CN105040613A - Multifunctional leaf collecting vehicle - Google Patents

Multifunctional leaf collecting vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105040613A
CN105040613A CN201510241459.5A CN201510241459A CN105040613A CN 105040613 A CN105040613 A CN 105040613A CN 201510241459 A CN201510241459 A CN 201510241459A CN 105040613 A CN105040613 A CN 105040613A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyer belt
car
motor
baffle plate
suction nozzle
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Granted
Application number
CN201510241459.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105040613B (en
Inventor
刘翔
方晔
张云玲
周立奎
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Nanjing Institute of Industry Technology
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Nanjing Institute of Industry Technology
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Priority to CN201510241459.5A priority Critical patent/CN105040613B/en
Publication of CN105040613A publication Critical patent/CN105040613A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105040613B publication Critical patent/CN105040613B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional leaf collecting vehicle which comprises a vehicle body. The lower part of the front end of the vehicle body is provided with a rolling brush which is connected with a brush motor. A conveyor belt which is connected with a conveyor motor is arranged behind the rolling brush. The front end of the conveyor belt is adapted with the rolling brush, and the back end extends into a garbage chamber. The back outlet of the conveyor belt is provided with a suction nozzle. The suction nozzle is connected with a spiral cutter arranged in a collecting chamber. The collecting chamber is internally provided with a blower fan. The spiral cutter and the blower fan are connected with a driving motor. A baffle plate which is opened and closed by a pressure sensor is arranged below the spiral cutter. A fermentation chamber is arranged below the baffle plate. The fermentation chamber is internally provided with a fermentation liquor pouring device and a mixer. The fermentation chamber is provided with a drawing pump which is connected with a motor. The multifunctional leaf collecting vehicle can efficiently collect leafs on a road and performs effective separation, and the collected leafs are crushed and then fermented, thereby obtaining an organic fertilizer.

Description

A kind of multi-functional leaf gathers car
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of multi-functional leaf and gather car, can mechanization, the collection realizing leaf in road pavement of automation, pulverizing, fermentation and utilization.
Background technology
Owing to raining, blowing, the situation such as weather or the seasonal fallen leaves of plant can make leaf drop on road surface, in the problem of process road surface leaf, people generally adopt the method for centralized burning or compost after hand sweeping, and so not only personnel labor intensity is large but also inefficiency, also contaminated environment.For this reason, people have carried out long-term exploration, propose various solution.
Such as, Chinese patent literature discloses the collection of a kind of leaf, pulverizing, recovery, reutilizing device [application number 201210100502.2], comprises leaf sucker, the first eliminator, the first deduster, rotating blade, motor, blast fan, loader, the second eliminator and the second deduster.Owing to have employed said structure, the collection efficiency of leaf is promoted to some extent, and pulverization process has been carried out to leaf.But said apparatus can not utilize in time to the leaf pulverized; Because the area of sucker is little, in the collection, separating treatment of leaf, also seem that efficiency is not obvious; In addition, its automaticity is lower.
Summary of the invention
For above deficiency, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of multi-functional leaf and gather car, adopt this collection car to process by road pavement leaf.
Object of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of multi-functional leaf gathers car, comprises car body, is provided with the rolling hairbrush be connected with hair brush motor at car body front lower portion; The rear of rolling hairbrush is provided with the conveyer belt be connected with conveyer belt motor, and the front end of conveyer belt and rolling hairbrush adaptation, the rear end of conveyer belt is stretched in trash repository; Be provided with suction nozzle at the back outlet place of conveyer belt, suction nozzle is connected with the helical tooth blade be arranged in collecting bin by conduit; Blast fan is provided with in collecting bin; Helical tooth blade is all connected with drive motors with blast fan; The baffle plate being controlled opening and closing by pressure sensor is provided with below helical tooth blade; The below of baffle plate is provided with fermentation cabin; Be provided with zymotic fluid in fermentation cabin and pour into device and agitator; Fermentation cabin is provided with the drawing pump be connected with motor.
Further design of the present invention is:
In order to improve cleaning and transport the efficiency of rubbish, by the width of rolling hairbrush and the width of conveyer belt suitable, the operating efficiency of rolling hairbrush and conveyer belt is fully utilized; Wherein, in order to the easier transport rubbish of energy, conveyer belt is set to the ramp type that angle of inclination is 35 °, and the rubbish on conveyer belt is subject to enough frictional force, makes transport efficiency higher; Further, the structure of suction nozzle is set to horn mouth, can collect leaf better; In addition, in order to make the opening and closing of baffle plate more convenient, baffle plate is provided with two pieces side by side.
Compared with prior art, remarkable advantage of the present invention is:
The present invention can collect road surface leaf efficiently and effectively be separated, and carries out fermentation process again, thus obtain organic fertilizer to the leaf collected after carrying out pulverization process; Simple to operate, automaticity is high, has not only beautified the appearance of the city but also protected environment, more achieve making full use of of this organic waste of leaf in road pavement, can be applicable to school, community, square, avenue.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that multi-functional leaf gathers car.
Mark in figure:
1, rolling hairbrush, 2, hair brush motor, 3, conveyer belt, 4, suction nozzle, 5, helical tooth blade, 6, drive motors, 7, collecting bin, 8, baffle plate, 9, blast fan, 10, drawing pump, 11, zymotic fluid pours into device, and 12, agitator, 13, fermentation cabin, 14, trash repository, 15, conveyer belt motor.
Detailed description of the invention
The course of work of the present invention is:
A kind of multi-functional leaf gathers car, and comprise car body, be provided with rolling hairbrush 1 at car body front lower portion, rolling hairbrush 1 is connected with hair brush motor 2; It is the ramp type conveyer belt 3 of 35 ° that the rear of rolling hairbrush 1 is provided with angle of inclination, conveyer belt 3 is driven by conveyer belt motor 15, the front end of conveyer belt 3 and rolling hairbrush 1 are adaptive, the adaptation of each autokinesis and the adaptation of width when comprising work, and the rear end of conveyer belt 3 is stretched in trash repository 14; Be provided with suction nozzle 4 at the back outlet place of conveyer belt 3, its structure is horn mouth, and suction nozzle 4 is connected with the helical tooth blade 5 be arranged in collecting bin 7 by conduit; Blast fan 9 is provided with in collecting bin 7; Helical tooth blade 5 is all connected with drive motors 6 with blast fan 9; Be provided with two pieces of baffle plates 8 side by side below helical tooth blade 5, be provided with pressure sensor, the open and close of baffle plate 8 can be controlled; The below of baffle plate 8 is provided with fermentation cabin 13; Be provided with zymotic fluid in fermentation cabin 13 and pour into device 11 and agitator 12; Fermentation cabin 13 is provided with the drawing pump 10 be connected with motor.
Also the present invention is further illustrated by reference to the accompanying drawings below by embodiment:
Under the driving of hair brush motor 2, rolling hairbrush 1 is started working.Along with vehicle travels, the rubbish on road is swept on conveyer belt 3 by rolling hairbrush 1, and conveyer belt 3 drives work by conveyer belt motor 15.Rubbish is transported to its rear end place through conveyer belt 3.Simultaneously, blast fan 9 works under the driving of drive motors 6, the suction nozzle 4 be connected with blast fan 9 is arranged on just to the position of the rear end of conveyer belt 3, leaf in rubbish is inhaled in collecting bin 7 by suction nozzle 4 because of its lighter in weight, all the other rubbish are fallen in trash repository 14, are provided with helical tooth blade 5 in collecting chamber 7.The leaf be inhaled into is after helical tooth blade 5 is pulverized, and broken leaf is stayed on baffle plate 8.Baffle plate 8 is provided with pressure sensor, and baffle plate 8 will be made downwards to open when broken leaf accumulation reaches certain weight, broken leaf falls in fermentation cabin 13, and zymotic fluid pours into device 11 and starts simultaneously and inject a certain amount of zymotic fluid to fermentation cabin 13 li.After zymotic fluid pours into device 11 stopping, starting agitator 12 and broken leaf is fully mixed with zymotic fluid.Ferment after 4 hours, just can start drawing pump 10, fertilizer solution is extracted out and uses.

Claims (5)

1. multi-functional leaf gathers a car, comprises car body, it is characterized in that: be provided with the rolling hairbrush (1) be connected with hair brush motor (2) at car body front lower portion; The rear of rolling hairbrush (1) is provided with the conveyer belt (3) be connected with conveyer belt motor (15), and the front end of conveyer belt (3) and rolling hairbrush (1) adaptation, the rear end of conveyer belt (3) is stretched in trash repository (14); Be provided with suction nozzle (4) at the back outlet place of conveyer belt (3), suction nozzle (4) is connected with the helical tooth blade (5) be arranged in collecting bin (7) by conduit; Blast fan (9) is provided with in collecting bin (7); Helical tooth blade (5) is all connected with drive motors (6) with blast fan (9); Helical tooth blade (5) below is provided with the baffle plate (8) being controlled opening and closing by pressure sensor; The below of baffle plate (8) is provided with fermentation cabin (13); Be provided with zymotic fluid in fermentation cabin (13) and pour into device (11) and agitator (12); Fermentation cabin (13) is provided with the drawing pump (10) be connected with motor.
2. multi-functional leaf according to claim 1 gathers car, it is characterized in that: the width of rolling hairbrush (1) and the width of conveyer belt (3) suitable.
3. multi-functional leaf according to claim 1 gathers car, it is characterized in that: conveyer belt (3) for angle of inclination be the ramp type of 35 °.
4. multi-functional leaf according to claim 1 gathers car, it is characterized in that: suction nozzle (4) is bell-mouth structure of air.
5. multi-functional leaf according to claim 1 gathers car, it is characterized in that: baffle plate (8) is provided with two pieces side by side.
CN201510241459.5A 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 A kind of multi-functional leaveves collecting vehicle Active CN105040613B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510241459.5A CN105040613B (en) 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 A kind of multi-functional leaveves collecting vehicle

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CN105040613B CN105040613B (en) 2017-03-01

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106544974A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-03-29 天津福威科技发展有限公司 A kind of rubbish sweeping machine
CN108033816A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-15 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of recycling fertilizer production apparatus of fallen leaves
CN108166424A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-15 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of cleaning collection device of gardens fallen leaves
CN108457229A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-08-28 朱小英 A kind of leaf sweeping vehicle
CN109180254A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-11 仲池 A kind of gardens environmental protection appliance has the fallen leaves for making compost function to collect processing equipment
CN109290198A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-02-01 王大幸 A kind of garbage reclamation sorter
CN109930533A (en) * 2019-04-20 2019-06-25 杨桂英 A kind of landscape planting park maintenance construction equipment
CN111827189A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-10-27 赵彦强 A clean recovery unit for maple fallen leaves

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10249282A (en) * 1997-03-11 1998-09-22 Nkk Corp Wind selector
CN2397180Y (en) * 1999-08-26 2000-09-20 张全礼 Road sweeper
JP2007092490A (en) * 2005-09-26 2007-04-12 Hirajima Giken:Kk Sweeper
CN201236328Y (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-05-13 张斌达 Deciduous leaf collecting processor
CN203917153U (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-11-05 北京金亮点市政园林工程有限公司 A kind of sieving garbage system
CN203960791U (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-11-26 徐州市江川农业发展科技有限公司 Bothridium Machine that can self-prepared organic fertilizer
CN204644929U (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-16 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of multi-functional leaf gathers car

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10249282A (en) * 1997-03-11 1998-09-22 Nkk Corp Wind selector
CN2397180Y (en) * 1999-08-26 2000-09-20 张全礼 Road sweeper
JP2007092490A (en) * 2005-09-26 2007-04-12 Hirajima Giken:Kk Sweeper
CN201236328Y (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-05-13 张斌达 Deciduous leaf collecting processor
CN203960791U (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-11-26 徐州市江川农业发展科技有限公司 Bothridium Machine that can self-prepared organic fertilizer
CN203917153U (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-11-05 北京金亮点市政园林工程有限公司 A kind of sieving garbage system
CN204644929U (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-16 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of multi-functional leaf gathers car

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106544974A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-03-29 天津福威科技发展有限公司 A kind of rubbish sweeping machine
CN108033816A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-15 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of recycling fertilizer production apparatus of fallen leaves
CN108166424A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-15 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of cleaning collection device of gardens fallen leaves
CN108457229A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-08-28 朱小英 A kind of leaf sweeping vehicle
CN109290198A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-02-01 王大幸 A kind of garbage reclamation sorter
CN109180254A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-11 仲池 A kind of gardens environmental protection appliance has the fallen leaves for making compost function to collect processing equipment
CN109930533A (en) * 2019-04-20 2019-06-25 杨桂英 A kind of landscape planting park maintenance construction equipment
CN111827189A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-10-27 赵彦强 A clean recovery unit for maple fallen leaves

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