CN104997538A - Surgical stitching instrument - Google Patents

Surgical stitching instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104997538A
CN104997538A CN201510443015.XA CN201510443015A CN104997538A CN 104997538 A CN104997538 A CN 104997538A CN 201510443015 A CN201510443015 A CN 201510443015A CN 104997538 A CN104997538 A CN 104997538A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hollow tube
axial
needle
hole
guide
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510443015.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄潇莹
Original Assignee
爱微捷成都医疗科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510443015.XA priority Critical patent/CN104997538A/en
Publication of CN104997538A publication Critical patent/CN104997538A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0469Suturing instruments for use in minimally invasive surgery, e.g. endoscopic surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0482Needle or suture guides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0483Hand-held instruments for holding sutures
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0485Devices or means, e.g. loops, for capturing the suture thread and threading it through an opening of a suturing instrument or needle eyelet
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0491Sewing machines for surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B2017/564Methods for bone or joint treatment

Abstract

The invention discloses a surgical stitching instrument involving: a guiding needle and a hollow tube, wherein the guiding needle is constrained inside the hollow tube. The inner wall of the hollow tube fits the outer wall of the guiding needle. The guiding needle is hollow. The materials of the guiding needle are high elastic materials. The guiding needle has an edge on the front end thereof and also has a front section which assumes an arc shape in a non-constrained status. The surgical stitching instrument of the invention enables fast stitching of tissue or implants, and is simple to operate and excellent in stitching effect.

Description

一种医用缝合器 A medical stapler

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种医疗器械,尤其涉及一种医用缝合器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a medical instrument, particularly to a medical stapler.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 微创手术因其手术创面小、出血量少、患者恢复快的特点,越来越多地被临床采用。 [0002] minimally invasive surgery because of its small surgical wound, less bleeding, faster recovery of the patient characteristics, clinical increasingly being adopted. 但微创手术因需要在一个狭窄的手术空间,借助各种手术器械,完成一系列复杂的手术操作,对手术医师提出了更高的要求,临床也更迫切地需要开发适宜微创手术的器械。 However, minimally invasive surgery because of the need of surgery in a narrow space, with a variety of surgical instruments, the completion of a series of complex surgical procedure, the surgeon raised to a higher demand, an urgent clinical need to develop more suitable for minimally invasive surgical instruments .

[0003] 采用椎间盘镜技术对椎间盘突出患者行椎间盘摘除手术是目前脊柱微创外科中的常见手术。 [0003] The intervertebral disc mirror technology on-line disc removal surgery in patients with disc herniation is a common minimally invasive spine surgery currently Surgery. 手术时需要在纤维环上切口,将病变髓核摘除,以消除椎间盘突出症状。 It requires surgery on annulotomies, lesion discectomy to remove the disc symptoms. 由于椎间盘镜的手术通道为一个狭长通道(通道常用规格为直径1.8cm、长12cm左右),显然,髓核摘除后医生根本无法利用普通器械在如此狭小的套管内持针对纤维环加以缝合,这导致部分患者术后复发,也一定程度限制了椎间盘镜在脊柱微创外科的应用。 Because discectomy for the operative corridor to a narrow channel (common channel with a diameter of 1.8cm, length of about 12cm), apparently after discectomy doctors can not use ordinary equipment support for the annulus to be sutured in such a small casing, this lead to recurrence in some patients, but also to some extent limit the application of intervertebral disc endoscope minimally invasive surgery of the spine.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明旨在提供一种医用缝合器,可快速完成椎间盘镜手术后纤维环的缝合操作,产品结构简单,操作方便,缝合效果好。 [0004] The present invention aims to provide a medical stapler can be done quickly after discectomy annulus sewing operation, product structure is simple, easy to operate, stitching effect.

[0005] 为达到上述目的,本发明是采用以下技术方案实现的: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

[0006] 本发明公开的医用缝合器,包括导引针、中空管,所述导引针被约束在中空管内,所述中空管内壁与导引针外壁适配,导引针中空,导引针的材质为高弹性材料,导引针前端开刃,导引针前段在非约束状态时为弧形。 [0006] The present invention disclosed a medical stapler, comprising a guide needle, a hollow tube, the introducer needle is confined within the hollow tube, the hollow tube and the inner wall of the outer wall of the needle guide adapted to guide a hollow needle, the guide pin is made of elastomeric material, when the introducer needle distal end opening edge, the needle guide in a non-constrained state preceding an arc.

[0007] 本发明的工作原理如下:使用前导引针在中空管内,使用时将导引针送出并进入组织,导引针脱离约束后恢复成圆弧形并从待缝合的另一侧组织中穿出,然后将缝线从导引针一端进入,沿导引针内孔从另一端穿出,固定住缝线端头后将导引针逆向退出,缝线留在组织内,将缝线两个线头打结,完成缝合。 [0007] The working principle of the present invention is as follows: prior to use the guide pins within the hollow tube, when using the introducer needle out and into the tissue, an arc-shaped guide needle after recovery from constraint from the other side and the tissue to be stapled in piercing, the suture then enters the introducer needle from one end from the other end along the guide hole piercing needle, the suture will hold the head end of the guide needle exits the reverse, leaving the suture within the tissue, the seam line two thread knotted to complete the suture.

[0008] 进一步的,所述中空管后端连接活塞腔,所述活塞腔配有推杆,活塞腔前端设有轴向通孔A,推杆设有轴向通孔B,所述轴向通孔A、轴向通孔B、中空管轴线重合,所述导引针后端连接推杆。 [0008] Further, the rear end of the hollow tube connected to the piston chamber, a piston chamber with a plunger, the front end of the piston chamber is provided with an axial through hole A, the push rod is provided with axial through hole B, the shaft the through-hole A, B axial through hole, coincides with the axis of the hollow tube, the plunger guide pin rear end is connected. 可通过推杆推出导引针,使用时,中空管的前端抵近待缝合组织,按动推杆将导引针向前推出。 Introducer needle may be introduced through the plunger, in use, the front end of the hollow tube at or near the tissue to be sutured, the guide pins press the plunger forward launch.

[0009] 进一步的,本发明还包括针芯,所述针芯与导引针内壁适配,针芯前段、导引针I前段在非约束状态时的形态与相同。 [0009] Further, the present invention further comprises a needle shaft, said needle guide core and the inner wall of the needle fitting, the pre-stage of the core pin, the guide pin in the form of pre-stage I non-constrained state of the same. 增加针芯的效果在于,导引针可以获得更大的穿刺力和更好的穿刺稳定性,减小穿刺阻力,减小穿刺过程对组织的损伤。 The core has the effect that increased needle guide needle may puncture force greater stability and better puncture, the puncture resistance is reduced, reducing the damage to the tissue lancing process.

[0010] 优选的,所述中空管的前端开刃。 [0010] Preferably, the distal end of the hollow tube open edge. 适用于待缝合组织一侧表层组织较厚时使用,中空管采用比导引针刚度和强度更大的材料制成,使用时,采用活塞腔前端刺穿较厚的表层组织。 Suitable for use when thicker tissue to be sutured tissue surface side of the hollow tube with the introducer needle larger than stiffness and strength material, in use, the front end of the piston chamber using a thicker skin piercing tissue.

[0011] 优选的,所述中空管、轴向通孔A、轴向通孔B均有两个,至少一个中空管中有导引针;其中一种优选方式:导引针有一个,导引针被约束在其中一个中空管中,在非约束状态下,导引针的圆弧跨度等于两个轴向通孔A之间的距离。 [0011] Preferably, the hollow tube, an axial through-holes A, B has two axial through hole, the at least one hollow tube with a guide needle; wherein a preferred embodiment: there is a guide pin , wherein the guide needle is constrained to a hollow tube in a non-constrained state, the guide pin arcuate span two axial through equal distance between the holes a. 适用于待缝合组织的两侧表层组织均较厚时使用。 Use both sides of tissue to be sutured skin tissue are thicker apply. 使用时,两个中空管分别刺穿待缝合组织的两侧表层组织,导引针从轴向通孔A和中空管中穿出后与另一个中空管对接形成完整贯通的缝线通道。 In use, the two sides of the hollow tubes pierce the surface of the tissue to be sutured tissue, the introducer needle after piercing the axial through hole and the hollow tube A through a complete hollow tube suture with another abutment aisle. 另一种优选方式:所述导引针有两个,分别被约束在两个中空管中,在非约束状态下,两个导引针对接后的圆弧跨度等于两个轴向通孔A之间的距离。 Another preferred embodiment: the two guide pins, are confined in two hollow tubes, in a non-constrained state, the two arc guide for bonding two span equal to the axial through hole distance between a. 适用于待缝合组织的两侧表层组织均较厚时使用,使用时,两个中空管分别刺穿待缝合组织的两侧表层组织,两根导引针分别从两个轴向通孔A和中空管中穿出后在两个中空管之间对接形成完整贯通的缝线通道。 Applies to both sides of the tissue to be sutured tissue surface were used thick, in use, on both sides of two hollow tubes pierce the tissue to be sutured tissue surface, two guide pins, respectively, from two axial through hole A after piercing the abutment and the hollow tube to form a complete suture passage through the hollow tube between the two.

[0012] 进一步的,所述中空管前端为斜口,两个中空管的斜口相对。 [0012] Further, the front end of the hollow tube is beveled, bevel two opposite hollow tube. 有利于导引针与对侧中空管的对接或两根导弓I针的对接。 Facilitate docking docked or two I bow guide pin introducer needle contralateral hollow tube.

[0013] 优选的,所述轴向通孔A、轴向通孔B均有两个,所述中空管与其中一个轴向通孔A同轴,另一个轴向通孔A的前端开口为喇叭口。 [0013] Preferably, the axial through hole A, B has two axial through hole, wherein the distal end of the hollow tube with an axial through hole coaxial with A, the other axial opening of the through hole A for the bell. 在非约束状态下,导引针的圆弧跨度等于两个轴向通孔A之间的距离,导引针安装在前端开刃的活塞腔中,导引针被推出后其前端与喇叭口对接形成缝线通道。 In the non-constrained state, the needle guide span an arc equal to the distance between the two axial through hole A, the guide pin mounted on the front end opening edge of the piston chamber, the introducer needle is pushed after the tip of the bell mouth mating the suture channel is formed.

[0014] 优选的,所述导引针的材质为记忆合金。 [0014] Preferably, the guide pin is made of shape memory alloy. 最好选择在常温下处于已发生相转变的超弹态的记忆合金。 Memory alloy has the best choice in the phase transition occurs superelastic state at room temperature.

[0015] 进一步的,所述活塞腔后端设有向外的凸缘,所述推杆后端设有推柄。 [0015] Further, the rear end of said piston chamber is provided with an outward flange, the rear end of the push rod is provided with a push handle. 方便操作。 Easy to operate.

[0016] 进一步的,本发明还包括缝线,所述缝线为单股缝线或前端做刚度加强处理的多股编织缝线。 [0016] Further, the present invention further comprises a suture, the suture strands do stiffening braided sutures treated distal sutures or single-stranded.

[0017] 本发明可快速完成椎间盘镜手术后纤维环的缝合操作,产品结构简单,操作方便,缝合效果好。 After the [0017] present invention may be simple and quick to complete discectomy annulus sewing operation, the product structure, easy to operate, stitching effect. 当然,本发明也可用于其他微创手术的缝合操作。 Of course, the present invention can also be used for other minimally invasive surgery stitching operation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 图1为实施例1的结构示意图; [0018] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment;

[0019] 图2为实施例2的方式I的结构示意图; [0019] FIG. 2 is a schematic configuration example 2 of the embodiment I;

[0020] 图3为实施例2的方式2的结构示意图; [0020] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of Example 2 of the embodiment 2;

[0021 ] 图4为实施例2的方式3的结构示意图; [0021] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of Example 3 of the embodiment 2;

[0022] 图中:1-导引针、2-活塞腔、3-缝线、4-推杆、5-中空管、6-喇叭口。 [0022] Numerals 1: guide pin, 2- piston chamber, the suture 3-, 4- ram, the hollow tube 5-, 6- flare.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0023] 为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0023] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention will be further described in detail.

[0024] 实施例1 [0024] Example 1

[0025] 如图1所示,本实施例包括导引针1、中空管5,导引针I被约束在中空管5内,中空管5内壁与导引针I外壁适配,导引针I中空,导引针I的材质为高弹性材料,优选为记忆合金,最好选择在常温下处于已发生相转变的超弹态的记忆合金;导引针I前端开刃,导引针I前段在非约束状态时为弧形,最好为圆弧形,导引针I在中空管5内为直线或接近直线。 [0025] 1, the present embodiment includes an introducer needle, hollow tube 5, the guide pin I is constrained within the hollow tube 5, the inner wall of the hollow tube 5 and an outer wall adapted to guide the needle I, I hollow introducer needle, a guide needle I is made of elastomeric material, preferably a shape memory alloy, shape memory alloy has the best choice in the phase transition occurs superelastic state at room temperature; I introducer needle distal open edge, the guide pre-stage I lead pin is arcuate in the non-constrained state, preferably an arc-shaped guide tube within the hollow needle I 5 a linear or nearly linear.

[0026] 进一步的,中空管5后端连接活塞腔5,活塞腔2配有推杆4,活塞腔2前端设有轴向通孔A,推杆4设有轴向通孔B,轴向通孔A、轴向通孔B、中空管5的轴线重合,导引针I后端连接推杆4。 [0026] Further, the rear end of the hollow tube 5 connected to the piston chamber 5, the push rod 2 is provided with the piston chamber 4, the front end of the piston chamber 2 provided with an axial through hole A, the push rod 4 provided with an axial through hole B, the shaft axis coincides with the through-hole a, B axial through hole, the hollow tube 5, the guide pin connected to the rear end of the push rod 4 I. 活塞腔2后端设有向外的凸缘,推杆4后端设有推柄。 The rear end of the piston chamber 2 is provided with an outward flange, the rear end of the push rod 4 is provided with a push handle.

[0027] 更进一步的,本实施例还包括针芯,针芯与导引针I内壁适配,针芯前段、导引针I前段在非约束状态时的形态与相同,针芯材质优选与导引针I材质相同。 [0027] Still further, the present embodiment further includes a core needle, the needle guide core and the inner wall of the needle I adapted preceding core needle, introducer needle shape at the pre-stage I non-constrained state of the same, with the needle core material preferably I made the same introducer needle.

[0028] 进一步的,中空管5的前端开刃。 [0028] Further, the front end opening edge of the hollow tube 5.

[0029] 本实施例还包括缝线3,缝线3可采用单股线,也可以采用多股编织缝线,采用多股编织缝线时,其前端需要做刚度增强处理。 [0029] The present embodiment 3 further comprising a suture, the suture can be a single strand 3, may also be employed a plurality of braided sutures, multi-strand braided suture time, to do the front end processing to enhance stiffness.

[0030] 实施例2 [0030] Example 2

[0031] 本实施例与实施例1的不同之处在于:本实施例的轴向通孔A、轴向通孔B均有两个,可有以下三种结构方式: [0031] The present embodiment is different from Example 1 in that: an axial through-hole of Example A of the present embodiment, B has two axial through hole, the structure can have the following three ways:

[0032] 方式I如图2所示,中空管5有一个,导引针I有一根,中空管5前端开刃,中空管5与其中一个轴向通孔A同轴,导引针I被约束在中空管5及与其同轴的轴向通孔A中,另一个轴向通孔A的前端开口为喇叭口6。 [0032] I embodiment shown in Figure 2, a hollow tube 5, I have a guide pin, the distal end of the hollow tube open edge 5, wherein the hollow tube 5 with an axial through hole A coaxial guide I hollow needle tube 5 is constrained and coaxial with an axial through hole a, the other axial front end opening of the through hole a bell mouth 6.

[0033] 方式2如图3所示,中空管5有两个,导引针I有一根,导引针I被约束在其中一个中空管5及与其同轴的轴向通孔A中。 [0033] The embodiment shown in FIG. 2, 3 has two hollow tube 5, I have a guide pin, the guide pin I which is constrained to a hollow tube 5 and coaxial with an axial through hole A, .

[0034] 方式3如图4所述,中空管5有两个,导引针I有两根,两根导引针I分别被约束在两个中空管5中及与其同轴的轴向通孔A,两个中空管5的前端为斜口,两个中空管5的斜口相对。 [0034] FIG. 3 of the embodiment 4, there are two hollow tube 5, I have two guide pins, two guide pins are constrained in the I axes of the two hollow tube 5 and is coaxial therewith the through-hole a, the front end of the hollow tube 5 is two port helical, bevel two hollow tube 5 opposite.

[0035] 本实施例的其他部分与实施例1相同,故不赘述。 [0035] The present embodiment is the same as in Example 1 with the other parts, it is not described herein.

[0036]当然,本发明还可有其它多种实施例,在不背离本发明精神及其实质的情况下,熟悉本领域的技术人员可根据本发明作出各种相应的改变和变形,但这些相应的改变和变形都应属于本发明所附的权利要求的保护范围。 [0036] Of course, the present invention may have a variety of other embodiments, without departing from the spirit and essence of the present invention, those skilled in the art can make various corresponding modifications and variations according to the present invention, but these corresponding modifications and variations shall fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1.一种医用缝合器,其特征在于:包括导引针、中空管,所述导引针被约束在中空管内,所述中空管内壁与导引针外壁适配,导引针中空,导引针的材质为高弹性材料,导引针前端开刃,导引针前段在非约束状态时为弧形。 1. A medical suturing device comprising: a needle guide, a hollow tube, the introducer needle is confined within the hollow tube, the hollow tube and the inner wall of the outer wall of the needle guide adapted to guide the hollow needle the guide pin is made of elastomeric material, when the introducer needle distal end opening edge, the needle guide in a non-constrained state preceding an arc.
2.根据权利要求1所述的医用缝合器,其特征在于:所述中空管后端连接活塞腔,所述活塞腔配有推杆,活塞腔前端设有轴向通孔A,推杆设有轴向通孔B,所述轴向通孔A、轴向通孔B、中空管的轴线重合,所述导引针后端连接推杆。 The medical stapler according to claim 1, wherein: said hollow tube connected to the rear end of the piston chamber, a piston chamber with a plunger, the front end of the piston chamber is provided with an axial through hole A, the push rod an axial through-B, the axial through hole coincides with the axis a, B axial through hole, a hollow tube, said plunger connected to the rear end of the guide pin.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的医用缝合器,其特征在于:还包括针芯,所述针芯与导引针内壁适配,针芯前段、导引针前段在非约束状态时的形态相同。 The medical stapler according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that: the core further comprises a needle, said needle guide core and the inner wall of the needle fitting, the pre-stage of the core pin, the guide pin when the preceding non-constrained state, the same form.
4.根据权利要求2所述的医用缝合器,其特征在于:所述中空管的前端开刃。 The medical stapler according to claim 2, wherein: the distal end of the hollow tube open edge.
5.根据权利要求4所述的医用缝合器,其特征在于:所述中空管、轴向通孔A、轴向通孔B均有两个,至少一个中空管中有导引针。 The medical stapler according to claim 4, wherein: said hollow tube, axial through hole A, B has two axial through hole, the at least one hollow tube with a guiding needle.
6.根据权利要求5所述的医用缝合器,其特征在于:所述中空管的前端为斜口,两个中空管的斜口相对。 The medical stapler according to claim 5, wherein: the front end of the hollow tube is beveled, bevel two opposite hollow tube.
7.根据权利要求4所述的医用缝合器,其特征在于:所述轴向通孔A、轴向通孔B均有两个,所述中空管与其中一个轴向通孔A同轴,另一个轴向通孔A的前端开口为喇叭口。 The medical stapler according to claim 4, wherein: said axial through hole A, B has two axial through hole, wherein the hollow tube with an axial through hole coaxially A , the other front end opening of the axial through hole a bell mouth.
8.根据权利要求1或2所述的医用缝合器,其特征在于:所述导引针的材质为记忆合金。 The medical stapler according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that: the guide pin is made of shape memory alloy.
9.根据权利要求2所述的医用缝合器,其特征在于:所述活塞腔后端设有向外的凸缘,所述推杆后端设有推柄。 The medical stapler according to claim claim 2, wherein: the rear end of said piston chamber is provided with an outward flange, the rear end of the push rod is provided with a push handle.
10.根据权利要求1或2所述的医用缝合器,其特征在于:还包括缝线,所述缝线为单股缝线或前端做刚度加强处理的多股编织缝线。 The medical stapler according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that: further comprising a suture, the suture strands do stiffening braided sutures treated distal sutures or single-stranded.
CN201510443015.XA 2015-07-24 2015-07-24 Surgical stitching instrument CN104997538A (en)

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