CN105030496A - Visual system bionic training instrument having function of adjustable emmetropia out-of-focus glasses - Google Patents

Visual system bionic training instrument having function of adjustable emmetropia out-of-focus glasses Download PDF

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CN105030496A
CN105030496A CN201510513875.6A CN201510513875A CN105030496A CN 105030496 A CN105030496 A CN 105030496A CN 201510513875 A CN201510513875 A CN 201510513875A CN 105030496 A CN105030496 A CN 105030496A
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visual
training
adjustable
lens
degrees
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丛繁滋
刘海成
丛林
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丛繁滋
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Priority claimed from CN201610669687.7A external-priority patent/CN106054403B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a visual system bionic training instrument having the function of adjustable emmetropia out-of-focus glasses. The visual system bionic training instrument is characterized in that the two technologies of bionic visual training and emmetropia direction out-of-focus training are integrated. By means of seven kinds of visual system bionic training provided by a researcher in a previous patent application, storage of seven kinds of visual system strength is increased, the three necessary conditions for well maintaining the eyes are recovered, and thus the sight of a user is stably recovered and improved. Meanwhile, the emmetropia out-of-focus glasses are adjusted to the light emmetropia out-of-focus state in working, studying and entertaining, the auxiliary training of walking front and back in the past is replaced, and the eyeball emmetropia is induced more standardly. The glasses have the functions that by replacing and selecting the degrees of lenses (ocular lenses 1), the adjustable glasses can be suitable for all ametropia crowds, and the process of gradual recovery of non-emmetropia to emmetropia is accelerated through the emmetropia direction light out-of-focus state formed by fining degree adjustment of the distance of the two lenses.

Description

A kind of have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function
Technical field
The present invention relates to and a kind of there is the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, especially the near-sighted hypermetropic astigmatism amblyopia that bionical visual exercise and adjustable out of focus glasses merge mutually is looked side ways anisometropia therapy equipment.
Background technology
The sickness rate of myopia remains high in recent years, and 2000 the 4th time students of nation Physical Investigation shows, China's myopia of student rate is: pupil 20.23%, and junior school student 48.18%, and high school student 71.29%, and university students 73.01%.An investigation display in Hong Kong, pupil's rate of myopia is very general, and primary school's sixth-former rate of myopia is up to 60%, and this exceeds one times than New York; Estimate that middle school student's rate of myopia is up to more than 75%.Taiwan students's rate of myopia is also very high, pupil one grade 12%, six grades 55%, and middle school student's Third school grade is 76%, and senior middle school's Third school grade is 85%.Abroad instance also allows of no optimist, and such as Japanese senior poor eyesight rate is 57%, and Singapore Chinese high school graduate rate of myopia is 78%, and the general population rate of myopia of the U.S. is 1/3rd, and European Region then less, but still has a large amount of myopia population.Investigation demonstrates alarming 3 points, and namely near-sighted number gets more and more, and myopia degree is more and more darker, and the trouble myope age is more and more less, brings great inconvenience to student learning and life.
Adolescent myopia amblyopia has become the social problem of world today's property.According to recent statistics, China's myopia has 3.5 hundred million people; The general population rate of myopia of the U.S. is about 1/3rd.In other words there are nearly 2,000,000,000 myopes in the whole world, and is still formed in rolling, and quantity constantly rises.The current amblyopia rate of China children is close to 5 percent, and juvenile amblyopia patient is more than 2,000 ten thousand.
The present inventor finds that in eye diseases such as hypometropia prevention and therapy existing " near-sighted uncurable disease opinion " comes from traditional theory, and has following several respects shortcoming.
1, adjustment Theory has shortcoming:
Student reads a book, looks at the blackboard far, closely regulates 5,6 hours every day, myopia is still occurred frequently, visible adjustment Theory must be large problem (weak spot is: eye blood supply insufficiency, easily produces asthenopia, ciliary spasm, makes all adjustments all accuse inefficacy).Wherein, ciliary spasm, is become rusty extremely just as the mechanical adjustment part of user-friendly camera, and no matter how other parts operate, how system assigns instruction all can not take good picture.Therefore, only rely on adjustment Theory design myopia instrument be doomed invalid.
2, think little of visual angle and make visual deterioration:
Except visual acuity chart, almost from not mentioned visual angle in the control chain of eye diseases such as hypometropia, this is the maximum carelessness of modern medicine.
As everyone knows, any sky, the sun, moon having the people of vision can see infinity, see the building beyond tens meters, the people in the building beyond the sky can seeing infinity but having partial vision bad, the sun, the moon and tens meters but can't see the pin hole of sewing-needle in hands close at hand.The distance that visible modern medicine is paid attention to is unimportant here, and set also can weaken, and can visual angle be the indispensable principal contradiction seen clearly.But prior art wants the thing solving principal contradiction (visual angle) with secondary contradiction (set), to such an extent as to " near-sighted uncurable disease ".
Owing to not having the concept at visual angle, the visual angle of the luminous viewpoint of nearly all commercially available dipped beam eye diseases such as hypometropia therapeutic equipments is all greater than 150 subangles, and (with 5 meters for gauged distance, the opening visual angle used seeing 1.0 sighting targets on 5 meters of visual acuity charts clearly is 1 subangle; The opening visual angle used seeing 0.1 sighting target maximum on 5 meters of visual acuity charts clearly is 10 subangles), larger the hidden retina area in visual angle is larger, for the instinct of saving energy under the major premise that can see clearly, the visual cell of not all covered scope all participates in work, and only the choosing small part visual cell participation work relevant with profile just can meet vision needs.In the process, be not activated than the more visual cell of daily eye, but be suppressed in order to energy-conservation more visual cells.
In like manner, in daily life owing to not having the concept at visual angle, nearly all myope has formed the custom only seen and do not see with great visual angle small angle.Opposite messenger, only seeing that profile is not seen is whom; Sending a car in opposite, only sees that profile does not see car plate.The use of small angle vision is initiatively abandoned owing to identifying oneself not see, owing to moving back with entering to give up, owing to not having more visual cell to be activated, because more visual cells are suppressed, to such an extent as to visual deterioration.
3, there is leak in vision three interlock:
There is leak in theoretical basis vision three interlock that the eyes of existing treatment myopia close as instrument, visual system should be that 5-linked is moved.Three interlocks only have set change do not have visual angle change, with during empirical data contrast judgement because not having visual angle change to make brain produce puzzled or have the sensation of " being taken in ", thus collaborative support does not support that adjustment is (as user-friendly camera cannot complete adjustment when the important Detection Information of shortage.5-linked should be changed into move, the overall process of visual system interlock could be completed smoothly).
4, amblyopia treatment does not have overall idea:
The activation of visual cell is only focused in amblyopia treatment process, the visual cell be activated, optic cell how continuous firing no longer suppress no longer to give up with in do not do to consider, (weak spot is: the visual cell be activated, owing to not having sufficient blood supply, has to enter inhibitory state once again).In addition, in the activation process of visual cell, make mistake with great visual angle (visual angle when commercially available myopia, amblyopia therapeutic equipment use is at least more than 150 subangles), to such an extent as to have to carry out remedying (lacking: the super fineness eyesight training of small angle) with family's fineness eyesight training such as " acupuncture treatment hole ", " beading " and " grating therapy " " after image therapy ".To such an extent as to reach 2 ~ 3 years the course for the treatment of, even 7 ~ 8 years, and unsatisfactory curative effect.
5, only know that form deprivation does not do corresponding intervention:
Though modern science finds: " retinal function loss of equilibrium: the development of modern civilization makes the vast teen-age visual field be limited to the narrow visual field of the dead aheads such as books, television set, computer, video game more.Wallman points out: long-time near-distance reading itself is a kind of special form deprivation.Because only having foveal region of retina recess can obtain sufficient visual stimulus during near-distance reading, other most of position amphiblestroid then lacks enough stimulations, most of retina cell activity decrease.' moving back with entering to give up ' and blood supply and metaboilic level are proportionate, and are human body inherent laws.Found by research, in bathomorphic early stage Fundus oculi changes, peripheral retina is anemia state, and yellow skin is white, i.e. ' non-compressing is white ' phenomenon " (Li Meihong; Qian Jinyue; Shao great Bao, the anatomical basis of occurrence and devlopment of myopia, Chinese Clinical Chinese Journal of anatomy 2000; 18 (1), 59).But modern medicine does not make corresponding intervention to " the retinal function loss of equilibrium " that " form deprivation " causes, and glasses optical center is to the restriction in the visual field in addition.Thus make eye diseases such as hypometropia enter the one-way road can only advanced and can not retreat.Also make simultaneously some fundus oculi diseases under the line near arise at the historic moment.
6, existing glasses and using method thereof are the incurable major reasons of true myopia:
Be in particular in:
Human eye originally as user-friendly camera, when looking nearly thing or thing far away, all can automatically by image adjustment on retina, so normally far see closely all very clear soon.Myopia initial period (false stage) be all due to asthenopia, ciliary muscle to crystalline lens regulate dumb caused by, to the later stage i.e. true sexual stage of myopia, ciliary muscle loses completely to lenticular regulating power.Under seeing that nearly ciliary muscle regulates inflexible prerequisite for a long time, depending on image during thing far away just drop on amphiblestroid before, form a kind of fuzzy image.Near-sighted glasses can address this problem, and make the defocused image plane of thing far away get back to imaging on retina.But when people have on glasses see near objects time, the imaging focal plane of nearly thing has but dropped on after retina and has created new out of focus, namely retina is formed a kind of fuzzy image.Student is to see closely, and every day wants in-plant read-write tens hours.In order to see nearly thing clearly, in order to make up the deficiency of eyeball in adjustment, brain, retina are by the reflection chain of series of complex on psychology and physiology, start human visual system's emmetropization program and (biological instinct is adjusted to eyeball, meet the needs of and change oneself), eyeball is then adjusted length gradually backward, until the focal plane of nearly thing is fallen on retina, till can seeing nearly thing clearly.As everyone knows, eyeball often adjusts long one millimeter backward, just can offset the adjustment of glasses 300 degree.After eyeball is adjusted length, the thing followed is when looking thing far away, image again drop on amphiblestroid before, again unintelligible, need again to join mirror, after again joining mirror, the focal plane of nearly thing has been dropped on again after retina, in order to see nearly thing clearly, axis oculi is adjusted length again by brain again as tune user-friendly camera.And so forth, not only accelerate the raising of eyeglass lens power, accelerate the decline that eyeball was axially elongated, accelerates eye eyesight, glasses wearer also can be made to increase suffer from other danger as ophthalmics such as retina shedding, glaucoma and retinopathys simultaneously.Therefore, British scientist is appealed: near-sighted glasses are not the correct methods of myopia correction.Students of nation myopic eye preventing and treating work expert guidance group group leader Xu Guang says: " wearing glasses is a kind of main method of correcting defects of vision at present.Glasses for the myopia have in order to ' seeing far away ', and ' seeing near ' is unreasonable.”
Putting in order in above-mentioned mechanism process, researcher of the present invention has very surprisingly found to comprise all inapparent basic reason of any method treatment true myopia curative effect such as the traditional Chinese medical science, doctor trained in Western medicine, apparatus at present.Have found the at all former act of violence that the latch true myopia state of an illness makes it can not turn round, can not retreat.Decode the unsolved riddle of domestic and international true myopia uncurable disease.That is exactly, existing glasses and using method thereof.
As everyone knows, any Therapeutic Method for true myopia visual rehabilitation, its object is all be to make the axial length of eyeball to return to emmetropic state, makes the regulatory function recovery elasticity in the past of eyeball.Wherein, in the process for the treatment of, return in the process of emmetropic state, due to the effect of glasses making the axial length of eyeball.Because glasses are to the restriction of nearly thing imaging focal plane and the negative effect maintaining former axiallength, the recovery of prevention eyeball, any Therapeutic Method is made all to become futile to the effort making the axial length of eyeball return to emmetropic state.This is because if the Therapeutic Method that people select is effective, axiallength will recover to normal eyes direction and shorten, and amphiblestroid seat will move forward and depart from transmitted through glasses and see nearly thing imaging focal plane, and forms a kind of fuzzy image.In order to see nearly thing clearly, brain will be adjusted eyeball, till seeing nearly thing clearly by the reflection chain of series of complex on psychology and physiology.Once eyeball has seen nearly thing clearly under the adjustment of brain, illustrate that axiallength has turned back to again the state before treating, then declared the failure for the treatment of.
Conclusion is: " near-sighted uncurable disease opinion " and eyeball have nothing to do, be completely due to above-mentioned theory shortcoming, carelessness, do not find, do not intervene or glasses to the restriction of axiallength, the uncurable disease of the myopia caused.
For solving an above-mentioned difficult problem, researcher of the present invention stands in bionical angle application 5 patent: CN101001588B< mono-kind and uses bionics method to treat the device > of eyes, CN101292928B< can adjust the myopia of right and left eyes relative luminous viewpoint brightness respectively, amblyopia therapeutic equipment >, CN101156814B< can be used for treatment, glasses of auxiliary treatment of eye diseases such as hypometropia and preparation method thereof >, CN101969895B< has the eye illness control device > of multiple visual marking points, CN102949262A< can look at straight by the device > of excited by visible light far-infrared therapy eye diseases such as hypometropia.
The embodiment of these patents, eye Yoga vision enhancer, by eight kinds of bionical training, increases visual system seven kinds of strength deposits, has recovered three essential conditions of eyes, opened hypermetropia, astigmatism, amblyopia, anisometropia, the door that stravismus can be controlled.Weak point is, in order to promote vision smoothly, need to put on the supplemental training facing (direction) out of focus (mist looks therapy) that low powered posterior chamber glasses coordinate instrument to do distance to walk about, the very difficult standardization one but distance is walked about, so that for different people, curative effect is non-constant.
The CN100469342C< of Xiang Chunbao application treats near vision adjusting device >, " the present invention relates to one and treat near vision adjusting device; comprise a picture frame body and be arranged on the band on picture frame body; described picture frame body comprises two, left and right picture frame and is connected two picture frame connectors; each picture frame comprises inside and outside two frameworks; be slidably connected between two frameworks; and each framework is all fixedly installed an eyeglass, one, two eyeglasses in described picture frame are concavees lens, and one is convex lens.Mist can be adjusted at any time by the present invention and look state, drive eyes ciliary muscle contraction, drive crystalline lens convexity to be that refractive power reaches normal, thus play the effect for the treatment of vision.And the present invention can also can regulate by binocular in monocular adjustment, user has higher degree of freedom.The present invention can carry out work or study when wearing completely normally in addition, treats, can not cause any impact while work and study ".
Treatment near vision adjusting device involved by this patent, solves a standardization difficult problem for positive apparent direction out of focus training accordingly.Meanwhile, can accomplish to see TV, with computer, reading and training are neglected neither.
The weak point of this patent is, 1. only has two eyeglasses to regulate, applicable surface narrow (0-400 degree), inapplicable high myopia, farsighted person, and amblyopia patient; 2. when high myopia (as 900 degree) sees that TV is treated and the distance of TV less than 30cm, although instrument itself has radiation proof function, so closely to the radiation of health, cannot ignore healthy impact; There is mistake in the adjusting device site of action that 3. this patent describes; Also there is mistake in the adjusting device mechanism of action that 4. this patent describes.The site of action of this patent is not the contraction state of ciliary muscle, and mastery reaction mechanism neither adjustment Theory." one, two eyeglasses in described picture frame are concavees lens, and one is convex lens.Mist can be adjusted at any time by the present invention and look state, drive eyes ciliary muscle contraction, drive crystalline lens convexity ", we all know the eyeglass number of degrees regulate change process in can occur two mist viewed area one be retina previous be retina after, if describe according to this section of this inventor and can judge that now (treatment myopia) image has fallen after retina (to only have image to drop on just meeting after retina and " drive eyes ciliary muscle contraction "), if be really like this, the enforcement of this patent only can increase myopia degree, do not have therapeutical effect.
The site of action of this patent should be ciliary muscle and retina, and the mechanism of action should be that adjustment Theory and out of focus are theoretical.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to merge bionical visual exercise and positive apparent direction out of focus trains two kinds of technology, provide a kind of to society and there is the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function.
The visual system provided by the patent of researcher earlier application of the present invention seven kinds of bionical training, increase visual system seven kinds of strength deposits, recover three essential conditions having maintained eyes, and then recover and promote the vision of user steadily; Simultaneously, add positive apparent direction out of focus glasses and be adjusted to slight emmetropization out-of-focus appearance when work, study, amusement, substitute the supplemental training of walking about in the past, more specification ground induction eyeball emmetropization, accelerates ametropia and progressively reverts to emmetropic process.
Described ametropia comprises: myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism, stravismus, anisometropia, amblyopia etc.
Described visual system seven kinds of bionical training: 1. comprehensive eye Yoga sports, 2. visual system 5-linked are moved eyes and closed picture, 3. peripheral visual field stimulating exercise, 4. visual acuity training, 5. super fineness eyesight training, 6. two training of glimmering respectively, 7. close one's eyes and look light and train;
Described visual system seven kinds of strength deposits: 1. eyeball circulation power deposit, 2. ophthalmic flesh adjustment force deposit, 3. sclera tensile tension deposit, 4. sclera grow vigor deposit, 5. extraocular muscles search capability collective ability stationkeeping ability power deposit, 6. visual cell vigor deposit, 7. eye brain communication capability deposit;
Described three essential conditions having maintained eyes: 1. refractive media is transparent, 2. axiallength conforms to refractive power, 3. pathways for vision is normal.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, comprise carrier, and two, the left and right lens barrel be arranged on carrier and the connector being connected two lens barrels, each lens barrel comprises inside and outside two cylindrical shells, between two cylindrical shells, screw-type is slidably connected, inner barrel is fixedly installed an eyeglass, outer cylinder body is fixedly installed two eyeglasses; Wherein, away from eyeball eyeglass (eyepiece 2) on inner barrel eyeglass and outer cylinder body, one is concavees lens, and another is convex lens, the distance scalable between two eyeglasses, for limiting the adjustable extent of the lens barrel number of degrees; On outer cylinder body, another eyeglass adjacent with eyes (eyepiece 1) is number of degrees changeable type eyeglass; Described eyepiece 1 periphery is provided with mirror holder; Described inner barrel arranges lens cap away from eyeball end, makes to have adjustable positive apparent direction out of focus glasses and forms the bionical instrument for training of visual system with darkroom.
The number of degrees of described outer cylinder body and eyes adjacent mirror (eyepiece 1), need to select according to the adjustable extent of the lens barrel number of degrees and the refractive diopter segmentation of user, as: the adjustable extent of the lens barrel number of degrees is: during+0.50D ~-2.50D, the number of degrees of (eyepiece 1) should be set to+15.00D respectively, + 12.00D, + 9.00D, + 6.00D, + 3.00D, 0.00D,-3.00D,-6.00D,-9.00D,-12.00D,-15.00D makes adjustable positive apparent direction out of focus glasses of the present invention not only be applicable to 0.00 to-4.00D myopia, and be applicable to high myopia, and hypermetropia.Wherein,
0.00D selected by myopia 0.00 ~-4.00D user eyepiece, myopia-4.00D ~-7.00D user eyepiece selection-3.00D, myopia-7.00D ~-10.00D user eyepiece selection-6.00D, myopia-10.00D ~-13.00D user eyepiece selection-9.00D, myopia-13.00D ~-16.00D user eyepiece selection-12.00D, myopia-16.00D ~-19.00D user eyepiece selection-15.00D
Hypermetropia 0.00 ~+3.00D user eyepiece selection+3.00D, hypermetropia+3.00D ~+6.00D user eyepiece selection+6.00D, hypermetropia+6.00D ~+9.00D user eyepiece selection+9.00D, hypermetropia+9.00D ~+12.00D user eyepiece selection+12.00D, hypermetropia+12.00D ~+15.00D user eyepiece selection+15.00D.
Described outer cylinder body and eyes adjacent mirror (eyepiece 1), or develop into user low powered posterior chamber glasses used in everyday, its number of degrees, the basis of the former refractive diopter of user reduces 0.50D ~ 3.50D degree.
Wherein,
Myopia-4.00D-19.00D user, substitute the low powered posterior chamber glasses of (eyepiece 1), the glasses of the low-0.50D of the former number of degrees of Selection radio ~-3.50D degree, as: select low 3.50D glasses during reading, low 2.50D glasses are selected when seeing computer, low 1.00D glasses are selected, for the lifting vision of stage leaves space when seeing far away.
Hypermetropia+3.00D ~+15.00D user, substitute the low powered posterior chamber glasses of (eyepiece 1), the glasses of the low+0.50D of the former number of degrees of Selection radio ~+3.50D degree, for the lifting vision of stage leaves space.
The mirror holder that described (eyepiece 1) periphery is arranged, when (eyepiece 1) selects low powered posterior chamber glasses, should leave the space that just can be held into selected low powered posterior chamber glasses, to increase comfort level when wearing inside mirror holder.
Described outer cylinder body closes on eyeball side away from eyeball eyeglass (eyepiece 2) outward flange eight luminous viewpoints are evenly set, 1. comprehensive eye Yoga sports is done for driving eyeball, 2. peripheral visual field stimulating exercise, 3. two training of glimmering respectively, 4. close one's eyes and look light training.A increases eyeball circulation power deposit, improves optical fundus peripheral visual field blood circulation, and b increases sclera tensile tension, and the fast search capabilities collective ability stationkeeping ability of c eyeball.
On described outer cylinder body, the nearly eyeball side of eight luminous viewpoints arranges a substructure process baffle plate, carries out microminiaturization process of refinement to luminous viewpoint, so that when seeing luminous viewpoint through lens edge, forms 5. visual acuity training, 6. super fineness eyesight training.D activates the meticulous visual cell e optic cell of retina, can exempt from grating, exempt from light brush, exempts from the fineness eyesight training of beading acupuncture treatment Kong Deng family for amblyopia patient.
Whether described lens cap center, leaves aperture, can substitute small luminous viewpoint at a distance, can observe child do conscientious inside instrument for the head of a family through aperture for trainer.
Described inner barrel is away from eyeball end horizontally set two luminous viewpoints, so that with lens cap central small hole or read that TV, book etc. cooperatively interact for positive apparent direction out of focus, lead eyeball to do 7. visual system 5-linked and move eyes conjunction picture, increase f ophthalmic flesh moderating force deposit, recover crystalline lens elasticity in the past and adjustment force, when avoiding seeing near, image drops on the pressure elongating axis oculi after retina and formed sclera.
The cam arranged in the middle of above described carrier, for the interpupillary distance according to user, the distance on adjustment carrier between two lens barrels.Or as telescope, adjust the distance on carrier between two lens barrels as Fig. 3, Fig. 4.
Both sides below described carrier, arrange two cams, and for the refractive diopter according to user, by the distance of two eyeglasses in each lens barrel, the comprehensive number of degrees of adjustment tunable eyeglasses, stop adjustment until reach after mist looks effect.Or as Fig. 3, Fig. 4 as telescope, adjust two lens barrel spacings on carrier time, two regulate the cam of the number of degrees to develop into one, are arranged on centre position above carrier.
The described distance by two eyeglasses in each lens barrel, the adjustment tunable eyeglasses number of degrees, comprise two kinds of modes: 1. manually carry out adjustment eyeglass lens power, but the shortcoming of manual adjustments is, the bad location of the number of degrees, bad refinement, once adjusts span 50 degree, number of degrees difference easily causes mist not follow emmetropization depending on overweight retina too greatly, and the phenomenon of failing to respond to any medical treatment is occurred; 2. carry out by motor the serialization adjustment eyeglass lens power that becomes more meticulous, advantage is, regulate refinement, can accomplish once only to regulate many accurately grades of 1 degree automatically to regulate continuously, can enter when user is known nothing 3 move back 2 gradual have a reduction eyeglass lens power having relaxation, and then greatly improve the effective percentage for the treatment of.This mist is depending on the application point of therapy: 1. loosen ciliary muscle, and crystalline lens is fully flattened, and reduces eyeball leading portion refractive power, makes " axiallength conforms to refractive power "; 2. image drop on amphiblestroid emmetropia side produce mist look, induced retinal drive sclera progressively emmetropization (for myopia for, progressively shorten axis oculi; For hypermetropia, progressively extend axis oculi), make " axiallength conforms to refractive power ".
On described carrier, be also provided with sound prompt device, the prompting that prompting and training for the different training stage terminate.
On described carrier, can also be provided with recording apparatus device, are seen splendid moments for recording lower training eyes, or the excellent course that the lower teacher of record says, so that review in the future, reduce private tutoring burden.
Beneficial effect of the present invention, is to merge bionical visual exercise and positive apparent direction out of focus trains two kinds of technology, provides a kind of have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function to society.Wherein, 1. by replacing and the selection of (eyepiece 1) eyeglass number of degrees, this adjustable glasses can be made to be applicable to all ametropia crowds; 2. by the adjustment that becomes more meticulous of two eyeglass distances of adjustable positive apparent direction out of focus glasses, can make in user work, study, amusement eye process at any time, be in the slight out-of-focus appearance in emmetropization direction, progressively guide crystalline lens recover elasticity in the past and guide axiallength to recover to emmetropization direction, and promote vision; 3. visual system seven kinds of bionical training of leading of luminous viewpoint, stage construction increases visual system seven kinds of strength deposits, recover three essential conditions having maintained eyes, coordinating the emmetropization out of focus training of tunable eyeglasses, substitute the supplemental training that daily distance is walked about, under the prerequisite promoting vision, the health index of General Promotion visual system, promotes omni-directional visual function.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the specific embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the lens barrel internal anatomy of the specific embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3, Fig. 4 telescope-type interpupillary distance point of adjustment and number of degrees point of adjustment schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the micro-step motor schematic diagram regulated for the number of degrees.
Detailed description of the invention
Specific embodiments of the invention as shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5, a kind of have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, comprise carrier 1, and two, the left and right lens barrel be arranged on carrier and the connector being connected two lens barrels, in each lens barrel comprises, outer two cylindrical shells, between two cylindrical shells, screw-type is slidably connected 4, inner barrel 3 is fixedly installed an eyeglass 10, outer cylinder body 2 is fixedly installed two eyeglasses, wherein, away from eyeball eyeglass (eyepiece 2) 11 on inner barrel eyeglass 10 and outer cylinder body, one is concavees lens, another is convex lens, distance scalable between two eyeglasses, on outer cylinder body, another eyeglass 12 adjacent with eyes is replaceable power lens.Described inner barrel arranges lens cap 13 away from eyeball end.Outer cylinder body closes on eyeball side away from eyeball eyeglass (eyepiece 2) outward flange eight luminous viewpoint 6-1 are evenly set, on outer cylinder body, the nearly eyeball side of eight luminous viewpoints arranges a substructure process baffle plate 5, carries out microminiaturization process of refinement to luminous viewpoint.Lens cap 13, allow in mirror and form darkroom effect, lens cap center, leaves aperture, substitutes small luminous viewpoint at a distance, inner barrel arranges two luminous viewpoint 6-2 away from eyeball end, to coordinate 14 with lens cap central small hole, lead eyeball to do visual system 5-linked and move eyes conjunction picture, the cam 8 that carrier 1 is arranged above, for the interpupillary distance according to user, the distance on adjustment carrier between two lens barrels.Both sides below carrier 1, arrange two cams 7, for the refractive diopter according to user, by the distance of two eyeglasses in each lens barrel, and the comprehensive number of degrees of adjustment tunable eyeglasses.
During use, first according to the interpupillary distance of user, regulate glasses two to look the spacing of cylinder by cam 8, then adjustable glasses is worn in eye, and based on the former number of degrees, reduce eyeglass lens power, until reach mist depending on stopping after effect according to the demand rotating cam 7 of user, cover lens cap 13, start, do the seven kinds of bionical training of 5 minutes visual systemes, take off according to prompt tone after visual exercise and cover lens cap 13, carry out 20 minutes mists of TV of reading a book or see and look out of focus training, wherein, the mist of 10 minutes is depending on seeing that TV training increases sclera tensile tension with the peripheral visual field stimulating exercise of luminous viewpoint 6-1 and (can increase in vision lifting process, the accounting that axiallength changes), within latter 10 minutes, carry out simple mist depending on seeing TV training, after finishing visual system seven kinds of bionical training during this, need to readjust a mist viewpoint, the mist finishing 10 minutes is depending on after seeing TV training, need to regulate a mist viewpoint again, until all training complete after hearing prompt tone.Wherein, mist viewpoint, can be adjusted greatly by cam 7, also can by the far and near distance fine setting between TV or book.After all training have been carried out, lens cap can also be covered, light training is looked in the eye closing done two minutes, improves optical fundus blood circulation, fully loosens eyeball.

Claims (10)

1. one kind has the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, comprise carrier, and two, the left and right lens barrel be arranged on carrier and the connector being connected two lens barrels, each lens barrel comprises inside and outside two cylindrical shells, between two cylindrical shells, screw-type is slidably connected, inner barrel is fixedly installed an eyeglass, outer cylinder body is fixedly installed two eyeglasses; Wherein, away from eyeball eyeglass (eyepiece 2) on inner barrel eyeglass and outer cylinder body, one is concavees lens, and another is convex lens, the distance scalable between two eyeglasses, for limiting the adjustable extent of the lens barrel number of degrees; On outer cylinder body, another eyeglass adjacent with eyes (eyepiece 1) is number of degrees changeable type eyeglass; Described eyepiece 1 periphery is provided with mirror holder; Described inner barrel arranges lens cap away from eyeball end, makes to have adjustable positive apparent direction out of focus glasses and forms the bionical instrument for training of visual system with darkroom.
2. a kind of as claimed in claim 1 have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, it is characterized in that, the number of degrees of described outer cylinder body and eyes adjacent mirror (eyepiece 1), need to select according to the adjustable extent of the lens barrel number of degrees and the refractive diopter segmentation of user, as: the adjustable extent of the lens barrel number of degrees is: during+0.50D ~-2.50D, the number of degrees of (eyepiece 1) should be set to+15.00D respectively, + 12.00D, + 9.00D, + 6.00D, + 3.00D, 0.00D,-3.00D,-6.00D,-9.00D,-12.00D,-15.00D makes adjustable positive apparent direction out of focus glasses of the present invention not only be applicable to 0.00 to-4.00D myopia, and be applicable to high myopia, and hypermetropia.
3. a kind of as claimed in claim 1 have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, it is characterized in that, described outer cylinder body and eyes adjacent mirror (eyepiece 1), or develop into user low powered posterior chamber glasses used in everyday, its number of degrees, the basis of the former refractive diopter of user reduces 0.50D ~ 3.50D degree.
4. a kind of as claimed in claim 1 have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, it is characterized in that, the mirror holder that described (eyepiece 1) periphery is arranged, when (eyepiece 1) selects low powered posterior chamber glasses, the space that just can be held into selected low powered posterior chamber glasses should be left, to increase comfort level when wearing inside mirror holder.
5. a kind of as claimed in claim 1 have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, it is characterized in that, described outer cylinder body closes on eyeball side away from eyeball eyeglass (eyepiece 2) outward flange and evenly arranges eight luminous viewpoints.
6. a kind of as claimed in claim 1 have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, it is characterized in that, on described outer cylinder body, the nearly eyeball side of eight luminous viewpoints arranges a substructure process baffle plate, carries out microminiaturization process of refinement to luminous viewpoint.
7. a kind of as claimed in claim 1 have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, and it is characterized in that, described lens cap center, leaves aperture.
8. a kind of as claimed in claim 1 have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, it is characterized in that, the cam arranged in the middle of above described carrier, for the interpupillary distance according to user, and the distance on adjustment carrier between two lens barrels; Or the distance adjusted as telescope on carrier between two lens barrels.
9. a kind of as claimed in claim 1 have the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, it is characterized in that, both sides below described carrier, two cams are set, for the refractive diopter according to user, by the distance of two eyeglasses in each lens barrel, the comprehensive number of degrees of adjustment tunable eyeglasses, stop adjustment until reach after mist looks effect.Or when adjusting two lens barrel spacings on carrier as telescope, two regulate the cam of the number of degrees to develop into one, are arranged on centre position above carrier.
10. a kind of as described in claim 1,9 has the adjustable bionical instrument for training of visual system facing out of focus glasses function, it is characterized in that, the described distance by two eyeglasses in each lens barrel, the adjustment tunable eyeglasses number of degrees, comprise two kinds of modes: 1. manually carry out adjustment eyeglass lens power, 2. carry out by motor the serialization adjustment eyeglass lens power that becomes more meticulous.
CN201510513875.6A 2015-08-14 2015-08-14 Visual system bionic training instrument having function of adjustable emmetropia out-of-focus glasses Pending CN105030496A (en)

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CN201510513875.6A CN105030496A (en) 2015-08-14 2015-08-14 Visual system bionic training instrument having function of adjustable emmetropia out-of-focus glasses
CN201610669687.7A CN106054403B (en) 2015-08-14 2016-08-15 Glasses with dynamic slight defocusing and zooming functions in emmetropic direction

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105559969A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-05-11 戴进贵 Glasses treating strabismus
CN105974591A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-09-28 郑森 Eyesight adjustment apparatus
CN106054403A (en) * 2015-08-14 2016-10-26 丛繁滋 Glasses having dynamic slight defocusing and zooming functions in emmetropia direction
CN106344261A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 戴明华 Myopia prevention and treatment eye mask, glasses and reading and writing instrument for avoiding peripheral defocus

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106054403A (en) * 2015-08-14 2016-10-26 丛繁滋 Glasses having dynamic slight defocusing and zooming functions in emmetropia direction
CN106054403B (en) * 2015-08-14 2020-01-07 丛繁滋 Glasses with dynamic slight defocusing and zooming functions in emmetropic direction
CN105559969A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-05-11 戴进贵 Glasses treating strabismus
CN105974591A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-09-28 郑森 Eyesight adjustment apparatus
CN106344261A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 戴明华 Myopia prevention and treatment eye mask, glasses and reading and writing instrument for avoiding peripheral defocus

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Application publication date: 20151111