CN105060125A - High tower cable crane structure and detachment method thereof - Google Patents

High tower cable crane structure and detachment method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105060125A
CN105060125A CN201510553143.XA CN201510553143A CN105060125A CN 105060125 A CN105060125 A CN 105060125A CN 201510553143 A CN201510553143 A CN 201510553143A CN 105060125 A CN105060125 A CN 105060125A
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China
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tower
king
falling
head
pylon
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CN201510553143.XA
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CN105060125B (en
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王毅华
谭志国
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China Three Gorges Corp
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China Three Gorges Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C21/00Cable cranes, i.e. comprising hoisting devices running on aerial cable-ways
    • B66C21/04Cable cranes, i.e. comprising hoisting devices running on aerial cable-ways with cable-ways supported at one end or both ends on bodily movable framework, e.g. framework mounted on rail track

Abstract

The invention discloses a detachment method of a high tower cable crane. A main tower is formed by movably connecting a main tower head and a main tower body. The main tower body is composed of two tower body upright columns. The tops of the two tower body upright columns are movably connected to the bottom of the main tower head. A tower self-descending external pulling winch and a tower self-descending internal pulling winch are arranged in areas near the bottom of the main tower body respectively. The tower self-descending external pulling winch is used for separating the bottoms of the two tower body upright columns of the main tower body outwards. The tower self-descending internal pulling winch is used for storing the bottoms of the two tower body upright columns of the main tower body inwards. A tower head top wind collecting device acts on the top of the main tower head through traction of a top wind collecting rope. A tower head middle wind collecting device acts on the middle of the main tower head through traction of a middle wind collecting rope. By means of the winches, a mast crane and the wind collecting device, the whole main tower can descend stably in the high-position self-descending process and the low-position auxiliary descending process, the main tower descends on a supporting pier and is then detached, and detachment is very convenient.

Description

High tower structure of cable crane and method for dismounting thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to high tower cable machine technology field, particularly relate to a kind of high tower structure of cable crane and method for dismounting thereof.
Background technology
The feature of cable machine be using flexible steel wire rope as lifting, the load-carrying element of hoisting mechanism, the two ends of cable wire support by being arranged at ground supporting bracket (i.e. pylon), flexible steel wire rope (i.e. ropeway carrying-rope) there is loading trolley, suspension heavy weight under loading trolley and on flexible steel wire rope come and go run, have the function such as vertical transport or horizontal transport concurrently.Cable machine is one of preparation of construction the most frequently used in hydroelectric project, and cable machine is all equipped with and reaches that hundreds of rice is even gone up km, weighed tens, the ropeway carrying-rope of up to a hundred tons, and difficulty cable machine being pacified tear open is much larger than the weight-lifting equipment such as door machine, tower machine of routine.Particularly the tower height of high tower cable machine can up to nearly hundred meters, traditional equipment peace method of tearing open utilizes other weight-lifting equipment to implement, that is: tear open by using crawler crane or fixed type weight-lifting equipment (as Men Taji) to pacify piece by piece, if run into tower height when reaching the cable machine of nearly hundred meters, must use the weight-lifting equipment of super-tonnage like this, and this kind of large-tonnage weight-lifting equipment requires to site condition, transportation mode very high.Conventional method for dismounting is: first the weight-lifting equipment of employing super-tonnage, overlength crane arm hangs king-tower pylon top, removes main rope, the pygochord rope head on king-tower pylon respectively by another large-tonnage weight-lifting equipment.The weight-lifting equipment hanging king-tower top by luffing by king-tower pose adjustment for after vertical, untie the tie bolt in the middle part of bottom girder, then this weight-lifting equipment dead slow speed off the hook, king-tower pylon is under the effect of deadweight, article two, supporting leg opens respectively to both sides, king-tower height constantly declines, and final two supporting legs fall on the ground.Decompose after again pylon being carried out temporary support and fixed, remove.This method must use the weight-lifting equipment of two super-tonnages, overlength crane arm, thus less economical, and the requirement of large lifting equipment to place is high, dismounting is difficult.And, in the process that pylon declines, only sometimes cannot overcome by supporting leg deadweight the resistance that the corrosion of supporting leg hinge causes, thus cause removing difficulty.
High tower cable machine is due to demolishing process interference and limiting factor is more, old the giving of equipment removes reasons such as increasing difficulty, and the difficulty of dismounting is often higher than the difficulty of installing.The landform of being arranged by cable machine equipment determines, cable owner tower pylon, secondary tower pylon may be all high towers, makes to remove difficulty larger, traditional peace method of tearing open have less economical, long in time limit, the shortcomings such as high are required to site condition.
Summary of the invention
For the weak point that prior art exists, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of high tower cable machine method for dismounting, the method is hung and is pulled wind devices by winch, mast and can be implemented in and high-order auxiliaryly with low level fall whole king-tower in process from falling and steadily decline, king-tower is allowed to drop on buttress, and then dismantle, remove very convenient.
Object of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of high tower structure of cable crane, comprise king-tower, secondary car, balance truck, pylon outer draw that winch, pylon draw winch in falling, tower head top is pulled in the middle part of wind devices and tower head and pulled wind devices from falling, described king-tower is flexibly connected by king-tower tower head and king-tower tower body and forms, be connected with main rope between described king-tower tower head and secondary car, between described king-tower tower head and balance truck, be connected with pygochord.Described king-tower tower body is made up of two tower body columns, and the top of two tower body columns is movably connected on bottom king-tower tower head respectively, and the bottom of two tower body columns connects respectively by king-tower bottom girder, is provided with king-tower traveling gear bottom king-tower bottom girder.Described pylon draws winch outside falling, pylon draws winch to be arranged at ground neighbouring bottom king-tower tower body respectively in falling, described pylon is from falling the outer winch that draws for being separated the bottom of two of king-tower tower body tower body columns from falling in process in dismounting outwardly, pylon draws winch for being received the bottom of two of king-tower tower body tower body columns inwardly in falling, avoid from falling too fast and initiation potential, pylon draws winch outside falling, pylon draws winch combined action and realizes the rising (adjustment of decline process status and balance) of king-tower tower body and decline in falling, wind devices is pulled by top cable rope draw in the top of king-tower tower head in described tower head top, pull wind devices in the middle part of described tower head by middle part cable rope draw in the middle part of king-tower tower head, tower head top is pulled and to be pulled the common draw of wind devices in the middle part of wind devices and tower head in king-tower tower head and realize all the time plumbness of king-tower tower head in king-tower lifting process.
In order to realize the present invention better, this high tower cable machine method for dismounting also comprises mast and hangs and hang side with mast and pull wind devices, mast hangs arrange corresponding with described king-tower tower head, and the hanging beam hung by mast is hung described king-tower tower head and falls operation to realize in cable machine demolishing process auxiliary; Mast hangs side and pulls wind devices and act on mast furred ceiling portion by winch traction side cable rope.
Further technical scheme is: described main rope is provided with cable machine dolly.
Further technical scheme is: described pylon draws rope traction by pylon outside the tower body column bottom of king-tower tower body from falling the outer winch that draws outside falling, steel rope is provided with pylon at pylon and outer draws assembly pulley from falling outer drawing from falling, and be also provided with in this tower body column bottom the pylon that pylon draws winch draw in fall and draw steel rope in falling, pylon draw in falling steel rope is provided with pylon oneself fall in draw assembly pulley.
A method for dismounting for high tower structure of cable crane, its method for dismounting is as follows:
A, pull wind devices and winch and install: tower head top is pulled and pulls wind devices in the middle part of wind devices and tower head and be installed to corresponding position by earth anchor, wind devices is pulled by top cable rope draw in the top of king-tower tower head in tower head top, pull wind devices in the middle part of tower head by middle part cable rope draw in the middle part of king-tower tower head, pulled by tower head top and to pull the common draw of wind devices in the middle part of wind devices and tower head in king-tower tower head and realize king-tower tower head and be in plumbness;
B, king-tower are high-order from falling: in falling, draw winch to be installed to the corresponding position bottom king-tower tower body by earth anchor from falling outer winch and the pylon of drawing pylon, king-tower tower body has two tower body columns, the equal correspondence of each tower body column is provided with a pylon and in falling, draws winch from falling outer winch and the pylon of drawing, pylon draws rope traction by pylon outside tower body column bottom from falling the outer winch that draws outside falling, and pylon draws winch in falling, to draw rope traction by pylon inside tower body column bottom in falling; Pylon outer draws winch, pylon to draw the tower body column of winch combined action king-tower tower body in falling and to realize in king-tower tower head, king-tower tower body entire lowering process steady from falling, and in decline process, main rope, pygochord be double do to pull wind vertical direction with tower head top pull wind, by the traction of winch make main rope, pygochord double do to pull wind vertical direction with tower head top pull wind, king-tower tower head and king-tower tower body are steadily declined;
C, king-tower low level is auxiliary falls: the ground near king-tower pylon is furnished with mast and hangs, high-order from falling in process at king-tower, and what mast hung that adjustment luffing makes crane arm avoid king-tower pylon falls region, certainly in order to king-tower pylon from falling.Bottom king-tower tower head in time dropping to mast furred ceiling portion, mast hangs luffing and makes crane arm near king-tower pylon, mast lifts king-tower tower head, mast hangs by discharging raising line, king-tower tower head is driven steadily to decline, mast is hung side and pulls wind devices and to be hung in mast by side cable rope draw mast is hung not to both sides beat, ensures the stable of its state;
D, buttress support and remove: king-tower drops to extreme lower position and supports by being arranged at ground buttress, then removes whole king-tower; Then complete secondary car, dismounting that balance truck, mast hang, and reclaim main rope, pygochord, then complete each winch, pull the dismounting of wind devices.
In order to realize the dismounting of high tower structure of cable crane better, the method for dismounting of this high tower structure of cable crane increases steps A 1 between steps A and B, and wherein steps A 1 is as follows:
A1, king-tower obliquity adjust: if king-tower is vertical without tilting, then directly enter step B; If king-tower is in heeling condition, then first the rope head place, two ends of main rope and pygochord is lived with large butterfly clamp clip respectively, then be equipped with the winch of respective model, steel rope and assembly pulley respectively, in order to hold each butterfly mounting board; By adjustment winch folding and unfolding steel rope, king-tower is adjusted to plumbness by heeling condition.
Steps A 1 concrete methods of realizing is as follows with effect:
1, king-tower is from falling auxiliary adjustment of falling front king-tower attitude.Because part cable owner tower running state is for tilting a low-angle to balance truck direction, therefore for this type of cable machine, certainly fall with auxiliary falling before should first adjust king-tower attitude.First the rope head place of main rope and pygochord non-king-tower side is lived with large butterfly clamp clip, be equipped with the winch of respective model, steel rope and assembly pulley, hold butterfly mounting board in order to there to be enough pulling force.King-tower attitude is vertical by tilt adjustments by the adjustment winch folding and unfolding steel rope of main rope and pygochord.
2, fall in process with auxiliary at king-tower from falling, above-mentioned king-tower device for adjusting posture, by adjusting the traction of main rope, pygochord at any time, guarantees that its attitude is in both directions vertical.Can avoid the overtension of main rope, pygochord, to certainly falling, auxiliary process of falling produces and hinders simultaneously.
3, cable machine coverage is large, in demolishing process, interference is large, the measure avoided interference: in (1) main rope decline process, as the interference with main rope, the mode of walking secondary tower separately can be adopted, drive main rope, thus avoid interference, but main rope adjustment winch should be adjusted, to avoid main cable's tension excessive simultaneously in good time.(2) mode adopting support or interim ropeway carrying-rope to make somebody a mere figurehead avoids the interference with below.
The present invention comparatively prior art compares, and has the following advantages and beneficial effect:
(1) structure of cable crane method for dismounting of the present invention, make the Assembly &Disassembly of cable owner tower without the need to relying on ultra-large type weight-lifting equipment, hang and pull wind devices by winch, mast to can be implemented in and high-order auxiliaryly with low level fall whole king-tower in process from falling and steadily decline, king-tower is allowed to drop on buttress, and then dismantle, remove very convenient.
(2) the present invention utilizes multiple stage winch to achieve the dismounting of large-tonnage, high tower, Dynamic stable structures innovatively; The present invention adopt winch, steel rope etc. with low cost, have wide range of applications, can recycle in sundry item, good economy performance; The present invention, without the particular/special requirement of ultra-large type weight-lifting equipment to place, decreases the field construction quantities increased for advancing equipment, has saved the duration.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is king-tower structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that king-tower of the present invention is high-order from falling schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is that Fig. 3 king-tower high position overlooks principle schematic from what fall;
To be that king-tower low level of the present invention is auxiliary fall schematic diagram to Fig. 5;
Fig. 6 is the process step block diagram of high tower structure of cable crane method for dismounting.
Wherein, the name corresponding to the Reference numeral in accompanying drawing is called:
1-king-tower, 11-king-tower tower head, 12-king-tower tower body, 2-main rope, the secondary car of 3-, 4-balance truck, 5-pygochord, 6-cable machine dolly, 7-king-tower bottom girder, 8-king-tower traveling gear, 9-pylon draws winch outside falling, and 91-pylon draws steel rope outside falling, 92-pylon draws assembly pulley outside falling, 10-pylon draws winch in falling, and 101-pylon draws steel rope in falling, and 102-pylon draws assembly pulley in falling, wind devices is pulled at 13-tower head top, pull wind devices in the middle part of 14-tower head, 15-mast hangs side and pulls wind devices, and 16-mast hangs.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 6, a kind of high tower structure of cable crane, comprise king-tower 1, secondary car 3, balance truck 4, pylon outer draw that winch 9, pylon draw winch 10 in falling, tower head top is pulled in the middle part of wind devices 13 and tower head and pulled wind devices 14 from falling, king-tower 1 is flexibly connected by king-tower tower head 11 and king-tower tower body 12 and forms, be connected with main rope 2 between king-tower tower head 11 and secondary car 3, between king-tower tower head 11 and balance truck 4, be connected with pygochord 5; King-tower tower body 12 is made up of two tower body columns, and the top of two tower body columns is movably connected on bottom king-tower tower head 11 respectively, and the bottom of two tower body columns is respectively equipped with king-tower bottom girder 7, is provided with king-tower traveling gear 8 bottom king-tower bottom girder 7; Pylon is on the ground fallen near outer bottom of drawing winch 9, pylon to draw winch 10 to be arranged at king-tower tower body 12 respectively in falling, pylon draws winch 9 for being separated the bottom of two of king-tower tower body 12 tower body columns outwardly outside falling, pylon draws winch 10 for being received the bottom of two of king-tower tower body 12 tower body columns inwardly in falling, and pylon draws winch 9, pylon to draw winch 10 combined action in falling and realizes the rise and fall of king-tower tower body 12 outside falling; Wind devices 13 is pulled by top cable rope draw in the top of king-tower tower head 11 in tower head top, pull wind devices 14 in the middle part of tower head by middle part cable rope draw in the middle part of king-tower tower head 11, tower head top is pulled and to be pulled the common draw of wind devices 14 in the middle part of wind devices 13 and tower head in king-tower tower head 11 and realize king-tower tower head 11 be in plumbness all the time in king-tower 1 lifting process.
The secondary car 3 of the present embodiment is secondary tower, is without pylon, and king-tower is the cable machine of high tower is balance main rope load, and majority is provided with balance truck 4 and pygochord 5 at the opposite side of king-tower 1.And king-tower 1 often tilts to balance truck 4 direction small angle, to reduce the stressed of balance truck 4 and pygochord 5, stablize integral structure.In cable machine operational process, along with the change of main rope 2 load, king-tower 1 inclination angle has small change, but cable machine keeps dynamic stability under the equilibrium activity of main rope 2 and pygochord 5 pulling force.This dynamic stability adds the dismounting difficulty of cable machine undoubtedly.King-tower tower height is high, overall weight is greatly also the difficult point of removing.
This high tower structure of cable crane also comprise mast hang 16 and mast hang side and pull wind devices 15, mast hangs 16 and correspondingly with king-tower tower head 11 to arrange, and the hanging beam hanging 16 by mast hangs described king-tower tower head 11 and falls operation to realize in cable machine demolishing process auxiliary.Mast hangs side and pulls wind devices 15 and hang 16 tops by side cable rope draw in mast.
According to one embodiment of present invention, main rope 2 is provided with cable machine dolly 6.
According to one embodiment of present invention, pylon draws steel rope 91 to draw outside the tower body column bottom of king-tower tower body 12 by pylon from falling the outer winch 9 that draws outside falling, steel rope 91 is provided with pylon at pylon and outer draws assembly pulley 92 from falling outer drawing from falling, and the pylon also drawing in fall steel rope 101 to draw to be provided with pylon to draw winch 10 draw in falling by pylon in this tower body column bottom draws steel rope 101 in falling, pylon draw in falling steel rope 101 is provided with pylon certainly fall in draw assembly pulley 102.
A method for dismounting for high tower structure of cable crane, its method for dismounting is as follows:
A, pull wind devices and winch and install: tower head top is pulled and pulls wind devices 14 in the middle part of wind devices 13 and tower head and be installed to corresponding position by earth anchor, wind devices 13 is pulled by top cable rope draw in the top of king-tower tower head 11 in tower head top, pull wind devices 14 in the middle part of tower head by middle part cable rope draw in the middle part of king-tower tower head 11, pulled by tower head top and to pull the common draw of wind devices 14 in the middle part of wind devices 13 and tower head in king-tower tower head 11 and realize king-tower tower head 11 and be in plumbness;
B, king-tower are high-order from falling: in falling, draw winch 10 to be installed to the corresponding position bottom king-tower tower body 12 by earth anchor from falling outer winch 9 and the pylon of drawing pylon, king-tower tower body 12 has two tower body columns, the equal correspondence of each tower body column is provided with a pylon and in falling, draws winch 10 from falling outer winch 9 and the pylon of drawing, pylon draws steel rope 91 to draw outside tower body column bottom by pylon from falling the outer winch 9 that draws outside falling, and pylon draws winch 10 in falling, to draw steel rope 101 to draw inside tower body column bottom by pylon in falling; Pylon outer draws winch 9, pylon to draw the tower body column of winch 10 combined action king-tower tower body 12 in falling and to realize in the entire lowering process of king-tower tower head 11, king-tower tower body 12 steady from falling, and in decline process, by the traction of winch make main rope 2, pygochord 5 double do to pull wind vertical direction with tower head top pull wind, king-tower tower head 11 and king-tower tower body 12 are steadily declined;
C, king-tower low level is auxiliary falls: the ground near king-tower tower head 11 is furnished with mast and hangs 16, and what mast hung that 16 adjustment luffings make crane arm avoid king-tower 1 pylon falls region, certainly in order to king-tower 1 pylon from falling.Bottom king-tower tower head 11 from drop to mast hang 16 top time, mast hangs 16 luffings and makes crane arm near king-tower 1 pylon, mast hangs 16 and lifts king-tower tower head 11, mast hangs 16 by discharging raising line, king-tower tower head 11 is driven steadily to decline, mast hangs 16 sides and pulls wind devices 15 and hang 16 by side cable rope draw in mast and make mast hang 16 not to both sides beat, ensures the stable of its state;
D, buttress support and remove: king-tower 1 drops to extreme lower position and supports by being arranged at ground buttress, then removes whole king-tower 1; Then complete secondary car 3, balance truck 4, mast hang 16 dismounting, and reclaim main rope 2, pygochord 5, then complete each winch, pull the dismounting of wind devices.
The method for dismounting of high tower structure of cable crane of the present invention is totally divided into three phases (as shown in Figure 6), first stage, utilizes winch to adjust king-tower attitude; Second stage, to utilize winch to carry out king-tower high-order from falling; Three phases, low level is auxiliary to fall to utilize weight-lifting equipment to carry out cable owner tower.
In order to realize the dismounting of high tower structure of cable crane better, the method for dismounting of this high tower structure of cable crane increases steps A 1 between steps A and B, and wherein steps A 1 is as follows:
A1, king-tower obliquity adjust: if king-tower 1 is vertical without tilting, then directly enter step B; If king-tower 1 is in heeling condition, then first the non-king-tower funiculus lateralis head place of main rope 2 and pygochord 5 is lived with large butterfly clamp clip respectively, then be equipped with the winch of respective model, steel rope and assembly pulley respectively, in order to hold each butterfly mounting board; By adjustment winch folding and unfolding steel rope, king-tower 1 is adjusted to plumbness by heeling condition.
Steps A 1 concrete methods of realizing is as follows with effect:
1, king-tower from falling, auxiliary adjustment of falling front attitude.Because cable owner tower running state is for tilting a low-angle to balance truck direction, therefore certainly fall with auxiliary falling before should first adjust king-tower attitude.First the rope head place of main rope and pygochord non-king-tower side is lived with large butterfly clamp clip, be equipped with the winch of respective model, steel rope and assembly pulley, in order to hold butterfly mounting board.King-tower attitude is vertical by tilt adjustments by the adjustment winch folding and unfolding steel rope of main rope and pygochord.
2, fall in process with auxiliary at king-tower from falling, above-mentioned king-tower device for adjusting posture, by adjusting the traction of main rope, pygochord at any time, guarantees that its attitude is in both directions vertical.Can avoid the overtension of main rope, pygochord, to certainly falling, auxiliary process of falling produces and hinders simultaneously.
3, cable machine coverage is large, in demolishing process, interference is large, the measure avoided interference: in (1) main rope decline process, as the interference with main rope, the mode of walking secondary tower separately can be adopted, drive main rope, thus avoid interference, but main rope adjustment winch should be adjusted, to avoid main cable's tension excessive simultaneously in good time.(2) mode adopting support or interim ropeway carrying-rope to make somebody a mere figurehead avoids the interference with below.
First stage: utilize winch to adjust king-tower attitude.First the rope head place of main rope and pygochord non-king-tower side is lived with large butterfly clamp clip, be equipped with the winch of respective model, steel rope and assembly pulley, in order to hold butterfly mounting board.King-tower attitude is vertical by tilt adjustments by the adjustment winch folding and unfolding steel rope of main rope and pygochord.
Second stage: utilize winch to carry out a king-tower high position from falling (as shown in Figure 3), multipair winch and steel rope, assembly pulley is arranged at king-tower place before falling, be mainly near inside king-tower bottom girder and ground arranged a pair of left and right both direction from falling interior releasing hoister machine, near outside king-tower bottom girder, ground is arranged and draw winch outside a pair king-tower bottom girder, arrange respectively at the top of king-tower tower head, middle part and in the middle part of a pair tower head top, tower head, to pull wind winch (two effects playing double insurance to pulling wind, arrange to there is not interference up and down).After ready, the tie bolt in the middle part of king-tower bottom girder is removed, utilize in the deadweight of king-tower tower body two supporting leg and king-tower bottom girder and put in outside and draw winch outward, guarantee that cable machine tower body overcomes hinge resistance, slowly controllably decline.Answer synchro measure, adjustment main rope and pygochord, tower head to pull wind winch in process, keep the vertical of king-tower attitude.When king-tower drops to certain altitude, when the horizontal component of force of tower body two supporting leg is excessive, for avoiding winch, steel rope to overload, need carry out from falling to auxiliary conversion of falling process.
Three phases: low level is auxiliary to fall (as shown in Figure 5) to utilize weight-lifting equipment to carry out cable owner tower.This stage cable owner tower has been in lower height, so just can utilize universal weight-lifting equipment, as mast hang, crawler crane etc. hangs king-tower top, then king-tower is removed after falling winch, steel rope, synchronous adjustment tower head pulls wind winch, and under the prerequisite measuring king-tower all directions squareness, mast hangs slow off the hook, king-tower pylon slowly declines, until two king-tower pylon two supporting legs drop down onto on the buttress on ground completely under the effect of deadweight.Temporary fixed rear to king-tower pylon carry out decomposition remove.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a high tower structure of cable crane, it is characterized in that: comprise king-tower (1), secondary car (3), balance truck (4), pylon draws winch (9) outside falling, pylon draws winch (10) in falling, tower head top is pulled in the middle part of wind devices (13) and tower head and is pulled wind devices (14), described king-tower (1) is flexibly connected by king-tower tower head (11) and king-tower tower body (12) and forms, main rope (2) is connected with between described king-tower tower head (11) and secondary car (3), pygochord (5) is connected with between described king-tower tower head (11) and balance truck (4), described king-tower tower body (12) is made up of two tower body columns, the top of two tower body columns is movably connected on king-tower tower head (11) bottom respectively, the bottom of two tower body columns is connected by king-tower bottom girder (7), is provided with king-tower traveling gear (8) in king-tower bottom girder (7) bottom, described pylon draws winch (9) outside falling, pylon draws winch (10) to be arranged at the bottom of king-tower tower body (12) respectively in falling, described pylon draws winch (9) to separate for the bottom of two tower body columns by king-tower tower body (12) outwardly outside falling, pylon draws winch (10) for being received the bottom of two tower body columns of king-tower tower body (12) from falling in process in dismounting inwardly in falling, pylon draws winch (9) outside falling, pylon draws winch (10) combined action and realizes the rise and fall of king-tower tower body (12) in falling, wind devices (13) is pulled by top cable rope draw in the top of king-tower tower head (11) in described tower head top, pull wind devices (14) in the middle part of described tower head by middle part cable rope draw in the middle part of king-tower tower head (11), tower head top is pulled and to be pulled wind devices (14) common draw in the middle part of wind devices (13) and tower head in king-tower tower head (11) and realize all the time plumbness of king-tower tower head (11) in king-tower (1) lifting process.
2. according to high tower structure of cable crane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise mast and hang (16) and mast and hang side and pull wind devices (15), mast hangs (16) correspondingly with described king-tower tower head (11) is arranged, and mast hangs side and pulls wind devices (15) and act on mast by winch traction cable rope and hang (16) top.
3. according to high tower structure of cable crane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described main rope (2) is provided with cable machine dolly (6).
4. according to high tower structure of cable crane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pylon draws steel rope (91) to draw outside the tower body column bottom of king-tower tower body (12) by pylon from falling the outer winch (9) that draws outside falling, steel rope (91) is provided with pylon at pylon and outer draws assembly pulley (92) from falling outer drawing from falling, and the pylon also drawing winch (10) to draw by pylon in falling inside this tower body column bottom draws steel rope (101) in falling, draw in falling at pylon and steel rope (101) is provided with pylon draws assembly pulley (102) in falling.
5. a method for dismounting for high tower structure of cable crane, is characterized in that: its method for dismounting is as follows:
A, pull wind devices and winch to install: tower head top is pulled and pulls wind devices (14) in the middle part of wind devices (13) and tower head and be installed to corresponding position by earth anchor, wind devices (13) is pulled by top cable rope draw in the top of king-tower tower head (11) in tower head top, wind devices (14) is pulled by middle part cable rope draw in the middle part of king-tower tower head (11) in the middle part of tower head, pulled by tower head top and to pull the common draw of wind devices (14) in the middle part of wind devices (13) and tower head in king-tower tower head (11) and realize king-tower tower head (11) and be in plumbness,
B, king-tower is high-order from falling: in falling, draw winch (10) to be installed to the corresponding position of king-tower tower body (12) bottom by earth anchor from falling outer winch (9) and the pylon of drawing pylon, king-tower tower body (12) has two tower body columns, the equal correspondence of each tower body column is provided with a pylon and in falling, draws winch (10) from falling outer winch (9) and the pylon of drawing, pylon draws steel rope (91) to draw outside tower body column bottom by pylon from falling the outer winch (9) that draws outside falling, pylon draws winch (10) in falling, to draw steel rope (101) to draw inside tower body column bottom by pylon in falling, pylon outer draws winch (9), pylon to draw the tower body column of winch (10) combined action king-tower tower body (12) in falling and to realize in the entire lowering process of king-tower tower head (11), king-tower tower body (12) steady from falling, and in decline process, by the traction of winch make main rope (2), pygochord (5) double do to pull wind vertical direction with tower head top pull wind, king-tower tower head (11) and king-tower tower body (12) are steadily declined,
C, king-tower low level is auxiliary falls: have in king-tower tower head (11) below and hang (16) for king-tower tower head (11) mast of walking that declines, when king-tower tower head (11) bottom from drop to mast hang (16) top time, mast hangs (16) lifts king-tower tower head (11) and king-tower tower head (11) is steadily declined, and mast hangs side and pulls wind devices (15) and hang (16) by side cable rope draw in mast and make mast hang (16) hoisting wirerope to be in all the time vertically state;
D, buttress support and remove: king-tower (1) drops to extreme lower position and supports by being arranged at ground buttress, then removes whole king-tower (1); Then complete secondary car (3), balance truck (4), mast hang the dismounting of (16), and reclaim main rope (2), pygochord (5), then complete each winch, pull the dismounting of wind devices.
6. according to the method for dismounting of high tower structure of cable crane according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: between steps A and B, increase steps A 1, wherein steps A 1 is as follows:
A1, king-tower obliquity adjust: if king-tower (1) is vertical without tilting, then directly enter step B; If king-tower (1) is in heeling condition, then first the rope head place, two ends of main rope (2) and pygochord (5) is lived with large butterfly clamp clip respectively, be equipped with the winch of respective model, steel rope and assembly pulley more respectively, in order to hold each butterfly mounting board; By adjustment winch folding and unfolding steel rope, king-tower (1) is adjusted to plumbness by heeling condition.
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