CN105032900A - Integrated kitchen waste treatment equipment and method - Google Patents

Integrated kitchen waste treatment equipment and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105032900A
CN105032900A CN201510511321.2A CN201510511321A CN105032900A CN 105032900 A CN105032900 A CN 105032900A CN 201510511321 A CN201510511321 A CN 201510511321A CN 105032900 A CN105032900 A CN 105032900A
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food waste
waste treatment
treatment equipment
integrated form
equipment according
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CN201510511321.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石柏军
谢应智
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石柏军
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Priority to CN201510511321.2A priority Critical patent/CN105032900A/en
Publication of CN105032900A publication Critical patent/CN105032900A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of kitchen waste treatment, in particular to integrated kitchen waste treatment equipment and method. The integrated kitchen waste treatment equipment comprises a smashing system, a dehydrating system, an aerobic fermentation system and a deodorizing system which are integrated into a whole and are sequentially connected according to the waste treatment route. The aerobic fermentation system comprises a fermentation barrel, a driving device and shoveling plates, wherein the driving device is connected with the fermentation barrel and is used for driving the fermentation barrel to rotate, and the shoveling plates are arranged inside the fermentation barrel. According to the technical scheme, by adopting the kitchen waste treatment equipment, the occupied area is small, the treatment cycle is short, and the problem of secondary pollution to the environment is avoided.

Description

Integrated form food waste treatment equipment and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to changing food waste processing technology field, be specifically related to a kind of integrated form food waste treatment equipment and method.
Background technology
Changing food waste refers to that resident's daily life and food processing, catering service, unit such as to serve the meals at the rubbish produced in activity, comprise and abandon no dish leaf, leftovers, leftovers, pericarp, eggshell, tea grounds, bone etc., its main source is family kitchen, dining room, restaurant, dining room, market and other industries relevant with food processing.Changing food waste contains high moisture and organic matter, is easy to addle, and produces stench.But, changing food waste, after dealing carefully with and processing, can be converted into new resource, and the feature of high content of organics makes it after strictly processing, can be used as fertilizer, feed, also can produce biogas and be used as fuel or generating, oil fraction then can be used for preparing bio-fuel.
At present, domestic production meal kitchen regenerative feedstuff technique mainly bioanalysis and Physical.Bioanalysis utilizes changing food waste to ferment, and with microbial growth breeding and metabolism, accumulates useful thalline, enzyme and intermediate, after drying, makes protein feed.And Physical carries out dry disinfection after directly being dewatered by changing food waste, after pulverizing, make feed.
The Food waste treatment method of prior art comprises pulverizes in line method, landfill method and Fertilizer Transformed processing method.Pulverizing in line method is generally local configuration food waste treatment device in kitchen etc., the changing food waste after pulverizing is entered the method for municipal sewer pipe network, is discharged into urban sewage treatment system carries out harmless treatment with water after mixing.Changing food waste is sent into landfill yard and is carried out landfill disposal by landfill method together with common rubbish.Current landfill method landfill rate presents downward trend, and changing food waste enters landfill yard process even to have a lot of country to forbid.Fertilizer Transformed processing method mainly comprises aerobic compost and anaerobic digestion two kinds.Aerobic composting process is under aerobic conditions, and organic solid is decomposed into soluble organic matter by the ectoenzyme making good use of oxygen animalcule secretion, then penetrates in cell, by the metabolism of microorganism, realizes whole composting process.The Anaerobic Digestion of changing food waste refers to that organic waste decomposes by microorganism under specific anaerobic condition, carbon wherein, hydrogen, oxygen are converted into methane and carbon dioxide, the elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium then retain in residue, and are converted into the form of easy passive plant absorption utilization.
But, in above Food waste treatment method, pulverize in line method to be generally applicable to produce the less unit of changing food waste amount, the method is often grown germ, mosquitos and flies and is caused transmission in municipal sewage system, drain line blockage may be caused simultaneously, reduce the drainability of municipal sewage system, increase the weight of the load of urban sewage treatment system, also inevitably produce secondary pollution; Fertilizer Transformed processing method one is that floor space is large, long processing period, and two is that the sewage that produces in composting process and foul smell can cause secondary pollution to surrounding enviroment.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of integrated form food waste treatment equipment and method, to overcome the long processing period of the Food waste treatment method of prior art, and the problem of secondary pollution is caused to environment.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of integrated form food waste treatment equipment, comprise and being integrated in one and the crushing system, dewatering system, aerobic fermentation system and the deodoration system that are connected successively according to garbage disposal path; Described aerobic fermentation system comprises fermentation cylinder, be connected with the cylinder that ferments and for the drive unit that drives the cylinder that ferments to rotate and the flight be arranged in described fermentation cylinder.
Preferably, in order to further convenient transport, be conveniently applied to different places, and overcome the large problem of existing Food waste treatment method floor space, described crushing system, dewatering system, aerobic fermentation system and deodoration system are integrated in a casing.
Preferably, conveniently by changing food waste Separation of Solid and Liquid, and further through process, clear water discharge is become to the sewage produced in changing food waste processing procedure, reduce the secondary pollution to environment, the oil water separator that described dewatering system comprises screw extruding dewatering device and is connected with screw extruding dewatering device.
Preferably, in order to effectively carry out extrusion dehydration and prevent screw extruding dewatering device occur blocking situation, described screw extruding dewatering device comprise be provided with charging aperture and discharging opening housing, be arranged on the conical screw in housing and be sheathed on the wedge shape screen cloth of described conical screw outside.
Preferably, conveniently promoted by changing food waste and overturn and pour feed hopper into, the side of described crushing system is provided with rubbish and promotes switching mechanism; Described rubbish promotes switching mechanism and comprises guide rail, dustbin and for driving dustbin along the drive unit of described slide, and the lower end of described guide rail is fixedly connected with fermentation cylinder, and the upper end of described guide rail to tilt extension to the charging aperture of described crushing system.
Preferably, in order to further facilitate, fermented manure process is carried out to the changing food waste after dehydrated, and the continuous operations of convenient fermentation cylinder, make continuous discharge, described flight is set to multiple, multiple described flight arranged crosswise.
Preferably, conveniently carry out fermented manure process to the changing food waste after dehydrated, and the continuous operations of convenient fermentation cylinder, make continuous discharge, described flight is set to be the angle of 0-60 degree with horizontal direction.
Preferably, conveniently deodorizing, and make good deodorization effect, described deodoration system comprises enclosed absorption casing, and described absorption casing is provided with biologic packing material layer for adsorbing foul smell or active carbon.
The present invention also provides a kind of processing method of the changing food waste based on integrated form food waste treatment equipment, comprises the following steps:
S1, changing food waste are pulverized;
Rubbish after S2, pulverizing carries out screw extruding processed;
S3, utilization fermentation cylinder carry out aerobic fermentation compost treatment;
S4, the foul smell produced in processing procedure is carried out deodorizing process;
Water after S5, screw extruding processed carries out water-oil separating;
Water after S6, process is discharged.
Preferably, in order to raise the efficiency, convenient lifting by changing food waste overturn and pours pulverizer into, comprises the step adopting rubbish lifting switching mechanism rubbish to be poured into pulverizer to carry out pulverizing before described step S1.
A kind of integrated form food waste treatment equipment provided by the present invention and method, it has following technique effect: 1, high efficiency: according to garbage disposal path be successively connected by crushing system, dewatering system, aerobic fermentation system and deodoration system, facilitate the process of changing food waste, and pass through the processing mode of the aerobic fermentation compost in fermentation cylinder, shorten the processing time of changing food waste, improve efficiency; 2, convenience: whole system is integrated in one, convenient transport, is conveniently applied to different places, and solves the large problem of existing floor space; 3, continuity: aerobic fermentation system utilizes rotating driving device to drive fermentation cylinder to rotate, and the flight by arranging, fermented manure process is carried out to the changing food waste after dehydrated, and the continuous operations of fermentation cylinder, be convenient to continuous discharge, solve the problem of existing Food waste treatment method long processing period; 4, pollute little: deodoration system is discharged in air after getting rid of stink again, while deodoration system makes integrated form food waste treatment equipment more perfect, also avoids causing secondary pollution to surrounding enviroment, environmental protection more.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of the integrated form food waste treatment equipment of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of the integrated form food waste treatment equipment of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the top view of the integrated form food waste treatment equipment of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the fermentation cylinder of the integrated form food waste treatment equipment of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the screw extruding dewatering device of the integrated form food waste treatment equipment of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the deodoration system of the integrated form food waste treatment equipment of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation that the integrated form food waste treatment equipment of the embodiment of the present invention is integrated in a casing.
In figure: 1-dustbin, 2-pulverizer, 3-feed hopper, 4-ferments cylinder, 5-adsorbs casing, 6-oil water separator, 7-screw extruding dewatering device, 8-casing, 11-guide rail, 21-round roller, 41-base, 42-drive unit, 43-flight, 51-rain cover, 52-biologic packing material layer, 61-oil tank, 71-charging aperture, 72-conical screw, 73-discharging opening, 74-wedge shape screen cloth.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, technical solution of the present invention is further illustrated:
As shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 7: the invention provides a kind of integrated form food waste treatment equipment, comprise and being integrated in one and the crushing system, dewatering system, aerobic fermentation system and the deodoration system that are connected successively according to garbage disposal path; Aerobic fermentation system comprises fermentation cylinder 4, be connected with the cylinder 4 that ferments and for the drive unit 42 that drives the cylinder 4 that ferments to rotate and be arranged on the flight 43 fermented in cylinder 4.
Particularly, as shown in Figure 7, consider convenient transport, conveniently be applied to different places, and overcoming the large problem of existing Food waste treatment method floor space, crushing system, dewatering system, aerobic fermentation system and deodoration system are integrated in a casing 8, in addition, in order to effectively prevent rainwater from entering casing 8, can also at the side outer setting rain cover 51 of casing 8.
Crushing system adopts pulverizer 2 conventional in prior art, and pulverizer 2 comprises feed hopper 3 and two round rollers 21, two being provided with external tooth have the round roller 21 of tooth to form crusher chamber.
In addition, the oil water separator 6 that dewatering system comprises screw extruding dewatering device 7 and is connected with screw extruding dewatering device 7, oil water separator 6 is connected with between screw extruding dewatering device 7 and aerobic fermentation system, convenient by changing food waste Separation of Solid and Liquid, and further through process, clear water discharge is become to the sewage produced in changing food waste processing procedure, reduce the secondary pollution to environment, particularly, as shown in Figure 6, oil water separator 6 is provided with oil tank 61, and oil tank 61 is connected with the water outlet of oil water separator 6.
Screw extruding dewatering device 7 and deodoration system are positioned at the same side of aerobic fermentation system, and screw extruding dewatering device 7 and the layout between deodoration system and aerobic fermentation system, be convenient to integrate, and facilitates the process of changing food waste.
As shown in Figure 5, screw extruding dewatering device 7 comprise be provided with charging aperture 71 and discharging opening 73 housing, be arranged on the conical screw 72 in housing and be sheathed on the wedge shape screen cloth 74 of conical screw 72 outside, be convenient to carry out extrusion dehydration and prevent screw extruding dewatering device 7 from occurring the situation of blocking, wherein, wedge shape screen cloth 74 refers to that cross section is the mesh structure of wedge shape.
Flight 43 is set to multiple, multiple flight 43 arranged crosswise, flight 43 is set to be the angle of 0-60 degree with horizontal direction, particularly, the angle of flight 43 can be set to 0 degree, 30 degree or 45 degree, further facilitate and fermented manure process is carried out to the changing food waste after dehydrated, and the continuous operations of convenient fermentation cylinder, make continuous discharge.In addition, fermentation cylinder 4 is provided with base 41, is convenient to support fermentation cylinder and rotates.
Particularly, the side of crushing system is provided with rubbish and promotes switching mechanism; Rubbish promotes switching mechanism and comprises guide rail 11, dustbin 1 and for driving dustbin along the drive unit of described slide, and the lower end of guide rail 11 is fixedly connected with fermentation cylinder 4, and the upper end of guide rail 11 to tilt extension to the charging aperture of crushing system.Particularly, rubbish lifting switching mechanism comprises dustbin 1, for promoting the chain of dustbin 1 and being arranged on the guide rail 11 that chain can slide for dustbin 1.Rubbish promotes the motor that switching mechanism comprises chain drive-belt running and dustbin 1 can be slided on guide rail 11; Chain is longitudinally arranged on the side of dustbin 1, guide rail 11 is arranged between chain and dustbin 1, guide rail 11 is L shape, its shape and chain match, guide rail 11 and chain are fitted, makes dustbin 1 tilt to feed hopper 3 under the guide effect of guide rail 11 when being promoted to the top of guide rail 11 and dump rubbish to feed hopper 3 thus.
Particularly, as shown in Figure 6, deodoration system comprises enclosed absorption casing 5, and absorption casing 5 is provided with the biologic packing material layer 52 for adsorbing foul smell, facilitates deodorizing, and makes good deodorization effect.In addition, absorption casing can also arrange active carbon, and by the effect absorption foul smell of active carbon, in addition, the side of absorption casing 5 is provided with rain cover 51, prevents rainwater from passing through absorption casing 5 and enters in deodoration system, affect deodorizing effect.
What deserves to be explained is, the crushing system in technical solution of the present invention can adopt common pulverizer to carry out pulverization process.Screw extruding dewatering device 7 can adopt the screw extruding dewaterer of prior art routine, and its principle mainly utilizes the mode of spiral process that the changing food waste after pulverizing is carried out processed.Oil water separator is discharged except after the oil in anhydrating by water-oil separating again.Deodoration system utilizes the mode of biological adsorption that the foul smell produced in processing procedure is carried out deodorizing process.
The invention provides a kind of processing method of the changing food waste based on integrated form food waste treatment equipment, comprise the following steps:
S1, changing food waste are pulverized;
Rubbish after S2, pulverizing carries out screw extruding processed;
S3, utilization fermentation cylinder carry out aerobic fermentation compost treatment;
S4, the foul smell produced in processing procedure is carried out deodorizing process;
Water after S5, screw extruding processed carries out water-oil separating;
Water after S6, process is discharged.
In the present embodiment, in order to raise the efficiency, convenient lifting by changing food waste overturn and pours pulverizer into, comprises the step adopting rubbish lifting switching mechanism rubbish to be poured into pulverizer to carry out pulverizing before step S1.
Particularly, the method for the process of changing food waste is: drive motors promotes the driving force of switching mechanism as rubbish, by chain lifting, when being promoted to peak, under the effect of guide rail 11, realizing the upset of dustbin 1, rubbish being poured into pulverizer 2.Changing food waste enters from feed hopper 3, during work, two have the round roller 21 of tooth to make opposite direction rotating, due to the rubbing action between changing food waste and round roller 21, be involved in by the changing food waste fed in crusher chamber that two round rollers 21 are formed crushed, broken changing food waste is discharged from the gap location between two round rollers 21.Recycling screw extruder carries out garbage dewatering process, then fermentation cylinder 4 is utilized to carry out fermentation process, the arrangement arranged crosswise of flight is adopted inside fermentation cylinder 4, and utilizing the arranged crosswise of flight to carry out fermentation cylinder 4 compost, the method for the exhaust gas utilization biological adsorption deodorizing then generated is carried out deodorizing process and is discharged in absorption casing 5.Wherein, be processed into after clear water through oil water separator 6 again through the sewage of screw extrusion processed and discharge again.Rubbish after treatment finally becomes fertilizer and discharges from fermentation cylinder 4.
In addition, S1 and the S2 step in Food waste treatment method of the present invention can also reversed order according to actual needs, particularly, first changing food waste is carried out screw extruding processed, and then carries out pulverization process.
Adopt integrated form food waste treatment equipment and the method for technical solution of the present invention, complete equipment small investment, take up an area little, the duration is short; Treatment effect is reliable and stable; Can design as requested.And this integrated form food waste treatment equipment automaticity is high; Simple to operate, easy to maintenance; Operating cost is low; Be applicable to promoting the use of.In addition, integrated form food waste treatment equipment accessible site is in general wagon container, and convenient transport, can be applied to different places, solves the problem that existing floor space is large.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the technology of the present invention principle; can also make some improvement and replacement, these improve and replace and also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an integrated form food waste treatment equipment, is characterized in that: comprise and being integrated in one and the crushing system, dewatering system, aerobic fermentation system and the deodoration system that are connected successively according to garbage disposal path; Described aerobic fermentation system comprises fermentation cylinder, be connected with the cylinder that ferments and for the drive unit that drives the cylinder that ferments to rotate and the flight be arranged in described fermentation cylinder.
2. integrated form food waste treatment equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described crushing system, dewatering system, aerobic fermentation system and deodoration system are integrated in a casing.
3. integrated form food waste treatment equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the oil water separator that described dewatering system comprises screw extruding dewatering device and is connected with screw extruding dewatering device.
4. integrated form food waste treatment equipment according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described screw extruding dewatering device comprise be provided with charging aperture and discharging opening housing, be arranged on the conical screw in housing and be sheathed on the wedge shape screen cloth of described conical screw outside.
5. the integrated form food waste treatment equipment according to any one of claim 1-3, is characterized in that: the side of described crushing system is provided with rubbish and promotes switching mechanism;
Described rubbish promotes switching mechanism and comprises guide rail, dustbin and for driving dustbin along the drive unit of described slide, and the lower end of described guide rail is fixedly connected with fermentation cylinder, and the upper end of described guide rail to tilt extension to the charging aperture of described crushing system.
6. the integrated form food waste treatment equipment according to any one of claim 1-3, is characterized in that: described flight is set to multiple, multiple described flight arranged crosswise.
7. integrated form food waste treatment equipment according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described flight is set to be the angle of 0-60 degree with horizontal direction.
8. the integrated form food waste treatment equipment according to any one of claim 1-3, is characterized in that: described deodoration system comprises enclosed absorption casing, and described absorption casing is provided with biologic packing material layer for adsorbing foul smell or active carbon.
9., based on a Food waste treatment method for integrated form food waste treatment equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
S1, changing food waste are pulverized;
Rubbish after S2, pulverizing carries out screw extruding processed;
S3, utilization fermentation cylinder carry out aerobic fermentation compost treatment;
S4, the foul smell produced in processing procedure is carried out deodorizing process;
Water after S5, screw extruding processed carries out water-oil separating;
Water after S6, process is discharged.
10. the processing method of changing food waste as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that: comprise before described step S1 and adopt rubbish to promote switching mechanism rubbish to be poured into the step that pulverizer carries out pulverizing.
CN201510511321.2A 2015-08-19 2015-08-19 Integrated kitchen waste treatment equipment and method Pending CN105032900A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105478443A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-04-13 浙江大学 In-situ reduction type integrated device and treatment method for household garbage
CN106187333A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 江苏泽天生物科技有限公司 Food waste treatment device
CN106694155A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-24 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Household rubbish decrement treatment equipment
CN106733592A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-05-31 长沙有色冶金设计研究院有限公司 A kind of sorting consumer waste technique
CN106882983A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-06-23 上海勇迈实业有限公司 Salt and the super calibration method of grease in one kind control organic fertilizer
CN107266139A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-10-20 广西力源宝科技有限公司 Kitchen garbage system fertilizer machine and fertilizer manufacture
CN111905885A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-11-10 湘潭大学 Household kitchen waste treatment device
CN112267408A (en) * 2020-09-23 2021-01-26 广东杜尼智能机器人工程技术研究中心有限公司 Garbage cleaning, dumping and turnover one-stop seamless docking system
CN113354451A (en) * 2021-05-27 2021-09-07 珠海诚功科技发展有限公司 Kitchen waste treatment equipment
CN109678571B (en) * 2019-01-30 2021-10-29 东南大学 Heatable drum-type aerobic composting reactor

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105478443A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-04-13 浙江大学 In-situ reduction type integrated device and treatment method for household garbage
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CN111905885A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-11-10 湘潭大学 Household kitchen waste treatment device
CN112267408A (en) * 2020-09-23 2021-01-26 广东杜尼智能机器人工程技术研究中心有限公司 Garbage cleaning, dumping and turnover one-stop seamless docking system
CN112267408B (en) * 2020-09-23 2022-07-01 广东杜尼智能机器人工程技术研究中心有限公司 Garbage cleaning, dumping and turnover one-stop seamless docking system
CN113354451A (en) * 2021-05-27 2021-09-07 珠海诚功科技发展有限公司 Kitchen waste treatment equipment

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Application publication date: 20151111