CN105061004A - Preparation method for biological organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Preparation method for biological organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105061004A
CN105061004A CN201510432852.2A CN201510432852A CN105061004A CN 105061004 A CN105061004 A CN 105061004A CN 201510432852 A CN201510432852 A CN 201510432852A CN 105061004 A CN105061004 A CN 105061004A
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fermentation
organic fertilizer
biological organic
carry
biological
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万成刚
杨娇娇
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万成刚
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method for a biological organic fertilizer. The method comprises the following steps: step 1, batching the following raw materials by weight: 5 to 6 parts of municipal sewage sludge, 0.5 to 1 part of pig manure, 1 to 2 parts of tree leaf debris and 3 to 4 parts of plant ash, wherein water contents of the municipal sewage sludge and the pig manure are 50% to 70%; step 2, adding the above-mentioned materials into EM high-temperature aerobic bacteria, and carrying out uniform mixing for primary fermentation; step 3, after the primary fermentation is completed, carrying out pile-turning and cooling, and carrying out mesophilic fermentation for second fermentation; and step 4, subjecting the materials after the second fermentation to drying, carrying mechanical crushing, and adding biological functional bacteria so as to obtain the finished product--the biological organic fertilizer. The preparation method for the biological organic fertilizer provided by the invention has the advantages of simple process, short fermentation cycle, low cost and high fertilizer efficiency, and is capable of effectively utilizing the municipal sewage sludge, thereby avoiding environmental pollution problems caused by improper treatment of the municipal sewage sludge.

Description

A kind of preparation method of biological organic fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer preparation field, specifically a kind of preparation method of biological organic fertilizer.
Background technology
Municipal sludge is the sedimentable matter produced in sewage treatment process, it comprises the floss of the solid particulate such as silt particle, fiber, plant and animal residues in sewage and condensation thereof, the integrated solid material such as metallic element, microorganism, germ, worm's ovum, weed seed of various colloid, organism and absorption.A large amount of municipal sludge is not effectively processed at present, its main Environmental Problems caused is as follows: (1) moisture percentage in sewage sludge is high, non-dewatered sludge water ratio is greater than 90%, preliminary hydro-extraction moisture percentage in sewage sludge is also up to 80%, cause transportation cost high, stack area large, pressing waste landfill yard storage capacity, the problems such as blocking percolate pipe; (2) the easy breed bacteria of mud, not only causes visual pollution, and provides place for growing of other harmful organisms; (3) sludge is placed on and outdoorly gives out foul smell and peculiar smell, and Exposure to Sunlight wind blows, and contaminant particle can cause topsoil; (4) mud is through water soaking, dissolving, and pollutent flows into river course with sewage, and meeting polluted surface water, enters underground water; (5) mud contains heavy metal, if do not controlled, and can contaminated land.As can be seen here, without after the municipal sludge entered environment that appropriate process is disposed, constitute serious threat to the activity of ecotope and the mankind, and how effectively to process municipal sludge, this becomes current people's question of common concern.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve the problem that current municipal sludge fails to be effectively addressed, provide a kind of preparation method of biological organic fertilizer, its overall operation is simple, be convenient to realize, cost is low, effectively can utilize municipal sludge, and the fertilizer efficiency of the fertilizer of preparation is high.
The present invention solves the problem and is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of preparation method of biological organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps:
Step one, to prepare burden by the raw material of following weight part: municipal sludge 5 ~ 6 parts, pig manure 0.5 ~ 1 part, leaf disintegrating slag 1 ~ 2 part, plant ash 3 ~ 4 parts, wherein, the water content of municipal sludge and pig manure is 50% ~ 70%;
Step 2, above-mentioned batching is added EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium mix and carry out first fermentation, wherein, the add-on of EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium is 0.1% ~ 0.2% of gross weight of preparing burden in step one;
Carry out turning cooling after step 3, first fermentation complete, then adopt mesophilic digestion to carry out Secondary Fermentation;
Step 4, the material of Secondary Fermentation is carried out mummification, mechanical disintegration, then add biological function bacterium and obtain finished product materials, wherein, the add-on of function yeast is 0.25% ~ 0.3% of material total amount after Secondary Fermentation.Wherein, the dirt that discharges after can adopting municipal sewage plant or large-scale animal farm wastewater process of municipal sludge of the present invention; The present invention limits municipal sludge and pig manure water content when preparing burden is 50% ~ 70%, is conducive to the growth of biological bacterium colony group; The adding of leaf disintegrating slag in the present invention, can ensure in fermenting process loose ventilative.
Further, carry out in fermenter when carrying out first fermentation in described step 2, first control leavening temperature and be 45 ~ 55 DEG C and keep 2 ~ 3 days, and then be warming up to 60 ~ 65 DEG C of maintenances 4 ~ 7 days.The present invention first 45 ~ 55 DEG C of condition bottom fermentations 2 ~ 3 days, so that microorganism species Fast-propagation, then 60 ~ 65 DEG C of fermentations 4 ~ 7 days, can make organic fast decoupled when first fermentation.The present invention is portion of water evaporation in first fermentation process, and after first fermentation completes, water content is down to about 45%.
Further, during described mesophilic digestion, leavening temperature is 40 ~ 45 DEG C, and fermentation time is 15 days, turning 3 ~ 4 times in fermenting process.The present invention is in Secondary Fermentation process, and also there is portion of water evaporation, after Secondary Fermentation completes, water content is down to about 30%.
Further, during described Secondary Fermentation, fermentation heap heap makes ladder type.Fermentation heap heap is made ladder type by the present invention in Secondary Fermentation process, be convenient to ventilated, make fermentation heap be convenient to maintain in the envrionment temperature of setting, be conducive to profitable strain flourish in windrow, survey and increase probiotics quantity, and organic mass-energy is fully fermented decomposition.
Further, described step 3 is added potassium primary phosphate and stirs before being also included in Secondary Fermentation in material.Wherein, the present invention adds the effect of potassium primary phosphate in Secondary Fermentation process is effectively supplement phosphoric.
Further, in the material in described step 3 after Secondary Fermentation, N P and K three total content is more than or equal to 6%, and nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium=1.3:0.5 ~ 1.3:1.6 ~ 1.8.In the specific implementation, the adjustment of N P and K regulates by interpolation plant ash and humic acid in the present invention.
Further, the biological function bacterium added in described step 4 comprises vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and trace element.
Further, described trace element is the combination of one or more in zinc, boron, iron, manganese and molybdenum, wherein, adds when adding trace element with the form of zinc sulfate, borax, ferric sulfate, manganous sulfate and ammonium molybdate.
In sum, the present invention has following beneficial effect: the overall operation of (1) the present invention is simple, fermentation period is short, municipal sludge is adopted to prepare fertilizer, both production cost can be reduced, municipal sludge effectively can be utilized again, avoid municipal sludge now to deal with the problem of environmental pollution caused improperly.
(2) in the fertilizer prepared of the present invention, organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content are high, and nutrient is comprehensive, and fertilizer efficiency is high, both containing the macroelement that crop is required, again containing trace element and growth-promoting substance, can meet the demand of high-quality vegetables and fruit.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, detailed description is further done to the present invention, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.
Embodiment 1:
A preparation method for biological organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps: step one, prepare burden by the raw material of following weight: municipal sludge 1000kg, pig manure 83kg, leaf disintegrating slag 200kg, plant ash 650kg, wherein, the water content of municipal sludge and pig manure is 50% ~ 70%; Step 2, above-mentioned batching is added EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium mix and carry out first fermentation, wherein, the add-on of EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium is 0.2% of gross weight of preparing burden in step one; Carry out turning cooling after step 3, first fermentation complete, then adopt mesophilic digestion to carry out Secondary Fermentation; Step 4, the material of Secondary Fermentation is carried out mummification, mechanical disintegration, then add biological function bacterium and obtain finished product materials, wherein, the add-on of function yeast is 0.25% of material total amount after Secondary Fermentation.Carry out in fermenter when carrying out first fermentation in the present embodiment step 2, first control leavening temperature and be 45 ~ 55 DEG C and keep 3 days, and then be warming up to 60 ~ 65 DEG C of maintenances 4 days.During the present embodiment mesophilic digestion, leavening temperature is 40 ~ 45 DEG C, and fermentation time is 15 days, turning 4 times in fermenting process.During Secondary Fermentation, fermentation heap heap makes ladder type, adds potassium primary phosphate and stirs, and ensure that in the material after Secondary Fermentation, N P and K three total content is more than or equal to 6% before Secondary Fermentation in material, and nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium=1.3:0.5 ~ 1.3:1.6 ~ 1.8.The biological function bacterium added in the present embodiment step 4 comprises vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and trace element, wherein, trace element is the combination of one or more in zinc, boron, iron, manganese and molybdenum, adds when adding trace element with the form of zinc sulfate, borax, ferric sulfate, manganous sulfate and ammonium molybdate.
At A1, A2 and A3 all plants B1 in tri-plot, B2, B3, B4 and B5 five groups of Hot Pepper Seedlings, often group comprises 100 strain Hot Pepper Seedlings, often in group, the spacing of the Hot Pepper Seedling that any strain Hot Pepper Seedling is adjacent is 50cm, during all Hot Pepper Seedling plantations, difference of altitude is less than 1cm, Hot Pepper Seedling in B1 group does not add chemical fertilizer, every strain Hot Pepper Seedling in B2 group adds the common chemical fertilizer of 750g, every strain Hot Pepper Seedling in B3 group adds fertilizer prepared by 250g the present embodiment, every strain Hot Pepper Seedling in B4 group adds fertilizer prepared by 500g the present embodiment, every strain Hot Pepper Seedling in B5 group adds fertilizer prepared by 750g the present embodiment, plant after 30 days, the average plant height of Hot Pepper Seedling of different fertilization is as shown in table 1 (wherein, Hot Pepper Seedling plant height unit is centimetre):
As shown in Table 1, the fertilizer fertilizer efficiency adopting the present embodiment to prepare is high, can supply the nutrient needed for chili growth, can nurse one's health chili growth.
Embodiment 2:
A preparation method for biological organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps: step one, prepare burden by the raw material of following weight: municipal sludge 1000kg, pig manure 125kg, leaf disintegrating slag 400kg, plant ash 500kg, wherein, the water content of municipal sludge and pig manure is 50% ~ 70%; Step 2, above-mentioned batching is added EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium mix and carry out first fermentation, wherein, the add-on of EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium is 0.15% of gross weight of preparing burden in step one; Carry out turning cooling after step 3, first fermentation complete, then adopt mesophilic digestion to carry out Secondary Fermentation; Step 4, the material of Secondary Fermentation is carried out mummification, mechanical disintegration, then add biological function bacterium and obtain finished product materials, wherein, the add-on of function yeast is 0.3% of material total amount after Secondary Fermentation.Carry out in fermenter when carrying out first fermentation in the present embodiment step 2, first control leavening temperature and be 45 ~ 55 DEG C and keep 2 days, and then be warming up to 60 ~ 65 DEG C of maintenances 7 days.During the present embodiment mesophilic digestion, leavening temperature is 40 ~ 45 DEG C, and fermentation time is 15 days, turning 4 times in fermenting process.During Secondary Fermentation, fermentation heap heap makes ladder type, adds potassium primary phosphate and stirs, and ensure that in the material after Secondary Fermentation, N P and K three total content is more than or equal to 6% before Secondary Fermentation in material, and nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium=1.3:0.5 ~ 1.3:1.6 ~ 1.8.The biological function bacterium added in the present embodiment step 4 comprises vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and trace element, wherein, trace element is the combination of one or more in zinc, boron, iron, manganese and molybdenum, adds when adding trace element with the form of zinc sulfate, borax, ferric sulfate, manganous sulfate and ammonium molybdate.
The present embodiment adopts the identical mode of embodiment 1 to carry out simultaneous test, and when the fertilizer prepared of test display the present embodiment is for planting capsicum, the effect of conditioning chili growth is remarkable.
Embodiment 3:
A preparation method for biological organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps: step one, prepare burden by the raw material of following weight: municipal sludge 1000kg, pig manure 200kg, leaf disintegrating slag 167kg, plant ash 800kg, wherein, the water content of municipal sludge and pig manure is 50% ~ 70%; Step 2, above-mentioned batching is added EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium mix and carry out first fermentation, wherein, the add-on of EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium is 0.1% of gross weight of preparing burden in step one; Carry out turning cooling after step 3, first fermentation complete, then adopt mesophilic digestion to carry out Secondary Fermentation; Step 4, the material of Secondary Fermentation is carried out mummification, mechanical disintegration, then add biological function bacterium and obtain finished product materials, wherein, the add-on of function yeast is 0.28% of material total amount after Secondary Fermentation.Carry out in fermenter when carrying out first fermentation in the present embodiment step 2, first control leavening temperature and be 45 ~ 55 DEG C and keep 3 days, and then be warming up to 60 ~ 65 DEG C of maintenances 5 days.During the present embodiment mesophilic digestion, leavening temperature is 40 ~ 45 DEG C, and fermentation time is 15 days, turning 4 times in fermenting process.During Secondary Fermentation, fermentation heap heap makes ladder type, adds potassium primary phosphate and stirs, and ensure that in the material after Secondary Fermentation, N P and K three total content is more than or equal to 6% before Secondary Fermentation in material, and nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium=1.3:0.5 ~ 1.3:1.6 ~ 1.8.The biological function bacterium added in the present embodiment step 4 comprises vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and trace element, wherein, trace element is the combination of one or more in zinc, boron, iron, manganese and molybdenum, adds when adding trace element with the form of zinc sulfate, borax, ferric sulfate, manganous sulfate and ammonium molybdate.
The present embodiment adopts the identical mode of embodiment 1 to carry out simultaneous test, and when the fertilizer prepared of test display the present embodiment is for planting capsicum, the effect of conditioning chili growth is remarkable.
As mentioned above, the present invention can be realized preferably.

Claims (8)

1. a preparation method for biological organic fertilizer, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Step one, to prepare burden by the raw material of following weight part: municipal sludge 5 ~ 6 parts, pig manure 0.5 ~ 1 part, leaf disintegrating slag 1 ~ 2 part, plant ash 3 ~ 4 parts, wherein, the water content of municipal sludge and pig manure is 50% ~ 70%;
Step 2, above-mentioned batching is added EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium mix and carry out first fermentation, wherein, the add-on of EM high-temperature aerobic bacterium is 0.1% ~ 0.2% of gross weight of preparing burden in step one;
Carry out turning cooling after step 3, first fermentation complete, then adopt mesophilic digestion to carry out Secondary Fermentation;
Step 4, the material of Secondary Fermentation is carried out mummification, mechanical disintegration, then add biological function bacterium and obtain finished product materials, wherein, the add-on of function yeast is 0.25% ~ 0.3% of material total amount after Secondary Fermentation.
2. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, carry out in fermenter when carrying out first fermentation in described step 2, first control leavening temperature and be 45 ~ 55 DEG C and keep 2 ~ 3 days, and then be warming up to 60 ~ 65 DEG C of maintenances 4 ~ 7 days.
3. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, during described mesophilic digestion, leavening temperature is 40 ~ 45 DEG C, and fermentation time is 15 days, turning 3 ~ 4 times in fermenting process.
4. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, during described Secondary Fermentation, fermentation heap heap makes ladder type.
5. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described step 3 is added potassium primary phosphate and stirs before being also included in Secondary Fermentation in material.
6. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in the material in described step 3 after Secondary Fermentation, N P and K three total content is more than or equal to 6%, and nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium=1.3:0.5 ~ 1.3:1.6 ~ 1.8.
7. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the biological function bacterium added in described step 4 comprises vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and trace element.
8. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described trace element is the combination of one or more in zinc, boron, iron, manganese and molybdenum, wherein, adds when adding trace element with the form of zinc sulfate, borax, ferric sulfate, manganous sulfate and ammonium molybdate.
CN201510432852.2A 2015-07-22 2015-07-22 Preparation method for biological organic fertilizer Pending CN105061004A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106699451A (en) * 2016-12-17 2017-05-24 吉林润鑫生态科技发展有限公司 Biological agent for saline land improvement and preparation method of biological agent
CN107522524A (en) * 2017-09-19 2017-12-29 辽宁大学 It is a kind of to utilize nursery soil of residual active sludge in sewage treatment plants and preparation method thereof
CN107903089A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-04-13 兰秋波 A kind of method for preparing fertilizer using accessory substance obtained by treatment of Organic Wastewater
CN108794108A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-11-13 安徽新安古建园林建设股份有限公司 A kind of afforestation organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109384621A (en) * 2017-08-10 2019-02-26 连云港市连威农牧科技有限公司 A method of organic fertilizer is produced using pig manure

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CN102584400A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-07-18 罗文礼 Organic and inorganic compound biological potassium fertilizer with double effects and preparation method
CN102603375A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-07-25 江苏田娘农业科技有限公司 Sewage sludge compost and preparation method of sewage sludge compost
CN103694010A (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-04-02 大地绿源环保科技(北京)有限公司 Ultrahigh-temperature aerobic fermentation method for sludge and application thereof
CN104387135A (en) * 2014-11-02 2015-03-04 贵州柳江畜禽有限公司 Method for producing functional biological organic base fertilizer by using chicken manure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101486600A (en) * 2008-08-04 2009-07-22 通州市瑞鑫机械有限公司 Farm manure and preparation thereof
CN102584400A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-07-18 罗文礼 Organic and inorganic compound biological potassium fertilizer with double effects and preparation method
CN102603375A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-07-25 江苏田娘农业科技有限公司 Sewage sludge compost and preparation method of sewage sludge compost
CN103694010A (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-04-02 大地绿源环保科技(北京)有限公司 Ultrahigh-temperature aerobic fermentation method for sludge and application thereof
CN104387135A (en) * 2014-11-02 2015-03-04 贵州柳江畜禽有限公司 Method for producing functional biological organic base fertilizer by using chicken manure

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106699451A (en) * 2016-12-17 2017-05-24 吉林润鑫生态科技发展有限公司 Biological agent for saline land improvement and preparation method of biological agent
CN109384621A (en) * 2017-08-10 2019-02-26 连云港市连威农牧科技有限公司 A method of organic fertilizer is produced using pig manure
CN107522524A (en) * 2017-09-19 2017-12-29 辽宁大学 It is a kind of to utilize nursery soil of residual active sludge in sewage treatment plants and preparation method thereof
CN107903089A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-04-13 兰秋波 A kind of method for preparing fertilizer using accessory substance obtained by treatment of Organic Wastewater
CN108794108A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-11-13 安徽新安古建园林建设股份有限公司 A kind of afforestation organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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