CN105046925A - Agricultural environment information collection system - Google Patents

Agricultural environment information collection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105046925A
CN105046925A CN201510535884.5A CN201510535884A CN105046925A CN 105046925 A CN105046925 A CN 105046925A CN 201510535884 A CN201510535884 A CN 201510535884A CN 105046925 A CN105046925 A CN 105046925A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
environment information
agricultural environment
mobile terminal
sensor
database server
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201510535884.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周平
吕冬
李绍稳
杨林宽
何花
梅建虎
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Anhui Agricultural University AHAU
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Anhui Agricultural University AHAU
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Agricultural University AHAU filed Critical Anhui Agricultural University AHAU
Priority to CN201510535884.5A priority Critical patent/CN105046925A/en
Publication of CN105046925A publication Critical patent/CN105046925A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides an agricultural environment information collection system. The system comprises a database server, a mobile terminal, a dual-channel repeater, a concentrator and preset number of sensors, wherein the preset number of sensors are connected with the concentrator, the concentrator is connected with the dual-channel repeater, and the mobile terminal is connected to the dual-channel repeater in a wireless connecting manner and is connected with the database server. The invention provides the agricultural environment information collection system which can improve the information collection efficiency while lowering the cost.

Description

A kind of agricultural environment information collection system
Technical field
The application relates to technical field of information processing, particularly a kind of agricultural environment information collection system.
Background technology
At present, the architecture of agricultural environment information collection system normally sensor, collector and server.Due to the development of sensor normally multiple units, the driving of sensor can be integrated into collector end when acquisition system designs, the number of sensors connected when collector is less, and processing speed and the IO port number of collector still can be dealt with; When number of sensors increases or sensor type changes, no matter collector is all need from hardware or on software to redesign.The task that this design causes collector is on the one hand overweight, and the hardware and software compatibility causing collector is on the other hand weak, finally determines the high cost of system; Collector is usually more single with extraneous communication modes, and communication module is integrated in collector, and when reading over object or communication modes changes, collector needs again to develop, and causes system hardware high cost.
Above it should be noted that, just conveniently to the technical scheme of the application, clear, complete explanation is carried out to the introduction of technical background, and facilitate the understanding of those skilled in the art to set forth.Only can not think that technique scheme is conventionally known to one of skill in the art because these schemes have carried out setting forth in the background technology part of the application.
Summary of the invention
The object of the embodiment of the present application is to provide a kind of agricultural environment information collection system, while reducing costs, can improve the efficiency of information acquisition.
A kind of agricultural environment information collection system that the embodiment of the present application provides is achieved in that
A kind of agricultural environment information collection system, described system comprises the sensor of database server, mobile terminal, channel relay device, hub and predetermined number, the sensor of described predetermined number is connected with described hub, described hub is connected with described channel relay device, described mobile terminal accesses in described channel relay device by wireless access way, described mobile terminal is connected with described database server, wherein:
Described sensor comprises sensing unit and microprocessing unit, described sensing unit is used for gathering agricultural environment information, and described agricultural environment information is sent to described microprocessing unit, described microprocessing unit carries out Frame process according to preset format to described agricultural environment information, and is sent in described channel relay device by the agricultural environment information after process by described hub;
First passage in described channel relay device is connected with described hub, the sensor of the agricultural environment information that the sensor being used for receiving described predetermined number is sent or mutually described predetermined number sends data acquisition instructions, another passage in described channel relay device is connected with serial server, is used for sending described agricultural environment information by described serial server to described mobile terminal or receiving by described serial server the data acquisition instructions that described mobile terminal sends;
Described mobile terminal is used for storing the agricultural environment information that described channel relay device is sent, and is uploaded in described database server by described agricultural environment information;
Described database server is used for backing up agricultural environment information that described mobile terminal sends and in response to request of access, shows described agricultural environment information.
Preferably, the sensor of described predetermined number at least comprises intensity of illumination sensor, soil moisture sensor, soil temperature sensor, soil salinity sensor and air humidity sensor.
Preferably, described mobile terminal is the mobile terminal carrying storage card.
Preferably, described mobile terminal is connected with described database server by data line or is connected with described database server by wireless network.
Preferably, described database server conducts interviews by browser or conducts interviews by mobile terminal.
Preferably, described wireless access way comprises at least one in bluetooth access way, infrared ray access way or WIFI access way.
A kind of agricultural environment information collection system that the embodiment of the present application provides, by adopting the identical sensor of structure to agricultural environment information, thus avoid situation incompatible between different sensors, thus also reduce the cost of research and development required for different sensors.Be stored in mobile terminal additionally by by the agricultural environment collected information, thus can back up further agricultural environment information easily, such as, be uploaded in database server by USB data line or wireless network.And when carrying out data acquisition, only needing mobile terminal to assign the instruction of data acquisition, just can start easily to gather agricultural environment information, the collecting efficiency of whole system is promoted greatly.
With reference to explanation hereinafter and accompanying drawing, disclose in detail the particular implementation of the application, the principle specifying the application can adopted mode.Should be appreciated that, thus the embodiment of the application is not restricted in scope.In the spirit of claims and the scope of clause, the embodiment of the application comprises many changes, amendment and is equal to.
The feature described for a kind of embodiment and/or illustrate can use in one or more other embodiment in same or similar mode, combined with the feature in other embodiment, or substitutes the feature in other embodiment.
Should emphasize, term " comprises/comprises " existence referring to feature, one integral piece, step or assembly when using herein, but does not get rid of the existence or additional of one or more further feature, one integral piece, step or assembly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Included accompanying drawing is used to provide the further understanding to the embodiment of the present application, which constitutes a part for instructions, for illustrating the embodiment of the application, and comes together to explain the principle of the application with text description.Apparently, the accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the application, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, can also obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.In the accompanying drawings:
The functional block diagram of a kind of agricultural environment information collection system that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present application.
Embodiment
Technical scheme in the application is understood better in order to make those skilled in the art person, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical scheme in the embodiment of the present application is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only some embodiments of the present application, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the application, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making other embodiments all obtained under creative work prerequisite, all should belong to the scope of the application's protection.
The functional block diagram of a kind of agricultural environment information collection system that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present application.As shown in Figure 1, the sensor 500 of described agricultural environment information collection system database server 100, mobile terminal 200, channel relay device 300, hub 400 and predetermined number, the sensor 500 of described predetermined number is connected with described hub 400, described hub 400 is connected with described channel relay device 300, described mobile terminal 200 accesses in described channel relay device 300 by wireless access way, described mobile terminal 200 is connected with described database server 100, wherein:
Described sensor 500 comprises sensing unit 501 and microprocessing unit 502, described sensing list 501 yuan is used for gathering agricultural environment information, and described agricultural environment information is sent to described microprocessing unit 502, described microprocessing unit 502 carries out Frame process according to preset format to described agricultural environment information, and the agricultural environment information after process is sent in described channel relay device 300 by described hub 400.
Particularly, the microprocessing unit 502 of the embodiment of the present application can be one chip microcomputer, agricultural environment packets of information can be dressed up the Frame of consolidation form by this one chip microcomputer, after receiving the reading order that channel relay device sends, just the serial ports of the Frame of agricultural environment information by hub can be transferred in channel relay device through 485 interfaces.The sensor of described predetermined number at least comprises intensity of illumination sensor, soil moisture sensor, soil temperature sensor, soil salinity sensor and air humidity sensor.
First passage in described channel relay device 300 is connected with described hub 400, the sensor 500 of the agricultural environment information that the sensor 500 being used for receiving described predetermined number is sent or mutually described predetermined number sends data acquisition instructions, another passage in described channel relay device 300 is connected with serial server 301, is used for sending described agricultural environment information by described serial server 301 to described mobile terminal 200 or receiving by described serial server 301 data acquisition instructions that described mobile terminal 200 sends.
Particularly, in the embodiment of the present application, the key control unit of described channel relay device can be STM32 control chip, the first passage of described channel relay device is connected networking through 485 interfaces with the sensor of predetermined number by the serial ports of hub, and second channel then can utilize at least one in bluetooth access way, infrared ray access way or WIFI access way and mobile terminal to carry out communication by external serial server.The data acquisition instructions that mobile terminal sends can be forwarded on 485 data buss and convey to sensor by described channel relay device, then the agricultural environment information of sensor collection can be sent to mobile terminal with the MODBUSRTU data layout of standard.
Described mobile terminal 200 is used for storing the agricultural environment information that described channel relay device 300 is sent, and described agricultural environment information is uploaded in described database server 100.
In the embodiment of the present application, described mobile terminal for carrying the mobile terminal of storage card, thus can store agricultural environment information better.The application program of agricultural environment information acquisition can be loaded with down in advance in described mobile terminal 200, the instruction of data acquisition can be assigned to channel relay device by this application program, thus described channel relay device can be allowed to pass on the instruction of data acquisition in sensor, thus the collection of agricultural environment information can be realized.Described mobile terminal can be smart mobile phone, and can be also panel computer or personal digital assistant, the embodiment of the present application limit this.
When described mobile terminal 200 uploads agricultural environment information to described database server 100, if when quantity of information is larger, can be connected with described database server by USB data line, derive agricultural environment information to described database server; If when quantity of information is smaller, agricultural environment information just can be sent in described database server by wireless network by described mobile terminal.
Described database server 100 is used for backing up agricultural environment information that described mobile terminal 200 sends and in response to request of access, shows described agricultural environment information.
In the embodiment of the present application, described database server can provide the inquiry of agricultural environment information for user.User can access this database server by two kinds of modes: one is conducted interviews to it by mobile terminal, and one is conducted interviews to it by browser web technology.
The described access mode by browser Web technology is realized by server application.Described server application can be the multi-platform application program operating in server end of support of WebAccess exploitation.
A kind of agricultural environment information collection system that the embodiment of the present application provides, by adopting the identical sensor of structure to agricultural environment information, thus avoid situation incompatible between different sensors, thus also reduce the cost of research and development required for different sensors.Be stored in mobile terminal additionally by by the agricultural environment collected information, thus can back up further agricultural environment information easily, such as, be uploaded in database server by USB data line or wireless network.And when carrying out data acquisition, only needing mobile terminal to assign the instruction of data acquisition, just can start easily to gather agricultural environment information, the collecting efficiency of whole system is promoted greatly.
With the object described, those skilled in the art are supplied to the description of the various embodiments of the application above.It is not intended to is exhaustive or is not intended to the present invention to be limited to single disclosed embodiment.As mentioned above, the various alternative and change of the application will be apparent for above-mentioned technology one of ordinary skill in the art.Therefore, although specifically discuss the embodiment of some alternatives, other embodiment will be apparent, or those skilled in the art relatively easily draw.This society loving-kindness is intended to be included in that of the present invention all that this had discussed substitute, amendment and change, and drops on other embodiment in the spirit and scope of above-mentioned application.

Claims (6)

1. an agricultural environment information collection system, described system comprises the sensor of database server, mobile terminal, channel relay device, hub and predetermined number, it is characterized in that:
The sensor of described predetermined number is connected with described hub, described hub is connected with described channel relay device, and described mobile terminal is accessed in described channel relay device by wireless access way, and described mobile terminal is connected with described database server, wherein
Described sensor comprises sensing unit and microprocessing unit, described sensing unit is used for gathering agricultural environment information, and described agricultural environment information is sent to described microprocessing unit, described microprocessing unit carries out Frame process according to preset format to described agricultural environment information, and is sent in described channel relay device by the agricultural environment information after process by described hub;
First passage in described channel relay device is connected with described hub, the sensor of the agricultural environment information that the sensor being used for receiving described predetermined number is sent or mutually described predetermined number sends data acquisition instructions, another passage in described channel relay device is connected with serial server, is used for sending described agricultural environment information by described serial server to described mobile terminal or receiving by described serial server the data acquisition instructions that described mobile terminal sends;
Described mobile terminal is used for storing the agricultural environment information that described channel relay device is sent, and is uploaded in described database server by described agricultural environment information;
Described database server is used for backing up agricultural environment information that described mobile terminal sends and in response to request of access, shows described agricultural environment information.
2. a kind of agricultural environment information collection system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the sensor of described predetermined number at least comprises intensity of illumination sensor, soil moisture sensor, soil temperature sensor, soil salinity sensor and air humidity sensor.
3. a kind of agricultural environment information collection system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described mobile terminal is the mobile terminal carrying storage card.
4. a kind of agricultural environment information collection system as described in claim 1 or 3, is characterized in that, described mobile terminal is connected with described database server by data line or is connected with described database server by wireless network.
5. a kind of agricultural environment information collection system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described database server conducts interviews by browser or conducts interviews by described mobile terminal.
6. a kind of agricultural environment information collection system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described wireless access way comprises at least one in bluetooth access way, infrared ray access way or WIFI access way.
CN201510535884.5A 2015-08-26 2015-08-26 Agricultural environment information collection system Pending CN105046925A (en)

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Application publication date: 20151111