CN105020933B - A kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner - Google Patents

A kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105020933B
CN105020933B CN201410154571.0A CN201410154571A CN105020933B CN 105020933 B CN105020933 B CN 105020933B CN 201410154571 A CN201410154571 A CN 201410154571A CN 105020933 B CN105020933 B CN 105020933B
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valve
heat exchanger
water
compressor
electricity
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CN105020933A (en
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陈则韶
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Jiangsu Hengxin Nuojin Polytron Technologies Inc
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陈则韶
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B29/00Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously
    • F25B29/003Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously of the compression type system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements
    • F25B41/20Disposition of valves, e.g. of on-off valves or flow control valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements
    • F25B41/30Expansion means; Dispositions thereof
    • F25B41/37Capillary tubes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B47/00Arrangements for preventing or removing deposits or corrosion, not provided for in another subclass
    • F25B47/02Defrosting cycles

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, it is characterised in that:Using a triple valve, a four-way valve and multiloop throttle mechanism, four kinds of function refrigeration, refrigerator and water heater, water heating, circulations for heating gas of a compressor and indoor and outdoor wind heat exchanger and hot water heat exchanger are realized;Described multiloop throttle mechanism includes commutating circuit and main restricting element, the assistant throttle component composition that four check valves are constituted;Gone when restricting element is heating power expansion valve near temperature-sensitive bag wind heat exchanger exit installed outdoors on the pipeline in compressor direction;Defrosted using the bypass of the heat and bypass defrosting magnetic valve of hot water by warm refrigerant;Solenoid pilot valve exhaust capillary and the system low-voltage pipeline connection of triple valve;On the high pressure capillary that the solenoid pilot valve of four-way valve is connected with compressor exhaust pipe or micro- magnetic valve is installed, closed after four-way Vavle switching is completed.The present invention can maintain circulation loop refrigerant stable in multifunctional circulation, non-internal leakage, efficiency high.

Description

A kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner
Technical field:
The present invention relates to air-conditioning/Teat pump boiler technical field.
Background technology:
The Yangtze river basin belongs to the cold spring soughs of Xia Redong, basic need air-conditioning, heating, domestic hot-water.But, it is cold at present Warm air conditioner, it is impossible to which hot water is provided;Air-source water heater, function is single, can only provide domestic hot-water;Although the applicant Shen There please be multinomial related patent.For example, simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device (201010215579.5, 201020245130.9), a kind of open-and-shut double heat source heat pump hot water apparatus (200910181300.3) of refrigerating circuit, air-source The mutual assistance Defrost method of Teat pump boiler and five circulation double heat source heat pump water heaters (201010211846.1), the sky of mutual assistance defrosting Air supply heat pump water heater and five circulation double heat source heat pump water heaters (201020240385.6), parallel mutual defrosting air-source heat Pump water heater (201010272024.4,201020516806.3), the compact air conditioner heat of self-built natural circulation stream heat exchange A kind of water three-way set (201010568937.0,201020637139.9), four seasons save cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating three-purpose machine (02116049.X, 02220342.7) etc., because apllied patented technology is directed to the problem of point difference, or is solved the same problem There is incomplete same scheme, so constantly applying for new patent again.Although the patented technology of above-mentioned application is different degrees of real It is existing it is multi-functional require, but be due to that the internal path of actual four-way valve has interior leakage, and it is non-ideal realize open circuit and path, make The loop that must be designed is due to the cumulative effect of interior leakage, and some circulations engender that refrigerant is lost to acyclic part, influence property Energy;In addition, existing multiloop throttle mechanism does not adapt to the different throttling degree requirements of different circulation loops, still need to improve.
The content of the invention:
In order to overcome the shortcomings of existing multifunction water-heating air conditioner, the reliability of system is improved, the present invention proposes a kind of real Use multifunction water-heating air conditioner, it is possible to achieve cooling in summer gas, refrigerator and water heater, Winter heat supply wind is supplied with hot water two ways Warm, spring and autumn absorbs outdoor air energy water heating, solves multiple-loop refrigeration agent and flees problem, and enables the system to according to season temperature Change, automatically adjusts refrigerant amount of restriction and the relatively inexpensive scheme of cost, and designs and reversely defrosted using hot water heat energy, solution Certainly general cooling and heating air conditioner winter frost removing is not thorough, it is impossible to the problem of normally running.
A kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner technical scheme of the present invention
A kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, is made up of outdoor unit, indoor set and hot water heat exchanger and control system Provide cold air, hot blast, the multifunction water-heating air conditioner of hot water;
It is characterized in that:A kind of described Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, its outdoor unit is provided with compressor, threeway Valve, four-way valve, outdoor wind heat exchanger include outdoor fan, multiloop throttle mechanism, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, gas-liquid separation Device, defrosting bypass magnetic valve, micro- magnetic valve and the first temp probe;Its indoor set, which is provided with indoor wind heat exchanger, includes room Inner blower, second temperature probe;Its hot water heat exchanger carries the 3rd temp probe, according to user's request, or installs indoors, or It is installed outdoors, or make in small-sized hot water heat exchanger machine installed outdoors;Described outdoor unit, indoor set and hot water heat exchanger Refrigerant passage connected into pipeline in refrigerating circuit, refrigerating circuit and charged refrigerant, can perform four kinds of functional modes Circulation;Described control system includes first, second and third temp probe, and high and low pressure pressure sensor passes through signal link and letter Number collection, processor connection, circuit control panel pass through circuit and control line and compressor, indoor fan, outdoor fan, recirculated water The motor and four-way valve of pump, defrosting bypass magnetic valve, the magnet coil connection of micro- magnetic valve, and control it to open by instruction repertorie Open, stop;Described micro- magnetic valve is mounted on the air inlet capillary of the solenoid pilot valve of four-way valve;
The type of attachment of described refrigerating circuit is:The exhaust outlet of compressor and the air inlet of triple valve are connected;Triple valve The first gas outlet of two gas outlets and the refrigerant passage import of hot water heat exchanger connect, the second gas outlet and four-way valve Air inlet is connected;The other three of four-way valve interface side by side, be designated as the 2nd, 3,4 interfaces, the 2nd interface be four-way valve coil without electricity when The interface being connected with air inlet;Interface 3 is that four-way valve coil has the interface being connected during electricity with air inlet;Three side by side Intermediary interface is referred to as the 4th interface of four-way valve, is connected when four-way valve coil is without electricity with interface 3, has electricity in four-way valve coil The orifices of Shi Yu 2;The air inlet of four-way valve is also referred to as the first interface of four-way valve;Four-way valve the 2nd, 3,4 interfaces difference First interface, the import of the first interface, gas-liquid separator of indoor wind heat exchanger with outdoor wind heat exchanger are connected;Gas-liquid separation The gas outlet of device and the air inlet of compressor are connected;Described multiloop throttle mechanism, including the 1st, 2,3,4 check valves, main section Fluid element, assistant throttle component, its connected mode is:1st, the inlet parallel of 2 check valves is connected with the outlet of main restricting element, 3rd, the outlet parallel connection of 4 check valves is connected with the import of fluid reservoir;The outlet of first check valve and the import of assistant throttle component Connection;The outlet of assistant throttle component is connected with the inlet parallel of the 3rd check valve with the second interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger;2nd The outlet of check valve is connected with the inlet parallel of the 4th check valve with the second interface of indoor wind heat exchanger;Described hot water heat exchange The refrigerant passage outlet of device is connected with the import of fluid reservoir;Liquid refrigerant outlet and the Filter dryer import of fluid reservoir connect Connect;Filter dryer outlet be connected with the import of main restricting element, and is separated defrosting and bypassed and connect with the second of outdoor wind heat exchanger Mouth is connected;Defrosting bypass magnetic valve is installed in defrosting bypass;When defrosting bypass magnetic valve is opened, perform defrosting and follow Ring.
A kind of described Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, it is characterised in that:The main restricting element be heating power expansion valve, Or electric expansion valve or capillary, when main restricting element is heating power expansion valve, control the temperature-sensitive Bao An of thermal expansion valve opening Near the first interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger with the pipeline at the first temp probe same position, when using capillary when The length of capillary is prepared with gas pattern of freezing;Described assistant throttle component is heating power expansion valve, and its temperature-sensitive bag is also mounted at On pipeline at the first interface annex of outdoor wind heat exchanger;
A kind of described Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, it is characterised in that:The row of the solenoid pilot valve of described triple valve Gas capillary is connected with the inlet ductwork of the gas-liquid separator of refrigerating circuit;The air inlet capillary of the solenoid pilot valve of described four-way valve Pipe is connected with the gas exhaust piping of the compressor of refrigerating circuit;The air inlet capillary internal orifice dimension of the solenoid pilot valve of described four-way valve is small 0.5 meter it is not shorter than in 1 mm length, from the small stainless steel instrument capillary of heat conductivility, or on its air inlet capillary One standby micro- magnetic valve is installed again;Described micro- magnetic valve application method is, when Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner starts Or all first it is powered open-minded when changing operational mode every time, when refrigerator and water heater pattern and outdoor heat absorption heat aqueous mode time delay Close, be powered open-minded always in other patterns;
A kind of described Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, it is characterised in that:Described hot water heat exchanger be refrigerant with Hydrothermal exchange heat exchanger, be refrigerant in Bottomhole pressure, the canister counter-flow heat exchanger that water flows outside pipe, or plate-type heat-exchange Device, the water route side of plate type heat exchanger is configured with water circulating pump, and the refrigerant heat exchanger pipe of tank barrel type heat exchanger is spiral cylinder, and Fair water sleeves are cased with outside helix tube;
A kind of described Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, it is characterised in that:The circulation of four kinds of described functional modes and Control mode is respectively:
Refrigerator and water heater is circulated:Refrigerant sequentially flow through compressor, the air inlet of triple valve and the first gas outlet path, The cryogen path of hot water heat exchanger, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, main restricting element, the second check valve, indoor wind heat exchanger, Four-way valve the 3rd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compressor;Control program:Compressor, indoor fan have electric operation, outdoor wind Machine stops without electricity, and triple valve, the coil of four-way valve are without electricity, and micro- magnetic valve is powered open-minded when starting, and treats that four-way valve is switched to normally Delay is closed for 3~10 minutes behind position, and the coil of defrosting bypass magnetic valve is without being electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump has electric operation;
Outdoor heat absorption heats water circulation:It is logical that refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor, the air inlet of triple valve and the first gas outlet Road, the refrigerant passage of hot water heat exchanger, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, main restricting element, the first check valve, auxiliary throttling member Part, outdoor wind heat exchanger, four-way valve the 2nd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compressor;Control program:Compressor, outdoor wind Machine has electric operation, and indoor fan stops without electricity, and the coil of triple valve is without electricity, and the coil of four-way valve has electricity, when micro- magnetic valve starts It is powered open-minded, is delayed 3~10 minutes and closes after four-way valve is switched to normal position, the coil of defrosting bypass magnetic valve is closed without electricity Close;Hot-water return circulating pump has electric operation;
Outdoor heat absorption hot gas cycle:It is logical that refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor, the air inlet of triple valve and the 2nd gas outlet Road, four-way valve the 1st, 3 interface gateways, indoor wind heat exchanger, the 4th check valve, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, main restricting element, the One check valve, assistant throttle component, outdoor wind heat exchanger, four-way valve the 2nd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compressor;Control Program:Compressor, indoor and outdoor blower fan have electric operation, and the coil of triple valve has electricity, and the coil of four-way valve has electricity, micro- magnetic valve It is powered during startup open-minded, the coil of defrosting bypass magnetic valve is without being electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump stops without electricity;
Outdoor heat release circulating cold air:It is logical that refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor, the air inlet of triple valve and the 2nd gas outlet Road, four-way valve the 1st, 2 interface gateways, outdoor wind heat exchanger, the 3rd check valve, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, main restricting element, the 2 check valves, indoor wind heat exchanger, four-way valve the 3rd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compressor;Control program:Compressor, room Interior, outdoor fan has electric operation, and the coil of triple valve has electricity, and the coil of four-way valve is without electricity, and micro- magnetic valve is powered open-minded when starting, Defrosting bypasses electromagnetic valve coil without being electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump stops without electricity;
A kind of described Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, it is characterised in that:Be using hot-water heating system hot water heat and The refrigerant hydrothermal solution of bypass circulation and the defrosting circulation of hot gas;Described defrosting circulation is that refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor, three The air inlet of port valve and the first gas outlet path, hot water heat exchanger refrigerant passage, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, by defrosting Way solenoid valve, outdoor wind heat exchanger, four-way valve the 2nd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compressor;Control program:Compressor, Hot-water return circulating pump has electric operation, and indoor and outdoor blower fan stops without electricity, and the coil of triple valve is without electricity, and the coil of four-way valve has Electricity, micro- magnetic valve is powered open-minded when starting, and the coil of defrosting bypass magnetic valve has electricity, bypasses open-minded.
The innovative point of the present invention mainly has:
(1) a kind of, Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, employs a triple valve, a four-way valve, and four check valves With the main and auxiliary multiloop throttle mechanism for helping restricting element to constitute, refrigerating circuit is set to realize refrigerator and water heater, outdoor heat absorption system Hot water, outdoor heat absorption heat gas, four kinds of functions circulation of outdoor heat release refrigeration gas;
(2), the inlet tube of the exhaust capillary of the solenoid pilot valve of described triple valve and the gas-liquid separator of refrigerating circuit Road is connected, and solves the exhausting problem of the solenoid pilot valve of triple valve, four-way Vavle switching is obtained power;The electromagnetism of described four-way valve The air inlet capillary of pilot valve is connected with the gas exhaust piping of the compressor of refrigerating circuit, and is provided with micro- electricity on its air inlet capillary Magnet valve, micro- magnetic valve is opened in the starting period, four-way valve is switched to normal work position, then micro- closed electromagnetic valve, be avoid because When refrigerator and water heater circulation and outdoor heat absorption heat water circulation circulation, to cause higher pressure refrigerant gas to pass through solenoid pilot valve Air inlet capillary and four-way valve in leak, reduce the refrigerant flow for flowing through hot water heat exchanger, cause to heat the property of water condition Can reduction;
(3), defrosting bypass and defrosting bypass the design of magnetic valve, can utilize hot in fluid reservoir initial stage in defrosting Refrigerant liquid enters the quick defrost of outdoor wind heat exchanger, then using hot water energy's heating refrigerant gas of boiler, enters One step defrost, makes the defrosting of winter Yangtze river basin cooling and heating air conditioner thorough;
(4), the design of the throttling degree of the main restricting element, is control when preparing heating power expansion valve with gas pattern of freezing On the first interface annex pipeline of the temperature-sensitive bag wind heat exchanger installed outdoors of thermal expansion valve opening, when using capillary with Gas pattern of freezing prepares the length of capillary;Described assistant throttle component is heating power expansion valve, and its temperature-sensitive is also wrapped installed in room On the first interface annex pipeline of exogenous wind heat exchanger.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the basic structure schematic diagram and refrigeration of a kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner of embodiments of the invention 1 The simultaneous refrigerant flow circuit figure for heating aqueous mode.
Fig. 2 is that a kind of outdoor heat absorption of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner of embodiments of the invention 1 heats aqueous mode Refrigerant flow circuit figure.
Fig. 3 is that a kind of outdoor heat absorption of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner of embodiments of the invention 1 heats gas pattern Refrigerant flow circuit figure.
Fig. 4 be a kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner of embodiments of the invention 1 from hot water absorb heat defrosting mode Refrigerant flow circuit figure.
Fig. 5 is a kind of outdoor heat release refrigeration gas pattern of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner of embodiments of the invention 2 On refrigerant flow circuit figure, the air inlet capillary of the solenoid pilot valve of its four-way valve micro- magnetic valve is not installed.
Embodiment:
With reference to embodiment and its accompanying drawing, the present invention is further illustrated.But the present invention is not limited to this.
Embodiment 1
A kind of basic structure of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner is illustrated by Fig. 1;
A kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, is made up of outdoor unit, indoor set and hot water heat exchanger and control system Provide cold air, hot blast, the multifunction water-heating air conditioner of hot water;
It is characterized in that:Be provided with a kind of described multifunction water-heating air conditioner, outdoor unit compressor 1, triple valve 2, Four-way valve 3, outdoor wind heat exchanger 4 include outdoor fan 4a, multiloop throttle mechanism D, fluid reservoir 7, Filter dryer 8, gas-liquid Separator 10, defrosting bypass magnetic valve 12, the temp probe T1 of micro- magnetic valve 11 and first;Indoor set is provided with indoor wind and changed Hot device 5 includes indoor fan 5a, second temperature probe T2;Hot water heat exchanger 6 carries the 3rd temp probe T3, and has manual into water Flow control valve F1, flow of inlet water automatic regulating valve ZF1, hot water circulating pump 6a, water flow regulating valve F2, according to user's need Ask, or install indoors, or it is installed outdoors, or make in small-sized hot water heat exchanger machine installed outdoors;Outdoor unit, indoor set Connected with hot water heat exchanger by the refrigerating circuit for charging refrigerant R22, constitute multifunction water-heating air conditioner;
The type of attachment of refrigerating circuit is:1. the exhaust outlet of compressor 1 is connected with the air inlet of triple valve 2;Triple valve 2. first gas outlet of two gas outlets is connected with the refrigerant passage import of hot water heat exchanger 6, the second gas outlet 3. with four-way 1. the air inlet of valve 3 connects;The other three of four-way valve interface side by side, be designated as the 2nd, 3,4 interfaces, 2. the 2nd interface is four-way valve The interface being connected when coil is without electricity with air inlet;3. interface 3 has what is be connected during electricity with air inlet to connect for four-way valve coil Mouthful;4. three intermediary interfaces side by side are referred to as the 4th interface of four-way valve, are connected when four-way valve coil is without electricity with interface 3, With the 2nd orifice when four-way valve coil has an electricity;1. the air inlet of four-way valve is also referred to as the first interface of four-way valve;Four-way valve 2nd, 3,4 interfaces first interface respectively with outdoor wind heat exchanger 4, first interface, the gas-liquid separator 10 of indoor wind heat exchanger 5 Import connection;The gas outlet of gas-liquid separator and the air inlet of compressor are connected;Described multiloop throttle mechanism, including the 1st, 2,3,4 check valve D1, D2, D3, D4, main restricting element J, assistant throttle component 9, its connected mode is:1st, 2 check valves 1. D1, D2 inlet parallel be connected with main restricting element J outlet, the 3rd, 4 check valve D3, D4 outlet parallel connection and fluid reservoir 7 Import connection;The outlet of first check valve is connected with the import of assistant throttle component 9;The outlet of assistant throttle component and the 3rd 3. the inlet parallel of check valve is connected with the second interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger;The outlet of 2nd check valve and entering for the 4th check valve 2. the mouth second interface in parallel with indoor wind heat exchanger is connected;The refrigerant outlet of hot water heat exchanger 6 connects with the import of fluid reservoir 7 Connect;The liquid refrigerant outlet of fluid reservoir is connected with the import of Filter dryer 8;Filter dryer is exported with main restricting element J's Import connect, and separate defrosting bypass with assistant throttle component outlet and the 3rd check valve inlet parallel after, then with outdoor wind 3. the second interface of heat exchanger 4 is connected, and defrosting bypass magnetic valve 11 is provided with defrosting bypass;Described refrigerating circuit Refrigerant R22 is inside charged;
The main restricting element J is capillary, and the length of capillary is prepared with gas pattern of freezing;Described auxiliary throttling member Part 9 is heating power expansion valve, and the first interface of its temperature-sensitive bag wind heat exchanger 4 installed outdoors is identical with the first temp probe T1 nearby On pipeline at position;
The inlet ductwork of the gas-liquid separator 10 of the exhaust capillary L1 refrigerating circuits of the solenoid pilot valve of described triple valve Connection;The air inlet capillary L2 of the solenoid pilot valve of described four-way valve 3 is connected with the gas exhaust piping of the compressor 1 of refrigerating circuit, And micro- magnetic valve 12 is installed in its air inlet capillary water;Described hot water heat exchanger is that refrigerant is exchanged with water heat exchanger 6, Be refrigerant in Bottomhole pressure, the tank barrel type heat exchanger that water flows outside pipe is configured with water circulating pump 6a.
Fig. 1 show a kind of refrigeration of the refrigerator and water heater pattern of multifunction water-heating air conditioner of the embodiment of the present invention 1 Agent flow chart;Its circulation process is that refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor 1,2. 1. the air inlet of triple valve 2 lead to the first gas outlet Road, the refrigerant passage of hot water heat exchanger 6, fluid reservoir 7, Filter dryer 8, main restricting element J, the second check valve D2, interior Wind heat exchanger 5, the 3rd of four-way valve 3 the, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator 10, compressor 1;Control program:Compressor 1, indoor wind Machine 5a has electric operation, and outdoor fan 4a stops without electricity, and triple valve 2, the coil of four-way valve 3 are without electricity, and micro- magnetic valve 11 is powered open-minded, It is delayed 3~5 minutes and closes after four-way valve is switched to normal position, and interval is powered to opening 3 minutes and turned off for 30 minutes;Defrosting The coil of magnetic valve is bypassed without being electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump 6a has electric operation.
The outdoor heat absorption that Fig. 2 show a kind of multifunction water-heating air conditioner of the embodiment of the present invention 1 heats aqueous mode:Follow Circulation journey is, refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor 1, the air inlet of triple valve 2 and the first gas outlet path, hot water heat exchanger 6 Refrigerant passage, fluid reservoir 7, Filter dryer 8, main restricting element J, the first check valve D1, assistant throttle component 9, outdoor wind Heat exchanger 4, four-way valve 3 the 2nd, 4 interfaces 2., 4. path, gas-liquid separator 10, compressor 1;Control program:Compressor, outdoor wind Machine 4a has electric operation, and indoor fan 5a stops without electricity, and the coil of triple valve 2 is without electricity, and the coil of four-way valve 3 has electricity, micro- magnetic valve 11 are powered open-minded, are delayed 3~5 minutes and close after four-way valve is switched to normal position, and interval is powered and opens 3 minutes again for 30 minutes Close;The coil of defrosting bypass magnetic valve is without being electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump has electric operation.
Fig. 3 show a kind of outdoor heat absorption hot gas cycle of multifunction water-heating air conditioner of the embodiment of the present invention 1:Follow Circulation journey is, refrigerant sequentially flow through compressor 1, triple valve 2 air inlet 1. with the 2nd gas outlet 3. path, four-way valve 3 the 1st, 3 interfaces 1., 3. path, indoor wind heat exchanger 5, the 4th check valve D4, fluid reservoir 7, Filter dryer 8, main restricting element J, first Check valve D1, assistant throttle component J, outdoor wind heat exchanger 4, four-way valve the 2nd, 4 interfaces 2., 4. path, gas-liquid separator 10, pressure Contracting machine 1;Control program:Compressor, indoor and outdoor blower fan have electric operation, and the coil of triple valve has electricity, and the coil of four-way valve has Electricity, micro- magnetic valve is powered open-minded when starting, and the coil of defrosting bypass magnetic valve is without being electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump stops without electricity Only.
A kind of multifunction water-heating air conditioner that Fig. 4 show the embodiment of the present invention 1 utilizes the defrosting circulation of hot water heat:Circulation Flow is, refrigerant sequentially flow through compressor 1, triple valve 2 air inlet 1. with the first gas outlet 2. path, hot water heat exchanger 6 Refrigerant passage, fluid reservoir 7, Filter dryer 8, defrosting bypass magnetic valve 12, outdoor wind heat exchanger 4, four-way valve 3 the 2nd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator 10, compressor 1;Control program:Compressor, hot-water return circulating pump have electric operation, indoor, room Outer blower fan stops without electricity, and the coil of triple valve is without electricity, and the coil of four-way valve has electricity, and micro- magnetic valve is powered open-minded when starting, and defrosts Established by cable with the coil of bypass magnetic valve logical.
Fig. 5 show the basic structure and outdoor heat release refrigeration of a kind of multifunction water-heating air conditioner of the embodiment of the present invention 2 The circulation process figure of gas pattern;Its basic structure except on the air inlet capillary of the solenoid pilot valve of four-way valve uneasy equipment it is micro- It is identical all with a kind of basic structure of multifunction water-heating air conditioner of embodiment 1 outside magnetic valve;The electromagnetism of described four-way valve is led The air inlet capillary of valve is 0.8 meter of aperture 0.5 millimeter stainless steel capillary;The recycle stream of the outdoor heat release refrigeration gas pattern Journey:Refrigerant sequentially flow through compressor 1, triple valve 2 air inlet 1. with the 2nd gas outlet 3. path, four-way valve 2 the 1st, 2 interfaces Path, outdoor wind heat exchanger 4, the 3rd check valve D3, fluid reservoir 7, Filter dryer 8, main restricting element J, the 2nd check valve D2, room Interior wind heat exchanger 5, four-way valve the 3rd, 4 interfaces 3., 4. path, gas-liquid separator 10, compressor 1;Control program:Compressor, room Interior, outdoor fan has electric operation, and the coil of triple valve has electricity, and the coil of four-way valve is without electricity, and defrosting bypasses the coil of magnetic valve Nothing is electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump stops without electricity.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner, is made up of outdoor unit, indoor set and hot water heat exchanger and control system Cold air, hot blast, the multifunction water-heating air conditioner of hot water are provided;Its outdoor unit is provided with compressor, triple valve, four-way valve, outdoor Wind heat exchanger includes outdoor fan, multiloop throttle mechanism, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, gas-liquid separator, defrosting bypass electricity Magnet valve, micro- magnetic valve and the first temp probe;Its indoor set, which is provided with indoor wind heat exchanger, includes indoor fan, second temperature Probe;Its hot water heat exchanger carries the 3rd temp probe, according to user's request, or installs indoors, or installed outdoors, or does Into in small-sized hot water heat exchanger machine installed outdoors;The refrigerant passage of described outdoor unit, indoor set and hot water heat exchanger is used Pipeline connects into refrigerating circuit, refrigerating circuit and has charged refrigerant, can perform the circulation of four kinds of functional modes;Described control System includes first, second and third temp probe, and high and low pressure pressure sensor is connected by signal link and signal acquisition, processor Connect, circuit control panel controls the motor and four-way of line and compressor, indoor fan, outdoor fan, water circulating pump by circuit Valve, defrosting bypass magnetic valve, the magnet coil connection of micro- magnetic valve, and control it to open, stop by instruction repertorie;Described Micro- magnetic valve is mounted on the air inlet capillary of the solenoid pilot valve of four-way valve;
The type of attachment of described refrigerating circuit is:The exhaust outlet of compressor and the air inlet of triple valve are connected;The two of triple valve First gas outlet of individual gas outlet and the refrigerant passage import of hot water heat exchanger are connected, the air inlet of the second gas outlet and four-way valve Mouth connection;The other three of four-way valve interface side by side, be designated as the 2nd, 3,4 interfaces, the 2nd interface be four-way valve coil without electricity when with entering The interface that gas port is connected;Interface 3 is that four-way valve coil has the interface being connected during electricity with air inlet;Three centres side by side Interface is referred to as the 4th interface of four-way valve, is connected when four-way valve coil is without electricity with interface 3, when four-way valve coil has electricity with 2nd orifice;The air inlet of four-way valve is also referred to as the first interface of four-way valve;Four-way valve the 2nd, 3,4 interfaces respectively with room The first interface of exogenous wind heat exchanger, the first interface of indoor wind heat exchanger, the import connection of gas-liquid separator;Gas-liquid separator The air inlet connection of gas outlet and compressor;
It is characterized in that:Described multiloop throttle mechanism, including the 1st, 2,3,4 check valves, main restricting element, auxiliary throttling member Part, its connected mode is:1st, the inlet parallel of 2 check valves is connected with the outlet of main restricting element, and the 3rd, the outlet of 4 check valves Parallel connection is connected with the import of fluid reservoir;The outlet of first check valve and the import of assistant throttle component are connected;Assistant throttle component Outlet be connected with the inlet parallel of the 3rd check valve with the second interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger;The outlet and the 4th of 2nd check valve The inlet parallel of check valve is connected with the second interface of indoor wind heat exchanger;The refrigerant passage outlet of described hot water heat exchanger It is connected with the import of fluid reservoir;The liquid refrigerant outlet of fluid reservoir is connected with Filter dryer import;Filter dryer is exported Import with main restricting element is connected, and separates defrosting bypass and the second interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger is connected;Defrosting is other Defrosting bypass magnetic valve is installed on road;When defrosting bypass magnetic valve is opened, defrosting circulation is performed.
2. a kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The electromagnetism of described triple valve The exhaust capillary of pilot valve is connected with the inlet ductwork of the gas-liquid separator of refrigerating circuit;The solenoid pilot valve of described four-way valve The gas exhaust piping that air inlet capillary is exported with refrigeration loop compressor is connected;The air inlet capillary of the solenoid pilot valve of described four-way valve Pipe orifice footpath is not shorter than 0.5 meter less than 1 mm length, enters from the small stainless steel instrument capillary of heat conductivility, or at it One standby micro- magnetic valve is installed again on gas capillary;Described micro- magnetic valve application method is, when Practical multifunction hot water Air conditioner starts or is all first powered open-minded when changing operational mode every time, in refrigerator and water heater pattern and outdoor heat absorption water heating Time-delay closing during pattern, is powered open-minded always in other patterns.
3. a kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The circulation of four kinds of functional modes It is respectively with control mode:
Refrigerator and water heater is circulated:Refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor, the air inlet of triple valve and the first gas outlet path, hot water The refrigerant passage of heat exchanger, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, main restricting element, the second check valve, indoor wind heat exchanger, four-way Valve the 3rd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compressor;Control program:Compressor, indoor fan have an electric operation, outdoor fan without Electricity stops, and triple valve, the coil of four-way valve are without electricity, and micro- magnetic valve is powered open-minded when starting, after four-way valve is switched to normal position Delay is closed for 3~10 minutes, and the coil of defrosting bypass magnetic valve is without being electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump has electric operation;
Outdoor heat absorption heats water circulation:Refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor, the air inlet of triple valve and the first gas outlet path, heat The refrigerant passage of water- to-water heat exchanger, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, main restricting element, the first check valve, assistant throttle component, room Exogenous wind heat exchanger, four-way valve the 2nd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compressor;Control program:Compressor, outdoor fan have electricity Operating, indoor fan stops without electricity, and the coil of triple valve is without electricity, and the coil of four-way valve has electricity, is powered and opens when micro- magnetic valve starts It is logical, it is delayed 3~10 minutes and closes after four-way valve is switched to normal position, the coil of defrosting bypass magnetic valve is without being electrically turn off;Heat Water loop circulating pump has electric operation;
Outdoor heat absorption hot gas cycle:Circulation process is that refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor, the air inlet of triple valve and gone out with the 2nd Gas port path, four-way valve the 1st, 3 interface gateways, indoor wind heat exchanger, the 4th check valve, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, main throttling Element, the first check valve, assistant throttle component, outdoor wind heat exchanger, four-way valve the 2nd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compression Machine;Control program:Compressor, indoor and outdoor blower fan have electric operation, and the coil of triple valve has electricity, and the coil of four-way valve has electricity, micro- Magnetic valve is powered open-minded when starting, and the coil of defrosting bypass magnetic valve is without being electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump stops without electricity;
Outdoor heat release circulating cold air:Refrigerant sequentially flows through compressor, the air inlet of triple valve and the 2nd gas outlet path, four It is port valve the 1st, 2 interface gateways, outdoor wind heat exchanger, the 3rd check valve, fluid reservoir, Filter dryer, main restricting element, the 2nd unidirectional Valve, indoor wind heat exchanger, four-way valve the 3rd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compressor;Control program:Compressor, interior, room Outer blower fan has electric operation, and the coil of triple valve has electricity, and the coil of four-way valve is without electricity, and micro- magnetic valve is powered open-minded when starting, and defrosts With the coil of bypass magnetic valve without being electrically turn off;Hot-water return circulating pump stops without electricity.
4. a kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is the heat using hot-water heating system The defrosting circulation of the refrigerant hydrothermal solution and hot gas of hydro-thermal amount and bypass circulation;Described defrosting is circulated:Refrigerant is sequentially flowed through Compressor, the air inlet of triple valve and the first gas outlet path, the refrigerant passage of hot water heat exchanger, fluid reservoir, filtration drying Device, defrosting bypass magnetic valve, outdoor wind heat exchanger, four-way valve the 2nd, 4 interface gateways, gas-liquid separator, compressor;Control journey Sequence:Compressor, hot-water return circulating pump have electric operation, and indoor and outdoor blower fan stops without electricity, and the coil of triple valve is without electricity, four-way The coil of valve has electricity, and micro- magnetic valve is powered open-minded when starting, and defrosting bypass electromagnetic valve coil has electricity, bypasses open-minded.
CN201410154571.0A 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 A kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner Active CN105020933B (en)

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CN1786595A (en) * 2005-11-01 2006-06-14 张文化 Main machine structure for multifunctional energy saving environment protection domestic central air conditioner
CN102889708A (en) * 2011-07-17 2013-01-23 陈则韶 Two-source heat pump multi-function machine
CN204154021U (en) * 2014-04-17 2015-02-11 陈则韶 A kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner

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JP2005043012A (en) * 2003-07-24 2005-02-17 Chofu Seisakusho Co Ltd Outdoor unit for air conditioner with hot water heating

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1786595A (en) * 2005-11-01 2006-06-14 张文化 Main machine structure for multifunctional energy saving environment protection domestic central air conditioner
CN102889708A (en) * 2011-07-17 2013-01-23 陈则韶 Two-source heat pump multi-function machine
CN204154021U (en) * 2014-04-17 2015-02-11 陈则韶 A kind of Practical multifunction hot-water air conditioner

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Patentee before: Chen Zeshao