CN104991404B - Picture camera lens big or middle moves axle and waves technology switching device - Google Patents

Picture camera lens big or middle moves axle and waves technology switching device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104991404B
CN104991404B CN201510448249.3A CN201510448249A CN104991404B CN 104991404 B CN104991404 B CN 104991404B CN 201510448249 A CN201510448249 A CN 201510448249A CN 104991404 B CN104991404 B CN 104991404B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seat
drive
sliding seat
gear
turbine
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CN201510448249.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104991404A (en
Inventor
张春天
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张春天
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Priority to CN201510448249.3A priority Critical patent/CN104991404B/en
Publication of CN104991404A publication Critical patent/CN104991404A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104991404B publication Critical patent/CN104991404B/en

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Abstract

Axle, which is moved, the invention discloses a kind of big or middle picture camera lens waves technology switching device, including base, camera adjustments device and lens adjustment device, camera adjustments device includes the first sliding seat, camera support, the first drive mechanism and the second drive mechanism, and the first drive mechanism is driving the first sliding seat transversely to be slided on base;Second drive mechanism is driving camera support on the first sliding seat along longitudinal sliding motion;Lens adjustment device includes the second sliding seat, the 3rd drive mechanism, rotation seat, the 4th drive mechanism, rotating seat and the 5th drive mechanism, and the 3rd drive mechanism is driving the second sliding seat on base along longitudinal sliding motion;To drive rotation seat, in second sliding seat, transversely axis rotates 4th drive mechanism;To drive rotating seat, vertically axis rotates 5th drive mechanism on rotation seat.Various actions are can be achieved in the present invention, and then various technological adjustment can be carried out during taking pictures.Meanwhile its is simple in construction, small volume is easy to adjust.

Description

Picture camera lens big or middle moves axle and waves technology switching device

Technical field

The present invention relates to Technical camera, more particularly to picture camera lens big or middle to move axle and wave technology switching device.

Background technology

Technical camera be it is a kind of by the various actions of camera lens and focal plane (such as deviate optical axis, pitching rotates, swings And up and down, move left and right) and then make various technological adjustment, finally realize that perspective correction, micro-landscape, depth of field control are equivalent Fruit.

In general, Technical camera include lens adjustment device and camera focal plane adjusting means, and the camera lens of camera is installed on On lens adjustment device, camera is then installed in the adjusting means of focal plane in itself, first realizes that camera lens inclines by lens adjustment device The action such as tiltedly, wave, the translation of focal plane is realized by focal plane adjusting means.However, the magazine focal plane of prior art Adjusting means, because structure and space limit, it can not realize the movement of four direction up and down, can even move, Its move up and down apart from very little, it is impossible to adapt to the different camera lenses such as large, medium and small picture, and its structure is extremely complex, into This height.In addition, its regulation is difficult, mobile accuracy is low.Equally, corresponding lens adjustment device, due to the limitation of structure, it is impossible to same Shi Shixian is moved forward and backward, swings up and down and horizontally rotated, in this way, causing the adjustable technological means of Technical camera to reduce, no Adapt to the camera lens of different pictures, it is difficult to really effectively realize the depth of field control of husky nurse law, and micro-landscape, vertical perspective school Just and other effects.

The content of the invention

A kind of big or middle picture camera lens shifting axle is provided and waves skill it is an object of the invention to overcome deficiency of the prior art Art switching device.

Technical scheme is used by the present invention solves prior art problem:A kind of big or middle picture camera lens moves axle and waves skill Art switching device, including:

Base;

Camera adjustments device, the camera adjustments device include the first sliding seat, camera support, the first drive mechanism and the Two drive mechanisms, first sliding seat can transversely be slidingly arranged at one end of the base, first drive mechanism To drive first sliding seat transversely to be slided on the base;The camera support can be vertically slidingly arranged at On first sliding seat, second drive mechanism to drive the camera support on first sliding seat vertically Slide;

Lens adjustment device, the lens adjustment device include the second sliding seat, the 3rd drive mechanism, rotation seat, the 4th Drive mechanism, rotating seat and the 5th drive mechanism, second sliding seat can be along being arranged at the another of the base with longitudinal sliding One end, the 3rd drive mechanism is driving second sliding seat on the base along longitudinal sliding motion;The rotation seat It can rotate and be arranged on second sliding seat around an axis of pitch, the 4th drive mechanism is driving the rotation seat to exist Second sliding seat rotates around axis of pitch;The rotating seat can be rotatably arranged in the rotation seat around a vertical axis On, the 5th drive mechanism is driving the rotating seat to be rotated on the rotation seat around vertical axis.

Preferably, first drive mechanism includes the first rack, first gear and the first adjusting knob, first tooth Bar is horizontally set at the upper surface of the base, the first gear can be rotationally mounted in first sliding seat and with institute The engagement of the first rack is stated, first adjusting knob is connected with the first gear, to drive the first gear to rotate;

Second drive mechanism includes the second rack, second gear and the second adjusting knob, and second rack is vertical Be arranged on the camera support, the second gear can be rotationally mounted in first sliding seat and with second tooth Bar is engaged, and second adjusting knob is connected with the second gear, to drive the second gear to rotate.

Preferably, the upper surface of described one end of the base is provided with the first straight line guide rail that extends transversely, and described the The bottom surface of one sliding seat is provided with the first straight line chute coordinated with the first straight line guide rail;

The upper surface of the first straight line guide rail is provided with first groove extended transversely, and first rack fixes peace Loaded in first groove.

Preferably, the camera support includes a vertical support plate, is installed with the vertical support plate vertically extending Second straight line guide rail, the one side of first sliding seat are provided with the second straight line chute coordinated with the second straight line guide rail;

The surface relative with the second straight line chute is provided with one vertically extending second on the second straight line guide rail Groove, second rack are fixedly installed in second groove.

Preferably, the 3rd drive mechanism includes the 3rd rack, the 3rd gear and the 3rd adjusting knob, the 3rd tooth Bar is longitudinally disposed on the base, and the 3rd gear is rotationally installed in second sliding seat and with the described 3rd Rack engages, and the 3rd adjusting knob is connected with the 3rd gear, to drive the 3rd gear to rotate;

4th drive mechanism includes the first turbine and worm component and the 4th adjusting knob, the first turbine and worm group Part is arranged between the rotation seat and the second sliding seat, and the 4th adjusting knob is driving the first turbine and worm group Part rotates, so that rotation seat described in the first turbine and worm Component driver rotates around the axis of pitch;

5th drive mechanism includes the second turbine and worm component and the 5th adjusting knob, the second turbine and worm group Part is arranged between the rotating seat and rotation seat, and the 5th adjusting knob is driving the second turbine and worm component to revolve Turn, so that rotating seat described in the second turbine and worm Component driver rotates around the vertical axis.

Preferably, second sliding seat has an arcs of recesses top surface, and the arcs of recesses top surface is provided with an arc-shaped slide rail;

The rotation seat has the convex bottom surface that is adapted with the arcs of recesses top surface, the convex bottom surface be provided with The arc chute that the arc-shaped slide rail coordinates.

Preferably, the first turbine and worm component includes the first worm screw and is formed at the turbine of the arc chute bottom Tooth, first scroll bar are rotationally installed in second sliding seat and are meshed with the turbo tooth.

Preferably, second turbine assembly includes the second worm screw and the second turbine, and second worm screw rotationally fills In the rotating seat, second turbine is fixedly installed in the top surface of the rotation seat, and second turbine is located at institute State and be meshed in rotating seat with second worm screw.

Preferably, the top surface of the rotating seat has an accommodating chamber, and the bottom of the accommodating chamber has a pivoting hole;

The top surface of the rotation seat is formed with a round platform being rotatably assorted in the pivoting hole, and the round platform is from the pivot Turn hole is extended in the accommodating chamber;Second turbine is located in the accommodating chamber and circumferentially fixed with the round platform, described Second worm screw is rotationally arranged between the two side of the accommodating chamber and positioned at the side of second turbine.

Preferably, the upper surface of the other end of the base is provided with the 3rd line slideway extended longitudinally, described The bottom surface of second sliding seat is provided with the 3rd straight coordinated with the 3rd line slideway.

The upper surface of 3rd line slideway is provided with the 3rd groove extended longitudinally, and the 3rd rack is fixedly mounted In in the 3rd groove.

Axle is moved according to big or middle picture camera lens provided by the invention and waves technology switching device, wherein, camera adjustments device, Moving up and down for camera can be realized, and lens adjustment device can slide longitudinally, tilted upward, left-right rotation etc., such as This, the various actions of combining camera adjusting means and lens adjustment device, it is possible to achieve various technologies are carried out during taking pictures Adjustment, such as the depth of field control of husky nurse law is realized, realized to perspective distortion correction, realized by focus adjustment micro- by moving axle Contracting landscape effect.Meanwhile structure of the invention is simple, small volume, the distance to move up and down is big, go for it is big or middle, The different camera lenses such as small picture.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is that the big or middle picture camera lens of the embodiment of the present invention moves the overall structure diagram that axle waves technology switching device;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of camera adjustments device in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation after camera adjustments device biopsy cavity marker devices in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the use state reference chart of camera adjustments device in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structure that the sliding seat of camera adjustments device coordinates with first gear, second gear in the embodiment of the present invention Schematic diagram

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of camera lens adjustment device in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation after camera lens adjustment device biopsy cavity marker devices in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the explosive view at one visual angle of camera lens adjustment device in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the explosive view at another visual angle of camera lens adjustment device in the embodiment of the present invention.

Reference:

Base 10;

Hollow out escape groove 101;

3rd line slideway 11;

First straight line guide rail 12;

Camera adjustments device 20;

First sliding seat 21;

First straight line chute 211;

Second straight line chute 212;

First through hole 213;

Second through hole 214;

Camera support 22;

Vertical support plate 221;

Second straight line guide rail 2211;

First drive mechanism 23;

First rack 231;

First gear 232;

First adjusting knob 233;

First axle sleeve 234;

First gear edge 2341;

First axle 235;

Screw 236,246;

Second drive mechanism 24;

Second rack 241;

Second gear 242;

Second adjusting knob 243;

Second axle sleeve 244;

Second gear edge 2441;

Second axle 245.

Lens adjustment device 30;

Second sliding seat 301;

3rd straight 3011;

Arcs of recesses top surface 3012;

Arc-shaped slide rail 302;

3rd rack 303;

3rd gear 304;

3rd adjusting knob 305;

3rd axle sleeve 306;

Third gear edge 3061;

Trip bolt 307;

Rotation seat 308;

Convex bottom surface 3081;

Arc chute 3082;

Round platform 3083;

First worm screw 309;

Turbo tooth 310;

4th adjusting knob 312;

4th axle sleeve 313;

Fourth gear edge 3131;

Rotating seat 314;

Accommodating chamber 3141;

Pivoting hole 3142;

Second worm screw 315;

Second turbine 316;

5th adjusting knob 317;

5th axle sleeve 318;

Fifth gear edge 3181;

Lens bracket 319;

Cover plate 3191.

The realization, functional characteristics and advantage of the object of the invention will be described further referring to the drawings in conjunction with the embodiments.

Embodiment

Embodiments of the invention are described below in detail, the example of the embodiment is shown in the drawings, wherein from beginning to end Same or similar label represents same or similar element or the element with same or like function.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, it is intended to for explaining the present invention, and is not considered as limiting the invention.

In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", " under ", "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom " " interior ", " outer ", " up time The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as pin ", " counterclockwise " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, are for only for ease of Description is of the invention to be described with simplified, rather than the device or element of instruction or hint meaning must be with specific orientation, Yi Te Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.

In addition, term " first ", " second " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that instruction or hint relative importance Or the implicit quantity for indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, define " first ", the feature of " second " can be expressed or Implicitly include one or more this feature.In the description of the invention, " multiple " are meant that two or more, Unless otherwise specifically defined.

In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " etc. Term should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected or being detachably connected, or be integrally connected;It can be machine Tool connects or electrical connection;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirectly connected by intermediary, can be two members Connection inside part.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood in this hair as the case may be Concrete meaning in bright.

Referring to figs. 1 to shown in Fig. 9, move axle the embodiments of the invention provide a kind of big or middle picture camera lens and wave technology switching Device, including base 10, camera adjustments device 20 and lens adjustment device 30.

Specifically, base 10 can be configured to platy structure form.Such as in Fig. 1 example showns, one end of base 10 Wider width, because camera adjustments device 20 needs transverse shifting, so, wider one end is easily installed camera adjustments device 20。

Camera adjustments device 20 includes the first sliding seat 21, camera support 22, the first drive mechanism 23 and the second driving machine Structure 24, the first sliding seat 21 can transversely be slidingly arranged at one end of the base 10, first drive mechanism 23 to First sliding seat 21 is driven transversely to be slided on the base 10.Camera support 22 can vertically be slidingly arranged at institute State on the first sliding seat 21, second drive mechanism 24 is driving the camera support 22 on first sliding seat 21 Vertically slide.

That is, what the first sliding seat 21 can transversely horizontally slip on base 10, the first drive mechanism 23 is First sliding seat 21 provides driving force, and the first sliding seat 21 can be driven laterally to be horizontally slipped on base 10.And camera support 22, on the one hand, because camera support 22 is provided on sliding seat, so, camera support 22 is can be with the first sliding seat 21 laterally horizontally slip and move;On the other hand, camera support 22 itself relative to the first sliding seat 21 be can vertically on Lower slider, it that is to say, camera support 22 can slide up and down on the first sliding seat 21.In this way, when camera is fixed on camera When on support 22, you can realize side-to-side movement in the horizontal, moved up and down on vertical.

Lens adjustment device 30 include the second sliding seat 301, the 3rd drive mechanism, rotation seat 308, the 4th drive mechanism, The drive mechanism of rotating seat 314 and the 5th, the second sliding seat 301 can along the other end for being arranged at the base 10 with longitudinal sliding, 3rd drive mechanism is driving second sliding seat 301 on the base 10 along longitudinal sliding motion.Rotation seat 308 can Rotate and be arranged on second sliding seat 301 around an axis of pitch, the 4th drive mechanism is driving the rotation seat 308 rotate in second sliding seat 301 around axis of pitch.Rotating seat 314 can be rotatably arranged in described around a vertical axis On rotation seat 308, the 5th drive mechanism is driving the rotating seat 314 on the rotation seat 308 around vertical axis Rotation.

That is, the second sliding seat 301 can be on base 10 along longitudinally back and forth, the 3rd drive mechanism then can be with Driving force is provided for the second sliding seat 301, to drive the second sliding seat 301 on base 10 along longitudinally back and forth.And rotate Seat 308, on the one hand, because rotation seat 308 is provided on the second sliding seat 301, so, rotation seat 308 can be with second The longitudinal sliding motion of sliding seat 301 and move in the vertical.On the other hand, rotation seat 308 itself is relative to the second sliding seat 301 It can turn an angle, that is, can swing up and down around axis of pitch.Corresponding, the 4th drive mechanism can be then to rotate Seat 308 provides driving force, to drive rotation seat 308 to be rotated on the second sliding seat 301 around axis of pitch.For rotating seat 314, On the one hand, because rotating seat 314 is provided on rotation seat 308, rotation seat 308 is provided on sliding seat again, and is slided Dynamic seat can along longitudinal sliding motion, so, rotating seat 314 can together move in the vertical with rotation seat 308 with sliding seat.It is another Aspect, rotating seat 314 can rotate on rotation seat 308 around vertical axis, and that is to say to rotate horizontally.It is corresponding, the 5th Drive mechanism can be then that rotating seat 314 provides driving, to drive rotating seat 314 to be rotated on rotation seat 308 around vertical axis.

During concrete application, it is only necessary to fix camera lens on rotating seat 314 by corresponding retainer plate, by phase Machine is fixed on camera support 22, and the first sliding seat 21, camera support can be driven by rotating the first drive mechanism 23 22nd, camera is overall mobile to the left or to the right.And by rotating the second drive mechanism 24 camera support 22, camera can be driven overall Move up or down.In this way, realize moving up and down for camera.

Meanwhile by rotate the 3rd drive mechanism can drive the second sliding seat 301, rotation seat 308, rotating seat 314 and Camera lens integrally move forward and backward.By the 4th drive mechanism rotation seat 308, rotating seat 314 and camera lens can be driven whole Body is swung up and down.And by the 5th drive mechanism rotating seat 314 and camera lens integral level can be driven to rotate, in this way, real Camera lens longitudinal sliding motion, tilted upward showed, have horizontally rotated.

It is corresponding, moved up and down, can be adjusted on the no longer same axis in center with camera lens of focal plane by camera.And It by the longitudinal sliding motion of camera lens, can focus, by camera lens tilted upward (i.e. pitching), camera lens can be adjusted Visual angle etc..

Axle is moved according to big or middle picture camera lens provided by the invention and waves technology switching device, wherein, camera adjustments device 20, it is possible to achieve camera moves up and down, and lens adjustment device 30 can slide longitudinally, tilted upward, left-right rotation Deng in this way, the various actions of combining camera adjusting means 20 and lens adjustment device 30, it is possible to achieve carried out during taking pictures Various technological adjustment, such as the depth of field control of husky nurse law is realized, realized to perspective distortion correction by moving axle, adjusted by focal length Section realizes micro-landscape effect.Meanwhile structure of the invention is simple, small volume, the distance to move up and down is big, can be applicable In the different camera lenses such as large, medium and small picture.

In one particular embodiment of the present invention, the first drive mechanism 23 includes the first rack 231, first gear 232 And first adjusting knob 233, first rack 231 are horizontally set at the upper surface of the base 10, the first gear 232 Can be rotationally mounted in first sliding seat 21 and engaged with first rack 231, first adjusting knob 233 with The first gear 232 connects, to drive the first gear 232 to rotate.

When applying rotating force to the first adjusting knob 233, the first regulation rotation can drive first gear 232 to revolve Turn, because first gear 232 engages with the first rack 231, and the first rack 231 is integrally fixed on base 10, base 10 It is motionless, so first gear 232 then rolls on the first rack 231, in this way, the first rack 231 can drive whole One sliding seat 21 slides on base 10.First sliding seat 21 be further driven to camera support 22 together on base 10 transversely Side-to-side movement.

Second drive mechanism 24 includes the second rack 241, the adjusting knob 243 of second gear 242 and second, second tooth Bar 241 is vertically arranged on the camera support 22, and the second gear 242 can be rotationally mounted at first sliding seat 21 Interior and engaged with second rack 241, second adjusting knob 243 is connected with the second gear 242, with described in driving Second gear 242 rotates.

When applying rotating force to the second adjusting knob 243, the second regulation rotation can drive second gear 242 to revolve Turning, second gear 242 engages with the second rack 241, because the second rack 241 is provided on camera support 22, and camera Support 22 can slide vertically with respect to base 10 again, so, second gear 242 rotates, and can drive the second rack 241 Vertical to move up and down, the second rack 241 is further driven to camera support 22 and together vertically transported up and down on the first sliding seat 21 It is dynamic.

In the present embodiment, by the type of drive of gear and rack, the control of distance easy to remove, displacement is improved Precision, meanwhile, structure can be simplified, it is ensured that stable and reliable for performance.

More specifically, in one embodiment of the invention, the upper surface of described one end of base 10 is provided with transversely The first straight line guide rail 12 of extension, the bottom surface of first sliding seat 21 are provided with the coordinated with the first straight line guide rail 12 One straight 211.

That is, it is by first straight line guide rail 12 and first straight line chute between the first sliding seat 21 and base 10 211 are slidably matched, and then realize that first sliding seat 21 can the transversely side-to-side movement on base 10.In the present embodiment, lead to Crossing the cooperation of first straight line guide rail 12 and first straight line chute 211 can make it that the transverse movement of the first sliding seat 21 is relatively reliable steady It is fixed.

Corresponding, the upper surface of first straight line guide rail 12 is provided with first groove extended transversely, first rack 231 are fixedly installed in first groove.Such as in Fig. 1 example showns, the first groove is rectangular channel, the first rack 231 is firm Well in the first groove, and its both ends is fixed by a trip bolt and the first guide rail lock respectively.

In this way, the first rack 231, which is arranged in the first groove, to form similar mosaic texture with first straight line guide rail 12, Overall structure can be simplified, reduce volume, meanwhile, also ensure that and fixed more between the first rack 231 and first straight line guide rail 12 It is solid and reliable, improve the overall reliability of the camera adjustments device 20.

In one embodiment of the invention, it is provided with what is communicated with the first straight line chute 211 in the first sliding seat 21 First installation cavity, first gear 232 are rotatably mounted in first installation cavity, and first adjusting knob 233 can revolve It is installed on the one side of first sliding seat 21 with turning.In this way, by setting the first installation cavity in the first sliding seat 21, then First gear 232 is hidden and is installed in the first installation cavity, the installation that can be convenient to first gear 232 is fixed, and also causes the The cooperation of one gear 232 and the first rack 231 is even closer reliable.Simultaneously so that structure is simpler compact.

Further, in the example of the present invention, for the ease of matching somebody with somebody between the sliding seat 21 of first gear 232 and first Dress, the side of the first sliding seat 21 are provided with the first through hole 213 communicated with first installation cavity, in the first through hole 213 Provided with the first axle sleeve 234, formed with first gear edge 2341, first gear edge 2341 on the outer peripheral edge of first axle sleeve 234 The side of the first sliding seat 21 is fixed on by screw 236.

Corresponding, first gear 232 is formed in a first axle 235, and one end of first axle 235 is rotatably arranged at first One side wall of installation cavity, the other end of first axle 235 be rotatably arranged in the first axle sleeve 234 and with the first adjusting knob 233 Connection.

In assembling, first first gear 232 and first axle 235 can be loaded in the first installation cavity, then by the first axle sleeve 234 sets are connected in first axle 235, and load in first through hole 213, finally by screw 236 by the first of the first axle sleeve 234 Rib portion 2341 is fixed on the side of the first sliding seat 21.In this way, its easy installation and removal, simultaneously, it is ensured that structure It is solid and reliable.

Believe in this practicality in a new specific embodiment, camera support 22 includes a vertical support plate 221, described vertical Be installed with vertically extending second straight line guide rail 2211 on support plate 221, the one side of first sliding seat 21 be provided with The second straight line chute 212 that the second straight line guide rail 2211 coordinates.

That is, it is straight by second straight line guide rail 2211 and second between the vertical sliding seat 21 of support plate 221 and first Line chute 212 is slidably matched and then realizes that vertical support plate 221 vertically moves up and down on the first sliding seat 21.It is in this way, logical Crossing the cooperation of second straight line guide rail 2211 and second straight line chute 212 can make it that the vertical vertical motion of support plate 221 is relatively reliable It is stable.

Corresponding, the surface relative with the second straight line chute 212 is provided with one vertically on second straight line guide rail 2211 Second groove of extension, second rack 241 are fixedly installed in second groove.Such as in Fig. 1 example showns, second Groove is rectangular channel, and the second rack 241 is just vertically arranged in the second groove, and its both ends respectively by a trip bolt with Second guide rail fixes locking.

In the present embodiment, the second rack 241 can form similar in the second groove with second straight line guide rail 2211 Mosaic texture, can simplify overall structure, reduce volume, meanwhile, also ensure that the second rack 241 and second straight line guide rail 2211 it Between fixation it is more solid and reliable, improve the overall reliability of the camera adjustments device 20.

It should be noted that in a preferred embodiment of the invention, first straight line guide rail 12, second straight line guide rail 2211 are Dovetail guide, the first straight line chute 211, second straight line chute 212 are dovetail groove.In this way, led by dovetail groove and dovetail The cooperation of rail can be slidably matched relatively reliable, and structure is simpler, slides relatively reliable stabilization.

In one embodiment of the invention, it is provided with what is communicated with the second straight line chute 212 in the first sliding seat 21 Second installation cavity, the second gear 242 are rotatably mounted in second installation cavity, second adjusting knob 243 It is rotatably mounted in the one side of first sliding seat 21.In this way, by setting the second installation in the first sliding seat 21 Chamber, then by second gear 242 hide be installed in the second installation cavity, can facilitate the sliding seat 21 of second gear 242 and first it Between installation fix, meanwhile, be also convenient for the rack 241 of second gear 242 and second coordinate it is even closer reliable.It it also allows Structure is simpler compact.

Further, in one particular embodiment of the present invention, for the ease of the sliding seat 21 of second gear 242 and first Between it is equipped, the one side of the first sliding seat 21 is provided with the second through hole 214 communicated with second installation cavity, described second The second axle sleeve 244 is provided with through hole 214, formed with second gear edge 2441, second gear on the outer peripheral edge of second axle sleeve 244 Edge 2441 is fixed on the side of the first sliding seat 21 by screw 246.

Corresponding, second gear 242 is formed on one second axle 245, and one end of the second axle 245 is rotatably arranged at second One side wall of installation cavity, the other end of the second axle 245 be rotatably arranged in the second axle sleeve 244 and with the second adjusting knob 243 Connection.

In assembling, first the axle 245 of second gear 242 and second can be loaded in the second installation cavity, then by the second axle sleeve 244 sets are connected on the second axle 245, and load in the second through hole 214, finally by screw 246 by the second of the second axle sleeve 244 Rib portion 2441 is fixed on the side of the first sliding seat 21.In this way, its easy installation and removal, simultaneously, it is ensured that structure It is solid and reliable.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the upper surface of described one end of base 10 is engraved provided with what is extended transversely Empty escape groove 101, vertical support plate 221, the rack 241 of second straight line guide rail 2211 and second are vertically actively located in the hollow out and kept away Allow in groove 101.In this way, can cause on the premise of volume is not increased, second straight line guide rail 2211, the second rack can be caused 241 can be extended longer, to realize bigger vertically movable distance.

It should be noted that in a preferred embodiment of the invention, first gear 232, second gear 242 are helical gear, The rack 241 of first rack 231 and second is helical rack.

By the way of helical gear and helical rack coordinate, on the one hand, it can make it that displacement control is more accurate, it is another Aspect, it can to adjust the first adjusting knob 233 and the second adjusting knob 243 is more laborsaving.

In one particular embodiment of the present invention, the 3rd drive mechanism include the 3rd rack 303, the 3rd gear 304 and 3rd adjusting knob 305, the 3rd rack 303 are longitudinally disposed on the base 10, and the 3rd gear 304 is rotationally It is installed in second sliding seat 301 and is engaged with the 3rd rack 303, the 3rd adjusting knob 305 and described the Three gears 304 are connected, to drive the 3rd gear 304 to rotate.

When applying rotating force to the 3rd adjusting knob 305, the 3rd regulation rotation can drive the 3rd gear 304 to revolve Turn, because the 3rd gear 304 engages with the 3rd rack 303, and the 3rd rack 303 is integrally fixed on base 10, base 10 It is motionless, so the 3rd gear 304 then rolls on the 3rd rack 303, in this way, the 3rd rack 303 can drive whole Two sliding seats 301 slide back and forth on base 10 along longitudinal direction.

4th drive mechanism includes the first turbine and worm component and the 4th adjusting knob 312, the first turbine and worm group Part is arranged between the sliding seat 301 of rotation seat 308 and second, and the 4th adjusting knob 312 is driving described first Turbine and worm component rotates, so that rotation seat 308 described in the first turbine and worm Component driver rotates around the axis of pitch.

When applying rotating force to the 4th adjusting knob 312, the 4th adjusting knob 312 can drive the first turbine snail Bar assembly rotates, and transversely axis turns the rotation seat 308 that the first turbine and worm component is further driven on the second sliding seat 301 It is dynamic.

5th drive mechanism includes the worm component of the second turbine 316 and the 5th adjusting knob 317, second turbine 316 Worm component is arranged between the rotating seat 314 and rotation seat 308, and the 5th adjusting knob 317 is driving described The worm component of two turbine 316 rotates, so that the worm component of the second turbine 316 drives the rotating seat 314 around described vertical Axis rotates.

When applying rotating force to the 5th regulation rotation, the 5th adjusting knob 317 can drive the snail of the second turbine 316 Bar assembly rotates, and the worm component of the second turbine 316 further drives rotating seat 314, and vertically axis revolves on rotation seat 308 Turn.

In the present embodiment, by the fit system of rack-and-pinion and worm and gear realize camera lens longitudinal sliding motion, on have a down dip Tiltedly, left-right rotation etc. acts, easy to remove and rotation distance control, improves degree of regulation, meanwhile, structure can be simplified, really Guaranteed cost is reliable and stable.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the second sliding seat 301 has an arcs of recesses top surface 3012, the concave arc Shape top surface 3012 is provided with an arc-shaped slide rail 302.Corresponding, rotation seat 308 has what is be adapted with the arcs of recesses top surface 3012 Convex bottom surface 3081, the convex bottom surface 3081 are provided with the arc chute 3082 coordinated with the arc-shaped slide rail 302.

In this way, rotation seat 308 can arc-shaped guide rail as arc road strength, slided on arc-shaped guide rail.That is, turn It is to coordinate to realize rotation seat 308 second by arc-shaped slide rail 302 and arc groove between the dynamic sliding seat 301 of seat 308 and second Rotated on sliding seat 301 around axis of pitch.

In the present embodiment, using arc-shaped slide rail 302 and the fit system of arc chute 3082, on the one hand, may insure can Rotation seat 308 can successfully transversely axis rotates on the second sliding seat 301, and stable movement is reliable.On the other hand, The structure of the sliding seat 301 of rotation seat 308 and second can be simplified.

In one embodiment of the invention, the first turbine and worm component includes the first worm screw 309 and is formed at the arc The turbo tooth 310 of the bottom of shape chute 3082, first scroll bar be rotationally installed in second sliding seat 301 and with institute Turbo tooth 310 is stated to be meshed.

That is, by setting turbo tooth 310 in the bottom arc-shaped groove bottom of rotation seat 308, in the second sliding seat 301 The first scroll bar of interior installing is coordinated with the turbo tooth 310 in rotation seat 308, in this way, driving first in the 4th adjusting knob 312 When worm screw 309 rotates, because the first worm screw 309 engages with the turbo tooth 310 on rotation seat 308, and rotation seat 308 be can With what is rotated relative to the second sliding seat 301, so when the first worm screw 309 rotates, the first worm screw 309 and turbo tooth 310 are utilized Effect can force rotation seat 308 on the second sliding seat 301 transversely axis rotate.

In the present embodiment, by way of the turbo tooth 310 in the first scroll bar and rotation seat 308 coordinates, it is possible to achieve turn The rotation driving of dynamic seat 308, meanwhile, its is simple in construction, and cooperation is close reliable, can be driven by the rotation of the 4th adjusting knob 312 Dynamic, easy to adjust, rotation precision is high.

Further, in one particular embodiment of the present invention, the 3rd installation cavity is provided with the second sliding seat 301, the Two orthogonal sides of two sliding seats 301 are respectively equipped with a third through-hole communicated with the installation cavity.

3rd gear 304 is formed in a connecting shaft, and one end of connecting shaft is from the 3rd of second 301 1 sides of sliding seat Through hole penetrates the 3rd installation cavity and is rotatablely connected with a side wall of the 3rd installation cavity, and the 3rd gear 304 is located at the 3rd installation cavity Interior, the other end of connecting shaft is arranged one the 3rd axle sleeve 306, and the 3rd axle sleeve 306 is arranged in the third through-hole of one side, And the 3rd the outer circumference surface of axle sleeve 306 protrude above and consolidated formed with third gear edge 3061, third gear edge 3061 by fastener Dingan County is loaded on a side of the second sliding seat 301.

And the third through-hole of one end of the first worm screw 309 from another side of the second sliding seat 301 penetrates the 3rd installation cavity And be rotatablely connected with another side wall of the 3rd installation cavity, the other end is arranged one the 4th axle sleeve 313, and the 4th axle sleeve 313 is arranged in In the third through-hole of another side of second sliding seat 301, and the outer circumference surface of the 4th axle sleeve 313 is protruded above formed with fourth gear Edge 3131, fourth gear edge 3131 are fixedly installed in second another side of sliding seat 301 by fastener.

In this way, the assembling of the first worm screw 309 and gear and the second sliding seat 301 can be convenient to, meanwhile, simplifying structure On the basis of, it is ensured that the first worm screw 309 and gear assemble solid and reliable with the second sliding seat 301.

In one embodiment of the invention, the component of the second turbine 316 includes the second worm screw 315 and the second turbine 316, institute State the second worm screw 315 to be rotationally installed in the rotating seat 314, second turbine 316 is fixedly installed in the rotation The top surface of seat 308, and second turbine 316 be located at that the rotating seat 314 is interior to be meshed with second worm screw 315.

In this way, because the second turbine 316 is integrally fixed on rotation seat 308, and the second worm screw 315 is provided in rotating seat In 314, and rotating seat 314 can with rotation seat 308 can vertically axis rotate, so, when to the 5th regulation revolve When button 317 applies rotating force, the second worm screw 315 moves along the wheel face of the second turbine 316, and then drives whole rotating seat 314 around the second turbine 316 center axis thereof, the central axis is described vertical axis.

In the present embodiment, realize that rotating seat 314 is rotating by way of the second worm screw 315 and the second turbine 316 coordinate Vertically axis rotates on seat 308, and its is simple in construction firmly, coordinates precision reliable, is rotated by the 5th adjusting knob 317 Driving, easy to adjust, the precision of rotation is high.

More favorably, in one embodiment of the invention, the top surface of rotating seat 314 has an accommodating chamber 3141, institute The bottom for stating accommodating chamber 3141 has a pivoting hole 3142.

The top surface of rotation seat 308 is formed with a round platform 3083 being rotatably assorted in the pivoting hole 3142, the round platform 3083 extend in the accommodating chamber 3141 from the pivoting hole 3142;Second turbine 316 is located at the accommodating chamber 3141 Interior and circumferentially fixed with the round platform 3083, second worm screw 315 is rotationally arranged in the both sides of the accommodating chamber 3141 Between wall and positioned at the side of second turbine.

That is, pivoting hole 3142 of the rotating seat 314 by the bottom of accommodating chamber 3141 and the circle on the top surface of rotation seat 308 Platform 3083 coordinate realize on rotation seat 308 vertically axis rotate.Meanwhile second worm screw 315 be located at the second turbine 316 Inside rotating seat 314.More facilitate in this way, can to assemble between rotating seat 314 and rotation seat 308, and can simplify Overall structure, moreover it is possible to so that the second worm screw 315 and the second turbine 316 coordinate it is more accurate reliable.

Further, in one particular embodiment of the present invention, a side of rotating seat 314 is provided with one and the appearance Receive the fourth hole that chamber 3141 communicates, one end of the second worm screw 315 stretched to from the fourth hole in accommodating chamber 3141 and with appearance A strong side wall of receiving is rotatablely connected, and the other end is arranged one the 5th axle sleeve 318, and the 5th axle sleeve 318 is arranged in the fourth hole, and The excircle of 5th axle sleeve 318 protrudes above to be fixed on formed with fifth gear edge 3181, fifth gear edge 3181 by fastener On the side of rotating seat 314.In this way, the assembling of the second worm screw 315 can be convenient to, meanwhile, on the basis of structure is simplified, really Protect between the second worm screw 315 and rotating seat 314 assemble it is solid and reliable.

In some embodiments of the invention, in addition to lens bracket 319, lens bracket 319 have a cover plate 3191, institute State cover plate 3191 and the accommodating chamber 3141 on the rotating seat 314 and is covered on by detachable connection.

So, on the one hand, in assembling process, the pivoting hole 3142 in the bottom of rotating seat 314 is set in rotation and makees top surface Round platform 3083 on after, you can the second turbine 316 is put into accommodating chamber 3141 from the top of rotating seat 314, and and round platform 3083 circumferentially fixed installations, and engaged with the second worm screw 315, finally, the cover plate 3191 on lens bracket 319 is passed through into screw etc. It is fixedly mounted on above installation cavity, that is to say, that the installation of the second turbine 316 can be convenient to.In terms of the opposing party, camera lens Support 319 can be convenient to camera lens and rotating seat 314 being relatively fixed, namely be easy for the installation of camera lens.

In one particular embodiment of the present invention, the upper surface of the other end of base 10 is provided with what is extended longitudinally 3rd line slideway 11, the bottom surface of second sliding seat 301 be provided with coordinate with the 3rd line slideway 11 it is the 3rd straight Line chute 3011.

That is, it is by the 3rd line slideway 11 and the 3rd straight between the second sliding seat 301 and base 10 3011 are slidably matched, and then realize that the second sliding seat 301 can be on base 10 along longitudinally back and forth.In the present embodiment, By the cooperation of the 3rd line slideway 11 and the 3rd straight 3011 can the lengthwise movement of the second sliding seat 301 more may be used By stable

Corresponding, the upper surface of the 3rd line slideway 11 is provided with the 3rd groove extended longitudinally, the 3rd rack 303 It is fixedly installed in the 3rd groove.Such as in Fig. 1 examples, the 3rd groove is rectangular channel, the 3rd rack 303 is located just at In three grooves, and its both ends is fixed by a trip bolt 307 and the 3rd line slideway 11 lock respectively.

The present embodiment, the 3rd rack 303, which is arranged in the 3rd groove, to form similar inlay with the 3rd line slideway 11 Structure, overall structure can be simplified, reduce volume, meanwhile, also ensure that fixed between the 3rd rack 303 and the 3rd line slideway 11 It is more solid and reliable, improve the overall reliability of the lens adjustment device 30.

As preferable, in some embodiments of the invention, the line slide rail of arc-shaped slide rail 302 and the 3rd is that dovetail is slided Rail, the straight 3011 of arc chute 3082 and the 3rd is dovetail groove.In this way, can be with by the cooperation of dovetail groove and dovetail slide rail So that it is relatively reliable to be slidably matched, structure is simpler.

It should be noted that in a preferred embodiment of the invention, the 3rd gear 304 is helical gear, the 3rd rack 303 is Helical rack.

By the way of helical gear and helical rack coordinate, on the one hand, it can make it that displacement control is more accurate, it is another Aspect, it can make it that the 5th adjusting knob 317 of regulation is more laborsaving.

In summary, big or middle picture camera lens provided by the invention moves axle and waves technology switching device, wherein, camera adjustments Device 20, it is possible to achieve camera moves up and down, and lens adjustment device 30 can slide longitudinally, tilted upward, left and right Rotate etc., in this way, the various actions of combining camera adjusting means 20 and lens adjustment device 30, it is possible to achieve during taking pictures Various technological adjustment are carried out, such as realize the depth of field control of husky nurse law, is realized by moving axle to perspective distortion correction, passes through Jiao Micro-landscape effect is realized away from regulation.Meanwhile structure of the invention is simple, small volume, the distance to move up and down is big, can be with Suitable for the different camera lenses such as large, medium and small picture.Moreover, by turbine and worm, the type of drive of rack-and-pinion is easy to remove, turn Dynamic control, improve the mobile, precision of rotation distance.

In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features, structure, material or the spy for combining the embodiment or example description Point is contained at least one embodiment or example of the present invention.In this manual, to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term not Necessarily refer to identical embodiment or example.Moreover, specific features, structure, material or the feature of description can be any One or more embodiments or example in combine in an appropriate manner.

Although embodiments of the invention have been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is impossible to limitation of the present invention is interpreted as, one of ordinary skill in the art is not departing from the principle and objective of the present invention In the case of above-described embodiment can be changed within the scope of the invention, change, replace and modification.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of big or middle picture camera lens moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that including:
Base;
Camera adjustments device, the camera adjustments device include the first sliding seat, camera support, the first drive mechanism and the second drive Motivation structure, first sliding seat can transversely be slidingly arranged at one end of the base, first drive mechanism to First sliding seat is driven transversely to be slided on the base;The camera support can vertically be slidingly arranged at described On first sliding seat, second drive mechanism is driving the camera support vertically to be slided on first sliding seat It is dynamic;
Lens adjustment device, the lens adjustment device include the second sliding seat, the 3rd drive mechanism, rotation seat, the 4th driving Mechanism, rotating seat and the 5th drive mechanism, second sliding seat can along the other end for being arranged at the base with longitudinal sliding, 3rd drive mechanism is driving second sliding seat on the base along longitudinal sliding motion;The rotation seat can be around one Axis of pitch is rotated and is arranged on second sliding seat, and the 4th drive mechanism is driving the rotation seat described the Two sliding seats rotate around axis of pitch;The rotating seat can be rotatably arranged on the rotation seat around a vertical axis, described 5th drive mechanism is driving the rotating seat to be rotated on the rotation seat around vertical axis.
2. big or middle picture camera lens according to claim 1 moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that described the One drive mechanism includes the first rack, first gear and the first adjusting knob, and first rack is horizontally set at the base Upper surface, the first gear can be rotationally mounted in first sliding seat and be engaged with first rack, described First adjusting knob is connected with the first gear, to drive the first gear to rotate;
Second drive mechanism includes the second rack, second gear and the second adjusting knob, and second rack is vertically arranged In on the camera support, the second gear can be rotationally mounted in first sliding seat and be nibbled with second rack Close, second adjusting knob is connected with the second gear, to drive the second gear to rotate.
3. big or middle picture camera lens according to claim 2 moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that the bottom The upper surface of described one end of seat is provided with the first straight line guide rail that extends transversely, the bottom surface of first sliding seat be provided with The first straight line chute that the first straight line guide rail coordinates;
The upper surface of the first straight line guide rail is provided with first groove extended transversely, and first rack is fixedly installed in In first groove.
4. big or middle picture camera lens according to claim 2 moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that the phase Machine support includes a vertical support plate, is installed with vertically extending second straight line guide rail on the vertical support plate, and described first The one side of sliding seat is provided with the second straight line chute coordinated with the second straight line guide rail;
The surface relative with the second straight line chute is provided with a second vertically extending groove on the second straight line guide rail, Second rack is fixedly installed in second groove.
5. big or middle picture camera lens according to claim 1 moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that described the Three drive mechanisms include the 3rd rack, the 3rd gear and the 3rd adjusting knob, and the 3rd rack is longitudinally disposed at the base On, the 3rd gear is rotationally installed in second sliding seat and engaged with the 3rd rack, and the described 3rd adjusts Section knob is connected with the 3rd gear, to drive the 3rd gear to rotate;
4th drive mechanism includes the first turbine and worm component and the 4th adjusting knob, and the first turbine and worm component is set It is placed between the rotation seat and the second sliding seat, the 4th adjusting knob is driving the first turbine and worm component to revolve Turn, so that rotation seat described in the first turbine and worm Component driver rotates around the axis of pitch;
5th drive mechanism includes the second turbine and worm component and the 5th adjusting knob, and the second turbine and worm component is set Be placed between the rotating seat and rotation seat, the 5th adjusting knob to drive the second turbine and worm component to rotate, So that rotating seat described in the second turbine and worm Component driver rotates around the vertical axis.
6. big or middle picture camera lens according to claim 5 moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that described the Two sliding seats have an arcs of recesses top surface, and the arcs of recesses top surface is provided with an arc-shaped slide rail;
The rotation seat has the convex bottom surface that is adapted with the arcs of recesses top surface, the convex bottom surface be provided with it is described The arc chute that arc-shaped slide rail coordinates.
7. big or middle picture camera lens according to claim 6 moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that described the One turbine and worm component includes the first worm screw and is formed at the turbo tooth of the arc chute bottom, and first scroll bar is rotatable Ground is installed in second sliding seat and is meshed with the turbo tooth.
8. big or middle picture camera lens according to claim 5 moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that described the Two turbine assemblies include the second worm screw and the second turbine, and second worm screw is rotationally installed in the rotating seat, described Second turbine is fixedly installed in the top surface of the rotation seat, and second turbine is located in the rotating seat and second snail Bar is meshed.
9. big or middle picture camera lens according to claim 8 moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that the rotation The top surface of swivel base has an accommodating chamber, and the bottom of the accommodating chamber has a pivoting hole;
The top surface of the rotation seat is formed with a round platform being rotatably assorted in the pivoting hole, and the round platform is from the pivoting hole Extend in the accommodating chamber;Second turbine is located in the accommodating chamber and circumferentially fixed with the round platform, and described second Worm screw is rotationally arranged between the two side of the accommodating chamber and positioned at the side of second turbine.
10. big or middle picture camera lens according to claim 5 moves axle and waves technology switching device, it is characterised in that the bottom The upper surface of the other end of seat is provided with the 3rd line slideway extended longitudinally, and the bottom surface of second sliding seat is provided with The 3rd straight coordinated with the 3rd line slideway;
The upper surface of 3rd line slideway is provided with the 3rd groove extended longitudinally, and the 3rd rack is fixedly installed in institute State in the 3rd groove.
CN201510448249.3A 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 Picture camera lens big or middle moves axle and waves technology switching device CN104991404B (en)

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