CN105075683B - A kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method - Google Patents

A kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105075683B
CN105075683B CN201510503615.0A CN201510503615A CN105075683B CN 105075683 B CN105075683 B CN 105075683B CN 201510503615 A CN201510503615 A CN 201510503615A CN 105075683 B CN105075683 B CN 105075683B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
stock
seed
akeake
scion
grafting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201510503615.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105075683A (en
Inventor
兰绍华
蓝皓
刘飞宏
张红超
王连春
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jianshui Haoye Agriculture Forestry Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jianshui Haoye Agriculture Forestry Industry Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jianshui Haoye Agriculture Forestry Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Jianshui Haoye Agriculture Forestry Industry Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510503615.0A priority Critical patent/CN105075683B/en
Publication of CN105075683A publication Critical patent/CN105075683A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105075683B publication Critical patent/CN105075683B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/30Grafting

Abstract

The present invention is a kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method, and its step is:Go out akeake seedling using cultivating seeds and make stock, or choose ready-made akeake plant and make stock;The upper current-year branch of delavay soapberry pericarp or seed tree that is best in quality, bearing fruit vigorous is chosen as scion;Delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion is grafted onto on akeake stock, survive scion, seedling footpath will slightly reach 3 10mm, grafting can be that cleft grafting, side grafting or bud connect, during grafting, 2 plants or more than 2 plants of stock cane can be gathered into graft union to be integrally formed, form foot-rest type stock, then the grafting delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion on the stem bar of foot-rest type stock, scion survives latter 12 years, top clipping is carried out to plant, it is too high to limit its growth, prevented because scion is tall and big and occurs to cover, fracture.It is characteristic of the invention that delavay soapberry pericarp or seed high graft survival rate, scion fruit-growing time is short, fruit yield is high, and plantation is cheap, and cost is low, and stable yield, the best fruiting period is long;Foot-rest type graft technology revolutionizes grafting plant characteristic.Add it is anti-fall cover, resistance to fracture, akeake is become arbor forest by bushes, more effectively conserve water and soil, improve ecological.

Description

A kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of graft technology between platymiscium, particularly a kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating side Method.
Background technology
Delavay soapberry pericarp or seed, also known as soapberry(Classification system:Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. ), alias:Wood suffers from son (Compendium of Materia Medica), oil is suffered from sub(Sichuan)Hardship suffers from tree(Hainan), yellow mesh tree, mesh wave tree(Taiwan), You Luoshu, fruit of washing one's hands, other ground Square name:Rub mesh, false longan, Devil Frown etc. with the hands.
Delavay soapberry pericarp or seed belongs to deciduous tree, and branch is carried out, leaf alternate;Without stipule;There is handle;Panicle, basidixed and side life;Spend miscellaneous Property, corolla light green has shortly clawed;Floral disc cup-shaped;Filigree has fine, soft fur, and medicine back life, and hermaphrodite flower stamen is small, and filigree has fur. Drupe is spherical, yellow or brown color when ripe.Seed is spherical, black, 6~July of florescence.9~October of fruiting period.
Originate in various regions and South East Asia Mainland various regions, India and Japan on the south Yangtze River in China basin.Pericarp contains saponin, can generation Soap, timber can do boxboard and wooden comb etc..Root, browse, seed:Bitter, micro-pungent, trembles with fear.It is slightly poisonous.Heat-clearing eliminating the phlegm, disperse accumulations desinsection. For diphtheria, abscess of throat, acute tonsillitis, cough, pertussis, food stagnation malnutrition due to parasitic infestation;It is used for Trichomonas vaginalis outside.Benevolence:It is pungent, put down.Disperse accumulations wards off evil. For infantile malnutrition due to digestive disturbances or intestinalparasites, roundworm disease, inflatable, halitosis in abdomen.
Delavay soapberry pericarp or seed pericarp can manufacture " natural nuisance-free abluent ", be washed for daily containing triterpenoid saponins such as sapindosides Wash:Tableware cleaning, beauty, hair washing, skin care.The fruit of natural plant Chinese soapberry tree, by the system of manually shining, peeling, then Obtained pure pericarp.It can be used directly to extract its effective ingredient -- saponin(e, manufacture natural nuisance-free cleaning supplies -- nothing Suffer from this class natural plants cleaning supplies such as sub- soap breast, Sapindus handmade soap, country has been in Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, U.S. etc. It is fairly popular.Particularly European, even more likes the pericarp of soapberry, not processed, the cotton that is wrapped in from cover to cover knits bag In sub, soaked rub with the hands is squeezed, and it is produced foam, is directly used in laundry, hair washing, ablution.
Akeake(Classification system:Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq), belong to Sapindaceae akeake category.To fill Wood or dungarunga.Sprig is flat, there is narrow wing or a rib, Dan Ye, papery, and lateral vein is more and close, and petiole is short or nearly stockless.Inflorescence is shorter than leaf, Close flower.Capsule reversed cardioid or oblate spheroid.It is distributed in the torrid zone and subtropical zone.
Shrub or dungarunga, it is high 1-3 meters or higher;Sprig is flat, there is narrow wing or corner angle, is covered with gluey mucus.Dan Ye, paper Matter, shapes and sizes variation is very big, linear, wire cochlear, wire lanceolar, lanceolar or Long Circle, long 5-12 centimetres, wide 0.5-4 centimetres, top is short sharp, blunt or round, full edge or unconspicuous shallow wavy, and there is mucus on two sides, hairless, light when doing;Lateral vein It is many and close, it is very very thin;Petiole is short or nearly stockless.Inflorescence basidixed or in sprig top axillary, close flower shorter than leaf, main shaft and branch There are corner angle;Bennet is very thin, long 2-5 millimeters, sometimes up to 1 centimetre;Sepal 4, lanceolar or oblong, are about 3 millimeters, top End is blunt;Stamen 7 or 8, filigree length is not as good as 1 millimeter, 2.5 millimeters of flower pesticide length, and introflexion has gland point;Ovary ellipse, there is glue outside Mucus, Room 2 or 3, style is about 6 millimeters, the drastic crack of top 2 or 3.Capsule reversed cardioid or oblate spheroid, 2 or 3 wings are high 1.5-2.2 lis Rice, fructus forsythiae is wide 1.8-2.5 centimetres, plants epithelium matter or papery, there is vein;Seed is per room 1 or 2, lenticular, black.Autumn at florescence End, at the beginning of last month of spring in fruiting period winter.
Plant plant drought-resistant, germinating power is strong, and well developed root system has habit of growing thickly again, is a kind of good sand-fixation soil-retention seeds.
According to data, akeake is in addition to afforesting and conserving water and soil, and economic use value is not high.
Stage to the utmost has been arrived in modern society, dependence of the people to the chemical substance including detergent, But with the raising of people's level of understanding, many toxic side effects of chemical substance also begin to slowly display, and then occur in that One back to nature, rational knowledge and the trend using chemical products such as synthetic detergents.The various item of in the market it is pure natural The hair washing cleaning product of green non-pollution starts to emerge in large numbers, and price is also better than traditional chemical product.So have using delavay soapberry pericarp or seed natural Hair washing detergent or the cosmetics existing many scientific research institutions and enterprise that the plant material of dirt-removing power is manufactured are in exploitation profit With with deepening continuously for this burst of trend of back to nature, the opportunity that delavay soapberry pericarp or seed turns into natural hair washing detergent raw material has arrived. It is therefore desirable to accelerate to research and develop the biotechnology that delavay soapberry pericarp or seed upgrading is increased production.
However, from the production cultivation technique of current delavay soapberry pericarp or seed, situation but allows of no optimist.Delavay soapberry pericarp or seed grows directly from seeds from seed Seedling at least needs the 5-6 years to bearing fruit, and the best fruiting period, time slow length could be entered by the 8th year.If using delavay soapberry pericarp or seed seedling The grafting of this anvil is carried out, when being also required to 3-4 from surviving to bearing fruit, 5-6 could also enter the best fruiting period.Both modes are intended to Tree crown reaches 2-3 rice diameters, and tree trunk rugosity reaches more than 6-10cm, can effectively be born fruit during 3-4 meters of the height of tree.These are current limits The technical bottleneck that delavay soapberry pericarp or seed yield processed does not increase.On the other hand, delavay soapberry pericarp or seed is grown in that soil is fertile, have abundant water resources mostly Place.And akeake can be grown in barrenr place.
From Plant Taxonomy, akeake and delavay soapberry pericarp or seed belong to Sapindaceae, but belong to different category not, they it Between biological nature differ greatly, both whether can grafting survival, particularly make stock with akeake, delavay soapberry pericarp or seed makees transferring for scion Whether can survive, forefathers did not study, tested if connecing.If this imagination can become a reality, will greatly change this two Plant the ecology and economic value of plant.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention proposes a kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method aiming above mentioned problem, this It is high graft survival rate that the method for kind, which should have the special feature that, and scion growth is fast, and delavay soapberry pericarp or seed fruit fruit-growing time is short, and yield is high, and And accomplish dwarfed plant, dense planting volume increase makes full use of the ground soil resource of poor ridge arid, improve and two kinds of plants of lifting ecology and Economic value.
The present invention proposes this akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method, it is characterised in that have the following steps:
(1)Go out akeake seedling using cultivating seeds and make stock, or choose ready-made akeake plant and make stock;
(2)The upper current-year branch of delavay soapberry pericarp or seed tree that is best in quality, bearing fruit vigorous is chosen as scion;
(3)Delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion is grafted onto on akeake stock, scion is survived.
Step(1)Seedling footpath slightly to reach 3-10mm.
Step(3)Grafting can be that cleft grafting, side grafting or bud connect.
The branch of scion chooses the segment of 1-2 bud, is carried out disinfection before scion grafting, thimerosal uses carbendazim, sterilizes When by branch be put into thimerosal soak 30-60 minutes.
During grafting with film bondage firmly, heat and moisture preserving is carried out to scion.
20-30 days, wound healing recession to be grafted went film to be grown naturally by scion.
Scion survives rear 1-2, and the plant to plant height more than more than 2m carries out top clipping, limits its growth too high.To prevent Because scion is tall and big and occurs to cover, fracture.
During grafting, 2 plants or more than 2 plants of stock cane can be gathered graft union and be integrally formed, form foot-rest type Stock, then the grafting delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion on the stem bar of foot-rest type stock.Stock rugosity and support force are increased with this.
The time of grafting is preferred with annual summer, and autumn and winter take second place, and spring should not be carried out.Because spring young sprout is sprouted Hair, it is unfavorable to survive.
This method of the present invention is proved by testing repeatedly to be effectively grafted onto this low profit of akeake by delavay soapberry pericarp or seed On seeds with value but vitality extra-heavy, and fruit is grown, specific superiority is as follows:
(a)Fruit-growing time shortens, and fruit yield is high.The 2-3 years are only needed from being grafted onto to bear fruit, plant amplitude modulation when bearing fruit 1-2 meters, yield is up to 2-3Kg/ plants, and every mu 100-200 plants, delavay soapberry pericarp or seed fruit yield is up to 400-600Kg/ mus.
(b)Plantation is cheap, and production cost is low.After grafting survival, only need to simply except sprouting, weeding, and a small amount of fertilising just can be just It is frequently grown result, it is no matter rainy or arid can harvest fruit.
(c)After grafting survival, delavay soapberry pericarp or seed stable yield, the best fruiting period is long;
(d)By the foot-rest type graft technology formation combination stock body of many plants of stocks, remarry connect delavay soapberry pericarp or seed technology it is thorough Change the problem of plant is top-heavy after grafting, add plant it is anti-fall cover, resistance to fracture, the height and yield of plant are obtained To corresponding increase, akeake is become arbor forest by bushes, more effectively conserve water and soil, improve the ecological environment, and create Very big sight value;
(e)The looks of waste mountain waste are significantly changed, are that the poverty-stricken area people shake off poverty and set out on the road to prosperity there is provided new technology Means.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 be grafting survival of the present invention in the delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion on akeake seedling from seed stock, transfer the plant in 35 days ages Strain is in kind to shine.
Fig. 2 is grafting survival of the present invention in the delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion of ready-made akeake plant stock, and the plant for transferring 85 days ages is real Thing shines.
The branch of wide leaf portion point is the delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion taken over a job in Fig. 2, and narrow leaf is akeake stock.
Embodiment
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, applicant's unit is tried in the base of oneself with 20 plants of akeake plant before this Test, as a result there are 17 plants of success grafting survivals, nowadays scion Partial Height reaches 30cm, and the biological characteristic of delavay soapberry pericarp or seed is obvious.See attached Fig. 1-2.On this basis, applicant's unit has started to be sowed with seed, cultivates the stock of akeake seedling, treats that stock is grown to Available delavay soapberry pericarp or seed branch then carries out grafting during the thick 3-10mm of stem.The plantation of neighbouring peasant household can be given after grafting survival, it is contemplated that 2-3 can harvest fruit.
By taking the somewhere deserted mountain of applicant location as an example, the plot is the poor ridge deserted mountain of the shallow soil layer of many sandstone, and stony desertification is more tight Weight, about 8000 mu of area, do not grow up tree over the past thousands of years, only some weeds and undershrub and brambles.Last century the nineties Since, have that multiple artificial afforestration has carried out the plantation of akeake to the plot and aircraft is broadcasted sowing, thus currently formed a piece of car Sang Zi wood forest land, average height is less than 1.5m, the thick about 1-3cm of stem of plant.It is several although appearing to be a piece of green vegetation Year in and year out, plant will not grow very high and grow up, in addition to afforestation effect is played, economic value of also You nothing special.With The akeake stem bar of perennation, can be drawn over to one's side colligation grafting by technical scheme, particularly foot-rest type graft technology Get up, the grafting of row delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion again when the wound healing at point to be combined forms new cane, you can to make full use of pin The flourishing root system of frame stock provides nutrition and the moisture of abundance for scion, and the survival rate of this grafting can reach more than 95%, only It is to need especially it is emphasised that there is larger screen resilience due to drawing the stock bar come over to one's side, the rope or film band of colligation are certain It is firm, solution can not be being removed after scion is survived within 5 months, is otherwise there is disintegration, the risk of the scion casualties at healing.
Scion carries out conventional field management after surviving, if necessary except sprouting, prune, top clipping, fertilising is watered, anti-to cure the disease Insect pest etc..Implement by the solution of the present invention, it is contemplated that 3-5, the piece deserted mountain is the delavay soapberry pericarp or seed woods for becoming 3-5 meters of height, and Bear fruit knot, obvious economic benefit is produced while afforestation effect is improved.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method, it is characterised in that have the following steps:
(1)Go out akeake seedling using cultivating seeds and make stock, or choose ready-made akeake plant and make stock;
(2)The upper current-year branch of delavay soapberry pericarp or seed tree that is best in quality, bearing fruit vigorous is chosen as scion;
(3)Delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion is grafted onto on akeake stock, scion is survived, during grafting, more than 2 plants of stock cane is gathered Hold together graft union to be integrally formed, form foot-rest type stock, then the grafting delavay soapberry pericarp or seed scion on the stem bar of foot-rest type stock.
2. akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(1)Seedling footpath Slightly to reach 3-10mm.
3. akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(3)Grafting be Cleft grafting, side grafting or bud connect.
4. akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the branch of scion is chosen The segment of 1-2 bud, is carried out disinfection before scion grafting, and thimerosal uses carbendazim, and branch is put into thimerosal during sterilization and soaked Bubble 30-60 minutes.
5. akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that tied up during grafting with film Tie up is consolidated, and heat and moisture preserving is carried out to scion.
6. akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that after grafting 20-30 days, Wound healing recession to be grafted goes film to be grown naturally by scion.
7. akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that scion survives rear 1-2 Year, the plant to plant height more than more than 2m carries out top clipping, limits its growth too high.
8. according to one of the claim 1-7 akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating methods, it is characterised in that grafting when Between be annual summer, autumn or winter.
CN201510503615.0A 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 A kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method Expired - Fee Related CN105075683B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510503615.0A CN105075683B (en) 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 A kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510503615.0A CN105075683B (en) 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 A kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105075683A CN105075683A (en) 2015-11-25
CN105075683B true CN105075683B (en) 2017-08-01

Family

ID=54557761

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510503615.0A Expired - Fee Related CN105075683B (en) 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 A kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105075683B (en)

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103098654B (en) * 2013-02-25 2014-01-08 安徽科技学院 High-place grafting woody honeysuckle seedling technology
CN104186212A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 张掖市寺大隆林场 Hard branch grafting method for flowering shrubs to form tree flowering shrubs
CN104186216B (en) * 2014-09-22 2016-05-11 北海市东雨农业科技有限公司 A kind of chicken mouth lichee is downgraded dense planting and is early tied cultural method
CN104322283A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-02-04 陆川县大鹏现代农业发展有限公司 Method for grafting high-quality eggplant tree on thorn-free evergreen tree
CN104521574B (en) * 2014-12-22 2017-06-27 中国林业科学研究院亚热带林业研究所 Soapberry high position grafting method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105075683A (en) 2015-11-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102845212B (en) High-efficiency interplanting method for momordica grosvenori and dendrobium officinale
Rein The industries of Japan: Together with an account of its agriculture, forestry, arts and commerce
CN104488670B (en) The mating system of citrus nursery stock
CN104920146A (en) Propagation method for rapid spikelet breeding of ithocarpus polysachyus rehd
CN106069458B (en) A kind of method for culturing seedlings of shaddock
CN106134723A (en) A kind of detoxification implantation methods of gold zone Radix Ipomoeae
CN104126379A (en) Sarcandra glabra seedling raising method
CN104871911A (en) Method of cultivating plums in conserved stony mountain lands
CN107466766A (en) The mating system of Kuerle delicious pear crossbreeding nursery stock
CN106577123A (en) Planting method of randia cochinchinensis
CN104855226A (en) Cultivation method for carambola trees for conserving stony desertification mountains
CN105532409B (en) A method of planting dendrobium nobile in the tree
CN105075683B (en) A kind of akeake stock delavay soapberry pericarp or seed engrafting and cultivating method
CN110073916A (en) A kind of Snakegourd Fruit implantation methods
CN108925358A (en) A kind of implantation methods of organic white beef tea tree
CN108551962A (en) A kind of method of Ling Yaoxing and peach interplanting
Kains Propagation Of Plants-A Complete Guide For Professional And Amateur Growers Of Plants By Seeds, Layers, Grafting And Budding, With Chapters On Nursery And Greenhouse Management
CN107333538A (en) A kind of organic implantation methods of purple perilla
CN107173162A (en) Thorn tender bud open country organic farming technique
Mawe The Universal Gardener and Botanist: Or, A General Dictionary of Gardening and Botany... The Second Edition. Carefully Revised... and Very Much Enlarged, Etc
CN106605558A (en) Fructus aurantii seedling production method
CN104885781A (en) Method for interplanting auricularia in bamboo forest
CN106332710A (en) Northern open field culture method for blueberries
CN107926500B (en) A kind of high-efficient method for cultivating of tsaoko seedling
Mawe et al. The Universal Gardener and Botanist; Or, A General Dictionary of Gardening and Botany, Etc

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170801

Termination date: 20190817

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee