CN105074544A - Display mirror assembly - Google Patents

Display mirror assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105074544A
CN105074544A CN201480017683.XA CN201480017683A CN105074544A CN 105074544 A CN105074544 A CN 105074544A CN 201480017683 A CN201480017683 A CN 201480017683A CN 105074544 A CN105074544 A CN 105074544A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
display
mirror assembly
according
module
configured
Prior art date
Application number
CN201480017683.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
E·J·李
J·A·范德普卢
Original Assignee
金泰克斯公司
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Publication date
Priority to US201361788815P priority Critical
Application filed by 金泰克斯公司 filed Critical 金泰克斯公司
Priority to PCT/US2014/022521 priority patent/WO2014150188A1/en
Publication of CN105074544A publication Critical patent/CN105074544A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/02Rear-view mirror arrangements
    • B60R1/04Rear-view mirror arrangements mounted inside vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • B60R2001/1215Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks with information displays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • B60R2001/1253Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks with cameras, video cameras or video screens

Abstract

A display mirror assembly for a vehicle includes a partially reflective, partially transmissive element; and a full display module mounted behind the partially reflective, partially transmissive element, the display module having an optic block, and a display in optical communication with the optic block, the display being one an in-place switching liquid crystal display, a fringe filed switching liquid crystal display, and a vertically aligned liquid crystal display.

Description

显示镜组件 Display mirror assembly

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明通常涉及一种后视镜组件,更具体地说,涉及一种显示镜组件。 [0001] The present invention relates generally to a rear view mirror assembly, and more particularly, relates to a mirror assembly for a display.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0002] 根据本发明的一个方面,一种车用显示镜组件包括部分反射、部分透射的元件;安装在部分反射、部分透射元件后面的全显示模组,显示模组具有一个光学装置,及与光学装置光通信的显示装置,显示装置是平面内开关液晶显示器、边缘场开关液晶显示器,及垂直排列液晶显示器中的一种。 [0002] In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, a vehicle mirror assembly comprising a display with a partially reflective, partially transmissive element; a partially reflective mounted on the back of the transmissive display part of the whole element module, a display module having an optical device, and the optical communication apparatus with an optical display device, the display device is an in-plane switching liquid crystal displays, fringe field switching liquid crystal displays, and vertical alignment of a liquid crystal display.

[0003] 根据本发明的另一个方面,一种车用显示镜组件包括部分反射、部分透射元件,安装在部分反射、部分透射元件后面的全显示模组,其中显示镜组件经配置其稳态亮度是至少大约2000cd/m2。 [0003] According to another aspect of the invention, a vehicle comprising a partially reflective, partially transmissive element, mounted on a partially reflective, partially transmissive element behind the whole display module, wherein the display component is configured mirror with its steady state display mirror assembly brightness is at least about 2000cd / m2.

[0004] 通过参考下列的说明书、权利要求和附图,本发明的这些和其他特征、优点和目的将被本领域的技术人员进一步理解和掌握。 [0004] reference to the following description, claims and drawings, the present invention These and other features, advantages and objects will be further understood and one skilled in the art to master.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0005] 通过以下详细说明和附图,将更全面地了解本发明,其中: [0005] The following detailed description and accompanying drawings, the present invention will be more fully understood, in which:

[0006] 图1是本发明一个实施例的车用显示镜组件的前透视图; [0006] FIG. 1 is an embodiment of a vehicle with a display front perspective view of the mirror assembly;

[0007] 图2是图1中显示镜组件的底部前透视图; [0007] FIG. 2 is shown in Figure 1 a front perspective view of the bottom mirror assembly;

[0008] 图3是图1中显示镜组件的侧视图; [0008] FIG. 3 is a side view mirror shown in Figure 1 assembly;

[0009] 图4是图1中显示镜组件的部分分解顶部透视图; [0009] FIG. 4 is shown in Figure 1 of the mirror assembly partially exploded top perspective view;

[0010] 图5是图1中显示镜组件的部分分解顶部透视图;及 [0010] FIG. 5 is shown in Figure 1 of the mirror assembly partially exploded top perspective view; and

[0011] 图6是图1中显示镜组件的分解顶部透视图; [0011] FIG. 6 is shown in Figure 1 an exploded top perspective view of the mirror assembly;

[0012] 图7A为按照本发明的一个实施例制作的、呈现显示装置的像素布局的图; Pixel layout of FIG. [0012] Example 7A is prepared according to an embodiment of the present invention, showing the display device;

[0013] 图7B为按照本发明的一个实施例制作的、呈现显示装置的像素布局的图; FIG pixel layout [0013] FIG. 7B embodiment is produced according to one embodiment of the present invention, showing the display device;

[0014] 图8为本发明一个实施例的显示镜组件图; [0014] FIG. 8 show a view of an embodiment of the mirror assembly of the present invention;

[0015] 图9A为本发明一个实施例的显示镜组件图;及 [0015] FIG. 9A show a mirror assembly view of an embodiment of the present invention; and

[0016] 图9B为本发明一个实施例的显示镜组件图。 [0016] FIG. 9B show a mirror assembly of the present embodiment of the invention, FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017]目前阐述的本发明的实施例主要属于与后视镜组件有关的方法步骤和装置部件的组合。 [0017] Embodiments of the present invention is now explained primarily in combinations of method steps related to the mirror assembly and apparatus components. 因此,装置部件与方法步骤已在适当情况下通过图中的常规符号表示,仅显示与理解本发明的实施例有关的具体细节,以免掩盖了对于可受益于本说明书的所属领域的普通技术人员显而易见的细节披露。 Accordingly, the apparatus components and method steps have been represented where appropriate by FIG conventional symbols in the display only specific details to understanding the embodiments of the present invention is related, not to obscure ordinary skill for the art may benefit from the present description pertains disclosure of details apparent. 此外,说明及图纸中的类似数字代表类似元件。 In addition, instructions and the like numerals represent like elements in drawings.

[0018] 在本文件中,关系词语,如第一和第二,顶部和底部等,仅用于将一个实体或作用与另一个实体或作用进行区分,并不一定要求或暗指这样的实体或作用之间存在任何实际的关系或顺序。 [0018] In this document, relational terms such as first and second, top and bottom, for only one entity or action from another entity or action distinguish, does not necessarily require or imply such entities present any actual relationship or order between or action. 词语“包括”或其任何变化形式,都指的是涵盖非排他性包纳,如包括一系列元件的工艺、方法、物品或装置并不仅仅包括那些元件,而且还可能包括这些工艺、方法、物品或装置未明确列出或非固有的其它元件。 The word "comprising" or any variation thereof, refers to a non-exclusive are satisfied package cover, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not those elements solely, but may also include such process, method, article, means or other elements not expressly listed or inherent. 元件之后紧跟“包括一个”并非(并没有更多的限制)在包括该元件的工艺、方法、物品或装置中排除其它相同元件的存在。 Immediately after the element "comprises a" is not (and has no more limitation) exclude the presence of other elements in the same process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.

[0019] 现在参考图1-3,参考数字10通常表示车用显示镜组件。 [0019] Referring now to Figure 1-3, reference numeral 10 generally indicates a vehicle display mirror assembly. 显示镜组件10包括部分反射、部分透射的元件12 (本文件中亦指“玻璃元件”)及显示模组18 (图6),该模组乃通过部分反射、部分透射的元件12予以观察。 Display mirror assembly 10 includes a partially reflective, partially transmissive elements 12 (in this document also refers to the "glass element") and the display module 18 (FIG. 6), which is the module through partially reflective partially transmissive element 12 to be observed. 如图4所示,显示镜组件10进一步包括前屏蔽罩14及后屏蔽罩16,其用来屏蔽及支撑部分反射、部分透射的元件12及显示模组18(图6)。 4, the display 10 before the mirror assembly 14 further includes a shield and a rear shield 16, which is used to support the shield and partially reflective, partially transmissive member 12 and the display module 18 (FIG. 6). 如图5-6所示,显示模组18通常包括若干部件20,包括显示装置22、光学装置24、散热器26及主印刷电路板28。 As shown in Figure 5-6, the display module 18 generally comprises a number of components 20, 22 includes a display device, an optical device 24, the radiator 26 and the main printed circuit board 28. 外壳30至少部分包围前屏蔽罩14、显示模组18及后屏蔽罩16,并包括由此向后延伸的安装构件32。 The front housing 30 at least partially surrounds the shield 14, the display module 18 and the rear shield 16, and includes a mounting member 32 extending rearwardly therefrom. 安装构件32适合安装在汽车的挡风玻璃上。 Suitable mounting member 32 mounted on the car windshield. 显示镜的实例在美国专利申请公开N0.2013/0279014AU2012年4月24日申请的序列号为61/637,527的美国临时专利申请、2013年2月13日申请的序列号为61/764,341的美国专利临时申请及J.VanderPloeg等于2014年2月14日申请的序列号为14/180458、发明名称为“与显示装置一起使用的带抗反射机制的可切换后视镜元件(SWITCHABLE REARVIEW MIRROR ELEMENTWITH ANT1-REFLECT I ON MECHANISMS FOR USE WITH A DISPLAY)的美国专利临时申请中进行了描述,所有这些专利都通过引用而全文并入本发明中。 Examples of display mirror in U.S. Patent Application Publication N0.2013 / 0279014AU Serial No. filed April 24, 2012 as U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61 / 637,527, and Serial No. 13 February 2013 filed 61/764, and provisional U.S. Patent application serial No. J.VanderPloeg equal to February 14, 2014 as application 341 14/180458, entitled "switchable mirror element with antireflection mechanism for use with the display device (sWITCHABLE rEARVIEW MIRROR ELEMENTWITH ANT1-REFLECT I ON MECHANISMS FOR USE WITH a DISPLAY) U.S. provisional Patent application has been described, all of which are incorporated by reference in the present invention.

[0020] 大体上参考图1-3,显示镜组件10具有可视区40,其中包括玻璃元件12的正面42。 [0020] Referring generally to FIGS. 1-3, the mirror assembly 10 has a visible region 40, which includes a front glass element 12, 42. 可视区40可能因美学原因而呈矩形、梯形或任何自定义曲面形状。 Viewable area 40 may be due to aesthetic reasons, rectangular, trapezoidal, or any custom curved shape.

[0021] 参考图4,显示了车用显示镜组件10及部分分解的部件。 [0021] Referring to FIG 4, a vehicle mirror assembly exploded for a display portion 10 and the member. 显示镜组件10包括玻璃元件12、密封显示模组18的前屏蔽罩14及后屏蔽罩16、后壳30及安装构件32。 Display mirror assembly 10 includes a glass member 12, the seal 18 before the display module 14 and the rear shield shield 16, rear housing 30 and the mounting member 32. 如图4_6所示,前屏蔽罩14、后屏蔽罩16及显示模组18的部件包括各种保持特征件,经操作可将显示模组18的若干部件连接至前屏蔽罩14、后屏蔽罩16及将它们彼此相连,并为显示模组18提供支撑。 As shown in FIG 4_6, the front shield 14, the shield member 16 and the display module 18 includes various retention features, the operation may be displayed before several components module 18 is connected to the shield 14, the shield 16 and connects them to each other, and to provide support for the display module 18. 具体而言,前屏蔽罩14包括保持特征件,经操作可将前屏蔽罩14与显示模组18相连;后屏蔽罩16亦具备保持特征件,经操作可将后屏蔽罩16与显示模组18相连。 Specifically, the front shield member 14 includes a retaining feature may be connected to the front shield 14 and the display module 18 by the operation; the shield case 16 also includes a retention feature, it can be manipulated after the shield case 16 and display module 18 is connected. 保持特征件通常包括卡扣连接、突耳及插槽连接、螺丝连接及其他已知的保持特征件。 Retention feature typically comprises a snap connection, the lug and slot connections, screw connections, and other known retention feature. 部分或所有保持特征件亦可通过加入粘合剂进行加固。 Wherein some or all holding member can be reinforced by the addition of a binder. 本发明详细描述了保持特征件的若干非限制性图解不例。 The present invention is described in detail with several non-limiting embodiments not illustrated the retention feature.

[0022] 之后将对显示镜组件10进行更加详细的描述,将从最靠近预期观察者的元件开始描述,并向后逐一向远离观察者的元件延伸。 After the [0022] display mirror assembly 10 will be described in more detail, from the closest to the intended observer described starting element, the element extends away from the viewer and the one by one.

[0023] 如图4所示,玻璃元件12通常呈平面,具有外周46及外周46周围的边界48。 As shown in [0023] FIG 4, generally planar glass element 12, 46 has a boundary and an outer periphery 46 surrounding an outer periphery 48. 边界48可能包括铬环或用于掩盖显示镜组件10中的前屏蔽罩14及位于玻璃元件12后面的其他元件的其他类似涂饰,包括但不限于电致变色装置上的密封件、贴花、发泡粘合剂或移印装置。 Boundary 48 may comprise a ring or a chromium mask for display mirror assembly 10 in the front shield cover 14 and the like finishing element 12 is located behind the other glass element, including but not limited to electroluminescent seal the electrochromic device decals, hair foam adhesive means or pad printing. 边界48可从玻璃元件12的外周46延伸到显示装置22的外缘50。 Boundary 48 may extend from the outer periphery of the glass member 46 to the display device 12 of the outer edge 22 of 50. 或者,可以缩小边界48,确保至少边界48的若干部分不会从外周46延伸到显示装置22的外缘50。 Alternatively, the border 48 can be reduced, ensuring that at least portions of the boundary 48 does not extend from the outer periphery of the display 46 to the outer periphery 50 of the apparatus 22. 玻璃元件12的外围亦可能具有磨砂边缘、斜面边缘或者没有边框。 Peripheral glass element 12 may also have a frosted edge, beveled edge or no border.

[0024] 玻璃元件12可能是光电元件或诸如棱镜等元件。 [0024] The glass member 12 may be a photoelectric element such as a prism or a like element. 光电元件的一个非限制性示例是电致变色介质,其中包括至少一种溶剂、至少一种负极材料及至少一种正极材料。 Non-limiting example of a photovoltaic element is an electrochromic medium which comprises at least one solvent, at least one negative electrode material and at least one positive electrode material. 通常情况下,负极材料与正极材料均为电活性材料且它们之中至少有一种为电致变色材料。 Typically, the anode material and the cathode material and the electroactive materials are at least one of them is electrochromic material. 需要了解的是,不论其通常涵义为何,本文件中将把“电活性” 一词界定为在暴露于特定的电位差之后,氧化状态会发生改变的一种材料。 We need to understand that, regardless of their usual meanings why, this document will "electrical activity" is defined as a material that after exposure to a particular potential difference, will change the oxidation state. 此外,还需要了解的是,不论其通常涵义为何,本文件中将把“电致变色”界定为在暴露于特定的电位差之后,在一个或多个波长的消光系数会发生改变的一种材料。 In addition, to be understood that a generally meaning regardless of what, in this document will be "electrochromic" is defined after exposure to a particular electrical potential difference, will change in the extinction coefficient of one or more wavelengths material. 如本文件所述,电致变色部件包括颜色或不透明度会受到电流影响的材料,即在对该材料提供电流时,其颜色或不透明度会从初相变成次相。 As used in this document, the electrochromic element comprising a color or opacity material will be affected by the current, i.e. when current is supplied to the material, color or opacity which will phase change from the beginning of the second phase. 如下列各项所述,电致变色部件可能为单层、单相部件、多层部件或多相部件:标题为“Electrochromic Layer And Devices Comprising SAME(电致变色层和包括它的器件)”的美国专利5,928,572、标题为“ELECTROCHROMIC COMPOUNDS (电致变色化合物)”的美国专利5,998,617、标题为“ELECTROCHROMIC MEDIUM CAPABLE OF PRODUCINGA PRE-SELECTED COLOR(能产生预选颜色的电致变色介质)”的美国专利6,020,987、标题为“ELECTROCHROMIC COMPOUNDS (电致变色化合物)”的美国专利6,037, 471、标题为“ELECTROCHROMIC MEDIA FOR PRODUCING A PRE-SELECTED COLOR(能产生预选颜色的电致变色介质)”的美国专利6,141,137、标题为“ELECTROCHROMIC SYSTEM(电致变色体系)”的美国专利6,241,916、标题为“NEAR INFRARED-ABSORBING ELECTROCHROMIC COMPOUNDSAND DEVICES COMPRISING SAME (近红外吸收的电致变色化合物和包括它们的器件)”的美国专利6,193,912、标题 As the following, the electrochromic member may be a single layer, single-phase component, or multi-component multi-layer member: entitled "Electrochromic Layer And Devices Comprising SAME (electrochromic layer and including its device)" in U.S. Patent No. 5,928,572, entitled "eLECTROCHROMIC cOMPOUNDS (electrochromic compound)" U.S. Patent No. 5,998,617, entitled "eLECTROCHROMIC MEDIUM cAPABLE oF PRODUCINGA pRE-SELECTED cOLOR (generate electricity preselected color electrochromic medium) "U.S. Patent No. 6,020,987, entitled" eLECTROCHROMIC cOMPOUNDS (electrochromic compound) "of U.S. Patent No. 6,037, 471, entitled" eLECTROCHROMIC mEDIA FOR PRODUCING a pRE-SELECTED cOLOR (to produce a preselected color the electrochromic medium) "of U.S. Patent No. 6,141,137, entitled" eLECTROCHROMIC sYSTEM (electrochromic system), "U.S. Patent No. 6,241,916, entitled" NEAR INFRARED-ABSORBING eLECTROCHROMIC COMPOUNDSAND DEVICES COMPRISING SAME ( U.S. Patent No. electrically near infrared absorbing compound and electrochromic devices comprising them) "in 6,193,912, entitled “COUPLED ELECTROCHROMIC COMPOUNDS WITH PHOTOSTABLEDICAT1N OXIDAT1N STATES (具有光稳定的双阳离子氧化态的偶联的电致变色化合物)”的美国专利6,249,369 及标题为“ELECTROCHROMIC MEDIA WITH CONCENTRAT1N ENHANCEDSTABILITY,PROCESS FOR THE PREPARAT1N THEREOF AND USE IN ELECTROCHROMICDEVICES (具有浓度提高的稳定性的电致变色介质、其制备方法和在电致变色器件中的用途)”的美国专利6,137,620 ;标题为“ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICE (电致变色器件)”的美国专利N0.6,519,072 ;及标题为“ELECTROCHROMIC POLYMERIC SOLID FILMS, MANUFACTURINGELECTROCHROMIC DEVICES USING SUCH SOLID FILMS, AND PROCESSES FOR MAKING SUCHSOLID FILMS AND DEVICES(电致变色聚合物固体膜,使用该固体膜制造电致变色器件,和制备这种固体膜和器件的方法)”、序列号为PCT/US98/05570、标题为“ELECTROCHROMICPOLYMER SYSTEM (电致变色聚合物体系)”的PCT/EP98/03862以及标题为“ELECTROCHROMICPO "COUPLED ELECTROCHROMIC COMPOUNDS WITH PHOTOSTABLEDICAT1N OXIDAT1N STATES (dicationic electrically coupled with the oxidation state of the light-stable photochromic compound)" U.S. Patent No. 6,249,369 and the title is "ELECTROCHROMIC MEDIA WITH CONCENTRAT1N ENHANCEDSTABILITY, PROCESS FOR THE PREPARAT1N THEREOF aND uSE iN ELECTROCHROMICDEVICES (concentration having improved stability of the electrochromic medium, their preparation and use in the electroluminescent electrochromic devices) "of U.S. Patent No. 6,137,620; entitled" eLECTROCHROMIC dEVICE (electrochromic devices ) "U.S. Patent No. N0.6,519,072; and entitled" eLECTROCHROMIC pOLYMERIC sOLID fILMS, MANUFACTURINGELECTROCHROMIC DEVICES uSING SUCH sOLID fILMS, aND PROCESSES FOR MAKING SUCHSOLID fILMS aND DEVICES (electrochromic polymeric solid film, using the solid film a method for producing electrochromic devices, and the preparation of such solid films and devices) ", serial No. PCT / US98 / 05570, entitled" ELECTROCHROMICPOLYMER sYSTEM (electrochromic polymer system) "in PCT / EP98 / 03862 and titled as "ELECTROCHROMICPO LYMERIC SOLID FILMS, MANUFACTURING ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICES USING SUCH SOLIDFILMS, AND PROCESSES FOR MAKING SUCH SOLID FILMS AND DEVICES (电致变色聚合物固体膜,使用该固体膜制造电致变色器件,和制备这种固体膜和器件的方法)”的PCT/US98/05570,上述各项通过完整引用而纳入本文件中。 LYMERIC SOLID FILMS, MANUFACTURING ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICES USING SUCH SOLIDFILMS, AND PROCESSES FOR MAKING SUCH SOLID FILMS AND DEVICES (Method electrochromic polymeric solid film, using the solid film electrochromic devices, and the preparation of films and devices of such solid) "the PCT / US98 / 05570, the above incorporated by reference in full in this document. 玻璃元件12亦可能为具有部分反射、部分透射性能的任何其他元件。 12 and may also be a glass member having a partially reflective, partially transmissive elements in any other properties. 为了向玻璃元件12提供电流,在元件的对侧提供了电气元件,以在两者之间形成电位。 To provide current to the glass element 12, on the opposite side of the element provides an electrical component, to form a potential therebetween. J夹54与各个电气元件之间建立电啮合,元件线缆从J夹54延伸至主印刷电路板28。 J folder 54 to establish electrical engagement between the respective electrical cable member 54 extending to the main element and the printed circuit board 28 from the J clip.

[0025] 现在来参考图5-6,前屏蔽罩14用来屏蔽显示模组18免受射频(RF)电磁辐射的影响,并为玻璃元件12及显示模组18提供支撑。 [0025] Referring now to FIGS. 5-6, the front shield 14 to shield against the display module 18 (RF) radio frequency electromagnetic radiation, and provide support for the glass member 12 and the display module 18. 前屏蔽罩14由一种或多种适合于阻挡射频辐射的材料(包括但不限于钢)制成。 The front shield 14 of one or more suitable material to block radio-frequency radiation (including but not limited to steel). 作为非限制性示例,前屏蔽罩14可由厚度约为0.2毫米的压印钢材制成。 By way of non-limiting example, the front shield 14 may be made of a thickness of about 0.2 mm steel embossing.

[0026] 如图5-6所示,前屏蔽罩14通常为环60的形状,开口62穿过其中。 [0026] As shown in FIG. 5-6, the front shield 14 is generally in the shape of ring 60, an opening 62 therethrough. 前屏蔽罩14具有正面64、后面66及外表面68,其通常与玻璃元件12的外周46具有同等范围。 The front shield 14 has a front 64, back 66 and the outer surface 68, which generally has the same range of the outer periphery 46 of the glass element 12. 前屏蔽罩14包括由此向前延伸的保持特征件70,以机械性地啮合玻璃元件12。 The front shield 14 includes a forwardly extending therefrom retaining features 70, to mechanically engage the glass member 12. 诸如发泡粘合剂72等粘合剂亦可用来将玻璃元件12固定在前屏蔽罩14上。 Foaming adhesive 72 such as an adhesive and the like can also be used a glass member 12 is fixed on the front shield 14. 前屏蔽罩14亦包括带有向后指向的突耳74,经操作可与后屏蔽罩16(或显示模组18的部件)啮合。 Also includes a front shield 14 having rearwardly directed lug 74, can be manipulated with the shield 16 (or module 18 of the display member) meshes. 带有向后指向的突耳74亦包括穿过它的孔76,经操作至少可与显示模组18的一个部件(如光学装置24)啮入口ο With lugs 74 also includes a rearwardly directed hole 76 through it, it can be manipulated at least ο engagement with the inlet member 18 of a display module (e.g., the optical device 24)

[0027] 如图6所示,显示模组18安装在前屏蔽罩14后面,可看见显示装置22穿过前屏蔽罩14的开口62。 [0027] As shown in FIG. 6, the display module 18 is mounted behind the front shield 14, the display device can be seen through the front opening 62 of shield 22 14. 显不模组18的部件有序排列,从前屏蔽罩14依次为后屏蔽罩16、显不装置22、光学装置24、散热器26及主印刷电路板28。 No significant module member 18 of an ordered arrangement, the front shield 14 of the shield case 16 sequentially, not significantly apparatus 22, an optical device 24, the radiator 26 and the main printed circuit board 28.

[0028] 显示装置22通常呈平面,具有界定前表面78边界的外缘50。 [0028] The display device 22 is generally planar, front surface 78 having an outer edge defining the boundary 50. 显示装置22正面78的形状可塑造成对应于及适合于显示镜组件10的可视区40的形状。 22 a front shape of the display device 78 and fashioned adapted to the shape corresponding to the display area 10 of the mirror assembly 40 is visible. 或者,显示装置22可能具有正面78,其可适合于可视区40但并不是对它的补充,举例而言,在这种情况下,显示装置22的正面78通常呈矩形及玻璃元件12的正面42具有曲面外周46。 Alternatively, the display device 22 may have a front surface 78, which may be adapted to the visible region but not its complement 40, for example, in this case, the front of the display device 22 and 78 of generally rectangular glass member 12 curved front surface 42 having an outer periphery 46. 至少沿外缘50的一部分来看,显示装置22的外缘50与玻璃元件12的外周46之间的距离约为9毫米或以下。 An outer edge 50 along at least a portion of the view, the distance between the display device 22, the outer edge of the outer periphery 50 of the element 12 and the glass 46 is about 9 mm or less. 在一个实施例中,显示装置22具有可视的正面78区域,该区域约为玻璃元件12的可视区40的56%至70%左右。 In one embodiment, a visual display device 22 having a front region 78, about 56-70% of the visible region 12 in the region around the glass member 40.

[0029] 显示装置22可能采用IXD、LED、OLED、等离子、DLP或其他显示技术。 [0029] The display device 22 may employ IXD, LED, OLED, plasma, DLP, or other display technologies. 显示装置22进一步包括柔性电连接器80,其经操作可与主印刷电路板28建立机械及电气连接。 The display device 22 further comprises a flexible electrical connector 80, which may be established by operation of the mechanical and electrical connection to the main printed circuit board 28. 柔性电连接器80的长度L足以缠绕显示装置22与主印刷电路板28之间的显示模组18的部件,且宽度基本上可沿显示装置22的上沿82延伸。 The flexible electrical connector of sufficient length L 80 of the member 18 between the display module 28 and the means 22 displays a main printed circuit board is wound, and the width direction of the display device can substantially extend along 22 82. 当柔性电连接器80经操作后与主印刷电路板28相连时,可帮助沿显示模组18的上沿固定部件。 When connected to the main printed circuit board 28 via a flexible electrical connector 80 operation, it may help in the display module 18 along the fixing member.

[0030] 如图5-6所示,光学装置24包括面向显示装置22的正面90、面向散热器26的后侧92及外周94。 [0030] As shown in FIG. 5-6, the optical device 24 includes a front 22 facing the display 90, the rear face 26 of the radiator 92 and the outer periphery 94. 光学装置24亦包括至少沿外周94的一部分,通常由此向外延伸的突耳96。 The optical device 24 also includes lugs 96 along at least a portion of the outer periphery 94 generally extending outwardly therefrom. 突耳96通过前屏蔽罩14中所带有的指向后方的突耳74中的孔76被接收,经操作可机械性地啮合光学装置24与前屏蔽罩14。 Before the lugs 96 by the shield 14 carried by the rearward directed hole 74 in lug 76 is received, the operation may mechanically engage the optical means 24 and the front shield 14. 光学装置24亦包括至少一个安装在其后侧92上的螺丝接收元件98。 The optical device 24 also includes at least one screw mounted on the rear side 92 of the receiving member 98. 螺丝接收元件98适合于啮合通过后屏蔽罩16及光学装置24与后屏蔽罩16之间的显示模组18的部件的螺丝100。 Receiving member 98 is adapted to screw the screw 100 engaged by the shield 16 and the optical device 24 and the rear shield member 16 between the display module 18. 在替代实施例中,用于啮合前屏蔽罩14、螺丝接收元件98或两者的突耳96可安装在显示模组18的不同部件上。 In an alternative embodiment, for engaging the front shield 14, a screw member 98 or both of receiving lug 96 may be mounted on different parts of the display module 18.

[0031] 如图4及图6所示,眩光传感器102安装在光学装置24的正面90,位于可通过玻璃元件12接收光线且并非位于显示装置22后面的位置上。 As shown in [0031] FIGS. 4 and 6, a glare sensor 102 mounted on the front 90 of the optical device 24, it may be positioned to receive light through the glass member 12 and the device 22 is not located at a position behind the display. 眩光传感器102卡入光学装置24的接收口径104。 A glare sensor 102 snaps into aperture optical device receives the 10,424. 眩光传感器102接收来自后面车辆前灯的光线,衡量眩光在玻璃元件12上可见的可能性相关信息,并将该信息传送给显示镜组件10,以便充分利用显示镜组件10,从而通过玻璃元件12观察显示装置22。 A glare sensor 102 receives light from the headlights of the vehicle behind, to measure the likelihood of glare visible information on the glass element 12, and the information is transmitted to the display 10 of the mirror assembly, the mirror assembly to take advantage of the display 10, so that through the glass member 12 observing the display device 22. 眩光传感器102的光垂直/水平图案对称,因此眩光传感器102的方向并不重要。 Glare light sensor vertical / horizontal symmetric pattern 102, and therefore the direction of glare sensor 102 is not important. 眩光传感器102亦可至少部分被包裹在显示镜组件10的外壳30内,且具备可用来将光线传送至眩光传感器102的导光管。 A glare sensor 102 may also be at least partially encased within the display 10 of the mirror assembly housing 30, and includes a can be used to transmit light to the light guide 102 glare sensor tube. 眩光传感器102亦可作为汽车后部的成像器,在成像器中,信号代表接收的光线是从眩光传感器102传送至显示镜组件10。 A glare sensor 102 may be used as the rear of the car imaging, in the imaging device, the signal representing the received light to the display the mirror assembly 10 is transferred from the glare sensor 102.

[0032] 如图5-6所示,散热器26从光学装置24向后安装,用于消散主印刷电路板28及显示模组18的其他部件所产生的热量。 As shown in [0032] FIG. 5-6, the heat sink member 26 of other modules 18 dissipate heat generated by the main printed circuit board 28 and the optical display apparatus 24 is mounted rearwardly, for from. 散热器26通常拥有平面主体110及正面112及上沿114。 Radiator 26 has a generally planar body 110 and the front surface 112 and the edge 114. 槽116沿散热器26的上沿114延伸,并界定前向开口118的界限。 116 along the grooves 114 extending along the radiator 26, and define the limits of the forward opening 118. 侧光式印刷电路板120及空隙填充器122部分位于槽116内,侧光式印刷电路板120通常从散热器26向前垂直延伸,且拥有朝下、远离上沿114的可操作侧面。 Edge type printed circuit board 120 and the void 122 is filled partially within the groove 116, 120 extending generally perpendicularly from the PCB edge type radiator 26 forwardly, and has a downward, away from the upper edge of the side 114 is operable. 侧光式印刷电路板120包括经调整而适合于与主印刷电路板28建立电气连接,以将电源及信号供应给侧光式印刷电路板120的布线。 Edge type comprising a printed circuit board 120 is adapted to be adjusted with the main printed circuit board 28 to establish electrical connection to the power and the signal is supplied to an edge-lit wiring 120 of the printed circuit board. 多元突耳128从散热器26的上沿114向上延伸,从而机械性地啮合后屏蔽罩16。 Polyhydric lug 128 extends upwardly from the upper edge 114 of the radiator 26, thereby mechanically engaging the shield case 16.

[0033] 散热器26亦包括至少一个穿过其间的孔130,以接收从后屏蔽罩16延伸至光学装置24的螺丝100。 [0033] The radiator 26 also includes at least one through aperture 130 therebetween to shield 16 extends from the rear to the optical receiving apparatus of the screw 10,024. 光学装置24的螺丝接收元件98可选择性地升高,以穿过散热器26中的孔130并接收螺丝100。 Screw receiving means 24 of the optical element 98 may be selectively increased, the radiator 26 to pass through the holes 130 and 100 receiving the screws. 光学装置24的螺丝接收元件98亦有助于在制造期间校准显示模组18的部件,并在螺丝接收元件98升高时,在部件的相互作用中额外增强显示模组18的功能。 Screw receiving element of the optical device 24 display member 98 also contributes to the calibration module 18 during manufacture, and increases screw receiving element 98, display module 18 is in the interaction of additional reinforcing member.

[0034] 主印刷电路板28用来为显示模组18的部件及玻璃元件12提供电源及控制。 [0034] The main printed circuit board 28 to the display section 18 and the glass element module 12 provides power and control. 如图5-6所示,主印刷电路板28通常呈平面,且具备正面140、后侧142及侧边144。 As shown in Figure 5-6, the main printed circuit board 28 is generally planar and includes a front 140, rear 142, and sides 144. 正面140面向散热器26,后侧142则面向后屏蔽罩16。 Radiator 26 facing the front 140, rear 142 facing the shield case 16. 电气部件通常安装在主印刷电路板28的后侧142上。 Electrical components are typically mounted on the rear side 142 of the main printed circuit board 28. 主印刷电路板28包括一个经操作可与玻璃元件12的电气元件导线建立电啮合的电连接器、一个经操作可与柔性电连接器80建立电啮合的电连接器及一个经操作可与线束建立电啮合的电连接器。 A main printed circuit board 28 comprises an establishing electrical electrical connector engaged with the electrical component lead glass element 12 by the operation, can establish electrical an electrical connector engages and a through operation of the flexible electrical connector 80 a via the operation with the harness establishing an electrical connector electrically engages. 显示镜组件10上可能安装的其他功能性元件亦可与主印刷电路板28建立电气连接,例如眩光传感器102及显示镜组件10的任何其他功能性按钮或特征件。 Other functional elements display mirror assembly 10 may also be mounted with the main printed circuit board 28 to establish an electrical connection, for example, a glare sensor, or any other functional buttons 102 and display features of the mirror assembly 10. 主印刷电路板28进一步包括沿侧边144分布的侧面开口150,让所使用的螺丝100可以穿过,以将后屏蔽罩16固定到显示模组18的部件上。 The main printed circuit board 28 further includes a side 144 along the side of the distribution openings 150, 100 so that the screw can be used through to the rear shield member 16 is fixed to the display module 18.

[0035] 后屏蔽罩16用来屏蔽显示模组18,让其免受射频辐射的影响。 After [0035] The shield case 16 for shielding the display module 18 will find from the effects of RF radiation. 如图4-5所示,后屏蔽罩16亦用来密封显示模组18,并进一步将显示镜组件10的部件进行互锁。 As shown in FIG 4-5, the shield 16 also serves to seal the display module 18, and further the display section 10 of mirror assembly interlocking. 后屏蔽罩16由适合于阻挡此类辐射并可为显示镜组件10提供所需支撑的材料(如钢)制成。 After the shield case 16 is made of such radiation and the barrier is adapted to display a mirror assembly 10 to provide material (such as steel) of the desired support. 作为非限制性示例,后屏蔽罩16可由厚度约为0.381毫米的压印钢材制成。 By way of non-limiting example, the shield case 16 may be formed in a thickness of about 0.381 mm made of steel platen.

[0036] 如图6所示,后屏蔽罩16包括后壁160 (具有外周162)及外壁164 (其从后壁160向前延伸达到外周162的至少一部分)。 As shown in [0036] FIG 6, the shield 16 comprises a rear wall 160 (having an outer periphery 162) and the outer wall 164 (which extends forwardly from the rear wall 160 at least a portion of the outer periphery 162). 外壁164具有插入其中的插槽166,其与沿散热器26的上沿114安装的直立式突耳128相对应,且经操作可机械性地与之啮合。 Wherein an outer wall 164 having an insertion slot 166, along with the vertical mounting lug 128 114 corresponding to the radiator 26 along, and engaged therewith by operating mechanically. 后屏蔽罩16亦包括至少一个穿过其间以容纳螺丝100的孔168,螺丝100通过这个孔穿过后屏蔽罩16并进入显示模组18的部件中,将后屏蔽罩16固定到显示模组18上。 After the shield case 16 also includes at least one aperture therethrough for receiving the screws 100 168, a screw hole 100 through which the shield case 16 through the rear section and into the display module 18, the shield 16 is fixed to the rear display module 18 on. 螺丝100穿过后屏蔽罩16的后壁160,穿过主印刷电路板28的侧面开口150,最后穿过散热器26,并固定到光学装置24后侧92上的螺丝接收元件98上。 After the screws 100 through the rear wall of the shield case of the 16016 through the side of the main printed circuit board 28 of the opening 150, and finally through the radiator 26, and the screw 24 is fixed to the rear side of the receiving means 92 on the optical element 98.

[0037] 后壳30包括带有指向前方的凹处170,在该处插入其间所支撑的前屏蔽罩14、后屏蔽罩16及显示模组18的整体或一部分。 After [0037] The housing 30 includes a recess 170 having a forwardly directed, where the insertion therebetween supported by a front shield 14, the shield case 16 and the display module 18 or a part of. 后壳30包括机械啮合特征件172,该特征件可卡扣位于后壳30外壁164或显示模组18的部件(如散热器26)上对应的啮合特征件174。 Rear shell 30 includes a mechanical engagement feature 172, the rear member may be a snap feature 30 located on the housing or an outer wall 164 corresponding engagement features on the display module member 18 (heat sink 26) 174. 安装构件32经操作可按任何已知方式与后壳30啮合。 Mounting member 32 via the operation 30 may be engaged with the rear housing in any known manner.

[0038] 就下列说明而言,当一条垂直于玻璃元件12的平面的线向观察者的眼睛的方向延伸时,显示镜组件10就被认为处于“轴上”。 [0038] For the following description, when a line perpendicular to the plane of the glass element 12 extends toward the direction of the eye of the viewer, display mirror assembly 10 is considered in a "axis." 由于观察者通过玻璃元件12观察到显示装置22,因此玻璃元件12上的任何眩光都可能会干扰显示装置22的可见性。 Since the observer observes through the glass member 12 to the display device 22, so any glare on the glass element 12 may interfere with the visibility of the display device 22. 当显示镜组件10位于轴上,并在夜间行驶环境下使用时,尾随车辆(即行驶在装有显示镜组件10的车辆后方的车辆)的前灯可发出驾驶员可清楚看见的刺眼灯光。 When the display assembly 10 is the mirror shaft, and at night with the use environment, the following vehicle (i.e., traveling in the rear of the vehicle with the display of the vehicle mirror assembly 10) can emit headlight glare light clearly visible to the driver. 根据本发明的一个实施例,驱动装置176 (如图2及图6所示)经操作可与显示镜组件10耦合。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the drive means 176 (FIG. 2 and FIG. 6) may be coupled with the display 10 via the operation of the mirror assembly. 驱动装置176运转后,其至少可令玻璃元件12移至轴外(即偏离驾驶员眼中的直线)。 After the operation of the drive means 176, which can make at least an outer glass member 12 to move the shaft (i.e., the eyes of the driver deviates from a straight line). 驱动装置176的运转通常会导致玻璃元件12向上倾斜,从而使镜子移至一个离开轴的位置。 Operation of the drive means 176 typically results in the glass member 12 is inclined upwardly, so that the mirror moves to a position away from the shaft. 然而,我们应该认识到,配置驱动装置176不仅可使显示镜朝着轴的任何方向移动,也可通过配置驱动装置176令显示装置22在驱动装置运转后发生移动,也可通过配置驱动装置176来开启或关闭显示装置22。 However, it should be appreciated that, the driving device 176 can display not only the lens is moved toward a direction of any axis, and drive apparatus 176 can be configured to make the display device 22 from moving in the drive means is operated, the drive means may also be arranged by 176 to turn on or off the display device 22. 因此,在驱动装置176运转以使显示镜移至轴外时,显示装置22可被关闭。 Therefore, when the operation of the driving means 176 to move the outer shaft causes the display mirror, display device 22 may be turned off.

[0039] 此外,为向显示镜组件10的观察者提供信息,当显示镜组件10处于使用中时,显示镜组件10可包括有关视野178的信息(比如部分透射图形叠置情况)或在观察区40内可视的显示装置22上的图像。 [0039] In addition, to display information to a viewer of mirror assembly 10, mirror assembly 10 when the display is in use, the mirror assembly 10 may include the display information (such as a partially transmissive pattern overlaps case) relating to the observation field of view 178, or the image on the display device 22 within the area 40 visible.

[0040] 为组装本文件所述的显示镜组件10,将J夹54安装到玻璃元件12上,然后将元件的线缆焊接到J夹54的顶部,然后再使用发泡粘合剂72及前屏蔽罩14的向前保持特征件70将玻璃元件12固定到前屏蔽罩14的正面64,接着反转前屏蔽罩14,令玻璃元件12向下面对保护面层。 [0040] The display mirror assembly 10 assembled in this document, the J-clip 54 attached to the glass element 12, and the welding wire element 54 to the top of the J clip, and then use the foaming adhesive 72 and the forward cover 14 holding the front shield member 70 is characterized in the shield member 12 is fixed to the glass front face 64 of the cover 14, and then reversing the front shield 14, so the glass element facing the protective layer 12 downwardly.

[0041] 通过将眩光传感器102卡入光学装置24的接收口径104,并将显示装置22粘附到光学装置24上组装第一组件180 (包括显示装置22和光学装置24)(图5)。 [0041] The glare sensor 102 by the optical device into the card receiving aperture 10 424, and the display device 22 is adhered to the assembly on the first assembly 24 of the optical device 180 (including a display device 22 and an optical device 24) (FIG. 5). 粘附显示装置22和光学装置24可能包括给光学装置24的正面90涂上一层粘合剂,然后给粘合剂附上一层离型膜(离型膜可轻易从粘合剂上撕下)。 Adhesive means 22 and the optical display apparatus 24 may include an optical device 24 to the front face 90 coated with adhesive, and then attached to the adhesive layer of release film (release film can be easily torn from the adhesive under). 当需要组装显示装置22和光学装置24时,撕下离型膜,显示装置22便会粘附在光学装置24的正面112。 When the display device 22 requires assembly and an optical device 24, the release film is peeled off, the display device 22 will be adhered to the front surface 112 of the optical device 24. 若要安装显示装置22,需将显示装置22的一边对准光学装置24上的适当位置,然后旋转显示装置22,使其与光学装置24的正面90贴合。 To install the display device 22, the side of the display device 22 for an aligned position on the optical device 24, display device 22 is then rotated, so that the front surface 90 of the optical apparatus 24 attached. 将第一组件180置于前屏蔽罩14后侧66的位置,然后将光学装置24向外延伸的突耳96插入前屏蔽罩14带有向后指向的突耳74的孔76中。 The assembly 180 is placed before the first position of the shield case 14 of the rear side 66, then the lug 24 extending outwardly of the optical device 96 of the front shield 14 is inserted into the hole 76 with lug 74 directed rearward.

[0042] 第二组件182(图5)(包括散热器26、侧光式印刷电路板120)已组装完成。 [0042] The second assembly 182 (FIG. 5) (includes a heat sink 26, a printed circuit board edge type 120) is assembled. 若要组装第二组件182,需将空隙填充器122粘附到侧光式印刷电路板120上。 To assemble the second assembly 182, need to void filler 122 is adhered to the edge type printed circuit board 120. 粘附可能包括给空隙填充器122的一侧涂上粘合剂,然后将空隙填充器122粘附到侧光式印刷电路板120上,以便其不会妨碍侧光式印刷电路板120可操作的一侧,接着将空隙填充器122和侧光式印刷电路板120插入散热器26正面112的槽116的开口中。 May comprise adhering to the adhesive coated side of the gap filler 122, and the gap filler 122 is adhered to the edge type printed circuit board 120, so that it does not interfere with an edge-lit printed circuit board 120 is operable side, then filling the voids 122 and edge type printed circuit board 120 is inserted into the heat sink 26 of the front opening 112 of the groove 116. 在散热器26或侧光式印刷电路板120上安装定位装置,或者同时给二者安装定位装置,以帮助将侧光式印刷电路板和空隙填充器122插入槽116中。 Positioning means mounted on the heat sink 26 or the edge type printed circuit board 120, or both simultaneously mounted to the positioning device to assist in the edge type and the printed circuit board 122 is inserted into void filler tank 116. 将第二组件182置于光学装置24后侧92的位置,然后使光学装置24向后延伸的螺丝接收元件98穿过散热器26的孔130。 The second assembly 182 positions the optical means 24 placed in the rear side 92, and then the screw 24 extending rearwardly optical device receiving element 98 through the aperture 26 of the heat sink 130.

[0043] 将主印刷电路板28置于第二组件182上沿(正面140朝上)之上,并将显示装置22的柔性电连接器80与电连接器配接,然后将第二组件182上沿附近的主印刷电路板28旋转180度,以便正面140贴合散热器26。 [0043] The main printed circuit board 28 is placed along the (140 up front) over the second assembly 182, the flexible electrical connector and the display device 22 and the electrical connector 80 mated, and a second component 182 180 degrees along the rotation near the main printed circuit board 28, the front side 140 bonded to a heat sink 26. 在旋转主印刷电路板28时,柔性电连接器80被缠绕在显示模组18的至少一部分的上沿。 When rotation of the main printed circuit board 28, the flexible electrical connector 80 is wound on at least a portion of the display module 18 along. 将元件的线缆与电连接器80进行电气连接,并将侧光印刷电路板120的线束与电连接器80连接起来。 The electrical cable and connector element 80 is electrically connected, and the harness 80 connected to the electrical connector 120 of the printed circuit board side light.

[0044] 如图4-5所示,将后屏蔽罩16置于主印刷电路板28上,然后使从散热器26向上延伸的突耳128与后屏蔽罩16外壁164上的插槽166啮合。 [0044] As shown in Figure 4-5, the rear shield 16 is placed on the main printed circuit board 28, then lug 128 extending upwardly from the radiator 26 and the rear shield 166 engages slot 164 on the outer wall 16 . 至少将一个螺丝100插入后屏蔽罩16的螺孔168中,使其穿过印刷电路板120中的侧面开口150及散热器26,直至进入光学装置24上的螺丝接收元件98。 At least one screw 100 is inserted into the screw hole 16816 of the shield case and allowed through the side 120 of the printed circuit board 26 and the heat sink opening 150, until the screws 24 into the receiving element of the optical device 98. 最好是以这种方式固定两到三个螺丝100。 This is preferably two or three fixed screws 100.

[0045] 将后壳30的指向前方的凹处170置于后屏蔽罩16之上方,然后扣合后壳30的机械啮合特征件172,使其与散热器26上的相应啮合特征件174啮合。 [0045] The rear case 30 forwardly directed rear recess 170 of the cover 16 is placed over the mask, after closing the mechanical engagement feature 172 of the housing 30 and then snap 174 engages with the corresponding engagement features so that the radiator 26 . 在组装之前,可能需要将安装构件32安装到后壳30上。 Prior to assembly, the mounting member 32 may be necessary on the rear case 30 is mounted.

[0046] 本发明可与美国专利Nos.8,201, 800 ;8,210, 695 ;美国专利申请公开Nos.2014/0063630 Al ;2012/0327234 Al ;2013/0062497 Al ;和2012/0218655 Al,及美国临时专利申请Nos.61/709,716 ;61/707,676 ;和61/704,869中所述的安装系统一起使用,这些专利通过引用而全文并入本专利中。 [0046] The present invention can be used with U.S. Patent No. Nos.8,201, 800; 8,210, 695; U.S. Patent Application Publication Nos.2014 / 0063630 Al; 2012/0327234 Al; 2013/0062497 Al; and 2012/0218655 Al, and U.S. provisional Patent application Nos.61 / 709,716; 61 / 707,676; and a mounting system of claim 61 / 704,869 used together, these patents incorporated by reference in this patent. 此外,本发明可与美国专利Nos.8,264,761 ;8,646,924 和8,643,931 ;美国专利申请公开Nos.2013/01945650 Al ;和2012/0218655Al ;及美国临时专利申请Nos 61/707,625 ;和61/590,259中所述的后视镜封装组件一起使用,这些专利通过引用而全文并入本专利中。 Further, the present invention can be used with U.S. Patent Nos.8,264,761; 8,646,924 and 8,643,931; U.S. Patent Application Publication Nos.2013 / 01945650 Al; and 2012 / 0218655Al; and U.S. Provisional Patent Application Nos 61 / 707,625; and in the rear view mirror assembly package 61 / 590,259 used together, these patents incorporated by reference in this patent. 此外,可以设想本发明包括美国专利Nos.8, 201, 800 ;和8,210,695 ;及美国专利申请公开N0.2012/0268961 Al中所述的框板,这些专利通过引用而全文并入本专利中。 Furthermore, it is contemplated that the present invention includes U.S. Patent No. Nos.8, 201, 800; and 8,210,695; and U.S. Patent Application Publication Al plate in the frame N0.2012 / 0268961, which patents are incorporated by reference in their entirety this patent.

[0047] 本发明所述的显示镜组件具有多个优点:显示模组由前屏蔽罩和后屏蔽罩提供支撑,无需另外单独提供支撑或承板。 It said mirror display assembly [0047] The present invention has several advantages: the display module by a front shield and a rear shield provides support without additional support or carrier plate provided separately. 省去承板,同时增加前屏蔽罩和后屏蔽罩的保持特征件可使显示镜组件更轻,待制造部件更少,并使显示装置的可视范围在显示镜组件更大比例的所有可视区内。 The carrier plate is omitted, while increasing the shield and a rear shield member wherein the front holder can display mirror assembly is lighter, less to be manufactured, and the visual range of the display device may display a greater proportion of all mirror assembly depending on the region.

[0048] —种在本发明中用于在显示装置22的分辨率上选择显示装置22的合适的最初焦点的设计方法,从而在典型的目标观察距离处看不到单个像素点。 [0048] - selecting the appropriate kind of design methods for the initial focus of the display device 22 on the resolution of the display device 22 of the present invention, so that a single pixel do not see the target in a typical observation distance. 如下文所述,车用显示镜10的典型观察距离是大约500mm。 As described below, a typical car is around 500mm viewing distance from the display mirror 10. 因此,如果在显示装置22上显示交替的黑线和白线,普通观察者在目标观察距离处最好应无法分辨这些线。 Accordingly, if the display of alternating black and white lines, an ordinary observer on the display device 22 should preferably not distinguish the lines observed at the target distance.

[0049] 视力为大约20/20的人的视敏度被认为是大约I弧分或大约1/60度。 [0049] The human vision is about 20/20 visual acuity is considered to be about 1/60, or about I degree arc minutes. 通常通过在一定距离的电子显示屏上显示交替的黑线和白线的水平光栅,来对视敏度进行评价。 Typically, visual acuity is evaluated by the level of the grating of alternating black and white lines are displayed on the electronic display certain distance. 视力大约20/20的人在一度的视角内通常能够看清大约60个特征或大约30对黑/白交替线。 About 20/20 visual acuity in a person viewing angle was able to see generally about 60 or about 30 features in the Black / white alternating line. 线密度或以每英寸像素数(PPI)来表示的像素密度可以是一个设计参数。 Pixel density or line density is the number of pixels per inch (PPI) may be represented by a design parameter.

[0050] 在一个后视镜组件应用中,车内人员(如司机)的眼睛与显示装置近似中心之间的距离是观察距离。 [0050] In one application of the rear view mirror assembly, the distance between the approximate center of the vehicle occupant (e.g., driver) and the display means is the eye viewing distance. 为了进行说明但并非进行限制,在一个实施例中,观察距离可以是大约400_至大约1000mm,这取决于几个因素,包括但不限于汽车的内部设计。 For purposes of illustration, but not limitation, in one embodiment, the viewing distance may be from about 400 angstroms to about 1000mm, which depends on several factors, including but not limited to car interior design. PPI可以基于大约600mm以下或大约500mm以下的观察距离。 PPI may be based on the following observation distance of about 600mm or about 500mm less.

[0051] 根据一个实施例,其中观察距离是大约500mm,PPI是大约175PPI,或像素间距是0.1454mm0 [0051] According to one embodiment, where the viewing distance is approximately 500mm, PPI is about 175PPI, or the pixel pitch is 0.1454mm0

[0052] 显示模组18可以包括各种类型的显示装置22,包括但不限于液晶显示器(IXD)。 [0052] The display module 18 may include various types of display device 22, including but not limited to a liquid crystal display (IXD). 可以采用不同类型的LCD,包括但不限于扭曲向列(TN)型、平面内开关(IPS)型、边缘场开关(FFS)型、垂直排列(VA)型等LCD。 It may employ different types of LCD, including, but not limited to, twisted nematic (TN) type, in-plane switching (IPS) type, a fringe field switching (FFS) type, vertical alignment (VA) type and the like LCD. 不同的显示技术通常具有不同的操作特点,如背光传输百分率和角度对比度,但不限于这些特点。 Different display technologies typically have different operating characteristics, such as the angle of the backlight and contrast the percentage of transmission, but is not limited to these features.

[0053] 为了进行解释但并非限制,在操作中,显示镜组件10可以作为汽车的全显示镜使用,在行驶时基本上可以连续操作,相较之下,倒车显示系统仅在车辆操作的某一时间内(即汽车倒档时)使用。 [0053] For purposes of explanation and not limitation, in operation, the mirror assembly 10 may be displayed as a full display mirror car use, substantially continuous operation at the time of traveling, contrast, reverse display of a system operating only in a vehicle within a time (ie when the car reverse) use. 与“稳态”亮度相比,LCD使用发光二极管(LED)背光的镜类倒车监视器通常具有更高的“启动”亮度,这可能是因为LED背光的效率因热量原因随时间下降。 Compared with the "steady state" brightness, the LCD using a light emitting diode (LED) backlight mirror backing monitor class typically have a higher "start" brightness, it may be because the efficiency of the LED backlight decreases with time due to the heat of reasons. 显示镜组件10是一种全镜显示系统,应该比倒车监视器显示装置亮很多,从而显示镜组件10的稳态亮度可以大致等于倒车监视器系统的启动亮度。 Display mirror assembly 10 is a fully mirror display system, the display device should be considerably brighter than the backing monitor, thereby displaying a steady state luminance mirror assembly 10 may be substantially equal to the starting luminance backing monitor system. 因此,根据一个实施例,显示镜组件10可以经配置,使其室温稳态亮度为大约1500cd/m2,优选为2000cd/m2。 Thus, according to one embodiment, the display mirror assembly 10 may be configured so that the brightness of the steady state temperature of about 1500cd / m2, preferably of 2000cd / m2. 与先前的技术中镜类倒车监视器的稳态性能相比,在此实施例中,显示镜组件10的稳态亮度提高了大约50%o Compared with the prior art steady-state performance of the mirror backing monitor class, in this embodiment, the display luminance of the steady state of the mirror assembly 10 is increased by about 50% o

[0054] 显示模组18可以经配置具有可以接受的亮度传输百分率,达到目标亮度。 [0054] The display module 18 may be configured to have a transmission percentage of acceptable brightness, reach the target brightness. 亮度传输是孔径比的函数。 Brightness is a function of the transmission ratio of the aperture. 随着像素密度的增加,孔径比下降,因为不管分辨率如何,每个像素的薄膜晶体管(TFT)与相关驱动连接都具有大致相同的尺寸。 With the increase of pixel density, the aperture ratio drops, regardless of the resolution because each pixel of a thin film transistor (TFT) connected with the associated drive have substantially the same size. 因此,在亮度和分辨率之间存在一种设计折衷。 Accordingly, there is a design tradeoff between brightness and resolution.

[0055] 对于包括电致变色元件12、传输率大约40%的显示镜组件10来说,若目标亮度是至少2000cd/m2,则显示装置22的视频显示输出至少是5000cd/m2。 [0055] For 12 comprises an electric, a transmission rate of approximately 40% of the display device of the electrochromic mirror assembly 10, if the object brightness is at least 2000cd / m2, the video output device 22 displays at least 5000cd / m2 is displayed. 间距小于大约0.15mm时,扭曲向列(TN)型IXD的传输率将是大约3%。 When the pitch is less than about 0.15mm, a twisted nematic (TN) type IXD transmission rate will be about 3%. 因此,要使显示镜组件10的目标稳态亮度为大约2000cd/m2,需要采用稳态输出至少大约166,667cd/m2的LED背光。 Therefore, if the steady-state target display luminance of the mirror assembly 10 is about 2000cd / m2, at least approximately steady-state output need 166,667cd / m2 LED backlight. 相较之下,同样像素间距的FFS IXD的传输率将是大约6%,要实现大约2000cd/m2的目标稳态亮度,需要采用稳态输出至少大约83,333cd/m2的LED背光。 In contrast, the same pixel pitch FFS IXD transmission rate will be about 6% to achieve the target steady state brightness is about 2000cd / m2, the required steady-state output of at least about 83,333cd / m2 LED backlight. 正如人们通常了解的那样,FFS IXD和TN IXD之间孔径比的差别是由于FFS采用清晰的像素电极,而TN IXD采用不透明像素电极引起的。 As it is commonly understood as the difference between the aperture ratio and the TN IXD IXD FFS FFS using clear because the pixel electrode and the transparent pixel electrode using TN IXD caused. 此外,与FFS IXD相比,TN IXD可能每个像素需要一个存储电容器,这样会进一步降低孔径比。 In addition, compared with the FFS IXD, TN IXD may require a storage capacitor for each pixel, so that the aperture ratio is further reduced.

[0056] 通常,当考虑相同尺寸和复杂性的IXD时,与FFS IXD相比,TN IXD是一种成本更低的技术。 [0056] Generally, when considering the same size and complexity IXD, compared with the FFS IXD, TN IXD is a lower cost technique. 但是,在全显示镜组件10中,采用更亮的LED背光所增加的成本抵消了TN LCD可能具有的任何成本优势。 However, in a full display mirror assembly 10, the cost of using an LED backlight brighter offset any increased cost TN LCD may have advantages. 因此,要使视频显示输出至少5000cd/m2,应选择传输率至少5%,优选至少6%的显示装置22。 Therefore, if the video display output at least 5000cd / m2, the transmission rate should be selected at least 5%, preferably at least 6% of the display device 22. 显示装置22可以采用传输率为6%的FFS IXD制造。 The display device 22 may employ a transmission rate of 6% of the FFS IXD manufacture.

[0057] 根据一个实施例,显示装置22的分辨率是大约1280x 240,像素间距小于大约0.15mm,是IPS、FFS 或VA 型LCD。 [0057] According to one embodiment, the resolution of the display device 22 is approximately 1280x 240, a pixel pitch of less than about 0.15mm, is IPS, FFS, or VA type LCD. IPS、FFS 和VA 型LCD 的视角比TN LCD 宽,优于TN LCD,这一点对于从司机眼睛所在位置到显示装置22的最外沿的视角可达30度的显示镜组件10来说非常重要。 IPS, LCD viewing angle and a VA type FFS wider than the TN LCD, TN LCD better, which is very important for most viewing angle means the outer edge 22 of the display up to 30 degrees from the driver mirror assembly 10 for the eye location to display .

[0058] 如图1所示,显示装置22为梯形。 [0058] 1, the display device 22 is trapezoidal. 但是,熟悉本领域的技术人员应该了解的是,显示装置22可以是其它形状,如正方形、矩形、对称、不对称或曲面形状,但不限于这些形状。 However, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the display device 22 may be other shapes, such as square, rectangular, symmetric, asymmetric or curved shape, but are not limited to these shapes. 参考图7A和7B,像素布局会影响一个实施例中非矩形显示装置的性能。 Referring to Figures 7A and 7B, the pixel layout can affect the performance of one case of rectangular display apparatus embodiment of Africa. 由于原色混合,具有斜度的边缘像素195(图7B)具有不一致的颜色,与不具有斜度的边缘像素197相比,性能下降(图7A)。 Since the primary color mixing, with a slope of edge pixel 195 (FIG. 7B) having inconsistent color, and pixels having no inclination edge 197 compared to performance degradation (FIG. 7A). 此外或者替代地,像素间距小与/或采用薄膜或金属层遮蔽会使锯齿边缘不再重要。 Additionally or alternatively, the small pixel pitch / or the shield will no longer important jagged edges or metal thin film layer.

[0059] IPS或FFS型IXD的一个问题是随时间延长,IPS或FFS型IXD内的电荷积聚会导致变色。 [0059] IPS or FFS mode is a problem with IXD is prolonged, IPS or FFS-type charge accumulation in IXD cause discoloration. 图8是本发明一个实施例的LCD元件22端部的部分剖视图。 FIG 8 is a partial sectional view of an end portion 22 of the LCD element to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图中所示,LCD元件22包括一对由位于边缘50附近的密封件205密封在一起并保持一定间距的玻璃基板201和203,从而形成了一个室,在该室内放置液晶显示材料207。 As shown therein, the LCD 22 includes a pair of sealing member by the sealing member 50 is located near an edge 205 together and maintain a certain distance to the glass substrate 201 and 203, thus forming a chamber, the liquid crystal display material 207 is placed in the chamber. 在基板201和203的外表面上安装偏振器209和211。 209 and a polarizer 211 mounted on the substrate 201 and the outer surface 203. 如参考编号215所示,在其中一个基板(如基板201)的内表面上可能形成电荷积聚。 As shown by reference number 215, on the inner surface of one substrate (e.g., substrate 201) may be formed charge accumulation. 为了减少这种电荷积聚215,在显示元件22的前表面78附近积聚电荷的基板201的外表面上提供导电层217,如铟锡氧化物(ITO)层。 To reduce this charge accumulation 215, 217 provide a conductive layer, such as indium tin oxide (ITO) layer in the vicinity of the front surface of the display device 22 to accumulate on the outer surface 78 of the substrate 201 charges. 导电层217可通过导电连接与地面进行电连接。 Conductive layer 217 may be electrically connected by a conductive connection to the ground. 导电连接的电阻是大约10至20欧姆。 Resistance electrically conductive connection is from about 10 to 20 ohms. 导电连接的实例有导电泡沫、胶带、FPC直接连接等或它们的组合,但并不限于这些实例。 Examples of the conductive connection with a conductive foam tape, directly connected to an FPC and the like, or a combination thereof, but is not limited to these examples. 在图8所示的实例中,导电泡沫垫219与金属屏蔽罩14或16中的一个相连接,作为导电连接。 In the example shown in FIG. 8, the conductive foam pad 219 and the metal shield 16 or a cover 14 is connected to a conductive connection.

[0060] 显示镜组件10可以包括三个源驱动器225a、225b和225c,如图9A所示。 [0060] The display mirror assembly 10 may include three source driver 225a, 225b and 225c, shown in Figure 9A. 或者,显示镜组件10可以包括四个源驱动器225a、225b、225c和225d,如图9B所示。 Alternatively, display mirror assembly 10 may include four source driver 225a, 225b, 225c, and 225d, shown in Figure 9B. 与图9A所示实施例相比,图9B的实施例的芯片边缘缩小9A所示。 Compared to the embodiment shown in FIGS. 9A, 9B chip of the embodiment of FIG. 9A narrow edge. 与图9A相比,图9B的芯片边缘可以缩小大约3mm,如9A所示。 Compared with FIG. 9A, FIG. 9B chip edge can be reduced to about 3mm, as shown in FIG 9A.

[0061] 根据一个实施例,在显示装置22的大致每个像素处的TFT(薄膜晶体管)具有半导体材料,如非晶硅、低温多晶硅(LTPS),或金属氧化物(如铟-镓-氧化物)。 [0061] According to one embodiment, substantially in the display at each pixel TFT (Thin Film Transistor) having a semiconductor material such as amorphous silicon, low-temperature polysilicon (LTPS), or a metal oxide device 22 (such as indium - gallium - Oxidation matter). 一般说来,非晶硅TFT是成本最低的TFT技术,但是,由于漏电流,非晶硅TFT对高强度背光(>100,000cd/m2))更敏感,导致对比度损失。 Generally, an amorphous silicon TFT TFT technology is the lowest cost, however, due to the leakage current, high intensity of the backlight amorphous silicon TFT (> 100,000cd / m2) more sensitive), leading to a loss of contrast. 一般说来,当显示模组18具有一系列内置在玻璃内的电路时,可以采用LTPS TFT,但并不限于此,显示模组18是曲面形状,或它们的组合。 Typically, when the display module 18 when the circuit has a series of built-in glass, may be employed LTPS TFT, but is not limited to this, the display module 18 is a curved shape, or a combination thereof. 此外或替代地,由于LTPS的电子迀移率增加,每个像素可以采用更小的TFT,因此,LTPS可以提高亮度传输。 Additionally or alternatively, the electronic Gan LTPS shift rate increases, each pixel of the TFT may be employed smaller, therefore, possible to improve luminance transfer LTPS. 此外或替代地,因为其尺寸更小,更容易采用不透明金属层屏蔽,因此,LTPS TFT对高强度背光的敏感性更低。 Additionally or alternatively, because of their smaller size, easier use of the opaque metal layer mask, therefore, LTPS TFT less sensitivity to high intensity of the backlight.

[0062] 应该了解的是,此处所述本发明的实施例可由一个或多个传统处理器及独特的储存程序指令组成,储存程序指令控制一个或多个处理器,与某些非处理器电路一起,执行此处所述的光电系统的某些、大多数或所有功能。 [0062] It should be understood that the embodiments of the present invention described herein may be one or more conventional processors and unique stored program instructions in stored program instructions that control the one or more processors, with certain non-processor together with the circuit, to perform some, most or all of the functions described herein photovoltaic system. 非处理器电路可能包括但不限于信号驱动器、时钟电路、电源电路及/或用户输入装置。 The non-processor circuits may include, but are not limited to, signal drivers, clock circuits, power source circuits, and / or user input device. 因此,这些功能可能被解释为使用或组装分类系统时所使用的方法步骤。 Thus, these functions may be interpreted as steps of a method or use classification system used in the assembly. 部分或所有功能也可通过并无储存程序指令,或者处于一个或多个专用集成电路(ASIC)中的状态机器执行,而且每一个功能或者某些功能组合都将按照定制逻辑执行。 Some or all functions can not store the program instructions, or in one or more application specific integrated circuits (ASIC) in a state machine to perform, and each function or some combinations of functions are performed in custom logic. 当然,也可两种方法结合使用。 Of course, both methods may be used in combination. 因此,本文件载明了执行这些功能的方法和方式。 Therefore, this document sets out the ways and means to perform these functions. 另外,我们预计尽管具有普通技能的人可能会付出大量辛勤劳动,且许多设计选择都由可用时间、当前技术和经济考虑因素等因素主导,但在本文件所披露概念和原则的指导下,其可在进行最少实验的情况下轻松完成此类软件指令、程序和集成电路。 In addition, although we expect the person of ordinary skill would have paid a lot of hard work and many design choices by available time, current technology, and economic considerations factors such as dominant, but disclosed in this document under the guidance of the concepts and principles that such software instructions easy to complete the case may be performed with minimal experimentation, procedures and integrated circuits.

[0063] 具有本领域普通技能的人将了解所述发明及其他部件的构造并非局限于任何特定材料。 [0063] The person having ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that other components and structure of the invention is not limited to any particular material. 本文件所披露发明的其他示范性实施例可能由各种材料制成,本文件另有所述者除外。 Various embodiments may be made of other materials disclosed in the present document exemplary embodiment of the invention, the present document unless otherwise person.

[0064] 就本披露文件而言,“耦合”一词(包括“耦合”、“正在耦合”及“已耦合”等其他所有形式)一般是指直接或间接地将两个部件(电气或机械)相连。 [0064] For purposes of the present disclosure documents, "coupled" word (including "coupled", "coupled is" and "have been coupled," all other forms) generally refers directly or indirectly to the two components (electrical or mechanical ) is connected. 这种相连在本质上可以是固定的,也可以是不固定的。 Such joining may be stationary in nature and may not be fixed. 这种相连可以通过两个部件(电气或机械)与作为一体成型的整壳体车身的其他中间构件实现,也可通过两个部件实现。 This is connected by two members (electrical or mechanical) to the housing body as a whole is integrally molded to achieve the other intermediate member can also be achieved by the two members. 这种相连在本质上可以是永久性的,也可以是可拆除或可免除的,本文件另有说明者除外。 This is connected in nature may be permanent or may be removable or be exempt, unless otherwise specified by this document.

[0065] 另外值得注意的一点是,示范性实施例中所示的发明元件的构造和设置仅用于解释目的。 [0065] Also noteworthy is that the invention constructed and arranged element in the exemplary embodiment illustrated embodiment for illustrative purposes only. 尽管本披露文件仅详细描述了本发明的几个实施例,但阅览本披露文件的本领域技术人员很容易便会认识到,在实质上不偏离所列举主题的新颖性教导和优点的情况下,许多方面可能都需要修改(如各种元件的尺寸、规格、结构、形状和比例以及参数值、安装设置、材料使用、颜色、方向等方面的变化等)。 Although a few of the disclosure document describes only embodiments of the present invention in detail, but the present disclosure documents viewed skilled in the art will readily recognize that, in the case will materially departing from the novel teachings and advantages of the subject matter recited many aspects may need to be modified (e.g., dimensions of the various elements, specifications, structures, shapes and proportions and parameters, installation settings, change of materials, colors, orientations, etc.). 例如,以整体形式示出的元件可由多个部件构成,或者以多个部件形式示出的元件可以一体成型,且组装操作可以颠倒进行或者以其他方式改变,结构的长度或宽度及/或系统的构件或连接件或其他元件可以改变,设置在元件之间的调节件位置的性质或数目可以改变。 For example, elements shown in the overall form of a plurality of members may be configured, or elements shown in the form of a plurality of members may be integrally formed, and the assembly operation may be reversed or otherwise varied, the length or width of the structures and / or systems the members or connector or other elements may be varied, the nature or number of adjustment positions provided between the elements may be varied elements. 应该注意的是,系统的元件及/或组件可由提供足够强度或耐久性的多种材料中的任一种构成,且可以是各种颜色、材质和多者的组合。 It should be noted that the elements and / or components of the system may provide sufficient strength or durability in any of a variety of materials in a configuration, and may be a combination of various colors, materials and multiple persons. 因此,所有这种修改都旨在纳入本发明的范围内。 Accordingly, all such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of the invention. 在不偏离本发明精神的情况下,可替换、修改、改变和省略理想及其他示范性实施例的设计、操作条件和设置。 Without departing from the spirit of the present invention, alternatives, modifications, variations and embodiments of the design, operating conditions and set over omitted and other exemplary embodiments.

[0066] 熟悉本领域的技术人员及使用本发明的人可以对本发明做出各种改动。 [0066] Those skilled in the art and those who use the invention various modifications may be made to the present invention. 因此,应该清楚,在附图中所示的并且以上所述的实施例仅为说明的目的,并且并非旨在限制该发明的范围,该发明的范围由根据专利法法则(包括等同物原则)解释的随附权利要求限定。 Thus, it should be clear, the purpose of illustration only and the above-described embodiments illustrated in the drawings, and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention and the scope of the invention is defined by the patent laws of France (including the doctrine of equivalents thereof) It defined the appended claim interpretation.

Claims (19)

1.一种车用显示镜组件,其包括: 部分反射、反射透射的元件;及安装在部分反射、部分透射元件后面的全显示模组,所述显示模组包括: 一个光学装置;及与所述光学装置光通信的显示装置,所述显示装置是平面内开关液晶显示器、边缘场开关液晶显示器及垂直排列液晶显示器中的一种。 1. A vehicle display mirror assembly, comprising: a partially reflective, reflecting the transmitted member; and a reflection portion mounted on the back of the transmissive display element is part of the whole module, the display module comprising: an optical device; and with the display device of the optical device in optical communication, the display device is a plane switching liquid crystal display, a fringe field switching liquid crystal displays, and homeotropic alignment of a liquid crystal display.
2.根据权利要求1所述的显示镜组件,其经配置用于观察距离小于大约600mm时。 The display mirror assembly according to claim 1, which is configured for the observation distance is less than approximately 600mm.
3.根据权利要求1-2任一项所述的显示镜组件,其经配置用于观察距离小于大约5 O Omm 时。 3. A display according to claim mirror assembly of any one of claims 1-2, configured as seen from less than about 5 O Omm used.
4.根据权利要求1-3任一项所述的显示镜组件,其中所述全显示模组的像素间距小于大约0.15mm。 4. A display according to claim mirror assembly according to any of claims 1-3, wherein said full pixel pitch of the display module is less than about 0.15mm.
5.根据权利要求1-4任一项所述显示镜组件,其中所述显示装置包括: 基板; 位于所述基板外表面上的导电层;及将所述导电层与地面电连接从而降低所述显示装置内电荷积聚的导电连接。 5. according to any one of claims 1-4 display mirror assembly, wherein said display device comprising: a substrate; a conductive layer on the outer surface of the substrate; and the conductive layer is electrically connected to ground to reduce the said display means the charge accumulation of the conductive connection.
6.根据权利要求1-5任一项所述的显示镜组件,还包括三个源驱动器或四个源驱动器。 6. A display according to claim mirror assembly according to any of claims 1-5, further comprising three or four source driver drives the source.
7.根据权利要求1-6任一项所述的显示镜组件,其中所述显示装置包括适用于所述显示装置每个像素的薄膜晶体管,其中所述薄膜晶体管包括低温多晶硅。 7. A display according to claim mirror assembly of any one of claims 1-6, wherein said display means comprises a thin film transistor applied to each pixel of the display device, wherein said thin film transistor comprising low-temperature polysilicon.
8.根据权利要求1-7任一项所述的显示镜组件,经配置在汽车中作为内后视镜组件使用。 8. A display according to claim mirror assembly of any one of claims 1-7, configured as the mirror assembly in a motor vehicle.
9.根据权利要求1-8任一项所述的显示镜组件,其中所述全显示模组经配置在汽车行驶时基本上连续操作。 9. A display according to claim mirror assembly of any one of claims 1-8, wherein the display module is configured substantially full continuous operation when the vehicle is traveling.
10.一种车用显示镜组件,其包括: 部分反射、反射透射的元件;及安装在部分反射、部分透射元件后面的全显示模组; 其中所述显示镜组件经配置其稳态亮度至少是大约2000cd/m2。 10. A vehicle display mirror assembly, comprising: a partially reflective, transmissive reflecting element; and mounted on the partially reflective, partially transmissive elements behind the whole display module; wherein the mirror assembly configured to display its steady-state brightness of at least It is about 2000cd / m2.
11.根据权利要求10所述的显示镜组件,其经配置用于观察距离小于大约600mm。 Display 11. The mirror assembly of claim 10, which is configured for the observation distance is less than about 600mm.
12.根据权利要求10-11任一项所述的显示镜组件,其经配置用于观察距离小于大约5 O Omm 时。 12. A display according to claim mirror assembly of any one of claims 10-11, configured when the distance is less than observed for approximately 5 O Omm.
13.根据权利要求10-12任一项所述的显示镜组件,其中所述全显示模组的像素间距小于大约0.15mm。 13. A display according to claim mirror assembly of any one of claims 10-12, wherein the display module is full pixel pitch of less than about 0.15mm.
14.根据权利要求10-13任一项所述的显示镜组件,配置在汽车中作为内后视镜组件使用。 14. A display according to claim mirror assembly of any one of claims 10-13, arranged as the rear view mirror assembly in a motor vehicle.
15.根据权利要求10-14任一项所述的显示镜组件,其中所述全显示模组经配置在汽车行驶时基本上连续操作。 15. A display according to claim mirror assembly of any one of claims 10-14, wherein the display module is configured substantially full continuous operation when the vehicle is traveling.
16.一种车用显示镜组件,其包括: 部分反射、反射透射的元件;及安装在部分反射、部分透射元件后面的全显示模组,所述全显示模组包括一种显示装置; 其中所述显示装置是像素间距小于大约0.15mm的边缘场开关液晶显示器; 其中所述显示镜组件经配置,当观察距离是大约500mm时,其稳态亮度至少是大约2000cd/m2o 16. A display for a vehicle mirror assembly, comprising: a partially reflective, reflecting the transmitted member; and a reflection portion mounted on the back of the transmissive display element is part of the whole module, the display module comprises a display whole apparatus; wherein the display device is a pixel pitch of less than about 0.15mm the fringe field switching liquid crystal display; mirror display wherein the component is configured, when viewed from about 500mm, which is at least approximately steady-state brightness of 2000cd / m2o
17.根据权利要求16所述的显示镜组件,其中部分反射、部分透射的元件为电致变色元件。 17. A display according to claim mirror assembly of claim 16, wherein the partially reflective, partially transmissive element is an electrochromic element.
18.根据权利要求16-17任一项所述显示镜组件,其中所述显示装置包括: 基板; 位于所述基板外表面上的导电层;及将所述导电层与地面电连接从而降低所述显示装置内电荷积聚的导电连接。 Any one of claims 16-17 18. A display according to claim mirror assembly, wherein said display device comprising: a substrate; a conductive layer on the outer surface of the substrate; and the conductive layer is electrically connected to ground to reduce the said display means the charge accumulation of the conductive connection.
19.根据权利要求16-18任一项所述的显示镜组件,其中所述全显示模组经配置在汽车行驶时基本上连续操作。 19. A display according to claim mirror assembly of any one of claims 16-18, wherein the display module is configured substantially full continuous operation when the vehicle is traveling.
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WO2014150188A1 (en) 2014-09-25
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