CN105059537B - UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) - Google Patents

UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105059537B
CN105059537B CN201510490493.6A CN201510490493A CN105059537B CN 105059537 B CN105059537 B CN 105059537B CN 201510490493 A CN201510490493 A CN 201510490493A CN 105059537 B CN105059537 B CN 105059537B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
unmanned plane
fuselage
motor
gripper shoe
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510490493.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105059537A (en
Inventor
查海卫
辛绍杰
张婧
李林冬
蔚国飞
陈睿
Original Assignee
上海电机学院
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Priority to CN201510490493.6A priority Critical patent/CN105059537B/en
Publication of CN105059537A publication Critical patent/CN105059537A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105059537B publication Critical patent/CN105059537B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) which comprises a main body, a stretching unit, a driving unit and a steering unit, wherein the main body comprises a vehicle body, a support plate located below the vehicle body and wheels located below the support plate; the stretching unit comprises side wings hinged to two sides of the main body and a stretching motor for driving the side wings to rotate; the driving unit comprises a plurality of rotors fixed on the vehicle body, a plurality of first driving motors for driving the rotors to rotate respectively and a plurality of second driving motors for driving the rotors to rotate in different directions; the steering unit comprises an air deflector fixed at the end part of the vehicle body and a rotating motor for driving the air deflector to rotate. The UAV can hover vertically as well as take off and land vertically like a helicopter or a four-propeller aircraft and has super-high maneuverability.

Description

Unmanned plane

Technical field

The present invention relates to military unmanned probing apparatus field, particularly a kind of unmanned plane.

Background technology

Unmanned plane plays an important role in military unmanned probing field, especially for the exploration and danger of tera incognita The investigation in area, all plays great effect, and modern war is put forward higher requirement to unmanned plane:Should high maneuverability, Possesses larger flying radius again.Existing unmanned plane scheme is difficult to meet above-mentioned requirements

Helicopter and four leaf oar aircraft can VTOL, but Helicopter Flight Control System exploitation is complicated, not easy care, and Four leaf oar aircraft energy consumptions are big, flight speed is low, flying radius very little;Fixed wing airplane flight energy consumption is little, flying radius big, but VTOL realizes complexity with hovering, and is not suitable for the investigation in narrow and small location..It is current can realize VTOL nobody Machine is divided into two big class:Thrust orientation formula and deflected-thrust.There is mechanism's complexity in thrust orientation formula unmanned plane, not easy care, fly Control system complex, the shortcomings of energy consumption is larger in long-distance raid;Or deflected-thrust unmanned plane then complex structure, realize Difficulty, or maneuverability performance is not enough.

The content of the invention

For at least one problem for solving to mention in background technology, present invention proposition is a kind of both can be as helicopter Realize hovering, VTOL and the high maneuverability of vertical direction, while and can be using wing as fixed-wing lift enter The unmanned plane of the long-distance raid of the relative low energy consumption of row.

To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of unmanned plane, including:Main body, the main body include fuselage, position In the gripper shoe below the fuselage and the runner below the gripper shoe;Stretch unit, the stretch unit include The flank for being articulated with the main body both sides and the stretching, extension motor for driving the flank rotation;Driver element, the driver element Including the multiple rotors, multiple first motors for driving each rotor rotational respectively for being fixed on the fuselage and point Multiple second motors for not driving each described rotor rotational direction to change;Steering unit, it is described including being fixed on The deflector of fuselage end and the steer motor of the driving deflector rotation.

Optionally, it is fixed by many support bars between the fuselage and the gripper shoe.

Optionally, also including photographic head, the photographic head is fixedly installed in the gripper shoe and near the gripper shoe Front end.

Optionally, it is described to stretch the left and right sides that motor is fixed on the gripper shoe rear end.

Optionally, also including guide rail, nut, leading screw and connecting rod, the guide rail has guide groove, wherein the guide rail is located at Described to stretch motor side and be fixed in the gripper shoe, the bottom of the nut is embedded in the guide groove of the guide rail, described Internal thread through hole in the middle part of nut is placed on the leading screw, and the hinge of the nut top is hinged with the bottom of connecting rod.

Optionally, the hinge at the top of the connecting rod is hinged with the hinge of the flank bottom.

Optionally, the bottom of the rotor is fixedly linked with second motor.

Optionally, first motor is fixed on the lower section of the fuselage.

Optionally, the deflector is fixed on the fuselage by bearing.

Optionally, the bearing is included the outer ring being fixedly linked with the deflector bottom and is fixed on the fuselage Inner ring.

The beneficial effect of unmanned plane of the present invention:The unmanned plane adopts leaf oar for power, can fly as helicopter and four leaf oars Row device is vertically hovered like that, VTOL, with ultrahigh maneuverability;And in cruising flight, 2 leaf oars can overturn 90 °, together When, wing tip can launch, and now, unmanned plane is deformed into the fixed wing airplane of delta wing configuration, with higher flight speed, can To carry out long-distance raid, and now only 2 leaf oars work, and its energy consumption is less, with larger flying radius.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart of unmanned plane of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the rearview of unmanned plane of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the upward view of unmanned plane of the present invention.

Wherein:Fuselage 1, flank 2, gripper shoe 3, deflector 4, outer ring 5, inner ring 6, steer motor 7, the first motor 8, Connecting shaft 9, photographic head 10, support shaft 11, front-wheel 12, trailing wheel 13, first support bar 14, rotor 15, the second motor 16, stretch Exhibition motor 17, guide rail 18, guide groove 19, nut 20, leading screw 21, connecting rod 22, second support bar 23

Specific embodiment

To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with each reality of the accompanying drawing to the present invention The mode of applying is explained in detail.However, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that in each embodiment of the invention, In order that reader more fully understands the application and proposes many ins and outs.But, even if there is no these ins and outs and base In many variations and the modification of following embodiment, it is also possible to realize each claim of the application technical side required for protection Case.

The present invention is to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of unmanned plane, with reference to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, to this Embodiment is described in detail.

The unmanned plane that the present embodiment is provided includes main body, stretch unit, driver element, steering unit, and wherein main body includes Fuselage 1, second support bar 23, gripper shoe 3, photographic head 10, support shaft 11, front-wheel 12, trailing wheel 13, first support bar 14;Second 23 points of support bar is multigroup, is fixed with fuselage 1 at the top of which, and bottom is fixedly connected with gripper shoe 3, and photographic head 10 is installed on gripper shoe The front side on 3 top, the top of support shaft 11 are connected with the bottom of gripper shoe 3, front-wheel 12, trailing wheel 13 top respectively with support The bottom of axle 11 is fixed;First support bar 14 distinguishes frame in two through holes before and after fuselage 1.

Stretch unit includes flank 2, stretches motor 17, guide rail 18, guide groove 19, nut 20, leading screw 21, connecting rod 22;Two 2 end of flank and the fuselage two ends on side are hinged;Stretch motor 17 and be fixed on the 3 rear portion left and right sides of gripper shoe, guide rail 18 is arranged at The front portion of motor 17 is stretched, and is fixed in gripper shoe 3;The bottom of nut 20 is embedded in the guide groove of guide rail 18, in the middle part of nut 20 Internal thread through hole be placed on leading screw 21, hinge and the bottom of connecting rod 22 at top are hinged, the hinge at the top of connecting rod 22 It is hinged with the hinge of 2 bottom of flank.

Driver element includes rotor 15, the second motor 16, the first motor 8, connecting shaft 9;The bottom of rotor 15 Fix with the second motor 16, the second motor 16 in front and back is fixed in first support bar 14, the first motor 8 is solid Due to the bottom of fuselage 1, the top of the first motor 8 is connected with 9 bottom of connecting shaft, the top of connecting shaft 9 respectively with left and right Second motor 16 of both sides is connected.

Steering unit includes deflector 4, outer ring 5, inner ring 6, steer motor 7;The bottom of deflector 4 and the outer ring 5 of bearing Fixed, the inner ring 6 of bearing is fixed on the rear portion of fuselage 1, and steer motor 7 is fixed on the lower section at 1 rear portion of fuselage.

Carrying out practically mode of the present invention is:Operator has debugged the initial setting up state of unmanned plane, opens four first drives Galvanic electricity machine 8, the carrying out that now unmanned plane can be vertical go up to the air, then enter the rotor 15 of both sides by controlling the second motor 16 The rotation that 90 degree of row, now unmanned plane can advance, then by controlling steer motor, can be with left-right rotation deflector 4, can be with Suitably turned to as requested, in whole flight course, support the photographic head 10 of prelaminar part to be shot in real time simultaneously Message is passed to into operator by being wirelessly transferred, and when end of operation, then rotor is inverted by controlling the second motor 16 90 degree, can now carry out vertical decline.

Deformable VUAV proposed by the present invention combines VUAV and fixed-wing unmanned plane Advantage, both can realize long-distance raid with VTOL, hovering again, and advantage is clearly.

It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the respective embodiments described above are to realize the specific embodiment of the present invention, And in actual applications, can to which, various changes can be made in the form and details, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of unmanned plane, it is characterised in that include:
Main body, the main body include fuselage, the gripper shoe below the fuselage and turning below the gripper shoe Wheel;
Stretch unit, the stretch unit include the flank for being articulated with the main body both sides and drive stretching for the flank rotation Exhibition motor, the stretching, extension motor are fixed on the left and right sides of the gripper shoe rear end, and the stretching, extension motor also includes guide rail, spiral shell Female, leading screw and connecting rod, the guide rail have guide groove, wherein the guide rail is located at the stretching, extension motor side and is fixed on described In gripper shoe, the bottom of the nut is embedded in the guide groove of the guide rail, and the internal thread through hole in the middle part of the nut is placed on described On leading screw, the hinge of the nut top is hinged with the bottom of connecting rod;Driver element, the driver element include being fixed on institute The multiple rotors for stating fuselage, multiple first motors for driving each rotor rotational respectively and each institute is driven respectively State multiple second motors that rotor rotational direction changes;
Steering unit, including the steer motor of the deflector and driving deflector rotation for being fixed on the fuselage end.
2. unmanned plane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pass through many between the fuselage and the gripper shoe Support bar is fixed.
3. unmanned plane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include photographic head, the photographic head is fixedly installed on In the gripper shoe and near the front end of the gripper shoe.
4. unmanned plane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Under the hinge at the top of the connecting rod and the flank The hinge in portion is hinged.
5. unmanned plane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bottom of the rotor is solid with second motor It is fixed to be connected.
6. unmanned plane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First motor is fixed under the fuselage Side.
7. unmanned plane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The deflector is fixed on the fuselage by bearing On.
8. unmanned plane according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The bearing includes and deflector bottom fixing phase Outer ring even and the inner ring being fixed on the fuselage.
CN201510490493.6A 2015-08-11 2015-08-11 UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) CN105059537B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510490493.6A CN105059537B (en) 2015-08-11 2015-08-11 UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle)

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510490493.6A CN105059537B (en) 2015-08-11 2015-08-11 UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle)

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CN105059537A CN105059537A (en) 2015-11-18
CN105059537B true CN105059537B (en) 2017-05-17

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106347657B (en) * 2016-09-30 2019-02-19 扬州锐德飞科技有限公司 A kind of unmanned plane and its working method for geography information exploration
CN107948582B (en) * 2017-10-31 2020-06-12 易瓦特科技股份公司 A unmanned aerial vehicle for powder sign
CN107820049B (en) * 2017-10-31 2020-06-12 易瓦特科技股份公司 System for powder marking
CN107888874B (en) * 2017-10-31 2020-04-03 易瓦特科技股份公司 Device for powder marking
CN108313281A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-07-24 西北工业大学 A kind of variable configuration unmanned plane
CN109204784A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-01-15 佛山皖和新能源科技有限公司 A kind of unmanned aerial vehicle body windage regulating device

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CN1772561A (en) * 2004-11-08 2006-05-17 赵润生 Complex rotary wine/off-set rotary wine craft
CN201211928Y (en) * 2008-05-29 2009-03-25 哈尔滨盛世特种飞行器有限公司 Culvert single rotor saucer-shaped unmanned aircraft
CN102126553A (en) * 2010-01-12 2011-07-20 北京航空航天大学 Vertically taking off and landing small unmanned aerial vehicle
CN102897317A (en) * 2011-07-29 2013-01-30 奥格斯塔韦斯兰股份公司 Convertiplane
CN103448910A (en) * 2013-08-31 2013-12-18 西北工业大学 Aircraft capable of vertically taking off and landing at high speed

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JP3368377B2 (en) * 1999-06-29 2003-01-20 六郎 細田 Aircraft
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1772561A (en) * 2004-11-08 2006-05-17 赵润生 Complex rotary wine/off-set rotary wine craft
CN201211928Y (en) * 2008-05-29 2009-03-25 哈尔滨盛世特种飞行器有限公司 Culvert single rotor saucer-shaped unmanned aircraft
CN102126553A (en) * 2010-01-12 2011-07-20 北京航空航天大学 Vertically taking off and landing small unmanned aerial vehicle
CN102897317A (en) * 2011-07-29 2013-01-30 奥格斯塔韦斯兰股份公司 Convertiplane
CN103448910A (en) * 2013-08-31 2013-12-18 西北工业大学 Aircraft capable of vertically taking off and landing at high speed

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