiency of both coordinate on will be extremely difficult, relative parameters setting it is incorrect, it would be possible to be difficult to reach expection Effect.Although above-mentioned technical proposal varies in implementation, the general principle that it is followed all is that Traditional Man is wet Three kinds of typical structures on ground, due to Artificial Wetland Techniques technology restriction inherently, the reality in terms of miniaturization, three-dimensional Effect is still than relatively limited.

In life, external wall of house often with Boston ivy as green material application, by greening, both beautified outdoor environment, also for Interior provides nice and cool environment.External wall of house is a kind of undeveloped resources being seen everywhere, if it is possible to realize sewage purification The miniaturization of system, it is possible to design the kitchen waste water purification of a kind of miniaturization, three-dimensional as carrier by the use of external wall of house System.

Kitchen waste water with municipal comprehensive wastewater before mixing, although its composition is complicated, substantially with nontoxic aerobic thing Matter is constituted.From from the point of view of water environment protection, as long as aerobic substance, the phosphorus containg substances that can successfully go in water removal, just having can The harmless discharge of kitchen waste water can be realized.The ammonia of release is decomposed in kitchen waste water, can be converted into quickly under aerobic environment Nitrate nitrogen, and nitrate nitrogen is not intended as a kind of important controlling elements in water quality environment.Therefore, the above-mentioned spy based on kitchen waste water Levy, the application devises a kind of light weight, small volume, is easily achieved the cleaning system of aerobic environment, and is using high building exterior wall Carrier realizes the three-dimensional of cleaning system, while realizing that kitchen waste water is purified, realizes the small-sized of kitchen waste water cleaning system Change, three-dimensional.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of metope external hanging type kitchen waste water solid cleaning system, it can be useless to kitchen While water completes purification, miniaturization, the three-dimensional of cleaning system are realized.

To achieve the above object, the technical scheme is that:Metope external hanging type kitchen waste water solid cleaning system, including Multiple is arranged on the treatment unit for waste water on high building exterior wall, and each treatment unit for waste water is respectively for the kitchen of corresponding floor resident family Waste water is processed, and the waste water unification after each treatment unit for waste water treatment is collected in tail water collecting pipe and discharged, and tail water is collected Pipe is erect and is arranged on high building exterior wall, and an anaerobism water tank and a lautertuns are equipped with each treatment unit for waste water, is detested Oxygen water tank includes the tank body of a closing, and tank interior is provided with separating device for water with dregs, and the kitchen waste water of same floor resident family passes through Respective drainage pipeline is collected in a waste water input channel, and unification deliver in anaerobism water tank corresponding with the floor with Carry out anaerobic fermentation and preliminary pulp water is separated, the waste water after the treatment of anaerobism water tank delivers to lautertuns through waste water output channel Interior, lautertuns includes the open cell body in a upper end, and cinder layer is equipped with cell body, and the waste water entered into lautertuns is being flowed through Purification is completed after cinder layer, and the tail water output channel set from filtering trench bottom delivers to described tail water and collects tube side-by-side Put.

Described separating device for water with dregs includes two baffle upper plates and two chin spoilers that are arranged in tank body, on two Deflector is oblique and is symmetrical arranged, and the upper end of two baffle upper plates is separately positioned on tank body, and lower end is in mutually to draw close There is spacing, two chin spoilers are respectively parallel to two baffle upper plates and set, parallel setting between trend and both lower ends Baffle upper plate and chin spoiler between have gap, the lower end of two chin spoilers links together so as to form a water conservancy diversion Groove, less than the position where two chin spoiler upper ends, tank interior is by two for the position where two baffle upper plate lower ends Deflector and two chin spoilers are divided into upper and lower two-layer, and upper strata tank body is provided with waste gas escape orifice, from the defeated of tank body lower part setting The kitchen waste water that entrance enters in tank body through precipitation, anaerobic fermentation, and run up to it is a certain amount of after, floating object in waste water it is upper, Rise under the guiding of chin spoiler and be gathered in the corner between baffle upper plate and tank wall, and waste water through baffle upper plate and Gap between chin spoiler enters into tank body upper strata, and the overfall of the waste water output channel through being set in tank body upper strata enters In to waste water output channel and deliver to lautertuns.

Gap between the baffle upper plate and chin spoiler of the parallel setting is 5cm, two baffle upper plate lower ends it Between spacing be 20cm.

The overfall of the waste water output channel is set upward, and anti-slag cover is provided with above overfall, anti-slag cover It is the cover body of a lower ending opening.

The overfall is 5cm apart from the height of anti-slag cover upper end wall, and the circumferential side wall of anti-slag cover cover body is apart from overflow The horizontal range of waste water output channel is 5cm at mouthful.

The lautertuns is horizontally disposed with, and the thickness of cinder layer is 10cm in cell body.

Beneficial effect:Cleaning system of the invention by multiple treatment unit for waste water for being arranged on high building exterior wall, with point The other kitchen waste water to corresponding floor resident family is processed, and the waste water unification after each treatment unit for waste water treatment is collected in tail water Collecting pipe is interior and discharges.Each treatment unit for waste water carries out preliminary treatment by anaerobism water tank to kitchen waste water, by tank Be separated from water for floating object in kitchen waste water and come and removes by the upper and lower deflector for setting in vivo, and the dregs in waste water are in tank Internal natural subsidence removal, particulate matter and part aqueous organic matter in waste water are removed after being decomposed through anaerobic fermentation.

Lautertuns is introduced to through the kitchen waste water after anaerobism water tank preliminary treatment, by the cinder layer laid in lautertuns Absorption interception is carried out to the water-soluble organic pollutant in waste water and a small amount of particulate organic matter, after current outflow filter groove, The pollutant exposure of absorption in atmosphere, in oxygen-enriched environment, such that it is able to realize aerobic decomposition, finally realizes kitchen waste water Purification.

Cleaning system of the invention is arranged on high building exterior wall, is not take up additional areas, has both been realized to each floor kitchen The purification of waste water, realizes miniaturization, the three-dimensional of purifier again, has saved soil, and also house can be risen to a certain extent To the effect sheltered from heat or light, afforest.

Cleaning system simple structure of the invention, it is easy to safeguard, to the good purification of kitchen waste water, is not easily blocked, from And be conducive to the realization of clean-up effect, it is also beneficial to promote.The system is particularly suitable for carrying out dirt in the small town of rural area, village Water warfare.

Because the filler in lautertuns is made up of cinder, therefore purifier overall weight of the invention is light, can hang It is that purifier of the present invention realizes that three-dimensional provides the foundation mounted in external wall of house and other places.

Using purifier of the invention, the total release of domestic waste water is advantageously reduced, realization is defended lavatory waste water and individually received Collection, so as to improve the content of nutrient in the dirt of septic tank excrement, is conducive to realizing recycling to septic tank excrement dirt.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram that cleaning system of the invention is arranged on high building exterior wall.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of single treatment unit for waste water in invention cleaning system.

Marked in figure:1st, input port, 2, baffle upper plate, 3, chin spoiler, 4, waste gas escape orifice, 5, waste water efferent duct Road, 6, overfall, 7, anti-slag cover, 8, anaerobism water tank, 9, lautertuns, 10, cinder layer, 11, tail water collecting pipe.

Specific embodiment

As shown in figure 1, metope external hanging type kitchen waste water solid cleaning system, including multiple is arranged on giving up on high building exterior wall Unit for treating water, each treatment unit for waste water is processed for the kitchen waste water of corresponding floor resident family respectively, each wastewater treatment Waste water unification after cell processing is collected in tail water collecting pipe 11 and discharged, and tail water collecting pipe 11 is erect and is arranged on high building exterior wall On, an anaerobism water tank 8 and a lautertuns 9 are equipped with each treatment unit for waste water, anaerobism water tank 8 includes a closing Tank body, tank interior is provided with separating device for water with dregs, and the kitchen waste water of same floor resident family is collected by respective drainage pipeline In a waste water input channel, and unification is delivered in anaerobism water tank 8 corresponding with the floor to carry out anaerobic fermentation and first The pulp water of step is separated, and the waste water after the treatment of anaerobism water tank 8 is delivered in lautertuns 9 through waste water output channel 5, and lautertuns 9 includes The open cell body in one upper end, is equipped with cinder layer 10 in cell body, the waste water entered into lautertuns 9 flow through cinder layer 10 it Purification is completed afterwards, and the tail water output channel set from the bottom of lautertuns 9 is delivered to described tail water collecting pipe 11 and is discharged.According to Local water quality environment management requires that tail water collecting pipe 11 can be directly discharged in ground water environment, or introduces artificial swamp Further after the nitrate nitrogen in removal waste water, it is re-introduced into local surface drainage.

As shown in Fig. 2 described separating device for water with dregs includes two baffle upper plates 2 being arranged in tank body and is led under two Stream plate 3, two baffle upper plates 2 are oblique and are symmetrical arranged, and the upper end of two baffle upper plates 2 is separately positioned on tank body, In mutually drawing close with spacing between trend and both lower ends, two chin spoilers 3 are respectively parallel to two baffle upper plates 2 for lower end Set, there is gap between the baffle upper plate 2 and chin spoiler 3 of parallel setting, the lower end of two chin spoilers 3 is connected to one Rise so as to form a guiding gutter, the position where two lower ends of baffle upper plate 2 is less than the position where two upper ends of chin spoiler 3 Put, tank interior is upper and lower two-layer by two baffle upper plates 2 and two 3 points of chin spoilers, and upper strata tank body is provided with waste gas effusion Mouth 4, the kitchen waste water that the input port 1 set from tank body lower part enters in tank body runs up to a certain amount of through precipitation, anaerobic fermentation Afterwards, the angle that the floating object in waste water rises under the guiding of upper and lower deflector and is gathered between baffle upper plate 2 and tank wall In falling, and waste water enters into tank body upper strata through the gap between baffle upper plate 2 and chin spoiler 3, and is set through in tank body upper strata The overfall 6 of waste water output channel 5 enter into waste water output channel 5 and deliver to lautertuns 9.

Further, the overfall 6 of the waste water output channel 5 is set upward, and is provided with anti-in the top of overfall 6 Slag cover 7, anti-slag cover 7 is the cover body of a lower ending opening.Anti-slag cover 7 is used to prevent a small amount of floating object for entering tank body upper strata from entering useless Water delivery pipe road 5, can further increase the separating effect of floating object in waste water.

In specific implementation, the tank body of anaerobism water tank 8 may be designed as cylindric or cube like structure, and the present invention is with vertical Explanation as a example by cube shape structure.Tank body 100cm long, width 30cm, 60cm high, about 180 liters of volume open up waste gas at height 58cm Escape orifice 4, and the pvc pipe that internal diameter is 1cm is installed, to draw outside tank body, supply and discharge goes out waste gas.

In height to be respectively symmetrically two upper ends of baffle upper plate 2 of installation in the inner tank wall at 58cm, baffle upper plate 2 Lower end is concordant with 28cm height.The length of two baffle upper plates 2 is 50cm, and width is identical with tank body width, two upper water conservancy diversion The spacing of the lower end of plate 2 is 20cm.

The length of two chin spoilers 3 is 25cm, and both are bonded together lower end, and in tank body width Line.The sidepieces of the guiding gutters that two chin spoilers 3 are formed are arranged on tank body, chin spoiler 3 and the parallel installation of baffle upper plate 2, Gap between the baffle upper plate 2 and chin spoiler 3 of parallel setting is 5cm.

Anti-slag cover 7 is arranged at highly for 50cm, and its width is 20cm, is highly 15cm.Anti-slag cover 7 is lower ending opening Cover body, its shape of cross section can be circular or rectangle.The waste water output at overfall of the circumferential side wall of anti-slag cover cover body The horizontal range of pipeline 5 is 5cm.

Waste water output channel 5 uses internal diameter to be made for the pvc pipe of 10cm, and its overfall 6 is apart from the upper end wall of anti-slag cover 7 It is highly 5cm, and occupy the centre of anti-slag cover 7.

The input port 1 for being used to receive kitchen waste water is located at the 10cm of tank body height, and installs waste water input channel, waste water Input channel uses internal diameter to be made for the pvc pipe of 10cm.

Wherein, the overfall 6 is 5cm, the circumferential side wall of the cover body of anti-slag cover 7 apart from the height of the upper end wall of anti-slag cover 7 The horizontal range of waste water output channel 5 is 5cm at overfall 6.Between anti-slag cover 7 and waste water output channel 5 this highly It is more beneficial for preventing floating object from entering waste water output channel 5 with distance.

Gap between the baffle upper plate 2 and chin spoiler 3 of the parallel setting is 5cm, two lower ends of baffle upper plate 2 Between spacing be 20cm.The design of this two spacing causes that floating object is best with the separating effect of waste water.

Kitchen waste water is by after the preliminary treatment of anaerobism water tank 8, the dregs precipitation removal in waste water, floating object is divided Leave away and remove, particulate matter and part aqueous organic matter are decomposed through anaerobic fermentation and removed, remaining mainly water-soluble in waste water Property organic pollution, the waste water overflowed from the waste water output channel 5 of anaerobism water tank 8 cause lautertuns 9 carry out it is further net Change.

The width of lautertuns 9 is 30cm, is highly 20cm, and length can be configured as needed, and 6m is not shorter than typically, Filling 10cm thick cinder layer in groove, lautertuns is horizontally disposed with, i.e. both ends horizontal.Tail water after the preliminary treatment of anaerobism water tank 8 Lautertuns is first introduced with aqueduct, current flow to the cell body other end under the flow of water effect of self-assembling formation, in this process, by Some flows of water formed during lautertuns two ends do not have difference in height, flow of water head to rely solely on into water, therefore current phase To relatively slower, too fast lautertuns will not be flowed through.Water by after whole lautertuns, the water-soluble organic matter in water and a small amount of Grain organic matter is intercepted and adsorbed by cinder layer 10, so as to realize the purification of kitchen waste water.Due to household kitchen water be usually with What breakfast, lunch and dinner were produced together, therefore, as water for kitchen use terminates, the tail water in anaerobism water tank 8 also stops going successively to lautertuns 9, the cinder layer in lautertuns falls dry.In this course, the organic matter for being adsorbed on cinder layer is exposed in atmosphere, in oxygen-enriched Environment, such that it is able to obtain decomposing, purifying in the presence of aerobic microbiological, the phosphorus discharged in decomposable process is cinder layer institute It is fixed, removed;The nitrogen discharged in decomposable process is nitrified by nitrobacteria, is converted into nitrate nitrogen;Nitrate nitrogen part is micro- Outside biological fixation, it is out-of-date that major part is flowed through in water next time, and lautertuns is taken out of by current.Due to the thickness of cinder layer in lautertuns Control is conducive to the oxygen in air to be diffused into whole cinder layer in 10cm, so that whole cinder layer is in aerobic state, has Beneficial to the fast decoupled for ensureing organic matter.

Waterlogging drought-enduring plant can be planted in lautertuns, such as rye grass, bracketplant, on the one hand can strengthen what is beautified the environment Effect, absorption of the another aspect plant to nitrogen phosphorus helps further to improve the clean-up effect of system.It should be noted that mistake Plant in filter pocket it is not necessary to.

Claims (5)

1. metope external hanging type kitchen waste water solid cleaning system, it is characterised in that:It is arranged on including multiple useless on high building exterior wall Unit for treating water, each treatment unit for waste water is processed for the kitchen waste water of corresponding floor resident family respectively, each wastewater treatment Waste water unification after cell processing is collected in tail water collecting pipe and discharged, and tail water collecting pipe is erect and is arranged on high building exterior wall, An anaerobism water tank and a lautertuns are equipped with each treatment unit for waste water, anaerobism water tank includes the tank of a closing Body, tank interior is provided with separating device for water with dregs, and the kitchen waste water of same floor resident family collects in one by respective drainage pipeline In individual waste water input channel, and unification is delivered in anaerobism water tank corresponding with the floor to carry out anaerobic fermentation and preliminary slag Water is separated, and the waste water after the treatment of anaerobism water tank is delivered in lautertuns through waste water output channel, and lautertuns includes that a upper end opens The cell body of mouth, is equipped with cinder layer in cell body, the waste water entered into lautertuns completes to purify after cinder layer is flowed through, and from The tail water output channel that filtering trench bottom is set delivers to described tail water and collects tube side-by-side and puts;
Described separating device for water with dregs includes two baffle upper plates and two chin spoilers that are arranged in tank body, two upper water conservancy diversion Plate is oblique and is symmetrical arranged, and the upper end of two baffle upper plates is separately positioned on tank body, and lower end is in mutually to draw close trend And there is spacing between both lower ends, two chin spoilers are respectively parallel to two baffle upper plates and set, parallel setting it is upper There is gap, the lower end of two chin spoilers links together so as to form a guiding gutter between deflector and chin spoiler, Less than the position where two chin spoiler upper ends, tank interior is by two upper water conservancy diversion for position where two baffle upper plate lower ends Plate and two chin spoilers are divided into upper and lower two-layer, and upper strata tank body is provided with waste gas escape orifice, from the input port that tank body lower part is set Into the kitchen waste water in tank body through precipitation, anaerobic fermentation, and run up to it is a certain amount of after, the floating object in waste water is led upper and lower Rise and be gathered in the corner between baffle upper plate and tank wall under the guiding for flowing plate, and waste water is led through baffle upper plate with Gap between stream plate enters into tank body upper strata, and the waste water output channel through being set in tank body upper strata overfall enter into it is useless In water delivery pipe road and deliver to lautertuns.
2. metope external hanging type kitchen waste water as claimed in claim 1 solid cleaning system, it is characterised in that:It is described parallel to set Gap between the baffle upper plate and chin spoiler put is 5cm, and the spacing between two baffle upper plate lower ends is 20cm.
3. metope external hanging type kitchen waste water as claimed in claim 1 solid cleaning system, it is characterised in that:The waste water output The overfall of pipeline is set upward, and anti-slag cover is provided with above overfall, and anti-slag cover is the cover body of a lower ending opening.
4. metope external hanging type kitchen waste water as claimed in claim 3 solid cleaning system, it is characterised in that:The overfall away from It is 5cm, the water of circumferential side wall waste water output channel at overfall of anti-slag cover cover body from the height of anti-slag cover upper end wall Flat distance is 5cm.
5. metope external hanging type kitchen waste water as claimed in claim 1 solid cleaning system, it is characterised in that:The lautertuns water Flat to set, the thickness of cinder layer is 10cm in cell body.
CN201510503178.2A 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 Wall surface outer-hanging type kitchen wastewater vertical purification system CN105084665B (en)

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CN105084665B true CN105084665B (en) 2017-05-24

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA1038090A (en) * 1973-12-04 1978-09-05 Agrotechnika, Narodny Podnik, Podnikove Riaditelstvo Reactor for biological water treatment
CN101397170A (en) * 2008-10-24 2009-04-01 朱建峰 Sewage treatment apparatus
CN201538992U (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-08-04 张明 Total circulating system for cleaning waste water in and out floor
CN103936205A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-07-23 大连交通大学 Emulsion recycling, purifying and regenerating equipment and method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA1038090A (en) * 1973-12-04 1978-09-05 Agrotechnika, Narodny Podnik, Podnikove Riaditelstvo Reactor for biological water treatment
CN101397170A (en) * 2008-10-24 2009-04-01 朱建峰 Sewage treatment apparatus
CN201538992U (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-08-04 张明 Total circulating system for cleaning waste water in and out floor
CN103936205A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-07-23 大连交通大学 Emulsion recycling, purifying and regenerating equipment and method

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