CN105075783B - The forcing culture method of hall crabapple flower - Google Patents

The forcing culture method of hall crabapple flower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105075783B
CN105075783B CN201510587370.4A CN201510587370A CN105075783B CN 105075783 B CN105075783 B CN 105075783B CN 201510587370 A CN201510587370 A CN 201510587370A CN 105075783 B CN105075783 B CN 105075783B
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China
Prior art keywords
flower
temperature
hall crabapple
flowerpot
greenhouse
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201510587370.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105075783A (en
Inventor
王盛苗
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Anhui Rohome Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Anhui Rohome Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510587370.4A priority Critical patent/CN105075783B/en
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Publication of CN105075783B publication Critical patent/CN105075783B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of forcing culture method of hall crabapple flower, it is related to flower planting technical field of cultivation, cultural method is mainly included the following steps that:Roguing, immigration flowerpot, dormancy vernalization, flower forcing phase I, flower forcing phase II and flower forcing phase III.Plant can fully absorb the nutrient in flowerpot in the invention, and Post flowering individual plant flower number is more, and pattern is gorgeous, and the florescence of hall crabapple flower is effectively advanced to the Spring Festival or New Year's Day, expands the market of hall crabapple flower, improves value of the product, and method is simple, it is easy to promote.

Description

The forcing culture method of hall crabapple flower
Technical field
The present invention relates to flower planting cultivation technique, and in particular to a kind of forcing culture method of hall crabapple flower.
Background technology
Hall crabapple flower is the plant of rose family Malus, be China Special plant, its florescence in annual 4-5 months, 5~7 fasciations branch ends are spent, pattern is gorgeous, and flower appearance is graceful, it is gentle and demure red gorgeous in case of gentle breeze fluttering is swung.Autumn fruit maturation, it is red Yellow machine, which reflects, to be uphang between branch, is also very much considerable.During China's flowers consumption is concentrated mainly on New Year's Day, the Spring Festival, high-grade potted flower is in this phase Between sale ratio account for the 50% of annual sales total amount, annual flower turns into the main channel of China's flowers consumption.Hall crabapple flower Florescence, in 4-5 months, misses the busy season of China's flower sale, therefore, carries out hall crabapple flower forcing culture research, and exploitation is high attached Value added annual flower, can further expand the market of the kind, lift value of the product.Malus spectabilis kind is more, its property also not phase Together, at present, it there is no the detailed report to hall crabapple flower forcing culture method.
The content of the invention
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the invention provides one kind it is simple and easy to do, easy to spread, hall crabapple flower can be expected Blooming, can guarantee that the forcing culture method of Flowering quality again.
To realize object above, the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
A kind of forcing culture method of hall crabapple flower, cultural method is mainly included the following steps that:
1), roguing:The hall crabapple flower plant of the healthy growth of selection more than 2 years, young fruit is plucked after its blossom fall in time;
2) flowerpot, is moved into:Hall crabapple flower is transplanted in flowerpot by the beginning of October, and flowerpot bottom is used before being covered with bagasse, upper basin 500-800mg/L indolebutyric acids soak root 1-3 hours or root clod sprayed to drenched state 2-3 times, apply nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, N, P, K ratio are N in nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer:P:K=10:20:20, the dose of every kilogram of basin soil is 0.5g, flowerpot bore For 30cm × 30cm, per basin about 10kg containing soil, conserved 7-10 days at shady and cool ventilation, fertilization mode is by the soil on flowerpot surface Plane pine, slightly uniformly digs 3 holes away from root in basin, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is imposed on wherein, watered after earthing at a distance;
3), dormancy vernalization:Hall crabapple flower is placed at outdoor Chaoyang by late October, it is ensured that environment temperature is day temperature 7 ~12 DEG C, 4-8 DEG C of nocturnal temperature makes its dormancy vernalization, and the dormancy vernalization time is maintained at 30-60 days;
4), the flower forcing phase I:40-60 days before the Spring Festival, hall crabapple flower is moved into greenhouse, greenhouse the last week is moved into hall crabapple flower Trimming and finishing is carried out, the temperature in greenhouse is maintained at 10-16 DEG C of day temperature, 6-10 DEG C of nocturnal temperature;Indoor illumination is adjusted to 7000-9000Lux, light application time more than 11 hours, humidity 60-70%;
5), the flower forcing phase II:After 7-10 days, the temperature in greenhouse is maintained at 17-21 DEG C of day temperature, nocturnal temperature 8-12 DEG C, indoor illumination is adjusted to 9000-11000Lux, and light application time more than 12 hours, humidity 70-75% applies phosphate fertilizer, applies phosphate fertilizer amount and is 0.2-0.3g, sprays a 70% thiophanate methyl liquid;
6), the flower forcing phase III:Bloomed the previous moon in expection, the temperature in greenhouse is maintained at 22-26 DEG C of day temperature, evening 14-16 DEG C, indoor illumination is adjusted to 11000-14000Lux, light application time more than 14 hours, humidity 75-85%.
The invention provides a kind of forcing culture method of hall crabapple flower.The bagasse that basin bottom is covered with the present invention, can increase Strong potted plant ventilating drainage, and nutriment inside bagasse can be as long-acting slow-release fertilizer, the present invention can make the silk that hangs down Malus spectabilis fully absorbs the nutrient in flowerpot, effectively shifts to an earlier date florescence to the Spring Festival or New Year's Day of hall crabapple flower, has expanded hall crabapple flower Market, improves value of the product, and Post flowering individual plant flower number is more, and pattern is gorgeous, and this method is simple and easy to do, it is easy to promote.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, Technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is the present invention one Divide embodiment, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment:
The present invention chooses biennial, healthy growth hall crabapple flower plant, plucks young fruit in time after its blossom fall, saves and supports Point;Hall crabapple flower is transplanted in flowerpot by the beginning of October, and root 1-3 hours is soaked or to root with 500-800mg/L indolebutyric acids before upper basin Portion's clod is sprayed to drenched state 2-3 times, promotes the division of hall crabapple flower root cell and hyperplasia, strong root tissue;Flower Basin bottom part spreads bagasse, strengthens potted plant ventilating drainage, and the nutriment inside bagasse can be used as sustained slow-release fertilizer Material;It is transplanted to after flowerpot, flowerpot bore selects 30cm × 30cm, the ratio per the basin about 10kg containing soil, N, P, K is N:P:K= 10:20:20 slightly uniformly dig 3 holes at a distance in basin away from root, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 5g are imposed on wherein, N, P, K ratio For N:P:K=10:20:20, water after earthing, conserved 7-10 days at shady and cool ventilation;Hall crabapple flower is placed on room by late October At outer Chaoyang, it is ensured that environment temperature is 7 DEG C~12 DEG C of day temperature, 4 DEG C -8 DEG C of nocturnal temperature makes its dormancy vernalization, and the time protects Card was at 30-60 days;40-60 days before the Spring Festival, that is, the first tenday period of a month in December, hall crabapple flower is moved into greenhouse, greenhouse the last week is moved into Trimming and finishing is carried out to hall crabapple flower, greenhouse temperature is maintained at 10 DEG C -16 DEG C of day temperature, and 6 DEG C -10 DEG C of nocturnal temperature is indoor Illumination is adjusted to 7000-9000Lux, light application time more than 11 hours, humidity 60-70%;After 7-10 days, the temperature in greenhouse is kept In 17 DEG C -21 DEG C of day temperature, 8 DEG C -12 DEG C of nocturnal temperature, indoor illumination is adjusted to 9000-11000Lux, light application time 12 hours More than, humidity 70-75% applies phosphate fertilizer 0.2g-0.3g, and 70% thiophanate methyl liquid of spray is used to kill aphid;Opened in expection The previous moon is spent, the temperature in greenhouse 22 DEG C -26 DEG C of day temperature is maintained at, in 14 DEG C -16 DEG C of evening, indoor illumination is adjusted to 11000-14000Lux, light application time more than 14 hours, humidity 75-85%;
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The bagasse that basin bottom is covered with, can strengthen inside potted plant ventilating drainage, and bagasse Nutriment can be used as long-acting slow-release fertilizer;Effectively shift to an earlier date florescence to the Spring Festival or New Year's Day of hall crabapple flower;Heteroauxin Using the strong root of hall crabapple flower, the nutrient in flowerpot can be fully absorbed, Post flowering individual plant flower number is more, and pattern is gorgeous; Method is simple, it is easy to promotes.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although with reference to the foregoing embodiments The present invention is described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that:It still can be to foregoing each implementation Technical scheme described in example is modified, or carries out equivalent substitution to which part technical characteristic;And these modification or Replace, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of forcing culture method of hall crabapple flower, it is characterised in that the cultural method is mainly included the following steps that:
1), roguing:The hall crabapple flower plant of the healthy growth of selection more than 2 years, young fruit is plucked after its blossom fall in time;
2) flowerpot, is moved into:Hall crabapple flower is transplanted in flowerpot by the beginning of October, and 500- is used in flowerpot bottom before being covered with bagasse, upper basin 800mg/L indolebutyric acids soak root 1-3 hours or root clod sprayed to drenched state 2-3 times, apply nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, nitrogen phosphorus N, P, K ratio are N in K composite fertilizer:P:K=10:20:20, the dose of every kilogram of basin soil is 0.5g, and flowerpot bore is 30cm × 30cm, per basin about 10kg containing soil, is conserved 7-10 days at shady and cool ventilation, and fertilization mode is to dig the soil on flowerpot surface Pine, slightly uniformly digs 3 holes away from root in basin, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is imposed on wherein, watered after earthing at a distance;
3), dormancy vernalization:Hall crabapple flower is placed at outdoor Chaoyang by late October, it is ensured that environment temperature is day temperature 7~12 DEG C, 4-8 DEG C of nocturnal temperature makes its dormancy vernalization, and the dormancy vernalization time is maintained at 30-60 days;
4), the flower forcing phase I:40-60 days before the Spring Festival, hall crabapple flower is moved into greenhouse, greenhouse the last week is moved into hall crabapple flower progress Trimming and finishing, 10-16 DEG C of day temperature, 6-10 DEG C of nocturnal temperature are maintained at by the temperature in greenhouse;Indoor illumination is adjusted to 7000- 9000Lux, light application time more than 11 hours, humidity 60-70%;
5), the flower forcing phase II:After 7-10 days, the temperature in greenhouse is maintained at 17-21 DEG C of day temperature, 8-12 DEG C of nocturnal temperature, room Interior illumination is adjusted to 9000-11000Lux, and light application time more than 12 hours, humidity 70-75% applies phosphate fertilizer, applies phosphate fertilizer amount for 0.2- 0.3g, sprays a 70% thiophanate methyl liquid;
6), the flower forcing phase III:Bloomed the previous moon in expection, the temperature in greenhouse is maintained at 22-26 DEG C of day temperature, evening 14- 16 DEG C, indoor illumination is adjusted to 11000-14000Lux, light application time more than 14 hours, humidity 75-85%.
CN201510587370.4A 2015-09-15 2015-09-15 The forcing culture method of hall crabapple flower Expired - Fee Related CN105075783B (en)

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CN107155758A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-15 江苏农林职业技术学院 A kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth potential

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN1089077A (en) * 1993-01-01 1994-07-13 李增林 The woody plant bud forms the technology of blooming then
CN102090250B (en) * 2010-11-10 2013-02-20 天津滨海国际花卉科技园区股份有限公司 Method for improving flowering quality of Christmas begonia
CN103503652A (en) * 2012-06-21 2014-01-15 谭伟兴 Cultivation technique for indoor hung begonia tuberous
CN103891488A (en) * 2012-12-28 2014-07-02 姜磊 Cultivation method of begonia tuberous
CN104137738A (en) * 2013-05-07 2014-11-12 天津天德苗木种植专业合作社 Grafting method of red-trunk begonia with long flowering and fruiting period
CN103875498B (en) * 2014-03-10 2016-05-18 宣威市三友农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of hall crabapple flower
CN104145729B (en) * 2014-07-28 2016-04-27 南京林业大学 Adopt plant hormone to reduce Malus spectabilis and heat the short method spending effective accumulated temperature in regulation and control
CN104885683A (en) * 2015-06-13 2015-09-09 陈思宇 Buried biological fertilizer box for cherry-apple tree
CN104885682A (en) * 2015-06-13 2015-09-09 陈思宇 Inserted biological fertilizer box for cherry-apple tree

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