CN105058105A - Machine tool machining center with special fixtures for triangle body workpieces - Google Patents

Machine tool machining center with special fixtures for triangle body workpieces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105058105A
CN105058105A CN201510518907.1A CN201510518907A CN105058105A CN 105058105 A CN105058105 A CN 105058105A CN 201510518907 A CN201510518907 A CN 201510518907A CN 105058105 A CN105058105 A CN 105058105A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
triangle
pressing plate
workpiece
special fixture
base
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510518907.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105058105B (en
Inventor
沈成辉
Original Assignee
佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司
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Application filed by 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 filed Critical 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司
Priority to CN201510518907.1A priority Critical patent/CN105058105B/en
Publication of CN105058105A publication Critical patent/CN105058105A/en
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Publication of CN105058105B publication Critical patent/CN105058105B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated

Abstract

The invention discloses a machine tool machining center with special fixtures for triangle body workpieces. The machine tool machining center with the special fixtures for the triangle body workpieces comprises a machine tool body, the special fixtures for the triangle body workpieces, X-axis guide rails and a handpiece with a tool magazine. The special fixtures for the triangle body workpieces are arranged on the machine tool body. The X-axis guide rails are laid on the machine tool body. The handpiece is erected on the X-axis guide rails and capable of sliding in the X-axis direction. The special fixtures for the triangle body workpieces are mainly composed of base plates, bases, first pressing plates and power cylinders. According to the machine tool machining center with the special fixtures for the triangle body workpieces, the special fixtures for the triangle body workpieces are arranged on a machine tool and Y connectors and the bases with through grooves are applied in a matched mode, so that the fixtures can achieve clamping of different surfaces of two triangle body workpieces at the same time through the matching of the pressing plates; the machine tool machining center with the special fixtures for the triangle body workpieces has the characteristics of being high in positioning precision, firm in clamping and easy to operate.

Description

A kind of machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture
Technical field
The present invention relates to Machining Technology field, particularly relate to a kind of machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture.
Background technology
Frock clamp is widely used in machining, assembling process.Usual frock clamp can only realize the clamping of standard workpiece, and the clamping processing for nonstandard workpiece is often unable to do what one wishes, needs the design carrying out new fixture by the shape of practical work piece and processing request.In current field of machining, clamping processing can not be implemented to the different surfaces of same class workpiece when processing triangle body workpiece in conventional machine tooling center simultaneously, and existing machine tooling center also exist location not precisely, clamp built on the sand with unhandy problem.
Therefore, when processing triangle body workpiece, while how improving the positioning accurate accuracy at machine tooling center, clamp steadiness and operation ease and realizing the different surfaces to similar triangle body workpiece, clamping processing has become those skilled in the art and has contained technical problem to be solved.
Summary of the invention
In order to the deficiency solved the problem, the object of the invention is to provide a kind of machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture, have when processing triangle body workpiece positioning accurate accuracy high, clamp firm and be easy to the advantage that operates, and clamping processing can be implemented to the different surfaces of two triangle body workpiece simultaneously, can be widely used.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture, comprises the head of bed piece, triangle body workpiece special fixture, X-axis guide rail and band tool magazine;
Described triangle body workpiece special fixture is located on described bed piece, and described X-axis guide rail is layed on described bed piece, and described headstock is located on described X-axis guide rail and also can be slided along X-direction;
Described triangle body workpiece special fixture forms primarily of base plate, base, the first pressing plate and actuating cylinder;
Described base is located on described base plate, described base digs the first groove that cross section is del;
Described actuating cylinder is located at the side of described base plate and is connected with described first pressing plate by Y-shaped connector;
Described first pressing plate and described Y-shaped connector hinged and can rotate up and down around the hinged place of described first pressing plate and described Y-shaped connector;
Described base is provided with the second pressing plate near a side external surface of described first pressing plate, described second pressing plate and described first pressing plate not parallel.
As above-mentioned a kind of a kind of preferred version with the machine tooling center of triangle body workpiece special fixture, described base plate digs the gathering sill that cross section is convex, described first pressing plate is connected with carriage release lever, and the bottom of described carriage release lever is inserted in also can along the groove of described gathering sill to slip in described gathering sill.
As above-mentioned a kind of a kind of preferred version with the machine tooling center of triangle body workpiece special fixture, described first pressing plate is provided with the first gauge finder towards the one side of workpiece.
As above-mentioned a kind of a kind of preferred version with the machine tooling center of triangle body workpiece special fixture, described second pressing plate is provided with the second gauge finder towards the one side of workpiece.
As above-mentioned a kind of a kind of preferred version with the machine tooling center of triangle body workpiece special fixture, described base plate is provided with shim pack towards the one side of workpiece, and described shim pack is between described first pressing plate and the second pressing plate.
As above-mentioned a kind of a kind of preferred version with the machine tooling center of triangle body workpiece special fixture, also comprise rotary cylinder bearing, rotary cylinder and rotary pneumatic cylinder arm, the side of described base away from described second pressing plate be located at by described rotary cylinder bearing, described rotary cylinder is located on described rotary cylinder bearing, and described rotary pneumatic cylinder arm is connected with described rotary cylinder and can implements to clamp to workpiece under the driving of described rotary cylinder.
As above-mentioned a kind of a kind of preferred version with the machine tooling center of triangle body workpiece special fixture, the inwall of described first groove is provided with combination gauge finder.
As above-mentioned a kind of a kind of preferred version with the machine tooling center of triangle body workpiece special fixture, the material of described first gauge finder, the second gauge finder and combination gauge finder is rubber.
As above-mentioned a kind of a kind of preferred version with the machine tooling center of triangle body workpiece special fixture, the material of described first pressing plate, the second pressing plate and base is carbon steel alloy.
A kind of machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture disclosed by the invention, by arranging triangle body workpiece special fixture on lathe, utilize the fit applications of the base of Y-shaped connector and band groove, make fixture can realize implementing clamping to the different surfaces of two triangle body workpiece under the cooperation of pressing plate simultaneously, have the advantages that positioning accurate accuracy is high, clamp firmly and be easy to operation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
A kind of overall structure schematic diagram with the machine tooling center of triangle body workpiece special fixture that Fig. 1 provides for the specific embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Fig. 1 intermediate cam body workpiece special fixture.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme of the present invention is further illustrated by detailed description of the invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture that the application provides, be applicable to mechanical processing industry, the structure at existing machine tooling center can be optimized, thus the steadiness improved triangle body Workpiece clamping, reduce the play of triangle body workpiece in clamping process, clamp while achieving the different surfaces to two triangle body workpiece, and there is the high advantage with being easy to operate of positioning accurate accuracy.
Above-mentioned a kind of machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture, comprise the head 20 of bed piece 17, triangle body workpiece special fixture 18, X-axis guide rail 19 and band tool magazine, triangle body workpiece special fixture 18 is located on bed piece 17, X-axis guide rail 19 is layed on bed piece 17, and head 20 is set up on X-axis guide rail 19 and also can slides along X-direction;
Triangle body workpiece special fixture 18 forms primarily of base plate 1, base 2, first pressing plate 3 and actuating cylinder 4, base 2 is located on base plate 1, base 2 digs the first groove 5 that cross section is del, actuating cylinder 4 is located at the side of base plate 1 and is connected with the first pressing plate 3 by Y-shaped connector 6, first pressing plate 3 is hinged and can rotate up and down with the hinged place that Y connects 6 around the first pressing plate 3 with Y-shaped connector 6, base 2 near a side external surface of the first pressing plate 3 be provided with the second pressing plate 7, second pressing plate 7 and the first pressing plate 3 not parallel.
When needs, clamping is implemented to the different surfaces of two triangle body workpiece simultaneously and add man-hour, first one of them triangle body workpiece is inverted in the first groove 5, another triangle body workpiece lies against between the first pressing plate 3 and the second pressing plate 7, start actuating cylinder 4, actuating cylinder 4 promotes the first pressing plate 3 by Y-shaped connector 6 and presses forward, because the first pressing plate 3 can rotate with the hinged place that Y connects 6 up and down around the first pressing plate 3, first pressing plate 3 pushing ahead along with actuating cylinder 4, automatic attaching adjustment is realized by rotating up and down after touching workpiece, there is the high advantage of positioning accurate accuracy and ensured the steadiness of pressing plate to piece-holder, on the other hand, due to the second pressing plate 7 and the first pressing plate 3 not parallel, second pressing plate 7, first pressing plate 3 and base plate 1 spatially define a triangle, possesses leg-of-mutton stability, thus further enhance the steadiness clamped.
It should be noted that, the machine tooling center in the present embodiment with triangle body workpiece special fixture provides two clamping positions for clamping two triangle body workpiece simultaneously, in response to one or two clamping position of Production requirement choice for use, can not repeat them here in reality processing yet.
For preventing the first pressing plate 3 from swinging in clamping process, in the present embodiment, base plate 1 digging cross section is that gathering sill 8, first pressing plate 3 of convex is connected with carriage release lever 9, and the bottom of carriage release lever 9 to be inserted in gathering sill 8 and can along the groove of gathering sill 8 to slip.
Play is there is and the stability improving further fixture clamping in process for preventing fixture, in the present embodiment, the first pressing plate 3 is provided with the first gauge finder 10 towards the one side of workpiece, the inwall that second pressing plate 7 is provided with the second gauge finder 11, first groove 5 towards the one side of workpiece is provided with combination gauge finder 16.The surface configuration of the surface configuration reference work object of gauge finder carries out fabrication design, thus gauge finder is fitted tightly completely when pressing to surface of the work.
For reducing the wearing and tearing clamped to surface of the work in process further, in the present embodiment, base plate 1 is provided with shim pack 12 towards the one side of workpiece, and shim pack 12 is between the first pressing plate 3 and the second pressing plate 7.
In order to improve fixture to be inverted workpiece clamp steadiness, in the present embodiment, the machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture also comprises rotary cylinder bearing 13, rotary cylinder 14 and rotary pneumatic cylinder arm 15, the side of base 2 away from the second pressing plate 7 be located at by rotary cylinder bearing 13, rotary cylinder 14 is located on rotary cylinder bearing 13, and rotary pneumatic cylinder arm 15 is connected with rotary cylinder 14 and can implements to clamp to workpiece under the driving of rotary cylinder 14.
In order to improve the shock-absorbing performance of fixture, reduce the wearing and tearing clamped to surface of the work in process, in the present embodiment, the material of the first gauge finder 10, second gauge finder 11 and combination gauge finder 16 is rubber.
In order to improve wearability and the Corrosion Protection of fixture, in the present embodiment, the material of the first pressing plate 3, second pressing plate 7 and base 2 is carbon steel alloy.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have change and change.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment, improvement etc. done, all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. there is a machine tooling center for triangle body workpiece special fixture, it is characterized in that, comprise the head of bed piece, triangle body workpiece special fixture, X-axis guide rail and band tool magazine;
Described triangle body workpiece special fixture is located on described bed piece, and described X-axis guide rail is layed on described bed piece, and described headstock is located on described X-axis guide rail and also can be slided along X-direction;
Described triangle body workpiece special fixture forms primarily of base plate, base, the first pressing plate and actuating cylinder;
Described base is located on described base plate, described base digs the first groove that cross section is del;
Described actuating cylinder is located at the side of described base plate and is connected with described first pressing plate by Y-shaped connector;
Described first pressing plate and described Y-shaped connector hinged and can rotate up and down around the hinged place of described first pressing plate and described Y-shaped connector;
Described base is provided with the second pressing plate near a side external surface of described first pressing plate, described second pressing plate and described first pressing plate not parallel.
2. the machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described base plate digs the gathering sill that cross section is convex, described first pressing plate is connected with carriage release lever, and the bottom of described carriage release lever is inserted in also can along the groove of described gathering sill to slip in described gathering sill.
3. the machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described first pressing plate is provided with the first gauge finder towards the one side of workpiece.
4. the machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described second pressing plate is provided with the second gauge finder towards the one side of workpiece.
5. the machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described base plate is provided with shim pack towards the one side of workpiece, and described shim pack is between described first pressing plate and the second pressing plate.
6. the machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise rotary cylinder bearing, rotary cylinder and rotary pneumatic cylinder arm, the side of described base away from described second pressing plate be located at by described rotary cylinder bearing, described rotary cylinder is located on described rotary cylinder bearing, and described rotary pneumatic cylinder arm is connected with described rotary cylinder and can implements to clamp to workpiece under the driving of described rotary cylinder.
7. the machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the inwall of described first groove is provided with combination gauge finder.
8. the machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture according to claim 7, is characterized in that, the material of described first gauge finder, the second gauge finder and combination gauge finder is rubber.
9. the machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the material of described first pressing plate, the second pressing plate and base is carbon steel alloy.
CN201510518907.1A 2015-08-21 2015-08-21 A kind of machine tooling center with triangle body workpiece special fixture CN105058105B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105817908A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-08-03 镇江市富德数控机床科技有限公司 Vertical machine tool with omni-directional moving column
CN110666537A (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-01-10 北京星航机电装备有限公司 Machining method based on simple clamping of triangular parts

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1528638A1 (en) * 1987-11-17 1989-12-15 Научно-Производственное Объединение По Абразивам И Шлифованию Fixture of holder type for installing blanks
CN2152638Y (en) * 1993-05-22 1994-01-12 南昌航空工业学院 Vice for quick-clamping machine
CN203449184U (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-02-26 浙江海洋学院 Metallographic specimen clamp
CN103659634A (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-03-26 苏州宝时得电动工具有限公司 Clamping mechanism and clamp comprising same
CN203779235U (en) * 2014-03-03 2014-08-20 常州晨凯快速制造技术有限公司 Five axis machining center
CN204108691U (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-21 大连职业技术学院 Machine parallel jaw auxiliary locator
CN204381918U (en) * 2015-01-06 2015-06-10 河南飞龙(芜湖)汽车零部件有限公司 The adjustable exhaust manifold clamp tool in a kind of location

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1528638A1 (en) * 1987-11-17 1989-12-15 Научно-Производственное Объединение По Абразивам И Шлифованию Fixture of holder type for installing blanks
CN2152638Y (en) * 1993-05-22 1994-01-12 南昌航空工业学院 Vice for quick-clamping machine
CN103659634A (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-03-26 苏州宝时得电动工具有限公司 Clamping mechanism and clamp comprising same
CN203449184U (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-02-26 浙江海洋学院 Metallographic specimen clamp
CN203779235U (en) * 2014-03-03 2014-08-20 常州晨凯快速制造技术有限公司 Five axis machining center
CN204108691U (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-21 大连职业技术学院 Machine parallel jaw auxiliary locator
CN204381918U (en) * 2015-01-06 2015-06-10 河南飞龙(芜湖)汽车零部件有限公司 The adjustable exhaust manifold clamp tool in a kind of location

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105817908A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-08-03 镇江市富德数控机床科技有限公司 Vertical machine tool with omni-directional moving column
CN110666537A (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-01-10 北京星航机电装备有限公司 Machining method based on simple clamping of triangular parts

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Address after: Block 1 and block 3, No. 9, Lexin Avenue, Leping Town, Sanshui District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Guangdong Pradi Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 528137 No. 70, C District, Sanshui Central Industrial Park, Guangdong, Foshan

Patentee before: FOSHAN PRATIC CNC SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.