CN105084644B - Mechanical and plant purification system for artificial culturing tail water - Google Patents

Mechanical and plant purification system for artificial culturing tail water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105084644B
CN105084644B CN201510422393.XA CN201510422393A CN105084644B CN 105084644 B CN105084644 B CN 105084644B CN 201510422393 A CN201510422393 A CN 201510422393A CN 105084644 B CN105084644 B CN 105084644B
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cleaning
break
sliding sleeve
axostylus axostyle
make sliding
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CN105084644A (en
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薛彬
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Zhejiang Marine Fisheries Research Institute
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Zhejiang Marine Fisheries Research Institute
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Abstract

The invention discloses a mechanical and plant purification system for artificial culturing tail water, and aims to provide the artificial culturing tail water mechanical and plant purification system capable of recycling aquaculture waste water. The system comprises a precipitation tank, an aeration tank, mechanical filter equipment, algae purification tank and an ozone disinfection tank, wherein the precipitation tank is communicated with the aeration tank; the mechanical filter equipment comprises a water pumping pipe, a water pump and a first draining pipe; one end of the water pumping pipeline is connected with the aeration tank, and the other end of the water pumping pipeline is connected with the water inlet of the water pump; the water inlet port of the first draining pipe is communicated with the water outlet of the water pump, and the water outlet port of the first draining pipe is connected with the algae purification tank; and the algae purification tank is communicated with the ozone disinfection tank.

Description

A kind of machinery of artificial cultivation tail water and plant purification system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aquatic particle cleaning plant, and in particular to a kind of machinery of artificial cultivation tail water and plant Cleaning system.
Background technology
In recent years, with the fast development of high density artificial cultivation and increasingly sharpening for breeding environment pollution so that Aquatic product Detergent power of the pollution level of breeding water body considerably beyond water body itself.Remaining feedstuff during manual acquiculture and The pollutant that Fish Excreta is formed cause water body self-pollution or even water quality deterioration, show as:Water body serious eutrophication, water In body, float increases, and the content of BOD, COD, nitrite nitrogen etc. increases, and dissolved oxygen declines.
Traditional aquiculture waste water processing mode is, after by cultivation shampoo discharge, to inject fresh water body;It is this Aquiculture waste water processing mode easily causes water pollution, and the lighter is produced not to the growth of aquatic economic animal, development, breeding Good impact;The microenvironment ecosystem of water body can be then destroyed when serious.Therefore, the process of aquiculture waste water and recycle by Gradually receive publicity.
On the other hand, current solid/liquid separation technique is primarily directed at the waste water of suspended solid removal in breeding wastewater Reason technology.The removal of suspended solid waste is the process of a solid/liquid separation, and which mainly includes following two separate modes:Weight Power separate mode and mechanical filter mode.Gravity Separation mode is that solid particulate matter is separated from liquid phase using gravity;Due to solid Body granule (i.e. the density of granule is big) different with the density of liquid phase, in the fluid column of geo-stationary, solid particulate matter is in gravity Effect is lower to there is deposition, so as to realize solid/liquid separation.
Mechanical filter mode is easy to use, be flexibly to remove the most quick, the economic method of suspended solids thing, it is It is used for carrying out the Main Means of solid/liquid separation in aquaculture system, which utilizes particle size spy of different sizes in liquid phase Point, with the drainage screen trapped particles thing of certain pore size, reaches the purpose for removing suspended solids thing.Although mechanical filter mode It is easy to use, flexible;But current mechanical filter unit is during filter suspended solids particulate matter, suspended solids thing It is gathered in substantial amounts of in filtration layer surface, easily filter layer is blocked, and causes filter layer to fail so that filter efficiency drops The problem that low, filter effect declines.
The content of the invention
The first object of the present invention is in order to overcome deficiency of the prior art, there is provided a kind of that aquiculture waste water is followed Ring process, the machinery of the artificial cultivation tail water for utilizing and plant purification system.
The present invention another object is that to overcome mechanical filter unit in prior art to exist on the basis of the first purpose Deficiency, there is provided a kind of machinery of artificial cultivation tail water and plant purification system, the mechanical filter equipment operation side in the device Just, utilization rate of equipment and installations is high, good filtration effect, the suspended solids thing that effectively can be cleared up in breeding wastewater;And can effectively solving During suspended solids thing is filtered, filter layer is easily blocked, and causes filter layer to fail so that filter efficiency is reduced, mistake The problem that filter effect declines.
The technical scheme is that:
A kind of machinery of artificial cultivation tail water and plant purification system, including sedimentation tank, Aeration tank, mechanical filter equipment, Algae purification pond and ozonization pond, the sedimentation tank are connected with Aeration tank, and the mechanical filter equipment includes pumping conduit, Water pump and the first drain pipe, one end of the pumping conduit are connected with Aeration tank, and the other end is connected with the water inlet of water pump, institute The water inlet port for stating the first drain pipe is connected with the outlet of water pump, water outlet port and the algae purification pond phase of the first drain pipe Even, the algae purification pond is connected with ozonization pond.
The machinery of the artificial cultivation tail water of this programme can be circulated to aquiculture waste water with plant purification system Process, utilize.
Preferably, mechanical filter equipment also includes frame, the conduction pipe being co-axially located in frame and cleaning pipeline, The first axostylus axostyle being co-axially located in conduction pipe, is arranged on the first guide rail in frame and parallel with the first axostylus axostyle, can edge The slide of the first slide, for the first passage performs device of moving sliding base, the be slidably arranged in conduction pipe One break-make sliding sleeve, the piston body being slidably arranged in cleaning pipeline, the second break-make sliding sleeve and particulate matter filter device;It is described to lead The closed at both ends in flow tube road, conduction pipe are provided with conduction pipe import and conduction pipe outlet;One end of the cleaning pipeline Opening, other end closing, and pipeline tapping end is cleared up near conduction pipe, cleaning pipeline is provided with cleaning conduit entrance and cleaning Pipe outlet;The conduction pipe import and cleaning conduit entrance are connected with the outlet of water pump by inlet channel respectively; The water inlet port of first drain pipe is tightly connected with cleaning pipe outlet;
Conduction pipe is run through at the two ends of first axostylus axostyle, and one end of the first axostylus axostyle is rotatable by bearing or bearing block It is connected with slide, the other end is connected with piston body, on first axostylus axostyle, in conduction pipe, is provided with driving impeller, The first break-make sliding sleeve is connected with the first axostylus axostyle by head rod, and the first break-make sliding sleeve lateral surface is close before being provided with first Sealing ring after seal and first;The cleaning inner-walls of duct is provided with spacing block set, the piston body and the opening for clearing up pipeline End is respectively positioned on positioned at the same side of spacing block set, the blind end of the cleaning conduit entrance, the second break-make sliding sleeve and cleaning pipeline Being provided between the blind end of the same side of spacing block set, the second break-make sliding sleeve and cleaning pipeline supports can the second break-make sliding sleeve The compression spring on spacing block set is leaned against, the second break-make sliding sleeve end face near piston body is provided with axially extending push rod, the Two break-make sliding sleeve lateral surface be provided with second before sealing ring after sealing ring and second;The particulate matter filter device include it is some can The spacer being slidably arranged in the second break-make sliding sleeve, the filtering meshes being arranged in each spacer and be connected with piston body second Connection axostylus axostyle, the second connection axostylus axostyle are coaxial with the first axostylus axostyle, and the second connection axostylus axostyle and the first axostylus axostyle are located at piston body phase To both sides, the second connection axostylus axostyle passes through each filtering meshes, and each spacer to be connected axostylus axostyle with second by connector and be connected;
First guide rail is provided with the first positive stop and the second positive stop, the first positive stop and the second limiting block Block is located at slide opposite sides;
When slide is moved along the first guide rail, and when being resisted against on the first positive stop:The conduction pipe import is located at the Before one after sealing ring and first between sealing ring, the piston body is located in cleaning pipeline, and push rod end is resisted against piston body On end face, the second break-make sliding sleeve is located between cleaning conduit entrance and cleaning pipe outlet, and each spacer is logical positioned at second In disconnected sliding sleeve;
When slide is moved along the first guide rail, and when being resisted against on the second positive stop:The first break-make sliding sleeve is located at and leads Between stream conduit entrance and conduction pipe outlet, the piston body and particulate matter filter device are located on the outside of cleaning pipeline, described Second break-make sliding sleeve is resisted against on spacing block set, and clear up conduit entrance before second after sealing ring and second sealing ring it Between.
The machinery of the artificial cultivation tail water of this programme and plant purification system features in convenient, utilization rate of equipment and installations are high, filter effect Suspended solids thing that is really good, effectively can clearing up in breeding wastewater;And can effectively solving suspended solids thing filter mistake Cheng Zhong, filter layer are easily blocked, and cause filter layer to fail so that filter efficiency is reduced, the problem that filter effect declines.
Preferably, also include self-cleaning device, the self-cleaning device include being arranged on conduction pipe and cleaning pipeline it Between spacing lever, some the first axle sleeves being rotatably provided on the second connection axostylus axostyle are arranged on the brush that each first axle puts Bar and the self adaptation chocking construction of each brush holder support end is arranged on, each first axle sleeve is equally spaced, and between adjacent two first axle sleeve The filtering meshes being respectively equipped with described in one, the brush holder support are radially extended along the second connection axostylus axostyle, and are set on brush holder support lateral surface There are some bristles;
The spacing lever is parallel with the first axostylus axostyle, and the spacing between the axis of spacing lever and the first axostylus axostyle is more than The radius of the outer peripheral face of spacer,
The self adaptation chocking construction includes the stop lever that brush holder support end is rotatably provided in by rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft It is connected axostylus axostyle with second perpendicular.
The self-cleaning device of this programme can not only be normal with plant purification system in the machinery for ensureing artificial cultivation tail water On the premise of work, effectively cleaning is gathered in the suspended solids thing on each filter layer;And which makes full use of artificial cultivation The machinery of tail water is realized with existing power source in plant purification system to the clear of the suspended solids thing on each filter layer Reason, without adding extra power-equipment, effectively improves utilization rate of equipment and installations, reduces equipment cost and energy consumption.
Preferably, being arranged with rubber sleeve outside spacing lever.
Preferably, self-cleaning device also include it is some be arranged in frame, and be located at conduction pipe with cleaning pipeline it Between cleaning sprayer, cleaning sprayer is located above cleaning pipeline, and the nozzle of cleaning sprayer is down.The self-cleaning device of this programme Be conducive to improving the cleaning effect to filtering meshes, enable particulate matter filter device life-time service, and improve filter effect.
Preferably, coaxial in cleaning pipeline be provided with gag lever post, and gag lever post is located at the second break-make sliding sleeve with cleaning pipe Between the blind end in road, one end of gag lever post is extended in the second break-make sliding sleeve, and is led between gag lever post and the second break-make sliding sleeve Cross the second connecting rod to be connected;When slide is moved along the first guide rail, and when being resisted against on the first positive stop:The gag lever post with The spacing for being smaller than clearing up between pipe outlet and the second break-make sliding sleeve between the blind end of cleaning pipeline.
This programme structure gag lever post can avoid the second break-make sliding sleeve from clearing up pipe outlet closure, affect artificial cultivation tail The machinery of water is used with the support of plant purification system.
Preferably, compression spring is set on gag lever post, one end of compression spring is resisted against in the second connecting rod, another End is resisted against on the blind end of cleaning pipeline.
Preferably, being arranged with the second axle sleeve, and the second axle sleeve and first axle on the first axostylus axostyle in the first break-make sliding sleeve Connected by bearing between bar, the head rod is located between the first break-make sliding sleeve and the second axle sleeve, and connect first and led to Disconnected sliding sleeve and the second axle sleeve.
Preferably, being provided with effusion meter between the water inlet port of the first drain pipe and cleaning pipe outlet.This programme passes through Effusion meter measuring the flow in cleaning pipe outlet, during the filter suspended solids particulate matter, when flow measurement is obtained When flow is less than setting value, illustrates that the suspended solids thing assembled on filtering meshes is excessive, cause current obstructed;Now can be with First axostylus axostyle is driven by the first passage performs device, moving to piston body and particulate matter filter device is carried out on the outside of cleaning pipeline Cleaning, is conducive to improving the cleaning efficiency of the suspended solids thing in waters.
Preferably, the first passage performs device is passage cylinder.
Preferably, the garbage reclaiming barrel also including upper end open, the garbage reclaiming barrel is positioned at conduction pipe and cleaning Between pipeline, and the opening of cleaning pipeline is extended to directly over garbage reclaiming barrel.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
First, process being circulated to aquiculture waste water, being utilized.
Which two:Mechanical filter equipment has easy to operate, and utilization rate of equipment and installations is high, and good filtration effect can effectively clear up cultivation The characteristics of suspended solids thing in waste water, and can be during effectively solving suspended solids thing filters, filter layer holds Easily block, cause filter layer to fail so that filter efficiency is reduced, the problem that filter effect declines.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the machinery with plant purification system of the artificial cultivation tail water of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of mechanical filter equipment of the invention structural representation in the course of the work.
Fig. 3 is a kind of partial structural diagram cleared up at pipeline in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 3 at A.
Fig. 5 is mechanical filter equipment of the invention another kind of structural representation in the course of the work.
Fig. 6 is a kind of partial structural diagram cleared up at pipeline in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 5 at B.
In figure:Sedimentation tank 1c, partition wall 1c1;Aeration tank 2c;Algae purification pond 4c;Ozonization pond 5c;Mechanical filter equipment 3c, water pump 1, inlet channel 1a, conduction pipe 2, conduction pipe import 2a, conduction pipe import 2b, cleaning pipeline 3, cleaning pipe Road import 31, cleaning pipe outlet 32, effusion meter 33, pumping conduit 3c1, the first drain pipe 3c2, the second drain pipe 3c3, second Sealing ring 42 after sealing ring 41, second before break-make sliding sleeve 4, second, the connection axostylus axostyle 51, spacer of particulate matter filter device 5, second 52nd, filtering meshes 53, piston body 6, self-cleaning device 7, spacing lever 71, the first axle sleeve 72, brush holder support 73, bristle 74, stop catch Bar 75, rotating shaft 76, the first axostylus axostyle 8, the second axle sleeve 9, the first break-make sliding sleeve 10 drive impeller 11, and first elapses performs device 12, First positive stop 13, slide 14, the first guide rail 15, the second positive stop 16, garbage reclaiming barrel 17, push rod 18, spacing block set 19, compression spring 20, gag lever post 21, the second connecting rod 22.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As shown in figure 1, a kind of machinery of artificial cultivation tail water includes sedimentation tank 1c, Aeration tank 2c with plant purification system, Mechanical filter equipment 3c, algae purification pond 4c and ozonization pond 5c.By arranging some partition wall 1c1 by sedimentation tank in sedimentation tank It is separated into the water stream channel of complications.Aeration tank bottom is provided with aerator.Algae purification pond in the present embodiment is that spirulina is net Change pond or chlorella clarifier-tank or Synechococcus clarifier-tank or salt alga clarifier-tank or Phaeodactylum clarifier-tank.
As shown in Fig. 2 mechanical filter equipment 3c includes frame, and the garbage reclaiming barrel 17 of upper end open, pumping conduit 3c1, First drain pipe 3c2, the second drain pipe 3c3, water pump 1, self-cleaning device 7, the conduction pipe 2 being co-axially located in frame and clear Reason pipeline 3, the first axostylus axostyle 8 being co-axially located in conduction pipe, is arranged in frame and parallel with the first axostylus axostyle first leads Rail 15, the slide 14 that can be slided along the first rail, being arranged in frame is used for the first passage performs device 12 of moving sliding base, can The first break-make sliding sleeve 10 being slidably arranged in conduction pipe, the piston body 6 being slidably arranged in cleaning pipeline, the second break-make Sliding sleeve 4 and particulate matter filter device 5.First guide rail is provided with the first positive stop 13 and the second positive stop 16, and first is spacing Block and the second positive stop are located at slide opposite sides.First passage performs device is passage cylinder.
Conduction pipe and cleaning pipe level are arranged.Conduction pipe and cleaning pipeline are pipe.Conduction pipe and cleaning pipe Gap is provided between road.The closed at both ends of conduction pipe.Conduction pipe is provided with conduction pipe import 2a and conduction pipe import 2b, and conduction pipe import, near cleaning pipeline, conduction pipe outlet is away from cleaning pipeline.The one end open of cleaning pipeline, separately One end is closed, and clears up the opening of pipeline near conduction pipe, clears up the blind end of pipeline away from conduction pipe.Cleaning pipeline Cleaning conduit entrance 31 and cleaning pipe outlet 32 are provided with, and clear up opening of the conduit entrance near cleaning pipeline, cleaning Blind end of the pipe outlet near cleaning pipeline.Conduction pipe import and cleaning conduit entrance pass through inlet channel 1a and water respectively The outlet of pump is connected.Garbage reclaiming barrel 17 is located between conduction pipe and cleaning pipeline, and garbage reclaiming barrel is located at mozzle Road with cleaning pipeline lower section, and clear up pipeline opening extend to directly over garbage reclaiming barrel.
Conduction pipe is run through at the two ends of the first axostylus axostyle, and specifically, the both ends of the surface center of conduction pipe is respectively equipped with axis hole, Axis hole of first axostylus axostyle through conduction pipe two ends.The gland seal coordinated with the first axostylus axostyle is respectively equipped with two axis hole medial surface Circle.Bearing or the second axle sleeve are additionally provided with two axis holes, the first axostylus axostyle is through the bearing or the second axle sleeve in axis hole.First axostylus axostyle can Rotate relative to axis hole, and the first axostylus axostyle can be along the axial movement of axis hole.One end of first axostylus axostyle passes through bearing or bearing block can What is rotated is connected with slide, and the other end is fixedly connected with piston body.It is fixed on first axostylus axostyle, in conduction pipe to be provided with Drive impeller 11.Impeller is driven to be located between conduction pipe import and conduction pipe outlet.First break-make sliding sleeve connects by first Extension bar is connected with the first axostylus axostyle, specifically, the second axle sleeve 9, and second is arranged with the first axostylus axostyle in the first break-make sliding sleeve Connected by bearing between axle sleeve and the first axostylus axostyle, head rod is located between the first break-make sliding sleeve and the second axle sleeve, and even Connect the first break-make sliding sleeve and the second axle sleeve.Second axle sleeve can be relative to rotating with the first axostylus axostyle, but can not be along the axial direction of the first axostylus axostyle It is mobile.First break-make sliding sleeve lateral surface be provided with first before sealing ring after sealing ring and first.
As shown in figure 3, cleaning inner-walls of duct is provided with spacing block set 19.Piston body is located at limit with the opening of cleaning pipeline The same side of position projection.The blind end of cleaning conduit entrance, the second break-make sliding sleeve and cleaning pipeline is respectively positioned on the same of spacing block set Side.It is coaxial in cleaning pipeline to be provided with gag lever post 21, and gag lever post is located at the blind end of the second break-make sliding sleeve and cleaning pipeline Between.One end of gag lever post is extended in the second break-make sliding sleeve, and by the second connection between gag lever post and the second break-make sliding sleeve Bar 22 is connected.Being provided between the blind end of the second break-make sliding sleeve and cleaning pipeline to make the second break-make sliding sleeve be resisted against limit convex Compression spring 20 on block.Compression spring is set on gag lever post, and one end of compression spring is resisted against in the second connecting rod, another End is resisted against on the blind end of cleaning pipeline.The second break-make sliding sleeve end face near piston body is provided with axially extending push rod 18.Push rod is parallel with the first axostylus axostyle.Second break-make sliding sleeve lateral surface be provided with second before sealing ring after sealing ring 41 and second 42。
Particulate matter filter device 5 includes some spacers 52 being slidably arranged in the second break-make sliding sleeve, be arranged on it is each every Filtering meshes 53 in set, the exterior seal ring being arranged on each spacer lateral surface and be connected with piston body second be connected axostylus axostyle 51.It is threaded connection between second connection axostylus axostyle and piston body.Each spacer is equally spaced, and each filtering meshes are equally spaced.The Two connection axostylus axostyles are coaxial with the first axostylus axostyle, and the second connection axostylus axostyle and the first axostylus axostyle are located at piston body opposite sides.Second connection Axostylus axostyle passes through each filtering meshes, and each spacer to be connected axostylus axostyle with second by connector and be connected.Each spacer is movable to second On the outside of break-make sliding sleeve.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Fig. 7, self-cleaning device 7 includes the spacing shelves being arranged between conduction pipe and cleaning pipeline Bar 71, some the first axle sleeves 72 being rotatably provided on the second connection axostylus axostyle, is arranged on the brush holder support 73 that each first axle puts, if Put each brush holder support end self adaptation chocking construction and it is some be arranged in frame, and be located at conduction pipe and cleaning pipeline between Cleaning sprayer.Each cleaning sprayer is located at the top of conduction pipe and cleaning pipeline, and the nozzle of cleaning sprayer is arranged down.Respectively Cleaning sprayer is located at directly over garbage reclaiming barrel.Each first axle sleeve is equally spaced.It is respectively equipped between adjacent two first axle sleeves 72 Filtering meshes described in one, i.e., the spacer being respectively equipped between adjacent two first axle sleeve 72 described in.Brush holder support connects along second Spindle bar is radially extended, and is uniformly provided with some bristles 74 on brush holder support lateral surface.The end of bristle is resisted against corresponding mistake In filter screen layer surface.Spacing lever is parallel with the first axostylus axostyle.Spacing between the axis of spacing lever and the first axostylus axostyle is more than The radius of the outer peripheral face of spacer.Self adaptation chocking construction includes the stop lever that brush holder support end is rotatably provided in by rotating shaft 76 75, and the rotating shaft to be connected axostylus axostyle with second perpendicular.Stop catch is smaller than between the axis of spacing lever and the first axostylus axostyle The length sum of bar and brush holder support.It is provided with spacing lever outside Magnet, and spacing lever and is arranged with rubber sleeve.Stop lever is ferrum Bar.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, when slide is moved along the first guide rail, and when being resisted against on the first positive stop:Conduction pipe Import is between sealing ring after sealing ring and first before first;Piston body is located in cleaning pipeline, and push rod end is resisted against On piston body end face;Second break-make sliding sleeve is located between cleaning conduit entrance and cleaning pipe outlet, and each spacer is located at second In break-make sliding sleeve;Being smaller than between the blind end of gag lever post and cleaning pipeline clear up pipe outlet and the second break-make sliding sleeve it Between spacing.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, when slide is moved along the first guide rail, and when being resisted against on the second positive stop:First break-make Sliding sleeve is located between conduction pipe import and conduction pipe outlet;Piston body and particulate matter filter device are located at outside cleaning pipeline Side;Second break-make sliding sleeve is resisted against on spacing block set, and clears up conduit entrance positioned at sealing ring after sealing ring and second before second Between.
As shown in figure 1, sedimentation tank 1c is connected with Aeration tank 2c.Pumping conduit, the first drain pipe and the second drain pipe it is equal For flexible pipe.One end of pumping conduit 3c1 is connected with Aeration tank, and the other end is connected with the water inlet of water pump 1.First drain pipe The water inlet port of 3c2 is connected with the outlet of water pump 1, and specifically, water inlet port and the cleaning pipeline of the first drain pipe go out Mouth 32 is tightly connected.The water outlet port of the first drain pipe is connected with algae purification pond 4c.The water inlet port of the first drain pipe with it is clear Effusion meter 33 is provided between reason pipe outlet.The Single port of the second drain pipe 3c3 is tightly connected with conduction pipe outlet 2b, and second The another port of drain pipe is connected with Aeration tank 2c.Algae purification pond is connected with ozonization pond 5c.
The machinery of the artificial cultivation tail water of the present invention is as follows with the specific work process of plant purification system:
First, the breeding wastewater in artificial cultivation pond is entered in sedimentation tank, and flows through the current of the complications that partition wall is separated into Passage, the particulate matter in breeding wastewater is through preliminary sedimentation in this process;
Second, breeding wastewater is flowed in Aeration tank, carries out aeration by aerator;
3rd, the particulate matter in the breeding wastewater of aeration is further filtered by mechanical filter equipment, And by the discharge into water after filtration in algae purification pond, the specific work process of mechanical filter equipment is as follows:
A:As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, drive slide along the first guide rail toward the first positive stop by the first passage performs device Direction is moved, and is driven by the first axostylus axostyle and drive impeller, the first break-make sliding sleeve, piston body and particulate matter filter device together with Slide is moved.
When slide is resisted against on the first positive stop:Conduction pipe import is sealed after sealing ring and first before first Between circle;Piston body is located in cleaning pipeline, and push rod end is resisted against on piston body end face, and push rod promotes the second break-make sliding sleeve Toward the movement of cleaning pipe sealing end, the second break-make sliding sleeve is made to be located between cleaning conduit entrance and cleaning pipe outlet, while respectively Spacer is moved in the second break-make sliding sleeve;Now, conduction pipe import is closed, and has cleaning conduit entrance conducting.
On the other hand, as rotating shaft 76 is connected with second, axostylus axostyle is perpendicular, thus enters the second break-make sliding sleeve in brush holder support During, stop lever can be taken advantage of a situation and be rotated around the axis, and will not interfere with the second break-make sliding sleeve and cannot be introduced into second and lead to In disconnected sliding sleeve.
B:Water pump is opened, by the breeding wastewater suction pumping conduit in Aeration tank, and water pump, water inlet pipe is flowed through successively Road, clears up conduit entrance, clears up pipeline, clears up pipe outlet, and is discharged in algae purification pond by the first drain pipe.
During current flow through cleaning pipeline, the suspension rubbish in current is by by each filtration of particulate matter filter device Stratum reticulare is filtered, so as to realize the cleaning to water body suspension rubbish.In this process, by effusion meter come measure cleaning pipeline go out Discharge in mouthful, when the flow that flow measurement is obtained is less than setting value, illustrates that the rubbish assembled on filtering meshes is excessive, causes Current are obstructed:Now water pump cuts out, while drive slide to move along the first guide rail by the first passage performs device, until slide It is resisted against on the second positive stop.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, when slide is resisted against on the second positive stop:First break-make sliding sleeve enters positioned at conduction pipe Between mouth and conduction pipe outlet, piston body and particulate matter filter device are located on the outside of cleaning pipeline;Second break-make slides over pressure Move toward spacing block set in the presence of contracting spring, and be resisted against on spacing block set, and clear up conduit entrance and seal before second After circle and second between sealing ring;Now, conduction pipe import conducting, has cleaning conduit entrance to close.
C:Water pump is opened, meanwhile, the cleaning sprayer of self-cleaning device is sprayed water towards each filtering meshes;Now, water pump is aspirated Current will flow through conduction pipe import, conduction pipe, conduction pipe outlet successively by inlet channel, and be flowed back to by the second drain pipe To in Aeration tank;Current will drive and drive wheel rotation in this process, and then drive the first axostylus axostyle and each filtering meshes one With rotation.
As bristle is resisted against on filtering meshes in the first axostylus axostyle rotation process, thus brush holder support and bristle will be with first axles Bar is rotated, and stop lever will be blunt under the influence of centrifugal force in brush holder support rotation process(Brush holder support is with stop lever same On one straight line), as shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 6, hereafter, in brush holder support rotation process, stop lever 75 will be resisted against spacing lever 71, together When due to rotating shaft 76, to be connected axostylus axostyle with second perpendicular(That is rotating shaft 76 is perpendicular with spacing lever), thus when stop lever against After on the spacing lever, brush holder support and bristle is limited is not rotated further by.Simultaneously as Magnet in spacing lever, is provided with, stop lever For iron;And rubber sleeve is arranged with outside spacing lever;Thus stop lever is attracted on spacing lever, and in first axle In bar rotation process, rubber sleeve can be prevented effectively from stop lever and rotate around the axis.
When brush holder support and bristle is limited be not rotated further by after, the first axostylus axostyle continues to drive what each filtering meshes were together rotated therewith During, the particulate matter on each filtering meshes is removed by bristle by matching purge shower nozzle.
Then, water pump cuts out, and the cleaning sprayer of self-cleaning device is closed.
D:Return step A and continue executing with action, so as to effectively carry out to the particulate matter in the breeding wastewater of aeration It is further to filter, and can be during effectively solving suspended solids thing filters, filter layer is easily blocked, and causes filter layer Failure so that filter efficiency is reduced, the problem that filter effect declines;And the mechanical filter equipment of the present invention is easy to operate, Utilization rate of equipment and installations is high, good filtration effect.
4th, water body is purified by the algae in algae purification pond;
5th, water body is flowed in oxygen sterilization pool, and passes through ozone disinfection;Then water body is back to into artificial supporting Grow in pond.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of machinery of artificial cultivation tail water and plant purification system, is characterized in that, including sedimentation tank, Aeration tank, mechanical mistake Filter equipment, algae purification pond and ozonization pond, the sedimentation tank are connected with Aeration tank, and the mechanical filter equipment includes taking out Waterpipe, water pump and the first drain pipe, one end of the pumping conduit are connected with Aeration tank, the water inlet phase of the other end and water pump Connection, the water inlet port of first drain pipe are connected with the outlet of water pump, the water outlet port of the first drain pipe and algae Clarifier-tank is connected, and the algae purification pond is connected with ozonization pond;
The mechanical filter equipment also includes frame, the conduction pipe being co-axially located in frame and cleaning pipeline, is coaxially disposed The first axostylus axostyle in conduction pipe, is arranged on the first guide rail in frame and parallel with the first axostylus axostyle, can be along the first guide rail The slide of slip, for the first passage performs device of moving sliding base, the first break-make being slidably arranged in conduction pipe is slided Set, the piston body being slidably arranged in cleaning pipeline, the second break-make sliding sleeve and particulate matter filter device;
The closed at both ends of the conduction pipe, conduction pipe are provided with conduction pipe import and conduction pipe outlet;The cleaning The one end open of pipeline, other end closing, and pipeline tapping end is cleared up near conduction pipe, cleaning pipeline is provided with cleaning pipeline Import and cleaning pipe outlet;The conduction pipe import and cleaning conduit entrance are respectively by the water outlet of inlet channel and water pump Mouth is connected;The water inlet port of first drain pipe is tightly connected with cleaning pipe outlet;
Conduction pipe is run through at the two ends of first axostylus axostyle, one end of the first axostylus axostyle pass through bearing or bearing block rotatably with cunning Seat is connected, and the other end is connected with piston body, and driving impeller is provided with first axostylus axostyle, in conduction pipe, described First break-make sliding sleeve is connected with the first axostylus axostyle by head rod, the first break-make sliding sleeve lateral surface be provided with first before sealing ring And sealing ring after first;
The cleaning inner-walls of duct is provided with spacing block set, and the piston body is located at spacing block set with the opening of cleaning pipeline The same side, the blind end of the cleaning conduit entrance, the second break-make sliding sleeve and cleaning pipeline are respectively positioned on the same side of spacing block set, Being provided between the blind end of the second break-make sliding sleeve and cleaning pipeline to make the second break-make sliding sleeve be resisted against on spacing block set Compression spring, the second break-make sliding sleeve end face near piston body are provided with axially extending push rod, the second break-make sliding sleeve lateral surface Sealing ring after sealing ring and second before being provided with second;
The particulate matter filter device includes some spacers being slidably arranged in the second break-make sliding sleeve, is arranged in each spacer Filtering meshes and be connected with piston body second be connected axostylus axostyle, the second connection axostylus axostyle is coaxial with the first axostylus axostyle, and the Two connection axostylus axostyles and the first axostylus axostyle are located at piston body opposite sides, and the second connection axostylus axostyle passes through each filtering meshes, and each spacer is logical Cross connector and be connected axostylus axostyle with second and be connected;
First guide rail is provided with the first positive stop and the second positive stop, the first positive stop and the second positive stop position In slide opposite sides;
When slide is moved along the first guide rail, and when being resisted against on the first positive stop:The conduction pipe import is before first After sealing ring and first between sealing ring, the piston body is located in cleaning pipeline, and push rod end is resisted against piston body end face On, the second break-make sliding sleeve is located between cleaning conduit entrance and cleaning pipe outlet, and each spacer is slided positioned at the second break-make In set;
When slide is moved along the first guide rail, and when being resisted against on the second positive stop:The first break-make sliding sleeve is located at mozzle Between road import and conduction pipe outlet, the piston body and particulate matter filter device are located on the outside of cleaning pipeline, and described second Break-make sliding sleeve is resisted against on spacing block set, and cleaning conduit entrance is between sealing ring after sealing ring and second before second.
2. the machinery of artificial cultivation tail water according to claim 1 and plant purification system, is characterized in that, the mechanical mistake Filter equipment also includes self-cleaning device, and the self-cleaning device includes the spacing shelves being arranged between conduction pipe and cleaning pipeline Bar, some the first axle sleeves being rotatably provided on the second connection axostylus axostyle are arranged on brush holder support and be arranged on that each first axle puts The self adaptation chocking construction of each brush holder support end, each first axle sleeve are equally spaced, and are respectively equipped with one between adjacent two first axle sleeve Individual described filtering meshes, the brush holder support are radially extended along the second connection axostylus axostyle, and brush holder support lateral surface is provided with some bristles;
The spacing lever is parallel with the first axostylus axostyle, and the spacing between the axis of spacing lever and the first axostylus axostyle is more than spacer Outer peripheral face radius,
The self adaptation chocking construction includes the stop lever that brush holder support end is rotatably provided in by rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft and the Two connection axostylus axostyles are perpendicular.
3. the machinery of artificial cultivation tail water according to claim 2 and plant purification system, is characterized in that, the spacing shelves Rubber sleeve is arranged with outside bar.
4. the machinery of the artificial cultivation tail water according to Claims 2 or 3 and plant purification system, is characterized in that, it is described from Cleaning plant is also arranged in frame including some, and the cleaning sprayer between conduction pipe and cleaning pipeline, cleaning spray Head is located above cleaning pipeline, and the nozzle of cleaning sprayer is down.
5. the machinery of artificial cultivation tail water according to claim 1 and plant purification system, is characterized in that, the cleaning pipe It is coaxial in road to be provided with gag lever post, and gag lever post is located between the blind end of the second break-make sliding sleeve and cleaning pipeline, gag lever post One end is extended in the second break-make sliding sleeve, and is connected by the second connecting rod between gag lever post and the second break-make sliding sleeve;
When slide is moved along the first guide rail, and when being resisted against on the first positive stop:The gag lever post and the closing for clearing up pipeline The spacing for being smaller than clearing up between pipe outlet and the second break-make sliding sleeve between end.
6. the machinery of artificial cultivation tail water according to claim 1 and plant purification system, is characterized in that, described first leads to It is arranged with the first axostylus axostyle in disconnected sliding sleeve between the second axle sleeve, and the second axle sleeve and the first axostylus axostyle and is connected by bearing, it is described Head rod is located between the first break-make sliding sleeve and the second axle sleeve, and connects the first break-make sliding sleeve and the second axle sleeve.
7. the machinery of artificial cultivation tail water according to claim 1 and plant purification system, is characterized in that, the first row Effusion meter is provided between the water inlet port of water pipe and cleaning pipe outlet.
CN201510422393.XA 2015-07-17 2015-07-17 Mechanical and plant purification system for artificial culturing tail water Active CN105084644B (en)

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CN105906108B (en) * 2016-07-05 2018-09-28 广西卓远环保科技有限公司 Sewage disposal system and its treatment process
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CN109534649A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-03-29 深圳市新涛环境科技有限公司 A kind of low temperature closed cycle sludge drying intelligent apparatus

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NL1010247C2 (en) * 1998-10-05 2000-04-06 Maasland Nv Filtration process, especially useful in milking installations, uses the same feed opening in the filter to supply a medium for filtration and a cleaning medium in the opposite direction
US7481935B2 (en) * 2003-10-03 2009-01-27 Laurent Olivier Waste water treatment process
US9669335B2 (en) * 2012-01-24 2017-06-06 Fuji Filter Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Filter apparatus
CN103910467A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-09 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Method for processing aquatic product culture waste water
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