CN104989149B - A kind of Civil building basement just before a battle converting system and construction method - Google PatentsA kind of Civil building basement just before a battle converting system and construction method Download PDF
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- CN104989149B CN104989149B CN201510423220.XA CN201510423220A CN104989149B CN 104989149 B CN104989149 B CN 104989149B CN 201510423220 A CN201510423220 A CN 201510423220A CN 104989149 B CN104989149 B CN 104989149B
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A kind of Civil building basement just before a battle converting system and construction method, wherein, partition wall and antiknock wall are provided with air defense basement, wherein, the upper/lower terminal of partition wall is clamped and is fixed on the first built-in fitting by holder respectively, and the first built-in fitting is embedded in the top surface and bottom surface of the air defense basement；Antiknock wall includes steel column and sheet metal, the upper/lower terminal of steel column is clamped and is fixed on the second built-in fitting by holder respectively, second built-in fitting is embedded in the top surface and bottom surface of the air defense basement, some screwed holes it have been evenly arranged on steel column from bottom to top, screw is by some Interal fixations are on steel column and form blast wall of the height not less than 1.8 meters.And disclose the fast construction method of above-mentioned system.Body series do not have wet trade, it is not necessary to professional construction instrument, and reduction is relied on to external world, it is only necessary to fastened, welded, using preparation material rapid translating.
The invention is related to Technology for Civil Air Defence Projects field, specifically a kind of Civil building basement just before a battle converting system and Construction method.
Civil building basement (include monomer civil air defense projects) Civil Specialities just before a battle converting system mainly by following two Part is constituted：
(1) Civil building basement is not used and wartime special function room at ordinary times
Prior art：Civil building basement is not used and wartime special function room at ordinary times, generally using masonry knot Structure is just before a battle built by laying bricks or stones, needs stirring mortar to bond building block, in privileged sites such as body of wall corner or because wall body ultralong is both needed to Banding steel cage arranges constructional column.
(2) the antiknock wall in Civil building basement protective unit
Prior art：Generally constructed using just before a battle heap sandbag, piled up using sandbag, wall section is trapezoidal, lower mouth It is wide 1 meter, it is suitable for reading wide 0.5 meter, highly not less than 1.8 meters.
Just before a battle converting system has following defect to existing Civil building basement Civil Specialities：
(1) masonry structure construction need to have skilled industrial worker's construction of certain engineering construction experience, ensure construction quality.
(2) masonry structure construction will expend that the time is longer, and the stirring for having the mixing of wet trade such as mortar, concrete is vibrated Deng the colligation of reinforcing bar, template are set up and removed, the maintenance of concrete, and the jointing of body of wall is plastered etc. needs by technique duration requirement Construction.
(3) just before a battle the conversion time limit is shorter, and urban civil air defense basement engineering is measured after it experienced several years construction It is big wide, such as adopt existing scheme, when just before a battle changing, need in a short time to city for it is a large amount of meet the one hand tiles for requiring, The construction materials such as sand, and transport constructed to each monomer engineering, construct wartime dividing wall, antiknock wall, implement and there is also Larger difficulty.
(4) sand pocket takes up room larger, and because antiknock cellar area is less, wartime need to increase more antiknock wall, to a certain degree On cause the actually active reduction for sheltering area.
The content of the invention：
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of Civil building basement just before a battle converting system and structure Method, for rapid build, solve the problems, such as it is existing pile up that difficulty, quantities are big, it is bothersome laborious to dismount, while solving material Storage problem.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is：
It is a kind of to be used for Civil building basement just before a battle converting system, partition wall and antiknock wall are provided with air defense basement, It is characterized in that：The partition wall and antiknock wall are quick structure for assembling, wherein, the upper/lower terminal of the partition wall leads to respectively Cross holder to clamp and be fixed on the first built-in fitting, first built-in fitting is embedded in top surface and the bottom of the air defense basement In face；The antiknock wall includes steel column and steel plate, and the upper/lower terminal of the steel column is clamped and fixed by holder respectively On the second built-in fitting, second built-in fitting is embedded in the top surface and bottom surface of the air defense basement, on the steel column Some screwed holes have been evenly arranged from bottom to top, and screw is by some Interal fixations are on steel column and form height not less than 1.8 The antiknock wall of rice.
Used as a kind of optimal implementation, the steel plate thickness is 10 millimeters, and arranges ribbed stiffener according to span size.
Used as a kind of optimal implementation, the partition wall is the highly consistent light weight wall of height and air defense basement Plate.
Further, the Light trabses are the one kind in the large-scale Light trabses such as GRC plates, air entrained concrete calcium plate.
Further, door, window, the sheath member at equipment hole are embedded in the Light trabses in advance.
Used as a kind of optimal implementation, first built-in fitting is made up of band steel and corrugated tubing, the corrugated tubing edge Band steel length direction is evenly arranged.
Used as a kind of optimal implementation, second built-in fitting is made up of square steel plate and corrugated tubing, wherein corrugated tubing Four sides positioned at steel plate are evenly arranged.
As a kind of optimal implementation, the wing ring for strengthening wedge action is provided with the outside of the corrugated tubing.
Used as a kind of optimal implementation, the angle steel is provided with some slotted eyes, to adapt in Embedment Construction Error.
The above-mentioned construction method for Civil building basement just before a battle converting system：First in the air defense basement The first built-in fitting and the second built-in fitting are embedded with top surface and bottom surface, it is characterised in that when building：
1st, the fixation of partition wall：The holder of side is installed first, then the upper/lower terminal of Light trabses is fitted in At lower holder, finally the holder of opposite side is fixed using bolt and realize gripping for Light trabses；
2nd, antiknock wall is constructed：The upper/lower terminal of steel column is fixed on into shape on the second built-in fitting using holder first Into column, steel plate is fixed on into formation antiknock wall between steel column using screw then.
Used as further improving, the junction between the holder and first, second built-in fitting carries out welding and adds Gu.
Advantage of the invention is that：
1st, body series are typically grown up and can grasp rapidly installation skill according to instruction for mounting to technical staff's requirement than relatively low Art.
2nd, body series do not have wet trade, it is not necessary to professional construction instrument, and reduction is relied on to external world, it is only necessary to fastened, welded , using preparation material rapid translating.
3rd, body series engineering does not have the technique waiting time of prior art, complete plug and play.
4th, body series comprehensively shorten the conversion time of wartime function room, are conducive to Civil building basement (to include people's air defense Basement and monomer civil air defense projects) flat war power and energy quick realization.
5th, the convenient storage of material and turnover, this programme antiknock wall system device materials are light, and small volume can be standby at ordinary times Material, is stored in guard member storehouse nearby so as to exploitativeness and operability are had more under combat-ready state, people's civil defence is greatly improved The war readiness benefit of empty basement.
6th, body series mostly are prefabrication using material, meet the policy of the industrialization of the country.
Description of the drawings
Scheme of installations of the Fig. 1 for structural wall.
Structural representations of the Fig. 2 for band steel built-in fitting.
Structural representations of the Fig. 3 for angle steel.
Fig. 4 is the scheme of installation of the structural wall with door and window.
Structural representations of the Fig. 5 for antiknock wall.
Schematic diagrams of the Fig. 6 for square steel plate built-in fitting.
Fig. 7 is steel-sheet front view.
In figure：1 first built-in fitting, 1 ' second built-in fitting, 11 band steels, 12 corrugated tubings, 2 concrete, 3 angle steel, 31 elliptical apertures, 4 bolts, 5 Light trabses, 51 component of the doors and windows, 6 steel columns, 7 steel plates, 71 screws.
As shown in Figures 1 to 7, for existing defect, the present invention is by the pre-buried of the pre-buried different structure in concrete Part, then be connected with pre-buried by a series of corresponding supporting angle steel, bolt, using Light trabses carry out space segmentation or Antiknock wall, the simple and quick just before a battle conversion for realizing Civil building basement are constructed quickly using steel plate.Separately below from as follows Two aspects are illustrated：
(1) existing Civil building basement is just before a battle in Change measure, and wartime special function room adopts masonry structure structure Build, need to have builder's construction of certain quality, required building implement equipment is more, and conversion time is longer.
Built-in fitting of this programme by the pre-buried different structure in concrete, then by fixed angle steel, bolt and built-in fitting To fix large-scale Light trabses, (such as GRC plates, air entrained concrete calcium plate etc., wherein GRC plates are referred to low alkalinity cement mortar as base Material, alkali-resistant glass fibre do reinforcing material, make sheet side layer, and Jing is cast-in-place or prefabricated, multiple with other light thermal-insulation adiabators The composite wall material for closing), realize ordinary person can quick-assembling wartime room, greatly shorten and just before a battle change Time.Door, window, the integrated wall sheet material at equipment hole using the prefabricated sheath of prepackage, door or window are arranged in sheath again, that is, fill Use.
(2) existing Civil building basement just before a battle in Change measure, constructed by just before a battle stacking sandbag, and material is stupid by antiknock wall Weight, transport difficult deposit special big quantity space, and storage process is apt to deteriorate or damaged.
The present invention by the pre-plugged built-in fitting in concrete, and in advance the wallboard and steel plate of ready predetermined dimension, Steel column, then by fixed and assembling, partition wall and antiknock wall are formed, save space, quality are secure.
Based on the description above, one kind that the present invention is provided is used for Civil building basement just before a battle converting system, structural wall Structure dissection it is as follows：
First built-in fitting 1, arranges the first built-in fitting in top surface or bottom surface in the building course of Civil building basement, wherein First built-in fitting is a kind of structure commonly used in engineering, and its structure and mounting means have various, and first in the present embodiment is pre- Embedded part 1 is made up of band steel 11 and corrugated tubing 12, and wherein band steel 11 is located at the top layer of building body, and corrugated tubing 12 is embedded in concrete In top board (base plate), when having backfilling material on the structure base slab, built-in fitting is may be disposed in rigid ground, or changing in the later stage Drill, beat expansion bolt fixation clamp gripping member by rigid ground (non-structural base plate) during making, be fixed on holder In rigid ground.Using convenient in xoncrete structure.The present invention is not limited only to institute in diagram 2 in needing scheme to be protected First built-in fitting pattern of citing, various built-in fittings are applicable.In the present embodiment, the first built-in fitting 1 is reliable with concrete 2 embedding Enter, built-in fitting ring containing the wing or anchoring piece.
Angle steel 3, angle steel 3 simultaneously punch, and hole is oval 31, wherein oval 31 spacing and the screwed hole in built-in fitting Spacing and units specification, angle steel can be fixed on built-in fitting using bolt 4, form a kind of connection.
Wherein above-mentioned angle steel 3 is only that one kind is specific implements pattern, the aluminium alloy extrusions with L-shaped section, alloy Part can also be replaced, and form a kind of holder with clamping effect, wherein, a side and the built-in fitting of angle steel are carried out Contact, is fixed using welding or bolted mode, wherein, optimal mode is the mode of above-mentioned bolt, can To carry out dismounting operation, not the used time can remove.
Large-scale Light trabses 5 (such as GRC plates, air entrained concrete calcium plate etc.), are obtained by way of cutting, highly with air defense Basement it is highly consistent, width is 60 centimetres, 80 centimetres or 1 meter specification etc..Certainly, Light trabses are not limited to above-mentioned Pattern, it is existing and can be used to bring use as the building material of integral wall.
As a kind of deformation, supporting door, window, equipment hole sheath member, shape will can be embedded in Light trabses 5 in advance Into the sheath member of prepackage, the sheath member size big person can be connected with holder, and the little person of size can be also nested in sheet material 5. So, just before a battle conversion period can Fast Installation door and window and equipment installation.Alternatively deform, door and window also can be with sheet material shape Into combined material, plug and play when just before a battle changing, the concrete pattern of door and window and function can be any patterns of the prior art, Each fall within protection scope of the present invention.
The angle steel 3 of side, during installation, is installed first, then Light trabses upper and lower ends are fitted in the angle steel located up and down The angle steel of opposite side is finally fixed, it is possible to quickly fix wallboard, realize the work of the compartment by place using bolt With.
Holder is mainly bolt with the connection of built-in fitting and fastens, and in the case where conversion time is allowed, or is fixedly connected In the case of having high demands, can be strengthened using welding.As a kind of flexible, the connection of holder and built-in fitting take bolt connection, One of welding both approaches or the row of the equal here protection of combination.
The structure of antiknock wall, as shown in Figures 5 to 7：
Second built-in fitting 1 ', arranges the second built-in fitting 1 ' in the building course of Civil building basement, or in the later stage Second built-in fitting 1 ' is installed in transformation process, wherein the second built-in fitting is a kind of component commonly used in engineering, in the present embodiment by Square steel plate and corrugated tubing composition, wherein corrugated tubing are located at four edges of square steel plate, and square steel plate is located at the top layer of building body, Corrugated tubing is embedded in concrete roof (base plate), and when having backfilling material on the structure base slab, built-in fitting may be disposed at rigidly In face, or in the transformation process in later stage drill, beat expansion bolt fixed clamp by rigid ground (non-structural base plate) Part, makes holder be fixed in rigid ground.Using convenient in xoncrete structure.During the present invention needs scheme to be protected The built-in fitting pattern illustrated in being not limited only to illustrate, various built-in fittings are applicable.In the present embodiment, the second built-in fitting 1 ' with Concrete 2 is reliable embedded, built-in fitting ring containing the wing or anchoring piece.
Angle steel 3, angle steel one side punch, and hole is elliptical aperture, wherein the spacing of the screwed hole in the spacing of elliptical aperture and square steel And units specification, applicable bolt can be fixed on angle steel on the second built-in fitting, form a kind of connection.
Steel column 6, using square steel shaped steel, obtains certain length, then clamping of the upper and lower ends by angle steel by intercepting Effect is fixedly connected with the second built-in fitting 1 ', and angle steel is bolted in built-in fitting, or angle steel is by welding and built-in fitting Connection, or both, by above-mentioned installation, multiple steel columns 6 of a determining deviation are formed, is pre-set on steel column 6 some Screwed hole, screwed hole are evenly arranged from bottom to top.
Above-mentioned steel column can be I-steel, square steel tube or extraordinary abnormity steel profile, play the work for supporting and installing With the shaped steel that can be used as support commonly used in existing steel construction can all be used.
Some pieces of the sheet metal of 7,10 mm of thickness of sheet metal, then opens up strip hole in the edge of both sides, by spiral shell Nail 71 is fixed on sheet metal on steel column 6, forms antiknock wall, and the height of antiknock wall is not less than 1.8 meters, meets people's air defense requirement.
Above-mentioned sheet metal can be the steel plate of the various intensity such as clean steel plate, alloy-steel plate, corrosion resistant plate, primarily serve peace The effect of full protection.
Further improve, above-mentioned sheet metal can adopt stamping steel plate, and form multiple punching press muscle in its surface Or repousse, improve overall intensity.
Construction method：First 6 upper and lower ends of steel column are fixed on built-in fitting, column is formed, it is then that sheet metal is solid It is scheduled on formation antiknock wall between steel column.
During structure, quick fixation equally can be realized to build by the way of welding.
Embodiment described above is only that the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described, not the model to the present invention Enclose and be defined, on the premise of without departing from design spirit of the present invention, various changes of the relevant technical staff in the field to the present invention Shape and improvement, all should expand in the protection domain as determined by claims of the present invention.
1. the construction method of Civil building basement just before a battle converting system：The Civil building basement just before a battle converting system, anti- Partition wall and antiknock wall are provided with empty basement, the partition wall and antiknock wall are quick structure for assembling,
It is embedded with the first built-in fitting (1) and the second built-in fitting (1 ') first in the top surface of the air defense basement and bottom surface, its It is characterised by, when building：
The erection sequence of function room is：The holder (3) of side is installed first, secondly by the upper/lower terminal of Light trabses (5) It is fitted at upper and lower holder, is finally fixed using a holder in opposite side and realize gripping for Light trabses；
The erection sequence of antiknock wall is：First the upper/lower terminal of steel column (6) is fixed on the second built-in fitting using holder Column is formed, steel plate (7) is fixed on into formation antiknock wall between steel column using screw finally；Wherein,
The upper/lower terminal of the partition wall is clamped and is fixed on the first built-in fitting (1) by holder respectively, and described first is pre- Embedded part is embedded in the top surface and bottom surface of the air defense basement；
The antiknock wall includes steel column (6) and steel plate (7), and the upper/lower terminal of the steel column is clamped by holder respectively And be fixed on the second built-in fitting (1 '), second built-in fitting (1 ') is embedded in top surface and the bottom surface of the air defense basement In, it has been evenly arranged some screwed holes on the steel column (6) from bottom to top, some steel plates (7) are fixed on type by screw (71) On steel column (6) and height is formed not less than 1.8 meters of antiknock wall.
2. a kind of construction method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that pre-buried with first, second in the holder Junction between part carries out reinforcement of weld.
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|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201510423220.XA CN104989149B (en)||2015-07-17||2015-07-17||A kind of Civil building basement just before a battle converting system and construction method|
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|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201510423220.XA CN104989149B (en)||2015-07-17||2015-07-17||A kind of Civil building basement just before a battle converting system and construction method|
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|CN104989149A CN104989149A (en)||2015-10-21|
|CN104989149B true CN104989149B (en)||2017-03-29|
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|CN201510423220.XA Active CN104989149B (en)||2015-07-17||2015-07-17||A kind of Civil building basement just before a battle converting system and construction method|
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Families Citing this family (3)
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|CN105239798B (en) *||2015-11-16||2018-01-16||孙伟||A kind of people's air defense and underground emergency disaster relief engineering rapid translating do lavatory and construction method|
|CN107227794A (en) *||2017-07-24||2017-10-03||武汉市人防建筑设计研究院||A kind of air-raid shelter|
|CN107558785A (en) *||2017-08-22||2018-01-09||中国海洋石油总公司||A kind of tubular type laser welding sandwich plate blast wall|
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