CN105021163A - The optical scanning device - Google Patents

The optical scanning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105021163A
CN105021163A CN201510414060.2A CN201510414060A CN105021163A CN 105021163 A CN105021163 A CN 105021163A CN 201510414060 A CN201510414060 A CN 201510414060A CN 105021163 A CN105021163 A CN 105021163A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
turntable
base
wireless
module
data
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CN201510414060.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谌鎏
李少海
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深圳乐行天下科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510414060.2A priority Critical patent/CN105021163A/en
Publication of CN105021163A publication Critical patent/CN105021163A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C3/00Measuring distances in line of sight; Optical rangefinders
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C3/00Measuring distances in line of sight; Optical rangefinders
    • G01C3/02Details

Abstract

An optical scanning device comprises a pedestal, a turntable, a power module, a scanning system and a wireless module, wherein the power module is installed on the pedestal and supports the turntable to rotate; the scanning system is mounted on the turntable and detects ambient environmental data; and the wireless module is installed between the pedestal and the turntable and realizes energy and data interaction between the scanning system and the pedestal.

Description

光学扫描装置 The optical scanning device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及光学扫描领域,具体而言,涉及一种光学扫描装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of optical scanning, in particular, it relates to an optical scanning device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 光学扫描装置是一种使用准直光束进行非接触式目标物体扫描测距的设备。 [0002] The optical scanning apparatus using a collimated beam is a non-contact distance measuring device scanning the target object. 通过将用于测距的准直光束(如激光)进行一定范围内的旋转,即可实现对所在环境一定环境内物体进行扫描测距,并提取出环境的轮廓信息。 By collimated light beam (e.g., laser) for rotation within a certain distance range, can be realized within the environment where certain circumstances to scan an object distance, and extracts contour information environment. 相比超声波、图像检测等手段,使用光学扫描测距装置可以实现非常高的扫描测距精度,并且测距速度快。 Compared ultrasound image detection means, distance measuring apparatus using the optical scanning can achieve very high scan range accuracy, speed and fast ranging. 因此在工业和民用领域具有非常高的应用价值,目前广泛的应用于机器人自主建图与导航定位(SLAM)、3D场景重建、安防检测等领域。 Therefore has a very high value in industrial and civil applications, currently widely used in autonomous robot navigation and map building (SLAM), 3D scene reconstruction, security testing and other areas.

[0003] 在现有技术中,最具代表性的光学扫描装置为小型激光雷达,小型激光雷达一般分为底座,转盘和扫描系统,其中扫描系统置放于转盘上进而实现360度的扫描。 [0003] In the prior art, the most representative of the optical scanning device is a small laser radar, a laser radar generally divided into small base, carousel and scanning system, wherein the scanning system is placed on the turntable 360 ​​degrees so as to realize the scan. 然转盘上扫描系统和底座之间的能量和信息沟通均是通过滑环这么一个部件再配合导线进行,然目前市场上滑环在整个激光雷达产品上所占的成本比例较高,而且其易磨损,进而致使产品寿命大大缩短。 However, the turntable energy and information between the communication system and the base are scanned by such a slip-ring member coupled with the conductor for, then the slip ring is currently occupied by a higher proportion of the entire cost of the laser radar on the market, and which is easy to wear, thereby resulting in greatly shorten product life.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 有鉴于此,本发明的目的是提供一种光学扫描装置,实现成本更低,扫描数据更稳定。 [0004] In view of this, an object of the present invention is to provide an optical scanning device, to achieve lower cost, more stable scanning data.

[0005] 本发明实施方式中提供的光学扫描装置,包括:一底座,包括电源接口和数据接口;一转盘;一动力模块,安装于所述底座,支撑所述转盘旋转;一扫描系统,安装于所述转盘,侦测周围环境数据;一无线模块,安装于所述底座与所述转盘之间,实现所述扫描系统与所述底盘能量和数据的交互。 [0005] The optical scanning apparatus of embodiments of the present invention provided, comprising: a base, comprising a power and data interfaces; a turntable; a power module attached to the base, to support the rotation of the turntable; a scanning system, installed to the turntable, to detect surrounding environmental data; a wireless module mounted between the base and the turntable, the scanning system interact with the chassis of energy and data.

[0006] 优选地,所述扫描系统包括一数据处理模块,所述数据处理模块为一处理器电路。 [0006] Preferably, said scanning system comprising a data processing module, the data processing module is a processor circuit.

[0007] 优选地,所述扫描系统包括一光信号收发装置,所述光信号收发装置包括一个准直光源,多个成像透镜,一感光芯片。 [0007] Preferably, said scanning system comprising an optical signal transceiver, the optical signal transceiver means comprises a collimated light source, a plurality of the imaging lens, a light-sensitive chip.

[0008] 优选地,所述扫描系统包括一光信号收发装置,所述光信号收发装置包括多个准直光源,一个成像透镜,一感光芯片。 [0008] Preferably, said scanning system comprising an optical signal transceiver, the optical signal device comprises a plurality of collimated light source, an imaging lens, a light-sensitive chip.

[0009] 优选地,所述扫描系统为三角测距系统。 [0009] Preferably, said scanning system is a triangulation system.

[0010] 优选地,所述无线模块包括两个无线传输线圈,一个平行放置于所述转盘靠近所述底座的一面与所述扫描系统相连,另一个平行放置于所述底座靠近所述转盘的一面与所述底座的电源接口相连,所述两个无线传输线圈之间实现能量的无线传输。 [0010] Preferably, the wireless transmission wireless module comprises two coils placed parallel to a turntable near the side of the base is connected to the scanning system and the other parallel to the base is placed near the turntable side power interface coupled to said base, to achieve energy transfer between the two coils wireless radio transmission.

[0011] 优选地,所述底盘在靠近所述转盘一面的中心位置设置一管状凸起,所述转盘在靠近所述底盘一面的中心位置设置一圆柱形凹槽,所述圆柱形凸块嵌入在所述圆柱形凹槽中。 [0011] Preferably, the chassis is provided with a tubular projection adjacent said one side of the center position of the turntable, the turntable near a center position of the chassis on one side provided with a cylindrical recess, the cylindrical protrusion fitted the cylindrical recess.

[0012] 优选地,所述无线模块还包括包括两个无线传输线圈,一个环绕于所述管状凸起四周与所述底座的电源接口相连,另一个环绕于所述圆柱形凹槽四周与所述扫描系统相连,所述两个无线传输线圈实现能量的无线传输。 [0012] Preferably, the wireless module further comprises wireless transmission comprises two coils, said tubular projection surrounds a power interface coupled to said base and four weeks, the other surrounds the cylindrical recess and the four weeks coupled to said scanning system, the two radio transmission coils to achieve wireless transmission of energy.

[0013] 优选地,所述无线模块还包括两个调制解调器,一个放置于所述转盘并与所述扫描系统以及所述转盘上的无线传输线圈相连,另一个放置于所述底座与所述底座上的无线传输线圈相连,所述转盘上的调制解调器将所述扫描模块侦测的数据调制至所述转盘上的无线传输线圈,所述转盘上的无线传输线圈将所述数据传输至所述底座上的无线传输线圈,所述底座上的调制解调器对所述底座上的无线传输线圈上的数据进行解调。 [0013] Preferably, the module further comprises two wireless modems, placed on a turntable and is connected to the said scanning system and a wireless transmission coil on the turntable, the base and the other is placed in the base coil is connected to the wireless transmission, the modem on the turntable of the scanning module detects the modulated data to the wireless transmission coil on the turntable, the turntable wireless transmission coil transmitting the data to the base the wireless transmission coil, on the base of the modem on a wireless data transmission coil on said base demodulated.

[0014] 优选地,所述无线模块还包括两个无线数据传输模块,一个放置于所述转盘上与所述扫描系统相连,另一个放置于所述底座上与所述底座的数据接口相连,所述两个无线数据传输模块之间实现数据的传输。 [0014] Preferably, the wireless module further comprises two wireless data transmission module, coupled to the one placed on the turntable and the scanning system is connected to the other data placed in the base interface of the base, the two data transmission implemented between the wireless data transmission module.

[0015] 优选地,所述无线数据传输模块为蓝牙模块。 [0015] Preferably, the wireless data transmission module is a Bluetooth module.

[0016] 优选地,所述无线数据传输模块为红外发射装置。 [0016] Preferably, the wireless data transmission module is an infrared emitting device.

[0017] 优选地,所述动力模块与所述转盘之间存在一伸缩装置,所述伸缩装置使得转盘可以上下平移。 [0017] Preferably, there is a telescopic means between the power module and the turntable, the turntable such that the telescopic device can translate up and down.

[0018] 上述光学扫描装置通过电能和信号的无线传输,减少了滑环这一易损耗成本高的部件,同时也增加了数据扫描的稳定性。 [0018] The optical scanning apparatus for wireless transmission of power and signals through, the slip ring reduces the high cost of consumable components also increases the stability of the scanned data.

[0019] 以下结合附图和具体实施例对本发明进行详细描述,但不作为对本发明的限定。 [0019] The following embodiments in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail, but do not limit the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020]图1是本发明光学扫描装置一实施方式的基本结构图。 [0020] FIG. 1 is a basic configuration diagram of an optical scanning apparatus according to the present invention, an embodiment.

[0021] 图2是图1中光学扫描装置一具体结构剖面图。 [0021] FIG 2 is a specific configuration of the optical scanning device 1 in a sectional view in FIG.

[0022] 图3是图1中光学扫描装置又一具体结构剖面图。 [0022] FIG. 3 is a further specific configuration of the optical scanning apparatus in a cross-sectional view of FIG.

[0023] 图4为图2或图3所示光学扫描装置的一改进结构图。 [0023] FIG 4 is a configuration diagram of an improved optical scanning device 3 shown in FIG. 2 or FIG.

[0024] 图5是图1中光学扫描装置又一具体结构剖面图。 [0024] FIG. 5 is still another specific configuration of the optical scanning apparatus in a cross-sectional view of FIG.

[0025] 图6是图1中光学扫描装置又一具体结构剖面图。 [0025] FIG. 6 is still another specific configuration of the optical scanning apparatus in a cross-sectional view of FIG.

[0026] 图7为图5或图6所示光学扫描装置的一改进结构图。 [0026] FIG. 7 is a configuration diagram of an improved optical scanning device 6 shown in FIG. 5 or FIG.

[0027] 如下具体实施方式将结合上述附图进一步说明本发明。 [0027] The following specific embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is described.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0028] 下面将结合本申请实施例中的附图,对本申请实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本申请一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0028] below with reference to this application example of the accompanying drawings, technical solutions in the embodiments will be apparent to the present application, fully described, obviously, the described embodiments are merely part of the present application embodiment, but not all embodiments example. 基于本申请中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本申请保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present application, all other embodiments to those of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present application.

[0029] 图1为本发明光学扫描装置一实施方式的基本结构图。 [0029] FIG 1 a basic configuration of the optical scanning apparatus of the embodiment of FIG embodiment of the present invention. 如图1所示,一种光学扫描装置,包括一底座1、一动力模块2、一转盘3、一无线模块4、一扫描系统5。 As shown, an optical scanning device, comprising a base 1, a power module 2, a turntable 3, a wireless module 4, a scanning system 51. 其中,动力模块2位于底座I上,支持转盘3的旋转;另外,无线模块4存在转盘3和底座I之间;扫描系统5位于转盘3上,通过转盘3的旋转,进而实现360度的旋转扫描。 Wherein, the power module 2 is positioned on the base I, the support for rotation of the turntable 3; Further, wireless module between the turntable 4 and the base 3 I is present; scanning system 5 on the turntable 3, rotated by carousel 3, so as to realize the rotation of 360 degrees scanning.

[0030] 在本实施方式中,底座I上存在一电源接口和数据接口,通过该电源接口为整个光学扫描装置提供工作能量,通过数据接口接收扫描模块5侦测的环境数据。 [0030] In the present embodiment, there is a power and data interfaces to the base I, the entire optical scanning device provides operating energy, scan through the data interface module receiving environmental data detected by the power supply 5 interface. 动力模块2优选为一电机,固定于底座I上,通过电机的传动使转盘3实现360度旋转。 Power module 2 is preferably an electric motor, fixed to the base I, by the drive motor 3 so that the turntable 360 ​​degree rotation.

[0031] 在本实施方式中,扫描系统5优选为三角测距系统,包括一光信号收发装置和一数据处理模块。 [0031] In the present embodiment, the scanning system 5 is preferably a triangulation system, comprising an optical signal transceiver and a data processing module. 所述光信号收发装置包括多个准直光源,一成像透镜,一感光芯片。 The optical signal device comprises a plurality of collimated light source, an imaging lens, a light-sensitive chip. 数据处理模块为一处理器电路,与多个准直光源、成像透镜、感光芯片相连。 The data processing module is a processor circuit, coupled to the plurality of collimated light, an imaging lens, a light-sensitive chip. 其中光信号收发装置和数据处理模块同时固定于转盘3上,并随着转盘3的旋转而旋转,进而实现扫描系统5的360度扫描测距。 Wherein the optical signal transceiver and a data processing module also fixed to the turntable 3, and the rotation of the turntable 3 is rotated, so as to realize a scanning system 360 degree scan ranging 5. 在其他实施方式中,扫描系统也可以是为任意的光学测距系统,同时,光信号收发装置也可以包括一个准直光源和多个成像透镜。 In other embodiments, the scanning system may be any of the optical ranging system, while an optical signal device may comprise a collimated light source and a plurality of imaging lenses.

[0032] 图2是图1所示光学扫描装置一具体结构剖面图。 [0032] FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a specific configuration of the optical scanning apparatus shown in FIG. 在图2中,在底座I靠近转盘的一面中心位置设置一凸块卡位,凸块卡位中心位置设置一凹槽,凹槽中设置一电机(图中未不出)。 In FIG. 2, the base side I near the center position of the turntable is provided a latching protrusion, the latching lug provided with a groove center position, a groove provided motor (not not appear in the drawing). 转盘3在靠近底座I的一面设置一凸块,凸块能嵌入凹槽12中,并与电机的旋转轴相连,如此电机便能促使转盘进行360度的旋转。 I carousel base 3 near the side provided with a bump, the bump can be embedded in the recess 12, and is connected to the rotary shaft of the motor, so the motor will be able to cause the turntable to rotate 360 ​​degrees. 在本实施方式中,凸块卡位与凹槽中间可以设置轴承6,进而确保转盘3旋转的稳定性。 In the present embodiment, the latching protrusion may be provided with an intermediate bearing recess 6, thus ensuring the stability of the turntable 3 rotates.

[0033] 在本实施方式中,无线传输模块4位于转盘3与底座I之间,包括能量传输模块41、无线数据传输模块42。 [0033] In the present embodiment, the wireless transmission module 4 is located between the turntable 3 and the base I, including energy transfer module 41, wireless data transmission module 42. 其中能量传输模块41包括两个无线传输线圈411、412,其中无线传输线圈412平行固定于底座I靠近转盘3的一面并与底座I的电源接口相连,无线传输线圈411平行固定于转盘3并与扫描系统5相连,基于无线充电的原理通过底座上无线传输线圈412将电能通过无线的方式传递至转盘3上的线圈411,转盘3上的无线传输线圈411再将接收的电能提供至固定于其上的扫描系统5。 Wherein the energy transfer module 41 includes two wireless transmitting coils 411 and 412, wherein the wireless transmission coil fixed to the base 412 parallel to the turntable side near I 3 and connected to the power interface of the base I, the wireless transmission coil 411 is fixed to the turntable 3 and is parallel with scanning system 5 is connected to the coil 412 transmits electrical power based on the principle of the turntable 3 via the wireless charging base radio transmission coil 411 through wireless means, wireless transmission coil 3 on the turntable 411 then receives power supplied to the fixed thereon 5 on the scanning system. 另外,无线数据传输模块42包括两个蓝牙模块421、422,421固定于转盘3并与扫描系统5相连,422固定在底座I靠近转盘3一面并连接对外数据接口,通过两个蓝牙模块421、422,可将扫描系统5的扫描数据传递至底座1,进而实现扫描数据的输出。 Additionally, wireless data transmission module 42 comprises two Bluetooth module 421,422,421 is fixed to the turntable 3 and is connected to the scanning system 5, I 422 fixed to the base 3 near the turntable and connected to one side of the external data interface, via two Bluetooth module 421, 422, the scanning system may scan the transmitted data 5 to the base 1, so as to realize the output of the scan data.

[0034] 图3为图1所示光学扫描装置又一具体结构剖面图。 [0034] FIG. 3 is a sectional view of still another specific configuration of the optical scanning apparatus shown in FIG. 在图3中,除了无线传输模块4与图2中的无线传输模块4不同之外,其余结构均相同。 In Figure 3, except 4 different wireless transmission module 4 and a wireless transmission module in FIG. 2, the remaining structures are the same.

[0035] 在本实施方式中,无线传输模块4包括两个调制解调器401、402和两个无线传输线圈411、412,其中一个调制解调器402和一个无线传输线圈412相连固定于底座I上,另一个调制解调器401和另一个无线传输线圈411相连固定在转盘3上,其中,调制解调器402与底座I上面的数据接口相连,调制解调器401与扫描系统5相连。 [0035] In the present embodiment, the wireless transmission module 4 comprises two modems 401, 402 and two coils 411 and 412 of wireless transmission, wherein a radio modem 402 and a transmission coil 412 connected fixed to the base I, the other modem 401 and another coil 411 is connected to the wireless transmission is fixed to the turntable 3, wherein the modem is connected to the base 402 and the data interface I above, the scanning system 401 is connected to the modem 5. 在本实施方式中,底座I上的无线传输线圈412将电能通过无线的方式传递给转盘3上的无线传输线圈411,转盘3上的无线传输线圈411将接收的电能提供至扫描系统5以供其扫描测距使用;当扫描系统5获取扫描数据后,将其发送至转盘3上的调制解调器401,转盘3上的调制解调器401将所述数据进行调制并将其加载到转盘3上无线传输线圈411上的电能信号上,通过无线的方式将调制后的数据传递至底座I上的无线传输线圈412上,底座I上的调制解调器402将底座I上无线传输线圈412上接收的信号进行解调并通过对外信息接口将数据传输出去。 In the present embodiment, the wireless transmission coil on the base I 412 to transfer electrical energy to the turntable wireless transmission coil 3 411 via wireless manner, the wireless transmission coil 411 on the turntable 3 of the received power to the scanning system 5 for which scanning ranging use; when scanning system 5 acquires scan data, sends it to the modem 401 on the turntable 3, the modem 401 on the turntable 3 and the loaded data is modulated onto the radio transmission coil 3 turntable 411 on the power signal, the modulated data is transmitted by wireless means to the wireless transmission coil on the base I 412, I 402 on the base modem, the base on the I signal received on the radio transmission by the coil 412 demodulates External information interface data transfer out.

[0036] 图4为图2或图3所示光学扫描装置的一改进结构图。 [0036] FIG 4 is a configuration diagram of an improved optical scanning device 3 shown in FIG. 2 or FIG. 相比于图2或图3,图4所示光学扫描装置的主要改进主要体现在无线传输模块4和动力模块2。 Compared to FIG. 2 or FIG. 3 and FIG main improved optical scanning device mainly in wireless transmission module 4 and the power module 24. 如图4所示,其无线传输模块4包括能量传输线圈41和无线数据传输模块42,底盘I靠近转盘3的中间位置设置一凸块卡位,凸块卡位中心位置设置一凹槽。 4, a wireless transmission module 4 which includes an energy transfer coil 41 and the wireless data transmission module 42, the turntable chassis close to an intermediate position I 3 is provided a latching projections, latching projections provided with a groove center position. 转盘3在靠近底座I的一面设置一开口朝下的管状凸块,该管状凸块通过一轴承6嵌入凹槽中。 3 near the dial side of the base I provided with a downwardly open tubular projection, the tubular projection 6 through a bearing fitted in the recess. 其中,所述管状凸块的底部和所述凹槽的底部对应设置一对信号收发装置42,同时在底盘I的边缘设置动力模块2,所述动力模块2通过皮带7带动转盘3旋转,另外,所述能量传输线圈411、412分别平行放置于底盘I和转盘3上。 Wherein the bottom of said recess bottom and the tubular projections provided with a corresponding signal transceiver means 42, while the edge of the chassis I 2 is provided a power module, the power module to drive the turntable 2 via the belt 3 is rotated in 7, further and the energy transfer to the coil 411 and 412 are placed parallel to the turntable chassis and I 3. 在本实施方式中,信号收发装置42可以为红外发射对管,将扫描系统5采集到的信号通过红外的发射与接收转换成TTL电平的模式进而实现无线的信号传输。 In the present embodiment, the signal transmitting and receiving device 42 can be on the tube, the scanning system 5 collected into infrared signals emitted by the infrared transmitter and receiver to a TTL level signal transmission mode so as to realize wireless.

[0037] 图5为图1所示光学扫描装置又一具体结构剖面图。 [0037] FIG. 5 is a sectional view of still another specific configuration of the optical scanning apparatus shown in FIG. 在图4中,底座I靠近转盘3一面的中心位置设置一开口向上的管状凸起,该管状凸起内部设置一电机。 In FIG. 4, the tubular base 3 I near the turntable is provided on one side of a center position opens upward projection, the projections provided inside a tubular motor. 转盘3靠近底座I 一面的中心位置设置一圆柱形凹槽32,其宽度略大于管状凸起的直径,可使管状凸起嵌入该圆柱形凹槽,该圆柱形凹槽的底部存在一凸块卡位,在管状凸起嵌入该圆柱形凹槽的同时,凸块卡位伸入管状凸起中与电机的旋转轴连接,进而通过电机旋转轴的旋转实现转盘3的360度旋转。 3 near the dial side of the center position of the base I provided a cylindrical recess 32 having a width slightly larger than the diameter of the tubular projection, the tubular projection can embed the cylindrical recess, there is a projection of a bottom of the cylindrical recess Meanwhile card, is embedded in the tubular projection of the cylindrical recess, the latching projection extends into the tubular projection connected to the rotary shaft of the motor, and further rotation of the turntable 360 ​​is achieved by the 3-degree rotating electrical machine rotary shaft. 在本实施方式中,管状凸起与圆柱形凹槽之间还存在一轴承6,进而使的转盘稳定的旋转。 In the present embodiment, there is also a bearing 6 between the cylindrical recess and the tubular projections, and thus the rotation of the turntable stable.

[0038] 在本实施方式中,无线传输模块4位于转盘3与底座I之间,包括能量传输模块41、无线数据传输模块42。 [0038] In the present embodiment, the wireless transmission module 4 is located between the turntable 3 and the base I, including energy transfer module 41, wireless data transmission module 42. 其中能量传输模块41包括两个无线传输线圈411、412,其中线圈411环绕于底座I的管状凸起上,线圈412环绕在转盘3的圆柱形凹槽四周,基于无线充电的原理通过底座上无线传输线圈411将电能通过无线的方式传递至转盘3上的线圈412,转盘3上的无线传输线圈412再将接收的电能提供至固定于其上的扫描系统5。 Wherein the energy transfer module 41 includes two wireless transmitting coils 411 and 412, coil 411 which surrounds the tubular projection on the base I, the coil 412 surrounds the cylindrical recess all around the dial 3, the wireless charging based on the principle of a wireless base by transmitting coil 411 transmits electrical power wirelessly to the coil through the third turntable 412, the wireless transmission coil 3 on the turntable 412 then provides the received electrical power to the scanning system 5 fixed thereto. 另外,无线数据传输模块42包括两个蓝牙模块421、422,422固定于转盘3靠近底座I 一面并与扫描系统5相连,421固定在底座I靠近转盘3 —面并连接对外信息接口,通过两个蓝牙模块421、422,可将扫描系统5的扫描数据传递至底座1,进而实现扫描数据的输出。 Additionally, wireless data transmission module comprises two Bluetooth module 42 is fixed to the turntable 3 and is connected to one side of the base 5 421,422,422 near I and the scanning system, the base 421 is fixed near the turntable I 3 - and connect the external surface of the interface, by a two- Bluetooth modules 421 and 422, the scanning system may scan the transmitted data 5 to the base 1, so as to realize the output of scan data.

[0039] 图6为图1所示光学扫描装置又一具体结构剖面图。 [0039] FIG. 6 is a sectional view of still another specific configuration of the optical scanning apparatus shown in FIG. 在图5中,除了无线传输模块4与图4中的无线传输模块4不同之外,其余结构均相同。 In FIG. 5, in addition to the four different wireless transmission module 4 and a wireless transmission module in FIG. 4, the remaining structures are the same.

[0040] 在本实施方式中,无线传输模块4包括两个调制解调器401、402和两个无线传输线圈411、412,其中一个调制解调器401和一个无线传输线圈411固定于底座I上,另一个调制解调器402和另一个无线传输线圈412固定在转盘3上。 [0040] In the present embodiment, the wireless transmission module 4 comprises two modems 401, 402 and two coils 411 and 412 of wireless transmission, wherein a radio modem 401 and a transmission coil 411 fixed to the base I, the other modem 402 and the other wireless transmission coil 412 is fixed to the turntable 3. 在本实施方式中,底座I上的无线传输线圈411将电能通过无线的方式传递给转盘3上的无线传输线圈412,转盘3上的无线传输线圈412将接收的电能提供至扫描系统5以供其扫描测距使用;当扫描系统5获取扫描数据后,将其发送至转盘3上的调制解调器402,转盘3上的调制解调器402将所述数据进行调制并将其加载到转盘3上无线传输线圈412上的电能信号上,通过无线的方式将调制后的数据传递至底座I上的无线传输线圈411上,底座I上的调制解调器402将底座I上无线传输线圈411上接收的信号进行解调并通过对外信息接口将数据传输出去。 In the present embodiment, the wireless transmission coil on the base I 411 to transfer electrical energy to the turntable wireless transmission coil 3 412 via wireless manner, the wireless transmission coil 412 on the turntable 3 of the received power to the scanning system 5 for which scanning ranging use; when scanning system 5 acquires scan data, which was sent to the modem 402 on the turntable 3, the data modem 402 on the turntable 3 is modulated and loaded onto the turntable wireless transmission coil 3 412 on the power signal, the modulated data is transmitted by wireless means to the wireless transmission coil on the base I 411, I 402 on the base modem, the base on the I signal received on the radio transmission by the coil 411 demodulates External information interface data transfer out.

[0041] 图7为图5或图6所示光学扫描装置的一改进结构图。 [0041] FIG. 7 is a configuration diagram of an improved optical scanning device 6 shown in FIG. 5 or FIG. 在图7中,在图4中,底座I靠近转盘3 —面的中心位置设置一开口向上的管状凸起。 In FIG. 7, in FIG. 4, the base close to the turntable I 3 - a center position of the surface disposed upwardly open tubular projections. 转盘3靠近底座I一面的中心位置设置一开口向下的圆柱形凹槽,其宽度略大于该管状凸起的直径,其中,管状凸起可以通过一轴承6嵌入该圆柱形凹槽。 I carousel base 3 near the center position of one side provided with a downwardly open cylindrical recess having a width slightly larger than the diameter of the tubular projections, wherein the tubular projections can be fitted into the bearing 6 by a cylindrical recess. 在本实施方式中,无线传输模块包括能量传输线圈41和无线数据传输模块42,能量传输线圈411、412分别环绕至圆柱形凹槽和管状凸起的四周,而在圆柱形凹槽和管状凸起的底部分别对应设置着一对无线数据传输模块42。 In the present embodiment, the wireless transmission module comprises an energy transmission coil 41 and the wireless data transmission module 42, power transmission coil 411 and 412 respectively, to surround the cylindrical recess and the tubular projection around the cylindrical recess and the tubular projection from the bottom respectively provided with a pair of wireless data transmission module 42. 在本实施方式中,无线数据传输模块42可以为红外发射管,将扫描模块5采集到的信号通过红外与TTL电平转换的模式实现无线的信号传输。 In the present embodiment, the wireless data transmission module 42 may be an infrared emitting tube, the scanning module 5 signals acquired by the wireless signal transmission of infrared and TTL level conversion mode. 另外,动力模块2设置于底盘I的边缘,并通过皮带7带动转盘的转动。 Further, the power module is disposed on the edge of the chassis 2 I, and a belt 7 driven by the rotation of the turntable.

[0042] 在本实施方式中,当动力模块2位于底盘I的中心位置时,转盘3可以通过一伸缩装置与动力模块2相连,具体而言,伸缩装置一端与转盘3固定相连,伸缩装置另一端与动力模块2的旋转轴固定相连,如此在转盘3旋转的同时,还能通过伸缩装置实现上下浮动,进而实现扫描系统的一个立体型的扫描。 [0042] In the present embodiment, when the power module 2 located in the center of the chassis I of the turntable 3 may be connected by a telescopic device with the power module 2, specifically, one end of the telescopic device is connected to the turntable 3 is fixed, the other telescopic device one end of the power module is connected to the rotary shaft 2 is fixed, while the turntable 3 rotates so, but also realized by a telescopic device fluctuate, so as to realize a three-dimensional scan of the scanning system. 在本实施方式中,伸缩装置优选为伸缩杆,动力模块优选为电机。 In the present embodiment, the telescopic device is preferably a telescopic rod, the power module is preferably a motor.

[0043] 基于本发明,使得光学扫描装置中的转盘与底座之间能量和信号的传输不再需要滑环这种成本较高、容易磨损的部件,进而降低了光学扫描装置产业化的成本,同时也由于减少滑环部件,使得光学扫描装置在扫描的过程中能量和信号的传输更加稳定,进而使得环境数据的侦测更加稳定。 [0043] Based on the present invention, so that the transmission of energy and signals between the optical scanning device of the turntable and the base is no longer necessary that the slip ring high cost, easily worn parts, thereby reducing the cost of industrialization of the optical scanning apparatus, also due to the reduced slip ring member, such that the optical scanning device during the scan signals to transmit energy and more stable, thus making detection more stable environmental data.

[0044] 以上对本发明所提供的一种光学扫描装置进行了详细介绍,本文中应用了具体个例对本发明的原理及实施方式进行了阐述,以上实施例的说明只是用于帮助理解本发明的方法及其核心思想;同时,对于本领域的技术人员,依据本发明实施例的思想,在具体实施方式及应用范围上均会有改变之处,综上所述,本说明书内容不应理解为对本发明的限制。 [0044] or more of an optical scanning device provided by the invention is described in detail herein through specific examples of the principles and embodiments of the present invention have been set forth in the above description of embodiments merely for understanding the present invention. the method and core ideas; Meanwhile, those skilled in the art, the idea of ​​the embodiment according to the present invention, there are changes in the specific embodiments and applications of, above, the present specification shall not be construed as limit the present invention.

Claims (13)

1.一种光学扫描装置,其特征在于,包括: 一底座,包括电源接口和数据接口; 一转盘; 一动力模块,安装于所述底座,支撑所述转盘旋转; 一扫描系统,安装于所述转盘,侦测周围环境数据; 一无线模块,安装于所述底座与所述转盘之间,实现所述扫描系统与所述底盘能量和数据的交互。 An optical scanning device comprising: a base, comprising a power and data interfaces; a turntable; a power module attached to the base, to support the rotation of the turntable; a scanning system, attached to the said turntable, to detect surrounding environmental data; a wireless module mounted between the base and the turntable, the scanning system interact with the chassis of energy and data.
2.如权利要求1所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述扫描系统包括一数据处理模块,所述数据处理模块为一处理器电路。 2. The optical scanning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said scanning system includes a data processing module, the data processing module is a processor circuit.
3.如权利要求1所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述扫描系统包括一光信号收发装置,所述光信号收发装置包括一个准直光源,多个成像透镜,一感光芯片。 The optical scanning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said scanning system includes an optical signal transceiver, the optical signal transceiver means comprises a collimated light source, a plurality of the imaging lens, a light-sensitive chip.
4.如权利要求1所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述扫描系统包括一光信号收发装置,所述光信号收发装置包括多个准直光源,一个成像透镜,一感光芯片。 The optical scanning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said scanning system includes an optical signal transceiver, the optical signal device comprises a plurality of collimated light source, an imaging lens, a light-sensitive chip.
5.如权利要求1所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述扫描系统为三角测距系统。 5. The optical scanning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said scanning system is a triangulation system.
6.如权利要求1所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述无线模块包括两个无线传输线圈,一个平行放置于所述转盘靠近所述底座的一面与所述扫描系统相连,另一个平行放置于所述底座靠近所述转盘的一面与所述底座的电源接口相连,所述两个无线传输线圈之间实现能量的无线传输。 6. An optical scanning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said wireless radio transmission module comprises two coils placed parallel to a turntable near the side of the base is connected to the scanning system, other positioned parallel to the base near the side of the turntable is connected to the base power interface, wireless transmission of energy between the two radio transmission coil.
7.如权利要求1所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述底盘在靠近所述转盘一面的中心位置设置一管状凸起,所述转盘在靠近所述底盘一面的中心位置设置一圆柱形凹槽,所述圆柱形凸块嵌入在所述圆柱形凹槽中。 7. The optical scanning apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the chassis is provided with a tubular projection adjacent said one side of the center position of the turntable, the turntable near a center position of the chassis side is provided in a cylindrical shaped groove, the cylindrical protrusion is embedded in the cylindrical recess.
8.如权利要求7所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述无线模块还包括包括两个无线传输线圈,一个环绕于所述管状凸起四周与所述底座的电源接口相连,另一个环绕于所述圆柱形凹槽四周与所述扫描系统相连,所述两个无线传输线圈实现能量的无线传输。 8. The optical scanning apparatus according to claim 7, wherein said wireless module further comprises wireless transmission comprises two coils, said tubular projection surrounds a power interface coupled to said base and four weeks, the other surrounded by said cylindrical groove and around the scanning system is connected, the two radio transmission coils to achieve wireless transmission of energy.
9.如权利要求6或8所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述无线模块还包括两个调制解调器,一个放置于所述转盘并与所述扫描系统以及所述转盘上的无线传输线圈相连,另一个放置于所述底座与所述底座上的无线传输线圈相连,所述转盘上的调制解调器将所述扫描模块侦测的数据调制至所述转盘上的无线传输线圈,所述转盘上的无线传输线圈将所述数据传输至所述底座上的无线传输线圈,所述底座上的调制解调器对所述底座上的无线传输线圈上的数据进行解调。 9. The optical scanning apparatus of claim 6 or claim 8, wherein said module further comprises two wireless modems, the turntable is placed in a scanning system and the radio transmission and the coil on the turntable and is connected, the other is placed to the base is connected to the wireless transmission coil on the base of the modem on the turntable scanning module detects the modulated data to the wireless transmission coil on the turntable, the turntable wireless transmission coil to transmit the data to the wireless transmission coil on the base, the base modem over a wireless data transmission coil on said base demodulated.
10.如权利要求1所述的电机控制装置,其特征在于,所述无线模块还包括两个无线数据传输模块,一个放置于所述转盘上与所述扫描系统相连,另一个放置于所述底座上与所述底座的数据接口相连,所述两个无线数据传输模块之间实现数据的传输。 10. The motor control device according to claim 1, wherein said wireless module further comprises two wireless data transmission module, is placed in a scanning system connected to the said turntable, placed on the other data base and the base is connected to an interface, to achieve the transfer of data between two wireless data transmission module.
11.如权利要求10所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述无线数据传输模块为蓝牙模块。 11. The optical scanning apparatus according to claim 10, characterized in that the wireless data transmission module is a Bluetooth module.
12.如权利要求10所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述无线数据传输模块为红外发射装置。 12. The optical scanning apparatus according to claim 10, characterized in that the wireless data transmission module is an infrared emitting device.
13.如权利要求1所述的光学扫描装置,其特征在于,所述动力模块与所述转盘之间存在一伸缩装置,所述伸缩装置使得转盘可以上下平移。 13. The optical scanning apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that a telescopic device is present between the power module and the turntable, the turntable such that the telescopic device can translate up and down.
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