CN105015512B - Vehicle rotary device and automobile - Google PatentsVehicle rotary device and automobile Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN105015512B CN105015512B CN201510522620.6A CN201510522620A CN105015512B CN 105015512 B CN105015512 B CN 105015512B CN 201510522620 A CN201510522620 A CN 201510522620A CN 105015512 B CN105015512 B CN 105015512B
- Prior art keywords
- swivel plate
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- Expired - Fee Related
- 230000005540 biological transmission Effects 0.000 claims abstract description 18
- 238000006243 chemical reaction Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 9
- 210000002683 Foot Anatomy 0.000 claims description 13
- 230000005484 gravity Effects 0.000 claims description 6
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 claims description 5
- 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 claims description 3
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 claims description 3
- 239000010959 steel Substances 0.000 claims description 3
- 239000007788 liquid Substances 0.000 claims 1
- 238000011065 in-situ storage Methods 0.000 abstract description 5
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000004048 modification Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000006011 modification reaction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000001737 promoting Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000000926 separation method Methods 0.000 description 1
The invention discloses a kind of vehicle rotary device, including pedestal, swivel plate and transmission device, swivel plate is located above pedestal, and transmission device promotes swivel plate around 360 ° of rotations of pedestal.Present invention could apply on automobile, when the present invention is arranged on automobile, because pedestal is connected with swivel plate, when being pushed to certain distance, pedestal is touched with ground, pedestal has upward reaction force to swivel plate, and swivel plate is connected with hydraulic means, automobile can be held up using reaction force, simultaneously, transmission device promotes swivel plate to rotate and (can be rotated to 360 ° of any directions), hydraulic means is connected with swivel plate and without rotating against, therefore, hydraulic means is also accordingly rotated, hydraulic means is fixedly mounted on car body again, therefore, finally, car body be able to can also be rotated to 360 ° of any directions.The car body direction of automobile can be adjusted in situ, so that automobile is smoothly outputed from some places that can not be outputed.
The present invention relates to a kind of vehicle rotary device, moreover, it relates to a kind of automobile.
Automobile is traditional vehicles, is convenient for people to go off daily, and automobile in use, often runs into Problem, for example：1. being trapped in mud pit, wheel can produce skidding in mud pit, be difficult often to run out therefrom；2. It is clipped in the middle by two cars, situations such as leading to not to output therefrom etc.；3. the roads such as township road are narrow, it is impossible to pivot turn, need Far place u-turn is gone to return.These situations are all due to that the car body of vehicle can not in situ be rotated and caused.
The content of the invention
Present invention aims at a kind of vehicle rotary device is provided, to solve at least one in above-mentioned technical problem, together When present invention also offers a kind of automobile.
According to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a kind of vehicle rotary device, including pedestal, swivel plate and transmission dress Put, swivel plate is located above pedestal, transmission device promotes swivel plate around 360 ° of rotations of pedestal.
Present invention could apply on automobile, when the present invention is arranged on automobile, because pedestal is connected with swivel plate, By the original hydraulic means of automobile (such as：Hydraulic cylinder) output shaft, or increased external hydraulic device output shaft, can be with Swivel plate is promoted to move downward but can not rotate against, when being pushed to certain distance, pedestal is touched with ground, again downwards When promoting swivel plate, pedestal has upward reaction force to swivel plate, and swivel plate is connected with hydraulic means, utilizes reaction force Automobile can be held up, meanwhile, transmission device promotes swivel plate to rotate (can to 360 ° any directions rotate), hydraulic means with Swivel plate is connected and without rotating against, and therefore, hydraulic means is also accordingly rotated, and hydraulic means is fixedly mounted on car body again, because This, finally, car body be able to can also be rotated to 360 ° of any directions.The car body direction of automobile can be adjusted in situ, So that automobile is smoothly outputed from some places that can not be outputed.
For example：1. automobile is by when automobile is clipped in the middle two-by-two, it is only necessary to which being by 90 ° of directions of car body adjustment can be from it In exit.
2. it is trapped in mud pit, it is only necessary to which car body is adjusted into suitable angle.
3. it is narrow in roads such as township roads, it is impossible to during pivot turn, it is only necessary to car body to be adjusted 180 ° or so, you can to cause Automobile automobile is reversely outputed.
In some embodiments, in addition to hydraulic means, output shaft one end of hydraulic means is located on swivel plate, is exported Axle promotes swivel plate linear motion.Thus, hydraulic means is independently of the device outside the hydraulic means of automobile, can promote rotation Flap moves along a straight line and (moved up and down).
In some embodiments, in addition to positioning bearing, positioning bearing is raised provided with a circle, positions one end of bearing Through swivel plate and the center of pedestal is located at, the positioning bearing other end stretches out swivel plate, and projection withstands swivel plate, transmission device Swivel plate is promoted to be rotated around positioning bearing and pedestal.Thus, position bearing, on the central shaft of pedestal, play top power and The effect of centering, i.e.,：Positioning bearing can play a part of connection swivel plate and pedestal so that hydraulic means promote swivel plate to During lower motion, pedestal is also moved accordingly, meanwhile, when automobile is lifted up, the projection of positioning bearing also acts as support swivel plate Effect, and position bearing and can also play a part of positioning so that transmission device promote swivel plate around positioning bearing and Pedestal is rotated.
In some embodiments, transmission device includes internal gear, external gear and power set, and pedestal is provided with internal tooth Wheel, swivel plate is provided with the external gear being meshed with internal gear, is additionally provided with power set on swivel plate, power set by turn Axle drives external gear to rotate, and it is dynamic that external gear drives swivel plate to be forwarded around locating shaft.Thus, power set can be motor, Or hydraulic gear pump, power set are by rotating shaft drive external gear rotation, and external gear with internal gear due to engaging, and external gear One is fixed on swivel plate, therefore, when external gear is rotated, can rotate, that is to say along internal gear together with swivel plate Swivel plate is rotated around pedestal, and swivel plate can be rotated by hydraulic means band motor vehicles bodies again.
In some embodiments, ball, rotation are provided with the ball hole that internal gear is uniformly arranged provided with a circle, ball hole Flap covers ball so that ball is located between swivel plate and internal gear.Thus, the presence of ball can reduce swivel plate rotation When coefficient of friction.
In some embodiments, the lower section of pedestal is provided with least three support feets.Thus, support feet can be using elasticity Steel material is made, and can cause the uniform force of each position of pedestal so that car body more smoothly rises.
In some embodiments, in addition at least four clamping buttons, clamping button is u-shaped, and four clamping buttons block rotation Flap and pedestal.Thus, four clamping buttons can cause swivel plate and pedestal to turn into an entirety, prevent due to swivel plate stress It is uneven and tilt.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of automobile, vehicle rotary device and car body, vehicle rotary dress are also disclosed It is set in below body gravity.
The automobile of the present invention need not be by outside instrument, it is possible to realize that the in situ 360 ° of directions of car body are rotated, In the case that some can not start, it is only necessary to which can just automobile be outputed by adjusting the direction of car body, convenient and practical.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the vehicle rotary device of one embodiment of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the swivel plate of vehicle rotary device shown in Fig. 1 and the structural representation of base-separation；
Fig. 3 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of the swivel plate of vehicle rotary device and external gear shown in Fig. 1.
The present invention is further detailed explanation with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1~Fig. 3 schematically shows the structure of the vehicle rotary device of one embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in FIG. 1 to 3, a kind of vehicle rotary device, including pedestal 1, swivel plate 2 and transmission device.Swivel plate 2 can To be rotated around pedestal 1.
A kind of automobile (not shown), including car body and vehicle rotary device are located at, vehicle rotary device is fixed on vapour Below the center of gravity of car car body.Generally, due to which the space below car body is limited, the upper end of swivel plate 2 can be connected automobile Existing hydraulic means, by being reequiped to existing automobile hydraulic device so that the output shaft of hydraulic means is set to four, The lower end of four output shafts is evenly distributed on swivel plate 2, certainly, can also be external if the space below car body is sufficiently large One hydraulic means, hydraulic means is arranged on below body gravity.
The vehicle rotary device of the present invention is as follows using process and use principle：When automobile can not be outputed by normally travel When, start hydraulic means, the output shaft of hydraulic means is fixedly connected with swivel plate 2, output shaft promotes swivel plate 2 and pedestal 1 Move downward, behind the contact of pedestal 1 ground, hydraulic means continues to press on pedestal 1 and moved downward, under the reaction force of pedestal, car Body starts upward motion, until car body is left behind ground completely, transmission device begins through swivel plate 2 and turned with motor vehicles bodies It is dynamic, turn to suitable position.Now, then by hydraulic means car body is slowly put down, packs up swivel plate 2 and pedestal 1, returned Original position is arrived again.
As shown in Fig. 2, the center of pedestal 1 is welded with a positioning bearing 12, and the upper end of positioning bearing 12 is worn Cross on swivel plate 2, positioning bearing 12 and form a circle projection 121, projection 121 can withstand swivel plate 2, therefore, pass through transmission The gearing of device, swivel plate 2 can be rotated around pedestal 1 and positioning bearing 12.
The principle that transmission device concrete structure and transmission device drive swivel plate 2 to rotate is as follows, as shown in Fig. 3, in base The top of seat 1 is installed and fixes an internal gear 3, is installed in the center side of swivel plate 2 and is fixed an external gear 4, external gear 4 with Internal gear 3 is meshed, meanwhile, rotated in order that obtaining external gear 4 around internal gear 3, a rotating shaft 21, rotating shaft 21 can be set up One end through swivel plate 2 and being fixed on external gear 4.Simultaneously a power set are connected in the other end of rotating shaft 21 (such as： Motor, hydraulic press etc., not shown), power set can be fixedly mounted on swivel plate 2, and power set can drive rotating shaft 21 Rotate so that rotating shaft 21 drives external gear 4 to be rotated around internal gear 3, and external gear 4 is fixedly connected with swivel plate 2, can be made Obtain swivel plate 2 to rotate, that is to say that swivel plate 2 can be rotated around pedestal 1.The output shaft of swivel plate 2 and hydraulic means is Connection, and have no and rotate against between swivel plate 2 and hydraulic means, therefore swivel plate 2 can drive hydraulic means together Rotate, and hydraulic means is fixed on car body, car body may finally also be rotated.Therefore, car body can enter in situ 360 ° of rotations of row.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, four clamping buttons 13 are evenly distributed on swivel plate 2, and clamping button 13 is u-shaped, U-shaped The downside of clamping button 13 be fastened on pedestal 1, upside is located at the top of swivel plate 2, the upside of clamping button 13 and swivel plate 2 it Between gap very little, when clamping button 13 can prevent 2 discontinuity of swivel plate, produce partially move.
As shown in Fig. 2 being mounted with support feet 11 in the lower section of pedestal 1, support feet 11 is preferred to use resilient steel material It is made, when vehicle rotary device is used for into automobile, due to the possible out-of-flatness in road surface immediately below pedestal 1, if do not supported During pin 11, and if cause automobile not rise steadily, and increase elasticity support feet 11 after, balance each point power, make Automobile balance is obtained to rise.Generally, the quantity of support feet 11 is preferably 12, is evenly distributed on pedestal 1.
As shown in Fig. 2 when the vehicle rotary device work of the present invention, swivel plate 2 can rotate with internal gear 3, because This, in order to reduce the frictional force in rotation process, can increase ball hole 31, ball in the contact position of internal gear 3 and swivel plate 2 Ball is placed in hole 31, swivel plate 2 is relatively rotated by ball with internal gear 3.
The specific operation principle of automobile and use process of the present invention is as follows：There is the situation described in background technology in automobile Or other are when needing the situation of spot turn, first, start the hydraulic means (such as hydraulic cylinder) immediately below body gravity, hydraulic pressure Cylinder promotes the swivel plate 2 of vehicle rotary device to move downward by output shaft so that support feet 11 is contacted with ground, works as promotion During to certain distance, the support feet 11 of pedestal 1 lands, hereafter, and hydraulic cylinder continues to press on swivel plate 2 downwards, and pedestal 1 is not due to can Move downward, have a upward reaction force by the 121 pairs of swivel plates 2 of projection positioned on bearing 12, and swivel plate 2 and hydraulic pressure Cylinder is connected, and hydraulic cylinder will be by upward reaction force, so that car body picking-up be come so that car body is hanging.Now, automobile It is fixed on power set on swivel plate 2 (such as：Motor or hydraulic press) start, power set drive external tooth by rotating shaft 21 Wheel 4 is rotated, and external gear 4 with internal gear 3 due to engaging, and external gear 4 and swivel plate 2 are fixed on one, and external gear 4 can be with Rotated together along internal gear 3 with swivel plate 2, that is to say and rotated around pedestal 1.And during the rotation of swivel plate 2, due to swivel plate 2, which are connected with hydraulic cylinder and are had no between swivel plate 2 and hydraulic cylinder, rotates against, thus swivel plate 2 can drive hydraulic cylinder to turn Dynamic, hydraulic cylinder is fixed on car body, and final band motor vehicles bodies are rotated.Suitable position is turned to, car body is put down by hydraulic cylinder, Vehicle rotary device returns back to original position, and starting automobile can be with so that automobile be smoothly outputed.
Car body can be rotated with 360 ° of original place any direction in said process.Suitable angle can be selected so that vapour Car is exited from the section that can not be turned around and can not travel.
The above is only some embodiments of the present invention.For the person of ordinary skill of the art, do not departing from On the premise of the invention is conceived, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to protection scope of the present invention.
1. vehicle rotary device, it is characterised in that including pedestal (1), swivel plate (2), positioning bearing (12), transmission device and four Individual clamping button (13), the swivel plate (2) is located above the pedestal (1), the transmission device promote the swivel plate (2) around (1) 360 ° of rotation of pedestal, the positioning bearing (12) is raised (121) provided with a circle, one end of the positioning bearing (12) Through swivel plate (2) and the center of the pedestal (1) is located at, positioning bearing (12) other end stretches out the swivel plate (2), raised (121) withstand the swivel plate (2), and the transmission device promotes the swivel plate (2) around positioning bearing (12) rotated with pedestal (1), the transmission device is included on internal gear (3), external gear (4) and power set, the pedestal (1) Provided with internal gear (3), the swivel plate (2) provided with the external gear (4) being meshed with the internal gear (3), the rotation Power set are additionally provided with plate (2), the power set drive the external gear (4) to rotate by rotating shaft (21), the external tooth Taking turns (4) drives the swivel plate (2) to be rotated around positioning bearing (12),
Ball is provided with the ball hole (31) that the internal gear (3) is uniformly arranged provided with a circle, the ball hole (31), it is described Swivel plate (2) covers the ball so that the ball is located between the swivel plate (2) and internal gear (3),
Support feet (11) is mounted with below pedestal (1), support feet (11) is made of resilient steel material, to cause base The uniform force of each position of seat so that car body more smoothly rises, and the power set are fixedly mounted on swivel plate (2) On,
The clamping button (13) is u-shaped, and four clamping buttons (13) block the swivel plate (2) and pedestal (1),
It is as follows using process：First, the hydraulic cylinder immediately below exterior body center of gravity is started, hydraulic cylinder is promoted by output shaft to be rotated Plate (2) is moved downward so that support feet (11) is contacted with ground, and the support feet (11) of pedestal (1) lands,
Hereafter, hydraulic cylinder continues to press on swivel plate (2) downwards, and pedestal (1) is due to that can not move downward, by positioning bearing (12) On projection (121) have upward reaction force to swivel plate (2), and swivel plate (2) is connected with hydraulic cylinder, and hydraulic cylinder is just Can be by upward reaction force, so that car body picking-up be come so that car body is hanging, and now, automobile is fixed on swivel plate (2) Power set start, power set by rotating shaft (21) drive external gear (4) rotate, external gear (4) due to internal gear (3) Engagement, and external gear (4) is fixed on one with swivel plate (2), and external gear (4) can be with swivel plate (2) together along interior Gear (3) is rotated, and be that is to say and is rotated around pedestal (1),
When the swivel plate (2) rotates, swivel plate (2) is connected with hydraulic cylinder and swivel plate (2) has no phase between hydraulic cylinder To rotation, the swivel plate (2) drives hydraulic cylinder to rotate, and hydraulic cylinder is fixed on car body, and band motor vehicles bodies are rotated, and then pass through liquid Cylinder pressure puts down car body, and vehicle rotary device returns back to original position, starts automobile with so that automobile is smoothly outputed.
2. vehicle rotary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including hydraulic means, the hydraulic means Output shaft one end be located on the swivel plate (2), output shaft promotes the swivel plate (2) linear motion.
3. vehicle rotary device according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the lower section of the pedestal (1) is provided with least Three support feets (11).
4. a kind of automobile, including car body, it is characterised in that also filled including vehicle rotary according to any one of claims 1 to 3 Put, the vehicle rotary device is located at below the body gravity.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201510522620.6A CN105015512B (en)||2015-08-24||2015-08-24||Vehicle rotary device and automobile|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201510522620.6A CN105015512B (en)||2015-08-24||2015-08-24||Vehicle rotary device and automobile|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN105015512A CN105015512A (en)||2015-11-04|
|CN105015512B true CN105015512B (en)||2017-08-08|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201510522620.6A Expired - Fee Related CN105015512B (en)||2015-08-24||2015-08-24||Vehicle rotary device and automobile|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN105015512B (en)|
Families Citing this family (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN109552421A (en) *||2017-09-26||2019-04-02||吴庆柯||A kind of 360 degree of traveling multiwheel vehicles in no dead angle|
Family Cites Families (5)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US5639065A (en) *||1995-09-18||1997-06-17||Lin; Ching-Chung||Vehicle jack|
|CN101823474A (en) *||2009-04-03||2010-09-08||杜鹏||Automobile self-rescue unit|
|CN201660020U (en) *||2009-12-08||2010-12-01||曹同禄||Integral automobile rotator|
|CN103434498B (en) *||2013-08-22||2016-08-17||泉州迪特工业产品设计有限公司||A kind of automobile is with supporting transfer|
|CN104802769A (en) *||2015-05-22||2015-07-29||陈烁||In-situ steering automotive chassis|
- 2015-08-24 CN CN201510522620.6A patent/CN105015512B/en not_active Expired - Fee Related
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|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee||
Granted publication date: 20170808
Termination date: 20180824
|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee|