CN105052703A - Neofinetia falcata cultivating method - Google Patents

Neofinetia falcata cultivating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105052703A
CN105052703A CN201510496681.XA CN201510496681A CN105052703A CN 105052703 A CN105052703 A CN 105052703A CN 201510496681 A CN201510496681 A CN 201510496681A CN 105052703 A CN105052703 A CN 105052703A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
neofinetia
soil
parts
falcata
cultivation
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Pending
Application number
CN201510496681.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李波
郑国强
姜继新
何月秋
蒋泽平
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Jiangsu Biyuntian Agriculture&forestry Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Biyuntian Agriculture&forestry Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510496681.XA priority Critical patent/CN105052703A/en
Publication of CN105052703A publication Critical patent/CN105052703A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • A01N65/42Aloeaceae [Aloe family] or Liliaceae [Lily family], e.g. aloe, veratrum, onion, garlic or chives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F5/00Fertilisers from distillery wastes, molasses, vinasses, sugar plant or similar wastes or residues, e.g. from waste originating from industrial processing of raw material of agricultural origin or derived products thereof
    • C05F5/002Solid waste from mechanical processing of material, e.g. seed coats, olive pits, almond shells, fruit residue, rice hulls
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention relates to a neofinetia falcata cultivating method. The neofinetia falcata cultivating method comprises the main steps that neofinetia falcate seedlings are pretreated; culture soil prepared from 60-75 parts of wild asplenium nidus base, 15-18 parts of pine needle soil, 15-18 parts of oak leaf soil, 10-15 parts of sand and 15-20 parts of coconut dust is prepared; the neofinetia falcate seedlings are transplanted, and comprehensive management is carried out. According to the neofinetia falcata cultivating method, novel nanometer vinegar serves as sterilization liquid in the pretreatment process, the sterilization liquid of the natural component replaces a traditional chemical sanitizer, a natural sterilizing agent is also used in the step of comprehensive management after transplanting is carried out, environmental friendliness is better facilitated, and meanwhile the neofinetia falcate seedlings can be better protected. The invention further designs culture soil special for the neofinetia falcate. Raw materials are natural, and nutrients are sufficient. A more scientific method is adopted in the transplanting process of the neofinetia falcate seedlings and the later stage comprehensive management, and the survival rate and the quality of the neofinetia falcate seedlings are ensured.

Description

A kind of cultivation method of oecoeclades falcata
Technical field
The present invention relates to the culture technique of a kind of orchid, particularly relate to a kind of cultivation method of oecoeclades falcata.
Technical background
Oecoeclades falcata, plant height 8-10 centimetre.The long 1-4 centimetre of stem, slightly flat, wrap by leaf sheath.Leaf heavy leather matter, long and narrow round shape sickleshaped.Being born in height above sea level to reach in the mountain region woods of 1520 meters on trunk.Be distributed in China, Japan, Southern Korean Peninsula.Oecoeclades falcata is grown nonparasitically upon another plant on Chinese torreya or other tree bars, and summer is opacus, is placed on cool place, ventilation, and keeps certain humidity.Winter is placed on the place of wind sheltering, Chaoyang after falling leaves.But should not put on the ground, preferably be placed on above dividing plate or below trees, on balcony.Winter is placed on greenhouse culture, is placed on outdoor summer and supports as good.
Oecoeclades falcata herb or pseudobulb: clearing heat, relieving sore-throat; Promoting blood circulation and stopping pain.Main cough with lung heat; Have sore throat; Hernia; Traumatic injury.It has higher horticultural importance simultaneously, but cultivation difficulty is large, and artificial cultivation is often not good, and medical value weakens.
Summary of the invention
In order to the oecoeclades falcata that artificial cultivation product is mutually superior, medical value is high, and improve oecoeclades falcata implantation methods, replace traditional chemical bactericide and fertilizer with natural materials, the invention provides following scheme:
A cultivation method for oecoeclades falcata, key step is:
(I), plant division pretreatment: plant division a few days ago controls to water, when weather is fine, Lan Zhuyu is planted material to be separated, trimming root system, wipe out the root that blackout is empty flat, cut off pseudobulb place, then use nanometer bamboo vinegar dilution soaking disinfection 5-10min, blue strain is placed in shady and cool ventilation place and treats that blue root is creamy white;
(II), the preparation of special cultivation soil: by wild new pteris fern nest base 60-75 part, pine soil 15-18 part, robur leaf soil 15-18 part, sand 10-15 part, coconut palm chaff 15-20 part makes compost;
(III), the transplanting of oecoeclades falcata: select blue basin according to blue strain size, height, basin bottom outlet hole covers one piece of window screening, window screening crushes tile, repave rubble, account for basin degree of depth 1/5-1/4, put coarse-grained soil and a small amount of fine earth again, then plant with special cultivation soil, the depth of planting has just been buried in the earth with soccer fraud stem and has been advisable, and basin edge stays 2 centimetres of beads, upper berth Uncinata Spikemoss Herb or microlith, finally water permeable, put cloudy place 10-15 days, keep soil moisture, reduce gradually and water, carry out normal maintenance;
(IV), integrated management: blue basin is placed on dividing plate or on balcony, and summer, shading rate was 60%, was placed on shady and cool ventilation place, and kept certain humidity; Winter, shading rate was 40%, and temperature remains on 15-20 DEG C; And keep the skin wet in good time, nutrient and sprinkling natural bactericidal agent, disinfection desinsection.
Further, described natural bactericidal agent is made up of garlic extraneous liquid 35-50 part, tea free leaching liquor 15-25 part, dried peppermint leaf leaching liquor 15-25 part, dittany root leaching liquor 15-25 part, during use, extension rate is 50-100 times, garlic is natural plant broad spectrum antibiotic, dried peppermint leaf and tea free have the effect of antisepsis and sterilization, and dittany root has the effect of insecticidal and antibacterial, all the components natural environmental-protective, and non-stimulated to oecoeclades falcata seedling, the survival rate of oecoeclades falcata can be ensured.
Further, described compost particle diameter after pulverization process is 0.3-0.8cm, and compost is agglomerating granular, not of uniform size, and coarse granule and fine grained soil will mix mutually, is so just beneficial to root system of plant and absorbs moisture, fully ventilative, promotes flowers normal growth.
Further, require can arrange sunshade or hang seat for reaching different shading rates in described integrated management step.
The present invention adopts novel nano bamboo vinegar as bactericidal liquid during pretreatment, replaces traditional chemical disinfectant, be not only more conducive to environmental protection with the bactericidal liquid of natural component, can better protect oecoeclades falcata seedling simultaneously.The present invention have also been devised oecoeclades falcata special cultivation soil, nutrient needed for the growth of oecoeclades falcata seedling can be provided, and, owing to adding coconut palm chaff and the sand of suitable proportion, its porosity is high, and permeability is good, the polytrophic humic mass-energy of wild new pteris fern nest base provides the nutrient needed in a growth cycle for oecoeclades falcata, without the need to imposing any fertilizer, and microenvironment fungal colonization enriches, and water retention property is good.Oecoeclades falcata transplantation of seedlings process and the integrated management in later stage adopt more scientific method, uses natural bactericidal agent, environment-protecting asepsis and survival rate and the quality of oecoeclades falcata seedling can be guaranteed.
Embodiment
According to specific embodiment, the present invention is described further below.
Embodiment 1,
A cultivation method for oecoeclades falcata, key step is:
(I), plant division pretreatment: plant division a few days ago controls to water, and when weather is fine, Lan Zhuyu is planted material and is separated, trimming root system, wipe out the root that blackout is empty flat, cut off pseudobulb place, then use nanometer bamboo vinegar dilution soaking disinfection 8min, blue strain is placed in shady and cool ventilation place and treats that blue root is creamy white;
(II), the preparation of special cultivation soil: by wild 75 parts, new pteris fern nest base, pine soil 16 parts, 16 parts, robur leaf soil, sand 15 parts, coconut palm chaff 20 parts makes compost; After pulverization process, particle diameter is 0.3-0.8cm
(III), the transplanting of oecoeclades falcata: select blue basin according to blue strain size, height, basin bottom outlet hole covers one piece of window screening, window screening crushes tile, repave rubble, account for the basin degree of depth 1/5, then put coarse-grained soil and a small amount of fine earth, then plant with special cultivation soil, the depth of planting has just been buried in the earth with soccer fraud stem and has been advisable, and basin edge stays 2 centimetres of beads, upper berth Uncinata Spikemoss Herb or microlith, finally water permeable, put cloudy place 12 days, keep soil moisture, reduce gradually and water, carry out normal maintenance;
(IV), integrated management: blue basin is placed on dividing plate or on balcony, and summer, shading rate was 60%, can arrange sunshade, be placed on shady and cool ventilation place, and keep certain humidity; Winter, shading rate was 40%, was placed in warm indoor temperature and remained on 15-20 DEG C; And keep the skin wet in good time, nutrient and sprinkling natural bactericidal agent, disinfection desinsection.
Described natural bactericidal agent is made up of garlic extraneous liquid 50 parts, tea free leaching liquor 25 parts, dried peppermint leaf leaching liquor 25 parts, dittany root leaching liquor 25 parts, and during use, extension rate is 80 times.
Embodiment 2,
A cultivation method for oecoeclades falcata, key step is:
(I), plant division pretreatment: plant division a few days ago controls to water, and when weather is fine, Lan Zhuyu is planted material and is separated, trimming root system, wipe out the root that blackout is empty flat, cut off pseudobulb place, then use nanometer bamboo vinegar dilution soaking disinfection 8min, blue strain is placed in shady and cool ventilation place and treats that blue root is creamy white;
(II), the preparation of special cultivation soil: by wild 65 parts, new pteris fern nest base, pine soil 18 parts, 18 parts, robur leaf soil, sand 15 parts, coconut palm chaff 15 parts makes compost; After pulverization process, particle diameter is 0.3-0.8cm.
(III), the transplanting of oecoeclades falcata: select blue basin according to blue strain size, height, basin bottom outlet hole covers one piece of window screening, window screening crushes tile, repave rubble, account for the basin degree of depth 1/4, then put coarse-grained soil and a small amount of fine earth, then plant with special cultivation soil, the depth of planting has just been buried in the earth with soccer fraud stem and has been advisable, and basin edge stays 2 centimetres of beads, upper berth Uncinata Spikemoss Herb or microlith, finally water permeable, put cloudy place 12 days, keep soil moisture, reduce gradually and water, carry out normal maintenance;
(IV), integrated management: blue basin is placed on dividing plate or on balcony, and summer, shading rate was 60%, can arrange sunshade, be placed on shady and cool ventilation place, and keep certain humidity; Winter, shading rate was 40%, was placed in warm indoor temperature and remained on 15-20 DEG C; And keep the skin wet in good time, nutrient and sprinkling natural bactericidal agent, disinfection desinsection.
Described natural bactericidal agent is made up of garlic extraneous liquid 40 parts, tea free leaching liquor 20 parts, dried peppermint leaf leaching liquor 20 parts, dittany root leaching liquor 20 parts, and during use, extension rate is 60 times.
Table 1 is for adopting the oecoeclades falcata emergence rate that cultivation method of the present invention and commonsense method are cultivated and the contrast growing up to rear outward appearance simultaneously.
Table 1
Emergence rate Plant height Stipes Color and luster Overall
Embodiment 1 93.2% 7.3cm Obviously Good Plant is endured with all one's will beautiful in colour
Embodiment 2 95.2% 7.6cm Obviously Good Plant is endured with all one's will beautiful in colour
Commonsense method 73% 6cm Obviously Generally Product are mutually general
Table 2 is for adopting the contrast of natural bactericidal agent of the present invention and commercially available common tpn
Table 2
As shown in Table 2, the natural bactericidal agent term of validity of practicality of the present invention is all lower slightly than commercially available fungicide chlorothalonil with antibiotic rate, but bactericidal effect is still reasonable, the remarkable advantage of described natural bactericidal agent is non agricultural chemical residuum, does not stimulate oecoeclades falcata seedling and safety non-toxic.

Claims (4)

1. a cultivation method for oecoeclades falcata, key step is:
(I), plant division pretreatment: plant division a few days ago controls to water, when weather is fine, Lan Zhuyu is planted material to be separated, trimming root system, wipe out the root that blackout is empty flat, cut off pseudobulb place, then be 1% nanometer bamboo vinegar dilution soaking disinfection 5-10min by concentration, blue strain be placed in shady and cool ventilation place, treat that blue root is creamy white;
(II), the preparation of special cultivation soil: by wild new pteris fern nest base 60-75 part, pine soil 15-18 part, robur leaf soil 15-18 part, sand 10-15 part, coconut palm chaff 15-20 part makes compost;
(III), the transplanting of oecoeclades falcata: select blue basin according to blue strain size, height, basin bottom outlet hole covers one piece of window screening, window screening crushes tile, repave rubble, account for basin degree of depth 1/5-1/4, put coarse-grained soil and a small amount of fine earth again, then plant with special cultivation soil, the depth of planting has just been buried in the earth with soccer fraud stem and has been advisable, and basin edge stays 2 centimetres of beads, upper berth Uncinata Spikemoss Herb or microlith, finally water permeable, put cloudy place 10-15 days, keep soil moisture, reduce gradually and water, carry out normal maintenance;
(IV), integrated management: blue basin is placed on dividing plate or on balcony, and summer, shading rate was 60%, was placed on shady and cool ventilation place, and kept certain humidity; Winter, shading rate was 40%, and temperature remains on 15-20 DEG C; And keep the skin wet in good time, nutrient and sprinkling natural bactericidal agent, disinfection desinsection.
2. the cultivation method of a kind of oecoeclades falcata as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described natural bactericidal agent is made up of garlic extraneous liquid 35-50 part, tea free leaching liquor 15-25 part, dried peppermint leaf leaching liquor 15-25 part, dittany root leaching liquor 15-25 part, during use, extension rate is 50-100 times.
3. the cultivation method of a kind of oecoeclades falcata as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described compost particle diameter after pulverization process is 0.3-0.8cm.
4. the cultivation method of a kind of oecoeclades falcata as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: require can arrange sunshade or hang seat for reaching different shading rates in described integrated management step.
CN201510496681.XA 2015-08-13 2015-08-13 Neofinetia falcata cultivating method Pending CN105052703A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107873460A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-04-06 界首市天艺农民专业合作社 A kind of method for improving silver-colored side bracketplant transplanting survival rate
CN109832144A (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-06-04 丹阳市大丰收苗木专业合作社 A kind of aloe plant compost
CN109845609A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-06-07 江苏里下河地区农业科学研究所 A kind of household balcony Chunlan cultural method

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107873460A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-04-06 界首市天艺农民专业合作社 A kind of method for improving silver-colored side bracketplant transplanting survival rate
CN109832144A (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-06-04 丹阳市大丰收苗木专业合作社 A kind of aloe plant compost
CN109845609A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-06-07 江苏里下河地区农业科学研究所 A kind of household balcony Chunlan cultural method
CN109845609B (en) * 2019-04-12 2021-06-18 江苏里下河地区农业科学研究所 Household balcony cymbidium culture method

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