CN104988713A - Cotton fabric high-efficiency dyeing and finishing process - Google Patents

Cotton fabric high-efficiency dyeing and finishing process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104988713A
CN104988713A CN201510449807.8A CN201510449807A CN104988713A CN 104988713 A CN104988713 A CN 104988713A CN 201510449807 A CN201510449807 A CN 201510449807A CN 104988713 A CN104988713 A CN 104988713A
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dyeing
agent
cotton fabric
fabric
finishing
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吴晓宇
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Taicang Shuangyu Chemical Fiber Co Ltd
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Taicang Shuangyu Chemical Fiber Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a cotton fabric high-efficiency dyeing and finishing process including modification treatment, scouring and dyeing in one bath, soaping, color fixation, post-finishing, drying, sizing, calendering, and coiling. Ultrasonic waves are used for pretreatment; at the same time, before a dyeing process, a fabric is subjected to low temperature plasma treatment, then the fiber fabric is subjected to modification treatment with 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride and finally is treated by chitosan, and thus the fabric dyeing degree is increased, and the difficulty of the subsequent dyeing steps is reduced; with adopting of scouring and dyeing in one bath, the efficiency is increased, and the cost is reduced; in the dyeing process, a large amount of alkaline substances and inorganic salts are not used, natural dyes are used, and at the same time, a colophony powder is added as a color fixing agent, so that the color fixing effect is enhanced, besides, the environmental pollution is avoided, and the requirements of environmental protection are met; montmorillonite is used for flame retardant treatment on the fabric, so that the flame retardancy of the fabric is high; and with increase of anti-yellowing finishing, a final fabric does not easily turn yellow.

Description

A kind of efficient dyeing and finishing technology of COTTON FABRIC
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of efficient dyeing and finishing technology of COTTON FABRIC.
Background technology
Fiber is divided into chemical fibre and natural fabric, and chemical fibre is raw material with the macromolecular compound of natural polymer or Prof. Du Yucang, through preparing the fiber with textile performance that the operations such as spinning solution, spinning and post processing obtain.Chemical fibre have fast light, wear-resisting, easily wash easily do, do not go rotten, the advantage such as not damaged by worms, be widely used in and manufacture clothing fabric, filter cloth, conveyer belt, rotary hose, rope, fishing net, electric insulated, medical suture, tyre cord and parachute etc.
Natural fabric refer to nature exist and growth, there is the fiber that weaving is worth, cotton fiber is a kind of natural fabric, moisture absorption and good permeability, soft and warming, is therefore widely used in field of textiles.
Cotton fabric in dyeing, in order to ensure dyeing quality, just usually need fabric is carried out to concise, washing, dehydration, dries, dyes after heat treatment.But complex procedures like this, efficiency is lower, and energy consumption is higher.Usually the alkaline solution such as sodium hydrosulfite, sodium carbonate is adopted to carry out high-temperature process when while is concise, larger to the damage of fiber.
In addition, cotton fabric is in dyeing course, in order to reduce environmental pollution, begin one's study at present and adopt natural dye to dye, but natural dye needs to dye at a lower temperature usually, and the Color of natural dye is poor, its fixing degree of the fabric dyed is lower, usually in dyeing course, a large amount of soda ash and inorganic salts are added in order to improve fixing degree, this brings larger difficulty to the treatment of dyeing wastewater of high salinity, ecological environment can be destroyed as directly discharged, cause the salinization of soil, use natural dye usually also can use some heavy metal ion as mordant simultaneously, do not meet the requirement of current ecological textile, and the coloured light of fabric becomes dim mostly after heavy metal ion mordant dyeing, affect vividness and the aesthetic property of DYED FABRICS.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the problems referred to above existed for prior art, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of efficient dyeing and finishing technology of COTTON FABRIC.
Technical scheme: for achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
An efficient dyeing and finishing technology for COTTON FABRIC, comprises the following steps:
(1) modification: COTTON FABRIC is put into plasma apparatus and carry out Cement Composite Treated by Plasma, discharge power is 100W, and discharge frequency is 13.56MHz, processing time 3min; And then put into water-bath and process, 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 20-30 g/L, NaOH 8-10 g/L, ethanol 20-30 g/L, bath raio is 50:1, modification 60-80min at 50 DEG C; Finally fabric is put into chitosan solution to process, wherein shitosan 5-7 g/L, ethanol 20-30 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, at 40 DEG C, soak 30min, refills clear water and washs 2 times, then dry after terminating;
(2) scouring and dyeing: the COTTON FABRIC after cryogenic freezing process is carried out dyeing process, be specially: under room temperature, fabric is immersed in the clear water of dyeing machine, then in water-bath, bleeding agent 1.5-2.5g/L is added, diffusant DN 0.8-1.2g/L, levelling agent 1.5-2.5 g/L, scouring and dyeing degreaser 1.5-2.5 g/L, non-phosphorus degreasing agent 1-3 g/L, red sorghum pigment 1.5-2.5%(owf), colophony powder 8-10%(owf), imvite 3-5 g/L, bath raio 40:1, and by acetic acid, the pH value of dye liquor is adjusted to 4.5-5.5, cyclically charging material 20min, then dyeing machine heats up, programming rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature rises to 115 DEG C, insulation dyeing 60-80min, then dyeing machine cooling, cooling rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature is down to 40 DEG C, dyestuff is discharged also injected clear water again, 15min is rinsed with clear water, scouring and dyeing degreaser is the scouring and dyeing degreaser GK-610 that Shanghai Gai Pu Chemical Co., Ltd. produces,
(3) soap: the COTTON FABRIC after dyeing is rinsed after 10min through room temperature clear water, use lauryl sodium sulfate 1 g/L again, polyvinylpyrrolidone 4.5 g/L, AEO-9 4.5 g/L, ethanol 10-20 g/L; bath raio is 40:1, rinses 30 min at 50-60 DEG C, finally rinses 15min with the clear water of 40-50 DEG C again;
(4) fixation: the COTTON FABRIC after cleaning is put into fixation liquid and carries out fixation, described fixation liquid contains salt 3-5g/L, colophony powder 3-5g/L, ethanol 10-20 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, color fixing temperature 50-60 DEG C, the fixation time is 30-40min, and then temperature reduces, and 40-50 DEG C is rinsed 15min with clear water, then by dryer at 80 DEG C of preliminary drying 4 min, then bake 3 min at 110 DEG C;
(5) Final finishing: COTTON FABRIC is carried out Final finishing, is specially:
A () resistance Huang arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into the yellow treatment fluid of resistance and process, with heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent 8-10 g/L, and anti-phenol flavescence agent 8-10 g/L, in the water-bath of 30-40 DEG C, process 20-30 min, bath raio is 20:1;
B () mixing arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into mixed treating liquid and processes, with crease and shrink resistant finishing agent GFR-8 2-4 g/L, softener 1-2 g/L, antibacterial finishing agent 1-2 g/L, UV resistance finishing agent UV-BS 3-4 g/L, in the water-bath of 30-40 DEG C, process 20-30 min, bath raio is 20:1; Crease and shrink resistant finishing agent GFR-8 is that Nantong C&T Textile Technology Co., Ltd. produces; UV resistance finishing agent UV-BS is that Nantong C&T Textile Technology Co., Ltd. produces;
(c) flame-proof treatment: COTTON FABRIC is put into fire-retardant treatment liquid and processes, with 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 20-30 g/L, imvite 3-5 g/L, isopropyl alcohol 15-20 g/L, processes 40-60 min in the water-bath of 50-70 DEG C, and bath raio is 30:1;
(6) dry: the COTTON FABRIC after Final finishing is put into dryer and carries out drying and processing, bake out temperature 100-110 DEG C, locomotive speed is 65-70m/min;
(7) shape: the COTTON FABRIC of oven dry is carried out heat treatment, adds heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent 8-10 g/L during sizing, anti-phenol flavescence agent 8-10 g/L, setting temperature 155-165 DEG C, locomotive speed is 25-30m/min, overfeeding 5-8%; The heat resistanceheat resistant xanthochromia agent FK-161 that Beijing Chemical Co., Ltd. in Textile produces and anti-phenol xanthochromia agent FK-162;
(8) calendering: the COTTON FABRIC after sizing is put into calender and carries out calendering process, calendering temperature 115-125 DEG C, locomotive speed is 20-25m/min;
(9) rolling: COTTON FABRIC is carried out rolling.
Non-phosphorus degreasing agent in described step 2 is that without phosphorus neutrality is deoiled clever TF-104M, and levelling agent is high temperature levelling agent.The without phosphorus neutrality clever TF-104M that deoils is that the development of evil in febrile disease board that Zhejiang Province Chuanhua Co., Ltd produces deoils clever TF-104M; High temperature levelling agent is the High Temperature High Pressure levelling agent FK-470 that Beijing Chemical Co., Ltd. in Textile produces.
Bleeding agent in described step 2 is penetrating agent JFC.
Softener in described step 5 is ester based quaternary ammonium salt softener, and antibacterial finishing agent is antibacterial finishing agent GQ-100.Ester based quaternary ammonium salt softener can select the softeners such as EQ400 or EQ200 of Korea S LG chemistry, and harmless to skin gentleness, make sodolin fabric have flexibility and antistatic behaviour, environmentally friendly, soft effect is good.Antibacterial finishing agent GQ-100 is the antibacterial finishing agent that Nantong C&T Textile Technology Co., Ltd. produces.
Heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent in described step 5 and 7 is heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent FK-161, and anti-phenol flavescence agent is anti-phenol flavescence agent FK-162.The heat resistanceheat resistant xanthochromia agent FK-161 that Beijing Chemical Co., Ltd. in Textile produces and anti-phenol xanthochromia agent FK-162.
Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, the present invention has following conspicuousness beneficial effect:
1, the present invention is before dyeing process, Low Temperature Plasma Treating is carried out to fabric, make the good hydrophilic property of fabric, dye-uptake is high, then adopts 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride carries out modification to fabric, finally adopt shitosan process, fundamentally modification is carried out to the performance of COTTON FABRIC fabric, overcome some defects himself existed, also add the dye uptake of fabric simultaneously, reduce the difficulty of follow-up staining procedure;
2, the present invention is in dyeing process, adopt scouring and dyeing, by concise, washing, dehydration in the past, dry, sizing, the direct step scouring and dyeing of dyeing process completes, improve efficiency, reduce cost, in process, non-phosphorus degreasing agent and scouring and dyeing degreaser are merged and use, make Color good, do not use a large amount of alkaline matters and inorganic salts simultaneously, have employed natural dye, add colophony powder as color-fixing agent simultaneously, enhance colour fixation, avoid environmental pollution simultaneously, meet the requirement of environmental protection; Also add imvite simultaneously, play fire retardation;
3, the present invention is in dyeing process, strictly controls intensification rate of temperature fall, and dyeing time, and fabric is dyeed, and firmness is high, even dyeing, dye stability are good;
4, the present invention adds color fixing process after dyeing, have employed the natural color-fixing agent colophony powder of environmental protection, avoid environmental pollution, further increase the fixing degree of COTTON FABRIC in color fixing process; What adopt before fixation soaps in technique, have employed lauryl sodium sulfate, polyvinylpyrrolidone and AEO-9 carries out composite, anti-staining, removal floating color are effective, make soap poststaining fabric color fastness to washing, colour fastness to rubbing simultaneously, especially fastness to wet rubbing all significantly strengthens, and also reduces simultaneously;
5, present invention adds postfinishing process, improve the performances such as the crease and shrink resistance performance of fabric, COLOR FASTNESS, pliability, uviolresistance, antibiotic property, resistance combustion; Simultaneously in arrangement process, when multiple finishing agent mixing, the various finishing agent selected is while playing respective effect, and can also play the effect strengthened mutually, cooperative effect is good; Select imvite as fire retardant, add quaternary ammonium salt simultaneously and modification is carried out to imvite, make flame retardant effect better, non-environmental-pollution;
6, the present invention employs the yellow reagent of resistance in sizing, adds resistance Huang simultaneously and arranges, and makes final fabric be not easy to turn yellow;
7, the present invention have employed calendering process further, makes the bright and clean smooth of fabric, can improve feel further, makes feel more soft fluffy, ensures that washing shrinkage meets the demands simultaneously;
8, the temperature of several operation such as preliminary treatment of the present invention, dyeing, sizing is relatively more steady, and such process conditions jumping characteristic is less, and technics comparing is steady, makes the final performance of fabric more stable;
9, efficient, the environmental protection of dyeing of the present invention, technique are simple, and simple operation, can promote the use of.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, technical solution of the present invention is described in further detail and completely.
embodiment 1
An efficient dyeing and finishing technology for COTTON FABRIC, comprises the following steps:
(1) modification: COTTON FABRIC is put into plasma apparatus and carry out Cement Composite Treated by Plasma, discharge power is 100W, and discharge frequency is 13.56MHz, processing time 3min; And then put into water-bath and process, 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 20 g/L, NaOH 8 g/L, ethanol 200 g/L, bath raio is 50:1, modification 60min at 50 DEG C; Finally fabric is put into chitosan solution to process, wherein shitosan 5 g/L, ethanol 20 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, at 40 DEG C, soak 30min, refills clear water and washs 2 times, then dry after terminating;
(2) scouring and dyeing: the COTTON FABRIC after cryogenic freezing process is carried out dyeing process, be specially: under room temperature, fabric is immersed in the clear water of dyeing machine, then in water-bath, penetrating agent JFC 1.5g/L is added, diffusant DN 0.8g/L, levelling agent FK-470 1.5 g/L, scouring and dyeing degreaser GK-610 1.5-2.5g/L, non-phosphorus degreasing agent TF-104M 1 g/L, red sorghum pigment 1.5%(owf), colophony powder 8%(owf), imvite 3 g/L, bath raio 40:1, and by acetic acid, the pH value of dye liquor is adjusted to 4.5, cyclically charging material 20min, then dyeing machine heats up, programming rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature rises to 115 DEG C, insulation dyeing 60min, then dyeing machine cooling, cooling rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature is down to 40 DEG C, dyestuff is discharged also injected clear water again, 15min is rinsed with clear water,
(3) soap: the COTTON FABRIC after dyeing is rinsed after 10min through room temperature clear water, use lauryl sodium sulfate 1 g/L again, polyvinylpyrrolidone 4.5 g/L, AEO-9 4.5 g/L, ethanol 10 g/L; bath raio is 40:1, rinses 30 min at 50 DEG C, finally rinses 15min with the clear water of 40 DEG C again;
(4) fixation: the COTTON FABRIC after cleaning is put into fixation liquid and carries out fixation, described fixation liquid contains salt 3g/L, colophony powder 3g/L, ethanol 10 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, color fixing temperature 50 DEG C, the fixation time is 30min, and then temperature reduces, and 40 DEG C are rinsed 15min with clear water, then by dryer at 80 DEG C of preliminary drying 4 min, then bake 3 min at 110 DEG C;
(5) Final finishing: COTTON FABRIC is carried out Final finishing, is specially:
A () resistance Huang arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into the yellow treatment fluid of resistance and process, with heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent FK-161 8g/L, and anti-phenol flavescence agent FK-162 8 g/L, in the water-bath of 30 DEG C, process 20 min, bath raio is 20:1;
B () mixing arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into mixed treating liquid and processes, with crease and shrink resistant finishing agent GFR-8 2g/L, softener EQ200 1 g/L, antibacterial finishing agent GQ-100 1 g/L, UV resistance finishing agent UV-BS 3 g/L, processes 20 min in the water-bath of 30 DEG C, and bath raio is 20:1;
(c) flame-proof treatment: COTTON FABRIC is put into fire-retardant treatment liquid and processes, with 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 20 g/L, imvite 3 g/L, isopropyl alcohol 15 g/L, processes 40 min in the water-bath of 50 DEG C, and bath raio is 30:1;
(6) dry: the COTTON FABRIC after Final finishing is put into dryer and carries out drying and processing, bake out temperature 100 DEG C, locomotive speed is 65m/min;
(7) shape: the COTTON FABRIC of oven dry is carried out heat treatment, adds heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent FK-161 8 g/L during sizing, anti-phenol flavescence agent FK-162 8 g/L, setting temperature 155 DEG C, locomotive speed is 25m/min, overfeeding 5%;
(8) calendering: the COTTON FABRIC after sizing is put into calender and carries out calendering process, calendering temperature 115 DEG C, locomotive speed is 20m/min;
(9) rolling: COTTON FABRIC is carried out rolling.
embodiment 2
An efficient dyeing and finishing technology for COTTON FABRIC, comprises the following steps:
(1) modification: COTTON FABRIC is put into plasma apparatus and carry out Cement Composite Treated by Plasma, discharge power is 100W, and discharge frequency is 13.56MHz, processing time 3min; And then put into water-bath and process, 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 25 g/L, NaOH 9 g/L, ethanol 25 g/L, bath raio is 50:1, modification 70min at 50 DEG C; Finally fabric is put into chitosan solution to process, wherein shitosan 6g/L, ethanol 25 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, at 40 DEG C, soak 30min, refills clear water and washs 2 times, then dry after terminating;
(2) scouring and dyeing: the COTTON FABRIC after cryogenic freezing process is carried out dyeing process, be specially: under room temperature, fabric is immersed in the clear water of dyeing machine, then in water-bath, penetrating agent JFC 2g/L is added, diffusant DN 1g/L, levelling agent FK-470 2 g/L, scouring and dyeing degreaser GK-610 2 g/L, non-phosphorus degreasing agent TF-104M 2 g/L, red sorghum pigment 2%(owf), colophony powder 9%(owf), imvite 4 g/L, bath raio 40:1, and by acetic acid, the pH value of dye liquor is adjusted to 5, cyclically charging material 20min, then dyeing machine heats up, programming rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature rises to 115 DEG C, insulation dyeing 70min, then dyeing machine cooling, cooling rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature is down to 40 DEG C, dyestuff is discharged also injected clear water again, 15min is rinsed with clear water,
(3) soap: the COTTON FABRIC after dyeing is rinsed after 10min through room temperature clear water, use lauryl sodium sulfate 1 g/L again, polyvinylpyrrolidone 4.5 g/L, AEO-9 4.5 g/L, ethanol 15 g/L; bath raio is 40:1, rinses 30 min at 55 DEG C, finally rinses 15min with the clear water of 45 DEG C again;
(4) fixation: the COTTON FABRIC after cleaning is put into fixation liquid and carries out fixation, described fixation liquid contains salt 4g/L, colophony powder 4g/L, ethanol 15 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, color fixing temperature 55 DEG C, the fixation time is 35min, and then temperature reduces, and 45 DEG C are rinsed 15min with clear water, then by dryer at 80 DEG C of preliminary drying 4 min, then bake 3 min at 110 DEG C;
(5) Final finishing: COTTON FABRIC is carried out Final finishing, is specially:
A () resistance Huang arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into the yellow treatment fluid of resistance and process, with heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent FK-161 9g/L, and anti-phenol flavescence agent FK-162 9 g/L, in the water-bath of 35 DEG C, process 25 min, bath raio is 20:1;
B () mixing arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into mixed treating liquid and processes, with crease and shrink resistant finishing agent GFR-8 3g/L, softener EQ200 1.5 g/L, antibacterial finishing agent GQ-100 1.5 g/L, UV resistance finishing agent UV-BS 3.5 g/L, in the water-bath of 35 DEG C, process 25min, bath raio is 20:1;
(c) flame-proof treatment: COTTON FABRIC is put into fire-retardant treatment liquid and processes, with 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 25g/L, imvite 4 g/L, isopropyl alcohol 18 g/L, processes 50 min in the water-bath of 60 DEG C, and bath raio is 30:1;
(6) dry: the COTTON FABRIC after Final finishing is put into dryer and carries out drying and processing, bake out temperature 105 DEG C, locomotive speed is 68m/min;
(7) shape: the COTTON FABRIC of oven dry is carried out heat treatment, adds heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent FK-161 9 g/L during sizing, anti-phenol flavescence agent FK-162 9 g/L, setting temperature 160 DEG C, locomotive speed is 28m/min, overfeeding 5-8%;
(8) calendering: the COTTON FABRIC after sizing is put into calender and carries out calendering process, calendering temperature 120 DEG C, locomotive speed is 28m/min;
(9) rolling: COTTON FABRIC is carried out rolling.
embodiment 3
An efficient dyeing and finishing technology for COTTON FABRIC, comprises the following steps:
(1) modification: COTTON FABRIC is put into plasma apparatus and carry out Cement Composite Treated by Plasma, discharge power is 100W, and discharge frequency is 13.56MHz, processing time 3min; And then put into water-bath and process, 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 30 g/L, NaOH 10 g/L, ethanol 30 g/L, bath raio is 50:1, modification 80min at 50 DEG C; Finally fabric is put into chitosan solution to process, wherein shitosan 7 g/L, ethanol 30 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, at 40 DEG C, soak 30min, refills clear water and washs 2 times, then dry after terminating;
(2) scouring and dyeing: the COTTON FABRIC after cryogenic freezing process is carried out dyeing process, be specially: under room temperature, fabric is immersed in the clear water of dyeing machine, then in water-bath, penetrating agent JFC 2.5g/L is added, diffusant DN 1.2g/L, levelling agent FK-470 2.5 g/L, scouring and dyeing degreaser GK-610 2.5 g/L, non-phosphorus degreasing agent TF-104M 3 g/L, red sorghum pigment 2.5%(owf), colophony powder 10%(owf), imvite 5 g/L, bath raio 40:1, and by acetic acid, the pH value of dye liquor is adjusted to 5.5, cyclically charging material 20min, then dyeing machine heats up, programming rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature rises to 115 DEG C, insulation dyeing 80min, then dyeing machine cooling, cooling rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature is down to 40 DEG C, dyestuff is discharged also injected clear water again, 15min is rinsed with clear water,
(3) soap: the COTTON FABRIC after dyeing is rinsed after 10min through room temperature clear water, use lauryl sodium sulfate 1 g/L again, polyvinylpyrrolidone 4.5 g/L, AEO-9 4.5 g/L, ethanol 20 g/L; bath raio is 40:1, rinses 30 min at 60 DEG C, finally rinses 15min with the clear water of 50 DEG C again;
(4) fixation: the COTTON FABRIC after cleaning is put into fixation liquid and carries out fixation, described fixation liquid contains salt 5g/L, colophony powder 5g/L, ethanol 20 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, color fixing temperature 60 DEG C, the fixation time is 40min, and then temperature reduces, and 50 DEG C are rinsed 15min with clear water, then by dryer at 80 DEG C of preliminary drying 4 min, then bake 3 min at 110 DEG C;
(5) Final finishing: COTTON FABRIC is carried out Final finishing, is specially:
A () resistance Huang arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into the yellow treatment fluid of resistance and process, with heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent FK-161 10 g/L, and anti-phenol flavescence agent FK-162 10 g/L, in the water-bath of 40 DEG C, process 30 min, bath raio is 20:1;
B () mixing arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into mixed treating liquid and processes, with crease and shrink resistant finishing agent GFR-8 4 g/L, softener EQ200 2 g/L, antibacterial finishing agent GQ-100 2 g/L, UV resistance finishing agent UV-BS 4 g/L, processes 30 min in the water-bath of 40 DEG C, and bath raio is 20:1;
(c) flame-proof treatment: COTTON FABRIC is put into fire-retardant treatment liquid and processes, with 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 30 g/L, imvite 5 g/L, isopropyl alcohol 20 g/L, processes 60 min in the water-bath of 70 DEG C, and bath raio is 30:1;
(6) dry: the COTTON FABRIC after Final finishing is put into dryer and carries out drying and processing, bake out temperature 110 DEG C, locomotive speed is 70m/min;
(7) shape: the COTTON FABRIC of oven dry is carried out heat treatment, adds heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent FK-161 10 g/L during sizing, anti-phenol flavescence agent FK-162 10 g/L, setting temperature 165 DEG C, locomotive speed is 30m/min, overfeeding 8%;
(8) calendering: the COTTON FABRIC after sizing is put into calender and carries out calendering process, calendering temperature 125 DEG C, locomotive speed is 25m/min;
(9) rolling: COTTON FABRIC is carried out rolling.
The present invention adopts the technical scheme of above-described embodiment, before dyeing process, Low Temperature Plasma Treating is carried out to fabric, make the good hydrophilic property of fabric, dye-uptake is high, then adopt 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride to carry out modification to fabric, finally adopt shitosan process, fundamentally modification is carried out to the performance of COTTON FABRIC fabric, overcome some defects himself existed, also add the dye uptake of fabric simultaneously, reduce the difficulty of follow-up staining procedure, adopt scouring and dyeing, by concise, washing, dehydration in the past, dry, sizing, the direct step scouring and dyeing of dyeing process completes, improve efficiency, reduce cost, in process, non-phosphorus degreasing agent and scouring and dyeing degreaser are merged and use, make Color good, do not use a large amount of alkaline matters and inorganic salts simultaneously, have employed natural dye, add colophony powder as color-fixing agent simultaneously, enhance colour fixation, avoid environmental pollution simultaneously, meet the requirement of environmental protection, also add imvite simultaneously, play fire retardation, finally make its dye-uptake of COTTON FABRIC fabric after dyeing more than 95%, greatly exceed the dye-uptake of like product, its degree of fixation also can reach about 95%, colour fixation is good, the fabric simultaneously obtained after dyeing, also it is carried out to the test of fixing degree and colour fastness to rubbing, test result shows, it is done, fastness to wet rubbing reaches more than 4 grades, fixing degree reaches more than 5 grades, also add flame-proof treatment operation simultaneously, the oxygen index (OI) LOI of final fabric is made to be 36%, this shows that its fire resistance is high, and the present invention employs the yellow reagent of resistance in sizing, add resistance Huang to arrange simultaneously, final fabric is made to be not easy to turn yellow, also add crease and shrink resistance process simultaneously, fabric is not creased easily, the performance such as flexibility, uviolresistance is all better simultaneously.
Finally need to herein means out: be only part preferred embodiment of the present invention above; can not be interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention, some nonessential improvement that those skilled in the art's foregoing according to the present invention is made and adjustment all belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. an efficient dyeing and finishing technology for COTTON FABRIC, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) modification: COTTON FABRIC is put into plasma apparatus and carry out Cement Composite Treated by Plasma, discharge power is 100W, and discharge frequency is 13.56MHz, processing time 3min; And then put into water-bath and process, 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 20-30 g/L, NaOH 8-10 g/L, ethanol 20-30 g/L, bath raio is 50:1, modification 60-80min at 50 DEG C; Finally fabric is put into chitosan solution to process, wherein shitosan 5-7 g/L, ethanol 20-30 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, at 40 DEG C, soak 30min, refills clear water and washs 2 times, then dry after terminating;
(2) scouring and dyeing: COTTON FABRIC is carried out dyeing process, be specially: under room temperature, fabric is immersed in the clear water of dyeing machine, then in water-bath, bleeding agent 1.5-2.5g/L is added, diffusant DN 0.8-1.2g/L, levelling agent 1.5-2.5 g/L, scouring and dyeing degreaser 1.5-2.5 g/L, non-phosphorus degreasing agent 1-3 g/L, red sorghum pigment 1.5-2.5%(owf), colophony powder 8-10%(owf), imvite 3-5 g/L, bath raio 40:1, and by acetic acid, the pH value of dye liquor is adjusted to 4.5-5.5, cyclically charging material 20min, then dyeing machine heats up, programming rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature rises to 115 DEG C, insulation dyeing 60-80min, then dyeing machine cooling, cooling rate is 2 DEG C/min, when temperature is down to 40 DEG C, dyestuff is discharged also injected clear water again, 15min is rinsed with clear water,
(3) soap: the COTTON FABRIC after dyeing is rinsed after 10min through room temperature clear water, use lauryl sodium sulfate 1 g/L again, polyvinylpyrrolidone 4.5 g/L, AEO-9 4.5 g/L, ethanol 10-20 g/L; bath raio is 40:1, rinses 30 min at 50-60 DEG C, finally rinses 15min with the clear water of 40-50 DEG C again;
(4) fixation: the COTTON FABRIC after cleaning is put into fixation liquid and carries out fixation, described fixation liquid contains salt 3-5g/L, colophony powder 3-5g/L, ethanol 10-20 g/L, bath raio is 20:1, color fixing temperature 50-60 DEG C, the fixation time is 30-40min, and then temperature reduces, and 40-50 DEG C is rinsed 15min with clear water, then by dryer at 80 DEG C of preliminary drying 4 min, then bake 3 min at 110 DEG C;
(5) Final finishing: COTTON FABRIC is carried out Final finishing, is specially:
A () resistance Huang arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into the yellow treatment fluid of resistance and process, with heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent 8-10 g/L, and anti-phenol flavescence agent 8-10 g/L, in the water-bath of 30-40 DEG C, process 20-30 min, bath raio is 20:1;
B () mixing arranges: COTTON FABRIC is put into mixed treating liquid and processes, with crease and shrink resistant finishing agent GFR-8 2-4 g/L, softener 1-2 g/L, antibacterial finishing agent 1-2 g/L, UV resistance finishing agent UV-BS 3-4 g/L, in the water-bath of 30-40 DEG C, process 20-30 min, bath raio is 20:1;
(c) flame-proof treatment: COTTON FABRIC is put into fire-retardant treatment liquid and processes, with 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride 20-30 g/L, imvite 3-5 g/L, isopropyl alcohol 15-20 g/L, processes 40-60 min in the water-bath of 50-70 DEG C, and bath raio is 30:1;
(6) dry: the COTTON FABRIC after Final finishing is put into dryer and carries out drying and processing, bake out temperature 100-110 DEG C, locomotive speed is 65-70m/min;
(7) shape: the COTTON FABRIC of oven dry is carried out heat treatment, adds heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent 8-10 g/L during sizing, anti-phenol flavescence agent 8-10 g/L, setting temperature 155-165 DEG C, locomotive speed is 25-30m/min, overfeeding 5-8%;
(8) calendering: the COTTON FABRIC after sizing is put into calender and carries out calendering process, calendering temperature 115-125 DEG C, locomotive speed is 20-25m/min;
(9) rolling: COTTON FABRIC is carried out rolling.
2. the efficient dyeing and finishing technology of COTTON FABRIC according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the non-phosphorus degreasing agent in described step 2 is that without phosphorus neutrality is deoiled clever TF-104M, and levelling agent is high temperature levelling agent.
3. the efficient dyeing and finishing technology of COTTON FABRIC according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the bleeding agent in described step 2 is penetrating agent JFC.
4. the efficient dyeing and finishing technology of COTTON FABRIC according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the softener in described step 5 is ester based quaternary ammonium salt softener, and antibacterial finishing agent is antibacterial finishing agent GQ-100.
5. the efficient dyeing and finishing technology of COTTON FABRIC according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent in described step 5 and 7 is heat resistanceheat resistant flavescence agent FK-161, and anti-phenol flavescence agent is anti-phenol flavescence agent FK-162.
CN201510449807.8A 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Cotton fabric high-efficiency dyeing and finishing process Pending CN104988713A (en)

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Application publication date: 20151021