CN105052848A - Sinking-to-bottom type shrimp catcher - Google Patents

Sinking-to-bottom type shrimp catcher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105052848A
CN105052848A CN201510523458.XA CN201510523458A CN105052848A CN 105052848 A CN105052848 A CN 105052848A CN 201510523458 A CN201510523458 A CN 201510523458A CN 105052848 A CN105052848 A CN 105052848A
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China
Prior art keywords
stop collar
shrimp
shrimping cylinder
netted shrimping
catcher
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Granted
Application number
CN201510523458.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105052848B (en
Inventor
王国良
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Nanling Industrial Investment Co., Ltd
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王国良
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Priority to CN201510523458.XA priority Critical patent/CN105052848B/en
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Publication of CN105052848B publication Critical patent/CN105052848B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a sinking-to-bottom type shrimp catcher, and aims at providing the sinking-to-bottom type shrimp catcher which is small in yield, convenient to operate and capable of automatically floating up and automatically conducting sampling after catching shrimps. The sinking-to-bottom type shrimp catcher comprises a supporting frame and a plurality of automatic floating-up catcher bodies arranged on the supporting frame. Each automatic floating-up catcher body comprises a vertical limiting sleeve arranged on the supporting frame, a mesh-shaped shrimp catching cylinder inserted in the vertical limiting sleeve, a floating ball and an automatic releasing device arranged on the mesh-shaped shrimp catching cylinder, wherein an upper limiting block is arranged at the position, above the vertical limiting sleeve, of the upper portion of the outer side face of the mesh-shaped shrimp catching cylinder, an inverted conical limiting sleeve with the section area gradually increased from bottom to top is arranged in the middle of the inner bottom face of the mesh-shaped shrimp catching cylinder, the upper end and the lower end of the inverted conical limiting sleeve are provided openings, a shrimp inlet corresponding to the lower end opening of the inverted conical limiting sleeve is formed in the middle of the bottom face of the mesh-shaped shrimp catching cylinder, and a buoyancy device capable of making the mesh-shaped shrimp catching cylinder float up is arranged in the mesh-shaped shrimp catching cylinder.

Description

A kind of sinking type shrimp catcher
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of trap setting, be specifically related to a kind of sinking type shrimp catcher.
Background technology
Due to destruction, the seriously polluted quality having influence on existence aquatic products in waters of water area ecological environment.On the other hand, along with the raising of people's living standard, while aquatic products production and consumption output improves greatly, the quality problems of aquatic products also more and more receive publicity.Therefore, the research whether being subject to pollution effect about the quality of aquatic products comes into one's own gradually; But first need to catch aquatic products sample to be detected before aquatic product quality monitoring.
Current shrimping device mostly is the shrimp-catching net, shrimp pot etc. of fishery harvesting; When shrimping, shrimp-catching net or shrimp pot are transferred in waters, then by plant equipment or manually operated mode, shrimp-catching net or shrimp pot are mentioned after a period of time has passed, thus complete a shrimping operating process.The shrimp-catching net of current this fishery harvesting, the catch of shrimp pot are large, and it is also used for catching shrimp to be detected when not being suitable for the aquatic product quality in monitoring waters.On the other hand, the shrimp-catching net of current this fishery harvesting, shrimp pot need to play shrimp net by the mode of manual operation or lobster basket not only operates inconvenience, and often need multi-pass operation to catch shrimp; More inconvenient when deepwater regions shrimping by it.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of sinking type shrimp catcher, its quantity of the catch is little; And easy to operate, automatically can float after catching shrimp, realize automatically sampling.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of sinking type shrimp catcher comprises bracing frame and some catchers that certainly floats be arranged on bracing frame, describedly comprise from floating catcher the vertical stop collar be arranged on bracing frame, be plugged in the netted shrimping cylinder in vertical stop collar, ball float and the automatic releasing device be arranged on netted shrimping cylinder, the lateral surface top of described netted shrimping cylinder is also positioned at above vertical stop collar and is provided with upper limit position block; Described automatic releasing device comprises the position-limiting drum being vertically arranged on netted shrimping cylinder inner top surface, be arranged on the side surface upper part of netted shrimping cylinder and the horizontal guide pin bushing be positioned at below vertical stop collar, slidably be arranged on the spacing pin in horizontal guide pin bushing, to be arranged on spacing pin lateral surface and to be positioned at the collar stop of netted shrimping cylinder, being set on spacing pin and Compress Spring between horizontal guide pin bushing and collar stop and be hinged on the touch pole of limiting block boom end; One end of described spacing pin can move to outside netted shrimping cylinder along horizontal guide pin bushing, described touch pole and horizontal guide pin bushing are positioned at the relative both sides of collar stop, touch pole is provided with spacing fixture block, described vertical stop collar lateral surface is provided with dodges through hole, and this dodges through hole and horizontal guide pin bushing is oppositely arranged, described touch pole is through dodging through hole; The lower ending opening of described position-limiting drum, is positioned to dodge above through hole and is provided with bait pouch in position-limiting drum; Be provided with the back taper stop collar that cross-sectional area increases gradually in the middle part of described netted shrimping cylinder inner bottom surface from bottom to top, the both ends open up and down of back taper stop collar, and be provided with the shrimp-entering mouth corresponding with the lower port of back taper stop collar in the middle part of netted shrimping cylinder bottom surface; The buoyancy of described ball float is greater than gravity, the external diameter of ball float is less than the internal diameter of back taper stop collar upper port and is greater than the internal diameter of back taper stop collar lower port, ball float is positioned at the top of the lower port of back taper stop collar, and ball float is connected with the lower port edge of back taper stop collar by connecting line; Be provided with the buoyant device that netted shrimping cylinder can be made to float in described netted shrimping cylinder, and buoyant device is fixedly installed on the lower end of netted shrimping cylinder.
The quantity of the catch of the sinking type shrimp catcher of this programme is little, be applicable to carry out catching shrimp sample in different waters, is thus applicable to aquatic products sample quality monitoring use, for monitoring aquatic product quality provides shrimp sample; And it is not only easy to operate, and automatically can floats after catching shrimp, realize automatically sampling.
On the other hand, because buoyant device is fixedly installed on the lower end of shrimping cylinder, when shrimping cylinder floats, generation upset makes shrimp-entering mouth upward by shrimping cylinder, now ball float is at buoyancy float downward and the port of shutoff back taper stop collar, thus avoids the shrimp of shrimping cylinder IT to be run away by shrimp-entering mouth.
As preferably, buoyant device is annular buoyancy ring, and annular buoyancy ring set is located on back taper stop collar.The buoyant device of this programme after netted shrimping cylinder floats and overturns, can improve the stability of netted shrimping cylinder and the stability of ball float shutoff back taper stop collar.
As preferably, netted shrimping cylinder medial surface top is provided with upset balancing weight.The upset balancing weight cooperation buoyant device of this programme effectively can ensure that netted shrimping cylinder rotary movement will occur after floating.
As preferably, the length of connecting line is less than the spacing between back taper stop collar upper port and lower port.
As preferably, also comprise pull rope from floating catcher, one end of pull rope is connected with netted shrimping cylinder.Pull rope not only may be used for transferring catcher, and can also be conducive to obtaining netted shrimping cylinder after netted shrimping cylinder floats.
As preferably, also comprise and transfer rope, the one end of transferring rope is connected with bracing frame.Transfer rope to may be used for reclaiming bracing frame, be conducive to the recycling of bracing frame.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: there is quantity of the catch little; And easy to operate, the feature of sampling automatically of automatically can floating after catching shrimp, realize.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of sinking type shrimp catcher of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing at A place in Fig. 1.
In figure: bracing frame 1, stablize counterweight 1a, netted shrimping cylinder 2, automatic releasing device 3, horizontal guide pin bushing 31, spacing pin 32, Compress Spring 33, collar stop 34, touch pole 36, spacing fixture block 37, dodge through hole 38, position-limiting drum 39, bait pouch 310, LED 311, pull rope 4a, transfer rope 4b, upset balancing weight 5, upper limit position block 6, vertical stop collar 7, ball float 8, buoyant device 9, back taper stop collar 10, connecting line 11, shrimp-entering mouth 12.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of sinking type shrimp catcher comprises bracing frame 1, transfers rope 4b and some catchers that certainly floats be arranged on bracing frame.The present embodiment from floating catcher be two or three or four.Bracing frame comprises four vertical support bars.The bottom of vertical support bar is provided with stable counterweight 1a.The one end of transferring rope is connected with bracing frame.
Comprise pull rope 4a from floating catcher, be arranged on the vertical stop collar 7 on bracing frame, be plugged in the netted shrimping cylinder 2 in vertical stop collar, ball float 8 and the automatic releasing device 3 be arranged on netted shrimping cylinder.Vertical stop collar circular in cross-section.Netted shrimping cylinder is cylinder.The closed at both ends up and down of netted shrimping cylinder.The lateral surface top of netted shrimping cylinder is also positioned at above vertical stop collar and is provided with upper limit position block 6.Netted shrimping cylinder medial surface top is provided with upset balancing weight 5.The back taper stop collar 10 that cross-sectional area increases gradually is provided with from bottom to top in the middle part of netted shrimping cylinder inner bottom surface.The cross section of back taper stop collar is circular.The both ends open up and down of back taper stop collar.The shrimp-entering mouth 12 corresponding with the lower port of back taper stop collar is provided with in the middle part of netted shrimping cylinder bottom surface.
Be provided with the buoyant device 9 that shrimping cylinder can be made to float in shrimping cylinder, and buoyant device is fixedly installed on the lower end of shrimping cylinder.Buoyant device is annular buoyancy ring, and annular buoyancy ring set is located on back taper stop collar.
The buoyancy of ball float is greater than gravity.Ball float is hollow plastic floating ball.The external diameter of ball float is less than the internal diameter of back taper stop collar upper port and is greater than the internal diameter of back taper stop collar lower port.In the present embodiment, the external diameter of ball float is less than the half of the internal diameter of back taper stop collar upper port.Ball float is positioned at the top of the lower port of back taper stop collar, and ball float is connected with the lower port edge of back taper stop collar by connecting line 11.The length of connecting line is less than the spacing between back taper stop collar upper port and lower port.In the present embodiment, when ball float is in suspended state, the part in ball float is positioned at the below of back taper stop collar upper port, and another part is positioned at the top of back taper stop collar upper port.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, automatic releasing device 3 comprises the position-limiting drum 39 being vertically arranged on netted shrimping cylinder inner top surface, be arranged on the side surface upper part of netted shrimping cylinder and the horizontal guide pin bushing 31 be positioned at below vertical stop collar, slidably be arranged on the spacing pin 32 in horizontal guide pin bushing, to be arranged on spacing pin lateral surface and to be positioned at the collar stop 34 of netted shrimping cylinder, being set on spacing pin and Compress Spring 33 between horizontal guide pin bushing and collar stop and be hinged on the touch pole 36 of limiting block boom end.One end of horizontal guide pin bushing flushes with netted shrimping cylinder lateral surface, and the other end extends to toward in netted shrimping cylinder.One end of spacing pin can move to outside netted shrimping cylinder along horizontal guide pin bushing.Touch pole and horizontal guide pin bushing are positioned at the relative both sides of collar stop.Touch pole is provided with spacing fixture block 37.Vertical stop collar lateral surface is provided with dodges through hole 38.This dodges through hole and horizontal guide pin bushing is oppositely arranged.Dodge through hole and horizontal guide pin bushing is positioned at sustained height.Touch pole is through dodging through hole.When spacing fixture block is resisted against on position-limiting drum lateral surface, one end of spacing pin moves to outside netted shrimping cylinder.The lower ending opening of position-limiting drum.Be positioned to dodge above through hole and be provided with bait pouch 310 in position-limiting drum.Bait pouch is suspended in position-limiting drum by connection cord.LED 311 is provided with in position-limiting drum.LED is positioned to be dodged above through hole.One end of second pull rope is connected with netted shrimping cylinder.Bait pouch is built with bait for luring shrimp material.
The specific works process of sinking type shrimp catcher of the present invention is as follows:
The first, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, be resisted against on position-limiting drum lateral surface by the spacing fixture block on the touch pole of floating catcher, now one end of spacing pin moves to outside netted shrimping cylinder, and spacing pin is positioned at below vertical stop collar.
The second, placed under catcher in water-bed (seabed) by pull rope or below rope.After placing the bottom under catcher, be erected at the bottom (as shown in Figure 1) from floating catcher by bracing frame.
3rd, when shrimp is entered into after in netted shrimping cylinder by shrimp-entering mouth, due to luring of bait pouch, shrimp will be stretched into by position-limiting drum lower port, and the touch pole now in position-limiting drum is by up jack-up, and spacing fixture block is thrown off;
Then, at the effect lower limit pin of Compress Spring toward interior movement, and the limiting block boom end near vertical stop collar is made to move in horizontal guide pin bushing;
Again then, under the effect of buoyant device, netted shrimping cylinder floats, when netted shrimping cylinder floats up to after above vertical stop collar, be fixedly installed on the lower end of netted shrimping cylinder due to buoyant device and coordinate upset balancing weight, now generation upset makes shrimp-entering mouth upward by netted shrimping cylinder, and ball float is at buoyancy float downward and the port of shutoff back taper stop collar, thus the shrimp of shrimping cylinder IT is avoided to be run away by shrimp-entering mouth.
Finally, netted shrimping cylinder floats up to the water surface.
4th, netted shrimping cylinder can be regained by pull rope by operator.Shrimp catcher of the present invention is not only easy to operate, and automatically can float after catching shrimp, realizes automatically sampling.

Claims (5)

1. a sinking type shrimp catcher, it is characterized in that, comprise bracing frame and some catchers that certainly floats be arranged on bracing frame, describedly comprise from floating catcher the vertical stop collar be arranged on bracing frame, be plugged in the netted shrimping cylinder in vertical stop collar, ball float and the automatic releasing device be arranged on netted shrimping cylinder, the lateral surface top of described netted shrimping cylinder is also positioned at above vertical stop collar and is provided with upper limit position block;
Described automatic releasing device comprises the position-limiting drum being vertically arranged on netted shrimping cylinder inner top surface, be arranged on the side surface upper part of netted shrimping cylinder and the horizontal guide pin bushing be positioned at below vertical stop collar, slidably be arranged on the spacing pin in horizontal guide pin bushing, to be arranged on spacing pin lateral surface and to be positioned at the collar stop of netted shrimping cylinder, being set on spacing pin and Compress Spring between horizontal guide pin bushing and collar stop and be hinged on the touch pole of limiting block boom end; One end of described spacing pin can move to outside netted shrimping cylinder along horizontal guide pin bushing, described touch pole and horizontal guide pin bushing are positioned at the relative both sides of collar stop, touch pole is provided with spacing fixture block, described vertical stop collar lateral surface is provided with dodges through hole, and this dodges through hole and horizontal guide pin bushing is oppositely arranged, described touch pole is through dodging through hole; The lower ending opening of described position-limiting drum, is positioned to dodge above through hole and is provided with bait pouch in position-limiting drum;
Be provided with the back taper stop collar that cross-sectional area increases gradually in the middle part of described netted shrimping cylinder inner bottom surface from bottom to top, the both ends open up and down of back taper stop collar, and be provided with the shrimp-entering mouth corresponding with the lower port of back taper stop collar in the middle part of netted shrimping cylinder bottom surface;
The buoyancy of described ball float is greater than gravity, the external diameter of ball float is less than the internal diameter of back taper stop collar upper port and is greater than the internal diameter of back taper stop collar lower port, ball float is positioned at the top of the lower port of back taper stop collar, and ball float is connected with the lower port edge of back taper stop collar by connecting line;
Be provided with the buoyant device that netted shrimping cylinder can be made to float in described netted shrimping cylinder, and buoyant device is fixedly installed on the lower end of netted shrimping cylinder.
2. a kind of sinking type shrimp catcher according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described buoyant device is annular buoyancy ring, and annular buoyancy ring set is located on back taper stop collar.
3. a kind of sinking type shrimp catcher according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described netted shrimping cylinder medial surface top is provided with upset balancing weight.
4. a kind of sinking type shrimp catcher according to claim 1, is characterized in that, describedly also comprises pull rope from floating catcher, and one end of pull rope is connected with netted shrimping cylinder.
5. a kind of sinking type shrimp catcher according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise and transfer rope, the one end of transferring rope is connected with bracing frame.
CN201510523458.XA 2015-08-24 2015-08-24 A kind of sinking type shrimp catcher Active CN105052848B (en)

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CN105052848B CN105052848B (en) 2017-06-06

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109526892A (en) * 2018-11-13 2019-03-29 浙江国际海运职业技术学院 Efficient and convenient experiment shrimp capture device
CN109832231A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-06-04 浙江省海洋水产研究所 A kind of starfish capture device and method
CN109832230A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-06-04 浙江省海洋水产研究所 A kind of cuttlefish capture device and method
CN110736643A (en) * 2019-08-12 2020-01-31 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Sampling device for collecting micro-plastic deposited on the seabed
CN110736644A (en) * 2019-08-12 2020-01-31 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Bottom-sinking type micro plastic collector

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201081921Y (en) * 2007-08-18 2008-07-09 张柱山 River-crossing stayed-cable hanging cradle type net cage liftable mobile device
CN201127234Y (en) * 2007-11-02 2008-10-08 李立冰 High-efficiency shrimp-catching net
KR20090050905A (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-20 박하을 A fish trap for fishing
KR20130086689A (en) * 2012-01-26 2013-08-05 조기택 Bait fishing traps
CN103651274A (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-03-26 陈胜利 Fishing cage

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201081921Y (en) * 2007-08-18 2008-07-09 张柱山 River-crossing stayed-cable hanging cradle type net cage liftable mobile device
CN201127234Y (en) * 2007-11-02 2008-10-08 李立冰 High-efficiency shrimp-catching net
KR20090050905A (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-20 박하을 A fish trap for fishing
KR20130086689A (en) * 2012-01-26 2013-08-05 조기택 Bait fishing traps
CN103651274A (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-03-26 陈胜利 Fishing cage

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109526892A (en) * 2018-11-13 2019-03-29 浙江国际海运职业技术学院 Efficient and convenient experiment shrimp capture device
CN109526892B (en) * 2018-11-13 2021-06-11 浙江国际海运职业技术学院 High-efficient convenient experiment shrimp trapping apparatus
CN109832231A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-06-04 浙江省海洋水产研究所 A kind of starfish capture device and method
CN109832230A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-06-04 浙江省海洋水产研究所 A kind of cuttlefish capture device and method
CN109832231B (en) * 2019-03-13 2021-02-19 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Starfish catching device and method
CN110736643A (en) * 2019-08-12 2020-01-31 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Sampling device for collecting micro-plastic deposited on the seabed
CN110736644A (en) * 2019-08-12 2020-01-31 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Bottom-sinking type micro plastic collector

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Inventor after: Shuai Na

Inventor after: Huang Jinshuai

Inventor after: Lin Yuan

Inventor before: Wang Guoliang

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Effective date of registration: 20170502

Address after: Huian County, Fujian city in Quanzhou Province town of 362000 screw type before the village Wanshun building four floor

Applicant after: Quanzhou Sen Lu Toys Co. Ltd.

Address before: 311835 Zhuji City, Shaoxing Province town of shop Hardware City, unit 4, No. 12, No.

Applicant before: Wang Guoliang

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Effective date of registration: 20201015

Address after: 241000 room 3059, citizen service center, Jishan Town Economic Development Zone, Nanling County, Wuhu City, Anhui Province

Patentee after: Nanling Industrial Investment Co., Ltd

Address before: Huian County, Fujian city in Quanzhou Province town of 362000 screw type before the village Wanshun building four floor

Patentee before: QUANZHOU SENLU TOYS Co.,Ltd.

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