CN105027923A - Energy-saving and consumption-reducing cultivation method for spring wheat capable of effectively utilizing wheat stubble straws - Google Patents

Energy-saving and consumption-reducing cultivation method for spring wheat capable of effectively utilizing wheat stubble straws Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105027923A
CN105027923A CN201510448662.XA CN201510448662A CN105027923A CN 105027923 A CN105027923 A CN 105027923A CN 201510448662 A CN201510448662 A CN 201510448662A CN 105027923 A CN105027923 A CN 105027923A
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China
Prior art keywords
wheat
spring
energy
consumption
cultivation
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CN201510448662.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈永明
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太仓市天开林果专业合作社
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Priority to CN201510448662.XA priority Critical patent/CN105027923A/en
Publication of CN105027923A publication Critical patent/CN105027923A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/06Coating or dressing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses an energy-saving and consumption-reducing cultivation method for spring wheat capable of effectively utilizing wheat stubble straws. The energy-saving and consumption-reducing cultivation method comprises following steps of: (1) processing autumn wheat stubbles, (2) preparing soil prior to cultivation, (3) processing wheat seeds, (4) sowing, and (5) performing field management. The energy-saving and consumption-reducing cultivation method for spring wheat capable of effectively utilizing wheat stubble straws has following beneficial effects: the energy-saving and consumption-reducing cultivation method has reasonable arrangement of steps and is applied easily and conveniently; effective utilization rate of wheat stubble straws on the spot is increased; usage amount of water and fertilizers is decreased; advantages of reduction in resource consumption and cost, increase in yield and improvement on soil quality are obtained; and the energy-saving and consumption-reducing cultivation method is a plantation method for spring wheat with characteristics of high yield, high efficiency, low energy consumption and environmental protection.

Description

A kind of spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk that effectively utilizes is saved energy and reduce the cost cultivation method

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of crop cultivation, particularly relate to a kind of spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk that effectively utilizes and to save energy and reduce the cost cultivation method.

Background technology

Agricultural crop straw output is large, is one of the abundantest reproducible utilization resource of agricultural production.And it rots not only can increase soil fertility in soil, has the effect of retaining and conserveing soil moisture simultaneously.In recent years, along with coal, liquefied gas and electricity etc. are generally used as the source of heating and homenergic of cooking, people decline to the ndemandseds and utilizations rate of agricultural crop straw, again because combine harvested wheat stubble bar is higher, recycle inconvenient, therefore, people mostly adopt and directly burn in the fields or Stubble zero tillage, crops straw is processed to Second Year spring direct breaking plant spring wheat, the former burning disposal stalk not only causes the waste of resource, and contaminated environment, easily cause soil compaction etc., reduce crop yield; The latter effectively prevent the harm that on-site incineration brings, but low to the availability of stalk, and it can not be made effectively to rot in soil.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk that effectively utilizes and saves energy and reduce the cost cultivation method, can utilize autumn wheat stalk simply efficiently.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: provide a kind of spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk that effectively utilizes to save energy and reduce the cost cultivation method, comprise the following steps:

(1) autumn wheat stubble process: turned over by the field from which wheat has been reaped gathering in the crops autumn wheat, ploughing depth is 28 ~ 30cm, during straw is placed into the soil, then with farm land roller suppression 1 ~ 2 time, finally, carry out winter irrigation in mid or late October, irrigation quantity is 130 ~ 150mm;

(2) before planting wholely: after spring, ground thawed, base manure 4000 ~ 5000kg is used in every mu of field, ploughs subsequently, makes grading and abolish to harden, and to output 2 ~ 3 road width in the middle of the field be 15 ~ 20cm, the degree of depth is the draining/retaining ditch of 10 ~ 12cm;

(3) wheat seeds process: select cold-resistant, disease-resistant, resistant to lodging wheat seeds, Exposure to Sunlight 1 day, then with agricultural chemicals seed dressing, described seed dressing agricultural chemicals and dosage thereof are: every 1kg seed 50mL30% deltamethrin milk oil 500 times of liquid, the triazolone of 15% and the mixed liquor of 20% Tilt EC, 1000 times of liquid;

(4) sow: sowed by row in the field renovated in step (2) by the Spring Wheat Seed sower after seed dressing in step (3), sowing line space is 15 ~ 18cm, and sowing depth is 2 ~ 3cm; After planting, one deck is sprinkled on earth's surface steel gray;

(5) field management: after going out full stand, waters and fills with ground; Bloom and carry out root and topdress early stage, pour water immediately after topdressing; Foliage fertilizer is sprayed early stage in heading; After all earing, pour water for the last time, ripe to wheat; During this period, suitably can water and the extermination of disease and insect pest according to actual conditions.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the tilling depth in described step (2) is 8 ~ 10cm.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (2), retting farmyard manure and nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer, the K composite fertilizer of described base manure to be usage ratio be 10:1.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (5), described dressing fertilizer is quick-acting composite fertilizer, and amount of application is every mu of 100 ~ 300kg.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (5), described foliage fertilizer to be concentration be 1.5 ~ 2.5% the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer aqueous solution, fountain height is every mu of 500 ~ 800L.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention is a kind of effectively utilizes the spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk to save energy and reduce the cost cultivation method, procedure is reasonable, operation is implemented simple and convenient, improve the effective rate of utilization on the spot of wheat stubble stalk, decrease water, fertile consumption, have reduce resource consumption, cost-saving, improve output and improve the advantages such as soil soil property, be the spring wheat planting method by trickle of a kind of highly efficient and productive, low energy consumption, environmental protection.

Embodiment

Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.

The embodiment of the present invention comprises:

Embodiment 1

(1) autumn wheat stubble process: the field from which wheat has been reaped gathering in the crops autumn wheat is turned over, ploughing depth is 28 ~ 30cm, during straw is all placed into the soil, to promote that it rots, then suppress 1 time with farm land roller, make soil closely knit, finally, carry out winter irrigation in mid or late October (October about 25), irrigation quantity is 130mm;

(2) before planting wholely: treat that spring, temperature rose to more than 0 DEG C, after ground thaws, retting farmyard manure that 4000kg mass ratio is 10:1 and nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer, K composite fertilizer is used as base manure in every mu of field after winter irrigation, carry out thin farming subsequently, tilling depth is 8cm, makes grading and abolish to harden, and to output 2 ~ 3 road width in the middle of the field be 15cm, the degree of depth is the draining/retaining ditch of 10cm, fertilising farming to increase soil fertility, for the growth of seedling is prepared;

(3) wheat seeds process: select cold-resistant, disease-resistant, resistant to lodging wheat seeds, Exposure to Sunlight 1 day, then every 1kg seed 50mL volume ratio is 30% deltamethrin milk oil, 500 times of liquid of 2:1:2, the mixed liquor of the triazolone of 15% and 20% Tilt EC, 1000 times of liquid dresses seed, to prevent the generation of weeds and damage by disease and insect, improve the resistance against diseases of seed;

(4) sow: sowed by row in the field renovated in step (2) by the Spring Wheat Seed sower after seed dressing in step (3), sowing line space is 15cm, and sowing depth is 3cm; After planting, one deck is sprinkled on earth's surface steel gray;

(5) field management: after going out full stand, waters and fills with ground, and to promote wheat seedling growth, after standard of pouring water terminates 15min for pouring water, the earth's surface water degree of depth is 1cm; Blooming in earlier stage, carrying out root imposes Available N-P K composite fertilizer, and for heading provides fertility, amount of application is every mu of 100kg, pours water immediately after topdressing, to prevent from burning seedling; Spray foliage fertilizer early stage in heading, described foliage fertilizer to be concentration be 2.5% the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer aqueous solution, fountain height is every mu of 500L; After all earing, pour water for the last time, ripe to wheat; During this period, suitably can water according to actual antecedent soil moisture situation, if there is the insect pest of leaf seedling diseases, can suitably spray insecticide to prevent and treat.

Embodiment 2

(1) autumn wheat stubble process: the field from which wheat has been reaped gathering in the crops autumn wheat is turned over, ploughing depth is 28 ~ 30cm, during straw is all placed into the soil, to promote that it rots, then suppress 2 times with farm land roller, make soil closely knit, finally, carry out winter irrigation in mid or late October (October about 25), irrigation quantity is 150mm;

(2) before planting wholely: treat that spring, temperature rose to more than 0 DEG C, after ground thaws, retting farmyard manure that 5000kg mass ratio is 10:1 and nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer, K composite fertilizer is used as base manure base manure in every mu of field after winter irrigation, carry out thin farming subsequently, tilling depth is 10cm, makes grading and abolish to harden, and to output 2 ~ 3 road width in the middle of the field be 20cm, the degree of depth is the draining/retaining ditch of 12cm, fertilising farming to increase soil fertility, for the growth of seedling is prepared;

(3) wheat seeds process: select cold-resistant, disease-resistant, resistant to lodging wheat seeds, Exposure to Sunlight 1 day, then every 1kg seed 50mL volume ratio is 30% deltamethrin milk oil, 500 times of liquid of 2:1:2, the mixed liquor of the triazolone of 15% and 20% Tilt EC, 1000 times of liquid dresses seed, to prevent the generation of weeds and damage by disease and insect, improve the resistance against diseases of seed;

(4) sow: sowed by row in the field renovated in step (2) by the Spring Wheat Seed sower after seed dressing in step (3), sowing line space is 18cm, and sowing depth is 2cm; After planting, one deck is sprinkled on earth's surface steel gray;

(5) field management: after going out full stand, waters and fills with ground, and to promote wheat seedling growth, after standard of pouring water terminates 10min for pouring water, the earth's surface water degree of depth is 2cm; Blooming in earlier stage, carrying out root imposes Available N-P K composite fertilizer, and for heading provides fertility, amount of application is every mu of 300kg, pours water immediately after topdressing, to prevent from burning seedling; Spray foliage fertilizer early stage in heading, described foliage fertilizer to be concentration be 1.5% the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer aqueous solution, fountain height is every mu of 800L; After all earing, pour water for the last time, ripe to wheat; During this period, suitably can water according to actual antecedent soil moisture situation, if there is the insect pest of leaf seedling diseases, can suitably spray insecticide to prevent and treat.

The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. effectively utilize the spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk to save energy and reduce the cost a cultivation method, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) autumn wheat stubble process: turned over by the field from which wheat has been reaped gathering in the crops autumn wheat, ploughing depth is 28 ~ 30cm, during straw is placed into the soil, then with farm land roller suppression 1 ~ 2 time, finally, carry out winter irrigation in mid or late October, irrigation quantity is 130 ~ 150mm;
(2) before planting wholely: after spring, ground thawed, base manure 4000 ~ 5000kg is used in every mu of field, ploughs subsequently, makes grading and abolish to harden, and to output 2 ~ 3 road width in the middle of the field be 15 ~ 20cm, the degree of depth is the draining/retaining ditch of 10 ~ 12cm;
(3) wheat seeds process: select cold-resistant, disease-resistant, resistant to lodging wheat seeds, Exposure to Sunlight 1 day, then with agricultural chemicals seed dressing, described seed dressing agricultural chemicals and dosage thereof are: every 1kg seed 50mL30% deltamethrin milk oil 500 times of liquid, the triazolone of 15% and the mixed liquor of 20% Tilt EC, 1000 times of liquid;
(4) sow: sowed by row in the field renovated in step (2) by the Spring Wheat Seed sower after seed dressing in step (3), sowing line space is 15 ~ 18cm, and sowing depth is 2 ~ 3cm; After planting, one deck is sprinkled on earth's surface steel gray;
(5) field management: after going out full stand, waters and fills with ground; Bloom and carry out root and topdress early stage, pour water immediately after topdressing; Foliage fertilizer is sprayed early stage in heading; After all earing, pour water for the last time, ripe to wheat; During this period, suitably can water and the extermination of disease and insect pest according to actual conditions.
2. the spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk that effectively utilizes according to claim 1 is saved energy and reduce the cost cultivation method, and it is characterized in that, the tilling depth in described step (2) is 8 ~ 10cm.
3. the spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk that effectively utilizes according to claim 1 is saved energy and reduce the cost cultivation method, it is characterized in that, in described step (2), and retting farmyard manure and nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer, the K composite fertilizer of described base manure to be usage ratio be 10:1.
4. the spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk that effectively utilizes according to claim 1 is saved energy and reduce the cost cultivation method, and it is characterized in that, in described step (5), described dressing fertilizer is quick-acting composite fertilizer, and amount of application is every mu of 100 ~ 300kg.
5. the spring wheat of wheat stubble stalk that effectively utilizes according to claim 1 is saved energy and reduce the cost cultivation method, it is characterized in that, in described step (5), described foliage fertilizer to be concentration be 1.5 ~ 2.5% the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer aqueous solution, fountain height is every mu of 500 ~ 800L.
CN201510448662.XA 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Energy-saving and consumption-reducing cultivation method for spring wheat capable of effectively utilizing wheat stubble straws CN105027923A (en)

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CN106717749A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-05-31 黄家七 A kind of oat kipeming high yield implantation methods
CN107155572A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-09-15 崇州市桤泉镇千禾土地股份合作社 A kind of cornfield interplanting broadcasts sowing the cultural method of upland rice

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106717749A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-05-31 黄家七 A kind of oat kipeming high yield implantation methods
CN107155572A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-09-15 崇州市桤泉镇千禾土地股份合作社 A kind of cornfield interplanting broadcasts sowing the cultural method of upland rice

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Application publication date: 20151111