CN105028292B - A kind of suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse - Google Patents

A kind of suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105028292B
CN105028292B CN201510509130.2A CN201510509130A CN105028292B CN 105028292 B CN105028292 B CN 105028292B CN 201510509130 A CN201510509130 A CN 201510509130A CN 105028292 B CN105028292 B CN 105028292B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
fish
center pillar
foundation pile
breed
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CN201510509130.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105028292A (en
Inventor
雷锦桂
陈敏
郑回勇
陈永快
蔡淑芳
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Scientific Technical Personnel Training Center Fujian Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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Scientific Technical Personnel Training Center Fujian Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201510509130.2A priority Critical patent/CN105028292B/en
Publication of CN105028292A publication Critical patent/CN105028292A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse, the greenhouse to breed fish is an even arched film greenhouse, hothouse framework including being coated with film, the hothouse framework bottom is fixed on above cultivation fish pond by greenhouse foundation pile, the bay wall bottom of the cultivation fish pond is provided with reinforced concrete circle beam, and sunshading and thermal insulating system, ventilating system, pad and fan cooling system, circulation fan system and intelligence control system are provided with the greenhouse to breed fish.The present invention fixes the greenhouse to breed fish with the function such as automatic heat preserving cooling, illumination humidity regulation, insect prevention typhoon protection, cyclic culture Water-quality control using greenhouse foundation pile, fish seedling breeding environment is set to be in the closed state of human controllable, the utilization rate of solar energy is improved, reducing greenhouse energy consumption and enhancing cool winter in greenhouse summer warm performance realizes and breed considerable economic benefit better than tradition.

Description

A kind of suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse.
Background technology
China is fish production, a big trading nation, and aquaculture production accounts for Gross World Product more than 70%.Cultivate species Increase, the implementation of intensive management, cultural technique raising turn into China's culture fishery development trend.In order to meet The Strategic Demand of China's energy-saving and emission-reduction, change traditional aquaculture pattern, make full use of solar energy and power-saving technology to be supported Grow be its sustainable development inevitable choice.Aquaculture is carried out using greenhouse, reduces greenhouse energy resource consumption, this is not only for carrying High economic benefit plays an important role, and is also of great significance for global resources protection.Solar energy is that extremely have The energy of development potentiality, the utilization rate of solar energy how is improved, reduce greenhouse energy consumption and the enhancing cool winter in greenhouse summer has warmed up performance As important topic in recent years.In water body environments such as rivers, lake and shallow seas by increasingly severe pollution, people are to agricultural production Quality security level requirement more and more higher, and country emphasize the strategy of sustainable development, support modern installations agricultural development Under overall framework, can not only reduce environmental pollution but also can saving water resource and soil industrialized aquiculture pattern have it is extensive Market application foreground.
The content of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective, possesses automatic heat preserving cooling, illumination humidity is adjusted The function such as section, insect prevention typhoon protection, cyclic culture Water-quality control, and suitable the coastal south on the ground can be fixedly secured Industrial fish farming greenhouse.
Specific embodiments of the present invention are:A kind of suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse, the temperature of breeding fish Room is an even arched film greenhouse, including be coated with the hothouse framework of film, and the hothouse framework bottom passes through greenhouse foundation pile It is fixed on above cultivation fish pond, the bay wall bottom of the cultivation fish pond is provided with reinforced concrete circle beam, in the greenhouse to breed fish It is provided with sunshading and thermal insulating system, ventilating system, pad and fan cooling system, circulation fan system and intelligence control system.
Further, the hothouse framework includes greenhouse ridge and the support post being connected with greenhouse ridge, the greenhouse Ridge is the steel member of south-north direction, and the support post includes being arranged at the head tree of hothouse framework outer circumferential side and is arranged at temperature The secondary column of room lower portion, the earth construction below the hothouse framework are provided with reinforced concrete circle beam.
Further, the greenhouse foundation pile includes the type of foundation pile I and the type of foundation pile II, and the type of foundation pile I is arranged at The bottom of head tree, the type of foundation pile I include the center pillar poured by armored concrete, set in the center pillar in top There is collar tie beam, the center pillar interior edge central axis is evenly equipped with several and is used to strengthen the rigid stirrup of center pillar, and the center pillar is interior in steel Some crab-bolts are provided with muscle, the upside of the center pillar is fixed with the pre-buried steel for connecting support post by crab-bolt and angle steel Plate, the intrastelar collar tie beam together pours with the reinforced concrete circle beam on earth construction to be formed.
Further, the type of foundation pile II is arranged at the bottom of secondary column, and the type of foundation pile II includes being mixed by reinforcing bar The center pillar that solidifying soil pours, the center pillar is interior to be provided with collar tie beam in bottom, and the center pillar interior edge central axis is evenly equipped with some Individual to be used to strengthen the rigid stirrup of center pillar, the center pillar is interior in being provided with some crab-bolts on reinforcing bar, passes through on the upside of the center pillar Crab-bolt and angle steel are fixed with the pre-embedded steel slab for connecting support post, and the reinforcing bar of the intrastelar collar tie beam and cultivation fish pond mixes Solidifying pedosphere beam, which together pours, to be formed, and the height and width of the center pillar are equal with the height and width of cultivation fish pond.
Further, the sunshading and thermal insulating system includes the warm indoor shade thermal screen being covered in hothouse framework, institute State the indoor shade thermal screen of temperature and be provided with rack pinion structure for deploying and shrinking thermal screen.
Further, the ventilating system includes the electric window-opening machine being arranged on the upside of greenhouse to breed fish and is arranged at temperature of breeding fish The wound membrane ventilation blower of room the week side of boss, the electric window-opening machine are connected with the unilateral or bilateral semi-arched for being arranged at hothouse framework most high side Windowpane, fly net is provided with the windowpane.
Further, the pad and fan cooling system include be made up of several wet curtains wet curtain case, water system and Axial flow blower, the water system include extracting the circulating pump that water is wet curtain case water distribution from cultivation fish pond, and the axial flow blower is set Put and be connected with motor in wet curtain case side, axial flow blower.
Further, the circulation fan system include be arranged in greenhouse to breed fish several be used for accelerate warm Indoor Air The circulation fan of body circulation.
Further, the intelligence control system include be arranged at outside greenhouse to breed fish be used for collect outdoor temperature, humidity Etc. the weather station of information, the intelligence control system respectively with sunshading and thermal insulating system, ventilating system, pad and fan cooling system and Circulation fan system is electrically connected with.
Further, be provided with plant hydroponic system in the greenhouse to breed fish, plant hydroponic system include be erected at The cultivation that pvc pipe formula cultivator without soil is set up for the pvc pipe formula cultivator without soil of serike, for supporting on cultivation fish pond Train device support and the cultivator shifter for moving pvc pipe formula cultivator without soil.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:For coastal areas of southern China area apart from coastline Closely, easily by typhoon influence, the features such as mud thickness, utilize that modular isolated footing structure design optimized integration is stable, wind resistance Property it is strong the features such as, while be directed to the coastal south, the characteristics of time in summer is long, temperature is high, afternoon more monsoon, opened by multidirectional Window ventilating system, internal circulation fan is configured, make full use of the temperature adjustment function of the fish culture water surface, reduce Wet-curtain temperature reducing system as far as possible The run time of system, energy consumption is saved, realize that intelligent cooling, safety cross summer, whole year production;The aquaculture side coupled by fish dish Formula, closed aquaculture is realized, recycling aquaculture wastewater, reduces the pollution to periphery water environment.
For the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention are more clearly understood, specific embodiment and phase will be passed through below Accompanying drawing is closed, the present invention is described in further detail.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the type structure sectional view of foundation pile I in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the type of foundation pile I in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the type structure sectional view of foundation pile II in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the top view of the type of foundation pile II in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic top plan view of the present invention;
Label declaration in figure:1- collar tie beams, 2- crab-bolts, 3- stirrups, 4- center pillars, 5- pre-embedded steel slabs, 6- breed fish fishpond bay wall, 7- Breed fish fishpond, 9- balancing tanks, 10- aquacultures oxygen making unit, 11- plant nutrition liquids reservoir, 12- of fry hatching pond, 8- is dirty Mud sump, 13- collecting-tanks.
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 5, a kind of suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse, the greenhouse to breed fish is an even arch Plastic greenhouse, including the hothouse framework of film is coated with, the hothouse framework bottom is fixed on cultivation fish by greenhouse foundation pile Above pond, the bay wall bottom of the cultivation fish pond is provided with reinforced concrete circle beam, and sunshade guarantor is provided with the greenhouse to breed fish Warm system, ventilating system, pad and fan cooling system, circulation fan system and intelligence control system.
In the present embodiment, the hothouse framework includes greenhouse ridge and the support post being connected with greenhouse ridge, described Greenhouse ridge is the steel member of south-north direction, and the support post includes being arranged at head tree and the setting of hothouse framework outer circumferential side Secondary column inside hothouse framework, the earth construction below the hothouse framework are provided with reinforced concrete circle beam.
In the present embodiment, the greenhouse foundation pile includes the type of foundation pile I and the type of foundation pile II, and the type of foundation pile I is set The bottom of head tree is placed in, the type of foundation pile I includes the center pillar 4 poured by armored concrete, and the center pillar 4 is interior in upper Portion is provided with collar tie beam 1, and the interior edge central axis of center pillar 4 is evenly equipped with several and is used to strengthen the rigid stirrup 3 of center pillar 4, described In being provided with some crab-bolts 2 on reinforcing bar in center pillar 4, the upside of the center pillar 4 is fixed with for connecting branch by crab-bolt 2 and angle steel The pre-embedded steel slab 5 of column is supportted, the collar tie beam 1 in the center pillar 4 together pours with the reinforced concrete circle beam on earth construction to be formed.
In the present embodiment, the type of foundation pile II is arranged at the bottom of secondary column, and the type of foundation pile II is included by steel The center pillar 4 that reinforced concrete pours, the center pillar 4 is interior to be provided with collar tie beam 1 in bottom, and the interior edge central axis of center pillar 4 is equal It is furnished with several to be used to strengthen the rigid stirrup 3 of center pillar 4, in being provided with some crab-bolts 2 on reinforcing bar in the center pillar 4, in described The upside of post 4 is fixed with the pre-embedded steel slab 5 for connecting support post by crab-bolt 2 and angle steel, the collar tie beam 1 in the center pillar 4 Together pour and form with the reinforced concrete circle beam of cultivation fish pond, the height and width of the center pillar 4 and the height of cultivation fish pond 8 It is equal with width.
In the present embodiment, the sunshading and thermal insulating system includes being covered in the warm indoor shade insulation in hothouse framework Curtain, the indoor shade thermal screen of temperature are provided with the rack pinion structure for deploying and shrinking thermal screen.
In the present embodiment, the ventilating system includes the electric window-opening machine being arranged on the upside of greenhouse to breed fish and is arranged at foster The wound membrane ventilation blower of fish greenhouse the week side of boss, the electric window-opening machine are connected with the unilateral or bilateral half for being arranged at hothouse framework most high side The windowpane of arch, fly net is provided with the windowpane.
In the present embodiment, the pad and fan cooling system includes wet curtain case, the water supply system being made up of several wet curtains System and axial flow blower, the water system include extracting the circulating pump that water is wet curtain case water distribution, the axle stream wind from cultivation fish pond Machine is arranged on wet curtain case side, and axial flow blower is connected with motor.
In the present embodiment, the circulation fan system include be arranged in greenhouse to breed fish several be used for accelerate greenhouse The circulation fan of interior gas circulation.
In the present embodiment, the intelligence control system include be arranged at outside greenhouse to breed fish be used for collect outdoor temperature, The weather station of the information such as humidity, the intelligence control system are respectively with sunshading and thermal insulating system, ventilating system, wet curtain fan cooling System and circulation fan system are electrically connected with.
In the present embodiment, be provided with plant hydroponic system in the greenhouse to breed fish, plant hydroponic system include frame It is located on cultivation fish pond and sets up pvc pipe formula cultivator without soil for the pvc pipe formula cultivator without soil of serike, for supporting Cultivator support and cultivator shifter for moving pvc pipe formula cultivator without soil.
In the present embodiment, the greenhouse to breed fish is an even arch form plastic greenhouse, and the trend of greenhouse ridge is north-south, with Just natural light and monsoon are made full use of, described cultivation fish pond uses square fishpond, sets the operation between adjacent two culturing pool Walkway clearance 2m, a width of Am, the long 4-6m in greenhouse, then square fishpond width specifications have A m and(A-2)Two kinds of m, makes culturing pool Pond it is wide with greenhouse is every wide is consistent;It so may insure that all secondary columns are all stood on cultivation fish pond bay wall in greenhouse Side.
In the present embodiment, the sunshading and thermal insulating system is using the indoor shade thermal screen of temperature(Sunshade rate 60%-85%), it is System driving uses gear-rack drive system, and greenhouse sunshade heat-insulation system opens and closes can be by automatic/hand control model, along greenhouse Standard width of a room in an old-style house direction opens and closes, and is connected with intelligence control system.Can realize it is a variety of automatically control, such as:Winter and the daytime in spring Period, in greenhouse atmospheric temperature >=15 DEG C, intensity of illumination < 15000Lx, can automatically open up shade thermal screen and partial ventilation system System, strengthen photosynthesis of plant efficiency, reduce relative humidity of atomsphere in greenhouse;Night-time hours can close in time shade thermal screen and Whole ventilating systems, promote greenhouse heat-insulating.
In the present embodiment, the weather station of intelligence control system coordinates PC main frames, hub, printer and display Device, complete to equipping the function such as regular job and management, data processing, network communication scheduling in greenhouse.Such as:Summer 10: 00- 13: 00 periods, in greenhouse atmospheric temperature >=33 DEG C, warm indoor relative humidity >=70%, and outside greenhouse in atmospheric temperature >=greenhouse Atmospheric temperature, warm outside atmosphere wind speed < 3m/s, pad and fan cooling system will be used as to open condition of work.At other times Section, ventilating system and circulation fan system are opened, makes full use of the coastal south more monsoon features, and fish culture in the afternoon The temperature adjustment function of the water surface, the run time of pad and fan cooling system is reduced as far as possible, save energy consumption, realize intelligent cooling, safety Cross summer, whole year production.
In the present embodiment, plant hydroponic system is set above cultivation fish pond, it is possible to reduce fish and its water body are by too The direct radiation of sun, high-quality water environment is provided to breed fish, reduces energy consumption needed for greenhouse cooling.The especially summer high temperature period, when Vegetables enter the nutrient growth middle and later periods, and energy-saving effect is fairly obvious, and described industrial fish farming inside greenhouse, which can be distinguished, runs after fame Special excellent fish seedling breeding area, high density adult fish culture area and cultivation circulating water treatment area, relative set aquaculture system, vegetable The facilities and equipment such as dish cultivation system and water circulation processing system, it can specifically be correspondingly arranged parent fish pond, fry hatching pond 7, adult fish It is culturing pool, balancing tank 9 and film purification air handlers, aquaculture oxygen making unit 10, full-automatic shallow-layer sand filter bank, folded Between spiral shell formula sludge dewatering equipment, plant culture liquid reservoir 11, collecting-tank 13 and equipment control etc..
The object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention are further described by above-listed preferred embodiment, are answered Understand, the foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention God any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., should be included in the scope of the protection with principle.

Claims (4)

  1. A kind of 1. suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse, it is characterised in that:The greenhouse to breed fish is thin for an even arch Film greenhouse, including the hothouse framework of film is coated with, the hothouse framework bottom is fixed on cultivation fish pond by greenhouse foundation pile Top, the bay wall bottom of the cultivation fish pond are provided with reinforced concrete circle beam, sunshading and thermal insulating are provided with the greenhouse to breed fish System, ventilating system, pad and fan cooling system, circulation fan system and intelligence control system, the sunshading and thermal insulating system bag Include the warm indoor shade thermal screen being covered in hothouse framework, the indoor shade thermal screen of temperature be provided with for deploying and Shrink the rack pinion structure of thermal screen, the ventilating system include being arranged at electric window-opening machine on the upside of greenhouse to breed fish and The wound membrane ventilation blower of greenhouse to breed fish the week side of boss is arranged at, the electric window-opening machine is connected with the one side for being arranged at hothouse framework most high side Or bilateral semi-arched windowpane, fly net is provided with the windowpane, the pad and fan cooling system is included by several Wet curtain case, water system and the axial flow blower of wet curtain composition, it is wet curtain case that the water system, which includes extracting water from cultivation fish pond, The circulating pump of water distribution, the axial flow blower are arranged on wet curtain case side, and axial flow blower is connected with motor, the circulation fan System include being arranged in greenhouse to breed fish several be used for the circulation fan for accelerating gas in greenhouse to circulate, the intelligent control System includes being arranged at the weather station for being used to collect outdoor temperature, humidity information outside greenhouse to breed fish, the intelligence control system It is electrically connected with respectively with sunshading and thermal insulating system, ventilating system, pad and fan cooling system and circulation fan system, the temperature of breeding fish Interior is provided with plant hydroponic system, and the plant hydroponic system includes being erected at the serike that is used on cultivation fish pond Pvc pipe formula cultivator without soil, for support set up pvc pipe formula cultivator without soil cultivator support and for moving pvc pipe formula The cultivator shifter of cultivator without soil.
  2. 2. suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The greenhouse frame Frame includes greenhouse ridge and the support post being connected with greenhouse ridge, and the greenhouse ridge is the steel member of south-north direction, described Support post includes being arranged at the head tree of hothouse framework outer circumferential side and the secondary column being arranged inside hothouse framework, the greenhouse Earth construction below framework is provided with reinforced concrete circle beam.
  3. 3. suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The greenhouse base Plinth stake includes the type of foundation pile I and the type of foundation pile II, and the type of foundation pile I is arranged at the bottom of head tree, the type bag of foundation pile I The center pillar poured by armored concrete is included, the center pillar is interior to be provided with collar tie beam, the center pillar interior edge central axis in top It is evenly equipped with several to be used to strengthen the rigid stirrup of center pillar, in being provided with some crab-bolts, the center pillar on reinforcing bar in the center pillar Upside pre-embedded steel slab for connecting support post is fixed with by crab-bolt and angle steel, the intrastelar collar tie beam is tied with ground Reinforced concrete circle beam on structure, which together pours, to be formed.
  4. 4. suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The foundation pile II type is arranged at the bottom of secondary column, and the type of foundation pile II includes the center pillar poured by armored concrete, the center pillar Interior that bottom is provided with collar tie beam, the center pillar interior edge central axis is evenly equipped with several and is used to strengthen the rigid stirrup of center pillar, institute State in being provided with some crab-bolts on reinforcing bar in center pillar, the upside of the center pillar is fixed with for connecting support by crab-bolt and angle steel The pre-embedded steel slab of column, the reinforced concrete circle beam of the intrastelar collar tie beam and cultivation fish pond, which together pours, to be formed, in described The height and width of post are equal with the height and width of cultivation fish pond.
CN201510509130.2A 2015-08-19 2015-08-19 A kind of suitable the coastal south industrial fish farming greenhouse Active CN105028292B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN107006279A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-08-04 合肥市禾兴生态养殖科技有限公司 A kind of solar protection devices cultivated for aquatic products

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