CN105015650A - Scrapped autotruck and heavy passenger car disassembling technology - Google Patents

Scrapped autotruck and heavy passenger car disassembling technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105015650A
CN105015650A CN201510465077.0A CN201510465077A CN105015650A CN 105015650 A CN105015650 A CN 105015650A CN 201510465077 A CN201510465077 A CN 201510465077A CN 105015650 A CN105015650 A CN 105015650A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workshop
disassembled
disassemble
disassembling
heavy passenger
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510465077.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄尚渭
费文磊
吴斌
胡乃礼
张苗娟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XINGGUANG RECYCLING (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd
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XINGGUANG RECYCLING (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by XINGGUANG RECYCLING (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd filed Critical XINGGUANG RECYCLING (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510465077.0A priority Critical patent/CN105015650A/en
Publication of CN105015650A publication Critical patent/CN105015650A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/56Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies of vehicles

Abstract

The invention relates to a scrapped autotruck and heavy passenger car disassembling technology. According to the technology, the following working sections including precleaning, preprocessing, driving cab assembly disassembling, power assembly disassembling, steering engine disassembling, tire disassembling, front and rear axle assembly disassembling, large frame cutting and split disassembling are included. The scrapped autotruck and heavy passenger car disassembling technology is high in disassembling efficiency, control and operation are automatic, part recycling and classification are convenient, resource recycling and environmental protection are facilitated, and labor conditions are greatly improved; the modernization production line layout is adopted, and the scale is conveniently expanded; environmental pollution can be effectively avoided when disassembling is performed through the scrapped autotruck and heavy passenger car disassembling technology. According to the precleaning working section, a storage battery trailer is adopted for transporting a vehicle to be disassembled to an area to be disassembled, and the environmental protection purpose is achieved better compared with a diesel fork lift truck. According to the large frame cutting working section, the purposes of safety and environmental protection are better achieved compared with gas welding cutting.

Description

One scraps truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to one, be specifically related to a kind of novel disassemble efficiency high, effectively can avoid environmental pollution, thing can recycle scraps truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle for disassembling of dismantling.
Background technology
According to national relevant regulations, in order to ensure social order of traffic and safety, reaching the power actuated vehicle scrapping time limit or standard, must disassemble and material recovery it.According to statistics, the annual whole world about has 3,000 ten thousand used cars to scrap, the annual abandoned car of the U.S. about about 1,200 ten thousand, about about 9,000,000, Europe, about about 5,000,000, Japan.State Environmental Protection Administration of current China has agreed to that setting up import waste vapour car casting die disassembles processing pilot garden, carries out resource reclaim recycling for the external abandoned car casting die of import.Disassembling of junked-auto generally adopts manpower Semiautomatic gas welding cutting in fixed area to disassemble both at home and abroad at present, thisly disassemble mode length consuming time, efficiency is low, and recycling can only be carried out for the critical component of automobile, cannot accomplish to disassemble the high efficiency of the whole part of junked-auto and reclaim by material classification, also can cause the wasting of resources and environmental pollution.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, main purpose of the present invention be to provide one disassemble efficiency high, effectively can avoid environmental pollution, thing can recycle scraps truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle for disassembling of dismantling.
The present invention solves above-mentioned technical matters by following technical proposals: one scraps truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle, described in scrap truck and heavy passenger vehicle and disassemble technique and comprise following workshop section successively:
Prerinse workshop section, pretreatment workshop section, operator's compartment assembly disassembles workshop section, dynamic assembly disassembles workshop section, steering box disassembles workshop section, workshop section disassembled by tire, front and rear axle assembly disassembles workshop section, large frame cutting workshop section and point disassemble workshop section.
Prerinse workshop section: after prerinse workshop section is clean by vehicle appearance, adopt storage battery trailer by vehicular transport to be dismantled to region to be dismantled.
Pretreatment workshop section: adopt hydraulic jack by vehicle lifting, carry out pretreatment.
Operator's compartment assembly disassembles workshop section: adopt air driven tools to be separated with operator's compartment in compartment.
Dynamic assembly disassembles workshop section: adopt air driven tools by after driving engine and car separated, uses hoist ceiling crane to be hung by driving engine.
Steering box disassembles workshop section: adopt air driven tools and hydraulic shear by gas tank, air filter frame, battery jar rack, steering box dismounting;
Workshop section disassembled by tire: adopt wind big gun to be removed from compartment by tire.
Front and rear axle assembly disassembles workshop section: removed from compartment by propons back axle.
Large frame cutting workshop section: adopt the mode of plasma cut to be cut by large frame.
Point disassemble workshop section: comprise cab seat divide disassemble, tire divide disassemble, engine mission divide disassemble, steering box divide disassemble, front-rear axle divides and disassembles.
In specific embodiments of the invention, described pretreatment comprises: waste oil reclaims, disassemble storage battery, devil liquor recovery, safety air bag dismounting station and refrigerant recovering.
In specific embodiments of the invention, described point of the utilized parts disassembled under workshop section's dismounting, classify according to variety of components; Parts can not be utilized to classify according to material, be specifically divided into steel, cast iron, aluminium, plastics, glass, rubber, polyurethane, cloth.
In specific embodiments of the invention, the described point of cab seat disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and is decomposed into according to parts: seat, bearing circle, compression indicator, air-pressure gauge, safety strap, water thermometer and ignition lock.
In specific embodiments of the invention, the described point of tire disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and is decomposed into according to parts: wheel hub, the inner tube of a tyre and cover tire.
In specific embodiments of the invention, the described point of engine mission disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and is decomposed into according to parts: starter, driving engine, compressor, oil pump, upper, middle and lower steel body, bent axle, connecting rod, piston, piston ring, bent axle size watt and valve.
In specific embodiments of the invention, the described point of steering box disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and is decomposed into according to parts: shell, connecting rod and turn to tooth.
In specific embodiments of the invention, the described point of front-rear axle disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and can be analyzed to according to parts: steel spring, retarder, diff and planetary wheel.
Positive progressive effect of the present invention is: truck and the heavy passenger vehicle scrapped provided by the invention is disassembled technique and had the following advantages: (1), the present invention disassemble that efficiency is high, Automated condtrol and running, it is convenient that part reclaims classification, favourable resource reclaim and environmental protection, significantly improve operating environment; (2), brief, the modernization of Production Line Configured of the present invention novelty, be convenient to expansion scale; (3), mode provided by the invention is carried out disassembling and effectively can be avoided environmental pollution.(4), pretreatment workshop section of the present invention adopts storage battery trailer by vehicular transport to be dismantled to region to be dismantled, relative to diesel fork lift trucks, and environmental protection more.(5), large frame of the present invention cutting adopts plasma cut, relative to gas cutting, and safety and environmental protection more.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is integral structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Present pre-ferred embodiments is provided, to describe technical scheme of the present invention in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is integral structure schematic diagram of the present invention.As shown in Figure 1: truck and the heavy passenger vehicle scrapped provided by the invention is disassembled technique and comprised following workshop section successively: prerinse workshop section 1, pretreatment workshop section 2, operator's compartment assembly disassembles workshop section 3, dynamic assembly disassembles workshop section 4, steering box disassembles workshop section 5, workshop section 6 disassembled by tire, front and rear axle assembly disassembles workshop section 7, large frame cutting workshop section 8 and point disassemble workshop section.
After prerinse workshop section 1 is clean by vehicle appearance, adopt storage battery trailer by vehicular transport to be dismantled to region to be dismantled.
Pretreatment workshop section 2 adopts hydraulic jack by vehicle lifting, carries out pretreatment.
Operator's compartment assembly is disassembled workshop section 3 and is adopted air driven tools to be separated with operator's compartment in compartment.
Dynamic assembly is disassembled workshop section 4 and is adopted air driven tools by after driving engine and car separated, uses hoist ceiling crane to be hung by driving engine.
Steering box is disassembled workshop section 5 and is adopted air driven tools and hydraulic shear by gas tank, air filter frame, battery jar rack, steering box dismounting.
Tire is disassembled workshop section 6 and is adopted wind big gun to be removed from compartment by tire.
Front and rear axle assembly is disassembled workshop section 7 and is removed from compartment by propons back axle.
Large frame cutting workshop section 8 adopts the mode of plasma cut to be cut by large frame.
Point to disassemble workshop section comprise cab seat divide disassemble 901, tire divide disassemble 902, engine mission divide disassemble 903, steering box divide disassemble 904, front-rear axle divides and disassembles 905.
Pretreatment workshop section 1 comprises: waste oil reclaims, disassemble storage battery, devil liquor recovery, safety air bag dismounting station and refrigerant recovering.
Point to disassemble the utilized parts under workshop section's dismounting, classify according to variety of components; Parts can not be utilized to classify according to material, be specifically divided into steel, cast iron, aluminium, plastics, glass, rubber, polyurethane, cloth.
Point cab seat disassembled in workshop section divides to be disassembled 901 and is decomposed into according to parts: seat, bearing circle, compression indicator, air-pressure gauge, safety strap, water thermometer and ignition lock.
Point tire disassembled in workshop section divides to be disassembled 902 and is decomposed into according to parts: wheel hub, the inner tube of a tyre and cover tire.
Point engine mission disassembled in workshop section divides to be disassembled 903 and is decomposed into according to parts: starter, driving engine, compressor, oil pump, upper, middle and lower steel body, bent axle, connecting rod, piston, piston ring, bent axle size watt and valve.
Point steering box disassembled in workshop section divides to be disassembled 904 and is decomposed into according to parts: shell, connecting rod and turn to tooth.
Point front-rear axle disassembled in workshop section divides to be disassembled 905 and can be analyzed to according to parts: steel spring, retarder, diff and planetary wheel.
Buffering workshop section of the present invention adopts storage battery trailer by vehicular transport to be dismantled to region to be dismantled, relative to diesel fork lift trucks, and environmental protection more.Large frame cutting of the present invention adopts plasma cut, relative to gas cutting, and safety and environmental protection more.
More than show and describe groundwork of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical personnel of the industry should be understood; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification sheets just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications; these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention, and application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (8)

1. scrap truck and a technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle, it is characterized in that: described in scrap truck and heavy passenger vehicle and disassemble technique and comprise following workshop section successively:
Prerinse workshop section, pretreatment workshop section, operator's compartment assembly disassembles workshop section, dynamic assembly disassembles workshop section, steering box disassembles workshop section, workshop section disassembled by tire, front and rear axle assembly disassembles workshop section, large frame cutting workshop section and point disassemble workshop section;
Prerinse workshop section: after prerinse workshop section is clean by vehicle appearance, adopt storage battery trailer by vehicular transport to be dismantled to region to be dismantled;
Pretreatment workshop section: adopt hydraulic jack by vehicle lifting, carry out pretreatment;
Operator's compartment assembly disassembles workshop section: adopt air driven tools to be separated with operator's compartment in compartment;
Dynamic assembly disassembles workshop section: adopt air driven tools by after driving engine and car separated, uses hoist ceiling crane to be hung by driving engine;
Steering box disassembles workshop section: adopt air driven tools and hydraulic shear by gas tank, air filter frame, battery jar rack, steering box dismounting;
Workshop section disassembled by tire: adopt wind big gun to be removed from compartment by tire;
Front and rear axle assembly disassembles workshop section: removed from compartment by propons back axle;
Large frame cutting workshop section: adopt the mode of plasma cut to be cut by large frame;
Point disassemble workshop section: comprise cab seat divide disassemble, tire divide disassemble, engine mission divide disassemble, steering box divide disassemble, front-rear axle divides and disassembles.
2. according to claim 1ly scrap truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle, it is characterized in that: described pretreatment workshop section comprises: waste oil reclaims, disassemble storage battery, devil liquor recovery, safety air bag dismounting station and refrigerant recovering.
3. truck of scrapping according to claim 1 disassembles technique with heavy passenger vehicle, it is characterized in that: described point of the utilized parts disassembled under workshop section's dismounting, classifies according to variety of components; Parts can not be utilized to classify according to material, be specifically divided into steel, cast iron, aluminium, plastics, glass, rubber, polyurethane, cloth.
4. according to claim 1ly scrap truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle, it is characterized in that: the described point of cab seat disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and be decomposed into according to parts: seat, bearing circle, compression indicator, air-pressure gauge, safety strap, water thermometer and ignition lock.
5. according to claim 1ly scrap truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle, it is characterized in that: the described point of tire disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and be decomposed into according to parts: wheel hub, the inner tube of a tyre and cover tire.
6. according to claim 1ly scrap truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle, it is characterized in that: the described point of engine mission disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and be decomposed into according to parts: starter, driving engine, compressor, oil pump, upper, middle and lower steel body, bent axle, connecting rod, piston, piston ring, bent axle size watt and valve.
7. according to claim 1ly scrap truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle, it is characterized in that: the described point of steering box disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and be decomposed into according to parts: shell, connecting rod and turn to tooth.
8. according to claim 1ly scrap truck and technique disassembled by heavy passenger vehicle, it is characterized in that: the described point of front-rear axle disassembled in workshop section divides to disassemble and can be analyzed to according to parts: steel spring, retarder, diff and planetary wheel.
CN201510465077.0A 2015-07-31 2015-07-31 Scrapped autotruck and heavy passenger car disassembling technology Pending CN105015650A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510465077.0A CN105015650A (en) 2015-07-31 2015-07-31 Scrapped autotruck and heavy passenger car disassembling technology

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107512327A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-26 广州科生环保科技有限公司 A kind of abandoned car disassembles recycling technique
CN111687174A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-09-22 中铁物总资源科技有限公司 Automatic disassembly process method and device for railway scrapped wagon carriage
CN112238914A (en) * 2020-09-23 2021-01-19 中铁物总资源科技有限公司 Method for separating railway waste vehicle carriage body from bogie
CN113084742A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-07-09 东海县浩泉再生资源有限公司 Method for cleaning and disassembling rear axle of waste automobile
CN113617791A (en) * 2021-07-19 2021-11-09 安徽工业大学 Intelligent integral disassembling and recycling method for waste two-wheel electric vehicle

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CN103112519A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-22 韩清洁 Waste vehicle disassembly production line and corresponding process
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CN103640644A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-19 广东邦普循环科技有限公司 Scraped automobile preprocessing method and production line thereof
CN203581175U (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-05-07 广东邦普循环科技有限公司 Preprocessing production line of scraped cars
CN104044663A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-17 江苏华宏科技股份有限公司 Disassembly-body packaging production line of scrapped automobile
CN104044661A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-17 江苏华宏科技股份有限公司 Disassembly line and disassembly technology of large scrapped automobile
CN104176153A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-12-03 铜陵天奇蓝天机械设备有限公司 Disassembling system for ex-service passenger vehicle

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GB1525848A (en) * 1977-06-01 1978-09-20 Hollander J Disassembly of used vehicles
CN1344638A (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-04-17 中国机动车辆安全鉴定检测中心 Combined motor vehicle demolishing and scrapping line
CN1673019A (en) * 2004-03-27 2005-09-28 现代自动车株式会社 System and method for disassembling scrapped vehicle
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107512327A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-26 广州科生环保科技有限公司 A kind of abandoned car disassembles recycling technique
CN111687174A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-09-22 中铁物总资源科技有限公司 Automatic disassembly process method and device for railway scrapped wagon carriage
CN111687174B (en) * 2020-06-10 2021-07-20 中铁物总资源科技有限公司 Automatic disassembly process method and device for railway scrapped wagon carriage
CN112238914A (en) * 2020-09-23 2021-01-19 中铁物总资源科技有限公司 Method for separating railway waste vehicle carriage body from bogie
CN113084742A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-07-09 东海县浩泉再生资源有限公司 Method for cleaning and disassembling rear axle of waste automobile
CN113617791A (en) * 2021-07-19 2021-11-09 安徽工业大学 Intelligent integral disassembling and recycling method for waste two-wheel electric vehicle

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Application publication date: 20151104